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A dungeon crawl is a type of scenario in fantasy role-playing games in which heroes navigate a labyrinthine environment (a "dungeon"), battling various monsters, and looting any treasure they may find. Because of its simplicity, a dungeon crawl can be easier for a gamemaster to run than more complex adventures, and the "hack and slash" style of play is appreciated by players who focus on action and combat. The term can be used in a pejorative sense, since dungeon crawls often lack meaningful plot or logical consistency. The parody game Munchkin is about "the essence of the dungeon experience… Kill the monsters, steal the treasure, stab your buddy."[1] The first computer-based dungeon crawl was pedit5, developed in 1975 by Rusty Rutherford on the PLATO interactive education system based in Urbana, Illinois. Although this game was quickly deleted from the system, several more like it appeared, including dnd and Moria. Some distinguish "dungeon crawlers" from rogue-likes and RPGs with stories and character-interaction, while others use the term to describe any game which features ample amounts of dungeon exploration (including Zork, Zelda and tabletop RPGs). More recently the term has especially included 1st person RPGs, particularly ones which are aligned to a grid system and can be mapped on graph paper.

Contents

1 Dungeons & Dragons 2 Video games

2.1 First-person party-based dungeon crawlers 2.2 Instance dungeon

3 See also 4 References

Dungeons & Dragons[edit] Dungeon crawls in the role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons were influenced by J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit
The Hobbit
and The Lord of the Rings, the Lankhmar short stories by Fritz Leiber, and by the "Cugel" stories from the Dying Earth books by Jack Vance.[2] According to Gary Gygax
Gary Gygax
(in an interview with Dungeon #112), the first dungeon crawl was part of a wargame in which the invading force entered the enemy's castle through a former escape tunnel dug from the fortress's dungeon. The group had so much fun with this scenario that it was repeated over and over with increasingly complex dungeons until the wargame aspect of the game was dropped in favor of exploring the dungeon. For pen and paper role-playing games, visual aids such as maps, models, or miniature figures are often used to represent the landscape of a dungeon crawl. Video games[edit]

An in-game screenshot from Legend of Grimrock
Legend of Grimrock
a real-time, first person view, tile-based dungeon crawler in the style of Dungeon Master.[3] In the center of the image, view into the Dungeon. On the right the open inventory of a party member.

Crawl, Powerhoof.

Due to their potential for simplicity and the limited expectations most players have for plot and logical consistency in dungeon crawls, they are fairly popular in role-playing video games.[citation needed] The roguelike genre is a common and typical example, with endless procedurally generated dungeon terrain and randomly placed monsters and treasures scattered throughout. The 1980s may[weasel words] be seen as the "golden era" of this form of game.[citation needed] Games like Wizardry, The Bard's Tale, Cosmic Soldier, Might and Magic, Megami Tensei, Phantasy Star, Dungeon Master, Madou Monogatari and Gauntlet set the standards, while the primitive graphics were actually conducive to this style, due to the need for repetitive tiles or similar-looking graphics to create effective mazes. Some dungeon crawlers from this era also employed action role-playing game combat, such as Dragon Slayer and The Tower of Druaga.[citation needed] Variations on the dungeon crawl trope can be found in other genres. Recent years have seen a modest resurgence in their popularity, particularly in Japan, largely due to the success of the Etrian Odyssey series by Atlus.[4] First-person party-based dungeon crawlers[edit]

Example of a hand-drawn dungeon map

This subgenre consists of RPGs where the player leads a party of adventurers in first-person perspective, typically in a grid-based environment. Examples include the aforementioned Wizardry, Might and Magic and Bard's Tale series; as well as the Etrian Odyssey
Etrian Odyssey
and Elminage
Elminage
series. Games of this type are also known as "blobbers", since the player moves the entire party around the playing field as a single unit, or "blob".[5][6] Most "blobbers" are turn-based, but some games such as the Dungeon Master, Legend of Grimrock
Legend of Grimrock
and Eye of the Beholder series are played in real-time. Early games in this genre lack an automap feature, forcing players to draw their own maps in order to keep track of their progress. Spatial puzzles are common, and players may have to, for instance, move a stone in one part of the level in order to open a gate in another part of the level.[citation needed] Instance dungeon[edit] In massively multiplayer online games, an instance is a special area, typically a dungeon, that generates a new copy of the location for each group, or for certain number of players, that enters the area.[7] Instancing, the general term for the use of this technique,[7] addresses several problems encountered by players in the shared spaces of virtual worlds. See also[edit]

video games portal

Role-playing game
Role-playing game
terms Roguelike Telengard

References[edit]

^ "The World of Munchkin". worldofmunchkin.com.  ^ DeVarque, Aardy. "Literary Sources of D&D". Archived from the original on July 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-23.  ^ Edge Staff (2012-04-12). "Legend Of Grimrock review". Edge. Retrieved 2012-05-09. Legend Of Grimrock isn't a love letter to Dungeon Master, the 1987 blend of subterranean exploration, survival, switches and traps. It's a near-facsimile. But that's not a fact Almost Human is trying to hide; it's the selling point. Legend Of Grimrock replicates a classic faithfully enough to massage the nostalgia glands of anyone who played the original, and it's a test of the timelessness of an almost universally loved game.  ^ Parish, Jeremy (2011-09-15). "TGS: Beyond the Labyrinth
Labyrinth
is Beautiful But Puts the "Crawl" in "Dungeon-Crawler." (Nintendo 3DS) - Konami's new 3DS RPG is probably too specific to Japanese tastes to come to the U.S." 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2011.  ^ Cobbett, Richard (December 5, 2016). "The RPGs of 2017". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 2017-05-22.  ^ Pepe, Felipe (June 25, 2015). "CRPG History Abridged - 21 RPGs that brought something new to the table". Gamasutra. UBM. Retrieved 2017-05-22.  ^ a b Simon Carless (2004). Gaming hacks. O'Reilly Media. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-596-00714-0. A term used to describe a private portion of a gameworld created just for an individual or group of players. 

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Video game genres (List)

Action

Beat 'em up

Hack and slash

Fighting Maze

Pac-Man clone

Platform Shooter

First-person Third-person Side-scrolling Top-down isometric Light gun Shoot 'em up Tactical

Survival

Battle royale

Action-adventure

Grand Theft Auto clone Immersive sim Metroidvania Stealth Survival horror

Psychological horror

Adventure

Escape the room Interactive fiction Interactive movie Point n' click Visual novel

MMO

MMOFPS MMORPG MMORTS MUD

Role-playing

Action role-playing Dungeon crawl Roguelike Tactical role-playing

Simulation

Construction and management

Business City Government

Life simulation

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Sports

Strategy

4X Multiplayer online battle arena Real-time strategy

Tower defense Time management

Real-time tactics Turn-based strategy Turn-based tactics Wargame

Vehicle simulation

Flight simulator

Amateur Combat Space

Racing

Kart racing Sim racing

Submarine simulator Train simulator Vehicular combat

Other genres

Artillery Breakout clone Eroge Exergame Incremental Music

Rhythm

Non-game Party Programming Puzzle

Sokoban Tile-matching

Related concepts

Advertising Arcade game Art game Audio game Casual game Christian game Crossover game Cult game Educational game FMV Gamification Indie game Multiplayer video game Nonlinear gameplay

Open world

Nonviolent video game Online game

Browser game Multiplayer online game Online gambling Social network game

Pervasive game Serious game Toys-to-life Twitch gamepla

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