The EAST MIDLANDS is one of nine official regions of
England at the
first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. The eastern part of the
Midlands , it consists of
Leicestershire , Lincolnshire
(except North and North east Lincolnshire),
The region has an area of 15,627 km2 (6,034 sq mi), and was home to
over 4.5 million people in 2011. There are four principal urban
Nottingham ; and a number
of next tier centres including Boston ,
Kettering , Lincoln ,
Wellingborough . The region's relative proximity to
London and its
connectivity on the national motorway and trunk road networks help the
East Midlands thrive as an economic hub. The region's principal
East Midlands Airport
East Midlands Airport located ≤20km (≤12.5 miles) from
Ashby, Derby, Ilkeston,
Loughborough and Nottingham.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Geology
* 1.2 Environment
* 1.3 Forestry
* 2 Governance
* 3 Population and settlement
* 4 Transport
* 4.1 Road
* 4.2 Airports
* 4.3 Railway
* 4.4 Water
* 4.5 Transport policy
* 5 History
* 5.1 Romans
Danelaw and the
* 5.3 Civil War
* 5.4 Scientific heritage
* 5.5 Culture
* 5.6 Industrial heritage
Second World War
* 5.8 Regional governance
* 6 Demographics
* 6.1 Social deprivation
* 6.2 Elections
* 7 Local government
* 8 MEPs
* 9 Economy
* 9.1 Manufacturing
* 9.2 Construction and building materials
* 9.3 Textiles and clothing
* 9.4 Retail
* 9.5 Food processing
* 9.6 Healthcare
* 9.7 High technology
* 9.8 Finance
* 9.9 Rural
* 9.10 Entertainment
* 10 Education
* 10.1 Secondary education
* 10.2 Top twenty state schools in the
East Midlands (2015 A-level
* 10.3 Universities
* 11 Sports
* 11.1 Football
* 11.2 Rugby Union
* 11.3 Cricket
* 11.4 Basketball
* 11.5 Motorsport
* 11.6 Swimming
* 12 Local media
* 12.1 Television
* 12.2 Radio
* 12.3 Newspapers
* 12.4 Magazines
* 13 See also
* 14 References
* 15 External links
The high point at 636 m (2,087 ft) is
Kinder Scout , in the Peak
District of the southern
Pennines in northwest
Derbyshire near Glossop
. Other upland, hilly areas of 95 to 280 m (312 to 919 ft) in
altitude, together with lakes and reservoirs, rise in and around the
Charnwood Forest north of
Leicester , and in the
Lincolnshire Wolds .
The region's major rivers, the Nene , the Soar , the Trent and the
Welland , flow in a northeasterly direction towards the
Humber and the
Wash . The Derwent , conversely, rises in the High Peak before flowing
south to join the Trent some 2 miles (3 km) before its conflux with
the Soar. Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, next to the Trent,
and Waitrose, in
The centre of the
East Midlands area lies roughly between Bingham ,
Nottinghamshire and Bottesford , Leicestershire. The geographical
England lies in
Higham on the Hill in west
close to the boundary between the East and West Midlands. Some 88% of
the land is rural in character, although agriculture accounts for less
than three per cent of the region's jobs.
Lincolnshire is the only maritime county of the six, with a true
North Sea coastline of about 30 miles (48 km) due to the protection
afforded by Spurn Head and the North Norfolk foreshore. Church Flatts
Coton in the Elms , South Derbyshire, is the furthest place
from the sea in the UK (70 miles, 110 km). In April 1936 the first
Ordnance Survey trig point was sited at
Cold Ashby in
Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts and
The Wildlife Trusts are
based next to the
River Trent and Newark Castle railway station. The
National Centre for Earth Observation is at the University of
The region is home to large quantities of limestone , and the East
Midlands Oil Province .
Charnwood Forest is noted for its abundant
levels of volcanic rock, estimated to be approximately 600 million
25% of the UK's cement is manufactured in the region at three large
sites in Hope and Tunstead in Derbyshire, and in Ketton
Rutland . Of the aggregates that are produced in the region, 25%
Derbyshire and 4-% is from Leicestershire.
Nottinghamshire each produce around 30% of the region's sand and
Leicestershire had Britain's largest meteorite (7 kg, 15
lb) on 24 December 1965. The 2008
Lincolnshire earthquake was 5.2
Areas of the
East Midlands designated by the East Midlands
Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Conservation Areas include:
* Coversand Heaths
Derbyshire Peak Fringe and Lower Derwent
* Leighland Forest
Lincolnshire Limewoods and Heaths* The
Rutland , SW
Lincolnshire and N
Major Oak in Sherwood Forest; a traditional landmark of the
Northeast Midlands and Southern Yorkshire.
Areas of the
East Midlands designated by the East Midlands
Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Enhancement Areas include:
Lincolnshire Coastal Grazing Marshes
* The National Forest
* The Yardley-Whittlewood Ridge
Two nationally designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Several towns in the southern part of the region, including Market
Harborough, Desborough, Rothwell, Corby, Kettering, Thrapston, Oundle
and Stamford, lie within the boundaries of what was once Rockingham
Forest – a designated royal forest .
Rockingham Forest was
designated as a royal hunting forest by
William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror , and
was long used by English kings and queens.
The National Forest is an environmental project in central England
run by The National Forest Company. Areas of north Leicestershire,
Derbyshire and southeast Staffordshire, covering around 200
square miles (520 km2; 52,000 ha), are being planted, in an attempt to
blend ancient woodland with new plantings to create a new national
forest. It stretches from the western outskirts of
Leicester in the
east to Burton upon Trent in the west, and is planned to link the
ancient forests of Needwood and Charnwood.
Sherwood Forest in
Nottinghamshire attracts many visitors, and is
perhaps best known for its ties with the legend of
Robin Hood .
Regional financial funding decisions for the
East Midlands are taken
East Midlands Councils , based in
Melton Mowbray . East Midlands
Councils is not an elected body; it is made up of representatives of
local government in the region.
East Midlands Development Agency was headquartered next to the
East Midlands office in Nottingham, and made financial
decisions regarding economic development in the region.
However, since the Conservative-Lib-Dem coalition Government began
spending cuts after their success in the 2010 General Election ,
regional bodies such as those held by the Regional Development
Agencies have been devolved to smaller groups now on a County level.
As a region today, there is no overriding body with significant
financial or planning powers for the East Midlands.
POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
* Sovereign Queen
* Ministerial departments of the
UK Government Specific to
England Communities and Local
Government Education Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Health
England Transport Culture, Media and Sport
West Lothian question
* Devolution proposals
* East Midlands
* East of
* North East
* North West
* South East
* South West
* West Midlands
Yorkshire and the
Law and justice
* Supreme Court of the
* Courts of
England in the UK
* Parliament of the
United Kingdom Elections in
Constituencies Current Westminster MPs
England in the EU
* UK elections to the
European Parliament constituencies in
England East of
London North East
England North West
England South West
England West Midlands
Yorkshire and the
* Local government in
Greater London Authority
* Counties Districts
* Metropolitan counties Metropolitan districts
* Unitary authorities
* Combined authorities
* Civil parishes
* Other countries
Further information: See the lists by population of settlements in
The East Midlands' largest settlements are
Chesterfield , Lincoln ,
Leicester is the largest city in the
region, whilst the
Nottingham Urban Area is its largest urban
9% of all jobs in the region are in logistics . Traffic in the region
is growing at 2% per year – the highest growth rate of all regions
in the United Kingdom. It has been estimated that there are
approximately 140,000 heavy goods vehicle journeys made inside the
region each day.
The M1 (part of the E13 European route) serves the four largest urban
areas in the region, namely
Nottingham , and affords a motorway link between
London and Yorkshire
To the east of the largest cities lies the A1 (part of the E15
European route), an important route for journeys to and from ports on
England's northeast coast and the capital, and is a major artery for
the United Kingdom's agricultural industry.
The A46 follows the
Fosse Way which, since Roman times, has provided
a connection between the southwestern and northeastern parts of
The A43 dual carriageway connects the
East Midlands with the M40
motorway corridor and on to the South of
The historically important A5 runs along the south west
Leicestershire boundary to the south of
East Midlands Airport
East Midlands Airport (looking west)
East Midlands Airport
East Midlands Airport in North West
Leicestershire is situated in
proximity to the region's largest cities; some 14 miles from the
Nottingham , with central
Leicester being half as
far again. The airport is the region's biggest public airport, used by
over 4 million passengers per year.
