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Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time
(EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. The zone uses daylight saving time, so that it uses UTC+03:00 during the summer. A number of African countries use UTC+02:00 all year long, where it is called Central Africa Time
Central Africa Time
(CAT), although Egypt
Egypt
and Libya
Libya
also use the term Eastern European Time[citation needed].

Contents

1 Usage 2 Anomalies

2.1 Areas located outside UTC+2 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+2) time

2.1.1 Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+1) that use UTC+2 2.1.2 Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+3) that use UTC+2

2.2 Areas located within UTC+2 longitudes (22°30' E – 37°30' E) using other time zones

2.2.1 Areas that use UTC+1 2.2.2 Areas that use UTC+3

2.3 Tripoints and borders between zones

3 Major metropolitan areas 4 References

Usage[edit] The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time
all year round:

Egypt, since 21 April 2015; used EEST (UTC+02:00; UTC+03:00 with daylight saving time) from 1988–2010 and 16 May–26 September 2014. Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
(Russia), since 26 October 2014; also used EET in years 1945 and 1991–2011. See also Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Time. Libya, since 27 October 2013; switched from Central European Time, which was used in 2012. Used year-round EET from 1980–1981, 1990–1996 and 1998–2012.

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time
during the winter only:

Bulgaria, since 1894 Cyprus; Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
used Further-eastern European Time
Further-eastern European Time
for a year in 2016-17 and then reverted[1] Estonia, in years 1921–40 and since 1990 Finland, since 1921 Greece, since 1916 Israel, since 1948 (see also Israel
Israel
Standard Time) Jordan Latvia, in years 1926–40 and since 1990 Lebanon Lithuania, in 1920–40 and since 1990 with break 1998–1999 Moldova, in years 1918–40, 1941–44 and since 1991 Palestine Romania Syria Ukraine, in years 1922–30 and since 1990[2]

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories used Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time
in the past:

Moscow used EET in years 1922–30 and 1991–92. Belarus, in years 1922–30 and 1990–2011[3] In Poland
Poland
this time was used in years 1918–22. In time of World War II, Germany implemented MET (CET) in east occupied territories. Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
and Sevastopol
Sevastopol
used EET as part of Ukraine
Ukraine
in years 1991-94 and 1996-2014 Turkey, used EET in years 1910-1978 and re-used it again in years 1985-2016. Now uses year round DST timezone called Further-eastern European Time or Turkey
Turkey
Time (TRT).

Sometimes, due to its use on Microsoft Windows,[4] FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia,[5] or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia[6]) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time. Anomalies[edit] Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (UTC+2) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+2 time, are in another time zone; likewise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+2, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such anomalies: Areas located outside UTC+2 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+2) time[edit]

European winter

Colour Legal time vs local mean time

1 h ± 30 m behind

0 h ± 30 m

1 h ± 30 m ahead

2 h ± 30 m ahead

3 h ± 30 m ahead

Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+1) that use UTC+2[edit]

The westernmost part of Greece, including the cities of Patras
Patras
and Ioannina, and the Ionian Islands The very westernmost parts of the Bulgarian provinces of Vidin
Vidin
and Kyustendil The westernmost part of Romania, including most of the area of the counties of Caraș-Severin, Timiș (capital Timișoara), Arad, and Bihor, as well as the westernmost tips of the counties of Mehedinți and Satu Mare The extreme westernmost tip of Ukraine, near the border with Hungary and Slovakia, at the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast
Transcarpathian Oblast
(Zakarpattia Oblast), essentially comprising the city of Uzhhorod
Uzhhorod
and its environs Western Lithuania, including the cities of Klaipėda, Tauragė, and Telšiai Western Latvia, including the cities of Liepāja
Liepāja
and Ventspils The westernmost parts of the Estonian islands of Saaremaa
Saaremaa
and Hiiumaa, including the capital of the Saare County, Kuressaare The southwestern coast of Finland, including the city of Turku; also the Åland
Åland
islands (of Finnish jurisdiction) – the Åland
Åland
islands are the westernmost locale applying EET in the whole of Europe

Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+3) that use UTC+2[edit]

The easternmost part of Ukraine, including the cities of Luhansk, Donetsk, and Mariupol. The town of Milove, Luhansk
Luhansk
Oblast, on the Ukrainian-Russian border, is the easternmost city in geographical Europe that applies UTC+2

Areas located within UTC+2 longitudes (22°30' E – 37°30' E) using other time zones[edit] Areas that use UTC+1[edit] These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the UTC+1 meridian.

