Dybbøl is a small town with a population of 2,495 (1 January 2014)
in the southeastern corner of South Jutland, Denmark. It is around
6 km (3.7 mi) west of Sønderborg.
Dybbøl has been a battlefield twice: in the
First Schleswig War
First Schleswig War and
in the Second
Schleswig War. During the
Second Schleswig War
Second Schleswig War in 1864,
the Danish Army withdrew from the traditional fortified defence line,
the Dannevirke (after waters and marshes which supported its flanks
froze solid in a hard winter), and marched for
Dybbøl to find a more
defensible position. Although much artillery was abandoned and the
evacuation was executed through a snow-laden north gale in winter, the
army arrived almost intact. It entrenched itself at the Dybbøl
Trenches, which became the scene of the siege and subsequent Battle of
Dybbøl (7 April – 18 April 1864). This battle resulted in a
Prussian-Austrian victory over Denmark.
In the following peace settlement,
Denmark surrendered Schleswig.
Following World War I,
Denmark recovered the northern part of
Schleswig as a result of the
Schleswig Plebiscites as described in the
Treaty of Versailles.
Dybbøl Mill is considered a Danish national symbol.
Dybbøl is also the birthplace of American landscape architect Jens
National Park status
The site is a national memorial and museum of the Battle of Dybbøl
and was therefore included in the 'National Park
inaugurated in 1924. This park is not included in the Danish National
Park laws of 2007, but it can still use the name National Park. The
area is today administered as a 'Historiecenter
Dybbøl Banke Museum and History Centre).
^ "BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas" database from
^ What is a Danish National Park? Archived 3 December 2013 at the
Wayback Machine. Danish Nature Agency (in Danish)
Dybbøl Banke Museum and History Centre (in Danish)
Coordinates: 54°55′10″N 9°43′20″E / 54.91944°N
9.72222°E / 54.91944; 9.72222
This Danish location article is a stub. You can help by