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The PROVINCE OF EAST JERSEY, along with the Province of West Jersey , between 1674 and 1702 in accordance with the Quintipartite Deed were two distinct political divisions of the Province of New Jersey , which became the U.S. state of New Jersey . The two provinces were amalgamated in 1702. East Jersey's capital was located at Perth Amboy . Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey was often a matter of dispute.

The area comprising East Jersey had been part of New Netherland . Early settlement (including today's Bergen and Hudson counties ) by the Dutch included Pavonia (1633), Vriessendael (1640) and Achter Col (1642) These settlements were compromised in Kieft\'s War (1643–1645) and the Peach Tree War (1655–1660). Settlers again returned to the western shores of the Hudson River in the 1660 formation of Bergen, New Netherland , which would become the first permanent European settlement in the territory of the modern state of New Jersey. During the Second Anglo-Dutch War , on August 27, 1664, New Amsterdam surrendered to English forces.

Between 1664 and 1674 most settlement was from other parts of the Americas, especially New England , Long Island , and the West Indies . Elizabethtown and Newark in particular had a strong Puritan character. South of the Raritan River the Monmouth Tract was developed primarily by Quakers from Long Island. In 1675, East Jersey was partitioned into four counties for administrative purposes: Bergen County , Essex County , Middlesex County , and Monmouth County . There were seven established towns: Shrewsbury , Middleton , Piscataway , Woodbridge , Elizabethtown , Newark , and Bergen . In a survey taken in 1684 the population was estimated to be 3500 individuals in about 700 families. (African slaves were not included).

Although a number of the East Jersey proprietors in England were Quakers and the governor through most of the 1680s was the leading Quaker Robert Barclay , the Quaker influence on government was not significant. Even the immigration instigated by Barclay was oriented toward promoting Scottish influence more than Quaker influence. In 1682 Barclay and the other Scottish proprietors began the development of Perth Amboy as the capital of the province.

Frequent disputes between the residents and the mostly-absentee proprietors over land ownership and quitrents plagued the province until its surrender to Queen Anne 's government in 1702.

CONTENTS

* 1 Constitution * 2 Governors of East Jersey (1674–1702) * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Other sources * 6 External links

CONSTITUTION

_See: History of the New Jersey State Constitution#East Jersey Constitution _

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY (1674–1702)

_See also: Lords Proprietor (1665–1703) and Governors under the Proprietors (1665–1674) _

Philip Carteret 1674–1682

Robert Barclay 1682–1688

Edmund Andros 1688–1689 Governed as the Dominion of New England

Andrew Hamilton 1692–1697

Jeremiah Basse 1698–1699

Andrew Hamilton 1699–1702

SEE ALSO

* Concession and Agreement * List of colonial governors of New Jersey

REFERENCES

* ^ _ New Jersey Guide to Its Present and Past_ (Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration. New York: The Viking Press, 1939)

OTHER SOURCES

* Winfield, Charles H. _History of the County of Hudson, New Jersey_ (New York: Kennard April 17 * 1712 – Charles II's Grant of New England to the Duke of York, 1676 – Exemplified by Queen Anne * 1776 – Constitution of New Jersey

* The journall of the procedure of the governor and Councill of the province of East New Jersey : from and after the first day of December Anno Dmni 1682

* v * t * e

_ British Empire

Legend Current territory Former territory * Now a Commonwealth realm Now a member of the Commonwealth of Nations _ _Historical flags of the British Empire _

EUROPE

* 1542–1800 Ireland (integrated into UK) * 1708–1757, 1763–1782 and 1798–1802 Minorca * Since 1713 Gibraltar * 1800–1813 _Malta (Protectorate) _ * 1813–1964 _Malta (Colony) _ * 1807–1890 Heligoland * 1809–1864 Ionian Islands * 1878–1960 _ Cyprus _ * 1921–1937 Irish Free State

NORTH AMERICA

17th century and before 18th century 19th and 20th century

* 1579 New Albion * 1583–1907 Newfoundland * 1605–1979 *_Saint Lucia _ * 1607–1776 Virginia * Since 1619 Bermuda * 1620–1691 Plymouth * 1623–1883 Saint Kitts * 1624–1966 *_Barbados _ * 1625–1650 Saint Croix * 1627–1979 *_Saint Vincent and the Grenadines _ * 1628–1883 Nevis * 1629–1691 Massachusetts Bay * 1632–1776 Maryland * since 1632 Montserrat * 1632–1860 Antigua * 1636–1776 Connecticut * 1636–1776 Rhode Island * 1637–1662 New Haven

* 1643–1860 Bay Islands * Since 1650 Anguilla * 1655–1850 Mosquito Coast * 1655–1962 *_Jamaica _ * 1663–1712 Carolina * 1664–1776 New York * 1665–1674 and 1702–1776 New Jersey * Since 1666 Virgin Islands * Since 1670 Cayman Islands * 1670–1973 *_Bahamas _ * 1670–1870 Rupert\'s Land * 1671–1816 Leeward Islands * 1674–1702 East Jersey * 1674–1702 West Jersey * 1680–1776 New Hampshire * 1681–1776 Pennsylvania * 1686–1689 New England * 1691–1776 Massachusetts Bay

* 1701–1776 Delaware * 1712–1776 North Carolina * 1712–1776 South Carolina * 1713–1867 Nova Scotia * 1733–1776 Georgia * 1754–1820 Cape Breton Island * 1762–1974 *_Grenada _ * 1763–1978 _Dominica _ * 1763–1873 Prince Edward Island * 1763–1791 Quebec * 1763–1783 East Florida * 1763–1783 West Florida * 1784–1867 New Brunswick * 1791–1841 Lower Canada * 1791–1841 Upper Canada * Since 1799 Turks and Caicos Islands

