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A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase"). Until the 19th century, it was taken for granted that a legitimate function of a monarch was to aggrandize his dynasty: that is, to increase the territory, wealth, and power of his family members.[3] The longest-surviving dynasty in the world is the Imperial House of Japan, the Yamato dynasty, whose reign is traditionally dated to 660 BC. Prior to the 20th century, dynasties throughout the world have traditionally been reckoned patrilineally, such as under the Frankish Salic law. In nations where it was permitted, succession through a daughter usually established a new dynasty in her husband's ruling house. This has changed in some places in Europe, where succession law and convention have maintained dynasties de jure through a female. For example, the House of Windsor is maintained through the children of Queen Elizabeth II, similarly with the monarchy of the Netherlands, whose dynasty remained the House of Orange-Nassau through three successive queens regnant. The earliest such example among the major European monarchies was in Russia in the 18th century, where the name of the House of Romanov was maintained through a non-ruling female. In South Africa's Limpopo Province, Balobedu determined descent matrilineally, while rulers have at other times adopted the name of their mother's dynasty when coming into her inheritance. Less frequently, a monarchy has alternated or been rotated, in a multidynastic (or polydynastic) system – that is, the most senior living members of parallel dynasties, at any point in time, constitute the line of succession. The word "dynasty" is sometimes used informally for people who are not rulers but are, for example, members of a family with influence and power in other areas, such as a series of successive owners of a major company. It is also extended to unrelated people, such as major poets of the same school or various rosters of a single sports team.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Dynasts 3 Dynasties by region

3.1 Africa

3.1.1 Chad 3.1.2 Egypt 3.1.3 Ethiopia 3.1.4 Guinea 3.1.5 Madagascar 3.1.6 Morocco 3.1.7 Nigeria 3.1.8 Senegal and Gambia (Senegambia)

3.1.8.1 Senegambian

3.1.9 Somalia 3.1.10 South Africa 3.1.11 Sudan and South Sudan (The Sudan) 3.1.12 Swaziland

3.2 Asia

3.2.1 Afghanistan 3.2.2 Bhutan 3.2.3 Cambodia 3.2.4 China 3.2.5 Central Asia 3.2.6 Middle East 3.2.7 India 3.2.8 Iran (Persia) 3.2.9 Israel

3.2.9.1 Kingdom of Jerusalem

3.2.10 Indonesia 3.2.11 Japan 3.2.12 Korea 3.2.13 Kuwait 3.2.14 Malaysia 3.2.15 Mongolia 3.2.16 Myanmar 3.2.17 Nepal 3.2.18 Philippines 3.2.19 Ryūkyū 3.2.20 Sri Lanka

3.2.20.1 Anuradhapura 3.2.20.2 Polonnaruwa 3.2.20.3 Jaffna 3.2.20.4 Kandy 3.2.20.5 British Ceylon

3.2.21 Saudi Arabia 3.2.22 Tibet 3.2.23 Thailand 3.2.24 United Arab Emirates 3.2.25 Vietnam

3.2.25.1 Champa

3.3 Europe

3.3.1 Austria 3.3.2 Albania 3.3.3 Armenia 3.3.4 Belgium 3.3.5 Bohemia/Czechia

3.3.5.1 Great Moravia 3.3.5.2 Duchy of Bohemia 3.3.5.3 Kingdom of Bohemia

3.3.6 Bosnia 3.3.7 Bulgaria 3.3.8 Barbarians

3.3.8.1 Bavarii 3.3.8.2 Franks 3.3.8.3 Huns 3.3.8.4 Scirii 3.3.8.5 Avars 3.3.8.6 Lombards 3.3.8.7 Ostrogoths 3.3.8.8 Suebi 3.3.8.9 Vandals 3.3.8.10 Visigoths

3.3.9 Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) 3.3.10 Croatia 3.3.11 Cyprus 3.3.12 Denmark 3.3.13 France 3.3.14 Georgia 3.3.15 Germany

3.3.15.1 Bavaria 3.3.15.2 Saxony

3.3.16 Greece 3.3.17 Hungary 3.3.18 Monaco 3.3.19 Montenegro 3.3.20 Ireland 3.3.21 Italy 3.3.22 Netherlands 3.3.23 Norway 3.3.24 Poland 3.3.25 Portugal

3.3.25.1 County of Portugal 3.3.25.2 Kingdom of Portugal

3.3.26 Western Roman Empire 3.3.27 Romania

3.3.27.1 Before the Unification 3.3.27.2 Moldavia 3.3.27.3 Wallachia 3.3.27.4 After the Unification

3.3.28 Russia 3.3.29 Serbia 3.3.30 Spain

3.3.30.1 Before the Unification 3.3.30.2 Aragon 3.3.30.3 Asturias 3.3.30.4 Barcelona 3.3.30.5 Castile 3.3.30.6 León 3.3.30.7 Navarre 3.3.30.8 After the Unification (1516)

3.3.31 Sweden 3.3.32 Turkey 3.3.33 Two Sicilies

3.3.33.1 Sicily

3.3.34 British Isles

3.3.34.1 England 3.3.34.2 Wales 3.3.34.3 Ireland 3.3.34.4 Scotland 3.3.34.5 Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603–1707) 3.3.34.6 Personal union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1801) 3.3.34.7 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1921) 3.3.34.8 Personal union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921–1949) 3.3.34.9 UK [of GB and NI] (without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–present)

