DUQUESNE UNIVERSITY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (/djuːˈkeɪn/ ) is a private
Catholic university in Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania , United States.
Founded by members of the Congregation of the
Holy Spirit , Duquesne
first opened its doors as the
Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy
Ghost in October 1878 with an enrollment of 40 students and a faculty
of six. In 1911, the college became the first Catholic university in
Pennsylvania. It is the only
Spiritan institution of higher education
in the world.
Duquesne has since expanded to over 10,000 graduate and undergraduate
students within a self-contained 49-acre (19.8 ha) hilltop campus in
Pittsburgh's Bluff neighborhood. The school maintains an associate
campus in Rome and encompasses ten schools of study. The university
hosts international students from more than 80 countries although
most students — about 80% — are from
Pennsylvania or the
surrounding region. Duquesne is considered a research university with
high research activity institution by the Carnegie Foundation for the
Advancement of Teaching . There are more than 79,000 living alumni of
the university including two cardinals and the current bishop of
Duquesne Dukes compete in
NCAA Division I . Duquesne men\'s
basketball appeared twice in national championship games in the 1950s
and won the NIT championship in 1955.
* 1 History
* 2 Insignia and tradition
* 2.1 Seal and coat of arms
* 2.2 Alma mater
* 3 Campuses
* 3.1 Main campus
* 3.1.1 Forbes and Fifth Avenue expansion
* 3.2 Capital Region campus
* 3.3 Italian campus
* 4 Academics
* 5 Student life
* 5.1 Residential life
* 5.2 Student groups
* 5.3 Greek life
* 5.4 Performance art
* 6 Athletics
* 7 Sustainability
* 8 Labor practices
* 9 Notable alumni
* 10 References
* 11 External links
Duquesne University chapel adjoins the "Old Main"
Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost was founded on
October 1, 1878 by Fr.
Joseph Strub and the Holy Ghost Fathers, who
had been expelled from Germany during
Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck 's Kulturkampf
six years earlier. When the college was founded, it had six faculty
members and 40 students. The college obtained its state charter in
1882. Students attended classes in a rented space above a bakery on
Wylie Avenue in downtown Pittsburgh. Duquesne established itself at
its current location on the Bluff and built the original five-story
red brick "Old Main" in 1885. At the time, it was the highest point on
On May 27, 1911, under the leadership of Fr.
Martin Hehir , the
College became the first Catholic institution of higher learning in
Pennsylvania to become a university. It was subsequently renamed
Duquesne University of the Holy Ghost", after Ange Duquesne de
Menneville, Marquis du Quesne , the French governor of
New France who
first brought Catholic observances to the
Pittsburgh area. The year
1913 saw the university record its first woman graduate, Sister M.
Fides of the
Sisters of Mercy . In 1914, the graduate school was
The 1920s were a time of expansion for the developing university. The
campus grew to include its first single-purpose academic building,
Canevin Hall, as well as a gymnasium and a central heating plant.
Institutionally, the school grew to include the School of Pharmacy in
1925, a School of Music in 1926, and a School of Education in 1929.
In 1928 the university celebrated its fiftieth anniversary and was
able to rejoice in the fact that it was now both financially solvent
and enrollment had reached an all-time high. Hard times, however, came
Wall Street Crash of 1929
Wall Street Crash of 1929 ; plans for expansion had to be
The beloved Fr. Hehir was succeeded in 1931 by Fr. J. J. Callahan .
Through Fr. Callahan was not as able an administration as Fr. Hehir,
his tenure did see the university add numerous new programs, a
short-lived School for the Unemployed, and, in 1937, the Nursing
School . The university's sports programs also thrived during the
Depression era, with some of the greatest triumphs of the basketball
and football teams occurring in that time period—a 6–0 football
defeat of Pitt in 1936 was a high point of student exuberance. A
university library was completed in 1940.
Some of the darkest years of the university's history passed during
World War II
World War II , when the university was led by the young Fr. Raymond
Kirk . The school's enrollment, which had been 3,100 in 1940, dropped
to an all-time low in the summer of 1944, with a mere one thousand
students enrolled. Fr. Kirk's health broke under the strain of
leading the school through such struggles, and he was relieved of his
duties by Fr.
