HOME
The Info List - East Java


--- Advertisement ---



East Java
Java
(Indonesian: Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Javanese: Jåwå Wétan)[4] is a province of Indonesia. Located in eastern Java, it includes the island of Madura, which is connected to Java
Java
by the longest bridge in Indonesia, the Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia
Indonesia
and a major industrial center. Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is the largest regency in East Java
Java
and the largest on the island of Java.[citation needed] It covers an area of 47,800 km2, According to the 2010 Census estimates, there were 37,476,757 people residing in the East Java, making it Indonesia's second-most-populous province; the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 41,529,481. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java
Central Java
to the west; the Java Sea
Java Sea
and the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait
Bali Strait
to the east separates Java
Java
from Bali.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Administrative divisions 4 Demography

4.1 Languages 4.2 Religion

5 Art and culture

5.1 Art 5.2 Culture

6 Education 7 Media 8 Tourism 9 National parks 10 Cuisine 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] The Dinoyo inscriptions found near the city of Malang
Malang
are the oldest written sources in East Java, dating from 760 CE. They tell of many political and cultural events in the Kingdom of Dinoyo. The name of Malang
Malang
nais thought to come from the name of a sacred building called Malangkuseswara. This name is contained in at least one inscription, namely, the Mantyasih inscription written in 907 CE. In 1222, Ken Arok founded the Kingdom of Singhasari, which he ruled until 1292. Before coming to power, Ken Arok seized power in Tumapel (Kediri) from Tungul Ametung. Ken Arok dynasty's descendants became kings of Singhasari
Singhasari
and Majapahit
Majapahit
from the 13th until the 15th century. In 1227, Anusapati killed Ken Arok, and later became king of Singasari. Anusapati's power only lasted 20 years, before he was killed by Tohjaya. Three years later, Tohjaya was killed in the uprising led by Jaya Wisnuwardhana, son of Anusapati. In 1268, Wisnuwardhana died, and he was succeeded by Kertanegara (1268-1292). In 1292 Kertanegara was defeated by a rebel named Jayakatwang, ending the power of Kertanegara power and the history of Singhasari. In 1294, the Kingdom of Majapahit
Majapahit
was founded. Its founder was Raden Wijaya. Majapahit
Majapahit
reached its peak during the reign of Hayam Wuruk. He was accompanied by the mahapatih Gajah Mada. Together they managed to unite the vast territory under the name Dwipantara. In 1357, the Bubat event occurred, the war between the King of Sunda and the Majapahit Patih Gajah Mada. This event stems from the desire to take the king Hayam Wuruk
Hayam Wuruk
Sundanese princess named Dyah Pitaloka as queen. However, because of a misunderstanding about the procedure of marriage, the plan led to a battle in Bubat. Majapahit
Majapahit
troops, under the command of Gajah Mada
Gajah Mada
defeated Pajajaran. In 1389, Hayam Wuruk
Hayam Wuruk
died, and was succeeded by Wikramawardhana. This era was the beginning of the collapse of Majapahit. After that period, Islam
Islam
began to spread across Java
Java
and the Europeans started their colonisation of the Malay archipelago. At the beginning of the 20th century, the royal government system was abolished, replaced by a system of residency. During the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, there was persistent resistance against the Japanese rule. In Blitar, an uprising by PETA (Defenders of the Homeland) led by Supriyadi, Moeradi, Halir Mangkudijoyo, and Soemarto occurred in early 1945, but it was crushed by the Japanese. Two weeks after the proclamation of independence, Surabaya
Surabaya
established its own government in the shape of a resident, R. Sudirman. The formation of government in Surabaya
Surabaya
caused disputes between the republican forces and Japanese troops, resulting in various skirmishes across the city. This was because when the Japanese surrendered, they were obliged to remain in power until the allied forces arrived. The arrival of Allied forces in Surabaya
Surabaya
created tensions with the newly established government of Indonesia, reaching peak on 10 November 1945 where a major battle between the Surabayan residents led by Sutomo
Sutomo
and Allied forces. The battle forced the governor, Suryo, on the advice of People's Security Army (TKR), to move the seat of the government to the Mojokerto
Mojokerto
area. A week later, the government retreated again to a more secure location in Kediri. However, security situation Kediri worsen until finally, in February 1947, the East Java
Java
provincial government fled to Malang. While the administration was based in Malang, Gobvernor Suryo was replaced by R.P. Suroso, who was in turn replaced again by Dr. Moerdjani. On 21 July 1947, although still bound by the Linggadjati Agreement
Linggadjati Agreement
and a ceasefire agreement in effect since 14 October 1946, the Dutch commenced a military action, Operation Product, which led to deteriorating security conditions in Malang. The East Java
Java
