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A DYNASTY (UK : /ˈdɪnəsti/ , US : /ˈdaɪnəsti/ ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family, usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system but sometimes also appearing in elective republics . The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house "; which may be styled "royal ", "princely ", "comital ", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states , such as Ancient Egypt , the Carolingian Empire and Imperial China , using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase ").

Until the 19th century, it was taken for granted that a legitimate function of a monarch was to aggrandize his dynasty: that is, to increase the territory , wealth, and power of his family members. The longest-surviving dynasty in the world is the Imperial House of Japan , the Yamato dynasty , whose reign is traditionally dated to 660 BC.

Dynasties throughout the world have traditionally been reckoned patrilineally , such as under the Frankish Salic law . Succession through a daughter when permitted was considered to establish a new dynasty in her husband's ruling house. However, some states in Africa (Balobedu ), determined descent matrilineally , while rulers have at other times adopted the name of their mother's dynasty when coming into her inheritance.

Less frequently, a monarchy has alternated or been rotated, in a multidynastic (or polydynastic) system – that is, the most senior living members of parallel dynasties, at any point in time, constitute the line of succession.

The word "dynasty" is sometimes used informally for people who are not rulers but, for example, members of a family with influence and power in other areas, such as a series of successive owners of a major company. It is also extended to unrelated people such as major poets of the same school or various rosters of a single sports team.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Dynasts

* 3 Dynasties by region

* 3.1 Africa

* 3.1.1 Chad * 3.1.2 Egypt * 3.1.3 Ethiopia * 3.1.4 Guinea * 3.1.5 Madagascar * 3.1.6 Morocco * 3.1.7 Nigeria

* 3.1.8 Senegal and Gambia (Senegambia)

* 3.1.8.1 Senegambian

* 3.1.9 Somalia * 3.1.10 Swaziland * 3.1.11 South Africa

* 3.2 Asia

* 3.2.1 Afghanistan * 3.2.2 Bhutan * 3.2.3 Cambodia * 3.2.4 China * 3.2.5 Central Asia * 3.2.6 Middle East * 3.2.7 India * 3.2.8 Iran (Persia)

* 3.2.9 Israel

* 3.2.9.1 Kingdom of Jerusalem

* 3.2.10 Indonesia * 3.2.11 Japan * 3.2.12 Korea * 3.2.13 Kuwait * 3.2.14 Malaysia * 3.2.15 Mongolia * 3.2.16 Myanmar * 3.2.17 Nepal * 3.2.18 Philippines * 3.2.19 Ryūkyū

* 3.2.20 Sri Lanka

* 3.2.20.1 Anuradhapura * 3.2.20.2 Polonnaruwa * 3.2.20.3 Jaffna * 3.2.20.4 Kandy * 3.2.20.5 British Ceylon

* 3.2.21 Saudi Arabia * 3.2.22 Tibet * 3.2.23 Thailand * 3.2.24 United Arab Emirates

* 3.2.25 Vietnam

* 3.2.25.1 Champa

* 3.3 Europe

* 3.3.1 Austria * 3.3.2 Albania * 3.3.3 Armenia * 3.3.4 Belgium * 3.3.5 Bosnia * 3.3.6 Bulgaria

* 3.3.7 Barbarians

* 3.3.7.1 Bavarii * 3.3.7.2 Franks * 3.3.7.3 Huns * 3.3.7.4 Scirii * 3.3.7.5 Avars * 3.3.7.6 Lombards * 3.3.7.7 Ostrogoths * 3.3.7.8 Suebi * 3.3.7.9 Vandals * 3.3.7.10 Visigoths

* 3.3.8 Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) * 3.3.9 Croatia * 3.3.10 Cyprus * 3.3.11 Denmark * 3.3.12 France * 3.3.13 Georgia

* 3.3.14 Germany

* 3.3.14.1 Bavaria * 3.3.14.2 Saxony

* 3.3.15 Hungary * 3.3.16 Monaco * 3.3.17 Montenegro * 3.3.18 Ireland * 3.3.19 Italy * 3.3.20 Netherlands * 3.3.21 Norway * 3.3.22 Poland

* 3.3.23 Portugal

* 3.3.23.1 County of Portugal * 3.3.23.2 Kingdom of Portugal

* 3.3.24 Western Roman Empire

* 3.3.25 Romania

* 3.3.25.1 Before the Unification * 3.3.25.2 Moldavia * 3.3.25.3 Wallachia * 3.3.25.4 After the Unification

* 3.3.26 Russia * 3.3.27 Serbia

* 3.3.28 Spain

* 3.3.28.1 Before the Unification * 3.3.28.2 Aragon * 3.3.28.3 Asturias * 3.3.28.4 Barcelona * 3.3.28.5 Castile * 3.3.28.6 León * 3.3.28.7 Navarre * 3.3.28.8 After the Unification (1516)

