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Durlach
Durlach
is a borough of the German city of Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
with a population of roughly 30,000.

Contents

1 History 2 Life and heritage 3 Economy 4 Sources

History[edit]

The tower on the hill Turmberg

Durlach
Durlach
was bestowed by emperor Frederick II on the margrave Hermann V of Zähringen as an allodial possession. It was chosen by the margrave Charles II in 1565 as residence of the rulers of Baden-Durlach, and retained this distinction though it was almost totally destroyed by the French in 1689. Margrave
Margrave
Charles III William decided that he needed more space which led to the foundation of Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
in 1715, which three years later became the new capital until the state was merged into the grand-duchy of Baden.

Church, town hall, market square

In 1846 it was the seat of a congress of the Liberal party of the Baden parliament. In 1849 it was the scene of an encounter between the Prussians and the insurgents. In 1938 Durlach
Durlach
was incorporated into Karlsruhe, which had grown bigger, with which it is connected by a canal and an avenue of poplars, on the left bank of the Pfinz, at the foot of the Turmberg. 329 people were killed in Durlach
Durlach
during the Second World War.[citation needed] Georg Friedrich von Reichenbach
Georg Friedrich von Reichenbach
and Ernst Ludwig Posselt (1763-1804, historian) were natives of the town. Life and heritage[edit]

Karlsburg Castle

Important attractions are the Karlsburg Castle
Karlsburg Castle
in the centre, erected in 1565 and later used as barracks, now with some museums an ancient town hall, a church with an excellent organ, and in the market-place a statue of the margrave Charles II. The Turmberg
Turmberg
('tower hill') is a vineyard-covered hill of the northernmost part of the Black Forest. A castle ruin with watch-tower are located on top of the Turmberg. The watch-tower in particular offers fine views of Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
towards the west and the Rhine River valley. On very clear days even farther west the Vosges
Vosges
in France can be seen. The Rhine River is the border between Germany
Germany
and Alsace
Alsace
area of France. The South and East offer nice views of the Black Forest, and since the Turmberg
Turmberg
is the northernmost tip of the Black Forest
Black Forest
you have hills more than actual mountains. A staircase leads all the way up from the bottom of the hill to the top, however you can also ride up using the Turmbergbahn, a historic funicular railway. In recent years the railway was changed from water gravity to electric. Economy[edit] Durlach
Durlach
hosted several factories, producing sewing-machines (Pfaff), brushes, chemicals, tobacco, beer, vinegar, chicory and pipe organs. Now most manufacture has disappeared, except for a producer of homeopathy and dietary supplements. IT companies have taken their place, the biggest Fiducia IT AG, which provides banking services for most German credit unions.

H. Veit & Sons organ factory

Former Pfaff
Pfaff
factory, now RaumFabrik

Railway station and avenue from Karlsruhe

Friedrich school in the centre

Historical city centre

Sources[edit] (incomplete)

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Durlach". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 711.  This work in turn cites:

Fecht, Geschichte der Stadt Durlach
Durlach
(Heidelberg, 1869).

Coordinates: 49°00′N 8°29′E / 49.000°N 8.483°E / 49.000; 8.483

v t e

Boroughs of Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(city)

Beiertheim-Bulach Daxlanden Durlach Grötzingen Grünwettersbach Grünwinkel Hagsfeld Hohenwettersbach Innenstadt-Ost Innenstadt-West Knielingen Mühlburg Neureut Nordstadt Nordweststadt Oberreut Oststadt Palmbach Rintheim Rüppurr Stupferich Südstadt Südweststadt Waldstadt Weiherfeld-Dammerstock Weststadt Wolfartsweier

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140882

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