20,527  (2001 census)
est. 19,990 (2006)
OS grid reference
54 mi (87 km) E
356 mi (574 km) SSE
List of places
55°57′00″N 4°34′00″W / 55.95°N 4.566667°W /
55.95; -4.566667Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 4°34′00″W /
55.95°N 4.566667°W / 55.95; -4.566667
Dumbarton (/dʌmˈbɑːrtən/; from
Scottish Gaelic Dùn Breatann or
Dùn Breatainn, meaning 'fort of the Britons'
pronounced [t̪umˈpɾʲɛʰt̪ɪɲ]) is a town in West
Dunbartonshire, Scotland, on the north bank of the
River Clyde where
the River Leven flows into the Clyde estuary. In 2006, it had an
estimated population of 19,990.
Dumbarton was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Alclud, and later
the county town of Dunbartonshire.
Dumbarton Castle, on top of
Dumbarton Rock, dominates the area.
Dumbarton was a Royal burgh
between 1222 and 1975.
Dumbarton emerged from the 19th century as a centre for shipbuilding,
glassmaking, and whisky production. However these industries have
since declined, and
Dumbarton today is increasingly a commuter town
Glasgow 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast of it.
is the local football club.
Dumbarton is home to BBC Scotland's drama studios.
1.2 Levengrove Park
2 Geography and governance
4 Economy and transport
4.2 William Denny and Brothers
4.4 Other industries
5.3 Royal Scottish Pipe Band Championships
5.5 Overtoun House
6.1 The Early Church
6.2 The Celtic bishops of Alcluyd
6.3 The ‘crusader’ stone
6.4 Kilwinning Abbey
6.5 The Old Parish Kirk
6.6 The buildings and altars
6.6.1 The Parish Church Buildings
220.127.116.11 Proposed new church
6.7 1972 - Formation of Riverside Parish Church
6.7.1 Ministers since the formation of Riverside
6.8 Brief history of St. Patrick's RC Church
7 Notable people
8 See also
10 External links
Dumbarton history goes back at least as far as the
Iron Age and
probably much earlier. It was the site of a strategically important
Roman settlement known as Alcluith of a province named Valentia.
The next record of a settlement in
Dumbarton is a record in Irish
chronicles of the death of Guret, rex Alo Cluathe ("king of Clyde
Rock"), in AD 658.
Dumbarton Bridge over the River Leven was built in 1765 by
John Brown of Dumbarton, at the site of a ferry crossing. It was
constructed at the behest of the Duke of Argyll, who was anxious to
obtain access to
Glasgow from his estate at Rosneath. The bridge, with
five segmental arches with rounded cutwaters, resulted in the
Dumbarton to West Bridgend. It is now B-listed and was
refurbished in 2006.
The fortress of
Dumbarton was the stronghold of the kingdom of Alclud,
and the centre of British power in northern Britain, for more than two
centuries from the mid-seventh century, until the Vikings destroyed
the fortress after a four-month siege in 870. The loss of the British
power base led to the emergence of the new kingdom of Strathclyde, or
Cumbria, with a major centre at Govan. The title "king of the Britons
of Srath Clúade" was first used in 872.
Dumbarton was later the
county town of the county of Dunbartonshire, formerly known as
Dumbartonshire. The name comes from the
Scottish Gaelic Dùn Breatainn
meaning "fort of the Brythons (Britons)", and serves as a reminder
that the earliest historical inhabitants of Clydesdale spoke an early
form of the Welsh language.
In September 1605 Chancellor Dunfermline reported to King James VI
that inundations of the sea were likely to destroy and take away the
whole town. It was estimated that the flood defences would cost
30,000 pounds Scots, the cost being levied nationwide.
Hartfield House was completed in 1853.