* 3.3.29 Sweden * 3.3.30 Turkey

* 3.3.31 Two Sicilies

* 3.3.31.1 Sicily

* 3.3.32 British Isles

* 3.3.32.1 England * 3.3.32.2 Wales * 3.3.32.3 Ireland * 3.3.32.4 Scotland * 3.3.32.5 Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603–1707) * 3.3.32.6 Personal union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1801) * 3.3.32.7 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1921)

* 3.3.32.8 Personal union of the UK and several other Irish states (1921–1949) * 3.3.32.9 UK (without the personal union with Ireland) (1949-present)

* 3.4 North America

* 3.4.1 Mexico

* 3.5 Central America

* 3.5.1 Maya States

* 3.6 South America

* 3.6.1 Peru * 3.6.2 Brazil * 3.6.3 Chile

* 3.7 Caribbean

* 3.7.1 Haiti

* 3.8 Oceania

* 3.8.1 Hawaii * 3.8.2 New Zealand Māori * 3.8.3 Tahiti * 3.8.4 Tonga * 3.8.5 Political families in Republics

* 4 Influential/wealthy families * 5 See also * 6 References

ETYMOLOGY

The word "dynasty" derives from Latin _dynastia_ from Greek _dynastéia_ (δυναστεία), where it referred to "power", "dominion", and "rule" itself. It was the abstract noun of _dynástēs_ (δυνάστης), the agent noun of _dynamis_ (δύναμις), "power" or "ability", from _dýnamai_ (δύναμαι), "to be able".

DYNASTS

A ruler in a dynasty is sometimes referred to as a "dynast", but this term is also used to describe any member of a reigning family who retains a right to succeed to a throne. For example, following his abdication, Edward VIII of the United Kingdom ceased to be a dynastic member of the House of Windsor .

A "dynastic marriage" is one that complies with monarchical house law restrictions, so that the descendants are eligible to inherit the throne or other royal privileges. The marriage of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange , to Máxima Zorreguieta in 2002 was dynastic, for example, and their eldest child is expected to inherit the Dutch crown eventually. But the marriage of his younger brother Prince Friso to Mabel Wisse Smit in 2003 lacked government support and parliamentary approval. Thus Friso forfeited his place in the order of succession , lost his title as a _ Prince of the Netherlands_, and left his children without dynastic rights.

In historical and monarchist references to formerly reigning families, a "dynast" is a family member who would have had succession rights, were the monarchy's rules still in force. For example, after the 1914 assassinations of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie von Hohenberg , their son Max was bypassed for the Austrian throne because he was not a Habsburg dynast. Even since abolition of the Austrian monarchy, Max and his descendants have not been considered the rightful pretenders by Austrian monarchists, nor have they claimed that position.

The term "dynast" is sometimes used only to refer to agnatic descendants of a realm 's monarchs, and sometimes to include those who hold succession rights through cognatic royal descent. The term can therefore describe overlapping but distinct sets of people. For example, David Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley , a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II through her sister, Princess Margaret , is in the line of succession to the British crown: in that sense he is a British dynast. Yet he is not a male-line member of the royal family , and is therefore not a dynast of the House of Windsor.

On the other hand, the German aristocrat Ernst August, Prince of Hanover (born 1954), a male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom , possesses no legal British name, titles or styles (although he is entitled to re-claim the once-royal dukedom of Cumberland ), was born in the line of succession to the British crown and was bound by Britain's Royal Marriages Act 1772 until it was repealed when the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 took effect on 26 March 2015. Thus, in 1999 he requested and obtained formal permission from Elizabeth II to marry the Roman Catholic Princess Caroline of Monaco . Yet a clause of the English Act of Settlement 1701 remained in effect at that time, stipulating that dynasts who marry Roman Catholics are considered "dead" for the purpose of succession to the throne. That exclusion, too, ceased to apply on 26 March 2015, with retroactive effect for those who had been dynasts prior to triggering it by marriage to a Catholic.

DYNASTIES BY REGION

AFRICA

* 19 dynasty (746 to 653 BC) * 1st dynasty * dynasty of Al Mahdi Dynasty (1845 to 1945)

Chad

* Duguwa dynasty (c. 700 – c. 1075) * Sayfawa dynasty (c. 1075–1846)