provincial government finally moved again to Blitar. This military action ended after the Renville Agreement. However, this agreement had negative consequences for East Java, namely, a reduction in the territory controlled by the East Java
Java
provincial government. The Netherlands then turned the areas under its control into new states, such as the State of Madura
State of Madura
and the State of East Java. Amid the difficulties faced by the government of Indonesia, a left-wing opposition group, Front Demokrasi Rakyat (FDR, People's Democratic Front) launched rebellion in Madiun
Madiun
on 18 September 1948, which is known as the Madiun
Madiun
Affair. However, eventually this revolt was defeated by the Indonesian Army. On 19 December 1948, the Dutch launched Operation Kraai. Blitar, which the seat of the East Java provincial government was attacked by the Dutch. Governor Dr. Moerdjani and his staff were forced to flee and joined the guerrillas on the slopes of Mount Willis. Operation Kraai ended after the Roem–van Roijen Agreement on 7 May 1949. Following the Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference, at which the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty to the United States of Indonesia, the Dutch withdrew its troops from East Java. East Java changed its status from a province into a state. However, on 25 February 1950, this was dissolved and became part of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia. The State of Madura
State of Madura
also decided to join Indonesia. Geography[edit] East Java
Java
province borders the Java Sea
Java Sea
in the north, the Strait of Bali
Bali
in the east, the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
in the south, as well as the Central Java
Central Java
province in the west. The length of the east-west stretch of about 400 km. The width of the stretch of the north-south in the west about 200 km, but in the eastern part of narrower by about 60 km. Madura
Madura
is the largest island in East Java, separated from the mainland Java
Java
by the Strait of Madura. Bawean Island
Bawean Island
is located about 150 km north of Java. In the east of Madura
Madura
there are a cluster of islands, the easternmost is Kangean Island
Kangean Island
and the northernmost is Masalembu Islands. In the southern part there are two small islands namely Nusa Barong and Sempu Island. In physiographic, East Java
Java
Province can be grouped into three zones: the southern zone (plato), the middle zone (volcanic), and the northern zone (folds). Lowlands and highlands in the middle (of Ngawi, Blitar, Malang, to Bondowoso) has a fairly fertile soil. In the northern part ( Bojonegoro, Tuban, Gresik, to Madura
Madura
Island) lies the Kapur Utara mountains and the Kendeng mountains which are relatively barren . In the middle of the province stretch mountain ranges and volcanoes: On the border with Central Java
Central Java
is Mount Lawu
Mount Lawu
(3,265 metres). Southeast from Madiun
Madiun
is Mount Wilis
Mount Wilis
(2,169 metres), and Mount Liman (2,563 metres). In the middle of the corridor lies the Anjasmoro mountains with peaks Mount Arjuno (3,339 metres), Mount Welirang (3,156 metres), Mount Anjasmoro (2,277 metres), Mount Kawi (2,551 metres), and Mount Kelud
Mount Kelud
(1,731 metres); The mountains are located in most Kediri, Blitar, Malang, Pasuruan, Mojokerto
Mojokerto
and Jombang. The group has the peak of Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo
Tengger (2,329 metres), and Mount Semeru (3,676 metres). Mount Semeru, which is also called Mahameru is the highest mountain in the island of Java. In the easternmost part if the province, there are two groups of mountains: the Iyang mountains with the peak Mount Argopuro (3,088 metres), the Ijen mountains with the peak Mount Raung
Mount Raung
(3344 metres) In the south there is a series of hills, that of the south coast of Pacitan, Trenggalek, Tulungagung, Blitar, Malang. the Kapur Selatan mountains is a continuation of a series of the Sewu mountains in Yogyakarta. Two of the most important rivers in East Java
Java
is the Brantas River (290 kilometres), and the Solo River
Solo River
(548 kilometrrs). Brantas River
Brantas River
has headwaters on the slopes Mount Arjuno near Batu, and flows through most areas in East Java, like Malang, Blitar, Tulungagung, Kediri, Jombang and Mojokerto. In Mojokerto, Brantas River split into two: Kali Mas, and Porong; both empties into the Madura
Madura
Strait. Solo River
Solo River
has headwaters on the slopes of Mount Lawu which lies on the border of East Java
Java
and Central Java, and flows through a portion of the eastern part of Central Java
Central Java
and East Java, which eventually empties in Gresik. Brantas River
Brantas River
and Bengawan Solo are managed by Perum Jasa Tirta I. On the slopes of Mount Lawu
Mount Lawu
near the border with Central Java
Central Java
are Sarangan, a natural lake. The main dam in East Java, among others Ir. Sutami and Selorejo Dam, which is used for irrigation, fish farming and tourism. East Java
Java
has a wet tropical climate. Compared with the western part of Java
Java
Island, East Java
Java
in general has less rainfall. Average rainfall is 1,900 mm per year, with a rainy season during the 100 days. The average temperature ranges between 21-34 °C. Temperatures in the lower mountain areas, and even in areas Ranu Pani (slopes of Mount Semeru), temperatures can reach minus 4 °C, causing a downfall of soft snow. Administrative divisions[edit]

