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The EAST MIDLANDS is one of nine official regions of England
England
at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. The eastern part of the Midlands , it consists of Derbyshire , Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, Lincolnshire (except North and North east Lincolnshire), Northamptonshire , Nottinghamshire and Rutland .

The region has an area of 15,627 km2 (6,034 sq mi), and was home to over 4.5 million people in 2011. There are four principal urban centres, Derby
Derby
, Leicester
Leicester
, Northampton
Northampton
and Nottingham
Nottingham
; and a number of next tier centres including Boston , Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, Corby , Grantham
Grantham
, Hinckley
Hinckley
, Kettering
Kettering
, Lincoln , Loughborough
Loughborough
, Mansfield
Mansfield
, and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
. The region's relative proximity to London
London
and its connectivity on the national motorway and trunk road networks help the East Midlands
East Midlands
thrive as an economic hub. The region's principal airport is East Midlands Airport located ≤20km (≤12.5 miles) from Ashby, Derby, Ilkeston, Loughborough
Loughborough
and Nottingham.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Geology * 1.2 Environment * 1.3 Forestry

* 2 Governance * 3 Population and settlement

* 4 Transport

* 4.1 Road * 4.2 Airports * 4.3 Railway * 4.4 Water * 4.5 Transport policy

* 5 History

* 5.1 Romans * 5.2 Danelaw and the Anglo-Saxons * 5.3 Civil War * 5.4 Scientific heritage * 5.5 Culture * 5.6 Industrial heritage * 5.7 Second
Second
World War * 5.8 Regional governance

* 6 Demographics

* 6.1 Social deprivation * 6.2 Elections * 6.3 Eurostat NUTS

* 7 Local government * 8 MEPs

* 9 Economy

* 9.1 Manufacturing * 9.2 Construction and building materials * 9.3 Textiles and clothing * 9.4 Retail * 9.5 Food processing * 9.6 Healthcare * 9.7 High technology * 9.8 Finance * 9.9 Rural * 9.10 Entertainment

* 10 Education

* 10.1 Secondary education * 10.2 Top twenty state schools in the East Midlands
East Midlands
(2015 A-level results) * 10.3 Universities

* 11 Sports

* 11.1 Football * 11.2 Rugby Union * 11.3 Cricket * 11.4 Basketball * 11.5 Motorsport * 11.6 Swimming

* 12 Local media

* 12.1 Television * 12.2 Radio * 12.3 Newspapers * 12.4 Magazines

* 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The high point at 636 m (2,087 ft) is Kinder Scout , in the Peak District of the southern Pennines in northwest Derbyshire near Glossop . Other upland, hilly areas of 95 to 280 m (312 to 919 ft) in altitude, together with lakes and reservoirs, rise in and around the Charnwood Forest north of Leicester
Leicester
, and in the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds .

The region's major rivers, the Nene , the Soar , the Trent and the Welland , flow in a northeasterly direction towards the Humber
Humber
and the Wash . The Derwent , conversely, rises in the High Peak before flowing south to join the Trent some 2 miles (3 km) before its conflux with the Soar. Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, next to the Trent, and Waitrose, in Newark-on-Trent

The centre of the East Midlands
East Midlands
area lies roughly between Bingham , Nottinghamshire and Bottesford , Leicestershire. The geographical centre of England
England
lies in Higham on the Hill in west Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, close to the boundary between the East and West Midlands. Some 88% of the land is rural in character, although agriculture accounts for less than three per cent of the region's jobs.

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is the only maritime county of the six, with a true North Sea coastline of about 30 miles (48 km) due to the protection afforded by Spurn Head and the North Norfolk foreshore. Church Flatts Farm in Coton in the Elms , South Derbyshire, is the furthest place from the sea in the UK (70 miles, 110 km). In April 1936 the first Ordnance Survey trig point was sited at Cold Ashby in Northamptonshire.

The Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts and The Wildlife Trusts are based next to the River Trent
River Trent
and Newark Castle railway station. The National Centre for Earth Observation is at the University of Leicester.

GEOLOGY

The region is home to large quantities of limestone , and the East Midlands Oil Province . Charnwood Forest is noted for its abundant levels of volcanic rock, estimated to be approximately 600 million years old.

25% of the UK's cement is manufactured in the region at three large sites in Hope and Tunstead in Derbyshire, and in Ketton Cement
Cement
Works in Rutland . Of the aggregates that are produced in the region, 25% is from Derbyshire and 4-% is from Leicestershire. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Nottinghamshire each produce around 30% of the region's sand and gravel output.

Barwell
Barwell
in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
had Britain's largest meteorite (7 kg, 15 lb) on 24 December 1965. The 2008 Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
earthquake was 5.2 magnitude .

ENVIRONMENT

Areas of the East Midlands
East Midlands
designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Conservation Areas include:

* Charnwood Forest * Coversand Heaths * Derbyshire Peak Fringe and Lower Derwent * Humberhead Levels * Leighland Forest * The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Limewoods and Heaths* The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Coast * The Peak District * Rockingham Forest * Sherwood Forest * Rutland , SW Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and N Northamptonshire * The Wash
The Wash

Major Oak in Sherwood Forest; a traditional landmark of the Northeast Midlands and Southern Yorkshire.

Areas of the East Midlands
East Midlands
designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Enhancement Areas include:

* The Coalfields * The Daventry Grasslands * The Fens * The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Coastal Grazing Marshes * The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds * The National Forest * The Yardley-Whittlewood Ridge

Two nationally designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty include:

* The Peak District * The Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds

FORESTRY

Several towns in the southern part of the region, including Market Harborough, Desborough, Rothwell, Corby, Kettering, Thrapston, Oundle and Stamford, lie within the boundaries of what was once Rockingham Forest – a designated royal forest . Rockingham Forest was designated as a royal hunting forest by William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
, and was long used by English kings and queens.

The National Forest is an environmental project in central England run by The National Forest Company. Areas of north Leicestershire, south Derbyshire and southeast Staffordshire, covering around 200 square miles (520 km2; 52,000 ha), are being planted, in an attempt to blend ancient woodland with new plantings to create a new national forest. It stretches from the western outskirts of Leicester
Leicester
in the east to Burton upon Trent in the west, and is planned to link the ancient forests of Needwood and Charnwood.

Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire attracts many visitors, and is perhaps best known for its ties with the legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
.

GOVERNANCE

Regional financial funding decisions for the East Midlands
East Midlands
are taken by East Midlands Councils , based in Melton Mowbray . East Midlands Councils is not an elected body; it is made up of representatives of local government in the region.

The East Midlands Development Agency was headquartered next to the BBC
BBC
's East Midlands
East Midlands
office in Nottingham, and made financial decisions regarding economic development in the region.

However, since the Conservative-Lib-Dem coalition Government began spending cuts after their success in the 2010 General Election , regional bodies such as those held by the Regional Development Agencies have been devolved to smaller groups now on a County level. As a region today, there is no overriding body with significant financial or planning powers for the East Midlands.

POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT

ENGLAND

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of England
England

Governance

* Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II

* Ministerial departments of the UK Government Specific to England
England
Communities and Local Government Education Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Health Primarily involving England
England
Transport Culture, Media and Sport * West Lothian question * Devolution proposals

Regions

* East Midlands * East of England
England
* Greater London
Greater London
* North East * North West * South East * South West * West Midlands * Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and the Humber
Humber

Law and justice

* Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* Courts of England
England
and Wales
Wales
* English law

England
England
in the UK

* Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Elections in England
England
Constituencies Current Westminster MPs

England
England
in the EU

* UK elections to the European Parliament * European Parliament constituencies in England
England
East of England
England
East Midlands
East Midlands
London
London
North East England
England
North West England
England
South East England
England
South West England
England
West Midlands Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and the Humber
Humber

Administrative divisions

* Local government in England
England
* Greater London
Greater London
Greater London
Greater London
Authority London
London
boroughs * Counties Districts * Metropolitan counties Metropolitan districts * Unitary authorities * Combined authorities * Civil parishes

* Other countries * Atlas

* v * t * e

Further information: See the lists by population of settlements in Derbyshire , Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, Northamptonshire , Nottinghamshire and Rutland

The East Midlands' largest settlements are Leicester
Leicester
, Nottingham
Nottingham
, Derby
Derby
, Northampton
Northampton
, Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, Lincoln , Mansfield
Mansfield
, Loughborough
Loughborough
and Kettering
Kettering
. Leicester
Leicester
is the largest city in the region, whilst the Nottingham
Nottingham
Urban Area is its largest urban conurbation .

TRANSPORT

9% of all jobs in the region are in logistics . Traffic in the region is growing at 2% per year – the highest growth rate of all regions in the United Kingdom. It has been estimated that there are approximately 140,000 heavy goods vehicle journeys made inside the region each day.

ROAD

The M1 (part of the E13 European route) serves the four largest urban areas in the region, namely Northampton
Northampton
, Leicester
Leicester
, Derby
Derby
and Nottingham
Nottingham
, and affords a motorway link between London
London
and Yorkshire .

To the east of the largest cities lies the A1 (part of the E15 European route), an important route for journeys to and from ports on England's northeast coast and the capital, and is a major artery for the United Kingdom's agricultural industry.

The A46 follows the Fosse Way
Fosse Way
which, since Roman times, has provided a connection between the southwestern and northeastern parts of England.

The A43 dual carriageway connects the East Midlands
East Midlands
with the M40 motorway corridor and on to the South of England
England
and Solent ports.

The historically important A5 runs along the south west Leicestershire
Leicestershire
boundary to the south of Lutterworth
Lutterworth
and Hinckley
Hinckley
.

AIRPORTS

East Midlands Airport (looking west)

East Midlands Airport in North West Leicestershire
Leicestershire
is situated in proximity to the region's largest cities; some 14 miles from the centres of Derby
Derby
and Nottingham
Nottingham
, with central Leicester
Leicester
being half as far again. The airport is the region's biggest public airport, used by over 4 million passengers per year.

