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Dungannon
Dungannon
(from Irish: Dún Geanainn, meaning "Geanann's stronghold")[2] is a town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is the third-largest town in the county (after Omagh
Omagh
and Strabane) and had a population of 15,889 at the 2011 Census. The Dungannon
Dungannon
and South Tyrone Borough Council had its headquarters in the town, though since 2015 it has been covered by Mid- Ulster
Ulster
District Council. For centuries, it was the 'capital' of the O'Neill dynasty, who dominated most of Ulster
Ulster
and built a castle on the hill. After the O'Neills' defeat in the Nine Years' War, the English founded a plantation town on the site, which grew into what is now Dungannon. Dungannon
Dungannon
has won Ulster
Ulster
in Bloom's Best Kept Town Award five times. It currently has the highest percentage of immigrants of any town in Northern Ireland.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Troubles

2 Demography 3 2011 Census 4 Places of interest 5 Geography

5.1 Townlands

6 Economy 7 Schools 8 Transport

8.1 Former railways

9 Notable people 10 Sport

10.1 Cricket 10.2 Football 10.3 Gaelic games 10.4 Golf 10.5 Hare coursing and greyhound racing 10.6 Rugby

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] For centuries, Dungannon's fortunes were closely tied to that of the O'Neill dynasty
O'Neill dynasty
which ruled a large part of Ulster
Ulster
until the 17th century. Dungannon
Dungannon
was the clan's main stronghold. The traditional site of inauguration for 'The O'Neill', was Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
Fort, an Iron Age mound some four miles northeast of Dungannon. The clan O'Hagan were the stewards of this site for the O'Neills. In the 14th century the O'Neills built a castle on what is today known as Castle Hill; the location was ideal for a fort as it was one of the highest points in the area, and dominated the surrounding countryside with the ability to see seven counties depending on the weather. This castle was burned in 1602 by Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone
Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone
as Crown forces under Lord Mountjoy closed in on the Gaelic lords towards the end of the Nine Years' War. In 1607, ninety-nine Irish chieftains and their followers, including Hugh O'Neill, set sail from Rathmullan, bound for the continent. What followed became known as the Plantation of Ulster
Ulster
and the town and its castle were granted to Sir Arthur Chichester, one of the architects of the plantation.[citation needed] In 1641 after seizing the town in the opening stages of the Irish Rebellion, Sir Phelim O'Neill
Phelim O'Neill
issued the Proclamation of Dungannon
Proclamation of Dungannon
in which the rebels set out their aims and proclaimed their loyalty to Charles I. O'Neill hinted that they had been ordered to rise by the King and later produced a commission which he claimed Charles had issued to him.[citation needed]

Dungannon's Visitor Centre, Ranfurly House, at the top of Market Square. Castle Hill is behind it.

The castle was partially excavated in October 2007, by the Channel 4 archaeological show Time Team, uncovering part of the moat and walls of the castle. In 1973, the town became the seat of the new district of the Dungannon
Dungannon
and South Tyrone Borough Council. In 1782, the town was the location where the independence of the Irish Parliament was declared by members of the Protestant Ascendancy
Protestant Ascendancy
who controlled the parliament at the time.[3] The Troubles[edit] Main article: The Troubles
The Troubles
in Dungannon In the late 1960s, Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
was plunged into an ethno-political conflict known as the Troubles. During the conflict almost 50 people were killed in and around Dungannon,[4] and there were many bombings in the town. The deadliest attack in the town was on 17 March 1976, when a loyalist car bomb attack on the Hillcrest Bar killed four Catholic
Catholic
civilians.[citation needed] On 24 August 1968, the Campaign for Social Justice (CSJ), the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA), and other groups, held Northern Ireland's first civil rights march from Coalisland
Coalisland
to Dungannon. The rally was officially banned, but took place and passed off without incident. The publicity surrounding the march encouraged other groups to form branches of NICRA.[5] Demography[edit] Dungannon
Dungannon
is classed as a large town and had a population of 15,889 at the time of the 2011 census. It has a larger share of immigrants [clarification needed]than any town in Northern Ireland.[6] Immigrants make up about 11% of its population; more than twice the average. Between 2001 and 2011, the number of immigrants in Dungannon
Dungannon
increased tenfold; the biggest increase of any town.[6] Many came to work in the local food processing plants. There have been several attacks on immigrants[7] and clashes between rival groups of immigrants[8] in the area. The population of the town increased slightly overall during the 19th century:[9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891

Population 3,801 3,854 3,994 3,886 4,084 3,812

Houses 675 686 720 727 812 830

2011 Census[edit] On Census day in 2011:

64.8% were from a Catholic
Catholic
background and 30.5% were from a Protestant background

