EASILY CONFUSED BUDDHIST REPRESENTATIONS are images or statues that
may resemble the mortal, historical Buddha known as Siddhārtha
Gautama , Śākyamuni, or
Depictions could be Gautama, or a bodhisattva, guardian, protector, disciple, or saint. Clues to a figure's identity are found in, for example, the physical characteristics of the Buddha , the objects the figure is holding, its mudra (hand gesture), and asana (sitting or standing position of the body). There may be an image in the figure's crown , or the figure could be holding a book, thunderbolt, vase, jewel, or lotus flower or stem.
Mandalas created for Japanese Shingon
When the uninitiated observer first confronts the Buddhist pantheon , his reaction may border on bewilderment or dismay. Far from the ascetic agnosticism taught by Gautama, Buddha-like deities are available to answer every material or spiritual need. They wear regal robes or deerskins; they sit, stand, or fly; they have their own sūtras, temples, and guardians....
* 1 Dhyani Buddhas * 2 Bodhisattvas * 3 Gautama * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Notes * 7 External links
Main article: Five Dhyani Buddhas
Representations of the five Dhyani Buddhas , who are abstract aspects of Buddhahood rather than Buddhas or gods, have elaborate differences. Each must face in a different direction (north, south, east, west, or center), and, when painted, each is a different color (blue, yellow, red, green, or white). Each has a different mudrā and symbol; embodies a different aspect, type of evil, and cosmic element; has a different consort and spiritual son, as well as different animal vehicles (elephant, lion, peacock, harpys or garuda , or dragon).
Akshobhya , the second Dhyani Buddha who embodies steadfastness and
faces east, and Gautama are indistinguishable. Both can be seated in
the Vajraparyanka (also known as Bhūmisparśa) pose, with the right
hand on the right knee, palm turned inwardly, and middle finger
touching the ground.
Five Dhyani Buddhas , unknown provenance *
Budai (in Chinese, or Hotei in Japanese) is often confused with
Gautama or is thought to have originated Buddhism. He is an
incarnation of the bodhisattva and future Buddha,
Gautama might have representations in a hundred different attitudes or positions, of which four follow.
Sitting Buddha in the Vajraparyanka (Bhūmisparśa) position, unknown provenance *
* Iconography of
* Hawkins, Bradley K. (1999). The Pocket Idiot's Guide: Buddhism.
Laurence King (Penguin, Alpha). ISBN 0-02-864459-X .
* Sakya, Jnan Bahadur (compiler) (2002) . Short Description of Gods,
Goddesses and Ritual Objects of
* ^ A B Sjoquist * ^ Sakya, p. 34. * ^ Sakya, various. * ^ "Exploring the Mandala". Cornell University Program of Computer Graphics. Retrieved January 22, 2012. * ^ Becker, Carl B. (December 1993). "Hands of