Durlach is a borough of the German city of
Karlsruhe with a population
of roughly 30,000.
2 Life and heritage
The tower on the hill Turmberg
Durlach was bestowed by emperor Frederick II on the margrave Hermann V
of Zähringen as an allodial possession.
It was chosen by the margrave Charles II in 1565 as residence of the
rulers of Baden-Durlach, and retained this distinction though it was
almost totally destroyed by the French in 1689.
Margrave Charles III William decided that he needed more space which
led to the foundation of
Karlsruhe in 1715, which three years later
became the new capital until the state was merged into the grand-duchy
Church, town hall, market square
In 1846 it was the seat of a congress of the Liberal party of the
Baden parliament. In 1849 it was the scene of an encounter between the
Prussians and the insurgents.
Durlach was incorporated into Karlsruhe, which had grown
bigger, with which it is connected by a canal and an avenue of
poplars, on the left bank of the Pfinz, at the foot of the Turmberg.
329 people were killed in
Durlach during the Second World
Georg Friedrich von Reichenbach
Georg Friedrich von Reichenbach and Ernst Ludwig Posselt (1763-1804,
historian) were natives of the town.
Life and heritage
Important attractions are the
Karlsburg Castle in the centre, erected
in 1565 and later used as barracks, now with some museums an ancient
town hall, a church with an excellent organ, and in the market-place a
statue of the margrave Charles II.
Turmberg ('tower hill') is a vineyard-covered hill of the
northernmost part of the Black Forest. A castle ruin with watch-tower
are located on top of the Turmberg. The watch-tower in particular
offers fine views of
Karlsruhe towards the west and the Rhine River
valley. On very clear days even farther west the
Vosges in France can
be seen. The Rhine River is the border between
of France. The South and East offer nice views of the Black Forest,
and since the
Turmberg is the northernmost tip of the
Black Forest you
have hills more than actual mountains. A staircase leads all the way
up from the bottom of the hill to the top, however you can also ride
up using the Turmbergbahn, a historic funicular railway. In recent
years the railway was changed from water gravity to electric.
Durlach hosted several factories, producing sewing-machines (Pfaff),
brushes, chemicals, tobacco, beer, vinegar, chicory and pipe organs.
Now most manufacture has disappeared, except for a producer of
homeopathy and dietary supplements. IT companies have taken their
place, the biggest Fiducia IT AG, which provides banking services for
most German credit unions.
H. Veit & Sons organ factory
Pfaff factory, now RaumFabrik
Railway station and avenue from Karlsruhe
Friedrich school in the centre
Historical city centre
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Durlach". Encyclopædia Britannica.
8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 711. This work
in turn cites:
Fecht, Geschichte der Stadt
Durlach (Heidelberg, 1869).
Coordinates: 49°00′N 8°29′E / 49.000°N 8.483°E /