Places of interest[edit] An interesting feature of the town is the former police barracks at the top right-hand corner of the market square which is quite unlike any other barracks of a similar vintage in Ireland. A popular but apocryphal story relates that the unusual design of this building is due to a mix-up with the plans in Dublin
Dublin
which meant Dungannon
Dungannon
got a station designed for the Nepal
Nepal
and they got a standard Irish barracks, complete with a traditional Irish fireplace. Dungannon
Dungannon
Park is a seventy-acre oasis centred round an idyllic still-water lake, with miles of pathways and views of the surrounding townland.[11][12] Geography[edit] Dungannon
Dungannon
is in the southeast of County Tyrone, within the historic barony of Dungannon Middle
Dungannon Middle
and the civil parish of Drumglass.[13] The town grew up around a hill, known locally as Castle Hill. There are three small lakes on the southern edge of town, the biggest of which is Black Lough. There are also two parks in the eastern part of town: Dungannon
Dungannon
Park and Windmill Park. Surrounding settlements include Moygashel
Moygashel
(a village at the southern edge of Dungannon), Coalisland
Coalisland
(to the northeast), Donaghmore (to the northwest), Eglish (to the south) and Castlecaulfield
Castlecaulfield
(to the west).[citation needed] Townlands[edit] Dungannon
Dungannon
sprang up in a townland called Drumcoo. Over time, the urban area has spread into the neighbouring townlands. Many of its roads and housing estates are named after them. The following is a list of these townlands and their likely etymologies:[14][15]

Ballynorthland Park Ballysaggart (from Irish: Baile Sagairt, meaning "homestead of the priest") Coolhill (from Cúlchoill meaning "the back woods") Drumcoo (from Druim Cuaiche meaning "ridge of the cuckoo") Drumharriff (from Druim Thairbh meaning "ridge of the bull") Gortmerron (from Gort Mearain meaning "Merron's field") Killymaddy (from Coill na Madaí meaning "wood of the dogs") Killymeal (from Coill na Maoile meaning "wood of the bald/hornless cow") Lisnaclin (from Lios na Clinge meaning "ringfort of the bell chime") Lisnahull (from Lios na hOlna meaning "ringfort of the wool") Lurgaboy (from Lurga Buí meaning "yellow shin" i.e. shin-shaped hill) Mullaghadun (from Mullach a' Dúin meaning "hilltop of the fort") Mullaghanagh (from Mullach Eanach meaning "marshy hilltop") Mullaghconor (from Mullach Chonchobhair meaning "Conchobhair's hilltop") Mullaghmore (from Mullach Mór meaning "big hilltop")

Economy[edit]

Tyrone Crystal
Tyrone Crystal
building in Dungannon
Dungannon
(2008)

The economy of Dungannon
Dungannon
has evolved from agriculture and linen production dominating the landscape to food and light engineering being the main industrial employers.[citation needed] A well-known crystal glass producer was Tyrone Crystal. Schools[edit]

Primary

Aughamullan (Holy Family) Primary School (RC) Bush Primary School Clintyclay Primary School Derrylatinee Primary School (RC) Donaghey Controlled Primary School Dungannon
Dungannon
Primary School Killyman
Killyman
Primary School Laghey Primary School (RC) Lisfearty Primary School Newmills
Newmills
Primary School Orchard County Primary School (amalgamation of Annaghmore and Tullyroan primary schools) St Mary's Primary School St Patrick's Primary School Tamnamore
Tamnamore
Primary School Walker Memorial Primary School Windmill Integrated Primary School

Secondary

Royal School Dungannon Integrated College Dungannon St Patrick's Academy, Dungannon[16] Drumglass High School St Patricks's College, Dungannon

Transport[edit] Dungannon
Dungannon
is linked to the M1 motorway, which runs from the southeast of the town to Belfast. There is an Ulsterbus
Ulsterbus
town bus service that runs daily that serves the town's suburbs.[17] Usually operated by the Optare Solo
Optare Solo
buses. The nearest railway station is Portadown
Portadown
on Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Railways. Former railways[edit] The Irish gauge
Irish gauge
1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) Portadown, Dungannon
Dungannon
and Omagh
Omagh
Junction Railway (PD&O) linked the town with Portadown
Portadown
from 1858 and Omagh
Omagh
from 1861,[18] completing the Portadown – Derry
Derry
railway route that came to be informally called "The Derry Road".[19] The Great Northern Railway took over the PD&O in 1876[20] and built a branch line from Dungannon
Dungannon
to Cookstown
Cookstown
in 1879.[18] The GNR Board cut back the Cookstown
Cookstown
branch to Coalisland
Coalisland
in 1956[21] and the Ulster
Ulster
Transport Authority (UTA) closed the branch altogether in 1959.[21] In accordance with the Benson Report submitted to the Government of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
1963 the UTA closed the " Derry
Derry
Road" through Dungannon
Dungannon
in 1965.[21][22] The site of Dungannon
Dungannon
station is now a public park and the former trackbed through the station is now a greenway. Notable people[edit]