Francis P. Smith
Francis P. Smith in 1946. After the war, the school
faced a wave of veterans seeking higher education. In contrast to the
lean war-time years, the 1949 enrollment peaked at 5,500, and space
became an issue. Fr. Smith took advantage of the
Lanham Act , which
allowed him to acquire three barracks-type buildings from Army
surplus. The science curriculum was expanded, and the School of
Business Administration saw its enrollment rise to over two thousand.
Also during this time, a campus beautification project was implemented
and WDUQ , Pittsburgh's first college radio station, was founded.
An ambitious campus expansion plan was proposed by Fr. Vernon F.
Gallagher in 1952. Assumption Hall, the first student dormitory, was
opened in 1954, and Rockwell Hall was dedicated in November 1958,
housing the schools of business and law. It was during the tenure of
Henry J. McAnulty that Fr. Gallagher's ambitious plans were put to
action. Between 1959 and 1980, the university renovated or constructed
various buildings to form the academic infrastructure of the campus.
Among these are College Hall, the music school and the library, as
well as a new Student Union and Mellon Hall, along with four more
dormitories. Although Fr. McAnulty's years as president saw tremendous
expansion, a financial crisis in 1970 nearly forced the closure of the
university. Students rallied to the cause, however, and set a goal of
raising one million dollars to "Save Duquesne University". Students
engaged in door-to-door fundraising and gathered nearly $600,000,
enough to keep Duquesne afloat until the end of the crisis in 1973.
It was also during Fr. McAnulty's time as president that Duquesne
University played an important role in the shaping of the Catholic
Charismatic Renewal , which has its roots in a retreat of several
faculty members and students held in February 1967.
McAnulty was succeeded by Fr.
Donald S. Nesti . Fr. Nesti's tenure in
the 1980s saw construction begin on the
A. J. Palumbo Center , which
was dedicated in 1988, as well as an expansion of the law school. It
was under the presidency of Dr.
John E. Murray, Jr. , the university's
first lay president, that the university developed into its modern
institutional and physical form. Between 1988 and 2001, the
University opened its first new schools in 50 years, including the
Rangos School of Health Sciences , the Bayer School of Natural and
Environmental Sciences , and the School of Leadership and Professional
Duquesne University continues to expand with its
completion of the Power Center, a mixed-use development project on
Forbes Avenue, and a new residence hall, which was completed in 2012.
INSIGNIA AND TRADITION
Duquesne University's coat of arms is carved in high relief
above Canevin Hall.
SEAL AND COAT OF ARMS
Duquesne University coat of arms was modified from that of the
family of its namesake, the Marquis du Quesne. A red book was added to
adapt the arms of a French governor to that of a university. The coat
of arms was designed by a
Spiritan father and alumnus, Father John F.
Malloy. They were then examined and partly revised by Pierre de
Chaignon la Rose , a prominent ecclesiastical heraldic artist at the
time. The design was adopted early in 1923 and used for the first time
carved in high relief above Canevin Hall, then under construction. The
first time the arms were incorporated into the seal of the university
was for the commencement program of 1926.
The formal heraldic blazon of the arms is as follows: Argent, a lion
sable armed and langued gules holding a book of the same edged or; on
a chief party per pale azure and of the third, a dove displayed of the
first, areoled of the fourth; motto, "Spiritus est qui vivificat."
Joseph Carl Breil , class of 1888, notable as being the first
person to compose a score specifically for a motion picture, also
composed the music for Duquesne University's alma mater. Father John
F. Malloy, who also designed the university coat of arms, wrote the
lyrics. The first performance of the song was in October 1920. Alma
Mater, old Duquesne, guide and friend of our youthful days. We, thy
sons and daughters all, our loyal voices raise. The hours we spent at
thy Mother knee and drank of wisdom's store Shall e'er in mem'ry
treasured be, tho' we roam the whole world o'er. Then forward ever,
dear Alma Mater, o'er our hearts unrivaled reign. Onward ever, old
Alma Mater! All hail to thee, Duquesne!