See also: Subdivisions of Indonesia
Indonesia
and Districts of East Java

East Java
Java
is divided into 29 kabupaten (or regencies), and 9 kotamadya (or cities). This list of regions with their areas and populations at the 2000 and 2010[5] and at the latest (January 2014) census estimates:

Name Capital Area (km²) Population 2000 Census Population 2010 Census Population 2014 estimate HDI[6] 2014 estimate

Mojokerto
Mojokerto
City 16.47 108,938 120,196 123,572 0.750 (High)

Pasuruan
Pasuruan
City 35.29 168,323 186,262 191,494 0.732 (High)

Surabaya
Surabaya
City 350.54 2,599,796 2,765,487 2,843,144 0.788 (High)

Gresik
Gresik
Regency (includes Bawean
Bawean
Island) Gresik 1,191.25 1,005,445 1,177,042 1,210,105 0.728 (High)

Lamongan
Lamongan
Regency Lamongan 1,782.05 1,181,660 1,179,059 1,212,179 0.694 (Medium)

Mojokerto
Mojokerto
Regency Mojosari 717.83 908,004 1,025,443 1,054,248 0.702 (High)

Pasuruan
Pasuruan
Regency Bangil 1,474.02 1,366,605 1,512,468 1,554,956 0.643 (Medium)

Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
Regency Sidoarjo 634.38 1,563,015 1,941,497 1,996,034 0.767 (High)

Surabaya
Surabaya
sub-regional totals

6,201.83 8,901,786 9,907,454 10,185,732

Madiun
Madiun
City 33.92 163,956 170,964 175,767 0.788 (High)

Bojonegoro
Bojonegoro
Regency Bojonegoro 2,198.79 1,165,401 1,209,973 1,243,961 0.652 (Medium)

Jombang Regency Jombang 1,115.09 1,126,930 1,202,407 1,236,184 0.690 (Medium)

Madiun
Madiun
Regency Mejayan 1,037.58 639,825 662,278 680,881 0.686 (Medium)

Magetan
Magetan
Regency Magetan 688.84 615,254 620,442 637,872 0.702 (High)