3.4 North America

3.4.1 Mexico

3.5 Central America

3.5.1 Maya States

3.6 South America

3.6.1 Peru 3.6.2 Brazil 3.6.3 Chile

3.7 Caribbean

3.7.1 Haiti

3.8 Oceania

3.8.1 Hawaii 3.8.2 New Zealand Māori 3.8.3 Tahiti 3.8.4 Tonga

4 Political families in Republics 5 Influential/wealthy families 6 See also 7 References

Etymology[edit] The word "dynasty" derives from Latin dynastia, which comes from Greek dynastéia (δυναστεία), where it referred to "power", "dominion", and "rule" itself.[4] It was the abstract noun of dynástēs (δυνάστης),[5] the agent noun of dynamis (δύναμις), "power" or "ability",[6] from dýnamai (δύναμαι), "to be able".[7] Dynasts[edit] A ruler in a dynasty is sometimes referred to as a "dynast", but this term is also used to describe any member of a reigning family who retains a right to succeed to a throne. For example, following his abdication, Edward VIII of the United Kingdom ceased to be a dynastic member of the House of Windsor. A "dynastic marriage" is one that complies with monarchical house law restrictions, so that the descendants are eligible to inherit the throne or other royal privileges. The marriage of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, to Máxima Zorreguieta in 2002 was dynastic, for example, and their eldest child is expected to inherit the Dutch crown eventually. But the marriage of his younger brother Prince Friso to Mabel Wisse Smit in 2003 lacked government support and parliamentary approval. Thus Friso forfeited his place in the order of succession, lost his title as a Prince of the Netherlands, and left his children without dynastic rights. In historical and monarchist references to formerly reigning families, a "dynast" is a family member who would have had succession rights, were the monarchy's rules still in force. For example, after the 1914 assassinations of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie von Hohenberg, their son Max was bypassed for the Austrian throne because he was not a Habsburg dynast. Even since abolition of the Austrian monarchy, Max and his descendants have not been considered the rightful pretenders by Austrian monarchists, nor have they claimed that position. The term "dynast" is sometimes used only to refer to agnatic descendants of a realm's monarchs, and sometimes to include those who hold succession rights through cognatic royal descent. The term can therefore describe overlapping but distinct sets of people. For example, David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon, a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II through her sister, Princess Margaret, is in the line of succession to the British crown: in that sense he is a British dynast. Yet he is not a male-line member of the royal family, and is therefore not a dynast of the House of Windsor. On the other hand, the German aristocrat Ernst August, Prince of Hanover (born 1954), a male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom, possesses no legal British name, titles or styles (although he is entitled to re-claim the once-royal dukedom of Cumberland), was born in the line of succession to the British crown and was bound by Britain's Royal Marriages Act 1772 until it was repealed when the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 took effect on 26 March 2015.[8] Thus, in 1999 he requested and obtained formal permission from Elizabeth II to marry the Roman Catholic Princess Caroline of Monaco. Yet a clause of the English Act of Settlement 1701 remained in effect at that time, stipulating that dynasts who marry Roman Catholics are considered "dead" for the purpose of succession to the throne.[9] That exclusion, too, ceased to apply on 26 March 2015, with retroactive effect for those who had been dynasts prior to triggering it by marriage to a Catholic.[8] Dynasties by region[edit] Africa[edit] Chad[edit]

Duguwa dynasty (c. 700 – c. 1075) Sayfawa dynasty (c. 1075–1846)

Egypt[edit]

1st dynasty (c. 3050–2890 BC) 2nd dynasty (2890–2686 BC) 3rd dynasty (2686–2613 BC) 4th dynasty (2613–2498 BC) 5th dynasty (2498–2345 BC) 6th dynasty (2345–2181 BC) 7th and 8th dynasties (2181–2160 BC) 9th dynasty (2160–2130 BC) 10th dynasty (2130–2040 BC) 11th dynasty (2134–1991 BC) 12th dynasty (1991–1803 BC) 13th dynasty (1803–1649 BC) 14th dynasty (1705–1690 BC) 15th dynasty (1674–1535 BC) 16th dynasty (1660–1600 BC) 17th dynasty (1650–1549 BC) 18th dynasty (1549–1292 BC) 19th dynasty (1292–1186 BC) 20th dynasty (1186–1069 BC) 21st dynasty (1069–945 BC) 22nd dynasty (945–720 BC) 23rd dynasty (837–728 BC) 24th dynasty (732–720 BC) 25th dynasty (732–653 BC) 26th dynasty (672–525 BC) Achaemenid dynasty (525–404 BC) 28th dynasty (404–398 BC) 29th dynasty (398–380 BC) 30th dynasty (380–343 BC) Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) Argead dynasty (332–309 BC) Ptolemaic Dynasty (305–30 BC) Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC – 68 AD) Flavian Dynasty (69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96–192) Severan Dynasty (193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty (518–602) Sassanian dynasty (224-651 AD) Heraclian Dynasty (602–695 and 705–711) Muhammad Ali Dynasty (1805–1953)

Ethiopia[edit]

Kingdom of Aksum (c. 100 AD – c. 940 AD) Zagwe dynasty (c. 900–1270) Walashma dynasty Solomonic dynasty (1270–1974) Mudaito Dynasty (1734–1971)

Guinea[edit]

Keita dynasty (c. 1200–1670)

Madagascar[edit]

Merina Dynasty (c. 1500–1897)

Morocco[edit]

Idrisid dynasty (789–974) Almoravid dynasty (1060–1147) Almohad dynasty (1147–1258) Marinid dynasty (1258–1465) Wattasid dynasty (1471–1554) Saadi dynasty (1554–1659) Alaouite dynasty (1666–present)

Nigeria[edit]

Eri dynasty of the Igbo and Igala peoples Ibn Fodio dynasty of Sokoto and Gwandu Jaja dynasty of Opobu Modibo Adama dynasty of Adamawa el-Kanemi dynasty of Bornu Ooduan dynasty of Ife, Egba, Ketu, Sabe, Oyo, Ijero and the Ilas

Asodeboyede dynasty of Akure (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Ologun Kutere dynasty of Lagos (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Eweka dynasty of Benin (a cadet branch of the Ooduan dynasty)

Sayfawa dynasty of Bornu

Senegal and Gambia (Senegambia)[edit] Senegambian[edit]

Lamanic period

Joof Dynasty

Wagadou (princesses from the Kingdom of Wagadou, later Ghana Empire married into the Serer nobility) (c. 11th century or sooner-1350)

Guelowar Dynasty (1350–1969)

Joos (1367–1855), founded by Lingeer Ndoye Demba

Somalia[edit]

Muzaffar Dynasty Gareen Dynasty Walashma Dynasty Gobroon Dynasty Warsangali Dynasty Hobyo Dynasty Majeerteen Dynasty Murusade Dynasty

South Africa[edit]

Zulu Royal Family Rain Queen dynasty Transkeian dynasty of the Thembus (which counted Nelson Mandela as a ranking member)

Sudan and South Sudan (The Sudan)[edit]

House of al-Mahdi (1845 to 1945)

Swaziland[edit]

House of Dlamini

Asia[edit] Afghanistan[edit]

Durrani Dynasty (1747–1823 and 1839–1842) Barakzai Dynasty (1818–1839, 1842–1929 and 1929–1973) Usurper King (17 January 1929 – 13 October 1929)

Bhutan[edit]

House of Wangchuck (1907–present)

Cambodia[edit]

Varman Dynasty (13th century–present)

House of Norodom (1860–present) House of Sisowath (1904–present)

China[edit] Main article: Dynasties in Chinese history

Five Emperors (2852–2205 BC, legendary) Xia dynasty (2070–1600 BC) Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC) Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC) Warring States period (445–221 BC) (Several of the dynasties in the Warring States were descended from the Zhou royal family)[10]

State of Qin State of Qi State of Chu State of Yan State of Han State of Zhao State of Wei State of Jin – Same royal family as Zhou dynasty State of Song (part of warring states) – The rulers of the state of Song were descendants of the Shang royal family.[10] State of Yue (part of warring states) – The kings of Yue claimed descent from the royal family of the Xia dynasty.[11] State of Wu – Same royal family as Zhou dynasty State of Ba (barbarian state, non sinicized)

Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) (The royal family of Qin ruled the State of Qin during warring states) (They also claimed descent from one of the Five emperors, Zhuanxu) Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD)

Minyue – same royal family as state of yueh – they fled when conquered by Chu and established Minyue, Min yue coexisted with the Warring states period, Qin, and Han dynasty until han conquered it. Nanyue (Southern Yue) – founded by Qin general Zhao Tuo. Xin dynasty (9 AD – 23 AD) – Xin dynasty interrupted the Han dynasty, splitting it into east and west periods

Three Kingdoms (220–265 AD) (The emperor of Shu was a descendant of the Han dynasty royal family)

Cao Wei (220–265 AD) Shu Han (221–263 AD) Eastern Wu (229–280 AD)