Egypt

* 1st dynasty (c. 3050–2890 BC) * 2nd dynasty (2890–2686 BC) * 3rd dynasty (2686–2613 BC) * 4th dynasty (2613–2498 BC) * 5th dynasty (2498–2345 BC) * 6th dynasty (2345–2181 BC) * 7th and 8th dynasties (2181–2160 BC) * 9th dynasty (2160–2130 BC) * 10th dynasty (2130–2040 BC) * 11th dynasty (2134–1991 BC) * 12th dynasty (1991–1803 BC) * 13th dynasty (1803–1649 BC) * 14th dynasty (1705–1690 BC) * 15th dynasty (1674–1535 BC) * 16th dynasty (1660–1600 BC) * 17th dynasty (1650–1549 BC) * 18th dynasty (1549–1292 BC) * 19th dynasty (1292–1186 BC) * 20th dynasty (1186–1069 BC) * 21st dynasty (1069–945 BC) * 22nd dynasty (945–720 BC) * 23rd dynasty (837–728 BC) * 24th dynasty (732–720 BC) * 25th dynasty (732–653 BC) * 26th dynasty (672–525 BC) * Achaemenid dynasty (525–404 BC) * 28th dynasty (404–398 BC) * 29th dynasty (398–380 BC) * 30th dynasty (380–343 BC) * Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) * Argead dynasty (332–309 BC) * Ptolemaic Dynasty (305–30 BC) * Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC – 68 AD) * Flavian Dynasty (69–96) * Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96–192) * Severan Dynasty (193–235) * Constantinian dynasty (303–336)

* Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

* House of Theodosius from 379

* Leonid dynasty (457–518) * Justinian Dynasty (518–602) * Sassanian dynasty * Heraclian Dynasty (602–695 and 705–711) * Muhammad Ali Dynasty (1805–1953)

Ethiopia

* Kingdom of Aksum (c. 100 – c. 940) * Zagwe dynasty (c. 900–1270) * Walashma dynasty * Solomonic dynasty (1270–1974) * Mudaito Dynasty (1734–1971)

Guinea

* Keita dynasty (c. 1200–1670)

Madagascar

* Merina Dynasty (c. 1500–1897)

Morocco

* Idrisid dynasty (789–974) * Almoravid dynasty (1060–1147) * Almohad dynasty (1147–1258) * Marinid dynasty (1258–1465) * Wattasid dynasty (1471–1554) * Saadi dynasty (1554–1659) * Alaouite dynasty (1666–present)

Nigeria

* Eri dynasty of the Igbo and Igala peoples * Ibn Fodio dynasty of Sokoto and Gwandu * Jaja dynasty of Opobu * Modibo Adama dynasty of Adamawa * el-Kanemi dynasty of Bornu

* Ooduan dynasty of Ife, Egba, Ketu, Sabe, Oyo, Ijero and the Ilas

* Asodeboyede dynasty of Akure (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

* Ologun Kutere dynasty of Lagos (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

* Eweka dynasty of Benin (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

* Sayfawa dynasty of Bornu

Senegal And Gambia (Senegambia)

Senegambian

* Lamanic period

* Joof Dynasty

* Wagadou (princesses from the Kingdom of Wagadou, later Ghana Empire married into the Serer nobility) (c. 11th century or sooner-1350)

* Guelowar Dynasty (1350–1969)

* Joos (1367–1855), founded by Lingeer Ndoye Demba

Somalia

* Muzaffar Dynasty * Gareen Dynasty * Walashma Dynasty * Gobroon Dynasty * Warsangali Dynasty * Hobyo Dynasty * Majeerteen Dynasty * Murusade Dynasty

Swaziland

* House of Dlamini

South Africa

* Zulu Royal Family * Rain Queen dynasty * Transkeian dynasty of the Thembus (which counted Nelson Mandela as a ranking member)

ASIA

Afghanistan

* Durrani Dynasty (1747–1823 and 1839–1842) * Barakzai Dynasty (1818–1839, 1842–1929 and 1929–1973) * Usurper King (17 January 1929 – 13 October 1929)

Bhutan

* House of Wangchuck (1907–present)

Cambodia

* Varman Dynasty (13th century–present)

* House of Norodom (1860–present) * House of Sisowath (1904–present)

China

Main article: Dynasties in Chinese history

* Five Emperors (2852–2205 BC, legendary) * Xia dynasty (2070–1600 BC) * Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC) * Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC)

* Warring States period (445–221 BC) (Several of the dynasties in the Warring States were descended from the Zhou royal family)

* State of Qin * State of Qi * State of Chu * State of Yan * State of Han * State of Zhao * State of Wei * State of Jin – Same royal family as Zhou dynasty * State of Song (part of warring states) – The rulers of the state of Song were descendants of the Shang royal family. * State of Yue (part of warring states) – The kings of Yue claimed descent from the royal family of the Xia dynasty. * State of Wu – Same royal family as Zhou dynasty * State of Ba (barbarian state, non sinicized)

* Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) (The royal family of Qin ruled the State of Qin during warring states) (They also claimed descent from one of the Five emperors, Zhuanxu )

* Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD)

* Minyue - same royal family as state of yueh – they fled when conquered by Chu and established Minyue, Min yue coexisted with the Warring states period, Qin, and Han dynasty until han conquered it. * Nanyue (Southern Yue) - founded by Qin general Zhao Tuo . * Xin dynasty (9 AD – 23 AD) – Xin dynasty interrupted the Han dynasty, splitting it into east and west periods