Nganjuk
Nganjuk
Regency Nganjuk 1,224.25 973,472 1,017,030 1,045,598 0.695 (Medium)

Ngawi Regency Ngawi 1,295.98 813,228 817,765 840,736 0.677 (Medium)

Tuban
Tuban
Regency Tuban 1,834.15 1,051,999 1,118,464 1,149,882 0.645 (Medium)

Northwest sub-regional totals

9,428.60 6,550,065 6,819,323 7,010,881

Probolinggo
Probolinggo
City 56.67 191,522 217,062 223,159 0.704 (High)

Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
Regency Banyuwangi 5,782.40 1,488,791 1,556,078 1,599,788 0.673 (Medium)

Bondowoso
Bondowoso
Regency Bondowoso 1,525.97 688,651 736,772 757,468 0.634 (Medium)

Jember
Jember
Regency Jember 3,092.34 2,187,657 2,332,726 2,398,252 0.626 (Medium)

Lumajang
Lumajang
Regency Lumajang 1,790.90 965,192 1,006,458 1,034,730 0.623 (Medium)

Probolinggo
Probolinggo
Regency Kraksaan 1,696.21 1,004,967 1,096,244 1,127,041 0.630 (Medium)

Situbondo
Situbondo
Regency Situbondo 1,669.87 603,705 647,619 665,818 0.639 (Medium)

Far Southeast sub-regional totals

15,614.36 7,130,485 7,592,959 7,806,256

Batu City 136.74 (included in Malang
Malang
Regency) 190,184 195,526 0.718 (High)

Blitar
Blitar
City 32.57 119,372 131,968 135,675 0.752 (High)

Kediri City 63.40 244,519 268,507 276,051 0.746 (High)

Malang
Malang
City 145.28 756,982 820,243 843,284 0.789 (High)

Blitar
Blitar
Regency Kanigoro 1,336.48 1,064,643 1,116,639 1,148,005 0.668 (Medium)

Kediri Regency Ngasem 1,386.05 1,408,353 1,499,768 1,541,897 0.684 (Medium)

Malang
Malang
Regency Kepanjen 3,530.65 2,412,570 2,446,218 2,514,932 0.655 (Medium)

Pacitan
Pacitan
Regency Pacitan 1,389.92 525,758 540,881 556,074 0.638 (Medium)

Ponorogo
Ponorogo
Regency Ponorogo 1,305.70 841,449 855,281 879,306 0.674 (Medium)

Trenggalek
Trenggalek
Regency Trenggalek 1,147.22 649,883 674,411 693,355 0.661 (Medium)

Tulungagung
Tulungagung
Regency Tulungagung 1,055.65 929,833 990,158 1,017,972 0.694 (Medium)

Southern sub-regional totals

11,529.66 8,953,362 9,534,258 9,802,077

East Java (excluding Madura) Totals

42,774.45 31,535,693 33,853,994 34,804,946

Bangkalan Regency Bangkalan 1,001.44 805,048 906,761 932,232 0.607 (Medium)

Pamekasan
Pamekasan
Regency Pamekasan 792.24 689,225 795,918 818,283 0.626 (Medium)

Sampang Regency Sampang 1,233.08 750,046 877,772 902,429 0.569 (Low)

Sumenep
Sumenep
Regency Sumenep 1,998.54 985,981 1,042,312 1,071,591 0.614 (Medium)

Madura
Madura
Totals

5,025.30 3,230,300 3,622,763 3,724,535

Total for Province

47,799.75 34,765,993 37,476,757 38,529,481 0.681 (Medium)

Demography[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1971 25,516,999 —    

1980 29,188,852 +14.4%

1990 32,503,991 +11.4%

1995 33,844,002 +4.1%

2000 34,783,640 +2.8%

2010 37,476,757 +7.7%

2014 41,529,481 +10.8%

Source: Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik
2010, 2014 Health Ministry[1]