Jin dynasty (265–420 AD) Sixteen Kingdoms (304–439 AD) Southern and Northern Dynasties (420–589 AD)

Liu Song dynasty (420–479 AD) Southern Qi (479–502 AD) Liang dynasty (502–557 AD) Chen dynasty (557–589 AD) Northern Wei (controlled northern China to the Huai river) (386–534 AD) Eastern Wei (534–550 AD) Western Wei (535–557 AD) Northern Qi (550–577 AD) Northern Zhou (557–581 AD)

Sui dynasty (581–618 AD) Tang dynasty (618–907 AD) (The Tang Emperors were members of the Li family, descended from a ruler in the Southern and Northern Dynasties)

Second Zhou dynasty (690–705 AD) Interrupted Tang dynasty

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–960 AD)

Later Liang (907–923 AD) Later Tang (923–936 AD) Later Jin (936–946 AD) Later Han (947–950 AD) Later Zhou (951–960 AD) Former Shu (907–925 AD) Wu (907–937 AD) Wuyue (907–978 AD) Chu (907–951 AD) Southern Han (917–971 AD) Min (909–945 AD) Jingnan (924–963 AD) Later Shu (934–965 AD) Southern Tang (937–975 AD) Northern Han (951–979 AD)

Liao dynasty (Khitan) (916–1125 AD) (controlled the 16 prefectures) Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) Western Xia (1038–1227) Jin dynasty (Jurchen) (controlled northern China to the Huai river) (1115–1234) Yuan dynasty (Mongol) (1271–1368) Ming dynasty (1368–1644) Shun dynasty (1644) Qing dynasty (Manchu) (1644–1912)

Kingdom of Tungning (Taiwan, with Han Chinese rulers) (1662–1683)

Empire of China (1915–1916)

Central Asia[edit]

Tamerlane Timurid Ghaznavid Empire Ghurid Empire Ottoman Empire Seljuk Empire Durrani dynasty Chagatai Khanate Moghulistan Hotak dynasty Sur dynasty Mamluk dynasty Khalji dynasty Khwarazmian dynasty Samanid dynasty

Middle East[edit]

Sargonid dynasty Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate Tulunids Mamelukes Fatimid dynasty Ottoman Sultanate Uyunid dynasty

India[edit]

Brihadratha dynasty (1760–831 BC) Pradyota dynasty (832–667 BC) Haryanka dynasty (667–412 BC) Shishunaga dynasty (413–345 BC) Nanda dynasty (345–321 BC) Maurya dynasty (322–185 BC) Shunga dynasty (185–73 BC) Kanva dynasty (75–26 BC) Satavahana dynasty (230 BC – 220 AD) Chera dynasty (300 BC – 1200 AD) Chola dynasty (278 BC – 1279 AD) Pandya dynasty (300 BC – 1345 AD) Pallava dynasty (250 BC – 800 AD) Kushāṇa dynasty (60–240 AD) Vakataka dynasty (250–500) Gupta dynasty (280–550) Kadamba dynasty (345–525) Western Ganga dynasty (350–1000) Vishnukundina dynasty (420–624) Harsha dynasty (606–647) Shahi dynasty (6th to 12th century) Chalukya dynasty (6th to 12th century) Rajput dynasties (7th to 20th century) Pratihara dynasty (650–1036) Pala dynasty (750–1174) Rashtrakuta dynasty (753–982) Paramara dynasty (800–1327) Yadava dynasty (850–1334) Chaulukya dynasty (942–1244) Hoysala dynasty (1040–1346) Sena dynasty (1070–1230) Eastern Ganga dynasty (1078–1434) Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) Travancore dynasty (1102–1949) Ahom dynasty (1228–1826) Sultanate dynasties (1206–1526) Vijayanagara dynasty (1336–1646) Mughal dynasty (1526–1857) Maratha dynasty (1674–1818) Wadiyar dynasty (1399–1947)

Iran (Persia)[edit]

Median dynasty Achaemenid dynasty Parthian dynasty Sasanian dynasty Dabuyid dynasty Bavand dynasty Paduspanid dynasty Ziyarid dynasty Saffarid dynasty Samanid dynasty Ghaznavid dynasty Buyid dynasty Kakuyid dynasty Ghurid dynasty Seljuq dynasty Khwarazmian dynasty Ilkhanate dynasty Jalayrid dynasty Sarbadar dynasty Chobanid dynasty Muzaffarid dynasty Timurid dynasty Safavid dynasty Hotaki dynasty Afsharid dynasty Zand dynasty Qajar dynasty Pahlavi dynasty

Israel[edit]

Davidic Dynasty Omride Dynasty Hasmonean Dynasty Achaemenid dynasty (343–332 BC) Argead dynasty (332–309 BC) Ptolemaic Dynasty (305–30 BC) Herodian Dynasty Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC – AD 68) Flavian Dynasty (69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96–192) Severan Dynasty (193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty (518–602) Heraclian Dynasty (602–695 and 705–711)

Kingdom of Jerusalem[edit]

House of Boulogne (1099–1118) House of Rethel (1118–1153) House of Anjou (1153–1205) Houses of Aleramici and Brienne (1205–1228) House of Hohenstaufen (1228–1268) House of Lusignan (1186–1192)(1268–1485)

Indonesia[edit]

Sailendra dynasty, Medang kingdom and Srivijaya empire Sanjaya dynasty, Medang kingdom (Central Java period) Isyana dynasty, Medang kingdom (East Java period), Kahuripan kingdom, Janggala and Kediri kingdom Mauli dynasty, Dharmasraya and Pagaruyung kingdoms Rajasa dynasty, Singhasari kingdom (1222–1292) and Majapahit empire (1293 – ca. 1500) Four successor dynasties to Sultanate of Mataram : Pakubuwono, Hamengkubuwono, Paku Alaman, and Mangkunegaran (18th century – present)

Japan[edit]

Yamato dynasty, Imperial house of Japan (660 BC (legendary) – present, with power fluctuating between absolute ruler to ceremonial figurehead to constitutional monarch)

Korea[edit]

Gojoseon (2333 BC (legendary) – 108 BC)

Wiman Joseon (194 BC – 108 BC)

Three Kingdoms of Korea (57 BC – 668 AD)

Silla (57 BC – 935 AD) Goguryeo (37 BC – 668 AD) Baekje (18 BC – 660 AD)

North-South States (698–892 AD)

Unified Silla (668–892 AD) Balhae (698–926 AD)

Later Three Kingdoms (892–936 AD)

Silla (57 BC – 935 AD) Taebong (901–918 AD) Later Baekje (892–936 AD)

Goryeo dynasty (918–1392 AD) Joseon dynasty (1392–1897) – Korean Empire (1897–1910)

Kuwait[edit]

House of Sabah (1718 – present)

Malaysia[edit]

Langkasuka dynasty / Perlis (2nd century – present) Kedah Tua/Kataha dynasty – Sultanate of Kedah (5th century – present) Gangga Negara dynasty (9th century) Malacca Malay sultanate (1400–1511) Johor Malay sultanate (1528–1699) Johor Malay Sultanate (Temenggong monarchy (1699–present) Perak Malay Sultanate (1528–present)

Mongolia[edit]

Borjigin dynasty of the Mongol Empire (1206–1368)

Yuan dynasty (1271–1368) Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1635)

Aisin Gioro dynasty (Manchu) (1644–1912)

Myanmar[edit]

Pyu dynasty (c. 3000 BC – c. 400 AD) Sarekhitara dynasty (c. 400 – 1044) Bagan dynasty (1044–1287) Pinya dynasty (1287–1365) Innwa dynasty (1365–1486) Toungoo dynasty (1486–1752) Nyaung Yan dynasty (1752–1824) Konbaung dynasty (1824–1885)

Nepal[edit]

Lichchhavi Dynasty(400–750) Malla Dynasty(1201–1769) Shah dynasty (1768–2008) Thapa dynasty (1806–1837 & 1843–1845)1 Rana dynasty (1846–1951)1

^ Not truly dynasty but did hold reputation of dynasty, they ruled under Shah Dynasty.