World War II
World War II
Dumbarton was heavily bombed by the German air
force. The Germans were targeting the shipyards, and the area in the
vicinity of the yards was consequently hit, with Clyde and Leven
Street being severely damaged. In an attempt to lure the German
aircraft away from the shipyards, decoy lights were routinely placed
on the Kilpatrick hills above the town, lights were set out on
reservoirs to mimic those of the shipyards reflecting on the waters of
the Leven and Clyde. The ploy was sometimes successful in diverting
the bombers and many bombs fell harmlessly onto the moors and lochs.
Looking across the
River Clyde towards
Dumbarton Rock from the west
Dumbarton Castle sits on
Dumbarton Rock, a volcanic plug dating back
334 million years, at the east bank mouth of the River Leven, where it
flows into the Clyde estuary.
The Castle has an illustrious history and many well-known figures from
Scottish and British history have visited it. The castle was a royal
fortress long before
Dumbarton became a Royal Burgh; its ownership
went from Scottish to English and back again. The castle was an
important place during the Wars of Independence and was used to
William Wallace for a short time after his capture by the
English. It was from here that Mary, Queen of Scots, was conveyed to
France for safety as a child. Mary was trying to reach Dumbarton
Castle when she suffered her final defeat at Langside. In later times,
Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II visited the castle.
Dumbarton Rock is a Scheduled Ancient Monument; it has legal
protection in order to maintain and conserve the site for the future.
As such any sort of work on the rock is strictly regulated by the
Scottish Government and activities such as climbing on the rock are
forbidden. From the top of the castle can be seen both the River Clyde
and Leven Grove Park.
Levengrove Park itself was a gift to the town by the Denny and
McMillan families who owned shipbuilding companies with yards located
adjacent to the Castle. This was said to be not a purely philanthropic
act however; the American company Singer which is famous for the
manufacturing of sewing machines had earmarked the land as a potential
site for their factory which would eventually be built in nearby
Clydebank. Denny were in effect protecting their monopoly on the local
work-force. A grave site in the park sits as the resting place for the
viscera of former Scottish king Robert the Bruce. Removal of this
"viscera" for local burial was commonplace at the time, when a
person's remains were to be transported a long distance for their own
Geography and governance
Dumbarton's Civic Coat of Arms
A northwards view of
Dumbarton across the tidal River Clyde, with the
Ben Lomond visible to the right of
Dumbarton lent its name to a local government district in
Strathclyde region of Scotland. In 1996 the administrative
functions of this district transferred to the
West Dunbartonshire and
Argyll and Bute
Argyll and Bute unitary councils (see Subdivisions of Scotland).
Dumbarton town currently serves as the administrative centre of the
West Dunbartonshire authority.
There is a
Dumbarton constituency of the
Scottish Parliament and a
Dumbarton constituency of the House of Commons.
There are a number of distinct areas within the town:
Dumbarton East incl. Newtown
Two secondary schools are located in Dumbarton, namely Dumbarton
Academy and Our Lady & St Patrick's High School. The town is also
served by eight primary schools; Aitkenbar Primary, St. Michael's
Primary, Knoxland Primary, Braehead Primary, St. Peter's Primary, St.
Patrick's Primary and Dalreoch Primary.
Economy and transport
From the mid 18th century to the early 19th century Dumbarton's main
industry was glassmaking. As the glass industry declined the town
became a major centre for shipbuilding and remained so well into the
20th century. There were many shipbuilding yards, although a number of
them were later absorbed by larger yards. A great many ships were
built in the town, the most famous of which is probably the Cutty Sark
which was built by Scott & Linton, she was one of the final Tea
Clippers to be built, and one of the fastest. The ship is the last
survivor of its type and can be seen today at dry dock in Greenwich,
William Denny and Brothers
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Early side-lever engine designed by Robert Napier, from PS Leven
(1823), on display at the Scottish Maritime Museum
The last major
Dumbarton shipyard was
William Denny and Brothers
William Denny and Brothers which
closed in 1963, and the remaining smaller yards followed over the next
few decades. Until recently, the old Denny's shipyard tender The
Second Snark was still in use on the
Firth of Clyde
Firth of Clyde as a passenger
ferry and cruise boat. Denny's was an innovative company that had a
reputation for research and development; high pressure turbines and
hull stabilisation were two areas where they were highly respected.
