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Durrani[pronunciation?] (Pashto: دراني‎) or Abdali[pronunciation?] (Pashto: ابدالي‎) is the name of a prominent Sarbani Pashtun tribal confederation in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan. They have been called Durrani
Durrani
since the beginning of the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
in 1747.[1] Durrani
Durrani
are found throughout Afghanistan and Pakistan; although large concentrations are found in southern Afghanistan, they are also found to a lesser extent in east, west and central Afghanistan. Many Durranis are found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. The Durrani
Durrani
Pashtuns of the Afghan capital Kabul are usually bilingual in Pashto and Dari Persian. The ruling Sadozai and Barakzai
Barakzai
dynasties of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
were originally from the Durrani.

Contents

1 Descent of the Abdali/ Durrani
Durrani
from Tareen 2 History 3 Branches or subtribes

3.1 Durrani
Durrani
/ Bor or Abdali Tareen

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Descent of the Abdali/ Durrani
Durrani
from Tareen[edit] The Pashtuns believe that they are descended from the common ancestor Qais Abdur Rashid.[2] In the case of the Tareen, they believe they are descended from his first son, Sarban, his son Sharkhbun, and his son Tareen, the founder of the tribe. Tareen
Tareen
had a number of sons, who correspond with the major divisions of the tribe.[3] One was named Bor Tareen, later renamed Abdali, who is the legendary founder of the Durrani
Durrani
tribe.[4] Thus, the Abdali/ Durrani
Durrani
are in effect descended from the elder Tareen
Tareen
lineage.[5] History[edit]

Flag of the Durrani
Durrani
(Abdali) Tribe

Ahmad Shah Durrani
Ahmad Shah Durrani
established the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
in 1747, and the name Durrani
Durrani
originates from that period.

They were known in the past as Abdalis, from approximately the 7th century until the mid-18th century when Ahmad Shah Durrani
Ahmad Shah Durrani
was chosen as the new Emir
Emir
and the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
was established.[6] One of Ahmad Shah's first acts as Emir
Emir
was to adopt the title padshah durr-i durran ('King, "pearl of the age").[7] He united the Pashtun tribes following a loya jirga in western Kandahar and changed his own name from Ahmad Shah Abdali
Ahmad Shah Abdali
to Ahmad Shah Durrani. Since that period, the kings of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
have been of Durrani
Durrani
extraction. The origin of the Abdali is probably the Hephthalites though it is disputed.[8][9] The Zirak line begins with Sulaiman Zirak Khan. Zirak was father of Popalzai, Barakzai, and Alakozai.[10] The Durranis were the most divided Pashtun tribe (مهمبن) during the rule of the Ghilji, with some having openly opposed them[citation needed]. The Durrani
Durrani
are the politically dominant Pashtun group in Afghanistan, as the former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, is of the Durrani
Durrani
sub-group known as the Popalzai
Popalzai
and has close ties to the last king of Afghanistan, Zahir Shah, another member of the Durrani
Durrani
tribe Mohammadzai/Barakzai.[citation needed] According to Hayat Khan's history of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from their progenitor Bor Tarin, otherwise known as Abdal, are descended their two main divisions the Zirak and the Panjpai.[citation needed] The term Abdal, however, gradually superseded that of Bor Tareen
Tareen
and came into special prominence when Ahmad Shah Abdali
Ahmad Shah Abdali
Sadozai/ Popalzai
Popalzai
commonly known as Durrani, began his career of conquest. The Achakzais are, in strictness, a branch of the Barakzai, but Ahmad Shah, Durrani
Durrani
himself an Abdal/Bor Tarin/Tareen, fearing the growing numbers of the Barakzai, separated them from the parent stock. Since then, their organization has remained distinct. It is still used, though sparingly, for the Achakzai, who have become localised in Toba and are regarded as a separate political unit from the rest of the Tarin/Tareens.

