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The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier overall in the entire English football league system. League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known briefly as the Football League Second Division and for much longer, prior to the advent of the Premier League, as the Football League Third Division. At present, Peterborough and Gillingham hold the longest tenure in League One, both last being out of the division in the 2012–13 season. There are currently eight former Premier League clubs competing in League One, namely Swindon Town (1993–94), Ipswich Town (1992-95 and 2000–02), Charlton Athletic (1998-99 and 2000–07), Portsmouth (2003–10), Blackpool (2010–11), Wigan Athletic (2005–13), Sunderland (1996-97, 1999-2003, 2005-06 and 2007–17), and Hull City (2008-10, 2013-15 and 2016–17).

Structure

There are 24 clubs in League One. Each club plays every other club twice (once at home and once away). Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. At the end of the season a table of the final League standings is determined, based on the following criteria in this order: points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, an aggregate of the results between two or more clubs (ranked using the previous three criteria) and, finally, a series of one or more play-off matches. At the end of each season the top two clubs, together with the winner of the play-offs between the clubs which finished in 3rd–6th position, are promoted to EFL Championship and are replaced by the three clubs that finished at the bottom of that division. Similarly, the four clubs that finished at the bottom of EFL League One are relegated to EFL League Two and are replaced by the top three clubs and the club that won the 4th–7th place play-offs in that division.

Current members

The following 24 clubs will compete in League One during the 2020–21 season.

Teams promoted from League One

For past winners at this level before 2004, see List of winners of English Football League One and predecessors.

Play-off results



Relegated teams

Expelled in August 2019 after financial breaches.

Top scorers

In 35 games. Season truncated due to coronavirus

Financial Fair Play

Starting from the 2012–13 season, a Financial Fair Play arrangement has been in place in all three divisions of the Football League, the intention being eventually to produce a league of financially self-sustaining clubs. In League One, this takes the form of a Salary Cost Management Protocol in which a maximum of 60% of a club's turnover may be spent on players' wages, with sanctions being applied in the form of transfer embargoes.

See also

* 1920–21 ''(as Football League Division Three)'' * 1921–22 & 1957–58 ''(as Football League Division Three North/South)'' * 1958–59 & 1992–93 ''(as Football League Division Three) * 1992–93 & 2003–04 ''(as Football League Division Two) * 2016–17 & 2019–20 (as EFL League One) * List of professional sports teams in the United Kingdom

References



External links


EFL League One official site

EFL League One clubs' locations

England League One – Predictions, Tips, Statistics
{{UEFA third leagues 3 2 Category:2004 establishments in England Category:Sports leagues established in 2004 Eng Category:Professional sports leagues in the United Kingdom