They even built an early design of helicopter in 1909 and in their
final years they were involved in hovercraft development in the form
of the Denny D2 Hoverbus. A film clip of this vessel on its maiden
Oban exists in the Scottish Film Archive.
The last surviving part of the Denny's shipbuilding company is the
Denny Ship Model Experiment Tank which forms part of the Scottish
Maritime Museum. This was the first commercial ship model testing tank
built in the world and it retains many original features today: a
water tank as long as a football pitch, clay moulding beds for casting
wax model ship hulls and the original Victorian machinery used for
During the Second World War
Blackburn Aircraft were to produce
Sunderland flying boats from a factory adjacent to Denny's shipyard.
There is still a shipyard on the river Leven, Sandpoint Marina.
The 'Denny Club' was a local social club was named after Denny's
shipyard. The club closed down a number of years ago after running
into financial difficulties. The club was the sponsor of a local
amateur football team,
Dumbarton Amateurs, which subsequently changed
its name to Denny Amateurs due to the continuning sponsorhip and
support from the club. Denny Amateurs still play today, and has
recently developed a team for younger players in the area, 'Denny
Youth', and has provided the new team with strips and equipment along
with advice and support.
The skyline of
Dumbarton used to be dominated by the red-brick former
Ballantine's grain distillery.
Dumbarton town centre, 2006.
Whisky production also grew to become a major industry in the town. In
1936 Canadian distilling company Hiram Walker bought over the
Glasgow-based distiller George Ballantine & Son Ltd. In 1938 they
built a large whisky distillery on the river Leven (on the site of the
Archibald McMillan shipyard). As a result, the town became known as a
major centre of the whisky industry in the mid to late 20th century.
Hiram Walker itself was acquired by
Allied Breweries in 1988 to form
Allied Distillers, itself becoming part of
Allied Domecq before
eventually being taken over in 2005 by the French-based alcohol giant
Pernod Ricard. The large
Dumbarton distillery had been mothballed
since 2002 and not long after the Pernod-Ricard takeover the giant
red-brick buildings of the
Dumbarton 'Ballantine's' distillery which
had dominated the town for over sixty years were earmarked for
demolition and redevelopment, the remains of the distillery were
demolished throughout January and February 2017. The large bonded
warehouse complex to the east of the town and the bottling complex to
the north west were retained.
Other whisky related site closures such as the Inverleven distillery
which closed in 1991 and the J&B Scotch
Whisky bottling plant and
bond in the north of the town have contributed to the decline in
Dumbarton's importance to the drink industry. However part of the
J&B bond has found a new life as a film set for television
productions such as 'River City' and 'Still Game'.
Whisky became well known for the rather unusual
'security' guards used at their bonded warehouse complex at Dumbuck in
Dumbarton; these are a large flock of white Chinese geese that were
first introduced in 1959. Starting with just six individuals, this
has risen to close to 100 birds today. They have the nickname 'The
Scotch watch' and have been widely used in promotional material for
Ballantine's blended whisky. The geese are part of the
tradition of the facility, and are both a tourist attraction and
advertising icon. The Goosekeeper at the time (as of 1996) was
Arthur Carroll, but as of 1997 they have been replaced by CCTV
With the decline of the whisky industry,
Dumbarton is becoming more a
commuter town for those who work in nearby
Glasgow and other
locations. The Faslane naval base is a major employer for the area.
The Strathleven Industrial Estate near
Dumbarton was once the location
of several major manufacturers such as Burroughs (Adding Machines) and
Westclox. Technology overtook these companies and they closed down
with the loss of many jobs.
The estate has also been the home of Polaroid UK since 1965. This was
the largest Polaroid plant outside the USA and at its peak it employed
about 1800 people. Failing to recognise the impact of digital
photography was its downfall and while they still have a presence in
Dumbarton, less than 100 people are now employed there (mainly in the
manufacture of sunglass lenses). The generator supplier Aggreko plc
has had a facility in the town since the 1970s, in 2012 it opened a
new, larger facility at the former J&B plant.