* Three Kingdoms (220–265 AD) (The emperor of Shu was a descendant of the Han dynasty royal family)

* Cao Wei (220–265 AD) * Shu Han (221–263 AD) * Eastern Wu (229–280 AD)

* Jin dynasty (265–420 AD) * Sixteen Kingdoms (304–439 AD)

* Southern and Northern Dynasties (420–589 AD)

* Liu Song dynasty (420–479 AD) * Southern Qi (479–502 AD) * Liang dynasty (502–557 AD) * Chen dynasty (557–589 AD) * Northern Wei (controlled northern China to the Huai river) (386–534 AD) * Eastern Wei (534–550 AD) * Western Wei (535–557 AD) * Northern Qi (550–577 AD) * Northern Zhou (557–581 AD)

* Sui dynasty (581–618 AD)

* Tang dynasty (618–907 AD) (The Tang Emperors were members of the Li family , descended from a ruler in the Southern and Northern Dynasties)

* Second Zhou dynasty (690–705 AD) Interrupted Tang dynasty

* Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–960 AD)

* Later Liang (907–923 AD) * Later Tang (923–936 AD) * Later Jin (936–946 AD) * Later Han (947–950 AD) * Later Zhou (951–960 AD) * Former Shu (907–925 AD) * Wu (907–937 AD) * Wuyue (907–978 AD) * Chu (907–951 AD) * Southern Han (917–971 AD) * Min (909–945 AD) * Jingnan (924–963 AD) * Later Shu (934–965 AD) * Southern Tang (937–975 AD) * Northern Han (951–979 AD)

* Liao dynasty (Khitan) (916–1125 AD) (controlled the 16 prefectures) * Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) * Western Xia (1038–1227) * Jin dynasty (Jurchen) (controlled northern China to the Huai river ) (1115–1234) * Yuan dynasty (Mongol) (1271–1368) * Ming dynasty (1368–1644) * Shun dynasty (1644)

* Qing dynasty (Manchu) (1644–1912)

* Kingdom of Tungning (Taiwan, with Han Chinese rulers) (1662–1683)

* Empire of China (1915–1916)

Central Asia

* Tamerlane Timurid * Ghaznavid Empire * Ghurid Empire * Ottoman Empire * Seljuk Empire * Durrani dynasty * Chagatai Khanate * Moghulistan * Hotak dynasty * Sur dynasty * Mamluk dynasty * Khilji dynasty * Khwarazmian dynasty * Samanid dynasty

Middle East

* Sargonid dynasty * Rashidun Caliphate * Umayyad Caliphate * Abbasid Caliphate * Tulunids * Mamelukes * Fatimid dynasty * Ottoman Sultanate * Uyunid dynasty

India

* Brihadratha dynasty (1760-831 BC) * Pradyota dynasty (832-667 BC) * Haryanka dynasty (667-412 BC) * Shishunaga dynasty (413-345 BC) * Nanda dynasty (345–321 BC) * Maurya dynasty (322–185 BC) * Shunga dynasty (185–73 BC) * Kanva dynasty (75–26 BC) * Satavahana dynasty (230 BC – 220 AD) * Chera dynasty (300 BC – 1200 AD) * Chola dynasty (278 BC – 1279 AD) * Pandya dynasty (300 BC – 1345 AD) * Pallava dynasty (250 BC – 800 AD) * Kushāṇa dynasty (60–240 AD) * Vakataka dynasty (250–500) * Gupta dynasty (280–550) * Kadamba dynasty (345–525) * Western Ganga dynasty (350–1000) * Vishnukundina dynasty (420–624) * Harsha dynasty (606–647) * Shahi dynasty (6th to 12th century) * Chalukya dynasty (6th to 12th century) * Rajput dynasties (7th to 20th century) * Pratihara dynasty (650–1036) * Pala dynasty (750–1174) * Rashtrakuta dynasty (753–982) * Paramara dynasty (800–1327) * Yadava dynasty (850–1334) * Chaulukya dynasty (942–1244) * Hoysala dynasty (1040–1346) * Sena dynasty (1070–1230) * Eastern Ganga dynasty (1078–1434) * Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) * Travancore dynasty (1102–1949) * Ahom dynasty (1228–1826) * Sultanate dynasties (1206–1526) * Vijayanagara dynasty (1336–1646) * Mughal dynasty (1526–1857) * Maratha dynasty (1674–1818) * Wadiyar dynasty (1399–1947)

Iran (Persia)