Rivalry between the region's three biggest cities has led to a
long-running discussion about the identity of both the airport, and
region, with The
East Midlands rarely found on any non-political map
of the UK. The name was at one point changed to
Midlands Airport so as to include the name of the city that is
supposedly most internationally recognisable, mainly due to the Robin
Hood legend. However, the airport has a
Derby phone number and
postcode, and is in Leicestershire, but is officially assigned to
IATA . As a result of the dispute the name was soon
changed back, to now include all city names. Air cargo aircraft
Three of the world's four main international airfreight companies
(integrators) have their UK operations at EMA:
DHL , UPS and
bought by UPS);
FedEx have theirs at Stansted. It is the
second-largest freight airport in the UK after Heathrow, but most
freight from EMA is carried on dedicated planes, whereas most freight
from Heathrow is carried on passenger planes (bellyhold). Royal Mail
have their main airport hubs at Heathrow and EMA, as EMA is
conveniently near the M1 , A42 and A50 . Heathrow takes around 60% of
UK air freight, and EMA around 10%, with Stansted,
Gatwick next. Air freight has grown at EMA from 1994–2004 from
around 10,000 tonnes to over 250,000 tonnes; previously it did not
have much air freight. The main hours of cargo flying are from 8 pm to
5 am; domestic cargo flies into the airport in the evening, then from
11:30 pm to 1:30 am cargo flies to European capitals, then from 3 am
to 5 am cargo flies from Europe to EMA. It is the UK's 12th largest
passenger airport; the runway is the UK's sixth-longest at 2,900
metres (9,500 ft).
Royal Mail flights from EMA go to Belfast,
Edinburgh, Inverness, Aberdeen, Newcastle, Exeter and Bournemouth, and
it is the largest UK
Royal Mail air hub, with 11 flights per night.
DHL is the main route carrier at EMA by far with 20 flights per night,
UPS have 6, and
TNT have 2 (Belfast and Liège); for hubs in Europe,
DHL flies to Leipzig, UPS to Cologne, and
TNT at Liege.
Smaller airports include
Retford Gamston Airport ,
Leicester Airport ,
Hucknall Airfield ,
Sywell Aerodrome , and
Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome .
Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield lies
just outside the East Midlands, in South
Yorkshire , but is within the
historic boundaries of Nottinghamshire.
Newark North Gate railway station
Two of the United Kingdom's mainline railways serve the region: the
Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line and the
East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line , providing services
London St Pancras railway station and
Cross railway station respectively. Both operators provide regular
high-speed services to
London , at up to 125 mph (200 km/h), serving
Corby , Market
East Midlands Parkway ,
Grantham , Newark North Gate and
Retford . Northampton
and Long Buckby are served by the
Northampton Loop of the West Coast
Main Line . England's primary southwest to northeast Cross Country
Route runs through Derby.
Mansfield , Lincoln , Matlock ,
Melton Mowbray ,
Skegness , Boston , Spalding and Oakham are served by
A land speed record for trains was broken in the region. Although the
record was set in 1938, the current world speed record for steam
trains is held by
LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard , which clocked 126 mph
(203 km/h) between
Grantham and Peterborough , pulling six coaches on
East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line near
Little Bytham in Lincolnshire, on 3 July
1938. The Mallard record was not broken by any BR train until 6 June
1973 when an HST between
Thirsk reached 131 mph (211
km/h); Mallard in 1938 had 6 carriages and a dynamometer car . The
national speed record (pre-
High Speed 1
High Speed 1 ) for electric trains of 162
mph (261 km/h) was set on the same stretch as the Mallard record on 17
September 1989 by Class 91 91010 (now painted with the livery of the
Battle of Britain Memorial Flight ).
There are currently plans to bring a new high-speed rail line through
East Midlands as part of the
High Speed 2 project. Phase 2 of this
project would see a new line connecting
Leeds , with a
proposed station in
Toton known as the
East Midlands Hub .
River Trent at the former
High Marnham Power Station , next
to the 1897
Fledborough Viaduct ; the power station, built in 1959,
was Europe's first 1000MW coal power station (5 x 200MW) and consumed
coal from 17 collieries; the area is the largest collection of power
stations in Europe, being known as Kilowatt Valley
The Trent is a navigable river , and is used to transport goods to
Humber , as well as passing by many power stations. The Trent is
the only river in
England to be able to support cooling water for
power stations for most of its length; it has the largest water
capacity in England, although it is not the longest.
Several rivers in the region gave their name to early Rolls-Royce jet
engines, namely the Nene , the Welland , and the Soar .
As part of the transport planning system, the now defunct Regional
Assembly was under statutory requirement to produce a Regional
Transport Strategy to provide long term planning for transport in the
region. This involved region wide transport schemes such as those
carried out by the
Highways Agency and
Network Rail .
Within the region, local transport authorities carry out transport
planning through the use of a Local Transport Plan (LTP) , which
outlines their strategies, policies and implementation programme. The
most recent LTP is that for the period 2006–11. In the East Midlands
region the following transport authorities have published their LTP
Rutland U.A. The unitary
Nottingham have each written
a joint LTP in collaboration with their respective local county
A historical basis for such an area exists in the territory of the
Corieltauvi tribe. When the Romans took control of the region, they
Leicester one of their main forts (then named Ratae
Corieltauvorum ). The main town in the region in Roman times was
Lincoln , at the confluence of the
Fosse Way and
Ermine Street .
Five Boroughs of the Danelaw
DANELAW AND THE ANGLO-SAXONS
The region also corresponds to the later Five Boroughs of the Danelaw
, and the eastern half of the Anglian Kingdom of Mercia. In around 917
the region was subdivided between
Danelaw (Vikings) to the north, and
Mercia (Saxons) to the south. By 920, this border was moved further
north to the River
Humber . Evidence of the
Danelaw can be seen in
place-name endings of the region's villages, particularly towards the
east. The Danes under Canute recaptured the area from around 1016 to
Two main battles in the
English Civil War
English Civil War were the Battle of Naseby
Northamptonshire on 14 June 1645, and the Battle of
Winceby on 11 October 1643 in eastern Lincolnshire.
Isaac Newton , born in
Grantham in 1642 is perhaps the most prolific
scientist ever. His accomplishments include
Calculus , Newton\'s laws
of motion , and Newton\'s law of universal gravitation among many
other. There is a shopping centre named in his honour in Grantham.
Thomas Simpson from
Leicestershire is known for his Simpson\'s rule ;
Roger Cotes invented the concept of the radian in 1714, but the term
was not named until 1873.
Henry Cavendish , loosely connected with Derbyshire, discovered
hydrogen in 1766 (although the element's name came from Antoine
Lavoisier ), and Cavendish was the first to estimate an accurate mass
of the Earth in 1798 in his
Cavendish experiment . The Cavendish
Laboratory at the
University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge is named after a relative .
Herbert Spencer coined the term "survival of the fittest " in 1864,
which was once strongly linked with social Darwinism . Sir John
Flamsteed was the first
Astronomer Royal of the Royal Observatory,
Greenwich in 1675. Robert
Bakewell , of Dishley in
known for his English
Leicester sheep , invented selective breeding ;
English Longhorn were the first ever cattle bred for beef .
George Boole , pioneer of
Boolean logic (upon which all digital
electronics and computers depend), was born in Lincoln in 1815. The
application of Boole's theory to digital circuit design would come in
Claude Shannon . Boole's grandson, the physicist G. I. Taylor
, made significant experimental contributions to quantum mechanics .
The first practical demonstration of radar was near
Daventry in 1935.
Robert Robinson , of
Chesterfield in Derbyshire, invented the circular
symbol in 1925 for the pi bonds of the benzene ring, as found on all
structural diagrams of aromatic compounds .
Nicola Pellow , a maths
Leicester Polytechnic, whilst at CERN in November
1990, wrote the world's second web browser.
Silicone was invented 1899 by Prof
Frederick Kipping at University
Michael Creeth of
Northampton discovered the
hydrogen-bonding mechanism between DNA bases , allowing the structure
of DNA to be discovered. Nottinghamshire's Ken Richardson was in
charge of the team at Pfizer in Sandwich, Kent that in 1981 discovered
Fluconazole (Diflucan), the world's leading antifungal medicine ,
especially useful for people with weakened immune systems , and has
few side effects; he is now one of the few Britons in the National
Inventors Hall of Fame . Don Grierson at the University of Nottingham
was the first to invent a GM tomato , which was the first GM food on
sale in the UK, and the USA.
Louis Essen , a physicist from Nottingham, made advances in the
quartz clock in the 1930s at the National Physical Laboratory in
Teddington, to produce the quartz ring clock in 1938, and the caesium
clock, known as the atomic clock , in 1955. During the war he invented
the cavity resonance wavemeter to find the first accurate value of the
speed of light. The atomic clock works on differences in magnetic spin
. Before Essen's invention, the second was defined on the orbit of the
Earth around the Sun ; he changed it in 1967 to be based on the
hyperfine structure of the caesium-133 atom. Coordinated Universal
Time (UTC), in Paris, takes the average of 300 atomic clocks around
the world. Steep Hill in Lincoln
Fox hunting is
historically linked with the
East Midlands English , English language in
England § East
Midlands , and
Received Pronunciation § History
East Midlands colloquially use a distinctive form of spoken
dialect and accent in some areas. It also has some history in the
Received Pronunciation and southern
England accents. The
above links expand on these in detail.
