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EASTERN EUROPEAN TIME (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone , 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
. The zone uses daylight saving time , so that it uses UTC+03:00 during the summer.

A number of African countries use UTC+02:00 all year long, where it is called Central Africa Time (CAT), although Egypt
Egypt
and Libya
Libya
also use the term Eastern European Time.

CONTENTS

* 1 Usage

* 2 Anomalies

* 2.1 Areas located outside UTC+2 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+2) time

* 2.1.1 Areas west of 22°30\' E ("physical" UTC+1) that use UTC+2 * 2.1.2 Areas east of 37°30\' E ("physical" UTC+3) that use UTC+2

* 2.2 Areas located within UTC+2 longitudes (22°30\' E – 37°30\' E) using other time zones

* 2.2.1 Areas that use UTC+1 * 2.2.2 Areas that use UTC+3
UTC+3

* 2.3 Tripoints and borders between zones

* 3 Major metropolitan areas * 4 References

USAGE

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use EASTERN EUROPEAN TIME all year round:

* Egypt
Egypt
, since 21 April 2015; used EEST (UTC+02:00 ; UTC+03:00 with daylight saving time ) from 1988–2010 and 16 May–26 September 2014. * Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
( Russia
Russia
), since 26 October 2014; also used EET in years 1945 and 1991–2011. See also Kaliningrad Time . * Libya
Libya
, since 27 October 2013; switched from Central European Time , which was used in 2012. Used year-round EET from 1980–1981, 1990–1996 and 1998–2012.

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use EASTERN EUROPEAN TIME during the winter only:

* Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, since 1894 * Cyprus
Cyprus
; Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
used Further-eastern European Time for a year in 2016-17 and then reverted * Estonia
Estonia
, in years 1921–40 and since 1990 * Finland
Finland
, since 1921 * Greece
Greece
, since 1916 * Israel
Israel
, since 1948 (see also Israel Standard Time ) * Jordan
Jordan
* Latvia
Latvia
, in years 1926–40 and since 1990 * Lebanon
Lebanon
* Lithuania
Lithuania
, in 1920–40 and since 1990 with break 1998–1999 * Moldova
Moldova
, in years 1918–40, 1941–44 and since 1991 * Palestine * Romania
Romania
* Syria
Syria
* Ukraine
Ukraine
, in years 1922–30 and since 1990

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories used EASTERN EUROPEAN TIME in the past:

* Moscow used EET in years 1922–30 and 1991–92. * Belarus
Belarus
, in years 1922–30 and 1990–2011 * In Poland
Poland
this time was used in years 1918–22. * In time of World War II, Germany implemented MET (CET ) in east occupied territories. * Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol
Sevastopol
used EET as part of Ukraine
Ukraine
in years 1991-94 and 1996-2014 * Turkey
Turkey
, used EET in years 1910-1978 and re-used it again in years 1985-2016. Now uses year round DST timezone called Further-eastern European Time or Turkey
Turkey
Time (TRT).

Sometimes, due to its use on Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
, FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia, or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia
Estonia
) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time.

ANOMALIES

Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (UTC+2) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+2 time, are in another time zone; likewise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+2, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such anomalies:

AREAS LOCATED OUTSIDE UTC+2 LONGITUDES USING EASTERN EUROPEAN TIME (UTC+2) TIME

European winter

COLOUR LEGAL TIME VS LOCAL MEAN TIME

1 h ± 30 m behind

0 h ± 30 m

1 h ± 30 m ahead

2 h ± 30 m ahead

3 h ± 30 m ahead

Areas West Of 22°30\' E ("physical" UTC+1) That Use UTC+2

* The westernmost part of Greece, including the cities of Patras
Patras
and Ioannina , and the Ionian Islands * The very westernmost parts of the Bulgarian provinces of Vidin
Vidin
and Kyustendil
Kyustendil
* The westernmost part of Romania
Romania
, including most of the area of the counties of Caraș-Severin , Timiș (capital Timișoara ), Arad , and Bihor , as well as the westernmost tips of the counties of Mehedinți and Satu Mare * The extreme westernmost tip of Ukraine
Ukraine
, near the border with Hungary and Slovakia
Slovakia
, at the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast ( Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
), essentially comprising the city of Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
and its environs * Western Lithuania
Lithuania
, including the cities of Klaipėda
Klaipėda
, Tauragė , and Telšiai
Telšiai
* Western Latvia
Latvia
, including the cities of Liepāja
Liepāja
and Ventspils * The westernmost parts of the Estonian islands of Saaremaa
Saaremaa
and Hiiumaa
Hiiumaa
, including the capital of the Saare County , Kuressaare
Kuressaare
* The southwestern coast of Finland, including the city of Turku
Turku
; also the Åland islands (of Finnish jurisdiction) – the Åland islands are the westernmost locale applying EET in the whole of Europe

Areas East Of 37°30\' E ("physical" UTC+3) That Use UTC+2

* The easternmost part of Ukraine
Ukraine
, including the cities of Luhansk , Donetsk
Donetsk
, and Mariupol
Mariupol
. The town of Milove , Luhansk
Luhansk
Oblast , on the Ukrainian-Russian border, is the easternmost city in geographical Europe that applies UTC+2

AREAS LOCATED WITHIN UTC+2 LONGITUDES (22°30\' E – 37°30\' E) USING OTHER TIME ZONES

Areas That Use UTC+1

These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the UTC+1 meridian.

