The Info List - Duryea Brothers

Charles Edgar Duryea (December 15, 1861 – September 28, 1938) was the engineer of the first-ever working American gasoline-powered car and co-founder of Duryea Motor Wagon
Duryea Motor Wagon
Company.[1] He was born near Canton, Illinois, the son of George Washington Duryea and Louisa Melvina Turner and died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but spent most of his life working in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was in Springfield that Charles and his brother, Frank, produced and road-tested America's first gasoline-powered car.[2][page needed]

1894 Duryea Automobile
at the Tallahassee Antique Car Museum


1 Biography

1.1 Tests of the first, gasoline-powered automobile 1.2 The Duryea Motor Wagon
Duryea Motor Wagon

2 Legacy 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Biography[edit] He was born on December 15, 1861 near Canton, Illinois
Canton, Illinois
to George Washington Duryea and Louisa Melvina Turner.[citation needed] Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
and his brother Frank (1869–1967) were initially bicycle makers in Washington, D.C., but later became world-renowned as the first American gasoline-powered car manufacturers, headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts. Generally speaking, Charles engineered the automobiles, while Frank built, tested and raced them.[citation needed] Tests of the first, gasoline-powered automobile[edit] On September 20, 1893, the Duryea Brothers road-tested the first-ever, working American gasoline-powered automobile in a portion of Springfield, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
that is now Chicopee, Massachusetts.[citation needed] The Duryea's "motor wagon" was a used horse drawn buggy that the brothers had purchased for $70 and into which they had installed a 4 HP, single cylinder gasoline engine. The car (buggy) had a friction transmission, spray carburetor and low tension ignition.[3] Frank Duryea test drove it again on November 10[3] — this time in a prominent location: past their garage at 47 Taylor Street in Springfield.[citation needed] The next day it was reported[3] by The Republican newspaper with great fanfare.[citation needed] This particular car was put into storage in 1894 and stayed there until 1920, when it was rescued by a former Duryea engineer Inglis M. Uppercu[4] and presented to the United States National Museum.[3] He was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame
Automotive Hall of Fame
in 1973.[5][6] The Duryea Motor Wagon
Duryea Motor Wagon
Company[edit] On November 28, 1895 in Chicago, their vehicle, driven by brother Frank, had won America's first car race. It ran to Evanston, Illinois and back. The only other finisher was one of three Benz cars mostly made in Germany. After Frank won, demand grew for the Duryea Motor Wagon. In 1896, the Duryea Brothers produced 13 cars by hand — in their garage at 47 Taylor Street — and thus Duryea became the first-ever commercially produced vehicle, and also the largest automobile factory in the United States.[7] For the history of the company and its cars, see Duryea Motor Wagon
Duryea Motor Wagon
Company.[8] Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
sought out investors and buyers while his brother, Frank Duryea, primarily handled the mechanical side of the business.[9] A Duryea car was involved in America's first known auto accident.[10] New York City motorist Henry Wells hit a bicyclist with his new Duryea. The rider suffered a broken leg, Wells spent a night in jail and the nation's first traffic accident was recorded.[10] Due to low production and extraordinarily pricey cars, e.g. in 1913, George Vanderbilt purchased and drove a Stevens-Duryea, but was one of few people in the United States who could afford one. His 1913 Duryea is Vanderbilt's only original car kept at his Biltmore Estate.[11] Duryea ceased manufacturing in 1917.[8] Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
died of a heart attack[12] in Philadelphia
on September 28, 1938 and was buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, West Oak Lane.[13][1] Legacy[edit] The annual Duryea Hillclimb is named in his honor.[14] See also[edit]

Biography portal

Elwood Haynes, previously credited with first American gasoline automobile by the Smithsonian Institution


^ a b "Charles E. Duryea, Auto Pioneer, Dies. Credited With Building First ' Gasoline
Buggy'. Tested in 1892 in Springfield. Car Now In Smithsonian. Won First Race for Horseless Carriages. Inventor of Many Improvements. Tablet Honors Achievement. Won First Automobile
Race. Invented Bicycle Improvements". New York Times. September 29, 1938. Retrieved 2012-09-11. Charles E. Duryea, sometimes called the "father of the automobile," died in his home here at 9 A. M. today after an illness of about a year and a half. He was in his seventy-fifth [sic] year.  ^ May, George W. (January 1, 1996) [1973]. Charles E. Duryea, Automaker. Zero-g Press. ISBN 978-1889849027.  ^ a b c d Ehtesham (2009-03-06). "Cars: Duryea's First Car 1893 CE". Bestsellingcars.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-09.  ^ "Aeromarine". Retrieved 12 January 2012.  ^ "Duryea Brothers". theinventors.org. Retrieved March 8, 2016.  ^ "Charles E. Duryea". Hall of Fame Inductees. Automotive Hall of Fame. 1973. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2016.  ^ "Frank Duryea wins first U.S. horseless-carriage race – History.com This Day in History – 11/28/1895". History.com. Retrieved 2012-03-09.  ^ a b Berkbile, Don. The 1893 Duryea Automobile, (1964). ^ "Duryeas First but It Didn't Last", Automotive News. News Pg. 3 February 26, 1996 ^ a b "The Duryea Brothers — Automobile
History". Inventors.about.com. 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2012-03-09.  ^ "Our Story — Preservation — Vintage Car". Biltmore.com. Retrieved 2012-03-09.  ^ "Charles Duryea, auto's inventor, taken by death". Ellensburg Daily Record. September 28, 1938. p. 3. Retrieved 3 January 2017.  ^ "Auto Inventor Dies. Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
Credited With First Gasoline Buggy". Associated Press. September 29, 1938. Retrieved 2012-09-11.  ^ "Duryea / Pagoda". PA Hillclimb Association. Pennsylvania Hillclimb Association. 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017. Named for the obscure automobile maker and following the same route that Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
used to test his cars. 

Further reading[edit] Duryea, Charles; Homans, James E. (1916) The Automoble Book Sturgis & Walton, New York; at Open Library. The first chapter briefly surveys the early evolution of automobiles, with mention of his own involvement from 1891 and the famous victory of the Duryea Motor Wagon in the first London-to Brighton race (1996). External links[edit]

Charles Duryea
Charles Duryea
at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59889100 LCCN: n85062659 ISNI: 0000 0000 2942 4860 GND: 119200589 BNF: cb13510370n (data) BIBSYS: 5094060 SN