The area is known historically for its food, examples of which
Leicester , the
Lincolnshire sausage , the Melton Mowbray
pork pie , Stilton , the
Bakewell tart , and the Bramley apple .
D. H. Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence is perhaps the region's best known author, although
only gained full recognition in the late twentieth century. The Key
Words Reading Scheme (Peter and Jane) was first produced in 1964 by
Ladybird of Loughborough, being still all in print, helped many
children to read; the books were the idea of Douglas Keen of
which got going in 1948; the first book was British Birds and Their
Ladybird Books were published in
Loughborough throughout their
1960s and 1970s heyday, with the site closing 1998.
William Booth of
The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army in 1865.
Another religious order, the Pilgrim Fathers , originated from
Retford . The
Quakers , also known as the Religious
Society of Friends, were founded by Leicestershire-born (Fenny Drayton
George Fox , who had inspiration whilst living in
Mansfield in 1647.
Thomas Cranmer from Aslockton made the
Book of Common Prayer .
Joseph Wright of
Derby an artist whose paintings symbolised the
struggle between science and religious values in the Age of
Enlightenment. He was also suggested to be "the first professional
painter to express the spirit of the Industrial Revolution".
Charles Frederick Worth , born in
Lincolnshire in 1825, is considered
to be the founder of Parisian haute couture , and thought be world's
first true fashion designer.
The region can claim the world's first factory, Sir Richard Arkwright
Cromford Mill . Additionally, the world's oldest working factory
can also be found in the area, producing textiles at Lea Bridge ,
owned by John Smedley . Both sites are part of the region's only World
Heritage Site , the
Derwent Valley Mills . An opportunist employee of
Derbyshire textile factories,
Samuel Slater of
Belper saw his
chance and (illegally) eloped in 1789 to
Rhode Island in the USA after
memorising the layout of the textile machinery while working at
Jedediah Strutt 's Milford Mill. He was warmly welcomed by the
inhabitants of the newly formed USA, so much so that he was later
named the "Father of the
American Industrial Revolution ".
Britain's hosiery and knitwear industry was largely based in the
region, and in the 1980s it had more textile workers than any other
British region. The stocking frame was invented 1587 in Calverton,
Nottinghamshire by Rev William Lee ; these were the first known
knitting machines and heralded the industrial revolution by providing
the necessary machinery. The world's first (horse-powered) cotton mill
was built in central
Nottingham in 1768. Marvel\'s Mill in Northampton
was the first cotton mill to be powered by water.
John Barber of
Nottinghamshire had invented a simple gas turbine in
1791 (when living in
Nuneaton ). Lincoln was the site of the first
tank (first built on 8 September 1915,
Little Willie was the first
tank, and is the oldest surviving tank in the world, originally called
the No.1 Lincoln Machine), and
Grantham the first diesel engine (in
1892). The jet engine was first developed in the region in Lutterworth
and Whetstone , with the
VTOL engine also (initially) developed in
Hucknall . The first jet aircraft flew from
RAF Cranwell in May 1941.
Second World War,
Derby was an important strategic
location, as it was in
Derby that Rolls-Royce developed and
manufactured their iconic Merlin aero-engine. During the
War, all of R-R's engineering staff had been transferred to Belper.
Derby was also home to an important railway workshop, initially for
Midland Railway , then the
London, Midland and Scottish Railway
London, Midland and Scottish Railway ,
British Railways .
British Rail Research Division in Derby
invented the APT and
Maglev . The first ever steel rails were laid in
Derby railway station for the
Midland Railway .
At its height,
Corby Steelworks were the largest in Britain. The
collapsible baby buggy was invented in 1965 at Barby, Northamptonshire
Maclaren . Ford's £8 million
Daventry Parts Distribution
Centre (Ford Parts Centre) was fully opened on 6 September 1972 (the
first southern section opened in 1968), and was the UK's largest
building by floor area for many years at 36.7 acres (149,000 m2), and
is situated opposite the
Cummins factory. See also: History of
photographic lens design
The largest camera in the world was built in 1957 in
Rolls-Royce, which weighed 27 tonnes and was around 8 feet (2.4 m)
high, 8 feet (2.4 m) wide and 35 feet (11 m) long, with a 63-inch
(1,600 mm) lens made by Cooke Apochromatic .
Cooke Optics and
Taylor-Hobson were major supplier of lenses for Hollywood; Star Wars
was filmed with their lenses, filmed in England. Horace W. Lee
invented the inverted telephoto lens (known as the Angénieux
retrofocus ) in 1931, lengthening the back focal length of the camera
for the 1930s
Technicolor Process and for vignetting . Arthur
Warmisham of Taylor & Hobson invented the first non-telescopic 35 mm
zoom lens , the Cooke Varo 40– 120mm Lens, in a camera manufactured
by Bell traffic lights would be introduced only from the 1920s in
London (from an American-led design scheme).
Edgar Purnell Hooley , a
Nottinghamshire surveyor, in 1901 was in Denby and found a stretch of
road surface that was smooth from an accidental leak of tar over the
surface. He patented a process of mixing tar with chipped stones in
Tarmac , a name which he patented. Radcliffe Road
West Bridgford in 1902 was the first tarmac road (5 miles
or 8.0 kilometres long) in the world.
Mettoy was a famous firm in the St James area of Northampton, which
from 1933 produced Corgi toys (mostly made in Swansea and designed in
Northampton), and in the 1970s it made the space hopper ; the company
collapsed in 1983, moving to Swansea. In
another world-famous firm in Coalville;
General Mills bought it in
1968 and production ceased in 1984, and the site was closed by Hasbro
in 1994. Pedigree Dolls
Plessey invented a model of the integrated
circuit in 1957. It was later a site for manufacturing monolithic
microwave integrated circuits in the 1990s by Marconi Materials
Technology . The site was Plessey's main research site during the
Second World War and also known as the Allen Clark Research Centre .
Torksey railway viaduct , built across the Trent in 1849, is
considered to be the first box girder bridge , designed by Sir John
Fowler, 1st Baronet . The tallest freestanding structure in the region
is the chimney of West Burton power station (north Nottinghamshire) at
200 m (656 ft).
Nottingham Combined Heating and Power Scheme is the
largest district heating system in the UK, centred on the Eastcroft
incinerator, built in 1972; it serves a leisure centre and both of the
city's shopping centres. The 72 ft Nunn\'s Bridge across Hobhole Drain
Fishtoft , designed by LG
Mouchel , was the first pre-stressed
concrete bridge built in-situ in the UK, in 1948, built for the Witham
Fourth District IDB .
SECOND WORLD WAR
Strategic bombing during World War II
Strategic bombing during World War II
Most of the region was protected by a solitary RAF station, RAF Digby
Sleaford , part of
No. 12 Group RAF and controlled from RAF
Watnall . Within the East Midlands, only
Nottingham was heavily bombed
Second World War's Blitz , due to the presence of a large
Royal Ordnance factory . However, much of the aerial obliteration of
Germany was directed from the region, with two bomber groups based in
Lincolnshire (No.1 and No.5 ), and a few squadrons in South
The current government office region was created in 1994. Government
funding decisions moved from
Melton Mowbray (the East Midlands
Regional Assembly ) to
East Midlands Development
Agency ) in April 2010.
Watford Gap services , Britain's first motorway service station
, opened in November 1959
For teenage pregnancy rates in the region, of top-tier authorities,
Nottingham has the highest rate. For council districts,
Corby has the
highest rate. For top-tier authorities,
Rutland has the lowest rate,
and the lowest rate for any district in England. The council district
with the lowest rate is South
Northamptonshire , although it has a
rate greater than that of Rutland.
Rutland has the highest total
fertility rate for British counties (top-tier authorities). The
borough of Boston has the highest TFR for district councils.
The region has the second lowest overall population density in
England (after South West
England ), largely due to the low population
Rutland . In 2007, the region had a lower
percentage of degree-educated people than the English average. 29.5%
of the region's population live in rural areas.
The region as a whole is less deprived than the West Midlands and
regions in the North of
England . By measurement of Lower Layer Super
Output Areas , the
East Midlands has more in common with the South of
England (except London) than the North, in that it has more areas in
the twenty percent least deprived areas than the twenty percent most
deprived areas, but less so than regions in Southern
England . This
has been explained by academic statisticians, who claim the area
straddles the north–south divide .
The region does not show typical economic characteristics of Northern
England (which the West Midlands does), although it is not as affluent
as large parts of the South. Economically, the
East Midlands bears
similarity to South West
In March 2011, the average unemployment claimant count for the region
Leicester were the highest with 5.8% each.