According to the 2000 census, East Java
Java
had 34,765,993 people, which increased to 37,476,757 people at the 2010 Census,[7] making it the second most populous Indonesian province after West Java. Akin to Central Java, the region's birth rates are not necessarily any lower than the rest of Java, however due to net population outflows, especially in times of calamity, not limited to volcanic eruptions or droughts, the region has varying rates of population growth that are generally lower than national average. Ethnic Javanese dominate the Java
Java
mainland as well as the total population of the province overall, while ethnic Madurese inhabit Madura
Madura
and the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos, though centuries of migrations have led the Java mainland to have a larger proportion of Madurese people
Madurese people
than Madura itself. Minorities include distinct Javanese ethnicities such as the Tengger people in Bromo, the Samin and the Osing people
Osing people
in Banyuwangi. East Java
Java
also hosts a significant population of foreign ethnic groups, such as Chinese, Indians, and Arabs. Languages[edit] Besides the formal language, Indonesian, East Java
Java
people use Javanese as daily language. Javanese as spoken in the western part of East Java (Kulonan) is a similar dialect to the one spoken in Central Java, with its hierarchy of high, medium, and low registers. In the eastern part, such as Surabaya, Malang, and others, a more egalitarian version of Javanese is spoken, with less regard of hierarchy and a richer vocabulary for vulgarity. The dialect is notable for its roughness compared to other dialects spoken elsewhere in Java
Java
(especially the Mataram dialect spoken around Surakarta
Surakarta
and Yogyakarta, which is renowned for its smoothness) and contributes to the stereotype among Javanese people
Javanese people
of East Javanese being "blunt" and "loud". Variants of Javanese are also used by Osing and Tengger minorities, the former utilizing a Balinese-influenced Javanese by virtue of its closeness with Bali
Bali
island, and the latter speaking an archaic form of the language that retains many features now lost in other more-innovative Javanese dialects. Other than Javanese, minority language includes Madurese, spoken by around 15 million ethnic Madurese people
Madurese people
inhabiting Madura
Madura
and the Kangean and Masalembu Islands. Though they live practically next door with the Javanese, the language is actually more closer genetically to Balinese, Malay, and Sundanese. Religion[edit]

Religion
Religion
in East Java
Java
(2010 census)[8]

