HOME
The Info List - Eastern Arabic Numerals



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

The EASTERN ARABIC NUMERALS (also called ARABIC–INDIC NUMERALS and ARABIC EASTERN NUMERALS) are the symbols used to represent the Hindu–Arabic numeral system , in conjunction with the Arabic alphabet in the countries of the Mashriq
Mashriq
(the east of the Arab world ), the Arabian Peninsula , and its variant in other countries that use the Perso-Arabic script in Asia
Asia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Other names * 2 Numerals * 3 Usage * 4 Contemporary use * 5 References

OTHER NAMES

These numbers are known as أرقام هندية ("Indian numbers") in Arabic. They are sometimes also called "Indic numerals" in English. However, that is sometimes discouraged as it can lead to confusion with Indian numerals , used in Brahmic scripts
Brahmic scripts
of India
India
.

NUMERALS

See also: Modern Arabic mathematical notation

Each numeral in the Persian variant has a different Unicode point even if it looks identical to the Eastern Arabic
Arabic
numeral counterpart. However the variants used with Urdu
Urdu
, Sindhi , and other South Asian languages are not encoded separately from the Persian variants. See U+0660 through U+0669 and U+06F0 through U+06F9 .

Western Arabic
Arabic
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Eastern Arabic ٠ ١ ٢ ٣ ٤ ٥ ٦ ٧ ٨ ٩

Perso- Arabic
Arabic
variant ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹

Urdu
Urdu
variant

USAGE

Written numerals are arranged with their lowest-value digit to the right, with higher value positions added to the left. That is identical to the arrangement used by Western texts using Hindu-Arabic numerals even though Arabic
Arabic
script is read from right to left. There is no conflict unless numerical layout is necessary, as is the case for arithmetic problems (as in simple addition or multiplication) and lists of numbers, which tend to be justified at the decimal point or comma.

CONTEMPORARY USE

A bilingual Pakistani road sign showing the use of both Eastern Arabic
Arabic
and Western Arabic
Arabic
numerals. The propensity towards Western numerals can be clearly seen.

Eastern Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals
remain strongly predominant vis-à-vis Western Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals
in many countries to the East of the Arab world , particularly in Iran
Iran
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
.

In Arabic-speaking Asia
Asia
as well as Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan
Sudan
both kinds of numerals are used alongside each other with Western numerals gaining more and more currency, now even in very traditional countries such as Saudi-Arabia .

In Pakistan
Pakistan
, Western Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals
are more extensively used as a considerable majority of the population is anglophone . Eastern numerals still continue to see use in Urdu
Urdu
publications and newspapers, as well as sign boards.

In North Africa (excluding Egypt
Egypt
and Sudan), only Western Arabic numerals (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) are now commonly used. In medieval times, these areas used a slightly different set (from which, via Italy
Italy
, Western " Arabic
Arabic
numerals" derive).

REFERENCES

* ^ "Glossary of Unicode terms". Retrieved 2 September 2015. * ^ "Glossary". Retrieved 2 September 2015. * ^ Menninger, Karl (1992). _Number words and number symbols: a cultural history of numbers_. Courier Dover Publications. p. 415. ISBN 0-486-27096-3 .

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to CLOCKS WITH EASTERN ARABIC NUMERALS _.

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * Alphabet * History * Romanization * Numerology * Influence on other languages

ALPHABET

* Nabataean alphabet * Perso- Arabic alphabet * Ancient North Arabian

* Ancient South Arabian script

* Zabūr script

* Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals
* Eastern numerals

* Arabic
Arabic
Braille

* Algerian

* Diacritics * i‘jām * Tashkil * Harakat
Harakat
* Tanwin * Shaddah * Hamza * Tāʾ marbūṭah

LETTERS

* ʾAlif * Bāʾ * Tāʾ * Ṯāʾ
Ṯāʾ
* Ǧīm * Ḥāʾ * Ḫāʾ * Dāl * Ḏāl * Rāʾ * Zāy * Sīn * Šīn * Ṣād * Ḍād * Ṭāʾ * Ẓāʾ * ʿAyn * Ġayn * Fāʾ * Qāf * Kāf * Lām * Mīm * Nūn * Hāʾ * Wāw * Yāʾ

NOTABLE VARIETIES

ANCIENT

* Proto- Arabic
Arabic
* Old Arabic
Arabic
* Ancient North Arabian * Old South Arabian
Old South Arabian

STANDARDIZED

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

REGIONAL

* Nilo-Egyptian * Levantine

* Maghrebi

* Pre-Hilalian dialects * Hilalian dialects * Moroccan Darija * Tunisian Arabic
Arabic
* Sa\'idi Arabic
Arabic

* Mesopotamian

* Peninsular

* Yemeni Arabic
Arabic
* Tihamiyya Arabic
Arabic

* Sudanese * Chadian * Modern South Arabian

ETHNIC / RELIGIOUS

* Judeo- Arabic
Arabic

PIDGINS/CREOLES

* Juba Arabic
Arabic
* Nubi language * Babalia Creole Arabic
Arabic
* Maridi Arabic
Arabic
* Maltese

ACADEMIC

* Literature * Names

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Sun and moon letters * ʾIʿrāb (inflection) * Grammar * Triliteral root * Mater lectionis * IPA * Quranic Arabic
Arabic
Corpus

* Calligraphy * Script

* Diwani * Jawi script * Kufic
Kufic
* Rasm * Mashq * Hijazi script * Muhaqqaq * Thuluth * Naskh (script) * Ruqʿah script * Taʿlīq script * Nastaʿlīq script * Shahmukhī script * Sini (script)

TECHNICAL

* Arabic
Arabic
keyboard * Arabic
Arabic
script in Unicode * ISO/IEC 8859-6 * Windows-1256

* MS-DOS codepages

* 708 * 709 * 710 * 711 * 720 * 864

* Mac Arabic
Arabic
encoding

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Arabic_numerals additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Hindu%E2%80%93Arabic_numeral_system /wiki/Arabic_alphabet /wiki/Mashriq