The early timeline of
Nazism begins with its origins and continues
until Hitler's rise to power.
1 Prehistory of National Socialism
2 World War I
4 Nazi Revolution
5 See also
Prehistory of National Socialism
1834: The term "Nationalsozialismus" first appears in print, in
Börsenblatt für den deutschen Buchhandel (Exchange tables for the
German book trade) at page 36.
1841: German economist Friedrich List's Das Nationale System der
Politischen Ökonomie (National System of Political Economy) is
published, espousing settlement farming and agricultural expansion
eastwards along with economic industrialization manipulated by the
state, and the establishment of a German-dominated European economic
sphere as part of the solution to Germany's economic woes (predecessor
ideas to Nazi imperialism).
1856: French aristocrat and author, Arthur de Gobineau, publishes his
An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races in which he divides the
human species into three races, black, white, and yellow; arguing
therein that racial distinctions form a clear and natural genetic
barrier of sorts. Gobineau also wrote that racial mixing would lead to
chaos. While not an anti-Semite, his work is often characterized as
philosemitic (since he wrote positively about the Jews), but it is
still considered an early manifestation of scientific racism.
Historian Joachim C. Fest, in his seminal biography entitled Hitler,
claims that Arthur de Gobineau's negative views on race mixing
influenced Hitler and thereby, the ideology of National Socialism.
1870: The term "National Socialism" first appears in English, in "The
sects of the Russian Church", The North British Review, Volumes 52-53.
1878: Founding year of the anti-Semitic Christian Social Worker's
Party by Adolf Stoecker.
1884: "National Socialism" is mentioned in "Fabian Tracts", Fabian
Publications, Great Britain.
1888: German jurist and international law reformer, Franz von Liszt
argues that criminal characteristics are innate as opposed to being
determined by a person's social environment and coins the term,
Kriminalbiologie (Criminal Biology), a theory which renders
criminals incapable of rehabilitation and would later influence Nazi
anthropologists and racial hygiene proponents in their justification
for sterilization and euthanasia.
20 April 1889:
Adolf Hitler born at Braunau am Inn, Austria.
1891: Formation of Pan-German League ; Wilhelm Schallmayer
publishes a treatise on eugenics, espousing that the neglect of a
nation's racial fitness could have negative political consequences for
Alfred Ploetz coins the term Rassenhygiene (Racial Hygiene).
Czech National Social Party
Czech National Social Party is formed.
1897: Franko Stein moves a small periodical Der Hammer from Vienna to
May 1898: Maurice Barrès, while standing as a nationalist candidate
for Nancy, France, coins the term "Socialist Nationalism".
1898: German Workers Congress is organized by Stein in Eger (Cheb).
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
Houston Stewart Chamberlain writes Die Grundlagen des
Neunzehnten Jahrhunderts (The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century),
a work which influenced many prominent Nazis.
Ludwig Woltmann also
publishes a tract asserting the superiority of Germanic people and
promotes the need for additional
Lebensraum (living space).
April 1902: Organization of Nationalistic Labor takes place in Saaz.
15 November 1903: Austria-Hungary
German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party (Deutsche
Arbeiterpartei, DAP) is formed.
Hans Knirsch proposes to add "National Socialist" to the
Austrian DAP name, but the proposal is rejected by party congress
1905: Racial Hygiene Society founded by Alfred Ploetz.
1909: An "All-Austrian" congress of the German Workers’ Party is
held in Prague.
1912: Controversial book, Wenn ich der Kaiser wär (If I were the
Heinrich Claß appears, a work which promotes imperialism,
rife with Pan-Germanism and antisemitic commentary.
World War I
World War I
World War I breaks out.
Adolf Hitler receives permission to enlist; joins the 16th
Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment in Munich
Adolf Hitler is transferred to regimental staff as a
Adolf Hitler is promoted to Gefreiter, the equivalent of a
senior private or corporal.
Madison Grant publishes, The Passing of the Great Race
which promotes the genetic supremacy of the Nordic race while warning
of its racial decline, a treatise quickly embraced by members of the
German racial hygiene movement.