* Median dynasty * Achaemenid dynasty * Parthian dynasty * Sasanian dynasty * Dabuyid dynasty * Bavand dynasty * Paduspanid dynasty * Ziyarid dynasty * Saffarid dynasty * Samanid dynasty * Ghaznavid dynasty * Buyid dynasty * Kakuyid dynasty * Ghurid dynasty * Seljuq dynasty * Khwarazmian dynasty * Ilkhanate dynasty * Jalayrid dynasty * Sarbadar dynasty * Chobanid dynasty * Muzaffarid dynasty * Timurid dynasty * Safavid dynasty * Hotaki dynasty * Afsharid dynasty * Zand dynasty * Qajar dynasty * Pahlavi dynasty

Israel

* Davidic Dynasty * Omride Dynasty * Hasmonean Dynasty * Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) * Argead dynasty (332–309 BC) * Ptolemaic Dynasty (305–30 BC) * Herodian Dynasty * Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC – AD 68) * Flavian Dynasty (69–96) * Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96–192) * Severan Dynasty (193–235) * Constantinian dynasty (303–336)

* Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

* House of Theodosius from 379

* Leonid dynasty (457–518) * Justinian Dynasty (518–602) * Heraclian Dynasty (602–695 and 705–711)

Kingdom Of Jerusalem

* House of Boulogne (1099–1118) * House of Rethel (1118–1153) * House of Anjou (1153–1205) * Houses of Aleramici and Brienne (1205–1228) * House of Hohenstaufen (1228–1268) * House of Lusignan (1186–1192)(1268-1485)

Indonesia

* Sailendra dynasty , Medang kingdom and Srivijaya empire * Sanjaya dynasty , Medang kingdom ( Central Java period) * Isyana dynasty , Medang kingdom ( East Java period), Kahuripan kingdom , Janggala and Kediri kingdom * Mauli dynasty , Dharmasraya and Pagaruyung kingdoms * Rajasa dynasty , Singhasari kingdom (1222–1292) and Majapahit empire (1293 – ca. 1500) * Four successor dynasties to Sultanate of Mataram : Pakubuwono , Hamengkubuwono , Paku Alaman , and Mangkunegaran (18th century - present)

Japan

* Yamato dynasty, Imperial house of Japan (660 BC (legendary) - present, with power fluctuating between absolute ruler to ceremonial figurehead to constitutional monarch)

Korea

* Gojoseon (2333 BC ? – 108 BC)

* Dangun Joseon (? BC – ?) * Gija Joseon (? BC – 194 BC) * Wiman Joseon (194 BC – 108 BC)

* Three Kingdoms of Korea (57 BC – 668 AD)

* Silla (57 BC – 935 AD) * Goguryeo (37 BC – 668 AD) * Baekje (18 BC – 660 AD)

* North-South States (698–892 AD)

* Unified Silla (668–892 AD) * Balhae (698–926 AD)

* Later Three Kingdoms (892–936 AD)

* Silla (57 BC – 935 AD) * Taebong (901–918 AD) * Later Baekje (892–936 AD)

* Goryeo dynasty (918–1392 AD, but as vassal of the Mongol Yuan dynasty between 1270 and 1356) * Joseon dynasty (1392–1897) - Korean Empire (1897–1910)

Kuwait

* House of Sabah (1718 – present)

Malaysia

* Langkasuka dynasty / Perlis (2nd century - present) * Kedah Tua/Kataha dynasty - Sultanate of Kedah (5th century - present) * Gangga Negara dynasty (9th century) * Malacca Malay sultanate (1400–1511) * Johor Malay sultanate (1528–1699) * Johor Malay Sultanate (Temenggong monarchy (1699–present) * Perak Malay Sultanate (1528–present)

Mongolia

* Borjigin dynasty of the Mongol Empire (1206–1368)

* Yuan dynasty (1271–1368) * Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1635)

* Aisin Gioro dynasty (Manchu) (1644–1912)

Myanmar

* Pyu dynasty (c. 3000 BC – c. 400 AD) * Sarekhitara dynasty (c. 400 – 1044) * Bagan dynasty (1044–1287) * Pinya dynasty (1287–1365) * Innwa dynasty (1365–1486) * Toungoo dynasty (1486–1752) * Nyaung Yan dynasty (1752–1824) * Konbaung dynasty (1824–1885)

Nepal

* Lichchhavi Dynasty (400-750) * Malla Dynasty (1201–1769) * Shah dynasty (1768–2008) * * Thapa dynasty (1806–1837 locally ruled by Sakya lamas and dpon-chens ) * Phagmodrupa Dynasty (1354–1642) * Rinpungpa Dynasty (1435–1565) * Tsangpa Dynasty (1565–1642) * Ganden Phodrang (1642–1959; locally ruled by Dalai Lamas but under Mongol or Chinese overlordship during most of the period) * Khoshut Khanate (Mongol, 1642–1717) * Qing dynasty (Manchu, 1720–1912)