Corby and Lincoln with 4.9%. The lowest were
Northamptonshire with 1.4% each, and
Harborough , with 1.6%.
East Midlands Conference Centre at the University of
In the 2015 general election , 43% of the region's electorate voted
Conservative, 32% Labour, 16% UKIP, 6% Liberal Democrat and 3% Green.
The division of seats is less equally spread, with 32 Conservative and
14 Labour, and the geographic spread is even more weighted towards the
Conservatives, with Labour's 14 seats being in
Derby (1), Leicester
Nottingham (4) and the
East Midlands coalfield (6) – most of
these, except Leicester, are in the area defined as the economic North
of England, and are in geographically smaller seats. Northamptonshire,
Lincolnshire are completely Conservative. The region had a
0.2% swing from Labour to Conservative.
In the 2009 European elections , 30% voted Conservative, 17% Labour,
16% UKIP, and 12% Liberal Democrat. Also in 2009,
Derbyshire county councils changed control from Labour to
Conservative. From 1993 to 2005
Northampton was controlled by Labour,
and is now Conservative-controlled.
Lincolnshire and Leicestershire
have historically been Conservative-controlled and hence all the main
county councils are now Conservative-controlled.
Constituencies in the
East Midlands (46)
* Boston and
Grantham and Stamford
* Louth and Horncastle
* North East
* North West
Rutland and Melton
Sleaford and North Hykeham
* South Holland and The Deepings
* High Peak
* EAST MIDLANDS European constituency: Conservative (2)
* Labour (1)
* UKIP (2)
Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
East Midlands form a level-1 NUTS region, coded "UKF",
which is subdivided as follows:
Chesterfield , North East
South and West
Amber Valley ,
Derbyshire Dales ,
Erewash , High Peak , South
Mansfield , Newark
and Sherwood )
Leicestershire CC and
Daventry and South
The official region consists of the following subdivisions:
a) High Peak , b)
Derbyshire Dales , c) South
Derbyshire , d)
Erewash , e)
Amber Valley , f) North East
Derbyshire , g) Chesterfield
Rushcliffe , b)
Broxtowe , c)
Ashfield , d)
Gedling , e) Newark
and Sherwood , f)
Mansfield , g)
(part only) 5. Lincolnshire
a) Lincoln , b)
North Kesteven , c)
South Kesteven , d) South
Holland , e) Boston , f)
East Lindsey , g)
a) Charnwood , b) Melton , c)
Harborough , d)
Oadby and Wigston ,
e) Blaby , f)
Hinckley and Bosworth , g) North West
Northamptonshire , b)
Northampton , c)
Daventry , d)
Wellingborough , e)
Kettering , f)
Corby , g) East
East Midlands (
European Parliament constituency)
East Midlands is a five-member constituency for the European
Manufacturing Advisory Service for the region is based on the
Melton Mowbray , next to
East Midlands Councils .
The jet engine was built and developed in the region
In 2003, 23% of economic output in the
East Midlands was in
manufacturing, compared to 15% in the UK.
For engineering, Rolls-Royce (the world's second-largest maker of
aero engines ) in
Rolls-Royce Marine Power Operations are
both in Derby. Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery (former GEC , then
Alstom ) make industrial gas turbines in Lincoln, with a former
division making aero-engine components now part of ITP Engines UK,
based at Whetstone , next door to Hardinge Machine Tools UK (former
Bridgeport ). Triumph Motorcycles and
Ultima Sports (sports cars ) are
Cummins make diesel engines in
Daventry , and build AC
generators in Stamford , with its spares division at Wellingborough
(near Mahle). At the north of Motorsport Valley,
Cosworth and MAHLE
Cosworth Technology before January 2005) are next
to the Nene in Northampton, with an engine block plant off the A509 in
Force India and
Delta Motorsport are at
Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains
Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains is in
Brixworth , and
Mercedes-Benz in Formula One at Brackley. Near Leicester, Noble are in
Fenix Automotive in Braunstone. Eibach Federn UK (shock
absorbers) is off the B581 in
Broughton Astley .
(high-performance motorcycles) is at Buckingham Industrial Estate in
southeast Brackley next to the A43; to the west, next door over the
former railway is Brawn GP (former Honda F1 before 2008) near the A422
Ducati UK (performance motorcycles) is on the
Silverstone Technology Park .
JCB Power Systems is on an old airfield near Foston,
Toyota Manufacturing UK
Toyota Manufacturing UK (TMUK) is on an old airfield at
Burnaston ; 3.25 million cars have been built at
Burnaston since 1992.
DeltaRail Group is in
Derby and Bombardier UK (former
BREL before 1996
Adtranz ) is Britain's only train manufacturer left, and is
Litchurch ; it built the
Nottingham Express Transit trams in 2004,
Turbostar fleet, and
London Underground trains .
South of the factory is Pattonair , a global aircraft components
APPH (part of
BBA Aviation ) make aircraft landing gear on
the B6020 next to Kirkby-in-
Ashfield railway station . Raleigh Bicycle
Company , although has had its manufacturing in the Far East for over
ten years, is based in New Eastwood next to the A610; its former site
on Triumph Road is now the quirkily designed Jubilee Campus of the
Nottingham which has the UK's tallest sculpture (52 m,
171 ft, Aspire .
Essentra Packaging (former Payne) nearby in
Giltbrook, next to A610 near the A6096/B6010 junction next to
makes tear tape , owned by
Essentra , former
Filtrona ; Beamlight
Automotive Seating (former site of Magna Seating Systems ) is nearby.
Giant UK (high performance bicycles) on the Charnwood Edge Business
Park at the A46/A607 junction in Cossington near the Midland Main Line
River Wreake .
Mettler Toledo UK (industrial weighing ) is in the
west of Beaumont Leys.
Ferodo is in
Chapel-en-le-Frith , who have made brake pads since its
Herbert Frood invented them in Combs in 1897. Carbolite ,
which makes industrial furnaces, is based near the B6049/A6187
junction in the Hope Valley . FRAM Industrial (former Eurofilter and
part of Champion Laboratories , then UCI-FRAM Group ) make air filters
for gas turbines in
Mansfield on Crown Farm Industrial Estate. UK
Coal (formerly RJB Mining) is based in
FKI who own
Brush Electrical Machines is in Loughborough, home to the
Energy Technologies Institute and John Taylor
UK Coal is based in
Swarfega was invented and is made by Deb in
Eco-Bat Technologies , based in South Darley , west of Matlock , smelt
and mine lead , and are the world's biggest producer of lead , and own
eighteen sites across the world.
Tata Steel Tubes Europe is in Corby, along the A427 near the A43
roundabout. Gardner Aerospace are based in north Ilkeston off the
A6007. JJ Churchill make turbine blades for jet engines in the east of
Market Bosworth , next to the
Battlefield Line Railway . Ross Ceramics
Derby make ceramic cores for casting turbine blades (at Rolls
Alumasc Group is in
Burton Latimer .
Sealed Air UK on the
Telford Way Industrial Estate near
Kettering General Hospital makes
Bubble Wrap , which its parent USA company invented in 1960. Nearby is
Cooney Marine , who make stainless steel davits (marine cranes) and
passerelles , and Rothenberger UK (hardware equipment). AVK Group make
plumbing fittings and valves on the A6192 south of Staveley. NSK Ltd.
has a bearings factory in
Newark-on-Trent , its European HQ. Illuma
Lighting makes industrial lighting next to the railway in Castle
Donington . The
Motor Industry Research Association has an important
test track at
Higham on the Hill near Hinckley. Hendrickson Europe
make truck suspensions at Sywell Airport. Freeman Automotive (owner of
EBC Brakes) are based on the A428 in the north of Northampton. Timsons
make printers in
Kettering . Heckler on the Dukeries Industrial
Worksop Galvanizers (
Wedge Group ) have the largest
galvanizing bath (zinc) in the UK, able to fit up to 29 metres in
length. Cooper Bussmann (former Hawker Fusegear) makes electrical
Burton on the Wolds off the B676. Pearce Signs, one of the
UK's largest sign-makers, is based in New Basford . Nylacast is an
international engineered plastics company based in Humberstone ,
Leicester. Sapa are at Tibshelf on the B6014, on the Saw Pit Lane
Industrial Estate with Storetec, the UK base of Wanzl shopping
RPC Group in
Rushden opposite a
Waitrose , on the A6, is a large
(international, the largest of its type in Europe) packaging company,
and make the bottles for
Heinz Tomato Ketchup . Granger's, on the
Clover Nook Industrial Estate off the A38 at
Pinxton , make Cherry
Blossom shoe polish .
Worcester, Bosch Group makes its oil-fired and
floor-standing boilers at
Danesmoor , off the A6175. Fusion Provida
based on B6057/A61 junction in
Chesterfield makes pipe jointings and
electrofusion fittings for the oil and gas industry. Vaillant UK
(former Hepworth Heating before 2002, with headquarters in
make Glow-worm boilers on the A609 near
Belper School . Abel Systems
North Wingfield make demountable systems for trucks.
