The Info List - Dutch-based Creole Languages

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A Dutch creole is a creole language that has been substantially influenced by the Dutch language. Most Dutch-based creoles originated in Dutch colonies in the Americas and Southeast Asia, after the 17th century expansion of Dutch maritime power. Almost all of them are now extinct. List[edit] Some important Dutch creoles are the following:

Creole Location Status

Berbice Guyana extinct

Skepi Guyana extinct

Negerhollands U.S. Virgin Islands extinct

Petjo Indonesia, immigrant community in the Netherlands extinct or critically in danger

Javindo Indonesia extinct

Ceylon Portuguese–Dutch Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(formerly Ceylon) extinct or critically in danger

Mohawk Dutch United States extinct

Jersey Dutch ("Negro Dutch") United States extinct

Dutch has also made a significant contribution to other creoles:


based mostly on Portuguese, spoken in Aruba, Bonaire
and Curaçao.


based mostly on English, Portuguese and African languages, spoken in Suriname

Sranan Tongo

based mostly on English, spoken in Suriname

Despite its name, Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania Dutch
is not descended from Dutch, but is a variety of West Central German. See also[edit]

Differences between Afrikaans and Dutch


Authority control