Thailand

* Lavachakkaraj dynasty (638–1292) * Phra Ruang dynasty (1238–1438) * Mangrai dynasty (1296–1558) * Uthong dynasty (1350–1370) , (1388–1409) * Suphannaphum dynasty (1370–1388) , (1409–1569) * Sukhothai dynasty (1569–1629) * Prasart Thong dynasty (1629–1688) * Baan Plu Luang dynasty (1688–1767) * Tipchakratiwong dynasty (Seven princes dynasty) (Lanna Kingdom) (1732–1932) * Thonburi dynasty (1767–1782) * Chakri dynasty (1782 onwards)

United Arab Emirates

* House of Al-Falasi (1833-present) * Al Nahyan family (1761-present) * Al Qasimi * Al Nuaim * Al Sharqi

Vietnam

* Hồng Bàng Dynasty (2879–258 BC)

* Càn line (2879–2794 BC) * Khảm line (2793–2525 BC) * Cấn line (2524–2253 BC) * Chấn line (2254–1913 BC) * Tốn line (1912–1713 BC) * Ly line (1712–1632 BC) * Khôn line (1631–1432 BC) * Đoài line (1431–1332 BC) * Giáp line (1331–1252 BC) * Ất line (1251–1162 BC) * Bính line (1161–1055 BC) * Đinh line (1054–969 BC) * Mậu line (968–854 BC) * Kỷ line (853–755 BC) * Canh line (754–661 BC) * Tân line (660–569 BC) * Nhâm line (568–409 BC) * Qúy line (408–258 BC)

* Thục Dynasty (257–207 BC) * Triệu Dynasty (207–111 BC) * Han Dynasty (Chinese) (111 BC – 39 AD and 43–220) * Trưng Sisters (40–43) * Eastern Wu Dynasty (Chinese) (229–265 and 271–280) * Jin Dynasty (Chinese) (265–271 and 280–420) * Liu Song Dynasty (Chinese) (420–479) * Southern Qi Dynasty (Chinese) (479–502) * Liang Dynasty (Chinese) (502–544) * Early Lý Dynasty (544–602) * Sui Dynasty (Chinese) (602–618) * Tang Dynasty (Chinese) (618–905) * Khúc Family (905–930) * Ngô Dynasty (939–967) * Đinh Dynasty (968–980) * Early Lê Dynasty (980–1009) * Later Lý Dynasty (1009–1225) * Trần Dynasty (1225–1400) * Hồ Dynasty (1400–1407) * Later Trần Dynasty (1407–1413) * Ming Dynasty (Chinese) (1414–1427) * Later Lê Dynasty (1428–1527 and 1533–1788) * Mạc Dynasty (1527–1677) * Trịnh Lords (1545–1787) * Nguyễn Lords (1558–1777) * Tây Sơn Dynasty (1778–1802) * Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945)

Champa

* 1st dynasty (192–336) * 2nd dynasty (336–420) * 3rd dynasty (420–529) * 4th dynasty (529–758) * 5th dynasty (758–854) * 6th dynasty (854–989) * 7th dynasty (989–1044) * 8th dynasty (1044–1074) * 9th dynasty (1074–1139) * 10th dynasty (1139–1145) * 11th dynasty (1145–1190) * 12th dynasty (1190–1318) * 13th dynasty (1318–1390) * 14th dynasty (1390–1458) * 15th dynasty (1458–1471) * vacant (1471–1695) * Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

EUROPE

Austria

* House of Babenberg (976–1246) * House of Habsburg (1273–1918)

Albania

* Progon Dynasty (1190–1216) * Capetian House of Anjou (1272–1368) * Kastrioti (1444–1468) * Wied (1914) * Zogu (1928–1939)

Armenia

* Orontid Dynasty * Artaxiad Dynasty or the Artashesi Dynasty (189 BC-12 AD) * Arsacid Dynasty or the Arshakuni Dynasty (54–428) * Bagratuni Dynasty or the Bagratid Dynasty of Armenia (885–1045) * Rubenid Dynasty of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (1080–1225) * House of Lusignan , the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (1342–1467)

Belgium

* House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1831–present)

Bosnia

* House of Boričević (1154–1163) * House of Kulinić (1163–1250) * House of Kotromanić (1250–1463) * House of Berislavić (1463–1527)

Bulgaria

* House of Dulo (632–753)

* Krum\'s dynasty (777–976/997) * Cometopuli dynasty (976/997–1018)

* House of Asen (1187–1280) * House of Terter (1280–1331) * House of Sratsimir (1331–1422) * Battenberg family (1878–1886) * House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1886–1947)

Barbarians

Bavarii

* Agilolfing dynasty

Franks

* Merovingian dynasty (481–751) * Carolingian dynasty (751–843) * Arnulfings or Pippinids , mayors of the palaces . Ancestors of the Carolingians.