Rivalry between the region's three biggest cities has led to a long-running discussion about the identity of both the airport, and region, with The East Midlands
East Midlands
rarely found on any non-political map of the UK. The name was at one point changed to Nottingham
Nottingham
East Midlands Airport so as to include the name of the city that is supposedly most internationally recognisable, mainly due to the Robin Hood legend. However, the airport has a Derby
Derby
phone number and postcode, and is in Leicestershire, but is officially assigned to Nottingham
Nottingham
by IATA . As a result of the dispute the name was soon changed back, to now include all city names. Air cargo aircraft at EMA

Three of the world's four main international airfreight companies (integrators) have their UK operations at EMA: DHL
DHL
, UPS and TNT (TNT bought by UPS); FedEx
FedEx
have theirs at Stansted. It is the second-largest freight airport in the UK after Heathrow, but most freight from EMA is carried on dedicated planes, whereas most freight from Heathrow is carried on passenger planes (bellyhold). Royal Mail have their main airport hubs at Heathrow and EMA, as EMA is conveniently near the M1 , A42 and A50 . Heathrow takes around 60% of UK air freight, and EMA around 10%, with Stansted, Manchester
Manchester
and Gatwick next. Air freight has grown at EMA from 1994–2004 from around 10,000 tonnes to over 250,000 tonnes; previously it did not have much air freight. The main hours of cargo flying are from 8 pm to 5 am; domestic cargo flies into the airport in the evening, then from 11:30 pm to 1:30 am cargo flies to European capitals, then from 3 am to 5 am cargo flies from Europe to EMA. It is the UK's 12th largest passenger airport; the runway is the UK's sixth-longest at 2,900 metres (9,500 ft). Royal Mail
Royal Mail
flights from EMA go to Belfast, Edinburgh, Inverness, Aberdeen, Newcastle, Exeter and Bournemouth, and it is the largest UK Royal Mail
Royal Mail
air hub, with 11 flights per night. DHL
DHL
is the main route carrier at EMA by far with 20 flights per night, UPS have 6, and TNT have 2 (Belfast and Liège); for hubs in Europe, DHL
DHL
flies to Leipzig, UPS to Cologne, and TNT at Liege.

Smaller airports include Retford Gamston Airport , Nottingham
Nottingham
Airport , Leicester
Leicester
Airport , Hucknall Airfield , Sywell Aerodrome , and Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome . Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Airport Doncaster Sheffield lies just outside the East Midlands, in South Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, but is within the historic boundaries of Nottinghamshire.

RAILWAY

Newark North Gate railway station

Two of the United Kingdom's mainline railways serve the region: the Midland Main Line and the East Coast Main Line , providing services terminating at London
London
St Pancras railway station and London
London
King\'s Cross railway station respectively. Both operators provide regular high-speed services to London
London
, at up to 125 mph (200 km/h), serving Wellingborough
Wellingborough
, Kettering
Kettering
, Corby , Market Harborough
Harborough
, Leicester
Leicester
, Loughborough
Loughborough
, Derby
Derby
, East Midlands
East Midlands
Parkway , Nottingham
Nottingham
, Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, Grantham
Grantham
, Newark North Gate and Retford . Northampton and Long Buckby are served by the Northampton
Northampton
Loop of the West Coast Main Line . England's primary southwest to northeast Cross Country Route runs through Derby. Worksop , Mansfield
Mansfield
, Lincoln , Matlock , Melton Mowbray , Skegness
Skegness
, Boston , Spalding and Oakham are served by regional services.

A land speed record for trains was broken in the region. Although the record was set in 1938, the current world speed record for steam trains is held by LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard , which clocked 126 mph (203 km/h) between Grantham
Grantham
and Peterborough , pulling six coaches on the East Coast Main Line near Little Bytham in Lincolnshire, on 3 July 1938. The Mallard record was not broken by any BR train until 6 June 1973 when an HST between Northallerton and Thirsk reached 131 mph (211 km/h); Mallard in 1938 had 6 carriages and a dynamometer car . The national speed record (pre- High Speed 1 ) for electric trains of 162 mph (261 km/h) was set on the same stretch as the Mallard record on 17 September 1989 by Class 91 91010 (now painted with the livery of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight ).

There are currently plans to bring a new high-speed rail line through the East Midlands
East Midlands
as part of the High Speed 2 project. Phase 2 of this project would see a new line connecting Birmingham
Birmingham
to Leeds
Leeds
, with a proposed station in Toton known as the East Midlands
East Midlands
Hub .

WATER

_ The River Trent
River Trent
at the former High Marnham Power Station , next to the 1897 Fledborough Viaduct ; the power station, built in 1959, was Europe's first 1000MW coal power station (5 x 200MW) and consumed coal from 17 collieries; the area is the largest collection of power stations in Europe, being known as Kilowatt Valley_

The Trent is a navigable river , and is used to transport goods to the Humber
Humber
, as well as passing by many power stations. The Trent is the only river in England
England
to be able to support cooling water for power stations for most of its length; it has the largest water capacity in England, although it is not the longest.

Several rivers in the region gave their name to early Rolls-Royce jet engines, namely the Nene , the Welland , and the Soar .

TRANSPORT POLICY

As part of the transport planning system, the now defunct Regional Assembly was under statutory requirement to produce a Regional Transport Strategy to provide long term planning for transport in the region. This involved region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by the Highways Agency and Network Rail .

Within the region, local transport authorities carry out transport planning through the use of a Local Transport Plan (LTP) , which outlines their strategies, policies and implementation programme. The most recent LTP is that for the period 2006–11. In the East Midlands region the following transport authorities have published their LTP online: Derbyshire , Leicestershire
Leicestershire
. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, Northamptonshire , Nottinghamshire and Rutland U.A. The unitary authorities of Derby
Derby
, Leicester
Leicester
and Nottingham
Nottingham
have each written a joint LTP in collaboration with their respective local county councils.

HISTORY

ROMANS

A historical basis for such an area exists in the territory of the Corieltauvi tribe. When the Romans took control of the region, they made Leicester
Leicester
one of their main forts (then named Ratae Corieltauvorum ). The main town in the region in Roman times was Lincoln , at the confluence of the Fosse Way
Fosse Way
and Ermine Street . The Five Boroughs of the Danelaw

DANELAW AND THE ANGLO-SAXONS

The region also corresponds to the later Five Boroughs of the Danelaw , and the eastern half of the Anglian Kingdom of Mercia. In around 917 the region was subdivided between Danelaw (Vikings) to the north, and Mercia (Saxons) to the south. By 920, this border was moved further north to the River Humber
Humber
. Evidence of the Danelaw can be seen in place-name endings of the region's villages, particularly towards the east. The Danes under Canute recaptured the area from around 1016 to 1035.

CIVIL WAR

Two main battles in the English Civil War were the Battle of Naseby in northern Northamptonshire on 14 June 1645, and the Battle of Winceby on 11 October 1643 in eastern Lincolnshire.

SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE

Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
, born in Grantham
Grantham
in 1642 is perhaps the most prolific scientist ever. His accomplishments include Calculus , Newton\'s laws of motion , and Newton\'s law of universal gravitation among many other. There is a shopping centre named in his honour in Grantham. Thomas Simpson from Leicestershire
Leicestershire
is known for his Simpson\'s rule ; Roger Cotes invented the concept of the radian in 1714, but the term was not named until 1873.

Henry Cavendish , loosely connected with Derbyshire, discovered hydrogen in 1766 (although the element's name came from Antoine Lavoisier ), and Cavendish was the first to estimate an accurate mass of the Earth in 1798 in his Cavendish experiment . The Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge is named after a relative . Herbert Spencer
Herbert Spencer
coined the term "survival of the fittest " in 1864, which was once strongly linked with social Darwinism . Sir John Flamsteed was the first Astronomer Royal
Astronomer Royal
of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich in 1675. Robert Bakewell , of Dishley in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and known for his English Leicester
Leicester
sheep , invented selective breeding ; his English Longhorn were the first ever cattle bred for beef .

George Boole , pioneer of Boolean logic (upon which all digital electronics and computers depend), was born in Lincoln in 1815. The application of Boole's theory to digital circuit design would come in 1937 by Claude Shannon . Boole's grandson, the physicist G. I. Taylor , made significant experimental contributions to quantum mechanics . The first practical demonstration of radar was near Daventry in 1935. Robert Robinson , of Chesterfield
Chesterfield
in Derbyshire, invented the circular symbol in 1925 for the pi bonds of the benzene ring, as found on all structural diagrams of aromatic compounds . Nicola Pellow , a maths undergraduate at Leicester
Leicester
Polytechnic, whilst at CERN in November 1990, wrote the world's second web browser.

Silicone was invented 1899 by Prof Frederick Kipping at University College, Nottingham. Michael Creeth of Northampton
Northampton
discovered the hydrogen-bonding mechanism between DNA bases , allowing the structure of DNA to be discovered. Nottinghamshire's Ken Richardson was in charge of the team at Pfizer in Sandwich, Kent that in 1981 discovered Fluconazole (Diflucan), the world's leading antifungal medicine , especially useful for people with weakened immune systems , and has few side effects; he is now one of the few Britons in the National Inventors Hall of Fame . Don Grierson at the University of Nottingham was the first to invent a GM tomato , which was the first GM food on sale in the UK, and the USA.

Louis Essen , a physicist from Nottingham, made advances in the quartz clock in the 1930s at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, to produce the quartz ring clock in 1938, and the caesium clock, known as the atomic clock , in 1955. During the war he invented the cavity resonance wavemeter to find the first accurate value of the speed of light. The atomic clock works on differences in magnetic spin . Before Essen's invention, the second was defined on the orbit of the Earth around the Sun ; he changed it in 1967 to be based on the hyperfine structure of the caesium-133 atom. Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), in Paris, takes the average of 300 atomic clocks around the world. Steep Hill in Lincoln Fox hunting is historically linked with the East Midlands
East Midlands

CULTURE

See also: East Midlands English , English language in England
England
§ East Midlands , and Received Pronunciation § History

The East Midlands
East Midlands
colloquially use a distinctive form of spoken dialect and accent in some areas. It also has some history in the beginnings of Received Pronunciation and southern England
England
accents. The above links expand on these in detail.