Duquesne University class ring was first adopted in the 1920s,
the same decade as the seal and alma mater. The first incarnation was
approved by a 1925 student committee, and was an "octagonal deep blue
stone held in place by four corner prongs." Two years later, another
student committee replaced the blue stone with a synthetic ruby . The
ring's design continued to evolve until 1936, as the prongs were
replaced with a continuous metal bezel. The words "Duquesne",
"University", and "Pittsburgh", accompanied the graduation year around
the four sides of the bezel, and the shank on both sides was decorated
with a motif adapted from the university's coat of arms. Originally an
option, the embossed gold Gothic initial "D" became standard in the
late 1930s. The Duquesne alumni website notes, "The golden initial,
oversized stone and octagonal shape make the Duquesne ring stand out
from those of other colleges and universities."
An old postcard image of Duquesne's campus shows the Old Main
building, the university chapel, and Canevin Hall.
Duquesne University has more than tripled in size from its early
12.5-acre (50,590 m2) site on Boyd's Hill to its present 49-acre
(198,300 m2) main campus in Pittsburgh's Uptown neighborhood . Of the
31 buildings that make up the Bluff campus, several are recent
constructions or renovations, including a health sciences facility
(Rangos Hall), two recording studios, two parking garages, a
multipurpose recreation center (Power Center), and a theater-classroom
complex (Bayer Hall).
The "Old Main" Administration Building was the first structure to be
constructed on campus. The
Victorian Gothic structure is still used to
house the administrative offices of the University. Canevin Hall,
named after bishop of
Regis Canevin , was constructed in
1922 and is the oldest classroom building on campus; it was renovated
in 1968 and again in 2009. These two buildings, as well Bayer Hall,
the Richard King Mellon Hall of Science (designed by Ludwig Mies van
der Rohe ), and the Victorian Laval House, are at the west end of
Academic Walk, a thoroughfare that provides pedestrian-only access to
most of the campus, including the Student Union. The Union, which
houses meeting rooms, three dining facilities, a
Starbucks , a PNC
branch, a recreation center, and an art gallery, is the center of
campus life and student activities. Located on the northern side of
campus is the
Gumberg Library , a five-story structure opened in 1978
and holding extensive print and electronic collections.
Forbes And Fifth Avenue Expansion
The newest campus construction is the Power Center, named in honor of
William Patrick Power
William Patrick Power , the University's first president. The
multipurpose recreation facility on
Forbes Avenue between Chatham
Square and Magee Street, across from the University's Forbes Avenue
entrance, adds to the student fitness facilities on campus. Other
spaces include a Barnes "> The McAnulty College and Graduate School
of Liberal Arts building borders Duquesne's Academic Walk.
Duquesne has a total student enrollment of 10,368 undergraduate and
graduate students. The University has grown to comprise nine schools
and other institutions, offering degree programs at the baccalaureate,
professional, masters and doctoral levels in 189 academic programs. It
is the only
Spiritan institution of higher education in the world,
and hosts international students from more than eighty different
countries. The following institutions, along with their dates of
founding, comprise Duquesne University:
McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts (1878)
Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences (formally split
from College of Arts and Sciences in 1994)
* Duquesne School of Law (1911)
* A.J. Palumbo School of Business Administration (1913)
Mylan School of Pharmacy
Mylan School of Pharmacy (1925)
Mary Pappert School of Music
Mary Pappert School of Music (1926)
* School of Education (1929)
* School of Nursing (1937)
Rangos School of Health Sciences (1990)
The Duquesne Towers building houses 1,200 students
More than 3,600 students live at
Duquesne University in five
residence halls and one apartment complex. Assumption Hall, built in
the 1950s, was the first residential hall on Duquesne's campus, and
can accommodate 300 residents. Freshman dormitories include St. Ann's
Hall and St. Martin's Hall, which were opened in the 1960s. The
largest dormitory facility is Duquesne Towers, which houses 1,200
students, including Greek organizations. Other facilities include
Vickroy Hall, built in 1997, and Brottier Hall, which was formerly an
apartment complex before its purchase by the university in 2004.