September: Pan-Germanic Deutsche Vaterlandspartei (German Fatherland
Party) emerges under the leadership of Admiral
Alfred von Tirpitz
Alfred von Tirpitz and
Wolfgang Kapp, the party’s co-founders. The infamous
“stab-in-the-back myth” used by right-wing organizations as a
political platform allegedly originated with this party.
Anton Drexler founded a branch of Freien Arbeiterausschuss für
einen guten Frieden (Free Workers' Committee for a good Peace) league
Adolf Hitler saves the life of the 9th Company Commander.
Adolf Hitler awarded the Iron Cross, 1st Class.
Adolf Hitler gassed near Ypres.
7 November: 100,000 workers march on the Royal House of Wittelsbach.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Kaiser Wilhelm II flees.
8 November: All 22 of Germany’s lesser kings, princes, grand dukes,
and ruling dukes have been deposed. Kaiser Wilhelm told to abdicate.
9 November: Emil Eichhorn, radical leftist of the Independent
Socialists, leads an armed mob and seizes the HQ of Berlin; Kaiser
Wilhelm consents to abdicate; Social Democrats demand government from
Friedrich Ebert assumes the chancellery; First German
11 November: First World War ends.
19 November: Hitler discharged from hospital at Pasewalk.
December: German conservative organization, Stahlhelm, Bund der
Frontsoldaten founded by former German Army reserve officer and
Franz Seldte in Magdeburg.
Freikorps unit formed; Maercker Volunteer Rifles.
January: Independent Socialists and
Spartacist League staged large
protests, known as the Spartacist uprising; large sections of Berlin
seized; German Gov. moved to the city of Weimar.
Anton Drexler founds the
German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party (DAP) from
the branch of "Free Workers' Committee for a good Peace" league and
the Political Workers' Circle in Munich.
10 January: Battle of Berlin begins;
Counter-revolution with Freikorps
takes crucial role.
13 January: Battle of Berlin ends.
15 January: Communist leaders
Karl Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg are
Adolf Hitler finishes job of guarding Russian prisoners.
3 March: 2nd Battle for Berlin; Communists seize Berlin; Gustav Noske
appointed dictator of Germany.
7 March: Communist Strike Committee withdraws proclamation and makes
peace overtures to government.
Gustav Noske orders Peoples’ Naval Division disbanded.
Battle for Berlin over.
Freikorps suppress communists in Dresden.
16 April: "Battle" of the Bavarian government troops at Dachau;
Communists defeat Republican forces.
Freikorps suppress communists in Brunswick.
27 April: Battle for
Munich occurs between Communists and Freikorps
2 May: City of
Munich taken; not declared secure until May 6;
approximately 1200 Communists slaughtered.
Freikorps suppress communists in Leipzig.
22 June: German Reichstag ratifies the Versailles Treaty.
Versailles Treaty signed in the Hall of Mirrors (Palace of
12 August 1919: The
Weimar Constitution is announced.
12 September 1919:
Adolf Hitler attends a meeting of the German
Workers' Party (DAP) in the
Munich and joins the
party as its 55th member. In less than a week, Hitler received a
postcard stating he had officially been accepted as a party member.
16 October 1919: Hitler's first pre-arranged public speech as a member
of the DAP takes place in the Hofbräukeller.
Freikorps fight the Red Army in the Baltic, eventually
retreat in chaos; first Silesian uprising, in which many
Kapp Putsch. Note the swastikas
Freikorps were disbanded. Some go underground, to reappear later.
January: The DAP grows to 190 members.
February: Inter-Allied Control Commission order 2/3 of Freikorps
24 February: DAP changes its name to National Socialist German
Workers’ Party (NSDAP). The party announces its programme in the
Hofbräuhaus, known as the "25 points."
13 March to 17 March: Kapp Putsch
Adolf Hitler mustered out of the army.
April: Government stops paying
3 April: 21 different
Freikorps units, under the command of General
Baron Oskar von Watter, annihilate the
Ruhr Uprising in five days;
10 May: Dr. Joseph Wirth and Walter Rathenau announce their "Policy of
Fulfillment"; not received well by nationalist groups.