The area is known historically for its food, examples of which include Red Leicester
Leicester
, the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
sausage , the Melton Mowbray pork pie , Stilton , the Bakewell tart , and the Bramley apple .

D. H. Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence
is perhaps the region's best known author, although only gained full recognition in the late twentieth century. The Key Words Reading Scheme (_Peter and Jane_) was first produced in 1964 by Ladybird of Loughborough, being still all in print, helped many children to read; the books were the idea of Douglas Keen of Heanor , which got going in 1948; the first book was _British Birds and Their Nests_. Ladybird Books were published in Loughborough
Loughborough
throughout their 1960s and 1970s heyday, with the site closing 1998.

William Booth
William Booth
of Nottingham
Nottingham
founded The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army
in 1865. Another religious order, the Pilgrim Fathers , originated from Babworth
Babworth
near Retford . The Quakers
Quakers
, also known as the Religious Society of Friends, were founded by Leicestershire-born (Fenny Drayton ) George Fox , who had inspiration whilst living in Mansfield
Mansfield
in 1647. Thomas Cranmer from Aslockton made the Book of Common Prayer .

Joseph Wright of Derby
Derby
an artist whose paintings symbolised the struggle between science and religious values in the Age of Enlightenment. He was also suggested to be "the first professional painter to express the spirit of the Industrial Revolution".

Charles Frederick Worth , born in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
in 1825, is considered to be the founder of Parisian _haute couture _, and thought be world's first true fashion designer.

INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE

The region can claim the world's first factory, Sir Richard Arkwright 's Cromford Mill . Additionally, the world's oldest working factory can also be found in the area, producing textiles at Lea Bridge , owned by John Smedley . Both sites are part of the region's only World Heritage Site , the Derwent Valley Mills . An opportunist employee of the Derbyshire textile factories, Samuel Slater of Belper saw his chance and (illegally) eloped in 1789 to Rhode Island
Rhode Island
in the USA after memorising the layout of the textile machinery while working at Jedediah Strutt 's Milford Mill. He was warmly welcomed by the inhabitants of the newly formed USA, so much so that he was later named the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution ".

Britain's hosiery and knitwear industry was largely based in the region, and in the 1980s it had more textile workers than any other British region. The stocking frame was invented 1587 in Calverton, Nottinghamshire by Rev William Lee ; these were the first known knitting machines and heralded the industrial revolution by providing the necessary machinery. The world's first (horse-powered) cotton mill was built in central Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1768. Marvel\'s Mill in Northampton was the first cotton mill to be powered by water.

John Barber of Nottinghamshire had invented a simple gas turbine in 1791 (when living in Nuneaton ). Lincoln was the site of the first tank (first built on 8 September 1915, Little Willie was the first tank, and is the oldest surviving tank in the world, originally called the No.1 Lincoln Machine), and Grantham
Grantham
the first diesel engine (in 1892). The jet engine was first developed in the region in Lutterworth and Whetstone , with the VTOL
VTOL
engine also (initially) developed in Hucknall . The first jet aircraft flew from RAF Cranwell in May 1941. During the Second
Second
World War, Derby
Derby
was an important strategic location, as it was in Derby
Derby
that Rolls-Royce developed and manufactured their iconic Merlin aero-engine. During the Second
Second
World War, all of R-R's engineering staff had been transferred to Belper.

Derby
Derby
was also home to an important railway workshop, initially for the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
, then the London, Midland and Scottish Railway , and finally British Railways . British Rail Research Division in Derby invented the APT and Maglev
Maglev
. The first ever steel rails were laid in 1857 in Derby
Derby
railway station for the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
.

At its height, Corby Steelworks were the largest in Britain. The collapsible baby buggy was invented in 1965 at Barby, Northamptonshire by Owen Maclaren . Ford's £8 million Daventry Parts Distribution Centre (Ford Parts Centre) was fully opened on 6 September 1972 (the first southern section opened in 1968), and was the UK's largest building by floor area for many years at 36.7 acres (149,000 m2), and is situated opposite the Cummins
Cummins
factory. See also: History of photographic lens design

The largest camera in the world was built in 1957 in Derby
Derby
for Rolls-Royce, which weighed 27 tonnes and was around 8 feet (2.4 m) high, 8 feet (2.4 m) wide and 35 feet (11 m) long, with a 63-inch (1,600 mm) lens made by Cooke Apochromatic . Cooke Optics and Taylor-Hobson
Taylor-Hobson
were major supplier of lenses for Hollywood; Star Wars was filmed with their lenses, filmed in England. Horace W. Lee invented the inverted telephoto lens (known as the Angénieux retrofocus ) in 1931, lengthening the back focal length of the camera for the 1930s Technicolor Process and for vignetting . Arthur Warmisham of Taylor & Hobson invented the first non-telescopic 35 mm zoom lens , the Cooke Varo 40– 120mm Lens, in a camera manufactured by Bell traffic lights would be introduced only from the 1920s in London
London
(from an American-led design scheme). Edgar Purnell Hooley , a Nottinghamshire surveyor, in 1901 was in Denby and found a stretch of road surface that was smooth from an accidental leak of tar over the surface. He patented a process of mixing tar with chipped stones in 1902, forming Tarmac
Tarmac
, a name which he patented. Radcliffe Road (A6011) in West Bridgford in 1902 was the first tarmac road (5 miles or 8.0 kilometres long) in the world.

Mettoy was a famous firm in the St James area of Northampton, which from 1933 produced Corgi toys (mostly made in Swansea and designed in Northampton), and in the 1970s it made the space hopper ; the company collapsed in 1983, moving to Swansea. In Leicestershire
Leicestershire
was Palitoy , another world-famous firm in Coalville; General Mills bought it in 1968 and production ceased in 1984, and the site was closed by Hasbro in 1994. Pedigree Dolls Plessey invented a model of the integrated circuit in 1957. It was later a site for manufacturing monolithic microwave integrated circuits in the 1990s by Marconi Materials Technology . The site was Plessey's main research site during the Second
Second
World War and also known as the Allen Clark Research Centre .

Torksey railway viaduct , built across the Trent in 1849, is considered to be the first box girder bridge , designed by Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet . The tallest freestanding structure in the region is the chimney of West Burton power station (north Nottinghamshire) at 200 m (656 ft). Nottingham
Nottingham
Combined Heating and Power Scheme is the largest district heating system in the UK, centred on the Eastcroft incinerator, built in 1972; it serves a leisure centre and both of the city's shopping centres. The 72 ft Nunn\'s Bridge across Hobhole Drain at Fishtoft , designed by LG Mouchel , was the first pre-stressed concrete bridge built in-situ in the UK, in 1948, built for the Witham Fourth District IDB .

SECOND WORLD WAR

See also: Strategic bombing during World War II

Most of the region was protected by a solitary RAF station, RAF Digby near Sleaford , part of No. 12 Group RAF and controlled from RAF Watnall . Within the East Midlands, only Nottingham
Nottingham
was heavily bombed during the Second
Second
World War's Blitz , due to the presence of a large Royal Ordnance factory . However, much of the aerial obliteration of Germany was directed from the region, with two bomber groups based in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(No.1 and No.5 ), and a few squadrons in South Nottinghamshire.

REGIONAL GOVERNANCE

The current government office region was created in 1994. Government funding decisions moved from Melton Mowbray (the East Midlands Regional Assembly ) to Nottingham
Nottingham
(the East Midlands
East Midlands
Development Agency ) in April 2010.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Watford Gap services , Britain's first motorway service station , opened in November 1959

For teenage pregnancy rates in the region, of top-tier authorities, Nottingham
Nottingham
has the highest rate. For council districts, Corby has the highest rate. For top-tier authorities, Rutland has the lowest rate, and the lowest rate for any district in England. The council district with the lowest rate is South Northamptonshire , although it has a rate greater than that of Rutland. Rutland has the highest total fertility rate for British counties (top-tier authorities). The borough of Boston has the highest TFR for district councils.

The region has the second lowest overall population density in England
England
(after South West England
England
), largely due to the low population density of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Rutland . In 2007, the region had a lower percentage of degree-educated people than the English average. 29.5% of the region's population live in rural areas.

SOCIAL DEPRIVATION

The region as a whole is less deprived than the West Midlands and regions in the North of England
England
. By measurement of Lower Layer Super Output Areas , the East Midlands
East Midlands
has more in common with the South of England
England
(except London) than the North, in that it has more areas in the twenty percent least deprived areas than the twenty percent most deprived areas, but less so than regions in Southern England
England
. This has been explained by academic statisticians, who claim the area straddles the north–south divide .

The region does not show typical economic characteristics of Northern England
England
(which the West Midlands does), although it is not as affluent as large parts of the South. Economically, the East Midlands
East Midlands
bears similarity to South West England
England
.

In March 2011, the average unemployment claimant count for the region was 3.6%. Nottingham
Nottingham
and Leicester
Leicester
were the highest with 5.8% each. Next were Corby and Lincoln with 4.9%. The lowest were Rutland and South Northamptonshire with 1.4% each, and Harborough
Harborough
, with 1.6%.

ELECTIONS

The East Midlands Conference Centre
East Midlands Conference Centre
at the University of Nottingham
Nottingham

In the 2015 general election , 43% of the region's electorate voted Conservative, 32% Labour, 16% UKIP, 6% Liberal Democrat and 3% Green. The division of seats is less equally spread, with 32 Conservative and 14 Labour, and the geographic spread is even more weighted towards the Conservatives, with Labour's 14 seats being in Derby
Derby
(1), Leicester (3), Nottingham
Nottingham
(4) and the East Midlands
East Midlands
coalfield (6) – most of these, except Leicester, are in the area defined as the economic North of England, and are in geographically smaller seats. Northamptonshire, Rutland and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
are completely Conservative. The region had a 0.2% swing from Labour to Conservative.

