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E. Remington and Sons
E. Remington and Sons
(1816–1896) was a manufacturer of firearms and typewriters. Founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington
Eliphalet Remington
in Ilion, New York, on March 1, 1873 it became known for manufacturing the first commercial typewriter.

Contents

1 History

1.1 The rifle barrel 1.2 Becoming "E. Remington & Sons" 1.3 Remington's typewriter

2 Successor companies

2.1 Remington Arms 2.2 Remington Typewriter
Typewriter
Company

3 Bibliography 4 External links 5 References

History[edit]

Eliphalet Remington

Remington .46 Conversion display

The rifle barrel[edit] There are two versions of the origin story of the first Remington rifle barrel. One holds that the younger Remington wanted to purchase a rifle and lacked the money to buy one so he made his own. The other states that he forged a barrel from wrought iron to see if he could build a better rifle than he could buy.[1] Both versions have him taking the barrel to a gunsmith to have it rifled.[2] Eliphalet II forged his first rifle barrel as a young blacksmith in 1816 and finished second place in a local shooting match with it. Despite not winning the match, he proceeded to make barrels to meet the growing demand for flintlock rifles in the Mohawk Valley. With the completion of the Erie Canal, connecting Buffalo with Albany, commerce in the Mohawk Valley
Mohawk Valley
expanded remarkably as did the demand for rifle barrels.[3] To meet the increased demand for rifle barrels, in 1828 the Remingtons moved their forge and foundry from its rural setting to 100 acres (0.4 km²) of land they had purchased astride the canal and abutting the Mohawk River near a town then called Morgan's Landing (later Ilion), New York.[4] The move coincided with the elder Eliphalet's death, and Eliphalet II assumed control of the business.[5] Becoming "E. Remington & Sons"[edit] In 1839 Eliphalet was joined by his oldest son, Philo Remington
Philo Remington
(to make the business "E. Remington & Son"), and in 1845 his second son, Samuel, also joined the company, afterwards called "E. Remington & Sons".[4] Remington's third son, Eliphalet III, would later join the company as well. During this period, the Remingtons specialized almost exclusively in the manufacture of rifle barrels. These barrels, marked with the distinctive "REMINGTON" stamp near their breeches, were recognized for their quality and reasonable price. Many, if not most, of the independent gunsmiths in the Mohawk Valley
Mohawk Valley
purchased completed (but not rifled) barrels from Remington and assembled them into firearms custom ordered by their customers. As demand increased, the Remingtons added other parts to their inventory, first percussion locks made in Birmingham, England
England
but marked with their stamp "REMINGTON", and later sets of brass gun furniture, including trigger guards, butt plates, and patch boxes. After 1846, first martial longarm and then revolver production dominated the company's workforce.[5] [6] In 1848, the company purchased gun making machinery from the Ames Manufacturing Company of Chicopee, Massachusetts, and took over a contract for Jenks breechloading percussion carbines for the U.S. Navy. Remington supplied the U.S. Navy
U.S. Navy
with its first breech-loading rifle. Remington supplied the U.S. Army
U.S. Army
with rifles in the Mexican-American War
Mexican-American War
(1846 to 1848). Shortly after, Remington took over a defaulted contract (by John Griffith of Cincinnati) for 5,000 U.S. Model 1841 Percussion Mississippi rifles. Based on the success of filling these orders, subsequent contracts followed in the 1850s.[4][5] In 1856 the business was expanded to include the manufacture of agricultural implements. Upon Eliphalet's death in 1861, his son, Philo, took over the firm during the Civil War, and diversified the product line to include sewing machines (manufactured from 1870 to 1894) and typewriters (1873), both of which were exhibited at the Centennial Exposition
Centennial Exposition
in Philadelphia in 1876.[citation needed] Remington's typewriter[edit]

Sholes & Glidden Typewriter, 1876

On June 23, 1868 a patent was granted to Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel W. Soule
Samuel W. Soule
for a "Type-Writer" which was eventually developed into the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first device that allowed an operator to type substantially faster than a person could write by hand. The patent (U.S. 79,265) was sold for $12,000 to Densmore and Yost, who made an agreement with E. Remington and Sons (then famous as a manufacturer of sewing machines), to commercialize what was known as the Sholes and Glidden Type-Writer. Remington started production of their first typewriter on March 1, 1873 in Ilion, New York. The Type-Writer introduced the QWERTY, designed by Sholes, and the success of the follow-up Remington No. 2 of 1878 – the first typewriter to include both upper and lower case letters via a shift key – led to the popularity of the QWERTY
QWERTY
layout.[7] Successor companies[edit] Remington Arms[edit] Main article: Remington Arms

Remington-Rider

E. Remington & Sons supplied a large proportion of the small arms used by the United States government in the Civil War (1861 to 1865). On March 7, 1888, ownership of E. Remington & Sons left possession of the Remington family and was sold to new owners, Hartley and Graham of New York, New York
New York, New York
and the Winchester Repeating Arms
Winchester Repeating Arms
Company of New Haven, Connecticut. At which time the name was formally changed to the Remington Arms
Remington Arms
Company.[8] Remington in addition was one of the most successful gun manufacturers in the world arms trade between 1867 and 1900, specifically through the export of the Remington Rolling Block
Remington Rolling Block
action rifle. This single-shot, large-caliber black-powder cartridge rifle was exported in the millions all over the world, including shipments to France, Egypt, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Argentina, Mexico and the Papal States. It was an important gun supplier of small arms used by the United States government in World War I
World War I
(U.S. involvement 1917 to 1918) and World War II
World War II
(U.S. involvement 1941 to 1945) Remington Typewriter
Typewriter
Company[edit]

Remington Model 1892

In 1886, E. Remington and Sons
E. Remington and Sons
sold its typewriter business to the Standard Typewriter
Typewriter
Manufacturing Company, Inc. Included were the rights to use the Remington name. The buyers were William O. Wyckoff, Harry H. Benedict and Clarence Seamans, all of whom worked for Remington. Standard Typewriter
Typewriter
changed its name in 1902 to Remington Typewriter Company.[9] This company merged in 1927 with Rand Kardex
Kardex
Bureau to form Remington Rand,[10] which continued to manufacture office equipment and later became a major computer company, as well as manufacturing electric razors. Bibliography[edit]

Beeching, Wilfred A. (1974). Century of the Typewriter. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-434-90120-2

External links[edit]

"Remington 2 typewriter - 1895, The Martin Howard Collection".  "Remington 4 Perfected typewriter - 1895, The Martin Howard Collection". 