8 August: Official founding date of the NSDAP
11 August: National Disarmament Law takes effect; disbands civil
19 August to 25 August: Second Silesian uprising, German
NSDAP buys its first paper, the Völkischer Beobachter.
NSDAP party membership was recorded at 2000.
Third Silesian uprising; German forces see more combat.
Hermann Erhardt forms Organisation Consul, a paramilitary group, out
of former members of his banned Freikorps.
Eugen Fischer, Erwin Baur, and Fritz Lenz publish the standard work of
German racialism, Menschliche Erblichkeitslehre und Rassenhygiene
(Human Hereditary Teaching and Racial Hygiene), a work which later
helps form part of the scientific basis to the Nazi racial hygiene
policies and their euthanasia campaign.
February 1921: highly effective at speaking to large
audiences—Hitler spoke to a crowd of over 6,000 in Munich.
Adolf Hitler is elected Vorsitzender (chairman) of the NSDAP
with only one dissenting vote. Executive Committee of the party is
dissolved. Party Founder
Anton Drexler is made "Honorary Chairman" and
resigns from the party soon after. Hitler soon begins to refer to
himself as "Der Führer" (The Leader).
NSDAP party membership was recorded at 3,300.
Prototype versions of the
Hitler Youth form.
The Prussian State Health Commission for Racial Hygiene (Preussischer
Landesgesundheitsrat für Rassenhygiene) works to centralise the
institute's research concerning the practical application of racial
hygiene, eugenics and anthropology.
Adolf Hitler sentenced to three months for disturbance of
14 September 1921.
24 June: Hitler incarcerated; German Foreign Minister Walther Rathenau
assassinated, some involved are in the Organisation Consul.
Inflation hits the German economy: 670 RM = 1 US$
27 July: Hitler released.
August: 2,000 RM = 1 USD
October: 4,500 RM = 1 USD
Benito Mussolini establishes his Fascist dictatorship in
November: 10,000 RM = 1 USD
22 November: Dr. Wirth leaves office
27 December: France occupies the Ruhr.
28 January: First Parteitage (
Nazi Party Day) held under the slogan
Deutschland Erwache (Germany Awake) in Munich.
February: Reichsbank buys back RM; stabilizes RM at 20,000 to 1 USD
4 May: RM 40,000 = 1 USD
27 May: Albert Leo Schlageter, a German freebooter and saboteur,
executed by a French firing squad in the Ruhr. Hitler declared him a
hero that the German people was not worthy to possess.
1 June: RM 70,000-1 USD
30 June: RM 150,000-1USD
Inflation became hyperinflation: RM 3,500,000-1USD
13 August: Dr.
Wilhelm Cuno leaves office
15 August: RM 4,000,000-1USD
1 September: RM 10,000,000-1USD
1 September: German Day Rally takes place in Nuremberg
24 September: Chancellor Stresemann ends the passive resistance in the
Ruhr; infuriates the nationalists.
30 September: Major Fedor von Bock crushes a coup attempt by the Black
6 October: Dr.
Gustav Stresemann (People’s) forms 2nd cabinet
20 October: General Alfred Mueller marched on Saxony to prevent a
Otto von Lossow
Otto von Lossow in Bavaria is relieved of command by Berlin;
23 October: Communist takeover of Hamburg
Hamburg uprising suppressed
8 November: Hilter and Ludendorff launch the
Beer Hall Putsch
Beer Hall Putsch in the
Bürgerbräukeller in Munich.
Beer Hall Putsch
Beer Hall Putsch quelled.
26 February: Hitler Putsch trial begins.
1 April: Hitler sentenced to five-years at Landsberg prison. From
here, Hitler writes
Mein Kampf with the assistance of Rudolf Hess.
24 October: France recognizes the Communist state known as the Soviet
Union, alarming German conservatives in the process.
20 December: Hitler released from the Landsberg Prison.
21 January: Japan recognizes the U.S.S.R.
16 February 1925: Bavaria lifts ban on NSDAP.
24 February 1925: The
NSDAP is refounded.
