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The EMD G22 Locomotive Series made their debut in 1967 after the rise in popularity of the export EMD G12. Designed to meet most First World, Second World and Third World countries, the G22 Series were now equipped with a naturally aspirated EMD 645 Series engine as well as four axle Flexicoil Type-B trucks which carry a low per-axle weight. Based on customer input, the G22 Series would be defined by various designations that suit the customer's railway operations.

The standard suffixes applied after the G22 designation were if the customer purchased locomotives with specific traction motors to fit Narrow Gauge (U) or Broad Gauge (W) rails. As the years progressed, the customers began to have more options available for their locomotives such as EMD Dash 2 Electronics, Alternators instead of Generators, A-1-A running gear and/or steam generators, etc.

The G22 designation can freely apply to the designs of any EMD export model or a licensee of EMD as long as the electrical and mechanical gear were left unaltered.

Overview

With the introduction of the 645 engine in export models in 1967, the model numbers changed by adding "10". Thus the G12 now became the G22. This new model was an upgrade from the 567 series G12 and brought forward various innovations for almost four decades. To this day, the G22 series is the most common diesel found in Brazil, New Zealand and in Egypt.

The G22 Series was one of the first models to be commonly constructed outside of the United States and to have its own separate designation based on traction motors/gauge, generator, etc. Unlike the G12, which its six axle version was the GR12, the six axle version of the G22 Series was designated as G22C. The customer then had options to apply on the locomotive as desired.

Several models were introduced:

  • G22W
  • G22U
  • G22W-AC
  • G22W-2

G22W

The G22W first appeared in 1967. To separate itself from its predecessor, the G22W was identified by a W suffix to indicate that this model was supplied with traction motors adjustable only for Wide gauged rails (Standard gauge up to Indian gauge).

The G22W model found success among several buyers and were also built in different countries to suit the customers needs. One notable difference in the carbody design came with the order of Swedish G22Ws. Completely redesigned to meet the Scandinavian weather conditions, these units resemble a G22W only by their internal electrical and mechanical equipment.

Production spanned from 1967 to 1989.

EMD G22W Orders
Builder Date of Construction Country Railway Quantity Road numbers Notes
Electro-Motive Division July 1967 South Korea Korea National Railroad 22 4201-4222
Electro-Motive Division May 1970 Guinea Chemin de Fer Boké 3 001 – 003 The first EMD locomotives for Chemin de Fer Boké
Electro-Motive Division January - March 1977 Egypt Egyptian National Railways 32 3801 – 3832
Electro-Motive Division & Đuro Đaković February 1975, August 1975, January - November 1982 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Railways 40 40.138 – 40.158, 60.159 – 60.178 40.138 served first as demonstrator; 60.159 – 60.178 were constructed by Đuro Đaković
Kalmar Verkstad AB (Month Unknown) 1989 Israel Rakevet Israel 1 T40100
Nydqvist & Holm AB & Kalmar Verkstad AB January 1969 - June 1970, September 1970 - June 1971, August 1975 - October 1977, February - December 1980, January 1983 - March 1987 Sweden Statens Järnvägar 124 259 – 283, 314 – 323, 329 – 416 259 - 283, 314 - 383 Built by NOHAB; 384 - 416 Built by Kalmar

G22U

The G22U appeared alongside its wide gauge counterpart in 1969. To separate itself from its predecessor G12 as well as the G22W, the G22U was identified by a U suffix to indicate that this model was supplied with traction motors adjustable to any rail gauge Universally (Metre Gauge up to Irish Gauge).

The G22U model found success among several buyers and were also built in different countries to suit the customers needs. The Yugoslav locomotives were equipped with a steam generator located in the high short hood. Both the Yugoslav Railways and Taiwan Railroad Administration purchased their G22U’s with a unique A-1-A running gear configuration. This did not alter the models designation as the center axles were not powered nor were A-1-A trucks widely produced at the time.

This locomotive found itself to be very successful in the metre gauge lines of Brazil, as where most lines did not permit the use of six-axle locomotives around tight curves.

Production spanned from 1969 to 1974.

EMD G22U Orders
Builder Date of Construction Country Railway Quantity Road numbers Notes
Material y Construcciones S.A. January - October 1971, July 1972 - February 1973 Brazil Rede de Viação Paraná-Santa Catarina (RFFSA) 100 1501 – 1576, 1607 - 1630 Purchased during the Brazilian Miracle era
Material y Construcciones S.A. January - May 1972 Brazil Viação Férrea do Rio Grande do Sul (RFFSA) 30 1577–1606 Purchased during the Brazilian Miracle era
Electro-Motive Division September - November 1969 Taiwan Taiwan Railway Administration 39 R101 – R139 G22A
Material y Construcciones S.A. June 1973 - January 1974 Yugoslavia Jugoslavenske Željeznice 30 644.001 – 644.025 The only Yugoslav locomotives built from MACOSA
Clyde Engineering 1967 Australia Western Australian Government Railways 5 AA1515-AA1519 EMD G22CU
Clyde Engineering 1969 Australia Western Australian Government Railways 6 AB1531-AB1536 EMD G22CU
General Motors Canada, Clyde Engineering & Hutt Workshops 1978-1981 New Zealand KiwiRail 85 DC4006-DC4951 EMD G22AUR

G22W-AC

The G22W-AC first appeared in 1980. To separate itself from the base model G22, the G22W-AC was identified by an AC suffix to indicate that this model is supplied with an alternator that provides Alternating Current to the traction motors suited for Wide gauged rails (Standard Gauge up to Irish Gauge). This now increased reliability and reduced electrical problems derived from Direct Current.

Production spanned from 1980 to 1991.

EMD G22W-AC Orders
Builder Date of Construction Country Railway Quantity Road numbers Notes
General Motors Diesel Division January - March 1980, July - August 1981, December 1981, March - April 1982, August - November 1982 Egypt Egyptian National Railways 228 3833 – 3999, 33601 – 33661 Mostly used for passenger service
Astilleros Argentinos Río de La Plata S.A. March 1991 Iran Ahwaz Steel 3 Unknown

G22W-2

The G22W-2 first appeared in 1991. To separate itself from the base model G22, the G22W-2 is identified by a -2 suffix to indicate that this model is supplied with DC Current -2 electronics only for traction motors adjustable for Wide gauged rails (Standard Gauge up to Irish Gauge). This now improved availability, efficiency and ease of maintenance of the locomotive.

EMD G22W-2 Orders
Builder Date of Construction Country Railway Quantity Road numbers Notes
Astilleros Argentinos Río de La Plata S.A. November 1991 Iran Ahwaz Steel 3 Unknown The last of the G22 Series

Phasing

Only two general variations have been noticed during the G22 production, most notably on the constant production of the RFFSA G22Us.

  • Phase 1: Larger frame sill, air reservoir slung under skirting.
  • Phase 2: Smaller frame sill, air reservoir exposed, and two horizontal bars along intake grilles.

There have been various as-modifications on railroads as well, but are excluded due to various degrees of completion on the modification.

Models

The G22U/G22W model is represented in HO Scale by Frateschi trains of Brazil. Due to the accommodation of the motor, the model is not entirely accurate.

See also

External links