Watchkeeper WK450 UAV is built jointly by Thales and Elbit on
Scudamore Road in west Leicester, towards the M1; it is tested at
Aberporth Airport in Wales; 54 are on order, costing £1bn. At the
A563 roundabout BAE Systems Land the site, owned by Thales, initially
made naval radar systems. The large Sunningdale site on Braunstone
Frith was the
British Shoe Corporation . Chemring Defence UK (military
pyrotechnics ) is at
Draycott and Church Wilne west of the M1.
Carlton Laser Services make industrial CNC lasers (for laser cutting
) next to the railway line and the A563 in Rushey Mead. Hoval UK,
based on the B6166 (former A46) near Newark Northgate station, make
industrial boilers in Lincoln for international customers, and have a
Royal Warrant . Jayplas , the UK's biggest plastic recycling company
is based in Egleton in Rutland.
Fairline Boats are based on the Nene
in Oundle off the A605 bypass. Pinnell until 1962 it was made by B. B.
Chemical , with its other main brand being the water-resistant Prestik
for making sealing strips .
Abacus Lighting is in the north of Kirkby in Ashfield, north of
Sutton Parkway station; it makes street lights , floodlights ,
supermarket trolley shelters , and installed many of the UK's mobile
phone masts . To the east is Fabrikat , a main manufacturer of
lighting columns (for street lights) and railings, off the B6022 in
Sutton-in-Ashfield. Ardagh (originally Metal Box from 1962, then
Impress Group) make tin cans south of the A38, off the B6139, north of
ThyssenKrupp Elevator UK is in Lenton, off the A52, and
further north is ZF Services UK (wind turbine and automotive gears).
At the A6019/A453 south of the tax office in
Nottingham is Thomas &
Betts UK (former W Ibstock is the largest brick manufacturer (900
million a year, with twenty factories) in the UK, nearby to the
southwest. Lafarge Aggregates Keystone Lintels and Keylite roof
windows , part of the Keystone Group , are nearby. DSF Refractories
the site is also used by
Massey Ferguson for their spares division
factory. Terex Pegson make mobile caterpillar-tracked crushing
machines next to the railway in Coalville. Dacrylate make paint in
Charles Lawrence International , on the Northern Road Industrial
Estate in Newark makes
EPDM rubber granules and machinery for
maintaining artificial sports surfaces. Premier Pitches of Nether
Handley , off the A6052 at
Unstone in northeast Derbyshire, made the
pitch for Wembley Stadium, as well as for many other main pitches.
Hewitt Sportsturf, just south of Whetstone next to the M1 in Cosby ,
supplied the turf (360 rolls) for the Olympic Stadium in March 2011,
although it was grown near Scunthorpe.
ABRU , off the A6 in the south
of Belper, are Britain's leading manufacturer of metal step ladders .
Caunton Engineering , steel constructors, on the site of Moorgreen
Colliery in Eastwood built the Olympics
Water Polo Arena
Water Polo Arena . PTS (part
of BSS) at Crick claims to be the main provider of supplies to UK
plumbers. Versalift UK (van-mounted access platforms) are at Burton
National Grid plc
National Grid plc has its main Eakring Training Centre in
Nottinghmshire, where trainees learn how to build electricity pylons ,
including the new T pylon .
TEXTILES AND CLOTHING
Dr Martens and many footwear companies are based in the south of
the region, near
Wellingborough See also: List of current and
defunct clothing most of their hosiery is now made at West Mill in
Speedo International Limited is on the ng2 business park on
Queens Drive (near Experian, formerly in
Bobbers Mill on the A610 near
Basford before 2010). Its
LZR Racer suit helped
Michael Phelps win
eight golds at the 2008 Olympics . In Enderby on the B582 close to the
M69 and a large electricity substation is Next , created by George
Davies in 1981, which is the largest company in the region (and the
Midlands) by number of employees with 59,000, and has the second
largest turnover (£3 billion) of companies headquartered in the
region, after Boots (£6 billion).
Boden (clothing) is on the Meridian
estate in Leicester.
Wolsey (clothing) is off the A563 in the
northeast of Leicester, east of
Rushey Mead . Monarch Knitting
Machinery UK is in Beaumont Leys. Scott Nichol make traditional socks
in Hinckley. HJ Hall of
Hinckley are a larger company, who own
Pantherella , who make socks in Leicester.
Per Una have a factory near
Cossington and the A46/A607 junction. Much of Britain's lingerie and
hosiery is made in the region. Crystal Martin UK make lingerie (for
clothing chains) off the B6018 in the south of Sutton-in-
near the A38 bypass. Wacoal Europe (former Eveden) makes lingerie on
the B576 (former A6) in Desborough. Guilford Europe (former Guilford
Kapwood), at Somercotes, makes fabric (warp knitting ) for sports
clothing and automotive products, and have been owned by Lear
Corporation since 2012.
Many footwear companies such as
Shoe Zone (which bought out Stead and
Simpson), are based in Leicester.
Brantano Footwear UK , based in
Leicester before 2002, is in
Ellistown and Battleflat just south of
Coalville near M1 junction 22, nearby to
Nestlé 's national
Loake make shoes at Kettering, and have a Royal
appointment. Church\'s Shoes are at
Northampton are also high quality
and Barker Shoes are at Earls Barton. Joseph Cheaney & Sons are in
Desborough near the Midland Main Line. Tricker\'s shoes in Northampton
have a royal warrant. Sanders & Sanders and
Grenson make shoes in
Rushden. Jeffery West make shoes off the A4501 in Cliftonville, east
Northampton General Hospital and the head office of
Northampton Borough Council . Off the A428 near the hospital is Edward
Green Shoes . Crockett next-door at the Trent Business Centre is
Sunspel , who introduced the t-shirt to the British market; nearby
Meadowmead make premium furniture off the B6540, and Aga Rangemaster
Group make kitchen sinks .
Upholstery is in Long Eaton, with a
factory of DFS opposite. Anstey Wallpaper Company in Loughborough,
makes high-end wallpaper, south of the town on the east side of the
railway in the former Ladybird offices and factory. Fogarty (company)
make duvets and pillows in
Fishtoft , Boston, next to The Haven .
Calders & Grandidge in the south of Boston are the UK's largest
supplier of telegraph poles and wooden railway sleepers . W&G Sissons
Chesterfield Est, now owned by Franke , has been the UK's
largest manufacturer of stainless steel sinks since the 1950s.
Leaderflush Shapland (owned by
SIG plc ) make doors near the A608/A610
Aldercar and Langley Mill .
Parker Knoll make high-end
furniture off the B6016 on the Greenhill Industrial Estate, south of
Alfreton. Greene, Tweed UK (elastomers ) is in
Ruddington next to
Experian. Viaton makes micronised barytes at Hopton , Derbyshire.
Wild Country , on the
Tideswell Industrial Estate off the B6049, are
the UK's leading manufacturer of rock-climbing equipment . Trekmates
(outdoor clothing) are on the B6004 in
Old Basford . Equip Outdoor
Technologies are west of the B600 in Somercotes, who own
Lowe Alpine ,
Rab and Outdoor Designs (gloves).
Blacks Leisure Group (previous owner
of Blacks and Millets before financial failure and takeover by JD
Sports ) was based in
Duston , in the west of Northampton, and is now
off the A45 in the east of the town. Yeomans Outdoor Leisure is south
of Staveley, off the A6192 near
Poolsbrook Country Park .
George at Asda , based at Lutterworth, in 2009 overtook M they also
own the Fortis body armour brand and make PASGT nylon fibre helmets
Wilko head office is at Manton ,
Worksop ; it was founded by James
Kemsey Wilkinson in
Leicester in 1930. In Lenton , are the head
Games Workshop , the producers of Warhammer miniatures.
Pendragon PLC , the car dealership and the Sherwood Park industrial
area is in
Sytner Group is in Enderby, a prestige car
Dunelm Group , the furnishings company, is based on the A607
next to Lafarge in
Syston ; the company is named after Bill Adderley's
house on Greenhill Road in Coalville; nearby is
Pukka Pies . In
Leicester is the nearly-defunct photographic equipment company Jessops
, bought and relaunched as
Jessops Europe by businessman Peter Jones
and Fox\'s Confectionery (maker of Fox\'s Glacier Mints ), with both
based near each other on the Braunstone Frith estate. Also in
Leicester are the bookmaker Mark Jarvis (next to Radio Leicester), the
European HQ of
National Car Rental , and Otis UK (lifts , near the
National Space Centre on the A6). Jacobs is on the Meridian Business
Park in Braunstone , next to the M1. Machine Mart is based on the A60
near BioCity in Nottingham. East of the Walkers plant in Beaumont Leys
Office Depot UK (and Viking Direct UK) on the Bursom Industrial
Crown Crest in Belgrave owns
Poundstretcher . Goldsmiths
(jewellers) are based at the western end of Braunstone Frith, off the
Avon Products UK ; its products reach 6m women per
East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Trains has its head office in Derby.
one the UK's three rolling stock operating companies is in Derby. The
East Midlands Electricity is now owned by
E.ON UK (supply ,
Powergen bought EME in June 1998) and Western Power Distribution
(distribution , who bought Central Networks in April 2011), which is
Long Whatton and Diseworth ; the area has around a 5,000 MW
demand for electricity. Nearby at
Castle Donington is the home of the
(separate) headquarters of BMI (in
Donington Hall ) and bmibaby . Sixt
, the car rental firm, has its UK base in Chesterfield, the base of
Auto Windscreens .