Huns

This is a list of rulers of the Huns . PERIOD RULER

* Vund c. 360 * Balamber 360–378 * Baltazár (Alypbi) 378–390 * Uldin (Khan of the Western Huns) 390–410 * Donatus (Khan of the Eastern Black Sea Huns ">

* ^ _A_ _B_ _Oxford English Dictionary_, 1st ed. "dynasty, _n._" Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897. * ^ _Oxford English Dictionary_, 3rd ed. "house, _n.¹_ and _int_, 10. b." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2011. * ^ Thomson, David (1961). "The Institutions of Monarchy". _Europe Since Napoleon_. New York: Knopf. pp. 79–80. The basic idea of monarchy was the idea that hereditary right gave the best title to political power...The dangers of disputed succession were best avoided by hereditary succession: ruling families had a natural interest in passing on to their descendants enhanced power and prestige...Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, Maria Theresa of Austria, were alike infatuated with the idea of strengthening their power, centralizing government in their own hands as against local and feudal privileges, and so acquiring more absolute authority in the state. Moreover, the very dynastic rivalries and conflicts between these eighteenth-century monarchs drove them to look for ever more efficient methods of government * ^ Liddell, Henry George & al. _A Greek–English Lexicon_: "δυναστεία". Hosted by Tufts University's Perseus Project. * ^ Liddell & al. _A Greek–English Lexicon_: "δυνάστης". * ^ Liddell & al. _A Greek–English Lexicon_: "δύναμις". * ^ Liddell & al. "δύναμαι". * ^ _A_ _B_ Statement by Nick Clegg MP, UK parliament website, 26 March 2015 (retrieved on same date). * ^ "Monaco royal taken seriously ill". _ BBC News _. London. 8 April 2005. Retrieved January 27, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _The Times Atlas of World History_ (second/third edition), ISBN, 0-7230-0304-1 * ^ http://www.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/html/en/History1766bye3553.html. Missing or empty title= (help )

* v * t * e

Royal houses of Europe

NORDIC COUNTRIES

DENMARK

* Knýtlinga * Fairhair * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

FINLAND

* Bjelbo * Mecklenburg * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Vasa * Palatinate-Zweibrücken * Hesse * Holstein-Gottorp * Romanov

NORWAY

* Fairhair * Knýtlinga * Hardrada * Gille * Sverre * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Holstein-Gottorp * Bernadotte * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

SWEDEN

* Munsö * Stenkil * Sverker * Eric * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Mecklenburg * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Vasa * Palatinate-Zweibrücken * Hesse-Kassel * Holstein-Gottorp * Bernadotte

ICELAND

* Fairhair * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

BRITAIN AND IRELAND

ENGLAND

* Mercia * Wuffing * Kent * Sussex * Essex * Bernicia * Deira * Northumbria * Uí Ímair * Wessex * Knýtlinga * Normandy * Angevin * Plantagenet * Lancaster * York * Tudor

SCOTLAND

* Fergus * Óengus * Strathclyde * Mann and the Isles * Alpin * Northumbria * Bernicia * Uí Ímair * Galloway * Dunkeld * Sverre * Balliol * Bruce * Stuart

WALES

* Dinefwr * Aberffraw * Gwynedd * Mathrafal * Cunedda

IRELAND

* Ulaid * Dál Riata * Érainn * Corcu Loígde * Laigin * Connachta * Uí Néill * Ó Gallchobhair * Ó Domhnail * Ó Néill * Ó Máel Sechlainn * Mac Murchada * Ó Briain * Mac Lochlainn * Ó Conchobhair

GAELIC IRELAND

* Laigin * Síl Conairi * Ulaid * Dáirine * Osraige * Cruthin * Dál nAraidi * Connachta * Uí Fiachrach * Uí Briúin * Uí Néill * Síl nÁedo Sláine * Clann Cholmáin * Eóganachta * Chaisil * Glendamnach * Raithlind * Uí Dúnlainge * Uí Ímair (Norse) * Uí Ceinnselaig * Dál gCais * Ó Briain * Mac Carthaig * Ó Conchobhair * Ó Ruairc * De Burgh (Norman) * FitzGerald (Norman) * Ó Domhnaill * Ó Néill

GREAT BRITAIN

* Stuart * Orange-Nassau * Hanover * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * Windsor

EASTERN EUROPE

ALBANIA

* Angevin * Progon * Arianiti * Thopia * Kastrioti * Dukagjini * Wied * Zogu * Ottoman * _Savoy _

ARMENIA 2

* Orontid * Artaxiad * Arsacid * Bagratid * Artsruni * Rubenids * Hethumids * Lusignan * Savoy

BOSNIA

* Boričević * Kulinić * Kotromanić * Kosača * Ottoman * Habsburg-Lorraine

BULGARIA

* Dulo * Krum * Cometopuli * Asen * Smilets * Terter * Shishman * Sratsimir * Battenberg * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

