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Dziady
Dziady
is an ancient Slavic feast commemorating the dead ancestors. The Polish and Belarusian word means "grandfathers". The commemoration took place twice every year (in spring and in autumn), but nowadays it is usually held around end of October. During the feast the Slavs perform libations and eat ritual meals, to celebrate the living and the souls of the forefathers who joined the dziady after dark. In Poland
Poland
the tradition was supplanted by the Christian Zaduszki feast[1] but original Dziady
Dziady
celebration continues among Rodnovery. In Belarus, Dziady
Dziady
(Дзяды) usually took place on the last Saturday before St. Dmitry's day, at the end of October/beginning of November (Dźmitreuskija dziady, St. Dmitry's Dziady). There were also Trinity
Trinity
Day Dziady, Shrovetide Dziady, and some other dates. Today, it is celebrated on November 2. [2] Lithuanians
Lithuanians
have a similar feast day, called Ilgės. It has roots in pagan times, and differs slightly from the Slavic Dziady. In 1988 the newly founded Belarusian Popular Front
Belarusian Popular Front
(BPF) initiated the revival of the tradition in Belarus. In addition, on this day a rally to Kurapaty
Kurapaty
on the outskirts of Minsk is arranged, in the memory of the victims of Soviet political repressions. The communist administration of the country at that time strongly opposed the initiative. The BPF and other movements in Belarus
Belarus
have continued the tradition.[3][4] In Literature[edit] Much of the second part of Adam Mickiewicz's verse drama Dziady (published in 1823) depicts the Dziady
Dziady
feast organized in what is now Belarus, and popular among Ruthenians
Ruthenians
and Lithuanians
Lithuanians
during the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. See also[edit]

Belarusian mythology

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dziady.

^ About Zaduszki
Zaduszki
(in Polish) ^ https://anydayguide.com/calendar/845 ^ "On Dziady
Dziady
Day: To Kurapaty" Belarusian edition of Radio Liberty October 22, 2002 (in Belarusian) ^ "Dziady. Kurapaty
Kurapaty
1937-2007" (in Belarusian)

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Polish folk customs and traditions

Winter

Konik • Koza • Turoń • Podłaźniczka • Gromnica • Jemioła • Ścięcie śmierci • Podkoziołek • Popielcowe klocki • Wkupne do bab • Zapusty • Ostatki
Ostatki
• Przebierańce • Comber • Herody • Kolęda

Spring

Marzanna
Marzanna
• Zielone Świątki • Gregorianki • Hanging of Judas • Pucheroki • Święconka
Święconka
Śmigus-dyngus
Śmigus-dyngus
• Emaus fair • Turki • Dziady
Dziady
śmigustne • Śmiergust
Śmiergust
Siuda Baba
Siuda Baba
• Kurek dyngusowy • Pisanki • Walatka
Walatka
Easter palm
Easter palm
• Jezusek Palmowy • Funeral of żur and a herring • Roduś • Rękawka • Żandary • Siwki • Maypole
Maypole
Fat Thursday
Fat Thursday
• Gorzkie żale

Summer

Noc Kupały • Sobótka
Sobótka
• Wyzwolenie kosiarza • Oborywanie przepiórki • Ścinanie kani • Zażynki

Autumn

Dożynki
Dożynki
Dziady
Dziady
Zaduszki
Zaduszki
• Katarzynki • Andrzejki

Attire • Traditional music • Folk dance

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