Philippines[edit] Royal families

Malay Dynasties

The Datu Puti Lineage (Ruled the defunct Confederation of Madya-as) (13th century – 1565)

Hindu dynasties

The Lakandula Dynasty (Ruled the defunct Kingdom of Tondo) (1150–1589) The House of Tupas (Ruled the defunct Rajahnate of Cebu) (up to 1565) The House of Sri Bata Shaja (Ruled the defunct Rajahnate of Butuan) (989–1586)

Muslim dynasties

The Ud-Din Royal Hashemite Family (A dynasty which ruled the Maguinadanao Sultanate) (1480–1830) The Kiram Royal Hashemite Family (Rules the Sulu Sultanate) (1823 – present) The Sultan Diagaborola Balindong Bsar Lineage (Ruled the Lanao Confederation of sultanates in Lanao)

Ryūkyū[edit]

Shunten Dynasty (1187–1259) Eiso dynasty (1260–1349) Hokuzan (1314–1419) Chuzan (1314–1429) Nanzan (1314–1429) First Shō Dynasty (1406–1469) Second Shō Dynasty (1469–1879)

Sri Lanka[edit] Anuradhapura[edit]

House of Vijaya (543 BC-66 AD) House of Lambakanna I (66–436) House of Moriya (463–691) House of Lambakanna II (691–1017) Chola dynasty (993–1077)

Polonnaruwa[edit]

House of Vijayabahu (1056–1187, 1197–1200, 1209–1210, 1211–1212) House of Kalinga (1187–1197, 1200–1209)

Jaffna[edit]

Aryacakravarti dynasty (1215–1619)

Kandy[edit]

House of Dinajara (1590–1739) Nayaks of Kandy (1739–1815)

British Ceylon[edit]

House of Hanover (1815–1901) House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1901–1917) House of Windsor (1917–1972)

Saudi Arabia[edit]

House of Saud (1744–present)

Tibet[edit]

Pre-imperial and imperial Yarlung Dynasty (up to 842) Yuan dynasty (Mongol, c. 1270–1354; locally ruled by Sakya lamas and dpon-chens) Phagmodrupa Dynasty (1354–1642) Rinpungpa Dynasty (1435–1565) Tsangpa Dynasty (1565–1642) Ganden Phodrang (1642–1959; locally ruled by Dalai Lamas but under Mongol or Chinese overlordship during most of the period) Khoshut Khanate (Mongol, 1642–1717) Qing dynasty (Manchu, 1720–1912)

Thailand[edit]

Lavachakkaraj dynasty (638–1292) Phra Ruang dynasty (1238–1438) Mangrai dynasty (1296–1558) Uthong dynasty (1350–1370), (1388–1409) Suphannaphum dynasty (1370–1388), (1409–1569) Sukhothai dynasty (1569–1629) Prasart Thong dynasty (1629–1688) Baan Plu Luang dynasty (1688–1767) Tipchakratiwong dynasty (Seven princes dynasty) (Lanna Kingdom) (1732–1932) Thonburi dynasty (1767–1782) Chakri dynasty (1782 onwards)

United Arab Emirates[edit]

House of Al-Falasi (1833–present) Al Nahyan family (1761–present) Al Qasimi Al Nuaim Al Sharqi

Vietnam[edit]

Hồng Bàng Dynasty (2879–258 BC)

Càn line (2879–2794 BC) Khảm line (2793–2525 BC) Cấn line (2524–2253 BC) Chấn line (2254–1913 BC) Tốn line (1912–1713 BC) Ly line (1712–1632 BC) Khôn line (1631–1432 BC) Đoài line (1431–1332 BC) Giáp line (1331–1252 BC) Ất line (1251–1162 BC) Bính line (1161–1055 BC) Đinh line (1054–969 BC) Mậu line (968–854 BC) Kỷ line (853–755 BC) Canh line (754–661 BC) Tân line (660–569 BC) Nhâm line (568–409 BC) Qúy line (408–258 BC)

Thục Dynasty (257–207 BC) Triệu Dynasty (207–111 BC) Han Dynasty (Chinese) (111 BC – 39 AD and 43–220) Trưng Sisters (40–43) Eastern Wu Dynasty (Chinese) (229–265 and 271–280) Jin Dynasty (Chinese) (265–271 and 280–420) Liu Song Dynasty (Chinese) (420–479) Southern Qi Dynasty (Chinese) (479–502) Liang Dynasty (Chinese) (502–544) Early Lý Dynasty (544–602) Sui Dynasty (Chinese) (602–618) Tang Dynasty (Chinese) (618–905) Khúc Family (905–930) Ngô Dynasty (939–967) Đinh Dynasty (968–980) Early Lê Dynasty (980–1009) Later Lý Dynasty (1009–1225) Trần Dynasty (1225–1400) Hồ Dynasty (1400–1407) Later Trần Dynasty (1407–1413) Ming Dynasty (Chinese) (1414–1427) Later Lê Dynasty (1428–1527 and 1533–1788) Mạc Dynasty (1527–1677) Trịnh Lords (1545–1787) Nguyễn Lords (1558–1777) Tây Sơn Dynasty (1778–1802) Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945)

Champa[edit]

1st dynasty (192–336) 2nd dynasty (336–420) 3rd dynasty (420–529) 4th dynasty (529–758) 5th dynasty (758–854) 6th dynasty (854–989) 7th dynasty (989–1044) 8th dynasty (1044–1074) 9th dynasty (1074–1139) 10th dynasty (1139–1145) 11th dynasty (1145–1190) 12th dynasty (1190–1318) 13th dynasty (1318–1390) 14th dynasty (1390–1458) 15th dynasty (1458–1471) vacant (1471–1695) Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

Europe[edit] Austria[edit]

House of Babenberg (976–1246) House of Habsburg (1273–1780) House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1780–1918)

Albania[edit]

Progon Dynasty (1190–1216) Capetian House of Anjou (1272–1368) Kastrioti (1444–1468) Wied (1914) Zogu (1928–1939)

Armenia[edit]

Orontid Dynasty Artaxiad Dynasty or the Artashesi Dynasty (189 BC-12 AD) Arsacid Dynasty or the Arshakuni Dynasty (54–428) Bagratuni Dynasty or the Bagratid Dynasty of Armenia (885–1045) Rubenid Dynasty of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (1080–1225) House of Lusignan, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (1342–1467)

Belgium[edit]

House of Flanders (rulers of various entities in the Southern Netherlands and Crusader states 863–1280) House of Reginar (rulers of various entities in the Southern Netherlands c. 770–1406) House of Burgundy (1384–1482) House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1831–present)

Bohemia/Czechia[edit] See also: List of Czech monarchs and Czech lands Great Moravia[edit]

Moymirid dynasty (c.830–906?)