CROATIA

* Trpimirović * Domagojević * Svačić * Ottoman * Luxembourg * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine * Bonaparte * _Savoy (disputed)_

CYPRUS 2

* Plantagenet * Lusignan * Ottoman * Savoy

GEORGIA 1

* Pharnavazid * Artaxiad * Arsacid * Chosroid * Bagrationi

GREECE

* Argead * Macedonian * Doukas * Komnenos * Angelos * Laskaris * Palaiologos * Ottoman * Wittelsbach * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

LITHUANIA

* Mindaugas * Gediminids * Jagiellon * Valois * Báthory * Vasa * Wiśniowiecki * Sobieski * Wettin * Leszczyński * Poniatowski * Holstein-Gottorp- Romanov

MOLDAVIA

* Dragoș (Drăgoșești) * Rossetti * Bogdan-Muşat * Movilești * Drăculeşti * Ghica * Cantacuzene * Cantemirești * Racoviță * Mavrocordato * Ypsilantis * Soutzos * Mourousi * Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Basarab

MONTENEGRO

* Vojislavljević * Balšić * Crnojević * Petrović-Njegoš

ROMANIA

* House of Basarab * Rossetti * Bogdan-Mușat * Movilești * Drăculești * Ghica * Cantacuzene * Cantemirești * Romanov * Racoviță * Mavrocordato * Ypsilantis * Soutzos * Mourousi * Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Romania / Royal family

RUSSIA 1

* Rurik * Borjigin * Godunov * Shuysky * Vasa * Romanov

SERBIA

* Vlastimirović * Vukanović * Nemanjić * Lazarević * Mrnjavčević * Dejanović * Branković * Ottoman * Obrenović * Karađorđević

TURKEY 1

* Ottoman

UKRAINE

* Rurikids * Piast * Gediminids * Olshanski * Olelkovich * Giray * Romanov * Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country . 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.

WESTERN EUROPE

BELGIUM

* Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

FRANCE

* Merovingian * Carolingian * Capet * Valois * Bourbon * Bonaparte * Orléans

ITALY

* Bonaparte * Bourbon-Parma * Bourbon-Two Sicilies * Carolingian * Colonna * Della Rovere * Este * Farnese * Flavian * Gonzaga * Grimaldi * Habsburg * Julio-Claudian * Malatesta * Medici * Montefeltro * Nerva–Antonine * Ordelaffi * Orsini * Palaiologos * Pallavicini * Savoy * Severan * Sforza * Visconti

LUXEMBOURG

* Orange-Nassau * Nassau-Weilburg * Bourbon-Parma

MONACO

* Grimaldi

NETHERLANDS

* Bonaparte * Orange-Nassau * (Mecklenburg ) * (Lippe )

PORTUGAL

* Vímara Peres * Borgonha * Aviz * Habsburgo

* Braganza

* Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

SPAIN

* Asturias * Barcelona * Jiménez * Burgundy * Champagne * Capet * Évreux * Trastámara * Habsburg

* Bourbon

* Bonaparte * Savoy

CENTRAL EUROPE

AUSTRIA

* Babenberg * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

BOHEMIA

* Přemyslid * Piast * Luxembourg * Jagiellon * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

GERMANY

* Ascania * Carolingian * Conradines * Ottonian * Luitpolding * Salian * Süpplingenburg * Hohenstaufen * Welf * Habsburg * Hanover * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * Nassau * Luxembourg * Wittelsbach * Schwarzburg * Brunswick-Lüneburg * House of Pomerania * Hohenzollern * Württemberg * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg * Orange-Nassau * Nassau-Weilburg * Mecklenburg * Vasa * Palatine Zweibrücken * Hesse * Holstein-Gottorp * Romanov * Bonaparte * Wettin * Lippe * Zähringen

HUNGARY

* Árpád * Přemyslid * Wittelsbach * Angevin * Luxembourg * Hunyadi * Jagiellon * Szapolyai * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

LIECHTENSTEIN

* Liechtenstein

POLAND

* Piast * Přemyslid * Samborides * Griffins * Jagiellon * Valois * Báthory * Vasa * Wiśniowiecki * Sobieski * Wettin * Leszczyński

* Poniatowski

After partitions:

* Holstein-Gottorp- Romanov Kingdom of Poland * Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria * Wettin Duchy of Warsaw * Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk * Hohenzollern Duchy of Poznań

* v * t * e

European royal families

REIGNING

* Belgium * Denmark * Liechtenstein * Luxembourg * Monaco * Netherlands * Norway * Spain * Sweden * United Kingdom

NON REIGNING

* Albania * Austria-Hungary * Bulgaria * Cyprus * France * Georgia * Germany * Greece * Hanover * Italy * Lithuania * Montenegro * Portugal * Romania * Russia * Serbia

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