Booker Group , the Cash BabyStyle is in
There are three main distribution centres in the area at
Magna Park in
Leicestershire (the largest of its kind in Europe), and
Daventry International Railfreight Terminal in Northamptonshire. J
D Wetherspoon have their main distribution centre at Daventry, and
Currys (founded in
Leicester in 1888 on Belgrave Gate) have theirs at
Newark-on-Trent . Oxford University Press have their national
distribution centre at North
Kettering Business Park at the A6003
roundabout on the A43
Kettering bypass (in Rushton ). Monsoon
Accessorize have their national distribution centre to the east on
Octavian Park in Irchester next to A45. In
Kilsby on the DIRFT estate,
Tesco have their
Daventry Grocery, the largest supermarket depot in
the country, west of the A5 and north of the WCML. North of the A428
is Tesco's Clothing Distribution Centre.
Oxo factory (former
Batchelors ) on the Dukeries Industrial
Silver Spoon makes all of its demerara and brown sugar at
Newark-on-Trent , although the Tate VK have sponsored the M-Sport
World Rally Team .
Greencore UK is in
Barlborough ; its at Manton Wood
Enterprise Zone ,
Worksop (former Hazelwood Chilled Foods) claims to
be the world's largest sandwich factory.
United Biscuits has a main
Ashby-de-la-Zouch where it makes its
KP Snacks ; Hula Hoops
, Skips and Nik Naks . Oxo , Saxa salt,
Super Noodles , and
Premier Foods in the west of
Cat food such as
Whiskas is made in
Melton Mowbray by Masterfoods ; their Waltham
Centre for Pet Nutrition on the A607 claims to be the world's leading
authority on petfood research. Also in the southwest of the town next
to the railway ,
Samworth Brothers have owned
Ginsters since 1977 and
Soreen since 2014, and have 8,000 UK employees.
Whitworths , the food
company, is in
Irthlingborough ; they also have Victoria Mills flour
site on the A509 in Irchester next to the A45 junction. Cereform
(bakery ingredients) are on the Lodge Farm Industrial Estate off the
A428 in north Northampton. Butcher\'s Pet Care dog food (mostly
own-label) is off the A428 at Crick (M1 junction 18). Carlsberg
Brewery at the A428/A508 junction in Northampton, on the former Phipps
NBC site, also bottles Tuborg and San Migiuel ; all modern lagers come
from a Carlsberg yeast developed in 1883
The crisp company Walkers (owned by
PepsiCo and the UK's biggest
grocery brand) makes 10 million bags of crisps a day, using 280,000
tonnes of potatoes a year, at the biggest crisp factory in the world
Beaumont Leys ; next door Bradgate Bakery makes sandwiches, and
nearby Walker Riverside Bakery next door, also owned by Pork Farms,
makes food for M
Ready Brek was bought from Lyons in 1990. Long
Clawson Dairy are the largest producers of
Stilton cheese in the UK;
the cheese, with
Shropshire Blue , is also made in
Cropwell Bishop and
Colston Bassett .
Faccenda Group of Brackley is the second largest
processor of chicken in the UK;
Faccenda Group bought Cranberry Foods
of Scropton in
Derbyshire in May 2012, the second biggest turkey
processor in the UK after Bernard Matthews ; Faccenda supply Nando\'s
. In Wigston RF Brookes make M both are owned by
Premier Foods .
Greencore Prepared Foods on
Moulton Park make half of M"> Sir Owen
Williams D10 building at Boots
Boots UK is based in Lenton in Nottingham, with 2,500 UK stores,
where Stewart Adams developed
Ibuprofen in the 1960s on
in West Bridgford, and
Vision Express are nearby, next to the A52.
Boots was the biggest chemist chain in the world; now A.S. Watson
Group is the world's biggest health retail company. Crookes Healthcare
, formerly Boots and now
Reckitt Benckiser , make
Strepsils and Optrex
on the enormous Boots site, and
Boots Contract Manufacturing (BCM)
make products for other firms; it makes
Benylin for McNeil . On the
ng2 business park ,
Specsavers have their corporate eyecare and
contact lens division. Three out of the four main UK opticians are
sited in Nottingham. The MRI scanner was developed at the University
Nottingham by Sir Peter
Mansfield ; MRI scanners were developed
GEC Medical , once invented; MRI harnesses nuclear magnetic
resonance (NMR) of the hydrogen nucleus ;
Raymond Vahan Damadian of
USA also claims the MRI invention. Queen\'s Medical Centre (QMC) is
one of the largest teaching hospitals in Europe, and the largest
hospital in the UK. The CT scanner (
X-ray computed tomography
X-ray computed tomography ) was
invented by Newark's Sir
Godfrey Hounsfield . Both inventions received
Nobel Prizes for Medicine (2003 for MRI and 1979 for CT). Glenfield
Hospital (which comes under the UHL NHS Trust) is one of England's
main hospitals for coronary care and respiratory diseases; it has a
strong international reputation for medical research in cardiac and
respiratory health and carried out the world's first percutaneous
coronary intervention procedure on a two-year-old child in August 2012
with the largest ECMO unit in the UK.
EMAS is based in
Bilborough on the A6002 near junction 26 of the M1.
CARE Fertility , the UK's largest independent IVF company, and a
pioneer in the field, is next to EMAS on Woodhouse Way Business Park;
Simon Fishel developed the world's first IVF degree course at the
University of Nottingham. There are three (charity-funded) air
ambulance services : the western one is based at EMA , the eastern one
is based at RAF Waddington, and the southern one (shared with
Warwickshire ) is at
Coventry Airport .
NHS East Midlands is at
Sandiacre next to junction 25 of the M1.
AstraZeneca had their (closed
in 2011) Charnwood R
Fisons was the former Genatosan who made the
Sanatogen 'nerve tonic', which was bought by
Fisons in 1946, who had
previously made fertiliser, and not pharmaceuticals; the Loughborough
Fisons Pharmaceuticals in 1964.
3M Health Care (former
Riker Laboratories ) has a factory in the north of
Loughborough on the
A6 , with its head office on the A60 next to the railway station .
Nottingham is an important centre for cutting-edge bioscience
Slimming World , who help people lose weight, is in Pinxton
Alfreton off the A38; on the other side of the railway NHS
Supply Chain was formed in 2006 on the Cotes Park Industrial Estate in
Somercotes ; nearby Diversey UK (former JohnsonDiversey) has a
manufacturing plant, and is based at the A43/A4500 junction at Weston
Favell . Dalatek Plastics make pharmaceutical containers off the B6022
on the Maun Valley Ind Park at Sutton in
Ashfield next to the railway
. Brunel Healthcare (former Peter Black,
Perrigo then NeutraHealth),
Elder Pharmaceuticals , in Swadlincote makes food supplements
. Off the A60 at
Carlton in Lindrick north of Worksop, Robinson
Healthcare makes first aid equipment. Plastek make healthcare
dispensing bottles in Forest Town ,
Mansfield off the A6117. Patterson
Medical UK (including sorbothane insoles) are in Huthwaite, Notts, and
Fresenius Medical Care UK (provides most of the NHS's kidney dialysis
) are there too.
Hitachi Medical Systems UK (ultrasound) are off the A509 in the west
Main article: List of science parks in the
United Kingdom §
Belkin UK (and
Linksys ) UK is along the A45 in
Misco is in
RS Components is in Corby.
Pegasus Software ,
producer of well-known accounting software , is off the A509 in the
south of Kettering.
Serif Europe is in West Bridgford; Serif developed
PagePlus in the 1990s which was the first cheap DTP software. AVG
Technologies has its UK head office on Newark's industrial estate.
Experian have their large data centre at Fairham House south of
Ruddington , with two others in Texas and Brazil. The
is connected by a 640 Gbps dark fibre and runs on IBM's z10 with
Tivoli . BT IT Services is based off the A616 at Barlborough. Phoenix
IT Group is in Briar Hill , off the A5056 (outer ring road) in the
southwest of Northampton.
