Edward James Lennox (September 12, 1854 – April 15, 1933) was a Toronto-based architect who designed several of the city's most notable landmarks in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including Old City Hall and Casa Loma. He designed over 70 buildings in the city of Toronto.


1 Life and career 2 Buildings 3 Legacy 4 Notes 5 References 6 External

Life and career[edit] Lennox standing in front of one of his buildings, the Freehold Loan Building, at Adelaide and Victoria Streets The son of Irish immigrants, he studied at the Mechanics' Institute in Toronto, where he finished first in his class. Upon graduation in 1874, he apprenticed with architect William Irving for five years. He then formed a partnership with fellow architect William Frederick McCaw, before forming his own firm in 1881. He quickly became one of the most successful architects in Toronto. He rose to the top of his profession when he won the contract for Toronto City Hall in 1886. His caricature can be seen carved in stone on the facade of Old City Hall—he's the one with the handlebar moustache. Many of his buildings were designed in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, and he was one of the most important figures in bringing that style to Toronto. His creative prowess in the Romanesque Revival style was especially important in The Annex neighbourhood, where Lennox designed the Lewis Lukes House at 37 Madison Avenue in the mid-1880s, pioneering the Annex House. This style of house is indigenous to Toronto, and it blends elements of Romanesque with that of Queen Anne style architecture. Later in his life, he served as commissioner of the Toronto Transit Commission from 1923-1929.







Hanlan's Hotel

Toronto Islands


Queen Anne; demolished

Twenty Plenty outlet

150 Main Street, Unionville, Ontario


Queen Anne; built as Unionville Congregational Church and sold to Presbyterian Church 1894; later used as veterans hall

Bond Street Congregational Church

Dundas Street and Bond Street (northeast corner)


Gothic Revival; destroyed 1981 (fire, then demolished)

Berwick Hall

139 Main Street South, Georgetown


Victorian; home of local businessman John R. Barber from 1880 to 1904, then an apartment building

Massey Manufacturing Company Office Building

710 King Street West and 519 King Street West


Richardsonian Romanesque; 710 demolished, with 519 now as 511 King Street West (offices and retail tenants)

Lewis Lukes House

37 Madison Avenue, The Annex


Richardsonian Romanesque; converted to office space (Maverick Public Relations Inc.)

Milburn Building

47-55 Colborne Street


Richardsonian Romanesque; lower floor restaurants and upper floor offices

Mausoleum of Hart Massey

Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque

Toronto Athletic Club

149 College Street at University Avenue, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque; now Rotman School, University of Toronto

Beard Building

King Street East and Jarvis Street, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque; considered the city's first skyscraper; demolished in the 1930s

Georgetown High School

Georgetown, Ontario


Demolished 1959 and replaced with current building 1960 (now Georgetown District High School)

Freehold Loan Building

Adelaide Street East at Victoria Street, Toronto


Demolished 1960s; became 20 Adelaide Street East c. 1988

Broadway Methodist Tabernacle

College Street and Spadina Avenue, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque; demolished c. 1930

Old City Hall

Queen Street West and Bay Street, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque; now provincial court house

Massey Harris Head Office

915 King Street West, Toronto


Richardsonian Romanesque; now Massey Harris Lofts

King Edward Hotel

King Street East and Jarvis Street, Toronto


Chicago School; designed with Henry Ives Cobb for George Gooderham’s Toronto Hotel Company[1]

Toronto-Bridgman Transformer Station

391 Davenport Road


Toronto Hydro Transformer Station

Bank of Toronto

Yonge Street and Queen Street



West Wing of the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park

Queen's Park Crescent, Toronto


Edwardian Neo-Classical to interior and additional floor on West Wing

Casa Loma

1 Austin Terrace, Toronto


Gothic Revival

Toronto Power Generating Station

Niagara Falls, Ontario



St. Paul's Anglican Church

227 Bloor Street East


Gothic Revival

Postal Station G

765 Queen Street East, South Riverdale, Toronto


Neo-Classical; Queen/Saulter Library 1980, today the Ralph Thornton Community Centre


5 Austin Terrace


Tudor Revival; built by Lennox as his own residence, and today is the provincial home of the Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate

Excelsior Life Insurance Company Building

36 Toronto Street


Beaux-Arts; currently used as office and commercial space

Wolseley Motor Car Company

77 Avenue Road


Richardsonian Romanesque; demolished 1976 and now part of Hazelton Lanes complex

Toronto Western Hospital

399 Bathurst Street

Neo-Renaissance; 1906 (North Wing), 1910 (South Wing), 1911 and 1923 (additions )

Demolished 1950s-1992; now parking lot

Residence for James B. Boustead

134 Bloor Street East


Tudor Revival; built for James Bellingham Boustead, Toronto entrepreneur and Toronto alderman 1865-1897; demolished mid-20th Century and near the site of the Manulife Insurance Building

Legacy[edit] A small residential street called E.J. Lennox Way is named for him in Unionville, Ontario, behind the former Unionville Congregational Church. His son Edgar Edward Lennox was also an architect, as well as brother Charles David Lennox, who worked with E.J. Lennox from 1887 to1915. Susan M. Lennox great grand daughter of Charles David Lennox and great great niece of E.J. Lennox also an Architect. Graduate of University of Toronto 1992 Bachlor of Architecture. Founder of Lennox Architects Huntsville Ontario.


^ Ontario Heritage Trust King Edward Hotel Archived 2011-05-17 at the Wayback Machine.

References[edit] Lennox, Edward James. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Litvak, Marilyn M. Edward James Lennox: Builder of Toronto External[edit] Media related to E.J. Lennox at Wikimedia Commons Authority control WorldCat Identities ISNI: 0000 0001 1757 1203 LCCN: nr96030145 SNAC: w6086xbh SUDOC: 144149451 ULAN: 500077911 VI