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Darren Clarke, professional golfer Thomas J. Clarke, the first signatory of the 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic; executed by the British authorities Michaella McCollum Connolly, criminal (convicted drugs smuggler)[23] Austin Currie, former member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and Dáil Éireann Richard Dowse
Richard Dowse
(1824–1890), judge Ryan Farquhar, motorcycle racer Fra Fee, film, stage actor Adrian Logan, television presenter Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, former British MP; Irish republican activist Gerry McGeough, Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
volunteer; prison escapee Gerry McKenna, MRIA, biologist, Vice President of the Royal Irish Academy, Vice Chancellor and President of University of Ulster[24][25] Kris Meeke, rally driver[26] Colin Morgan, actor Sister Nivedita (born Margaret Elizabeth Noble), India-based social worker, author, teacher and disciple of Swami Vivekananda U.S. Senator George T. Oliver and his brother, Pittsburgh industrialist Henry W. Oliver (both born in Dungannon
Dungannon
in the 1840s) Joanne Salley, television presenter Victor Sloan, artist Thomas Wilson Spence, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
lawyer and state politician Gareth Steenson, rugby union player Birdy Sweeney, actor Patrick Wallace, snooker player Geraldine McQueen, artist

Sport[edit]

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Cricket[edit] Dungannon
Dungannon
Cricket Club is the oldest sporting club in Dungannon
Dungannon
dating back to at least 1865. The club played continuously through to 1914 with a break from 1901-04 when Lord Ranfurly was Governor of New Zealand and there was no ground available until his return. The club became affiliated to the NCU in 1913 and played in the Junior Cup in 1913 and 1914 until the club was discontinued during the Great War. Attempts were made to reestablish the club after the war and this was done in 1929 and survived until 1933 when Lord Ranfurly died to again leave the club without a ground. Cricket was kept alive by the Royal School, Bankers and the RUC until 1939 when the Second World War broke out. The club was reformed in 1948 mainly due to the efforts of Eddie Hodgett and the NCU leagues in 1952 and continues to do so to the present time. The club has never quite reached senior cricket as it has limited resources and relies on the District Council for a ground. The club has played on at least five different locations during its existence. Home games are played at Dungannon
Dungannon
Park.[27] Football[edit] Dungannon Swifts F.C.
Dungannon Swifts F.C.
is the town's local team, which plays in the IFA Premiership, and is Tyrone's only representative in the league, following Omagh
Omagh
Town's collapse. The club represented Northern Ireland in European competition in 2005–06 and 2006-06. Gaelic games[edit] The town has also achieved much success in Gaelic games, Gaelic football and hurling. Dungannon
Dungannon
has produced many footballers, especially for the Tyrone County Team, who won the All-Ireland Gaelic Football Championship in 2003, 2005 and 2008.[citation needed] The local boys' Gaelic football
Gaelic football
club is Dungannon
Dungannon
Thomas Clarkes (Thomáis Uí Chléirigh Dún Geanainn) while the ladies' football team is Aodh a Ruadh. The local hurling club is Eoghan Ruadh Dungannon and the Camogie club is Naomh Treasa.[citation needed] Golf[edit] PGA tour golfer Darren Clarke
Darren Clarke
grew up in Dungannon, and was a member of Dungannon
Dungannon
Golf Club. The club is one of the oldest 18-hole courses in Northern Ireland, having been founded in 1890. Hare coursing and greyhound racing[edit] The local Hare Coursing Club has been in existence since the 1920s but the sport was popular in the area long before the formation of the club. With hare coursing currently banned in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
the Dungannon
Dungannon
club organises meetings in the Republic of Ireland.[citation needed] Greyhound racing was a popular sport in Dungannon
Dungannon
from the 1940s until the Oaks Park Greyhound Stadium finally closed in January 2003. Large crowds attended the weekly meetings on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays with visitors travelling from as far away as Dublin
Dublin
to enjoy the races.[28][29] Rugby[edit]

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Dungannon
Dungannon
was one of the first towns in Ireland to form a rugby club. Dungannon
Dungannon
Rugby FC's most recent success was sharing the Ulster
Ulster
Senior League title with Ballymena. They were also the first Ulster
Ulster
club to win the All Ireland League. The rugby club was founded in 1873 and was a founder member of the IRFU. Despite being a rugby union club since inception its official title is Dungannon
Dungannon
Football Club. See also[edit]

O'Neill dynasty Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
Fort Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(County Tyrone) List of towns and villages in Northern Ireland

References[edit]