Duchy of Bohemia[edit]

Přemyslid dynasty (c. 870–1198)

Kingdom of Bohemia[edit]

Přemyslid dynasty (1085–1092, 1158–1172, 1198–1306; heredity of the royal title established in 1212) House of Gorizia (1306, 1307–1310) House of Habsburg (1306–1307, 1437–1439, 1453–1457, 1526–1780) House of Luxembourg (1310–1437; Lands of the Bohemian Crown established in 1348) House of Poděbrady (1457–1471) House of Hunyadi (1469–1490; in opposition to the House of Poděbrady and from 1471 to the House of Jagiellon; never crowned) House of Jagiellon (1471–1526) House of Wittelsbach (1619–1620, 1741–1743; in opposition to the House of Habsburg) House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1780–1918)

Bosnia[edit]

House of Boričević (1154–1163) House of Kulinić (1163–1250) House of Kotromanić (1250–1463) House of Berislavić (1463–1527)

Bulgaria[edit]

House of Dulo (632–753)

Krum's dynasty (777–976/997) Cometopuli dynasty (976/997–1018)

House of Asen (1187–1280) House of Terter (1280–1331) House of Sratsimir (1331–1422) Battenberg family (1878–1886) House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1886–1947)

Barbarians[edit] Bavarii[edit]

Agilolfing dynasty

Franks[edit]

Merovingian dynasty (481–751) Carolingian dynasty (751–843) Arnulfings or Pippinids, mayors of the palaces. Ancestors of the Carolingians.

Huns[edit] This is a list of rulers of the Huns. Period Ruler

Vund c. 360 Balamber 360–378 Baltazár (Alypbi) 378–390 Uldin (Khan of the Western Huns) 390–410 Donatus (Khan of the Eastern Black Sea Huns & beyond) 410–412 Charaton (Aksungur) 412–422 Octar[1] 422–432 Rugila 432–434 Bleda with Attila c. 434 – c. 445 Attila "the Hun" c. 434–453 Ellac 453 – c. 455 Tuldila fl. c. 457 Dengizich (Sabirs attack c. 460–463) ?-469 with Hernach/BelkErmak Hernach/BelkErmak[2] 469–503 House of Dulo Bulgaria (390–503) A Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans genealogy claims that the Dulo clan is descended from Attila the Hun.

Scirii[edit]

Edeko Odoacer (435–493), was the 5th-century King of Italy

Avars[edit] Lombards[edit] See also: Early kings of the Lombards

Lething Dynasty (until early 6th century) Gausian Dynasty (546–572) Arodingian Dynasty (635–653) Bavarian Dynasty (615–635, 653–712)

Ostrogoths[edit]

Amal Dynasty (before 474–536)

Suebi[edit]

Suebic Dynasty (409–585)

Vandals[edit]

Hasdingi (before 407–534)

Visigoths[edit]

Balthi Dynasty (395–531)

Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire)[edit]

Constantinian dynasty (303–336) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379

Leonid dynasty (457–518) Justinian Dynasty (518–602) Heraclian Dynasty (602–695 and 705–711) Isaurian Dynasty (717–802) Phrygian Dynasty (820–867) Macedonian Dynasty (867–1056) Komnenid Dynasty (1057–1059 and 1081–1185) Doukid Dynasty (1059–1081) Angelid Dynasty (1185–1204) Laskarid Dynasty (1204–1261), in exile in Nicaea Palaiologid Dynasty (1261–1453)

Croatia[edit]

Trpimirović Dynasty (845–1091) Árpád Dynasty (c. 1102 – 1301) Přemyslid Dynasty (1301–1305) House of Wittelsbach (1305–1308) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1308–1395) House of Luxemburg (1387–1437) Habsburg Dynasty (1437–1457) Jagiellonian Dynasty (1440–1526) Zápolya Dynasty (1526–1571) Habsburg Dynasty (1526–1918)

Cyprus[edit]

House of Lusignan (1192–1489)

Denmark[edit] See also: List of Danish monarchs (1448 – present)

House of Oldenburg (1448–1863)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1863 to the present)

France[edit]

Carolingian Dynasty (843–987) Capetian Dynasty (987–1792, 1814–1848)

Direct Capetians (987–1328) House of Valois (1328–1589)

Direct House of Valois (1328–1498) House of Valois-Orléans (1498–1515) House of Valois-Angoulême (1515–1589)

House of Bourbon (1589–1792 and 1814–1848)

House of Bourbon-Vendôme (1589–1792, 1814–1830) House of Bourbon-Orléans (1830–1848)

Bonaparte Dynasty (1804–1814 and 1852–1870)

Georgia[edit]

Pharnabazid Dynasty (299–90 BC, 30 BC – 189 AD) Artaxiad Dynasty (90–30 BC) Arsacid Dynasty (189–284 AD) Chosroid Dynasty (284–580, 627–684)

Guaramid Dynasty (588–627, 684–748, 779–786)

Nersianid Dynasty (748–780) House of Bagration (813–1810)

Germany[edit]

Carolingian Dynasty (843–911) Conradines (911–918) Ottonian Dynasty (919–1024) Salian Dynasty or Franconian Dynasty (1024–1125) Supplinburg Dynasty (1125–1137) House of Hohenstaufen (1137–1254) House of Habsburg (1273–1291, 1298–1308, and 1438–1740)

House of Lorraine (1745–1806)

House of Nassau (1292–1298) House of Luxemburg (1308–1313, 1347–1400, and 1410–1437) House of Wittelsbach (1314–1347, 1400–1410, and 1742–1745) House of Hohenzollern (1871–1918)

Bavaria[edit]

Liutpolding Dynasty (889–947) Ottonian Dynasty (947–1017) House of Luxembourg (1017–1026, 1039–1047) Salian Dynasty (1026–1039, 1053–1061) House of Welf (1070–1138, 1156–1180) House of Babenberg (1138–1156) House of Wittelsbach (1180–1918)

Saxony[edit]

Liudolfing Dynasty (843–961) Billung Dynasty (961–1106) Supplinburger Dynasty (1106–1127) House of Welf (1127–1138, 1142–1180) Ascanian Dynasty (1138–1142, 1180–1422) Wettin Dynasty (1422–1918)

Greece[edit]

House of Wittelsbach (1832-1862) House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1862-1924, 1935-1973)

Hungary[edit]

Árpád Dynasty (c. 895 – 1301) Samuel Aba of Hungary Aba – Árpád Dynasty (1038–1044) Přemyslid Dynasty (1301–1305) House of Wittelsbach (1305–1308) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1308–1395) House of Luxemburg (1387–1437) Matthias Corvinus, House of Hunyadi (1458–1490) Habsburg Dynasty (1437–1457, 1526–1918) Jagiellonian Dynasty (1440–1526) Zápolya Dynasty (1526–1571)