* 1818–1846 Columbia District / Oregon Country 1 * 1833–1960 Windward Islands * 1833–1960 Leeward Islands * 1841–1867 Canada * 1849–1866 Vancouver Island * 1853–1863 Queen Charlotte Islands * 1858–1866 British Columbia * 1859–1870 North-Western Territory * 1860–1981 *_British Antigua and Barbuda _ * 1862–1863 Stickeen * 1866–1871 British Columbia * 1867–1931 *_ Dominion of Canada _2 * 1871–1964 Honduras * 1882–1983 *_ Saint Kitts and Nevis _ * 1889–1962 _Trinidad and Tobago _ * 1907–1949 Newfoundland 3 * 1958–1962 West Indies Federation

* 1. Occupied jointly with the United States. * 2. In 1931, Canada and other British dominions obtained self-government through the Statute of Westminster . See Name of Canada . * 3. Gave up self-rule in 1934, but remained a _de jure _ Dominion until it joined Canada in 1949.

SOUTH AMERICA

* 1631–1641 Providence Island * 1651–1667 Willoughbyland * 1670–1688 Saint Andrew and Providence Islands 4 * 1831–1966 _Guiana _ * Since 1833 Falkland Islands 5 * Since 1908 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 5

* 4. Now a department of Colombia . * 5. Occupied by Argentina during the Falklands War of April–June 1982.

AFRICA

17th and 18th centuries 19th century 20th century

* Since 1658 Saint Helena 14 * 1792–1961 _Sierra Leone _ * 1795–1803 Cape Colony

* Since 1815 Ascension Island 14 * Since 1816 Tristan da Cunha 14 * 1806–1910 Cape of Good Hope * 1807–1808 Madeira * 1810–1968 _ Mauritius _ * 1816–1965 The Gambia * 1856–1910 Natal * 1862–1906 Lagos * 1868–1966 Basutoland * 1874–1957 Gold Coast * 1882–1922 Egypt

* 1884–1900 Niger Coast * 1884–1966 Bechuanaland * 1884–1960 Somaliland * 1887–1897 Zululand * 1890–1962 _Uganda _ * 1890–1963 Zanzibar * 1891–1964 Nyasaland * 1891–1907 Central Africa * 1893–1968 _Swaziland _ * 1895–1920 East Africa * 1899–1956 Sudan

* 1900–1914 Northern Nigeria * 1900–1914 Southern Nigeria * 1900–1910 Orange River * 1900–1910 Transvaal * 1903–1976 _ Seychelles _ * 1910–1931 _South Africa _ * 1914–1960 Nigeria * 1915–1931 South-West Africa * 1919–1961 Cameroons 6 * 1920–1963 _Kenya _ * 1922–1961 Tanganyika 6 * 1923–1965 and 1979–1980 Southern Rhodesia 7 * 1924–1964 Northern Rhodesia

* 6. League of Nations mandate . * 7. Self-governing Southern Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence in 1965 (as Rhodesia ) and continued as an unrecognised state until the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement . After recognised independence in 1980, Zimbabwe was a member of the Commonwealth until it withdrew in 2003.

ASIA

17th and 18th century 19th century 20th century

* 1685–1824 Bencoolen * 1702–1705 Pulo Condore * 1757–1947 Bengal * 1762–1764 Manila and Cavite * 1781-1784 and 1795-1819 Padang * 1786–1946 Penang * 1795–1948 Ceylon * 1796–1965 _Maldives _

* 1812–1824 Banka and Billiton * 1819–1826 Malaya * 1826–1946 Straits Settlements * 1839–1967 Aden * 1839–1842 Afghanistan * 1841–1997 Hong Kong * 1841–1946 Sarawak * 1848–1946 Labuan * 1858–1947 India * 1874–1963 Borneo

* 1879–1919 Afghanistan (protectorate) * 1882–1963 North Borneo * 1885–1946 Unfederated Malay States * 1888–1984 _Brunei _ * 1891–1971 Muscat and Oman * 1892–1971 Trucial States * 1895–1946 Federated Malay States * 1898–1930 Weihai * 1878–1960 _ Cyprus _

* 1907–1949 Bhutan (protectorate) * 1918–1961 Kuwait * 1920–1932 Mesopotamia 8 * 1921–1946 Transjordan 8 * 1923–1948 Palestine 8 * 1945–1946 South Vietnam * 1946–1963 North Borneo * 1946–1963 Sarawak * 1946–1963 _Singapore _ * 1946–1948 Malayan Union * 1948–1957 Federation of Malaya * Since 1960 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (before as part of Cyprus ) * Since 1965 British Indian Ocean Territory (before as part of Mauritius and the Seychelles )

8 League of Nations mandate . Iraq's mandate was not enacted and replaced by the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty

OCEANIA

18th and 19th centuries 20th century

* 1788–1901 New South Wales * 1803–1901 Van Diemen\'s Land /Tasmania * 1807–1863 Auckland Islands 9 * 1824–1980 New Hebrides * 1824–1901 Queensland * 1829–1901 Swan River /Western Australia * 1836–1901 South Australia * since 1838 Pitcairn Islands

* 1841–1907 New Zealand * 1851–1901 Victoria * 1874–1970 _Fiji _10 * 1877–1976 Western Pacific Territories * 1884–1949 Papua * 1888–1901 Rarotonga /Cook Islands 9 * 1889–1948 Union Islands 9 * 1892–1979 Gilbert and Ellice Islands 11 * 1893–1978