On March 10, 2010, the university announced plans to construct a new
residence hall. The need for a new residence hall was explained in a
news release as being as the result of "retention rates well above
national averages and a desire voiced by students to remain on campus
during their junior and senior years". The new hall was constructed
on the former site of Des Places Hall, an academic building named
Claude Poullart des Places , the founder of the Spiritan
congregation. The hall retained its name and was opened for the fall
Duquesne University hosts more than 150 student organizations,
including 19 fraternities and sororities . Media organizations include
a student radio station, WDSR (Duquesne Student Radio). Founded in
1984, it broadcasts solely through the Internet streaming audio .
Other student media organizations include
The Duquesne Duke campus
newspaper and L'Esprit Du Duc, the University's yearbook. Duquesne
also hosts a Student Government Association, a student-run Program
Council, a Commuter Council, a representative Residence Hall
Association, an Interfraternity Council, Panhellenic Council, the
Knights of Columbus , and numerous departmental Honor Societies.
The Duquesne Student Union is home to student life offices, a
ballroom, dining facilities, and a
Fraternities on campus include Alpha Delta ,
Alpha Epsilon Pi
Alpha Epsilon Pi , Alpha
Phi Delta ,
Alpha Tau Omega
Alpha Tau Omega ,
Delta Chi ,
Delta Sigma Pi , Gamma Phi
(a local fraternity formed at Duquesne in 1916),
Iota Phi Theta , Phi
Kappa Theta ,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon ,
Sigma Nu ,
Sigma Tau Gamma , and
Tau Kappa Epsilon . Sororities include
Alpha Gamma Delta , Alpha
Omicron Pi ,
Alpha Phi ,
Alpha Sigma Tau ,
Delta Zeta , Gamma Phi Beta
Sigma Kappa , and
Zeta Tau Alpha . Most Duquesne chapters have
suites or wings on campus, in the Duquesne Towers building, although
there are some chapters on campus that are not housed.
Duquesne is the home of the Tamburitzans , the longest-running
multicultural song and dance company in the United States. Their
shows feature an ensemble of talented young folk artists dedicated to
the performance and preservation of the music, songs, and dances of
Eastern Europe and neighboring folk cultures. The performers are
full-time students who receive substantial scholarship awards from the
university, with additional financial aid provided by Tamburitzans
Scholarship Endowment Funds.
Mary Pappert School of Music
Mary Pappert School of Music hosts in-house and guest performers
on a regular basis. Many music school ensembles also perform at
Carnegie Music Hall in Oakland. Instrumental ensembles include the
Symphony Orchestra (conductor Jeffrey Turner), the Wind Symphony
(conductor Robert Cameron) and Symphony Band (conductor H. Carl Hess),
the Contemporary Ensemble (conductor David Cutler), the Jazz Bands
Sean Jones (trumpeter) and Mike Tomaro) and many other
chamber groups. Vocal Ensembles include the Opera Workshop (director
Guenko Guechev),the Voices of Spirit (conductor Christine Jordanoff)
and the Pappert Women's and Men's chorales. Performances are regular
for each ensemble, and tours abroad are common for many.
The University also maintains three theater groups: the Red Masquers
, Spotlight Musical Theatre Company, and the Medieval and Renaissance
Players. The Masquers annually perform three main-stage plays ,
generally one classical, one modern, and one contemporary. In
addition, the group performs two sets of one-act plays . "Premieres",
which are student-written, are performed in the winter, while in the
spring "One Acts for Charity" are selected from the works of
professional playwrights. In recent years, the company has also
participated in the
Pittsburgh Monologue Project. Spotlight is a
musical theatre company that produces two full-length Broadway
musicals each year. The Renaissance and Medieval Players offer
audiences a historical Medieval experience , performing religious
plays, morality plays , and farces from the English Medieval and Early
Renaissance periods, sometimes working in conjunction with the Red
Duquesne Dukes play varsity football, men's and women's
basketball, men's and women's cross country , men's and women's
soccer, women's swimming, men's and women's tennis, men's and women's
outdoor track and field, women's indoor track and field, women's
lacrosse , women's rowing , and women's volleyball at the National
Collegiate Athletic Association Division I level and in either the
Atlantic 10 Conference or the
Northeast Conference (football only).