09 Mar 1925: Bavaria bans Hitler from public speaking.
7 July: French troops withdraw from the German Rhineland.
14 July: Allied evacuation of the
Ruhr valley begins.
18 July 1925: Vol. 1 of Hitler's
Mein Kampf released.
July–August: Germans are forced to leave Poland and Poles are
expedited out of Germany in disputed territories.
Schutzstaffel created as a sort of praetorian guard for
Locarno Treaties ratified by Reichstag.
Nazi Party "Re-founding Congress" takes place in Weimar
05 Mar: Hitler speaking ban lifted in Bavaria.
17 August: Franco-German commercial treaty signed.
20 August: "Day of Awakening" celebrated in Nuremberg
NSDAP gains 2.6% of the vote in Reichstag elections.
Prussia lifts Hitler speaking ban.
Alfred Hugenberg becomes head of DNVP
16 November: Hitler first speaks at Berlin Sportpalast, Germany's
Heinrich Himmler appointed chief of the SS. He begins to
transform it into a powerful organization
2 August: "Party Day of Composure" occurs in Nuremberg
Liberty Law campaign officially begins. The Nazi Party
joins a coalition of conservative groups under Hugenberg's leadership
to oppose the Young Plan.
22 December: The
Liberty Law referendum is defeated. Hitler denounces
Hugenberg's leadership parlance.
September: Hitler at trial of 3 SA Lieutenants disavows the SA goals
of replacing the army and hence appeases the army.
14 September: In a milestone election, Nazis gain 6 million votes in
national polling to emerge as the second largest party in Germany.
11 May: Austrian Kreditanstalt collapses
May: Four million unemployed in Germany.
Herbert Hoover puts moratorium on reparations.
13 July: German bank crisis.
Geli Raubal dies.
11 October: Harzburg Front formed of coalition between DNVP,
Stahlhelm, and Nazi Party
Reinhard Heydrich to form the 'Ic Service'
(intelligence service) within the SS; later in 1932 it was renamed the
December: Unemployment (Arbeitslosigkeit) reaches 5.6 million in
Germany as people become more and more disillusioned with the German
13 March: Hitler convincingly defeated by Hindenburg in his first bid
for German president.
10 April: Hindenburg re-elected Reichspräsident with 53 % of the
vote. Hitler gains 37 % and the communist candidate Thälmann
gains 10.2 %.
13 April: The SA and SS are prohibited from existing by Chancellor
30 May: Henrich Bruening (Center) leaves office and is replaced by
Franz von Papen.
Franz von Papen
Franz von Papen cabinet
16 June: Papen lifts the ban on the SA and SS.
16 June - 9 July: The Lausanne conference takes place.
20 July: "Preußenschlag": Papen dissolves Prussian government.
31 July: Reichstag elections: Nazi party becomes the largest party
with 13.7 million votes and acquire 230 out of 608 seats in the
9 August: Konrad Piecuch, a Polish communist activist who took part in
Silesian Uprisings against German rule is murdered in Germany by SA;
Hitler defends the murderers in German press.
6 November: Reichstag elections: Nazi party loses votes.
Franz von Papen
Franz von Papen leaves office.
Kurt von Schleicher
Kurt von Schleicher becomes Chancellor
for a very brief period.
18 December: Major dispute between
Gregor Strasser and
Hitler erupts. Strasser resigns from the Nazi party.
4 January: Secret meeting between Hitler and Papen occurs.
23 January: Schleicher resigns as Chancellor.
30 January: President Hindenburg appoints Hitler chancellor of a
1 February: Dissolution of the Reichstag
2 February: Hitler meets with top military leaders, describes his
plans to rearm Germany.
17 February: Prussian Interior Ministry permits the shooting of
"enemies of the state" under the direction of Hermann Göring.
Reichstag fire occurs, it was officially blamed on
Marinus van der Lubbe, a communist.
28 February: Hitler awarded emergency powers under the presidential
decree, Law for the Protection of People and State ("Reichstag Fire
Decree"): civil liberties suspended.
the process of exerting totalitarian control over Germany, begins.
