EDF ENERGY is an integrated energy company in the United Kingdom,
with operations spanning electricity generation and the sale of gas
and electricity to homes and businesses throughout the United Kingdom
. It employs 13,158 people and handles 5.7 million customer accounts.
* 1 History
* 2 No Dash For
* 3.1 Fossil fuel
* 3.2 Wind
* 3.3 Nuclear
* 3.4 Renewable energy
* 3.5 Carbon intensity
* 4 Sponsorship
* 5 Marketing
* 6 Distribution network operators
* 7 EDF Energy\'s main locations
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
EDF Energy Customers (trading as EDF Energy) is wholly owned by the
French state-owned EDF (Électricité de France) and was formed in
2002 following the acquisition and mergers of
SEEBOARD Plc (formerly
the South Eastern
Electricity Plc (formerly
Electricity Board or LEB),
SWEB Energy Plc (formerly the
Electricity Board) and two coal-fired power stations and
a combined cycle gas turbine power station.
EDF Energy took control of the UK nuclear generator, British
Energy , buying share capital from the government. This made EDF
Energy one of the UK's largest generators, as well as the largest
distribution network operator.
The Development Branch of
EDF Energy was formed in April 2004,
bringing together the separate infrastructure interests of what were
SEEBOARD and SWEB. The focus for the Branch is development
activity through the participation in major new infrastructure
projects, largely in the public sector through Public-private
partnership (PPP) and
Private Finance Initiative
Private Finance Initiative (PFI) type schemes.
The Development Branch of
EDF Energy was later dissolved in October
The electricity distribution (or downstream) networks formerly known
EDF Energy Networks were sold in Nov 2010 to Hong Kong-based Cheung
Kong Group (CKG), owned by billionaire
Li Ka Shing
Li Ka Shing . Later, EDF Energy
Networks was renamed to
UK Power Networks .
In December 2014, EDF sold three small UK-based wind farms with a
combine capacity of 73 megawatts to the China General Nuclear Power
Group for an estimated £100 million.
NO DASH FOR GAS ACTION
In February 2013
EDF Energy sought an estimated £5 million in
damages from environmental activists from the No Dash for
who occupied the EDF-owned West Burton CCGT power station in October
2012, and pleaded guilty to charges of aggravated trespass. It is
unusual in the UK for companies to seek damages from protesters.
George Monbiot , writing in the Guardian, said EDF
was conducting a strategic lawsuit against public participation ,
"part of a global strategy by corporations to stifle democracy", and
predicted the "disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at
censorship" could result in the
Streisand effect and be comparable to
McLibel case . The activists received support in the days since
the case became public with over six thousand signatures on a
supportive petition at
Change.org within the first day, and over
64,000 by the time EDF dropped their lawsuit on 13 March 2013, saying
that this was "a fair and reasonable solution" after the protesters
had "agreed in principle to accept a permanent injunction which
prevents them from entering multiple sites operated by EDF Energy".
Cottam Power Station
Cottam Power Station
EDF owns two 2,000 MW coal-fired power stations, Cottam and West
Burton , both located near
Nottinghamshire , giving EDF
the highest coal-fired generational capacity of any energy company in
the UK. It also owns the 790 MW Sutton Bridge CCGT power station,
and constructed a new 1,311 MW CCGT station at West Burton,which
opened in 2011.
EDF also owns and operates 2 wind farms , at
Northumberland and the High Hedley Hope wind farm near
Tow Law in
County Durham , and the
Teesside Offshore Wind near
Redcar , Teesside
Following the acquisition of
British Energy in 2009, the EDF Energy
portfolio includes eight nuclear power stations . They are seven AGR
power stations (Dungeness B; Hinkley Point B; Hunterston B;
Hartlepool; Heysham 1; Heysham 2 two at Hinkley Point C (currently
scheduled to start operation in 2025 ) and two at Sizewell C . EDF
plans to build and operate the new plants through its subsidiary NNB
Generation Company (NNB GenCo).
In August 2014, the company announced it had shut down 4 of its 15
reactors for a period of eight weeks to investigate potential cracking
in the boiler spine.
In February 2016, EDF announced that it would keep four of its UK
nuclear plants open. Heysham 1 and Hartlepool will have their life
extended by five years until 2024, while Heysham 2 and Torness will
see their closure dates pushed back by seven years to 2030.
The Ecologist magazine reported that in 2004
EDF Energy spent
virtually nothing on the construction of new renewable energy
generation. On their website EDF reports that it is currently
investing GBP 2 million in Marine Current Turbines, which use tidal
power to generate electricity; however, these turbines are still at
the research and prototype phase and EDF expect them to be operational
"within the next five years" dependent upon "a successful pilot." EDF
also has several ongoing renewable developments in windfarms.
In 2007 EDF had an installed renewable energy generating capacity of
1.8MW, representing 0.08% of their total capacity of approximately
In June 2008 EDF announced the formation of
EDF Energy Renewables, a
50:50 joint venture with
EDF Energies Nouvelles , with the stated
intention of becoming a 'major force in the UK renewable energies
In July 2009,
Ecotricity started legal proceedings against EDF
Energy for the alleged misuse of the Green Union Flag logo, used to
promote the Team Green Britain campaign.
In 2013, the 62 MW offshore
Teesside Wind Farm started operation.
PRODUCTION (TWH )
EMISSION (GT CO2)
List of European power companies by carbon intensity
EDF Energy has sponsored several ITV shows, including Soapstar
Superstar and City Lights. It also sponsored coverage of the 2006
World Cup in Germany (shared with Budweiser ) and coverage of the 2007
Rugby World Cup (shared with
EDF Energy has been the main sponsor of the EDF Energy
Cup – the
Rugby Union domestic cup for the 12 English Premiership
clubs and the 4 Welsh regions – also known as the
Anglo-Welsh Cup .