In the 2009 European elections , 30% voted Conservative, 17% Labour, 16% UKIP, and 12% Liberal Democrat. Also in 2009, Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire county councils changed control from Labour to Conservative. From 1993 to 2005 Northampton
Northampton
was controlled by Labour, and is now Conservative-controlled. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Leicestershire have historically been Conservative-controlled and hence all the main county councils are now Conservative-controlled.

* v * t * e

Constituencies in the East Midlands
East Midlands
(46)

CONSERVATIVE (31)

* Amber Valley * Boston and Skegness
Skegness
* Bosworth * Broxtowe * Charnwood * Corby * Daventry * Derbyshire Dales * Erewash * Gainsborough * Grantham
Grantham
and Stamford * Harborough
Harborough
* Kettering
Kettering
* Loughborough
Loughborough
* Louth and Horncastle * Mansfield
Mansfield
* Mid Derbyshire * Newark * Northampton
Northampton
North * Northampton
Northampton
South * North East Derbyshire * North West Leicestershire
Leicestershire
* Rushcliffe * Rutland and Melton * Sherwood * Sleaford and North Hykeham * South Derbyshire * South Holland and The Deepings * South Leicestershire
Leicestershire
* South Northamptonshire * Wellingborough
Wellingborough

LABOUR (15)

* Ashfield * Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
* Bolsover * Chesterfield
Chesterfield
* Derby
Derby
North * Derby
Derby
South * Gedling * High Peak * Leicester
Leicester
East * Leicester
Leicester
South * Leicester
Leicester
West * Lincoln * Nottingham
Nottingham
East * Nottingham
Nottingham
North * Nottingham
Nottingham
South

* EAST MIDLANDS European constituency: Conservative (2) * Labour (1) * UKIP (2)

EUROSTAT NUTS

In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), the East Midlands
East Midlands
form a level-1 NUTS region, coded "UKF", which is subdivided as follows:

NUTS 1 CODE NUTS 2 CODE NUTS 3 CODE

East Midlands UKF Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire UKF1 Derby
Derby
UKF11

East Derbyshire ( Bolsover , Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, North East Derbyshire ) UKF12

South and West Derbyshire ( Amber Valley , Derbyshire Dales , Erewash , High Peak , South Derbyshire ) UKF13

Nottingham
Nottingham
UKF14

North Nottinghamshire ( Ashfield , Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw
, Mansfield
Mansfield
, Newark and Sherwood ) UKF15

South Nottinghamshire ( Broxtowe , Gedling , Rushcliffe ) UKF16

Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, Rutland and Northamptonshire UKF2 Leicester
Leicester
UKF21

Leicestershire
Leicestershire
CC and Rutland UKF22

West Northamptonshire ( Northampton
Northampton
, Daventry and South Northamptonshire ) UKF24

North Northamptonshire (East Northamptonshire , Corby , Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Kettering
Kettering
) UKF25

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
UKF3 Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
CC UKF30

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The official region consists of the following subdivisions:

MAP CEREMONIAL COUNTY Shire county /unitary DISTRICTS

_ Derbyshire 1. Derbyshire a_) High Peak , _b_) Derbyshire Dales , _c_) South Derbyshire , _d_) Erewash , _e_) Amber Valley , _f_) North East Derbyshire , _g_) Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, _h_) Bolsover

2. Derby
Derby
U.A.

Nottinghamshire 3. Nottinghamshire _a_) Rushcliffe , _b_) Broxtowe , _c_) Ashfield , _d_) Gedling , _e_) Newark and Sherwood , _f_) Mansfield
Mansfield
, _g_) Bassetlaw
Bassetlaw

4. Nottingham
Nottingham
U.A.

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
(part only) 5. Lincolnshire _a_) Lincoln , _b_) North Kesteven
North Kesteven
, _c_) South Kesteven
South Kesteven
, _d_) South Holland , _e_) Boston , _f_) East Lindsey
East Lindsey
, _g_) West Lindsey
West Lindsey

Leicestershire
Leicestershire
6. Leicestershire _a_) Charnwood , _b_) Melton , _c_) Harborough
Harborough
, _d_) Oadby and Wigston , _e_) Blaby , _f_) Hinckley
Hinckley
and Bosworth , _g_) North West Leicestershire
Leicestershire

7. Leicester
Leicester
U.A.

8. Rutland

9. Northamptonshire _a_) South Northamptonshire , _b_) Northampton
Northampton
, _c_) Daventry , _d_) Wellingborough
Wellingborough
, _e_) Kettering
Kettering
, _f_) Corby , _g_) East Northamptonshire

MEPS

Further information: East Midlands
East Midlands
( European Parliament constituency)

The East Midlands
East Midlands
is a five-member constituency for the European Parliament .

ECONOMY

The Manufacturing Advisory Service for the region is based on the A606 in Melton Mowbray , next to East Midlands Councils .

MANUFACTURING

The jet engine was built and developed in the region

In 2003, 23% of economic output in the East Midlands
East Midlands
was in manufacturing, compared to 15% in the UK.

For engineering, Rolls-Royce (the world's second-largest maker of aero engines ) in Sinfin and Rolls-Royce Marine Power Operations are both in Derby. Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery (former GEC , then Alstom
Alstom
) make industrial gas turbines in Lincoln, with a former division making aero-engine components now part of ITP Engines UK, based at Whetstone , next door to Hardinge Machine Tools UK (former Bridgeport ). Triumph Motorcycles and Ultima Sports (sports cars ) are in Hinckley
Hinckley
. Cummins
Cummins
make diesel engines in Daventry , and build AC generators in Stamford , with its spares division at Wellingborough (near Mahle). At the north of Motorsport Valley, Cosworth and MAHLE Powertrain (former Cosworth Technology before January 2005) are next to the Nene in Northampton, with an engine block plant off the A509 in Wellingborough. Force India
Force India
and Delta Motorsport are at Silverstone
Silverstone
, Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains is in Brixworth , and Mercedes-Benz in Formula One at Brackley. Near Leicester, Noble are in Barwell
Barwell
and Fenix Automotive in Braunstone. Eibach Federn UK (shock absorbers) is off the B581 in Broughton Astley . KTM
KTM
UK (high-performance motorcycles) is at Buckingham Industrial Estate in southeast Brackley next to the A43; to the west, next door over the former railway is Brawn GP (former Honda F1 before 2008) near the A422 roundabout in Evenley . Ducati
Ducati
UK (performance motorcycles) is on the Silverstone
Silverstone
Technology Park .

JCB Power Systems is on an old airfield near Foston, Derbyshire and nearby Toyota Manufacturing UK (TMUK) is on an old airfield at Burnaston ; 3.25 million cars have been built at Burnaston since 1992. DeltaRail Group is in Derby
Derby
and Bombardier UK (former BREL
BREL
before 1996 then ABB Adtranz
Adtranz
) is Britain's only train manufacturer left, and is in Litchurch ; it built the Nottingham
Nottingham
Express Transit trams in 2004, the Electrostar and Turbostar fleet, and London
London
Underground trains . South of the factory is Pattonair , a global aircraft components supplier. APPH (part of BBA Aviation ) make aircraft landing gear on the B6020 next to Kirkby-in- Ashfield railway station . Raleigh Bicycle Company , although has had its manufacturing in the Far East for over ten years, is based in New Eastwood next to the A610; its former site on Triumph Road is now the quirkily designed Jubilee Campus of the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
which has the UK's tallest sculpture (52 m, 171 ft, _Aspire _. Essentra Packaging (former Payne) nearby in Giltbrook, next to A610 near the A6096/B6010 junction next to IKEA , makes tear tape , owned by Essentra , former Filtrona ; Beamlight Automotive Seating (former site of Magna Seating Systems ) is nearby. Giant UK (high performance bicycles) on the Charnwood Edge Business Park at the A46/A607 junction in Cossington near the Midland Main Line and River Wreake . Mettler Toledo UK (industrial weighing ) is in the west of Beaumont Leys.

Ferodo is in Chapel-en-le-Frith , who have made brake pads since its founder Herbert Frood invented them in Combs in 1897. Carbolite , which makes industrial furnaces, is based near the B6049/A6187 junction in the Hope Valley . FRAM Industrial (former Eurofilter and part of Champion Laboratories , then UCI-FRAM Group ) make air filters for gas turbines in Mansfield
Mansfield
on Crown Farm Industrial Estate. UK Coal
Coal
(formerly RJB Mining) is based in Styrrup near Harworth

FKI who own Brush Electrical Machines is in Loughborough, home to the Energy Technologies Institute and John Taylor UK Coal is based in Harworth . Swarfega was invented and is made by Deb in Belper . Eco-Bat Technologies , based in South Darley , west of Matlock , smelt and mine lead , and are the world's biggest producer of lead , and own eighteen sites across the world.

Tata Steel Tubes Europe is in Corby, along the A427 near the A43 roundabout. Gardner Aerospace are based in north Ilkeston off the A6007. JJ Churchill make turbine blades for jet engines in the east of Market Bosworth , next to the Battlefield Line Railway . Ross Ceramics north of Derby
Derby
make ceramic cores for casting turbine blades (at Rolls Royce). The Alumasc Group is in Burton Latimer . Sealed Air UK on the Telford Way Industrial Estate near Kettering
Kettering
General Hospital makes Bubble Wrap , which its parent USA company invented in 1960. Nearby is Cooney Marine , who make stainless steel davits (marine cranes) and passerelles , and Rothenberger UK (hardware equipment). AVK Group make plumbing fittings and valves on the A6192 south of Staveley. NSK Ltd. has a bearings factory in Newark-on-Trent , its European HQ. Illuma Lighting makes industrial lighting next to the railway in Castle Donington . The Motor Industry Research Association has an important test track at Higham on the Hill near Hinckley. Hendrickson Europe make truck suspensions at Sywell Airport. Freeman Automotive (owner of EBC Brakes) are based on the A428 in the north of Northampton. Timsons make printers in Kettering
Kettering
. Heckler on the Dukeries Industrial Estate, Worksop Galvanizers ( Wedge Group ) have the largest galvanizing bath (zinc) in the UK, able to fit up to 29 metres in length. Cooper Bussmann (former Hawker Fusegear) makes electrical fuses in Burton on the Wolds off the B676. Pearce Signs, one of the UK's largest sign-makers, is based in New Basford . Nylacast is an international engineered plastics company based in Humberstone , Leicester. Sapa are at Tibshelf on the B6014, on the Saw Pit Lane Industrial Estate with Storetec, the UK base of Wanzl shopping trolleys.