Dumbarton is situated on the main A82 road, linking
Glasgow to the
western Scottish Highlands.
Dumbarton is a short distance from Balloch
pier, where cruises can be taken on Loch Lomond.
Dumbarton is also
served by three railway stations:
and Dalreoch railway station. All three stations are situated on the
North Clyde Line, which provides a direct link from Helensburgh in the
Glasgow Queen Street, to
Edinburgh Waverley in the east.
Your Radio, the local commercial radio station for West Dunbartonshire
is based in the town, having moved from
Clydebank in 2016.
The town has two local weekly newspapers, The Lennox Herald and The
Cheaper Insurance Direct Stadium in the shadow of
Dumbarton Rock, home
There were at one stage two league football clubs from the town,
Dumbarton Harp F.C.
Dumbarton Harp F.C. and
Dumbarton F.C. (Also known as 'Sons of the
Dumbarton F.C. are the only league club in
Dumbarton still in
operation, playing in the
Scottish Professional Football League
Scottish Professional Football League at
Scottish Championship level.
Dumbarton F.C. play home games at the
Dumbarton Football Stadium
(known since 2015[update] as the Cheaper Insurance Direct Stadium for
sponsorship reasons) adjacent to
Dumbarton Rock. They won the
1882–83 Scottish Cup and are five times runners-up.
Scottish League was formed in 1890 with
Dumbarton as founding
members. The first championship was shared between
Rangers, in the absence of a goal-difference rule to act as a
There are seven bowling clubs in Dumbarton: Brock Bowling Club, Dixon
Dumbarton BC, Dumbuck BC, Eastfield BC, Rock BC and Townend BC.
The town is the birthplace of the motor-racing driver Sir Jackie
Stewart OBE. He competed in
Formula One between 1965 and 1973, winning
three World Drivers' Championships. The Stewart Family owned and ran
the garage at Dumbuck in Milton to the East of the town, the Garage
later being taken over by Jackie's close friend John Lindsay.
The Royal Scottish Pipe Bands Championships, Dumbarton
Overtoun House is now an A-listed building.
Robert Burns was made freeman of Dumbarton. He refers to
Dumbarton in a letter written on 7 July 1787.
"... I have lately been rambling over by
Dumbarton and Inverary, and
running a drunken race on the side of
Loch Lomond with a wild
Highlandman; his horse, which had never known the ornaments of iron or
leather, zigzagged across before my old spavin’d hunter, whose name
is Jenny Geddes, and down came the Highlandman, horse and all, and
down came Jenny and my bardship; so I have got such a skinful of
bruises and wounds, that I shall be at least four weeks before I dare
venture on my journey to Edinburgh."
Dumbarton is also immortalised in the traditional Scottish song
Across the fields of bounding heather,
Dumbarton sounds the hour of pleasure;
The joy I know will know no measure,
When Johnnie kneels and kisses me. (one verse)
The song was recorded by the internationally renowned Midgies Ceilidh
Band at a live concert in Saint Augustine's Church in the towns High
Street. The chorus being sung by the audience of local people.
Novelist A. J. Cronin's maternal grandfather, Archibald Montgomerie,
owned a hat shop at 145 High Street.
Dumbarton is the birthplace of David Byrne, a Grammy Award, Academy
Award and Golden Globe-winning musician best known as the founding
member and principal songwriter of new wave band Talking Heads.
Glaswegian band Franz Ferdinand released a remix of their hit song,
"Take Me Out" called "
David Byrne Was Born in Dumbarton" which heavily
Talking Heads song, "Burning Down the House".
Royal Scottish Pipe Band Championships
Dumbarton since 2000, the Royal Scottish Pipe Band
Championships sees over 140 bands enter yearly, including
representatives from Sweden, Denmark,
Netherlands and Ireland. The
championships is one of the biggest and most prestigious pipe band
events in the world. Besides the pipe band championships there is a
Highland dancing competitions.