* The easternmost part of the Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
, including the city of Strumica
Strumica
. * The absolutely easternmost part of Serbia
Serbia
, in the Pirot District , including the city of Pirot . * The extreme easternmost tips of Hungary and Slovakia
Slovakia
, bordering to the north and south respectively the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast ( Zakarpattia Oblast
Zakarpattia Oblast
), a bit to the east of the Vásárosnamény
Vásárosnamény
, Hungary – Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
, Ukraine
Ukraine
(both at 22°18' E) line * The easternmost part of Poland, including the cities of Lublin
Lublin
and Białystok * The extreme northeast of Sweden, in the Norrbotten
Norrbotten
province , including the cities of Kalix
Kalix
and Haparanda
Haparanda
* The northeast of Norway, lying north of Finland, roughly coinciding with the county of Finnmark
Finnmark
. The easternmost town in Norway, Vardø , lies at 30°51' E, which is located east of even of the central meridian of UTC+2, i.e. east of Istanbul
Istanbul
and Alexandria
Alexandria
. The Norwegian-Russian border is the only place where CET (UTC+1/+2) borders Moscow time (UTC+3), resulting in a one (or two in winter) hour time change when crossing that border. There is a "tri-zone" point (where UTC+1, UTC+2, and UTC+3
UTC+3
meet) at the Norway-Finland- Russia
Russia
tripoint , near the town of Rayakoski .

Areas That Use UTC+3

* Belarus
Belarus
is located between 23°11′E and 32°47′E and is thus fully located with the physical UTC+2 area, but it uses UTC+3
UTC+3
year around. * Practically all European Russia
Russia
west of Moscow; this includes the chunk of land from Murmansk
Murmansk
all the way south to Belgorod
Belgorod
, including the cities of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
, Novgorod
Novgorod
, and Pskov
Pskov
, to name only a few. (The westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry , Pskov Oblast , 27°19' E, is the westernmost point in European Russia
Russia
where UTC+3
UTC+3
is applied.) This also includes the city of Anapa
Anapa
, at the westernmost tip of the Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai
near the entrance to the Sea of Azov, at 37°22' E. * Western Turkey.

TRIPOINTS AND BORDERS BETWEEN ZONES

* The Norway–Russia– Finland
Finland
"tri-zone" point at Muotkavaara (see Central European Time
Central European Time
) is surrounded by three different times in winter, two in summer. It had three time zones year-around before 2014. * Two of the four tripoints of Belarus
Belarus
and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.

MAJOR METROPOLITAN AREAS

WINTER ONLY

* Aleppo
Aleppo
, Syria * Amman
Amman
, Jordan * Athens
Athens
, Greece * Beirut
Beirut
, Lebanon * Brașov , Romania * Bucharest
Bucharest
, Romania * Chișinău
Chișinău
, Moldova * Cluj-Napoca , Romania * Constanța , Romania * Damascus
Damascus
, Syria * Daugavpils
Daugavpils
, Latvia * Dnipro
Dnipro
, Ukraine * Gaza , Palestine * Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland * Iași
Iași
, Romania * Jerusalem
Jerusalem
* Kharkiv
Kharkiv
, Ukraine * Kiev
Kiev
, Ukraine * Nicosia
Nicosia
, Cyprus * Odessa
Odessa
, Ukraine * Oradea
Oradea
, Romania * Ramallah
Ramallah
, Palestine * Riga
Riga
, Latvia * Sofia
Sofia
, Bulgaria * Tallinn
Tallinn
, Estonia * Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, Israel * Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
, Greece * Timișoara , Romania * Varna
Varna
, Bulgaria * Vilnius
Vilnius
, Lithuania

YEAR ROUND

* Alexandria
Alexandria
, Egypt * Benghazi
Benghazi
, Libya * Cairo
Cairo
, Egypt * Giza
Giza
, Egypt * Kaliningrad , Russia * Port Said
Port Said
, Egypt * Tripoli
Tripoli
, Libya

REFERENCES

* ^ "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen . Retrieved 18 October 2017. * ^ Ukraine
Ukraine
to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated) Archived October 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Eternal Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Belarus". * ^ "TimeZone". Microsoft. * ^ "FLE". TheFreeDictionary.com. * ^ " Finland
Finland
Latvia
Latvia
Estonia
Estonia
Time". TheFreeDiction

.