Inter-Activa is at the LCB Depot in
Leicester city centre.
Nexor is in Nottingham. Entalysis , a business
performance management software company, is located in Burton upon
Trent town centre. AF International (part of H K Wentworth , and make
computer screen cleaners) are at the A511/A42 junction at Ashby de la
Amphenol Jaybeam off the A509 in the west of Wellingborough
makes cellular telephone base station antennas.
Texas Instruments UK
have their Semiconductor Design Centre at
Northampton next to the A45,
previously in Bedford from 1957 to 2005. GE Sensing UK is at Groby off
the A50. Abaco Systems Limited UK (former GE Intelligent Platforms) is
off the A5, south of the A43 roundabout at Towcester.
(former Bookham), at Caswell Research Centre in Greens Norton
(northwest of Towcester) makes indium phosphide wafers and researches
photonic integrated circuits and DSDBR tunable lasers .
Retec Digital at
Magna Park make touch-screen retail solutions.
Infoterra Ltd (Astrium Services GEO-Information) are on Braunstone
Frith, who have exclusive access to the
TerraSAR-X and SPOT
satellites. Weidmüller UK (electrical connectors ) are on the
Meridian estate in southwest Leicester.
Capital One , the
Virginia -based credit card company, has
had its European HQ at Trent House in Nottingham's city centre in a
Boots UK printing works next to the railway station , and
Nottingham City Council since 2009 have taken over the company's
Loxley House next door as their HQ.
Experian , one of
two UK credit-referencing companies, was founded in the city in 1980
(owned by GUS until 2006) and has a large UK HQ to its south west, on
the A453 near the
River Trent .
TDX Group in Nottingham, is now owned
Equifax . Santander (former Alliance half of Britain's mail goes
through there. The Bank of England's MPC Agency for the East Midlands
is sited on the ng2 estate, near
Experian and its economic data.
RBS Group (
NatWest ) has a documents centre (
Williams Lea ) in
Shepshed where it prints its statements for
England and Wales. Orion
Security Print, north of Stanton steel works in Ilkeston, produces
Odeon cinema tickets and library cards. An office of
RR Donnelley on
the B5366 in the west of South Wigston, next to the railway , deals
with all of Barclaycard's mail.
Barclaycard have their Payment
Acceptance Centre next to the A45 in Northampton. The Money Shop
Dollar Financial Group
Dollar Financial Group ) issue payday loans and are the UK's
leading cheque-cashing service, being at Castlebridge, Nottingham,
north of ng2 and next to the railway. GeoAmey (prisoner transport) are
Eurofighter Typhoon is based at
RAF Coningsby ; it will
eventually carry the active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar,
which enables the radar to distinguish between targets and background
noise , which earlier radars could not See also: UK Military Flying
Rutland are very agricultural, with much of the UK's
arable crops grown in this area. The RAF have many bases in this area
too, with the main RAF College at Cranwell near
Sleaford ; the East
Midlands Universities Air Squadron is at Cranwell, also home of the
Eastern Region of the Sea Cadet Corps , and the Officer and Aircrew
Selection Centre . The RAF's six AWACS aircraft are at RAF Waddington
16th Regiment Royal Artillery
16th Regiment Royal Artillery is in Rutland.
Lincolnshire is the second biggest potato producer in
the country, and grows 30% of the country's vegetables.
its UK HQ in Sleaford;
Lincolnshire is the world's leading producer of
daffodils (narcissus family); 40% of the flowers bought in the UK are
grown there; Butters Group supply many bulbs (
Amaryllis ) from Low
Fulney . British Seed Houses at Swinderby, sells a lot of ryegrass and
clover . Greencell import avocados and grapes on the B1180 near the
A16 roundabout at Pinchbeck. The county produces each year enough
sugar beet for 350 million bags of sugar and enough wheat for 250
million loaves. Fowler-Welch Coolchain are based in Spalding , as is
the UK operation of
Bakkavör (former Geest) which is the UK's largest
provider of fresh prepared foods. Off the B1192 near the A52 junction
Kirton Holme south of
Hubberts Bridge , Albert Bartlett produces
Vivaldi potato , much sold in Sainsbury's, and invented in
Lincolnshire. Princes (former
Premier Foods ) have a large operation
in Little Sutton near to Long Sutton canning vegetables with Fray
Bentos meat, and
Batchelors peas. William Sinclair is a horticulture
company in Lincoln.
Magnadata Group in Boston have the contract for
the UK's rail tickets (for ATOC ); the orange-style tickets have been
in operation since 1990. Silver Spoon's
Bardney plant makes the
market-leading Askey\'s dessert toppings . John Deere have their UK
base at Langar on the Nottinghamshire/
Leicestershire boundary next to
RAF Langar . The
British Geological Survey
British Geological Survey is in
Wellingborough administer the British horseracing
industry, having produced the
General Stud Book since 1791.
Skegness and the
Lincolnshire coast provides seaside entertainment
for many people in the
East Midlands with its
Butlins 200-acre resort
Leicester are a popular night time
destination (often for people outside of the East Midlands). Center
Parcs UK is based at the Sherwood Energy Village in New
Ollerton . The
YHA is based in Matlock . Gala Bingo is based in Nottingham; Coral
have over 1,800 UK shops.
Twycross Zoo is just south of
Leicestershire, and the
National Space Centre is in Belgrave in north
Leicester. Imagesound in
Chesterfield are Britain's leading supplier
of music and screens (piped music ) for pubs, hotels and restaurants.
Carlsbro (electronics and speakers) are at South Normanton, on the
east side of the M1, at the B6406/A38 junction.
Peavey Electronics UK
(loudspeakers), are off the A6003, in the southwest of Corby.
Rockingham Motor Speedway
Rockingham Motor Speedway is in Corby, and other racetracks include
Donington Park and
Mallory Park in Leicestershire, and
Cadwell Park in
Silverstone Circuit hosts the
British Grand Prix ,
although the southern half of the track is outside the region. Rutland
Water is popular for sailing, fishing and bird-watching. The Peak
District is the second most popular national park in the world after
Mount Fuji , and Britain's first National Park in 1951.
Electricity generation in the
* West Burton
* Castle Donnington
* High Marnham
* Sutton Bridge
* West Burton
* Burton Wold
Deeping St Nicholas
* Lynn and Inner Dowsing
* Race Bank
East Midlands Electricity
* Pre-nationalisation electric power companies
Sponne School , in
Most secondary schools in the
East Midlands are comprehensives ,
Lincolnshire retains fifteen state grammar schools .
There are around 180,000 students in the region's secondary schools;
this is the second lowest number of students in a region in England,
after the North East , and more than 100,000 lower than the figure for
the West Midlands . Some of the East Midlands' urban secondary schools
hold truancy rates above that of the national average, whereas truancy
rates in the region's rural secondary schools tend to be lower than
the national average.
Nottingham City schools tend to perform less well in terms of GCSE
standards, with some
Leicester schools suffering a similar problem.
Rutland (amongst the highest-performing areas in the region where GCSE
standards are concerned) has one of the highest percentages of pupils
reaching the threshold of five grade A–C GCSEs (including Maths and
English) in England. On a District Council level,
Nottinghamshire tends to attain some of the region's best GCSE
Derbyshire also regularly tend to produce
GCSE results at a standard greater than the national average.
At A-level , Nottinghamshire,
generate results greater than the national average.
to produce better results at A-level than it does at GCSE.
There are eighteen further education colleges in the region,
including: New College
Nottingham , Central College
Leicester College , and Lincoln College .
Learning and Skills Council was headquartered at the
Meridian Business Park in
Braunstone Town , southwest of Leicester.
The LSC has been replaced by the Young People\'s Learning Agency ,
Skills Funding Agency .
TOP TWENTY STATE SCHOOLS IN THE EAST MIDLANDS (2015 A-LEVEL RESULTS)
The University of
Loughborough University is recognised for its green campus
Caistor Grammar School (1079)
The Becket School ,
* Kesteven and
Grantham Girls\' School
* The King\'s School,
* Kesteven and
Sleaford High School
* Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Ashbourne
West Bridgford School
The Ecclesbourne School
* Queen Elizabeth\'s High School , Gainsborough
William Farr School , Welton
The Priory Academy LSST , Lincoln
King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth
* Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Alford
* Spalding High School
Branston Community Academy
Lady Manners School ,
Anthony Gell School ,
Dronfield Henry Fanshawe School
Bourne Grammar School
* Queen Elizabeth\'s Grammar School, Horncastle (858)
Brackenhurst Hall —
Nottingham Trent University 's
agricultural college in Southwell
The East Midlands' universities include: University of
The region's largest university by student population, with around
33,000 students. The university is often ranked in the British top
seven for research power. It is famous for its academic reputation,
consistently ranking highly in university league tables. It is the
Russell Group university in the East Midlands. The university has
Nobel Prize winners.