The easternmost part of the Republic of Macedonia, including the city of Strumica. The absolutely easternmost part of Serbia, in the Pirot
Pirot
District, including the city of Pirot. The extreme easternmost tips of Hungary and Slovakia, bordering to the north and south respectively the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast (Zakarpattia Oblast), a bit to the east of the Vásárosnamény, Hungary – Uzhhorod, Ukraine
Ukraine
(both at 22°18' E) line The easternmost part of Poland, including the cities of Lublin
Lublin
and Białystok The extreme northeast of Sweden, in the Norrbotten
Norrbotten
province, including the cities of Kalix
Kalix
and Haparanda The northeast of Norway, lying north of Finland, roughly coinciding with the county of Finnmark. The easternmost town in Norway, Vardø, lies at 30°51' E, which is located east of even of the central meridian of UTC+2, i.e. east of Istanbul
Istanbul
and Alexandria. The Norwegian-Russian border
Norwegian-Russian border
is the only place where CET (UTC+1/+2) borders Moscow time (UTC+3), resulting in a one (or two in winter) hour time change when crossing that border. There is a "tri-zone" point (where UTC+1, UTC+2, and UTC+3
UTC+3
meet) at the Norway-Finland- Russia
Russia
tripoint, near the town of Rayakoski.

Areas that use UTC+3[edit]

Belarus
Belarus
is located between 23°11′E and 32°47′E and is thus fully located with the physical UTC+2 area, but it uses UTC+3
UTC+3
year around. Practically all European Russia
Russia
west of Moscow; this includes the chunk of land from Murmansk
Murmansk
all the way south to Belgorod, including the cities of St. Petersburg, Novgorod, and Pskov, to name only a few. (The westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov
Pskov
Oblast, 27°19' E, is the westernmost point in European Russia
Russia
where UTC+3
UTC+3
is applied.) This also includes the city of Anapa, at the westernmost tip of the Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai
near the entrance to the Sea of Azov, at 37°22' E. Western Turkey.

Tripoints and borders between zones[edit]

The Norway–Russia– Finland
Finland
"tri-zone" point at Muotkavaara
Muotkavaara
(see Central European Time) is surrounded by three different times in winter, two in summer. It had three time zones year-around before 2014. Two of the four tripoints of Belarus
Belarus
and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.

Major metropolitan areas[edit] Winter only

Aleppo, Syria Amman, Jordan Athens, Greece Beirut, Lebanon Brașov, Romania Bucharest, Romania Chișinău, Moldova Cluj-Napoca, Romania Constanța, Romania Damascus, Syria Daugavpils, Latvia Dnipro, Ukraine Gaza, Palestine Helsinki, Finland Iași, Romania Jerusalem Kharkiv, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Nicosia, Cyprus Odessa, Ukraine Oradea, Romania Ramallah, Palestine Riga, Latvia Sofia, Bulgaria Tallinn, Estonia Tel Aviv, Israel Thessaloniki, Greece Timișoara, Romania Varna, Bulgaria Vilnius, Lithuania

Year round

Alexandria, Egypt Benghazi, Libya Cairo, Egypt Giza, Egypt Kaliningrad, Russia Port Said, Egypt Tripoli, Libya

References[edit]

^ "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ Ukraine
Ukraine
to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated) Archived October 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Eternal Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Belarus".  ^ "TimeZone". Microsoft.  ^ "FLE". TheFreeDictionary.com.  ^ " Finland
Finland
Latvia
Latvia
Estonia
Estonia
Time". TheFreeDic

.