religion

percent

Islam

96.36%

Christianity

2.32%

other, not stated or not asked

0.84%

Hinduism

0.30%

Buddhism

0.16%

Confucianism

0.02%

A long time ago, Hinduism and Buddhism dominated the island until Islam
Islam
gradually supplanted Hinduism in the 14th and 15th century. The last nobles and people of the fallen Majapahit
Majapahit
fled to Bali. Islam spread from northern cities in Java
Java
where many Muslim
Muslim
traders from Gujarat, India
India
stopped by. The eastern part of East Java, from Surabaya
Surabaya
to Pasuruan, and the cities along the coast, and back to Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
to Jember, are known as the eastern salient, or "Kawasan Tapal Kuda" (the Horseshoe Region). A remnant of Hindu tradition and syncretic abangan is exist because of Islamic and Hinduism acculturation in Java. Art and culture[edit] Art[edit] East Java
Java
has a number of distinctive art. Ludruk is one of the East Javanese art is quite well known, namely the art of the stage that generally all the players are male. Unlike the Ketoprak which tells the life of the palace, ludruk tells the daily life of ordinary people, often spiced with humor and social criticism, and generally opened with Dance Remo, and parikan. Currently traditional ludruk groups can be found in the area of Surabaya, Mojokerto
Mojokerto
and Jombang; although its presence increasingly defeated by modernization. Reog from Ponorogo
Ponorogo
is a typical art that has been patented since 2001, and has now also become the icon of East Javanese art. Staging reog accompanied by horse braid (kuda lumping) are accompanied by elements of the occult. Famous arts of East Java
Java
include puppet purwa East Javanese style, mask mastermind in Madura, and made. In the area Mataraman Middle Javanese arts such as Ketoprak, and shadow puppets are quite popular. Famous legend of East Java, among others Damarwulan, Angling Darma, and Sarip Tambak-Oso. Traditional dance in East Java
Java
can be generally grouped into Middle Javanese style, East Javanese style, Osing style and Madurese styles. Classical dances include gambyong dance, dance srimpi, dance bondan, and wanderer. There is also a sort of lion dance culture in East Java. Art exists in two districts namely, Bondowoso, and Jember. Singo Wulung is a distinctive culture Bondowoso. While Jember
Jember
have the tiger kadhuk. Both are art that is rarely encountered. Culture[edit] Culture and customs of Javanese in the western part of East Java received a lot of influence from the Middle Javanese, so this area is known as Mataraman, indicating that the area was once the territory of the Sultanate of Mataram. The area includes the former residency of Madiun
Madiun
(Madiun, Ngawi, Magetan, Ponorogo, Pacitan), ex-residency Kediri (Kediri, Tulungagung, Blitar, Trenggalek, Nganjuk), and part of Bojonegoro. As is the case in Central Java, wayang kulit, and Ketoprak quite popular in this region. East Java's west coast region is heavily influenced by the Islamic culture. This area covers an area of Tuban, Lamongan
Lamongan
and Gresik. In the past the north coast of East Java
Java
is the entry area, and the center of the development of Islam. Five of the nine members of the walisongo are buried in this area. In the area of ex-residency of Surabaya
Surabaya
(including Sidoarjo, Mojokerto and Jombang), and ex-residency Malang, had little cultural influence Mataraman, considering this region is an area arek (the term for offspring Kenarok), especially in the area of Malang
Malang
that make this area difficult to be affected by Mataraman culture. Customs in horse hooves region heavily influenced by the culture of Madura, given the magnitude of Madura
Madura
tribe population in the region. Osing social mores of the culture is a blend of Java, Madura
Madura
and Bali. While the Tenggerese tribe is heavily influenced by Hindu culture. Villagers in East Java, as well as in Central Java, has ties based on friendship, and territorial. Various ceremonies were held, among others: tingkepan (ceremony gestational age of seven months for the first child), babaran (ceremony before the birth of the baby), sepasaran (ceremony after the baby was five days), Pitonan (ceremony after the baby was seven months old), circumcision, fiance. East Java's population generally embraced monogamy. Prior to application, the men doing the show nako'ake (ask if the girl already had a husband), once that is done peningsetan (application). The wedding ceremony was preceded by a gathering or kepanggih. Communities on the west coast: Tuban, Lamongan, Gresik, even Bojonegoro
Bojonegoro
has a habit of women's families applying common man (Ganjuran), different from the usual habits of other regions in Indonesia, where the men apply for women. And generally men will then be entered into the family of the woman. To pray for the deceased person, usually a family party did send donga on day 1, 3rd, 7th, 40th, 100th, 1 year and 3 years after death. Education[edit] East Java
Java
hosts famous universities in Indonesia, both owned by government and private. Three major cities for universities are Surabaya, Malang, and Jember; there is also a university at Bangkalan on Madura
Madura
island. Among them, University of Airlangga and Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember are the most famous of the province's universities, and both are located in Surabaya. Another important form of education that is available in most cities in East Java
Java
is the pesantren. This is a kind of socio-education organized by Islamic clerics, and associated with local or national Muslim
Muslim
organizations. Jombang is a famous region for its pesantren. Media[edit] East Java
Java
supports several regional media outlets. Local newspapers with provincial news reach their readers earlier than their competitors from Jakarta. In the spirit of "providing more news from around readers", most newspapers even issue municipal sections which are different among their distribution areas.