In July 2007
EDF Energy was confirmed as another Level One sponsor for
London 2012 with exclusive branding rights and Olympic team
sponsorship for the 2008, 2010 and 2012 games as well as being the
official energy provider.
In August 2008
EDF Energy formed a partnership with The British Red
Cross to help vulnerable people to get support during power failures.
In January 2011
EDF Energy took over sponsorship from British Airways
London Eye , on a 3-year deal renaming the
London Eye as the
On 4 January 2008
EDF Energy began advertising on the television
Channel 4 , Five and various Satellite channels. EDF
Energy are using "It's not easy being green" as their slogan to target
a new greener eco-friendly image. In 2009, with
Euro RSCG London ,
EDF Energy created the Team Green Britain campaign, in which Olympic
athletes encouraged Britons to be more environmentally aware.
On 2 April 2012
EDF Energy launched an advert including their new
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK OPERATORS
EDF Energy is an energy supplier for homes across the country. They
do not however manage the network of towers and cables that
distributes electricity - these are maintained by distribution network
operators (DNOs) which vary from region to region. If, for instance,
there is a power outage it is necessary to contact the appropriate DNO
rather than the energy supplier. See entry on distribution network
operator for a full list.
EDF ENERGY\'S MAIN LOCATIONS
EDF Energy's main offices are located in
Exeter , Crawley
* Energy portal
* Nuclear technology portal
* Renewable energy portal
* Energy policy of the
* Energy use and conservation in the
* Green electricity in the
* ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 72" (PDF). EDF Group.
* ^ A B "About British Energy". British Energy.
* ^ "Shareholder Information". EDF Energy.
* ^ "China\'s CGN to buy three small UK wind farms from EDF" (Press
release). Reuters. 15 December 2014.
* ^ Garvin, Daniel (21 February 2013). "How to occupy a power
station: exclusive footage of No Dash For
Gas as they prepare to shut
down the West Burton plant – video". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March
2013. Environmental activists No Dash For
Gas occupied two 300ft
chimneys at the EDF-owned gas-fired power station in West Burton,
Nottinghamshire, in November 2012. Exclusive footage shows the group's
meticulous preparation for the action. They closed the facility for
eight days – the longest occupation of a power plant in the UK.
Protesters reject government plans to invest heavily in new gas power
stations and instead call for massive investment in renewables
* ^ "Press release: EDF suing climate activists for £5 million -
protesters face losing homes". No Dash for Gas. 20 February 2013.
Retrieved 27 February 2013. Following the week-long shut-down and
occupation of EDF's West Burton gas-fired power station last October
by campaign group 'No Dash for Gas', EDF has launched a civil claim
for damages against the group and associated activists for costs the
company claims to have incurred – a figure it puts at £5 million
* ^ Ball, James (20 February 2013). "Activists claim police siding
with power company EDF in lawsuit". The Guardian. Retrieved 27
February 2013. The action includes an injunction barring those named
from the site, but – in an unusual move in the UK – also has a
provision to recover damages, interest, and court costs from the
activists. ... John Sauven, the executive director of Greenpeace ...
"EDF's lawsuit represents the opening of a new front against peaceful
* ^ Monbiot, George (25 February 2013). "Will EDF become the Barbra
Streisand of climate protest?". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
The energy giant is part of a global strategy by corporations to
stifle democracy. ... The Streisand effect, in other words, is
blowback: disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at
censorship. ... The best-known example is Britain's famous McLibel
case, in which McDonald's tried to sue two penniless activists. ...
EDF might find itself in similar trouble.
* ^ Read, Simon (14 March 2013). "Energy giant EDF drops lawsuit
against climate change protesters after backlash". The Independent.
Retrieved 14 March 2013. Campaigners claimed the climb down as a major
victory after a backlash in which hundreds of customers deserted the
company and 64,000 people signed an online petition.
* ^ Ball, James (13 March 2013). "EDF drops lawsuit against
environmental activists after backlash". The Guardian. Retrieved 14
* ^ EDF Web Site - Coal
* ^ -
Department of Energy and Climate Change \'Digest of UK energy
* ^ EDF Web Site - Gas
* ^ West Burton Combined Cycle
Gas Turbine Station, EDF Web Site
* ^ EDF Web Site - Wind Turbines
* ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 74" (PDF). EDF Group.
* ^ Point, Hinkley (2015-10-21). "Press release: Agreements in
place for construction of Hinkley Point C nuclear power station". EDF
Energy. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
* ^ "Defect in UK nuclear plant boiler leads
EDF Energy to shut
four reactors". Business Sun. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August
* ^ "EDF to keep four UK nuclear plants open for years longer - BBC
News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
* ^ "Green Electricity… Are you being conned". The Ecologist. 1
* ^ A B "
EDF Energy powers Marine Current Turbine\'s First
Commercial Prototype". EDF Website. 3 January 2006.
* ^ "EDF Renewables Generation & Development". Performance Report
* ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 75" (PDF). EDF Group.
EDF Energies Nouvelles and
EDF Energy to form joint venture in
the United Kingdom
Ecotricity threatens legal action against EDF in green Union
* ^ Andrew Lee (30 April 2013). "First power from EDF\'s Teesside".
Recharge. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
* ^ New
EDF Energy partnership to deliver help on your doorstep
EDF Energy website, accessed 7 August 2012 Archived 11 July
2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "Save today, Save tomorrow, EDF Energy". Retrieved 27 February
* ^ Team Green Britain
* ^ "The GB electricity distribution network". Retrieved 4 August