References[edit]

^ Society, Herkimer County Historical; Smith, Arthur T. (1899). Papers Read Before the Herkimer County Historical Society During the Years 1896-. Citizen Publishing Company. pp. 78–82.  ^ Shideler, Dan (2008). Standard Catalog Of Remington Firearms
Firearms
(Iola, Wisconsin ed.). Krause Publications. p. 11. ISBN 1-4402-2699-7.  ^ Newman, Stephen Morrell (1881). America: an encyclopaedia of its history and biography. Horace King. p. 411.  ^ a b c Flayderman, Norm (2001). Flayderman's guide to antique American firearms ... and their values (8th ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. pp. 134–136. ISBN 0-87349-313-3.  ^ a b c Marcot, Roy M. (2005). The History of Remington Firearms. Lyons Press. pp. 8–10. ISBN 978-1-59228-690-4.  ^ Marcot, Roy M. (2005). The History of Remington Firearms. Lyons Press. pp. 8–10, 43. ISBN 978-1-59228-690-4.  ^ Liebowitz, S. J.; Margolis, Stephen (2002). The Economics of QWERTY: History, Theory, and Policy. New York: New York University Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-8147-5178-7.  ^ Henning, Robert A.; Terrence H. Witkowski (November 2013). "The Advertising of E. Remington & Sons: The Creation of a National Brand, 1854-1888". Journal of Historical Research in Marketing 5: 418–438.  ^ http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_850053 ^ Saunders, Cece; Schneiderman-Fox, Faline (March 2010). Documentation – Remington Rand
Remington Rand
Facility, 180 Johnson Street, Middletown, Connecticut (PDF). Historical Perspectives, Inc. p. 6. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 

Companies portal

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Remington firearms and cartridges

Rifles

Bolt-action

JuniorTarget 521TL Remington-Keene rifle M1903 Springfield
M1903 Springfield
rifle Pattern 1914 Enfield M1917 Enfield Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 30 Model 34 Model 504 Model 511 Model 512 Model 513 Model 521 Model 580 Model 581 Model 582 Model 600 Model 660 Model 673 Model 700 Model 710 Model 720 Model 721 Model 770 Model 788 Model 798 Model 799 M24 Sniper Weapon System M2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle Modular Sniper Rifle

Pump-action

Model Six Model 14 Model 121 Model 141 Model 572 Model 572 Fieldmaster Model 760 Model 7600

Semi-automatic

Nylon 66 Model Four Model 8 Model 24 Model 241 Model 522 Model 552 Model 597 Model 740 Model 742 Model 7400 Model 750 R5 Remington Gas System Model R-25 RSASS

Automatic

Adaptive combat rifle (ACR)

Single shot

Rolling block

Shotguns

Pump-action

Model 10 and 29 Model 17 Model 31 Model 870 Model 887

Semi-automatic

Model 11 Model 11-48 Model 58 Model 878 Model 1100 Model 11-87 Model SP-10 SPR 453

Break-action

SPR 100 SPR 310

Handguns

Semi-automatic

1911 R1 Model 51 R51 RM380

Revolver

Model 1858 Model 1875 Model 1890

Derringer

Model 95 Rider Single Shot Pistol Zig-Zag Derringer

Other

XP-100

Cartridges

.17 Remington
.17 Remington
Fireball .17 Remington 5mm Remington Rimfire Magnum .22 BR .22 Remington Jet .221 Remington Fireball .222 Remington .222 Remington
.222 Remington
Magnum .223 Remington .22-250 Remington 6mm BR 6mm Remington .25 Remington .257 Roberts .25-06 Remington .260 Remington 6.5mm Remington Magnum 7mm BR Remington 7mm-08 Remington .280 Remington 7mm Remington Magnum 7mm Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum 7mm Remington Ultra Magnum .30 Remington .30 Remington
.30 Remington
AR .300 Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum .300 Remington Ultra Magnum .32 Remington 8mm Remington Magnum .338 Remington Ultra Magnum .35 Remington .35 Whelen .350 Remington Magnum .375 Remington Ultra Magnum .416 Remington Magnum .44 Remington Magnum

v t e

Typewriters

Manufacturers

Brother Commodore International E. Remington and Sons IBM Imperial Typewriter
Typewriter
Company Oliver Typewriter
Typewriter
Company Olivetti Royal Typewriter
Typewriter
Company Sharp Smith Corona Underwood Typewriter
Typewriter
Company Xerox

Models

Blickensderfer typewriter Data Recall Diamond Hammond Typewriter Hansen Writing Ball IBM
IBM
Selectric typewriter Sholes and Glidden typewriter

Prominent figures

Lucien Stephen Crandall Frank Haven Hall James Densmore Carlos Glidden Rasmus Malling-Hansen Henry Mill Clarence Seamans Christopher Sholes James Fields Smathers Lyman Cornelius Smith Samuel W. Soule Kyota Sugimoto

Components

P

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