Jawa Pos Group, one of the major newspaper groups in Indonesia, based in Surabaya Surya, newspaper based in Surabaya
Surabaya
(owned by Kompas
Kompas
Group)

Tourism[edit] Malang
Malang
metropolitan region is a famous tourist destination in Indonesia
Indonesia
with the City of Batu as its center. East Java
Java
has a number of interesting sights. One of the tourist icon is Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo
in East Java, which is inhabited by the Tengger tribe, where the ceremony is held every year Kasada. In the mountainous region of Tengger also there is a waterfall that is Madakaripura which is the last hermitage Mahapatih Gajah Mada
Gajah Mada
before serving in the kingdom of Majapahit. Madakaripura Waterfall has a height of about 200 meters, which makes it the highest waterfall on the island of Java
Java
and the second highest in Indonesia. East Java
Java
also has some other mountainous tourist area of which is Malang
Malang
Raya mountainous area known as the natural mountain tourist area that includes Malang
Malang
and Batu. Tretes and Trawas mountainous areas, are also known to have characteristics such as Puncak area in West Java
West Java
province. Other natural attractions in East Java
Java
is the National Park (4 of 12 National Parks in Java) and Taman Safari Indonesia
Indonesia
II in Prigen. East Java
Java
is also contained relics of history in the classical era. Trowulan sites in Mojokerto, once the center of the Majapahit
Majapahit
Kingdom, there are dozens of temples and tombs of the kings of Majapahit. Other temples spread throughout much of East Java, including Penataran temple in Blitar. In Madura, Sumenep
Sumenep
is the center of the kingdom of Madura, where there are Kraton Sumenep, museums, and the tombs of the kings of Madura
Madura
(Asta Tinggi Sumenep). East Java
Java
is known to have a very beautiful coastal scenery. On the south coast there is the Prigi Beach, Pelang Beach and Pasir Putih Beach in Trenggalek, Popoh Beach in Tulungagung, Ngliyep Beach, and tourism areas such as the Jatim Park, Batu Secret Zoo, Batu Night Spectacular, Eco Green Park in Batu, and the Watu Ulo Beach in Jember. East Java
Java
also has a beach that the waves is one of the best in the world, namely the Plengkung Beach located in Banyuwangi. In addition there Kenjeran Beach in Surabaya, and the White Sand Beach in Situbondo. Lake in East Java, among others Sarangan in Magetan, Ir. Sutami Dam in Malang, and Selorejo Dam in Blitar. The coastal area of the north there are a number of tombs of the saints, who become religious pilgrims travel for Muslims. Five of the nine walisongo buried in East Java: Sunan Ampel in Surabaya, Sunan Giri, and Malik Ibrahim in Gresik, Sunan Drajat in Paciran (Lamongan), and Sunan Bonang, Tuban. In the northern coastal region there are also interesting caves are: Cave Maharani in Lamongan
Lamongan
and Tuban
Tuban
Akbar Cave and Cave Gong located in Pacitan
Pacitan
is known as the most beautiful caves in Southeast Asia. Pilgrimage attraction in East Java, among others, the tombs were also proclaimed the Republic of Indonesia's first president Soekarno contained in Kota Blitar, as well as the tomb of the fourth Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid / Gus Dur is located in Jombang. Malang
Malang
Metropolitan Region is a leading tourist destination in Indonesia
Indonesia
with the City of Batu as its center. Malang
Malang
has various tourist areas of natural beauty ranging from volcanoes to beaches, as well as man-made tour of the history of travel to an international-class theme park with the support of inter-provincial transportation via trains, buses, and airplanes are available in Malang. Surabaya
Surabaya
is the center of government, and the business center of East Java, where there are Tugu Pahlawan, the Museum MPU Tantular, Surabaya
Surabaya
Zoo, Submarine Monument, Ampel Region, and the Tunjungan area. National parks[edit]