The Denny Civic Theatre is used by a number of local groups, including
Dumbarton People's Theatre.
Overtoun House is a mansion in the Scots Baronial style built on an
estate in the hills overlooking the town between 1859-1862 for a
wealthy chemical manufacturer originally from Glasgow, James
White. The house is reputed to be haunted. In 2005 the Overtoun
estate gained some notoriety as it was uncovered by a local journalist
that around fifty dogs had mysteriously jumped from the Overtoun
Bridge over Overtoun burn over the years, the topic caught the public
imagination and became the subject of a channel five documentary in
The following section is an extract from David Wilson's history of the
Dumbarton which appears on the website of Dumbarton:
Riverside Parish Church.
The Early Church
No one can be really certain when the Christian message first came to
Dumbarton. The ‘Dark Ages’, that period following the departure of
the Romans from Britain being but rarely, and often inaccurately,
recorded. What is certainly known is that
Dumbarton was the capital
city of an extensive Cymric (Britons) kingdom which stretched from
Glen Falloch southwards as far as modern Morecombe. The only westward
part of the land outwith the kingdom of
Strathclyde was the Galloway
The Celtic bishops of Alcluyd
To the Britons,
Dumbarton was known as Alcluyd, Alcluid, Alclwyd,
Alcluithe, Alclut, all meaning the Rock on the Clyde. To the Gaelic
speaking people of the kingdom of Dalriada (roughly corresponding to
modern Argyll) the town was known as Dunbretane, Dunbretan,
Dumbartane, and finally
Dumbarton (the fort of the Britons). The
Annals of Ulster contain one of the earliest references to a Christian
community in Dumbarton. In 314AD it records that three bishops
accompanied by a deacon represented Alcyuyd at a conference in Arles,
the former capital of Burgandy in south-east France. Throughout the
6th century frequent references to Alcluyd occur. Again in the Annals
of Ulster it is shown that bishops of the Celtic Church were taking
their name and style from Dumbarton, As an example, in 554AD the
Annals record the death of Cathul MacFergus, Bishop of Alcluyd. At
about the same date, in the Episcopus Britannorum, Kentigern, more
widely known as Mungo (‘the beloved’), is recorded as having gone
with his monks from
Glasgow to Alcluid, ‘where they laboured with
great diligence among the people’. In the 6th century Modwenna, an
Irish princess, endowed a chapel, dedicated to St Patrick, on the
south side of
Dumbarton Castle. Bede in the 7th century refers to
Alcluyd as a ‘well fortified city’.
The ‘crusader’ stone
One, perhaps conclusive, piece of evidence of a church on this site
was the discovery in 1848, when installing heating pipes under the
floor, of a grave stone featuring a cross and a sword. It lay
north/south and formed part of the flagged passage at the east end of
the church. Donald Macleod, the well-known local historian, concluded
that it appeared to belong to the Crusades period of history – the
late 11th or early 12th century. Aisle of churches have long been used
for burial and therefore a church must have stood here in the 11th
century. Certainly it would be reasonable to assume that when King
Alexander II granted royal burghal status in 1222 to ‘his new town
beside his castle at Dumbarton’, there was already a
Dumbarton Parish Church was ‘apportioned’ by Robert de Brus to
Kilwinning Abbey in 1320. The church was confirmed to the use of the
abbey by John, Bishop of
Glasgow in 1325 and by the Chapter of the
same in 1330. Papal confirmation followed in 1329 and 1332. It is
worth noting that burgh accounts show that both the parsonage and
vicarage ‘fruits’ still pertained to Kilwinning Abbey at the time
of the Reformation, indeed and rather inexplicably the records show
payments still being made to Spottiswoode of St Andrews, Commendator
of Kilwinning, years after the Reformation.