^ Rathgannon is the translation used by Dungannon
Dungannon
and South Tyrone Borough Council. Dungannon, as in English, is also used by the North/South Ministerial Council. ^ "Dún Geanainn/Dungannon". Logainm.ie. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ 'Dungannon' from Britannica 2001 Deluxe Edition CD-ROM, 1999–2000. ^ CAIN, cain.ulst.ac.uk; accessed 17 June 2016. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict – 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 7 September 2014.  ^ a b "NI migrant population triples in decade, says study". BBC News. 26 June 2014. ^ "Politicians unite to condemn ‘racist’ sign in Moygashel", Tyrone Courier, 8 January 2014; accessed 7 September 2014. ^ "Loyalists blamed as racist attacks on migrants double in Ulster", The Guardian, 30 May 2006. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ Discover Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Dungannon
Dungannon
Park, Discovernorthernireland.com; accessed 25 September 2015. ^ Dungannon
Dungannon
Park – Tourist attraction in Dungannon
Dungannon
district, Inthedistrict.com; accessed 25 September 2015. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland
Townland
Database. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Placenames Project". Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010.  ^ "OSI Dungannon". Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved 2 July 2010.  ^ "Home". Stpatrickscollege-dungannon.net. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 October 2004. Retrieved 27 May 2010.  ^ a b Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 8. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2.  ^ FitzGerald, J.D. (1995). The Derry
Derry
Road. Colourpoint Transport. Gortrush: Colourpoint Press. ISBN 1-898392-09-9.  ^ Hajducki, op. cit., page xiii ^ a b c Hajducki, op. cit., map 39 ^ Baker, Michael H.C. (1972). Irish Railways since 1916. London, UK: Ian Allan. pp. 155, 209. ISBN 0711002827.  ^ Brennan, Colin (1 April 2016). "Michaella McCollum Connolly released from jail in Peru". Retrieved 4 July 2017.  ^ "Gerry McKenna". 2 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017 – via Wikipedia.  ^ "Professor P. G. (Gerry) McKenna". www.gerrymckenna.co.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2017.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009.  ^ " Dungannon
Dungannon
Cricket Club". Dungannoncricketonline.moonfruit.com. Retrieved 16 June 2016.  ^ "Dungannmon" (PDF). Greyhoundracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ Owen Bowcott. " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
bans hare coursing". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dungannon.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dungannon.

Dungannon
Dungannon
Enterprise Centre Dungannon
Dungannon
Life A Flavour of Tyrone – Dungannon

v t e

Towns in Northern Ireland

List of towns by population

Large

Antrim Ballymena Bangor Carrickfergus Coleraine Enniskillen Larne Lisburn Lurgan Newry Newtownabbey Newtownards Omagh Portadown

Medium

Armagh Banbridge Cookstown Craigavon Downpatrick Dundonald Dungannon Holywood Limavady Strabane

Small

Ballycastle Ballyclare Ballymoney Ballynahinch Carryduff Coalisland Comber Donaghadee Dromore Kilkeel Magherafelt Newcastle Portrush Portstewart Randalstown Warrenpoint

Italics denote settlements that are classed as towns but also have city status

v t e

Places in County Tyrone

List of places in County Tyrone

Towns

Coalisland Cookstown Dungannon Omagh Strabane

Villages and townlands

Altamuskin Altishane Altmore Ardboe Ardstraw Artigarvan Augher Aughnacloy Ballygawley Ballymagorry Ballymully Glebe Benburb Beragh Blackwatertown Brackaville Bready Brockagh Caledon Cappagh Carnteel Carrickmore Castlecaulfield Castlederg Clady Clanabogan Clogher Coagh Cranagh Creggan Derrycrin Derrylaughan Derrytresk Donaghmore Dooish Douglas Bridge Dromore Drumkee Drumnakilly Drumquin Dunnamanagh Dunnamore Edenderry Eglish Erganagh Eskra Evish Fintona Fivemiletown Galbally Garvaghey Garvetagh Gillygooly Glebe Glenmornan Gortaclare Gortin Granville Greencastle Kildress Killay Killen Killeter Killyclogher Killyman Kilskeery Knockmoyle Landahaussy Liscloon Loughmacrory Magheramason Moortown Mountfield Moy Moygashel Moylagh Mullaghmore Newmills Newtownstewart Plumbridge Pomeroy Rock Rousky Sandholes Seskinore Shanmaghery Sion Mills Sixmilecross Spamount Stewartstown Tamnamore Tattyreagh Trillick Tullyhogue Tullywiggan Victoria Bridge Washing Bay

Landforms

Ballysaggart Lough Beaghmore Black Bog Drum Manor Forest Park Glenelly Mountains of Pomeroy Sperrins Tullyhogue
Tullyhogue
Fort

Baronies

Clogher Dungannon
Dungannon
Lower Dungannon
Dungannon
Middle Dungannon
Dungannon
Upper Omagh
Omagh
East Omagh
Omagh
West Strabane
Strabane
Lower Strabane
Strabane
Upper

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United Kingdom
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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 242178

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