Deer in Baluran National Park

Meru Betiri National Park
Meru Betiri National Park
- Between Jember
Jember
and Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
districts, this park covers 580 km2 (224 sq mi). Hard to get to, it contains fantastic coastal rainforest and scenery and is home to abundant wildlife. Alas Purwo National Park
Alas Purwo National Park
- This 434 km2 (168 sq mi) park is formed by the Blambangan Peninsula (southeastern Java). Comprising mangrove, savanna, lowland monsoon forests and excellent beaches, the park's name means First Forest in Javanese. Javanese legend says that the earth first emerged from the ocean here. Baluran National Park
Baluran National Park
- This 250 km2 (97 sq mi) national park is located in northeastern Java, known as The Little Africa, formerly extensive savanna has been largely replaced by Acacia. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
- Located in East Java
Java
at the region of Probolinggo
Probolinggo
and Pasuruan, 70 km (43 mi) from Surabaya
Surabaya
the capital city of East Java
Java
province. Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo
is one of the great hiking and trekking destinations for overseas tourists. The scenic view of Bromo also attracts hundreds of photo enthusiasts to see the views there.

Cuisine[edit]

Rujak Cingur, traditional dish from East Java

East Javanese food is famous of which is Bakso
Bakso
Malang, Rawon, and Tahu Campur Lamongan. Surabaya
Surabaya
is famous for Rojak
Rojak
Cingur, Semanggi, Lontong Balap, clams satay, mussels and rice cake. Malang
Malang
has been popular for a variety of processed fruits, especially apples, crisps tempeh, Bakpao
Bakpao
telo, Bakso
Bakso
Malang, rawon and Cwie noodles. Kediri is famous for tahu takwa, tahu pong, and getuk pisang. Madiun
Madiun
is known for pecel madiun, and as a producer of Brem. The subdistrict of Babat, Lamongan
Lamongan
famous as a producer of wingko. Bondowoso
Bondowoso
is also well known as the producer of tape. Gresik
Gresik
famous is for nasi krawu, otak-otak bandeng, bonggolan. Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
is famous for shrimp crackers, shrimp paste, and petis. Ngawi is famous for tempeh chips, tahu tepo, and nasi lethok. Blitar
Blitar
has the typical food that is pecel. Rambutan
Rambutan
is also native to Blitar. Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi
is famous for sego tempong, salad soup, and pecel rawon. Jember
Jember
have special food made of tape that is Suwar-suwir and tape proll that is very sweet. Corn is known as one of the staple food of the Madurese, while cassava is processed into gaplek, a staple food used to be a part of the population in Pacitan and Trenggalek. Tulungagung
Tulungagung
is famous for its lodho, goat satay and pecel tulungagung. References[edit]

^ a b Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion
Religion
in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.  ^ Keagamaan 2009 ^ Piwulang Basa Jawa Pepak, S.B. Pramono, hal 148, 2013 ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 ^ [1] ^ "Population by Region and Religion
Religion
in Indonesia". BPS. 2010. 

External links[edit]

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

East Java
Java
travel guide from Wikivoyage (in Indonesian) Official website

v t e

Regencies and cities of East Java

Capital: Surabaya

Regencies

Banyuwangi Bangkalan Blitar Bojonegoro Bondowoso Gresik Jember Jombang Kediri Lamongan Lumajang Madiun Magetan Malang Mojokerto Nganjuk Ngawi Pacitan Pamekasan Pasuruan Ponorogo Probolinggo Sampang Sidoarjo Situbondo Sumenep Trenggalek Tuban Tulungagung

Cities

Batu Blitar Kediri Madiun Malang Mojokerto Probolinggo Pasuruan Surabaya

See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

v t e

Provinces of Indonesia

Capital: Jakarta

Sumatra

Aceh Bangka-Belitung Islands Bengkulu Jambi Lampung North Sumatra Riau Riau
Riau
Islands South Sumatra West Sumatra

Java

Banten Central Java East Java West Java Jakarta Yogyakarta

Kalimantan

Central Kalimantan East Kalimantan North Kalimantan South Kalimantan West Kalimantan

Lesser Sunda

Bali East Nusa Tenggara West Nusa Tenggara

Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi Gorontalo North Sulawesi Southeast Sulawesi South Sulawesi West Sulawesi

Maluku

Maluku North Maluku

Papua

Papua West Papua

Former

Timor Timur

Lists by

GRP per ca

.