EAST PUNJAB (known simply as PUNJAB from 1950) was a province and
later a state of
India from 1947 until 1966, consisting of the parts
of the Punjab Province of British
India that went to
the partition of the province between
Pakistan by the
Radcliffe Commission in 1947. The mostly Muslim western parts of the
old Punjab became Pakistan's
West Punjab , later renamed as Punjab
Province , while the mostly Hindu and Sikh eastern parts went to
* 1 History
* 1.1 Partition of
* 1.2 Renaming of the state
* 1.3 Reorganisation of Indian States
* 1.4 Punjabi Suba Movement
* 2 Modern usage
* 3 Administrative division
* 4 See also
* 5 References
History of the Punjab
PARTITION OF INDIA
Main article: Partition of
With the partition of the
British Indian Empire
British Indian Empire , the Punjab province
was to be divided in two as per the Indian Independence Act passed by
the parliament of the United Kingdom. The province as constituted
under the Government of
India Act 1935 ceased to exist and two new
provinces were to be constituted, to be known respectively as West
Punjab "> Administrative divisions of
India in 1951
The Constitution of
India , which came into effect in 1950, renamed
the province of "East Punjab" as the state of "Punjab".
REORGANISATION OF INDIAN STATES
States Reorganisation Act, 1956
In 1956 , the PEPSU was merged into an expanded Punjab state.
PUNJABI SUBA MOVEMENT
Punjabi Suba movement
Punjabi Suba movement A map of the distribution
of native Punjabi speakers in
With effect from 1 November 1966, there was yet another
reorganisation, this time on linguistic lines, when the state of
Punjab as constituted in 1956 was divided into three: the mostly
Hindi-speaking part became the present-day Indian state of
the mostly Punjabi -speaking part became the present-day Punjab ,
while a new union territory (
Chandigarh ) was also created, to serve
as a capital to both states. At the same time, some parts of the
former territory of Patiala and
East Punjab States Union, including
Nalagarh , were transferred into the state of Himachal
Since it ceased to be the name of a state, "East Punjab" has been
India to refer to the eastern part of the present Punjab
state, while in
Pakistan it means the eastern part of Pakistan's
Punjab province , although Pakistanis also sometimes refer to the
current Indian Punjab as "East Punjab". Terms East and West Punjab
are also often used in modern
Pakistan when making a
comparison between the two territories.
There are 22 districts in the State of Punjab.
* ^ A B "
Shimla Then & Now". Indus Publishing. 1 January 1996 –
via Google Books.
* ^ "Salient features of the act" (PDF). Retrieved 9 February 2013.
* ^ S. Gajrani, History, Religion and Culture of
India (2004), p.
* ^ "Punjab Legislative Assembly".
* ^ "Ties will grow, says Indian Punjab CM". 31 January 2004.
India on 26 January 1950
PART A STATES
* East Punjab
PART B STATES
Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Patiala and East Punjab States Union
PART C STATES
PART D STATES
* Andaman and Nicob