Monaco[edit]

House of Grimaldi

Montenegro[edit]

Petrović-Njegoš dynasty (1696–1918) Karađorđević dynasty (1918–1941)

Ireland[edit]

MacCarthy (Mac Cárthsigh) O'Brien (978–1542) O'Conor Don (Ó Conchubhair Donn) O'Donnell (Ó Domhnaill)(1200–1601) O'Neill (Ó Néill) Airgíalla (331–1585) Bréifne (700–1256) Uí Briúin Connachta Uí Fiachrach (5th century – 17th century) Uí Maine (357–1611) Desmumu Eóganachta Laigin Uí Chennselaig Mide Tuadmumu Dál gCais Uí Néill Cenél Conaill (Northern) Cenél nEógain (Northern) Ulaid (before 450 – 1177) Dál Fiatach

Italy[edit]

House of Savoy (1861–1946)

Netherlands[edit]

House of Orange (1544 – present)

Norway[edit]

Fairhair Dynasty (890–1319) Hardrada dynasty (1046–1135) Sverre dynasty (1184–1319) House of Lade (1028–1035) House of Oldenburg (1450–1319) House of Bernadotte (1818–1905) House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1905 to the present)

Poland[edit]

Piast Dynasty (9th century-1296 and 1306–1370) Přemyslid Dynasty (1291–1306) Capetian Dynasty, House of Anjou (1370–1399) Jagiellonian Dynasty (1386–1572 and 1575–1586) Valois Dynasty (1573–1574) House of Báthory (1576–1586) House of Vasa (1587–1668) House of Wiśniowiecki (1669–1673) House of Sobieski (1674–1696) Wettin Dynasty (1697–1706, 1709–1733 and 1736–1764) House of Leszczyński (1704–1709 and 1733–1736) House of Poniatowski (1764–1795)

Portugal[edit] County of Portugal[edit]

House of Vímara Peres (868–1071) Portuguese House of Burgundy (1093–1139)

Kingdom of Portugal[edit]

Portuguese House of Burgundy or Afonsine Dynasty (1139–1383) House of Aviz or Joannine Dynasty (1385–1580) House of Habsburg or Philippine Dynasty (1581–1640) House of Braganza or Brigantine Dynasty (1640–1910)

Western Roman Empire[edit]

Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC – AD 68) Flavian Dynasty (69–96) Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96–192) Severan Dynasty (193–235) Constantinian dynasty (303–363) Valentinian Dynasty (364–457)

House of Theodosius from 379—476

Romania[edit] Before the Unification[edit] Moldavia[edit]

House of Dragoș (1345–1364) House of Bogdan-Mușat Movilești House of Drăculești House of Rossetti Ghica family Cantacuzino family Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordatos family Ypsilantis Soutzos family Mourousis family House of Cuza

Wallachia[edit]

House of Basarab House of Bogdan-Mușat Movilești House of Drăculești House of Rossetti Ghica family Cantacuzino family Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordatos family Ypsilantis Soutzos family Mourousis family House of Cuza

After the Unification[edit]

House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1866–1947)

Russia[edit]

Rurik dynasty (862–1598, 1606–1610) Romanov dynasty (1613–1762) House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, called Romanov (1762–1917)

Serbia[edit]

Vlastimirović dynasty (610–960) Vojislavljević dynasty (1034–1186) Vukanović dynasty (1083–1166) Nemanjić dynasty (1166–1371) Lazarević dynasty (1371–1427) Branković dynasty (1427–1502) Karađorđević dynasty (1811–13, 1842–58 and 1903–41) Obrenović dynasty (1815–42 and 1858–1903)

Spain[edit] Before the Unification[edit] Aragon[edit]

Jiménez Dynasty (1035–1162) House of Barcelona (1162–1410) House of Trastámara (1412–1516)

Asturias[edit]

Astur-Leonese dynasty (718–925)

Barcelona[edit]

House of Barcelona (878–1410) House of Trastámara (1412–1516)

Castile[edit]

House of Lara (930–1032), counts Jiménez Dynasty (1035–1126), kings Anscarids (House of Ivrea) (1126–1369) House of Trastámara (1369–1516)

León[edit]

Astur-Leonese dynasty (910–1037) Jiménez Dynasty (1037–1126) Anscarids (House of Ivrea) (1126–1369) House of Trastámara (1369–1516)

Navarre[edit]

House of Íñiguez (824–905) Jiménez Dynasty (905–1234) House of Champagne (1234–1305) House of Capet (1284–1349) House of Évreux (1328–1441) House of Trastámara (1425–1479) House of Foix (1479–1516) House of Albret (1483–1572) House of Bourbon (1572–1620)

After the Unification (1516)[edit]

House of Habsburg (1516–1700) House of Bourbon (1700–1808, 1813–1868, 1874–1931, and 1975 to the present) House of Bonaparte (1808–1813) House of Savoy (1870–1873)

Sweden[edit]

House of Uppsala (970–1060) House of Stenkil (1060–1130) House of Sverker (1130–1222), interspersed with House of Eric House of Eric (1156–1250), interspersed with House of Sverker House of Bjälbo or Folkung Dynasty (1248–1387) House of Vasa (1521–1654) House of Wittelsbach, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg (1654–1720) House of Hesse (1720–1751) House of Holstein-Gottorp (1751–1818) House of Bernadotte (1818 to the present)

Turkey[edit]

Seljuq Dynasty (1077–1307) Ottoman Dynasty (1281–1923)

Two Sicilies[edit] Sicily[edit]

House of Hauteville (1071–1198), counts until 1130 House of Hohenstaufen (1194–1266) House of Capet, House of Anjou (1266–1282) House of Barcelona (1282–1410) House of Trastámara (1412–1516) House of Habsburg (1516–1700 and 1720–1735) House of Bourbon (1700–1713) House of Savoy (1713–1720) House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1735–1861)

British Isles[edit] England[edit]

House of Wessex (802–1016 and 1042–1066) House of Denmark (1013–1014 and 1016–1042) Norman Dynasty (1066–1154) House of Plantagenet (1154–1485)

House of Anjou (1154–1215) House of Lancaster (1399–1461 and 1470–1471) (Throne merged with Irish) House of York (1461–1470 and 1471–1485)

House of Tudor (1485–1603) (Throne merged with Scottish)

Wales[edit]

House of Manaw ('Men of the North', Rhodri the Great)

House of Aberffraw of Gwynedd and Wales, c. 878 – 1282, Conquered by Edward I of England 1282, Annexed into England with Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 House of Dinefwr of Deheubarth, c. 878 – 1216, mediatized into Gwynedd and Wales under Llywelyn I

House of Mathrafal of Powys

House of Morgannwg

Ireland[edit]

De'voy Crowley Burke Clanricarde House of Plantagenet (1154–1485)

Angevin kings of England (1154–1215) House of Lancaster (1399–1461 and 1470–1471) (Throne merged with English)

Scotland[edit]