RPC Group in Rushden opposite a Waitrose , on the A6, is a large (international, the largest of its type in Europe) packaging company, and make the bottles for Heinz Tomato Ketchup . Granger's, on the Clover
Clover
Nook Industrial Estate off the A38 at Pinxton , make Cherry Blossom shoe polish . Worcester, Bosch Group makes its oil-fired and floor-standing boilers at Danesmoor , off the A6175. Fusion Provida based on B6057/A61 junction in Chesterfield
Chesterfield
makes pipe jointings and electrofusion fittings for the oil and gas industry. Vaillant UK (former Hepworth Heating before 2002, with headquarters in Remscheid ) make Glow-worm boilers on the A609 near Belper School . Abel Systems in North Wingfield make demountable systems for trucks.

The Watchkeeper WK450 UAV is built jointly by Thales and Elbit on Scudamore Road in west Leicester, towards the M1; it is tested at Aberporth Airport in Wales; 54 are on order, costing £1bn. At the A563 roundabout BAE Systems Land the site, owned by Thales, initially made naval radar systems. The large Sunningdale site on Braunstone Frith was the British Shoe Corporation . Chemring Defence UK (military pyrotechnics ) is at Draycott and Church Wilne west of the M1.

Carlton Laser Services make industrial CNC lasers (for laser cutting ) next to the railway line and the A563 in Rushey Mead. Hoval UK, based on the B6166 (former A46) near Newark Northgate station, make industrial boilers in Lincoln for international customers, and have a Royal Warrant . Jayplas , the UK's biggest plastic recycling company is based in Egleton in Rutland. Fairline Boats are based on the Nene in Oundle off the A605 bypass. Pinnell until 1962 it was made by B. B. Chemical , with its other main brand being the water-resistant Prestik for making sealing strips .

Abacus Lighting is in the north of Kirkby in Ashfield, north of Sutton Parkway station; it makes street lights , floodlights , supermarket trolley shelters , and installed many of the UK's mobile phone masts . To the east is Fabrikat , a main manufacturer of lighting columns (for street lights) and railings, off the B6022 in Sutton-in-Ashfield. Ardagh (originally Metal Box from 1962, then Impress Group) make tin cans south of the A38, off the B6139, north of Fabrikat. ThyssenKrupp Elevator UK is in Lenton, off the A52, and further north is ZF Services UK (wind turbine and automotive gears). At the A6019/A453 south of the tax office in Nottingham
Nottingham
is Thomas & Betts UK (former W Ibstock is the largest brick manufacturer (900 million a year, with twenty factories) in the UK, nearby to the southwest. Lafarge Aggregates Keystone Lintels and Keylite roof windows , part of the Keystone Group , are nearby. DSF Refractories the site is also used by Massey Ferguson for their spares division factory. Terex Pegson make mobile caterpillar-tracked crushing machines next to the railway in Coalville. Dacrylate make paint in Kirkby-in-Ashfield.

Charles Lawrence International , on the Northern Road Industrial Estate in Newark makes EPDM rubber granules and machinery for maintaining artificial sports surfaces. Premier Pitches of Nether Handley , off the A6052 at Unstone in northeast Derbyshire, made the pitch for Wembley Stadium, as well as for many other main pitches. Hewitt Sportsturf, just south of Whetstone next to the M1 in Cosby , supplied the turf (360 rolls) for the Olympic Stadium in March 2011, although it was grown near Scunthorpe. ABRU , off the A6 in the south of Belper, are Britain's leading manufacturer of metal step ladders . Caunton Engineering , steel constructors, on the site of Moorgreen Colliery in Eastwood built the Olympics Water Polo Arena . PTS (part of BSS) at Crick claims to be the main provider of supplies to UK plumbers. Versalift UK (van-mounted access platforms) are at Burton Latimer. National Grid plc has its main Eakring Training Centre in Nottinghmshire, where trainees learn how to build electricity pylons , including the new T pylon .

TEXTILES AND CLOTHING

Dr Martens
Dr Martens
and many footwear companies are based in the south of the region, near Wellingborough
Wellingborough
See also: List of current and defunct clothing most of their hosiery is now made at West Mill in Belper . Speedo International Limited is on the ng2 business park on Queens Drive (near Experian, formerly in Bobbers Mill on the A610 near Basford before 2010). Its LZR Racer suit helped Michael Phelps win eight golds at the 2008 Olympics . In Enderby on the B582 close to the M69 and a large electricity substation is Next , created by George Davies in 1981, which is the largest company in the region (and the Midlands) by number of employees with 59,000, and has the second largest turnover (£3 billion) of companies headquartered in the region, after Boots (£6 billion). Boden (clothing) is on the Meridian estate in Leicester. Wolsey (clothing) is off the A563 in the northeast of Leicester, east of Rushey Mead . Monarch Knitting Machinery UK is in Beaumont Leys. Scott Nichol make traditional socks in Hinckley. HJ Hall of Hinckley
Hinckley
are a larger company, who own Pantherella , who make socks in Leicester. Per Una have a factory near Cossington and the A46/A607 junction. Much of Britain's lingerie and hosiery is made in the region. Crystal Martin UK make lingerie (for clothing chains) off the B6018 in the south of Sutton-in- Ashfield , near the A38 bypass. Wacoal Europe (former Eveden) makes lingerie on the B576 (former A6) in Desborough. Guilford Europe (former Guilford Kapwood), at Somercotes, makes fabric (warp knitting ) for sports clothing and automotive products, and have been owned by Lear Corporation since 2012.

Many footwear companies such as Shoe Zone (which bought out Stead and Simpson), are based in Leicester. Brantano Footwear UK , based in Leicester
Leicester
before 2002, is in Ellistown and Battleflat just south of Coalville near M1 junction 22, nearby to Nestlé 's national distribution centre. Loake make shoes at Kettering, and have a Royal appointment. Church\'s Shoes are at Northampton
Northampton
are also high quality and Barker Shoes are at Earls Barton. Joseph Cheaney & Sons are in Desborough near the Midland Main Line. Tricker\'s shoes in Northampton have a royal warrant. Sanders & Sanders and Grenson make shoes in Rushden. Jeffery West make shoes off the A4501 in Cliftonville, east Northampton, near Northampton
Northampton
General Hospital and the head office of Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council . Off the A428 near the hospital is Edward Green Shoes . Crockett next-door at the Trent Business Centre is Sunspel , who introduced the t-shirt to the British market; nearby Meadowmead make premium furniture off the B6540, and Aga Rangemaster Group make kitchen sinks . Duresta Upholstery is in Long Eaton, with a factory of DFS opposite. Anstey Wallpaper Company in Loughborough, makes high-end wallpaper, south of the town on the east side of the railway in the former Ladybird offices and factory. Fogarty (company) make duvets and pillows in Fishtoft , Boston, next to The Haven . Calders & Grandidge in the south of Boston are the UK's largest supplier of telegraph poles and wooden railway sleepers . W&G Sissons on the Chesterfield
Chesterfield
Est, now owned by Franke , has been the UK's largest manufacturer of stainless steel sinks since the 1950s. Leaderflush Shapland (owned by SIG plc ) make doors near the A608/A610 junction at Aldercar and Langley Mill . Parker Knoll make high-end furniture off the B6016 on the Greenhill Industrial Estate, south of Alfreton. Greene, Tweed UK (elastomers ) is in Ruddington next to Experian. Viaton makes micronised barytes at Hopton , Derbyshire.

Wild Country , on the Tideswell Industrial Estate off the B6049, are the UK's leading manufacturer of rock-climbing equipment . Trekmates (outdoor clothing) are on the B6004 in Old Basford . Equip Outdoor Technologies are west of the B600 in Somercotes, who own Lowe Alpine , Rab and Outdoor Designs (gloves). Blacks Leisure Group (previous owner of Blacks and Millets before financial failure and takeover by JD Sports ) was based in Duston , in the west of Northampton, and is now off the A45 in the east of the town. Yeomans Outdoor Leisure is south of Staveley, off the A6192 near Poolsbrook Country Park .

George at Asda , based at Lutterworth, in 2009 overtook M they also own the Fortis body armour brand and make PASGT nylon fibre helmets for troops.

RETAIL

Wilko head office is at Manton , Worksop ; it was founded by James Kemsey Wilkinson in Leicester
Leicester
in 1930. In Lenton , are the head offices of Games Workshop , the producers of Warhammer miniatures. Pendragon PLC , the car dealership and the Sherwood Park industrial area is in Annesley . Sytner Group is in Enderby, a prestige car retailer. Dunelm Group , the furnishings company, is based on the A607 next to Lafarge in Syston ; the company is named after Bill Adderley's house on Greenhill Road in Coalville; nearby is Pukka Pies . In Leicester
Leicester
is the nearly-defunct photographic equipment company Jessops , bought and relaunched as Jessops Europe by businessman Peter Jones and Fox\'s Confectionery (maker of Fox\'s Glacier Mints ), with both based near each other on the Braunstone Frith estate. Also in Leicester
Leicester
are the bookmaker Mark Jarvis (next to Radio Leicester), the European HQ of National Car Rental , and Otis UK (lifts , near the National Space Centre on the A6). Jacobs is on the Meridian Business Park in Braunstone , next to the M1. Machine Mart is based on the A60 near BioCity in Nottingham. East of the Walkers plant in Beaumont Leys is Office Depot
Office Depot
UK (and Viking Direct UK) on the Bursom Industrial Estate. Crown Crest in Belgrave owns Poundstretcher . Goldsmiths (jewellers) are based at the western end of Braunstone Frith, off the B5380.