Over the next five months, the Nazis systematically force all
opposition political parties to shut down.
5 March: General Elections result in slim majority of Hitler's
coalition, though not a majority for the Nazi Party.
Heinrich Himmler becomes Police President in Munich.
Joseph Goebbels named Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment
Hjalmar Schacht takes over the role of President of the
Reichsbank from Hans Luther.
Sepp Dietrich assumes command of Hitler's body guard, the
Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler.
Dachau concentration camp opens, begins receiving political
prisoners. First Nazi "racial hygiene" office established in the
24 March: Enabling Act, passed with help of Catholic Center Party,
effectively hands the legislative powers of the Reichstag over to the
Chancellor. Act permits Chancellor and cabinet to issue laws without a
vote of Parliament and to deviate from the Constitution.
1 April: One day boycott of Jewish shops. Himmler is appointed police
commander of Bavaria.
7 April: "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service" -
Jewish and Communist inclined workers from the Civil Service purged,
around 5% removed in total. Nazi governors appointed to rule the
German states. End of federalism. Papen resigns as Reich Commissioner
Hermann Göring forms the
Gestapo (Secret State Police) in
the state of Prussia.
1 May: Trade union offices are stormed by SA.
2 May: Trade unions banned from Germany. DAF (German Labor Front)
created and headed by Robert Ley
6 May: DAF Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labour Front) is created.
10 May: A large number of
Nazi book burnings
Nazi book burnings takes place across
23 May: Hitler visits Kiel Harbor to see the fleet consisting of the
old pre-dreadnought battleships Schlesien, Hessen, and
Schleswig-Holstein and the light cruisers Karlsruhe, Königsberg, and
Leipzig. He boards Leipzig with leading SS and government officials
including General Werner von Blomberg, Admiral Erich Raeder, Hermann
Göring, and Franz von Papen.
6 July: At a gathering of high-ranking Nazi officials, Hitler declares
the success of the National Socialist, or Nazi revolution.
14 July: Hitler proclaims the
Nazi Party "the only political party in
Germany." All others banned.
Reichskonkordat signed with Holy See. Violations by Germany
22 September: The Reich Chamber of Culture is established with Joseph
Goebbels becoming its figurehead.
14 October: Germany officially withdraws from the League of Nations.
Freikorps symbolically pledge allegiance to Hitler in a
12 November: Reichstag elections occur with the Nazis acquiring 95.2
percent of the vote (unsurprisingly) in a new single-party state.
Kraft durch Freude
Kraft durch Freude (Strength through Joy) program
30 November: The secret state police organization known as the
Gestapo, which had only previously existed in
Prussia is given
authority throughout Germany.
November: As part of the Rauschgiftbekämpfung ("war on drugs"), the
Reichstag passes a law allowing the imprisonment of drug addicts for
up to two years, a period that could be extended indefinitely by legal
Fall: Hitler reveals to his close associates a plan to annex Western
Poland and create a ring of puppet states around Germany without any
policies of their own
11 April: Pact of the Deutschland: Hitler persuades the top officials
of the army and navy to back his bid to succeed Hindenburg as
president, by promising to "diminish" the three-million-man plus SA
and greatly expand the regular army and navy.
Gestapo is transferred from Göring to Himmler &
Heydrich, who begin to integrate it into the SS.
16 May: German officer corps endorses Hitler to succeed the ailing
30 June - 2 July:
Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives or Blood Purge: On pretext
of suppressing an alleged SA putsch, much of the brownshirt leadership
(i.e. Ernst Röhm) are arrested and executed. Schleicher and other
political enemies are murdered. Papen briefly imprisoned; between 150
and 200 were killed. The SS, formerly part of the SA, now comes to the
13 July: Defending the purge, Hitler declares that to defend Germany
he has the right to act unilaterally as "supreme judge" without resort
2 August: President Hindenburg died. The previous day, the cabinet had
enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich".
This law stated that upon Hindenburg's death, the office of president
would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the
chancellor. The decree is illegal but goes unchallenged. The army
swear oath to Hitler.