House of Alpin (843–1034) House of Dunkeld (1034–1040, 1058–1286) House of Moray (1040–1058) House of Baliol (1292–1296) (see Belgium, Flanders) House of Plantagenet House of Bruce (1306–1371) House of Stuart (1371–1603) (Throne merged with English)

Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603–1707)[edit] The crown of the Kingdom of England and Ireland merged with that of the Kingdom of Scotland to form a personal union between England-Ireland and Scotland (the former a personal union itself)

House of Stuart (1603–1707)

Personal union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707–1801)[edit]

House of Stuart (1707–1714) House of Hanover (1714–1801)

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1921)[edit]

House of Hanover (1801–1901) House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1901–1917) House of Windsor (1917–1921)

Personal union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921–1949)[edit]

House of Windsor (1921–1949)

UK [of GB and NI] (without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–present)[edit]

House of Windsor (1949–present)

North America[edit]

Powhatan Chiefdom (?-1646) Sachem (?-1676) Iroquois Confederacy (1142–1789) Hunkpapa Seven council fires (?-1872)

Mexico[edit]

Tlatoani Aztec Kingdom (1376–1565) House of Iturbide (1822–1823) House of Habsburg (1864–1867)

Central America[edit]

Cuzcatlan, El Salvador (1054–1528)

Maya States[edit]

Chan Santa Cruz Maya free State of Quintana Roo, Mexico (1850–1893) Itza Elite Yucatan, Mexico (600–1697) Kan Ek' Nojpetén Itza kingship, Guatemala (700–1697) K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj, Guatemala (1225–1524) Palenque B'aak dynasty Chiapas, Mexico(967 BCE – 799 CE) Siyaj K'ak' dynasties Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras (378–869)

South America[edit] Peru[edit]

Hurin dynasty (1197 – c. 1350), ruling dynasty of earlier Kingdom of Cusco Haran dynasty (c. 1350–1572), ruling dynasty of later Kingdom of Cusco, Inca Empire and Neo-Inca State

Brazil[edit]

House of Braganza (1822–1889) House of Orléans-Braganza (1864 to the present)

Chile[edit]

Tounes dynasty, kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia with the chiefdoms of Mapuche Nation (1860–1862)

Caribbean[edit] Haiti[edit]

Cacique Taino Nation Caribbean islands (?-1510) Dessalines Dynasty (1804–1806) Christophe Dynasty (1811–1820) Soulouque Dynasty (1849–1859)

Oceania[edit] Hawaii[edit]

Kingdom of Hawaii (1795–1810)

Kamehameha Dynasty (c. 1795 – 1872) Kalākaua Dynasty (c. 1874 – 1893)

New Zealand Māori[edit]

Te Wherowhero Dynasty (1856 to the present)

Tahiti[edit]

Pōmare Dynasty (1788–1880)

Tonga[edit]

Tu'i Tonga Dynasty (c. 900–1865) Tupou Dynasty (1875 to the present)

Political families in Republics[edit] Main article: List of political families Though in elected governments rule does not pass automatically by inheritance, political power often accrues to generations of related individuals in republics. Eminence, influence, tradition, genetics, and nepotism may contribute to this phenomenon. Family dictatorships are a different concept, in which political power passes within a family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader, rather than informal power accrued to the family. Some political dynasties:

Ziaur Rahman's and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's families (Bangladesh) Aung San Suu Kyi's family (Burma) The Medici family (Republic of Florence) The Nehru-Gandhi family (India) The Soekarnos (Indonesia) The Koirala family (Nepal) The Somoza family (Nicaragua) The Jinnah family (Pakistan and India) The Bhutto family (Pakistan) The Sharif family (Pakistan) The Macapagal family (Philippines) The Aquino family (Philippines) The Estrada family (Philippines) The Marcos family (Philippines) Lee Kuan Yew's family (Singapore) Solomon Bandaranaike's family (Sri Lanka) The Churchills/Dukes of Marlborough (UK) The Adamses (United States) The Bushes (United States) The Clintons (United States) The Cuomos (United States) The Harrisons (United States) The Kennedys (United States) The Lees (United States) The Longs (United States) The Roosevelts (United States) The Tafts (United States) The Udalls (United States)

Influential/wealthy families[edit]

The Agnelli family (Italy) The Anheuser family (United States) The Arison family (United States) The Astor family (United States and United Kingdom) The Bamford family (United Kingdom) The Bacardi family (Cuba and United States) The Baring family (United Kingdom) The Bazalgette family (United Kingdom) The Berenberg-Gossler-Seyler family (Germany) The Botín family (Spain) The Bonnier family (Sweden) The Bronfman family (Canada) The Bulgari family (Italy) The Burke family (Ireland and United Kingdom) The Busch family (United States) The Cabot family (United States) The Cadbury family (United Kingdom) The Carnegie family (United States) The Cholmondeley family (United Kingdom) The Churchill family (United Kingdom) The Conran family (United Kingdom) The Curzon family (United Kingdom) The Darwin–Wedgwood family (United Kingdom) The Du Pont family (United States) The Egerton family (United Kingdom) The Fabergé family (Russia and United Kingdom) The Florio family (Italy) The Forbes family (United States) The Forbes family (publishers) (United States) The Ford family (United States) The Forte family (United Kingdom) The Freud family (Austria and United Kingdom) The Fugger family (Germany) The Getty family (United States) The Goldsmith family (Sweden and United Kingdom) The Gough-Calthorpe family (United Kingdom) The Grosvenor family (United Kingdom) The Guggenheim family (United States) The Guinness family (Ireland) The Hearst family (United States) The Heinz Family (United States) The Hilton family (United States) The Howard family (United Kingdom) The Kennedy family (United States) The Keswick family (East Asia and United Kingdom) The Kim family (North Korea) The Krupp family (Germany) The Lee family (United States) The Lehman family (United States) The Li family (East Asia) The Livingston family (United States) The Louis-Dreyfus family (France and United States) The McCormick family (United States) The Medici family (Italy) The Mellon family (United States) The Mendelssohn family (Europe) The Mittal family (United Kingdom and India) The Montefiore family (Morocco, Italy and United Kingdom) The Morgan family (United States) The Murdoch family (Australia and United States) The Newhouse family (United States) The Ochs-Sulzberger family (United States) The Oppenheimer family (South Africa) The Packer Family (Australia) The Pattison family (Canada) The Peugeot family (France) The Porsche family (Austria) The Premji family (India) The Pritzker family (United States) The Rausing family (Sweden and United Kingdom) The Roosevelt family (United States) The Rothschild family (France and United Kingdom) The Rockefeller family (United States) The Rupert family (South Africa) The Sainsbury family (United Kingdom) The Sassoon family (Iraq, India, China and United Kingdom) The Sawiris family (Egypt) The Schröder family (United Kingdom) The Shinawatra family (Thailand) The Stroganov family (Russia and Eastern Europe) The Spencer family (United Kingdom) The Swire family (East Asia and United Kingdom) The Taft family (United States) The Taittinger family (France) The Tata family (India) The Thomson family (Canada) The Thyssen family (Germany) The Tjin-A-Djie family (Suriname) The Tolstoy family (Russia and United Kingdom) The Toyoda family (Japan) The Trump family (United States) The Vanderbilt family (United States) The Villiers family (United Kingdom) The Wallenberg family (Sweden) The Walton family (United States) The Warburg family (United States) The Welser family (Germany) The Whitney family (United States) The Wittgenstein family (Austria) The Zobel de Ayala family (Philippines)