In Northampton
Northampton
is Avon Products UK ; its products reach 6m women per week. East Midlands Trains has its head office in Derby. Porterbrook , one the UK's three rolling stock operating companies is in Derby. The former East Midlands Electricity is now owned by E.ON UK (supply , since Powergen bought EME in June 1998) and Western Power Distribution (distribution , who bought Central Networks in April 2011), which is based in Long Whatton and Diseworth ; the area has around a 5,000 MW demand for electricity. Nearby at Castle Donington is the home of the (separate) headquarters of BMI (in Donington Hall ) and bmibaby . Sixt , the car rental firm, has its UK base in Chesterfield, the base of Auto Windscreens . Booker Group , the Cash BabyStyle is in Sileby . There are three main distribution centres in the area at Magna Park
Magna Park
in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
(the largest of its kind in Europe), and Brackmills and the Daventry International Railfreight Terminal in Northamptonshire. J D Wetherspoon have their main distribution centre at Daventry, and Currys (founded in Leicester
Leicester
in 1888 on Belgrave Gate) have theirs at Newark-on-Trent . Oxford University Press have their national distribution centre at North Kettering
Kettering
Business Park at the A6003 roundabout on the A43 Kettering
Kettering
bypass (in Rushton ). Monsoon Accessorize have their national distribution centre to the east on Octavian Park in Irchester next to A45. In Kilsby on the DIRFT estate, Tesco have their Daventry Grocery, the largest supermarket depot in the country, west of the A5 and north of the WCML. North of the A428 is Tesco's Clothing Distribution Centre.

FOOD PROCESSING

Oxo factory (former Batchelors ) on the Dukeries Industrial Estate in Worksop

Silver Spoon makes all of its demerara and brown sugar at Newark-on-Trent , although the Tate VK have sponsored the M-Sport World Rally Team . Greencore UK is in Barlborough ; its at Manton Wood Enterprise Zone , Worksop (former Hazelwood Chilled Foods) claims to be the world's largest sandwich factory. United Biscuits has a main factory in Ashby-de-la-Zouch where it makes its KP Snacks ; Hula Hoops , Skips and Nik Naks . Oxo , Saxa salt, Super Noodles , and Bisto is made by Premier Foods in the west of Worksop . Cat food such as Whiskas is made in Melton Mowbray by Masterfoods ; their Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition on the A607 claims to be the world's leading authority on petfood research. Also in the southwest of the town next to the railway , Samworth Brothers have owned Ginsters since 1977 and Soreen since 2014, and have 8,000 UK employees. Whitworths , the food company, is in Irthlingborough ; they also have Victoria Mills flour site on the A509 in Irchester next to the A45 junction. Cereform (bakery ingredients) are on the Lodge Farm Industrial Estate off the A428 in north Northampton. Butcher\'s Pet Care dog food (mostly own-label) is off the A428 at Crick (M1 junction 18). Carlsberg Brewery at the A428/A508 junction in Northampton, on the former Phipps NBC site, also bottles Tuborg and San Migiuel ; all modern lagers come from a Carlsberg yeast developed in 1883

The crisp company Walkers (owned by PepsiCo and the UK's biggest grocery brand) makes 10 million bags of crisps a day, using 280,000 tonnes of potatoes a year, at the biggest crisp factory in the world at Beaumont Leys ; next door Bradgate Bakery makes sandwiches, and nearby Walker Riverside Bakery next door, also owned by Pork Farms, makes food for M Ready Brek was bought from Lyons in 1990. Long Clawson Dairy are the largest producers of Stilton cheese in the UK; the cheese, with Shropshire Blue , is also made in Cropwell Bishop and Colston Bassett . Faccenda Group of Brackley is the second largest processor of chicken in the UK; Faccenda Group bought Cranberry Foods of Scropton in Derbyshire in May 2012, the second biggest turkey processor in the UK after Bernard Matthews ; Faccenda supply Nando\'s . In Wigston RF Brookes make M both are owned by Premier Foods . Greencore Prepared Foods on Moulton Park make half of M"> Sir Owen Williams D10 building at Boots

Boots UK is based in Lenton in Nottingham, with 2,500 UK stores, where Stewart Adams developed Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen
in the 1960s on Rutland Road in West Bridgford, and Vision Express are nearby, next to the A52. Boots was the biggest chemist chain in the world; now A.S. Watson Group is the world's biggest health retail company. Crookes Healthcare , formerly Boots and now Reckitt Benckiser , make Strepsils and Optrex on the enormous Boots site, and Boots Contract Manufacturing (BCM) make products for other firms; it makes Benylin for McNeil . On the ng2 business park , Specsavers have their corporate eyecare and contact lens division. Three out of the four main UK opticians are sited in Nottingham. The MRI scanner was developed at the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
by Sir Peter Mansfield
Mansfield
; MRI scanners were developed mainly by GEC Medical , once invented; MRI harnesses nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of the hydrogen nucleus ; Raymond Vahan Damadian of USA also claims the MRI invention. Queen\'s Medical Centre (QMC) is one of the largest teaching hospitals in Europe, and the largest hospital in the UK. The CT scanner ( X-ray computed tomography ) was invented by Newark's Sir Godfrey Hounsfield . Both inventions received Nobel Prizes for Medicine (2003 for MRI and 1979 for CT). Glenfield Hospital (which comes under the UHL NHS Trust) is one of England's main hospitals for coronary care and respiratory diseases; it has a strong international reputation for medical research in cardiac and respiratory health and carried out the world's first percutaneous coronary intervention procedure on a two-year-old child in August 2012 with the largest ECMO unit in the UK.

EMAS is based in Bilborough on the A6002 near junction 26 of the M1. CARE Fertility , the UK's largest independent IVF company, and a pioneer in the field, is next to EMAS on Woodhouse Way Business Park; Simon Fishel developed the world's first IVF degree course at the University of Nottingham. There are three (charity-funded) air ambulance services : the western one is based at EMA , the eastern one is based at RAF Waddington, and the southern one (shared with Warwickshire
Warwickshire
) is at Coventry Airport . NHS East Midlands is at Sandiacre next to junction 25 of the M1. AstraZeneca
AstraZeneca
had their (closed in 2011) Charnwood R Fisons was the former Genatosan who made the Sanatogen 'nerve tonic', which was bought by Fisons in 1946, who had previously made fertiliser, and not pharmaceuticals; the Loughborough plant became Fisons Pharmaceuticals in 1964. 3M Health Care (former Riker Laboratories ) has a factory in the north of Loughborough
Loughborough
on the A6 , with its head office on the A60 next to the railway station . BioCity Nottingham
Nottingham
is an important centre for cutting-edge bioscience companies. Slimming World , who help people lose weight, is in Pinxton , near Alfreton off the A38; on the other side of the railway NHS Supply Chain was formed in 2006 on the Cotes Park Industrial Estate in Somercotes ; nearby Diversey UK (former JohnsonDiversey) has a manufacturing plant, and is based at the A43/A4500 junction at Weston Favell . Dalatek Plastics make pharmaceutical containers off the B6022 on the Maun Valley Ind Park at Sutton in Ashfield next to the railway . Brunel Healthcare (former Peter Black, Perrigo then NeutraHealth), owned by Elder Pharmaceuticals , in Swadlincote makes food supplements . Off the A60 at Carlton in Lindrick north of Worksop, Robinson Healthcare makes first aid equipment. Plastek make healthcare dispensing bottles in Forest Town , Mansfield
Mansfield
off the A6117. Patterson Medical UK (including sorbothane insoles) are in Huthwaite, Notts, and Fresenius Medical Care UK (provides most of the NHS's kidney dialysis ) are there too.

Hitachi Medical Systems UK (ultrasound) are off the A509 in the west of Wellingborough.

HIGH TECHNOLOGY

Main article: List of science parks in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
§ East_Midlands

Belkin UK (and Linksys ) UK is along the A45 in Rushden , Misco is in Wellingborough, and RS Components is in Corby. Pegasus Software , producer of well-known accounting software , is off the A509 in the south of Kettering. Serif Europe is in West Bridgford; Serif developed PagePlus in the 1990s which was the first cheap DTP software. AVG Technologies has its UK head office on Newark's industrial estate. Experian
Experian
have their large data centre at Fairham House south of Ruddington , with two others in Texas and Brazil. The Ruddington site is connected by a 640 Gbps dark fibre and runs on IBM's z10 with Tivoli . BT IT Services is based off the A616 at Barlborough. Phoenix IT Group is in Briar Hill , off the A5056 (outer ring road) in the southwest of Northampton. Inter-Activa is at the LCB Depot in Leicester
Leicester
city centre. Nexor is in Nottingham. Entalysis , a business performance management software company, is located in Burton upon Trent town centre. AF International (part of H K Wentworth , and make computer screen cleaners) are at the A511/A42 junction at Ashby de la Zouch. Amphenol Jaybeam off the A509 in the west of Wellingborough makes cellular telephone base station antennas. Texas Instruments UK have their Semiconductor Design Centre at Northampton
Northampton
next to the A45, previously in Bedford from 1957 to 2005. GE Sensing UK is at Groby off the A50. Abaco Systems Limited UK (former GE Intelligent Platforms) is off the A5, south of the A43 roundabout at Towcester. Oclaro UK (former Bookham), at Caswell Research Centre in Greens Norton (northwest of Towcester) makes indium phosphide wafers and researches photonic integrated circuits and DSDBR tunable lasers .

Retec Digital at Magna Park
Magna Park
make touch-screen retail solutions. Infoterra Ltd (Astrium Services GEO-Information) are on Braunstone Frith, who have exclusive access to the TerraSAR-X and SPOT satellites. Weidmüller UK (electrical connectors ) are on the Meridian estate in southwest Leicester.