Durrani
Durrani
prince tomb in Kohat

Branches or subtribes[edit] The Musahiban also branch from Durrani. Sadozai Abdali tribe is the tribe Ahmad Shah Abdali
Ahmad Shah Abdali
was from. The Durrani
Durrani
Tareen
Tareen
tribe is divided into two branches Panjpai and Zirak. Durrani
Durrani
tribes of the Zirak branch include Popalzai, Alikozai, Barakzai, Bamozai, Badozai, and Achakzai.[citation needed] The Panjpai branch are mainly found in the western Kandahar, Helmand and Farah area, and they include Alizai, Noorzai, Ishakzai or Sakzai, and Maku. The literacy rate of the Durrani
Durrani
is the highest among all the Pashtun tribes and they are also considered the most liberal of the Pashtun tribes. The Durranis continue to live close to other people of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and culturally overlap in many ways with the Tajiks whom they often share more cultural and socio-economic traits in comparison to the more tribal Pashtuns such as the Ghilji, which is the other major Pashtun tribe. Durrani
Durrani
/ Bor or Abdali Tareen[edit] The Bor or Abdali Tareens inhabit Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
comprise chiefly these sections:

Zirak

Barakzai Popalzai Alikozai Achakzai

Panjpai

Alizai Ishakzai Noorzai

The Bor/Abdali Tareens came to be known as 'Durranis' after Ahmad Shah Abdali became Emir
Emir
of Afghanistan, and gradually this term superseded their original name.[11] See also[edit]

Alizai

References[edit]

^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Durrani ^ Olaf Caroe, 'The Pathans', 1957, np ^ Ghulam Rasul Haider 'The Pashtuns- A monograph on tribal claims of their origins'. Peshawar" University of Peshawar Press, 1988, pp 11-13 ^ Haider, 14 ^ Haider, 13 ^ Treaty of Kalat between Balochistan and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in 1758 ^ The Afghans (2002) By Willem Vogelsang. Page 229. ^ http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/diss/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/FUDISS_derivate_000000007165/01_Text.pdf ^ http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/diss/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/FUDISS_derivate_000000007165/01_Text.pdf?hosts= ^ Life of the Amîr Dost Mohammed Khan, of Kabul: with his political ..., by Mohan Lal, Volume 1. Page 1-3. ^ Nawab Muhammad Hyat Khan, "Hayat i Afghan" (Orig. in Persian 1865) trans. by H.B Priestley " Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and its Inhabitants", 1874; Reprint Lahore: Sang i Meel Press, 1981

External links[edit]

Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
- Durrani

v t e

Pashtun tribes

Bettani

Ghilji

Akakhel Alikhel Andar Gulwal Hotak Ibrahimkhel Ibrahimzai Kharoti

Nasher

Nasar Sulaimankhel

Ahmadzai Jabbarkhel

Tarakai Tokhi Painda Khel

Lodi

Dawlatzai Kundi Lodi Lohani

Marwat

Niazi

Kharotakhel

Sarwani Shirani

Harifal Miani

Sur

Gharghashti

Babai Dawi Gandapur

Hafizkhel Ibrahimzai Nattuzai Yaqubzai

Jadun Kakar

Bazai Jalalzai Khudiadadzai Mirdadzai

Ludin Mandokhel Mashwanis Musakhel Nasozai Panni

Barozai

Safi

Karlani

Afridi

Adamkhel Kalakhel

Bangash

Baizais

Banuchi Dawar Dilazak Khattak Khogyani

Kharboni

Sherzad

Wazir

Mahsud

Bahlolzai Shamankhel

Mangal Muqbil Orakzai

Mamozai Zaimukhts

Ormur Tirahi Turi Wardak Wazir

Ahmadzai Darweshkhel Utmanzai

Zadran Zazi

Sarbani

Durrani

Achakzai Alakozai Alizai

Hanbhi

Badozai Barakzai

Nawabi

Barech Ishakzai Kiral Loni Mohammadzai Nurzai Panjpai Popalzai

Habibzai Sadozai Wazirzada

Zirak

Shinwari

Mullagori

Yusufzai

Abakhel Adokhel Akazai Babuzai Balarkhel Chagharzai Degankhel Hassanikhel Hassanzai Khanan Khail Kamalzai Khwaja Khel (Khwajgan) Madakhel Mir khail Mahabatkhel Mulakhel,Malakhail Mandanr

Khadarzai

Niamatkhel Ranizai Tahirkheli Utmankhel Kamal Khel

Other Sarbani

Babar Ghoryakhel

Chamkani Khalil Mulagori

Kasi Zhmaryani Kheshgi Mohmand

Halimzai

Muhammadzai

Sherpao

Storyani Tareen Tarkani

Kakazai Mamund Salarzai Wur

Allied tribes

Awanzai Ismailkhel Sakzai Sheikh Mohammadi

Authority control

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