The Old Parish Kirk
Although we know little of the first church built of this site, it was
probably of the same size and structure as the ruins of Cardross
Parish Church in Levengrove Park, we know much more about the one the
present building replaced. The first entry in
Dumbarton burgh records
that refers to the Parish Church is dated 1372. It refers to a deed
engaging Patrick de Greym, heir to David de Greym (Dominus de Dundaff)
‘to support a chaplain of the rood altar in the parish church of
Dumbarton for the soul of Isabella Fleming’. ‘Quod Omnia de
The buildings and altars
This (second) church had a broad tower surmounted by a short spire and
weather cock. The ‘T’ shape at the east end was caused by 17th
century south transept enlargement of the burial vault of the Lords of
Kirkmichael which was paid for by Robert Semple of Fullwood and
Kirkmichael. Within the church were six altars, each with their own
chaplain; St James’, the Rood altar or the Holy Cross, St Peter’s,
St Ninian’s, St Sebastian’s and the altar of the Blessed Virgin
Mary. Town Council as patrons of the Parish Church
In 1617 Spttiswoode, Archbishop of St Andrews, Commendator of
Kilwinning Abbey, resigned the Parish Church of
Dumbarton along with
the patronage, vicarage, and manse in the hands of James VI, in order
that it might be conveyed to the Town Council. A charter dated 10 June
1618, granted under the great seal, conveyed to the provost and
baillies, Council and community of Dumbarton, the right of patronage,
manse etc. and confirmed Spottiswoode’s resignation. The terms of
the Charter were ratified by Act of Parliament in 1663. In view of the
above, an entry in the burgh records is puzzling – ‘8 January
1670, the thirds part of the year’s patronage payet to the treasurer
of the Abbacy of Kilwinning’.
The Parish Church Buildings
Proposed new church
On 9 January 1810 the heritors appeared at presbytery with proposals
for a new church. The total cost was estimated at £5,100 with £305
provided by the government in respect of accommodation for soldiers
garrisoned at the castle. The architect appointed was John Brash, a
then little known
Glasgow architect. His first plan was rejected by
the heritors as being too large and too decorative. Brash then
submitted plans which closely resembled Galston Parish Church which he
had already designed. The result was a dignified Georgian church. The
steeple is pedimented and on each corner of the gate piers one can see
urns that became Brash’s trademark, referred to by his fellow
architects as Brash’s ‘Indian clubs’. Yet these urns and the
‘pressed in’ portico relieves and in a way enhances the classical
severity of the front elevation. The interior with his horseshoe
balcony was a typical Presbyterian hall church of its time, the only
decoration the Presbyterian clock flanked by the burning bush insignia
of the Church of
Scotland and the burgh coat of arms. Lighting was at
first by candles, replaced by gas in 1832 and by electricity in 1912.
The original 1811 pulpit was a three ‘decker’ – minister,
reader/precentor and finally ‘repentant’s stool’.
Further information about the current church building can be found
1972 - Formation of Riverside Parish Church
Riverside was formed following the union of the Old Parish Church, the
North Church and the High Church. The sale of surplus buildings
facilitated the development of the impressive Halls complex in the
early 1970s and the refurbishment of the sanctuary. The complex now
boast 3 large multi-purpose halls; one with a stage, complete with a
sound & light system, a games hall and the large rear hall, marked
for a badminton court, which can be subdivided. There are a number of
smaller meeting rooms; a crèche, lounge, choir room, the church
office and vestry, refurbished kitchens, toilets and various stores
for the use of affiliated organisations.