FINANCE

Since 1997 Capital One
Capital One
, the Virginia
Virginia
-based credit card company, has had its European HQ at Trent House in Nottingham's city centre in a former Boots UK printing works next to the railway station , and Nottingham
Nottingham
City Council since 2009 have taken over the company's Loxley House next door as their HQ. Dublin
Dublin
-based Experian
Experian
, one of two UK credit-referencing companies, was founded in the city in 1980 (owned by GUS until 2006) and has a large UK HQ to its south west, on the A453 near the River Trent
River Trent
. TDX Group in Nottingham, is now owned by Equifax . Santander (former Alliance half of Britain's mail goes through there. The Bank of England's MPC Agency for the East Midlands is sited on the ng2 estate, near Experian
Experian
and its economic data.

RBS Group ( NatWest ) has a documents centre ( Williams Lea ) in Shepshed where it prints its statements for England
England
and Wales. Orion Security Print, north of Stanton steel works in Ilkeston, produces Odeon cinema tickets and library cards. An office of RR Donnelley on the B5366 in the west of South Wigston, next to the railway , deals with all of Barclaycard's mail. Barclaycard have their Payment Acceptance Centre next to the A45 in Northampton. The Money Shop (owned by Dollar Financial Group ) issue payday loans and are the UK's leading cheque-cashing service, being at Castlebridge, Nottingham, north of ng2 and next to the railway. GeoAmey (prisoner transport) are in Whetstone.

RURAL

The Eurofighter Typhoon is based at RAF Coningsby
RAF Coningsby
; it will eventually carry the active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, which enables the radar to distinguish between targets and background noise , which earlier radars could not See also: UK Military Flying Training System

Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Rutland are very agricultural, with much of the UK's arable crops grown in this area. The RAF have many bases in this area too, with the main RAF College at Cranwell near Sleaford ; the East Midlands Universities Air Squadron is at Cranwell, also home of the Eastern Region of the Sea Cadet Corps , and the Officer and Aircrew Selection Centre . The RAF's six AWACS aircraft are at RAF Waddington . 16th Regiment Royal Artillery is in Rutland.

After Norfolk, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is the second biggest potato producer in the country, and grows 30% of the country's vegetables. Interflora has its UK HQ in Sleaford; Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is the world's leading producer of daffodils (narcissus family); 40% of the flowers bought in the UK are grown there; Butters Group supply many bulbs ( Amaryllis ) from Low Fulney . British Seed Houses at Swinderby, sells a lot of ryegrass and clover . Greencell import avocados and grapes on the B1180 near the A16 roundabout at Pinchbeck. The county produces each year enough sugar beet for 350 million bags of sugar and enough wheat for 250 million loaves. Fowler-Welch Coolchain are based in Spalding , as is the UK operation of Bakkavör (former Geest) which is the UK's largest provider of fresh prepared foods. Off the B1192 near the A52 junction in Kirton Holme south of Hubberts Bridge , Albert Bartlett produces the Vivaldi potato , much sold in Sainsbury's, and invented in Lincolnshire. Princes (former Premier Foods ) have a large operation in Little Sutton near to Long Sutton canning vegetables with Fray Bentos meat, and Batchelors peas. William Sinclair is a horticulture company in Lincoln. Magnadata Group in Boston have the contract for the UK's rail tickets (for ATOC ); the orange-style tickets have been in operation since 1990. Silver Spoon's Bardney
Bardney
plant makes the market-leading Askey\'s dessert toppings . John Deere have their UK base at Langar on the Nottinghamshire/ Leicestershire
Leicestershire
boundary next to the former RAF Langar . The British Geological Survey is in Keyworth . Weatherbys in Wellingborough
Wellingborough
administer the British horseracing industry, having produced the General Stud Book since 1791.

ENTERTAINMENT

An Orangutan
Orangutan
at Twycross Zoo

Skegness
Skegness
and the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
coast provides seaside entertainment for many people in the East Midlands
East Midlands
with its Butlins
Butlins
200-acre resort at Ingoldmells . Nottingham
Nottingham
and Leicester
Leicester
are a popular night time destination (often for people outside of the East Midlands). Center Parcs UK is based at the Sherwood Energy Village in New Ollerton . The YHA is based in Matlock . Gala Bingo is based in Nottingham; Coral have over 1,800 UK shops. Twycross Zoo is just south of Measham in Leicestershire, and the National Space Centre is in Belgrave in north Leicester. Imagesound in Chesterfield
Chesterfield
are Britain's leading supplier of music and screens (piped music ) for pubs, hotels and restaurants. Carlsbro (electronics and speakers) are at South Normanton, on the east side of the M1, at the B6406/A38 junction. Peavey Electronics UK (loudspeakers), are off the A6003, in the southwest of Corby.

Rockingham Motor Speedway is in Corby, and other racetracks include Donington Park and Mallory Park
Mallory Park
in Leicestershire, and Cadwell Park
Cadwell Park
in Lincolnshire. Silverstone
Silverstone
Circuit hosts the British Grand Prix
British Grand Prix
, although the southern half of the track is outside the region. Rutland Water is popular for sailing, fishing and bird-watching. The Peak District is the second most popular national park in the world after Mount Fuji , and Britain's first National Park in 1951.

* v * t * e

Electricity generation in the East Midlands
East Midlands

POWER STATIONS

BIOMASS

ACTIVE

* Cottam

COAL

ACTIVE

* Cottam * Ratcliffe-on-Soar * West Burton

CLOSED

* Castle Donnington * Drakelow * High Marnham * Northampton
Northampton
* Spondon * Staythorpe * Wilford * Willington

GAS

ACTIVE

* Corby * Cottam * Derwent * Spalding * Staythorpe * Sutton Bridge * West Burton

PROPOSED/FUTURE

* Drakelow

HYDRO

ACTIVE

* Beeston * Torrs

INCINERATORS /WASTE

WIND

ACTIVE

* Burton Wold * Conisholme * Deeping St Nicholas * Lincs * Lindhurst * Lynn and Inner Dowsing

PROPOSED/FUTURE

* Race Bank * Triton Knoll

ORGANISATIONS

* East Midlands Electricity * Opus Energy * Pre-nationalisation electric power companies

EDUCATION

Sponne School , in Towcester

SECONDARY EDUCATION

Most secondary schools in the East Midlands
East Midlands
are comprehensives , although Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
retains fifteen state grammar schools .

There are around 180,000 students in the region's secondary schools; this is the second lowest number of students in a region in England, after the North East , and more than 100,000 lower than the figure for the West Midlands . Some of the East Midlands' urban secondary schools hold truancy rates above that of the national average, whereas truancy rates in the region's rural secondary schools tend to be lower than the national average.

Nottingham
Nottingham
City schools tend to perform less well in terms of GCSE standards, with some Leicester
Leicester
schools suffering a similar problem. Rutland (amongst the highest-performing areas in the region where GCSE standards are concerned) has one of the highest percentages of pupils reaching the threshold of five grade A–C GCSEs (including Maths and English) in England. On a District Council level, Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire tends to attain some of the region's best GCSE results. Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Derbyshire also regularly tend to produce GCSE results at a standard greater than the national average.

At A-level , Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Derbyshire regularly generate results greater than the national average. Nottingham
Nottingham
tends to produce better results at A-level than it does at GCSE.

There are eighteen further education colleges in the region, including: New College Nottingham
Nottingham
, Central College Nottingham
Nottingham
, Leicester
Leicester
College , and Lincoln College .

The regional Learning and Skills Council was headquartered at the Meridian Business Park in Braunstone Town , southwest of Leicester. The LSC has been replaced by the Young People\'s Learning Agency , and the Skills Funding Agency .

TOP TWENTY STATE SCHOOLS IN THE EAST MIDLANDS (2015 A-LEVEL RESULTS)

The University of Nottingham
Nottingham
's Trent Building Loughborough
Loughborough
University is recognised for its green campus University of Leicester
Leicester

* Caistor Grammar School (1079) * The Becket School , West Bridgford * Kesteven and Grantham
Grantham
Girls\' School * The King\'s School, Grantham
Grantham
* Kesteven and Sleaford High School * Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Ashbourne * West Bridgford School * The Ecclesbourne School * Queen Elizabeth\'s High School , Gainsborough * William Farr School , Welton * The Priory Academy LSST , Lincoln * King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth * Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Alford * Spalding High School * Branston Community Academy * Lady Manners School , Bakewell * Anthony Gell School , Wirksworth * Dronfield Henry Fanshawe School * Bourne Grammar School * Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Horncastle (858)

UNIVERSITIES

Brackenhurst Hall — Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University 's agricultural college in Southwell

The East Midlands' universities include: University of Nottingham
Nottingham
The region's largest university by student population, with around 33,000 students. The university is often ranked in the British top seven for research power. It is famous for its academic reputation, consistently ranking highly in university league tables. It is the only Russell Group university in the East Midlands. The university has produced several Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
winners. Loughborough
Loughborough
University In addition to its more traditional academic work, Loughborough University is well-regarded for its sporting heritage. One notable sporting alumna is British gold-medallist Paula Radcliffe . The British Olympic athletics team trained at the university as part of their preparations for the 2012 Summer Olympics . The adidas Jabulani football, the official football for the 2010 World Cup , was designed in the university's Sports Technology Institute . Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University Nottingham
Nottingham
Trent University is the East Midlands' second largest university (and one of the largest universities in the United Kingdom), with a student population of approximately 24,000. University of Leicester
Leicester
The university has established itself as a leading research-led university and has been named University of the Year of 2008 by the Times Higher Education. The University of Leicester
Leicester
is also the only university ever to have won a Times Higher Education award in seven consecutive years. The University is most famous for the invention of genetic fingerprinting DNA, the discovery of the remains of King Richard III and Space research. It houses Europe's biggest academic centre for space research, in which space probes have been built, most notably the Mars Lander Beagle 2, which was built in collaboration with the Open University. It is a founding partner of the National Space Centre which is based in Leicester. De Montfort University The region's third largest university. It is a public research and teaching university. The university has one of the largest numbers of Teacher Fellows of any UK university and was awarded Centre of Excellence status for its performance practice teaching and student support University of Northampton
Northampton
The only university in Northamptonshire , with two campuses in Northampton
Northampton
and a developing partnership with Silverstone
Silverstone
. University of Derby
Derby
Formerly a centre and college for teacher training, Derby
Derby
University works closely with businesses of the area with its University of Derby–Corporate programme and has a history of academics dating back to 1851. University of Lincoln An English university founded in 1992, with origins tracing back to the foundation and association with the Hull School of Art 1861. Bishop Grosseteste University
Bishop Grosseteste University
The newest university in the East Midlands, formerly a university college.