19 August: The German people in a plebiscite overwhelmingly (90%)
approve merger of the offices of President and Chancellor. Hitler
assumes the new title of
Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and Reich
chancellor). He is now both the head of state as well as the head of
Hitler's rise to power
^ Woodruff Smith, The Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism (New
York: Oxford University Press, 1989), pp. 30-31, 36, 78-79.
^ Joachim Fest, Hitler (Orlando, FL.: Harcourt, 2002), pp. 210-211.
^ Anton Weiss-Wendt and Rory Yeomans, eds., Racial Science in Hitler's
New Europe, 1938-1945 (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska
Press, 2013), p. 6.
^ a b Kershaw 2008, p. 82.
^ Stackelberg 2007, p. 9.
^ Mitcham 1996, p. 67.
^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 75, 76.
^ a b c d Kershaw 2008, p. 89.
^ Kershaw 2008, p. 87.
^ Zentner & Bedurftig 1997, p. 629.
^ Shirer 1960, p. 37.
^ Kershaw 2008, p. 93.
^ Beno Müller Hull, "Human Genetics in Nazi Germany", in Medicine,
Ethics and the Third Reich, edited by John J. Michalczyk (Kansas City,
MO: Sheed & Ward, 1994), pp. 27-33.
^ Kershaw 2008, p. 83.
^ Gretchen E. Schafft, From Racism to Genocide: Anthropology in the
Third Reich (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2004),
^ Norman Ohler (7 March 2017). Blitzed: Drugs in the Third Reich.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 22.
^ Majer, Diemut (2003). Non-Germans under the Third Reich: The Nazi
judicial and administrative system in Germany and occupied Eastern
Europe with special regard to occupied Poland, 1939—1945. JHU Press.
pp. 188–9. ISBN 0-8018-6493-3.
^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 309–316.
^ Shirer 1960, pp. 226–227.
^ Martin Broszat, Hans Buchheim, Hans-Adolf Jacobsen, and Helmut
Krausnick, Anatomie des SS-Staates, vol 1. (München: Deutscher
Taschenbuch Verlag, 1967), p. 18.
^ Kershaw 2008, p. 318.
Brustein, William (1996). The Logic of Evil, The Social Origins of the
Nazi Party, 1925-1933. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton &
Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
Mitcham, Samuel W. (1996). Why Hitler?: The Genesis of the Nazi Reich.
Westport, Conn: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-95485-7.
Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New
York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0.
Stackelberg, Roderick (2007). The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany.
New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-30860-1.
Zentner, Christian; Bedurftig, Friedemann (1997) . The
Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. New York: Da Capo Press.
German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party (NSDAP)
Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo)
Hitler Youth (HJ)
National Socialist Flyers Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK)
National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK)
League of German Girls
League of German Girls (BDM)
National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise
National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise (NSRL)
National Socialist Women's League
National Socialist Women's League (NSF)
Reich Labour Service
Reich Labour Service (RAD)
Adolf Hitler's rise to power
Night of the Long Knives
World War II
Hitler's political views
Mein Kampf (Hitler)
Der Mythus des Zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts (Rosenberg)
National Socialist Program
Preussentum und Sozialismus
Women in Nazi Germany
Blood and Soil
Greater Germanic Reich
Heim ins Reich
American Nazi Party
German American Bund
National Socialist Movement
Arrow Cross Party
Arrow Cross Party (Hungary)
Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party
German National Movement in Liechtenstein
Greek National Socialist Party
South African Gentile National Socialist Movement
Hungarian National Socialist Party
Nasjonal Samling (Norway)
National Movement of Switzerland
National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands
National Socialist Bloc (Sweden)
National Socialist League
National Socialist League (UK)
National Socialist Movement of Chile
National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark
National Unity Party (Canada)
Nationalist Liberation Alliance
Nationalist Liberation Alliance (Argentina)
Nazism in Brazil
Ossewabrandwag (South Africa)
World Union of National Socialists
Books by or about Hitler
Leaders and officials
Nazi Party members
Speeches given by Hitler
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
Richard Walther Darré
Baldur von Schirach
George Lincoln Rockwell
Glossary of Nazi Germany