See also[edit]

List of Muslim empires and dynasties Family seat Royal intermarriage House of Lithuainia RoyalKingdom Gediminid Prince

References[edit]

Look up dynasty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

^ a b Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "house, n.¹ and int, 10. b." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2011. ^ Thomson, David (1961). "The Institutions of Monarchy". Europe Since Napoleon. New York: Knopf. pp. 79–80. The basic idea of monarchy was the idea that hereditary right gave the best title to political power...The dangers of disputed succession were best avoided by hereditary succession: ruling families had a natural interest in passing on to their descendants enhanced power and prestige...Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, Maria Theresa of Austria, were alike infatuated with the idea of strengthening their power, centralizing government in their own hands as against local and feudal privileges, and so acquiring more absolute authority in the state. Moreover, the very dynastic rivalries and conflicts between these eighteenth-century monarchs drove them to look for ever more efficient methods of government  ^ Liddell, Henry George & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δυναστεία". Hosted by Tufts University's Perseus Project. ^ Liddell & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δυνάστης". ^ Liddell & al. A Greek–English Lexicon: "δύναμις". ^ Liddell & al. "δύναμαι". ^ a b Statement by Nick Clegg MP, UK parliament website, 26 March 2015 (retrieved on same date). ^ "Monaco royal taken seriously ill". BBC News. London. 8 April 2005. Retrieved January 27, 2013.  ^ a b The Times Atlas of World History (second/third edition), ISBN 0-7230-0304-1 ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20081216125714/http://www.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/html/en/History1766bye3553.html. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008.  Missing or empty title= (help)

v t e

Royal houses of Europe

Nordic countries

Denmark

Knýtlinga Fairhair Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Finland

Bjelbo Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov

Norway

Fairhair Knýtlinga Hardrada Gille Sverre Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Sweden

Munsö Stenkil Sverker Eric Bjelbo Estridsen Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse-Kassel Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte

Iceland

Fairhair Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Britain and Ireland

England

Mercia Wuffing Kent Sussex Essex Bernicia Deira Northumbria Uí Ímair Wessex Knýtlinga Normandy Angevin Plantagenet Lancaster York Tudor

Scotland

Fergus Óengus Strathclyde Mann and the Isles Alpin Northumbria Bernicia Uí Ímair Galloway Dunkeld Sverre Balliol Bruce Stuart

Wales

Dinefwr Aberffraw Gwynedd Mathrafal Cunedda Tudor

Ireland

Ulaid Dál Riata Érainn Corcu Loígde Laigin Connachta Uí Néill Ó Gallchobhair Ó Domhnail Ó Néill Ó Máel Sechlainn Mac Murchada Ó Briain Mac Lochlainn Ó Conchobhair

Gaelic Ireland

Laigin Síl Conairi Ulaid Dáirine Osraige Cruthin Dál nAraidi Connachta Uí Fiachrach Uí Briúin Uí Néill Síl nÁedo Sláine Clann Cholmáin Eóganachta Chaisil Glendamnach Raithlind Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ímair (Norse) Uí Ceinnselaig Dál gCais Ó Briain Mac Carthaig Ó Conchobhair Ó Ruairc De Burgh (Norman) FitzGerald (Norman) Ó Domhnaill Ó Néill

Great Britain

Stuart Orange-Nassau Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Windsor

Eastern Europe

Albania

Angevin Progon Arianiti Thopia Kastrioti Dukagjini Wied Zogu Ottoman Savoy

Armenia2

Orontid Artaxiad Arsacid Bagratid Artsruni Rubenids Hethumids Lusignan Savoy

Bosnia

Boričević Kulinić Kotromanić Kosača Ottoman Habsburg-Lorraine

Bulgaria

Dulo Krum Cometopuli Asen Smilets Terter Shishman Sratsimir Battenberg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Croatia

Trpimirović Domagojević Svačić Ottoman Luxembourg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Bonaparte Savoy (disputed)

Cyprus2

Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy

Georgia1

Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Ottoman Chosroid Bagrationi

Greece

Argead Macedonian Doukas Komnenos Angelos Laskaris Palaiologos Ottoman Wittelsbach Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Lithuania

Mindaugas Gediminids Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

Moldavia

Dragoș (Drăgoșești) Rossetti Bogdan-Muşat Movilești Drăculeşti Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Basarab

Montenegro

Vojislavljević Balšić Ottoman Crnojević Petrović-Njegoš

Romania

House of Basarab Rossetti Bogdan-Mușat Movilești Drăculești Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Romanov Racoviță Ottoman Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Romania/Royal family

Russia1

Rurik Borjigin Godunov Shuysky Vasa Romanov

Serbia

Vlastimirović Vukanović Nemanjić Lazarević Mrnjavčević Dejanović Branković Ottoman Obrenović Karađorđević

Turkey1

Ottoman

Ukraine

Rurikids Piast Gediminids Olshanski Olelkovich Giray Romanov Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.

Western Europe

Belgium

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

France

Merovingian Carolingian Capet Valois Bourbon Bonaparte Orléans

Italy

Aleramici Anjou Appiani Barcelona Bonaparte Bourbon-Parma Bourbon-Two Sicilies Carolingian Della Rovere Este Farnese Flavian Gonzaga Grimaldi Habsburg Hauteville Hohenstaufen Julio-Claudian Malatesta Malaspina Medici Montefeltro Murat Nerva–Antonine Ordelaffi Orsini Palaiologos Pallavicini Savoy Severan Sforza Trastámara Valois Visconti

Luxembourg

Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Bourbon-Parma

Monaco

Grimaldi

Netherlands

Bonaparte Orange-Nassau (Mecklenburg) (Lippe) (Amsberg)

Portugal

Vímara Peres Burgundy Aviz Habsburg Spanish Braganza

Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Spain

Asturias Barcelona Jiménez Burgundy Champagne Capet Évreux Trastámara Habsburg Bourbon

Bonaparte Savoy

Central Europe

Austria

Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Bohemia

Přemyslid Piast Luxembourg Jagiellon Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Germany

Ascania Carolingian Conradines Ottonian Luitpolding Salian Süpplingenburg Hohenstaufen Welf Habsburg Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Nassau Luxembourg Wittelsbach Schwarzburg Brunswick-Lüneburg House of Pomerania Hohenzollern Württemberg Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Mecklenburg Vasa Palatine Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Bonaparte Wettin Lippe Zähringen

Hungary

Árpád Přemyslid Wittelsbach Angevin Luxembourg Hunyadi Jagiellon Szapolyai Ottoman Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Poland

Piast Přemyslid Samborides Griffins Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski

After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov Kingdom of Poland Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Wettin Duchy of Warsaw Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk Hohenzollern Duchy of Poznań

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European royal families

Reigning

Belgium Denmark Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Norway Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Non reigning pretenders

Albania Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Cyprus France Georgia Germany Greece Hanover Italy Lithuania Montenegro Portugal Romania R