The region has the lowest proportion of part-time students in England. The region has a higher influx of young people into the region at the university stage than out of the region into other regions' universities. Only 25% of the region's students undertaking a first degree are native to the region.

SPORTS

See also: Category:Sport in Loughborough
Loughborough

The region has a good sporting tradition, with some of the most well-known sports personalities –- David Gower (Leicestershire C.C.C. ), Gary Lineker , Rory Underwood ( Leicester
Leicester
Tigers ) and Jonathan Agnew .

The British Gliding Association is based in Leicester
Leicester
on Meridian Business Park, off the A563 in Braunstone. The National Ice Skating Association is based in Nottingham
Nottingham
(and many of Britain's Olympic ice skaters train in Nottingham); Nottingham
Nottingham
Panthers are in the Elite Ice Hockey League . The British Caving Association is at Great Hucklow, the UK sports governing body. The British Canoe Union is in Bingham.

The first 1978 BDO World Darts Championship was held in Nottingham, in February 1978, being largely the idea of Nick Hunter, a BBC
BBC
sports producer, and the event first introduced Sid Waddell .

FOOTBALL

Notts County F.C. is the world's oldest football league side. Sam Weller Widdowson brought in shin pads in 1874. The first referee 's whistle was at Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1872.

The East Midlands
East Midlands
is home to several professional and semi-professional association football (soccer) clubs.

TEAM LOCATION LEAGUE 2016–17

Leicester
Leicester
City Leicester
Leicester
Premier League

Derby
Derby
County Derby
Derby
Championship

Nottingham
Nottingham
Forest West Bridgford Championship

Chesterfield
Chesterfield
Chesterfield
Chesterfield
League One

Northampton
Northampton
Town Northampton
Northampton
League One

Mansfield
Mansfield
Town Mansfield
Mansfield
League Two

Notts County Nottingham
Nottingham
League Two

Lincoln City Lincoln National League

Alfreton Town Alfreton National League North

Boston United Boston National League North

Brackley Town Brackley National League North

Gainsborough Trinity Gainsborough National League North

RUGBY UNION

The East Midlands
East Midlands
is home to two top-tier ( Aviva Premiership ) clubs.

Leicester
Leicester
Tigers are an English rugby union club based in Leicester at the Welford Road stadium and play in the Aviva Premiership. They were formed in 1880; their colours are green, burgundy and white. Leicester
Leicester
Tigers are one of the most successful Rugby Union teams in Europe (if not globally) and the most successful English club since the introduction of league rugby in 1987, having won the European cup twice, the first tier of English rugby ten times, and the Anglo-Welsh cup seven times.

Northampton
Northampton
Saints are a professional rugby union club from Northampton, England. They were formed in 1880, and play in black, green, and gold colours. The team play their home games at Franklin's Gardens, which has a capacity of 15,500. Their biggest rivals are Leicester
Leicester
Tigers. "The East Midlands
East Midlands
Derby" is one of the fiercest rivalries in English Rugby Union.

CRICKET

Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire and Northamptonshire are in the Cricket T20 North group ; Northamptonshire was formerly in the previous Midlands group .

BASKETBALL

Leicester
Leicester
Riders , who play at DMU, are the oldest club in British basketball, founded in 1967.

MOTORSPORT

RML Group ( Ray Mallock ) BTCC and WTCC motorsport team is in Wellingborough, next to the UK HQ of Vredestein tyres (Dutch). Bamboo Engineering WTCC are at Silverstone.

SWIMMING

The Amateur Swimming Association is the world's first swimming governing body, founded 1869, now based in Loughborough. British Swimming have one of its three Intensive Training Centres at Loughborough
Loughborough
University's Loughborough
Loughborough
Pool in their Sport Development Centre .

LOCAL MEDIA

TELEVISION

_ The Waltham on the Wolds transmitter covers large parts of the region

* The BBC
BBC
East Midlands
East Midlands
region of BBC
BBC
Television , based in Nottingham, produces several regional television programmes including the news programme East Midlands Today _ from Waltham. This excludes most of Northamptonshire , north Nottinghamshire and north Derbyshire . Most of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is covered by the BBC
BBC
Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
region based in Hull , with its _Look North _ programme from Belmont ; north Nottinghamshire (Retford, Worksop and Bassetlaw ), northeast Derbyshire (Chesterfield), the eastern High Peak (Hope Valley ) and northern area of the Derbyshire Dales ( Tideswell and Hathersage ) are covered by BBC
BBC
Yorkshire
Yorkshire
from Emley Moor , with its _Look North _ from Leeds
Leeds
. The western area of the High Peak (Buxton, Glossop, New Mills and Chapel-en-le-Frith) in Derbyshire are covered by BBC
BBC
North West from Winter Hill and Granada Television , both based in Manchester
Manchester
. Northamptonshire is part of the BBC
BBC
East region based in Norwich and has the Look East programme from Sandy Heath . Most of Northamptonshire can receive Central News East, with western parts of the county (Daventry) receiving Central News West, and Southern parts of the county (around Brackley, Towcester and Northampton) receiving Thames Valley Tonight, which used to be the Central south region. _Central News East _ also covered the East Midlands, broadcasting from Lenton Lane in Nottingham
Nottingham
from March 1984. The studios were closed and is now the King\'s Meadow Campus of Nottingham
Nottingham
University . These studios had been responsible for _ Family Fortunes _ and _Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? _. Central News East still continues, broadcasting from ITV Central 's Birmingham
Birmingham
Studios. Northamptonshire has Anglia Television 's _ Anglia Tonight _ programme and most of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Nottinghamshire (excluding south Nottinghamshire) has Yorkshire Television 's _Calendar _. Digital switchover took place in April 2011 for the Nottingham
Nottingham
and Northampton
Northampton
areas; Waltham and Belmont (including the local repeater stations) changed in late August 2011. * MATV , based in Leicester
Leicester
, which caters to the area's large South Asian population.

RADIO

Radio Northampton's Broadcasting House

* BBC
BBC
Radios Derby
Derby
, Leicester
Leicester
, Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, Northampton
Northampton
, Nottingham
Nottingham
, Manchester
Manchester
(for Glossop
Glossop
, Whaley Bridge and Chapel-en-le-Frith ) and Sheffield (for Chesterfield
Chesterfield
). BBC
BBC
Radio Leicester
Leicester
was the first local radio station in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. * Many commercial, student and community radio stations: Capital East Midlands
East Midlands
(formerly Trent FM, RAM FM and Leicester
Leicester
Sound), Gem 106 (formerly Heart 106), Heart Home Counties (Northamptonshire) (formerly Northants 96), Demon FM ( Leicester
Leicester
), Peak FM ( Chesterfield
Chesterfield
and North Derbyshire), Lincs FM ( Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and Newark-on-Trent), Takeover Radio ( Leicester
Leicester
& Nottingham), Oak FM ( Loughborough
Loughborough
and Hinckley
Hinckley
), Harborough
Harborough
FM , The Eye (Melton Mowbray), Rutland Radio , Boundary Sound ( Newark-on-Trent ), Mansfield
Mansfield
103.2 FM , Trax FM (Bassetlaw), Ashbourne Radio (Ashbourne on 96.7FM & 101.8FM Wirksworth & Ecclesbourne Valley), Amber Sound FM , Erewash Sound , High Peak Radio ( Chapel-en-le-Frith ), Connect 97.2 & 107.4 (Corby, Kettering
Kettering
"> British Parachute Schools at Langar

MAGAZINES

There are many regional lifestyle publications, the largest and most widely read being: Lifeborder:solid #aaa 1px">

* England
England
portal

* Scouting in East Midlands * 1185 East Midlands earthquake * List of schools in the East Midlands * East Midlands Regional Select Committee * South Midlands , a name for the southern part of the East Midlands.

REFERENCES

* ^ French, Dan (2004). _Walk Britain: the handbook and accommodation guide of the Ramblers\' Association_. Ramblers' Association. p. 143. ISBN 9781901184679 . * ^ East Midlands
East Midlands
Geological Society * ^ "East midlands aggregates working party: annual report 2012" (PDF). _www.gov.uk_. * ^ _A_ _B_ Biodiversity Partnerships Archived 28 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "History of Sherwood Forest, Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Major Oak". Nottinghamshire County Council. Retrieved 15 September 2016. * ^ "Regional Transport Strategy: the National Picture". Government Office for the East Midlands
East Midlands
. Archived from the original on 18 July 2006. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ "The LTP Process". Department for Transport . Archived from the original on 16 August 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Derbyshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Derbyshire County Council . Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Leicestershire
Leicestershire
2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Leicestershire County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Lincolnshire County Council . Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Northamptonshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Northamptonshire County Council . Archived from the original on 22 May 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Nottinghamshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Nottinghamshire County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Rutland 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Rutland County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Derby
Derby
2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Derby
Derby
City Council . Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Leicester
Leicester
2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Leicester
Leicester
City Council . Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ " Nottingham
Nottingham
2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Nottingham
Nottingham
City Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009. * ^ "HEFCE 2007 Regional profiles East Midlands" (PDF). HEFCE. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2011. * ^ LSOA deprivation data Archived 9 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ North–south divide * ^ Claimant count * ^ Manufacturing Advisory Service Archived 2 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ AstraZeneca
AstraZeneca
closure * ^ East Midlands
East Midlands
Museum Service * ^ YPLA East Midlands
East Midlands
Archived 15 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ East Midlands