Loughborough University In
addition to its more traditional academic work, Loughborough
University is well-regarded for its sporting heritage. One notable
sporting alumna is British gold-medallist
Paula Radcliffe . The
British Olympic athletics team trained at the university as part of
their preparations for the
2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics . The adidas Jabulani
football, the official football for the 2010 World Cup , was designed
in the university's Sports Technology Institute .
Nottingham Trent University is the East Midlands' second
largest university (and one of the largest universities in the United
Kingdom), with a student population of approximately 24,000.
Leicester The university has established itself as a
leading research-led university and has been named University of the
Year of 2008 by the Times Higher Education. The University of
Leicester is also the only university ever to have won a Times Higher
Education award in seven consecutive years. The University is most
famous for the invention of genetic fingerprinting DNA, the discovery
of the remains of King Richard III and Space research. It houses
Europe's biggest academic centre for space research, in which space
probes have been built, most notably the Mars Lander Beagle 2, which
was built in collaboration with the Open University. It is a founding
partner of the
National Space Centre which is based in Leicester. De
Montfort University The region's third largest university. It is a
public research and teaching university. The university has one of the
largest numbers of Teacher Fellows of any UK university and was
awarded Centre of Excellence status for its performance practice
teaching and student support University of
Northampton The only
Northamptonshire , with two campuses in
a developing partnership with
Silverstone . University of
Formerly a centre and college for teacher training,
works closely with businesses of the area with its University of
Derby–Corporate programme and has a history of academics dating back
University of Lincoln
University of Lincoln An English university founded in 1992,
with origins tracing back to the foundation and association with the
Hull School of Art 1861.
Bishop Grosseteste University The newest
university in the East Midlands, formerly a university college.
The region has the lowest proportion of part-time students in
England. The region has a higher influx of young people into the
region at the university stage than out of the region into other
regions' universities. Only 25% of the region's students undertaking a
first degree are native to the region.
See also: Category:Sport in
The region has a good sporting tradition, with some of the most
well-known sports personalities –- David Gower (Leicestershire
Gary Lineker ,
Rory Underwood (
Leicester Tigers ) and
Jonathan Agnew .
British Gliding Association is based in
Leicester on Meridian
Business Park, off the A563 in Braunstone. The National Ice Skating
Association is based in
Nottingham (and many of Britain's Olympic ice
skaters train in Nottingham);
Nottingham Panthers are in the Elite Ice
Hockey League . The
British Caving Association is at Great Hucklow,
the UK sports governing body. The
British Canoe Union is in Bingham.
1978 BDO World Darts Championship was held in Nottingham,
in February 1978, being largely the idea of Nick Hunter, a
producer, and the event first introduced
Sid Waddell .
Notts County F.C.
Notts County F.C. is the world's oldest football league side. Sam
Weller Widdowson brought in shin pads in 1874. The first referee 's
whistle was at
Nottingham in 1872.
East Midlands is home to several professional and
semi-professional association football (soccer) clubs.
National League North
National League North
National League North
National League North
East Midlands is home to two top-tier (
Aviva Premiership ) clubs.
Leicester Tigers are an English rugby union club based in Leicester
at the Welford Road stadium and play in the Aviva Premiership. They
were formed in 1880; their colours are green, burgundy and white.
Leicester Tigers are one of the most successful Rugby Union teams in
Europe (if not globally) and the most successful English club since
the introduction of league rugby in 1987, having won the European cup
twice, the first tier of English rugby ten times, and the Anglo-Welsh
cup seven times.
Northampton Saints are a professional rugby union club from
Northampton, England. They were formed in 1880, and play in black,
green, and gold colours. The team play their home games at Franklin's
Gardens, which has a capacity of 15,500. Their biggest rivals are
Leicester Tigers. "The
East Midlands Derby" is one of the fiercest
rivalries in English Rugby Union.
in the Cricket T20 North group ;
Northamptonshire was formerly in the
previous Midlands group .
Leicester Riders , who play at DMU, are the oldest club in British
basketball, founded in 1967.
RML Group (
Ray Mallock ) BTCC and WTCC motorsport team is in
Wellingborough, next to the UK HQ of Vredestein tyres (Dutch). Bamboo
Engineering WTCC are at Silverstone.
Amateur Swimming Association is the world's first swimming
governing body, founded 1869, now based in Loughborough. British
Swimming have one of its three Intensive Training Centres at
Loughborough Pool in their Sport Development
The Waltham on the Wolds transmitter covers large parts of the
East Midlands region of
BBC Television , based in
Nottingham, produces several regional television programmes including
the news programme
East Midlands Today from Waltham. This excludes
Northamptonshire , north
Nottinghamshire and north Derbyshire
. Most of
Lincolnshire is covered by the
Lincolnshire region based in Hull , with its Look North programme from
Belmont ; north
Derbyshire (Chesterfield), the eastern High Peak (Hope
Valley ) and northern area of the
Derbyshire Dales (
Hathersage ) are covered by
Yorkshire from Emley Moor , with its
Look North from
Leeds . The western area of the High Peak (Buxton,
New Mills and Chapel-en-le-Frith) in
Derbyshire are covered
BBC North West from Winter Hill and
Granada Television , both based
Northamptonshire is part of the
BBC East region based
in Norwich and has the Look East programme from Sandy Heath . Most of
Northamptonshire can receive Central News East, with western parts of
the county (Daventry) receiving Central News West, and Southern parts
of the county (around Brackley,
Towcester and Northampton) receiving
Thames Valley Tonight, which used to be the Central south region.
Central News East also covered the East Midlands, broadcasting from
Lenton Lane in
Nottingham from March 1984. The studios were closed and
is now the King\'s Meadow Campus of
Nottingham University . These
studios had been responsible for
Family Fortunes and Who Wants to Be a
Millionaire? . Central News East still continues, broadcasting from
ITV Central 's
Northamptonshire has Anglia
Anglia Tonight programme and most of
Nottinghamshire (excluding south Nottinghamshire) has Yorkshire
Television 's Calendar . Digital switchover took place in April 2011
Northampton areas; Waltham and Belmont
(including the local repeater stations) changed in late August 2011.
* MATV , based in
Leicester , which caters to the area's large South
Radio Northampton's Broadcasting House
Whaley Bridge and
Chapel-en-le-Frith ) and Sheffield (for
Leicester was the first local radio station in the
United Kingdom .
* Many commercial, student and community radio stations: Capital
East Midlands (formerly Trent FM, RAM FM and
Leicester Sound), Gem 106
(formerly Heart 106),
Heart Home Counties (Northamptonshire) (formerly
Demon FM (
Leicester ), Peak FM (
Chesterfield and North
Lincs FM (
Lincolnshire and Newark-on-Trent), Takeover
Leicester & Nottingham),
Oak FM (
Harborough FM , The Eye (Melton Mowbray),
Rutland Radio , Boundary
Mansfield 103.2 FM ,
Trax FM (Bassetlaw),
Ashbourne Radio (Ashbourne on 96.7FM & 101.8FM
Amber Sound FM ,
Erewash Sound , High Peak Radio
Connect 97.2 & 107.4 (Corby,
British Parachute Schools at Langar
There are many regional lifestyle publications, the largest and most
widely read being: Lifeborder:solid #aaa 1px">
Scouting in East Midlands
1185 East Midlands earthquake
List of schools in the East Midlands
East Midlands Regional Select Committee
South Midlands , a name for the southern part of the East
* ^ French, Dan (2004). Walk Britain: the handbook and
accommodation guide of the Ramblers\' Association. Ramblers'
Association. p. 143. ISBN 9781901184679 .
East Midlands Geological Society
* ^ "East midlands aggregates working party: annual report 2012"
* ^ A B Biodiversity Partnerships
* ^ "History of Sherwood Forest,
Robin Hood and Major Oak".
Nottinghamshire County Council. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
* ^ "Regional Transport Strategy: the National Picture". Government
Office for the
East Midlands . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "The LTP Process".
Department for Transport
Department for Transport . Archived from the
original on 16 August 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Derbyshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Leicestershire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Leicestershire
County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Lincolnshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan". Lincolnshire
County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Northamptonshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Northamptonshire County Council . Archived from the original on 22 May
2008. Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Nottinghamshire 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Nottinghamshire County Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Rutland 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Derby 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Derby City Council .
Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Leicester 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "
Nottingham 2006–11 Local Transport Plan".
Council . Retrieved 7 May 2009.
* ^ "HEFCE 2007 Regional profiles East Midlands" (PDF). HEFCE. 18
July 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
* ^ LSOA deprivation data Archived 9 June 2012 at the Wayback
* ^ North–south divide
* ^ Claimant count
* ^ Manufacturing Advisory Service
East Midlands Museum Service
* ^ YPLA East Midlands
East Midlands Gifted and Talented Partnership