Ministers since the formation of Riverside
To 1977 – James F. Dunn (translated to Coatbridge)
To 1977 – Finlayson Niven (died in 1977)
1978 to 84 – James F. Miller (translated to Dunblane, then to the
1985 to 2001 –
John B. Cairns (translated to Aberlady w/ Gullane)
2002 to 2010 – Robert J. Watt (retired to Dunfermline)
2010 to 2013 – Eleanor McMahon (translated to St Nicholas Cardonald)
2014 – Ian Johnson
Brief history of St. Patrick's RC Church
Mass had been celebrated in the
Dumbarton area from the 1800s. By 1830
there were 500 Catholics and seeing the need for a church, St Patrick
opened its doors; being the first post-Reformation Catholic church in
The foundation stone of the new church was laid in 1901 with the
formal opening on the 22 March 1903. The foundation stone of the tower
was laid on 27 June 1926 by the Archbishop Mackintosh. The new marble
side altars, the pulpit the altar rails, the organ, the mortuary
chapel, the tower and its carillon of 23 bells had all been completed
by the end of 1927 and with the erection of the Pieta on the marble
altar in the basement of the tower the two years' work was brought to
a successful termination.
Further details can be found here
David Byrne - Musician (Talking Heads)
Dayton Callie - Actor (Sons of Anarchy, Deadwood)
Marcus Campbell, snooker player
Zander Diamond - Football player (Aberdeen F.C., Oldham Athletic
A.F.C., Burton Albion F.C.)
Scott Duncan - Football player/manager
Mountstuart Elphinstone - Historian and civil servant.
Richard Gilmour, former bishop of Cleveland
Jimmy McCulloch - Musician (Paul McCartney and Wings, Thunderclap
Newman, Stone the Crows)
John McFall, politician
Eric Russell, England test cricketer
Jackie Stewart - Formula 1 racing driver
David Ward - Opera singer, known internationally for Wagner and Verdi
List of places in West Dunbartonshire
Mountstuart Elphinstone, historian and civil servant from Dumbarton
Scotch watch (geese)
^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland".
Gaelicplacenames.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
^ Andy Eagle (2003-02-27). "The Online Scots Dictionary".
Scots-online.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
^ "Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots".
Scotslanguage.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
^ "Comparative Population Profile:
Dumbarton Locality". Scotland's
Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
^ a b "Publications and Data". General Record Office for Scotland.
Archived from the original on 16 September 2009.
^ "Scottish Parliament: Placenames collected by Iain Mac an Tailleir"
^ "Vision of Britain". Archived from the original on 30 March 2009.
Retrieved 4 March 2008.
^ Irving, Joseph (1860). The History of Dumbartonshire, Civil,
Ecclesiastical, and Territorial: With Genealogical Notices of the
Principal Families in the County: the Whole Based on Authentic
Records, Public and Private. p. 16.
^ "Annals of Ulster".
^ Charles-Edwards, T. M. (2013). Wales and the Britons 350-1064.
Oxford University Press. pp. 480–481.
^ Chambers, Robert (1885). Domestic Annals of Scotland.
Edinburgh : Chambers. p. 183.
^ "Dumbarton, Latta Street, Drill Hall". Canmore. Retrieved 27 June
^ "Burying the Bruce :
Scotland Magazine Issue 47".
Scotlandmag.com. 2009-10-16. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
^ "Sandpoint Marina".
^ a b c d e f "Story of the Scotch Watch". Suntory.co.jp. Retrieved
^ "Stewart set for Freedom of Dumbarton".
^ "Dumbarton's Drums". Traditional Scottish Songs - Dumbarton's Drums.
rampantscotland.com. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
^ Overtoun House accessed 18/03/08
^ Daily Mail Why have so many dogs leapt to their deaths from Overtoun
Bridge? accessed 18/03/08
^ "'Consumer champion' MP to stand down". BBC. Prime Minister Gordon
Brown ... said "John has been a champion for
Dumbarton for 23
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dumbarton.
Dumbarton travel guide from Wikivoyage
Dumbarton: Riverside Parish Church website with Facebook page
Robert Burns (poet) Links to Dumbarton
Scottish Maritime Museum
Dumbarton Football Club
Brock Bowling Club (Dumbarton)
UK Rock Climbing (Dumbarton)
Settlements in West Dunbartonshire
Villages and suburbs
Minor kingdoms and subregions
Elffin ap Gwyddno
Gwallog ap Llaennog
Owain mab Urien