In recent years, Duquesne football was a member of the
NCAA Division I
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference . Duquesne has a club ice hockey
team that plays in the
College Hockey Mid-America conference — part
American Collegiate Hockey Association
American Collegiate Hockey Association Division I ranks.
The fight song for Duquesne is Victory Song (Red and Blue).
Duquesne was the first university in
Pennsylvania to receive the EPA
's Energy Star Combined Heat and Power Award for its natural gas
turbine located on campus. Duquesne also uses an innovative ice
cooling system that cools buildings and reduces peak energy demand.
Duquesne's new Power Center facility has also achieved a LEED Silver
Rating. Duquesne also has a specialized MBA with a focus on
sustainability. Furthermore, Duquesne's Center for Environmental
Research and Education (CERE) offers undergraduate and graduate
degrees in environmental science and management. Duquesne has been
evaluated by the 2009 and 2010 College Sustainability Report Card.
Like many US universities,
Duquesne University has faced criticism
for what has been described as hire-and-fire treatment of academics
not on tenure track . Adjunct faculty have complained that they are
paid approximately $12,000 annually for full-time work without the
right to receive or buy into benefits or healthcare, and with the risk
of their anticipated work being terminated with as little as two
weeks' notice. Following concern that any complaints to
administrators could lead to adjunct professors being dismissed ,
adjunct faculty have sought to unionize by joining the United
Steelworkers union . Particular criticism was applied to the
university after the death of
Margaret Mary Vojtko , an adjunct who
was removed by campus police from her office, where she had been
sleeping as she could not afford to heat her house while paying for
chemotherapy. On a contract that did not pay for insurance, her pay
had recently been cut by approximately a third.
The University has resisted attempts by adjunct faculty to join
unions, arguing that its academic staff are exempt from employee
rights due to its status as a religious institution. Former university
president Charles Dougherty suggested that unionization "could lead to
the compromise or loss of our Catholic and
List of Duquesne University people
Duquesne University's Institutional Research and Planning records
list over 79,000 living alumni, and the School of Law reports that
almost 30 percent of the practicing lawyers in western Pennsylvania
are graduates of Duquesne.
Duquesne has many alumni in the media and sports fields. These
include John Clayton , a writer and reporter for ESPN; actor Tom
Atkins ; and Terry McGovern , the television actor, radio personality,
voice-over specialist, and acting instructor. German filmmaker Werner
Herzog attended Duquesne, but did not graduate. Sports personalities
Leigh Bodden ,
Chip Ganassi , Mike James , baseball hall-of-famer
Cumberland Posey , and Chuck Cooper , the first African-American
basketball player to be drafted in the NBA , all graduated from
Duquesne, as did both the founder and current owner of the Pittsburgh
Steelers , Art and
Dan Rooney . Singer
Bobby Vinton , MLB pitcher Joe
Beimel , and big-band composer
Sammy Nestico are also alumni. Norm
Nixon , who holds the all-time assist record for the Duquesne Dukes,
played for the
Los Angeles Lakers . Philadelphia 76ers point guard TJ
McConnell spent two years playing for the Dukes.
Duquesne has graduated at least two bishops and two cardinals in the
Roman Catholic Church, including Bishops
Vincent Leonard , the current
ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of
David Zubik ,
Daniel DiNardo and
Adam Maida . Figures in politics
Donald A. Bailey , Father James Cox , former Director of the
CIA General Michael V. Hayden , former Lieutenant Governor of
Catherine Baker Knoll ,
Pennsylvania Representative Bud
Shuster , and United States ambassadors
Thomas Patrick Melady and Art
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