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DUBATS (English : White turbans) was the designation given to armed irregular bands employed by the Italian "Royal Corps of Colonial Troops " (Regio Corpo di Truppe Coloniali in Italian ) in Italian Somaliland from 1924 to 1941. The word dubats was derived from a Somali phrase meaning "white turbans ".

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin and duties * 2 Attire, weaponry and ranks * 3 Campaigns * 4 British Dubas * 5 Honors * 6 See also * 7 Bibliography * 8 References

ORIGIN AND DUTIES

Dubats
Dubats
were local soldiers from Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
that were employed in Italian military service after World War I
World War I
.

First raised in July 1924 by Colonel Camillo Bechis, they mainly served as light infantry and developed a reputation as effective fighters. Dubats
Dubats
were maintained as permanent units and were better trained and armed than the tribal banda , employed as auxiliaries when needed by the Italian authorities in Somalia
Somalia
and other colonies. Dubat camel troops under colonel Camillo Bechis orders

Dubats
Dubats
were concentrated along the British Somaliland
British Somaliland
, Ethiopian and East Africa Protectorate
East Africa Protectorate
frontiers.

Camel mounted detachments (recul) were also employed for patrol work in the Ogaden
Ogaden
region.

ATTIRE, WEAPONRY AND RANKS

From their establishment, Dubats
Dubats
wore the white futa, a traditional Somali sarong -like garment. They also wrapped smaller futa or turbans (dub) tightly wound around their heads. The term dubat (literally "white turban") was derived from this headdress. The Somali non-commissioned officers were distinguished by green, red or black lanyards and tassels , according to rank. During 1935-36, a khaki version of this attire, including a saharianna tunic , was adopted for service wear.

Commissioned officers of the Dubats
Dubats
were all Italian. They were usually seconded from the six regular Arab-Somali battalions of the Royal Corps of Colonial Troops, recruited in the territories of present-day Somalia
Somalia
and Yemen
Yemen
.

Dubats
Dubats
were armed with Mannlicher M1895 rifles . They also carried curved traditional Somali daggers called billao .

CAMPAIGNS

Cavalry
Cavalry
and fort of the Sultanate of Hobyo
Sultanate of Hobyo
, one of the ruling Somali polities that the dubats fought against in the Campaign of the Sultanates.

During 1925-27, three thousand Dubats
Dubats
saw service in the Campaign of the Sultanates, involving the occupation of the autonomous regions of Obbia , where the Sultan
Sultan
Yusuf Ali Kenadid ruled over his Sultanate of Hobyo
Hobyo
, and Migiurtinia (1923–27), where Boqor Osman Mahamud ruled the Sultanate. During late 1927, Dubats
Dubats
were used to raid across the border into Ethiopia, where clan militiamen from Migiurtinia had regrouped in Gorrahei. The use of Dubat irregulars for these intrusions enabled the Italians to avoid diplomatic complications with Ethiopia.

The four original bands were increased to ten during the early stages of the Italian invasion of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
in 1935. On 5 December 1934, a clash occurred between a detachment of Dubats
Dubats
occupying the Walwal oasis in the Ogaden
Ogaden
, and Ethiopian troops escorting a border commission. This incident provided the pretext for the subsequent Second Italian-Abyssinian War . Nearly 20,000 Dubats
Dubats
and other irregulars served with the Italian forces during the 1936 conquest of Ethiopia.

With the occupation of Ethiopia, the Dubats
Dubats
were re-deployed in the Ogaden
Ogaden
Desert and along the frontiers of French and British Somaliland. They saw ongoing action against Ethiopian guerrillas in Hararghe
Hararghe
.

On the eve of Italy's entry into World War II, the Dubats
Dubats
underwent reorganisation, becoming more closely integrated with the regular Somali units of the Royal Corps of Colonial Troops. The 1st Dubat Group subsequently served as part of General De Simone 's Column during the successful Italian invasion of British Somaliland
British Somaliland
in August 1940. Dubats
Dubats
participated in the attack on the British colony of Kenya and the conquest of Moyale and Buna .

During the East African Campaign of 1941, the Dubats
Dubats
served with the Pietro Gazzera
Pietro Gazzera
army group. Following the British military occupation of Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
in 1941, the Dubats
Dubats
were disbanded.

BRITISH DUBAS

Between 1936 and the late 1950s the British colonial government maintained a force of tribal police known as "Dubas" in the Northern Frontier District of Kenya, bordering Somaliland. Some were camel mounted. The Dubas performed similar functions as their Italian colonial counterparts, on whom they were modeled. They wore the same white indigenous dress, though with red turbans.

HONORS

One Gold Medal of Military Valor
Gold Medal of Military Valor
:

With the courage of their race - fueled by love for the flag and the belief in the higher destinies of Italy in Africa, gave during the war, many proofs of the most brilliant heroism. With great generosity, and similar faithfulness, gave their blood for the consecration of the Italian Empire. Italo-Ethiopian War, October 3, 1935 - May 5, 1936. - November 19, 1936.

SEE ALSO

* Italian Empire
Italian Empire
* Amedeo Guillet
Amedeo Guillet
* Bands (Italian Army irregulars) * Eritrean Ascari * Zaptié

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* "The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia 1935-36"; David Nicolle
David Nicolle
1997; ISBN 1-85532-692-2 * "Le Uniformi dell AOI ( Somalia
Somalia
1889-1941)" Piero Crociani, la Roccia 1980

REFERENCES

* ^ Stephanie Hom Cary, Destination Italy: Tourism, colonialism, and the modern Italian nation-state, 1861--1947, (ProQuest: 2007), p.264. * ^ A B C D Philip S. Jowett, Stephen Andrew, The Italian Army 1940-45: Africa 1940-43, Volume 2, (Osprey Publishing: 2001), p.7. * ^ page 25, Piero Crociani, "Le Uniformi dell'A.O.I (Somalia 1889-1941), la Roccia 1980 * ^ Luigi Frusci, In Somalia
Somalia
sul fronte meridionale, (L. Cappelli, 1936), p.31. * ^ Elioe Vittorio, tavola XXVI "Atlante delle Uniformi Militari - militarie italiane del 1934 ad oggi", Grafica Editoiale 1984 * ^ pages 12-13, Piero Crociani, "Le Uniformi dell'A.O.I (Somalia 1889-1941), la Roccia 1980 * ^ Piero Crociani, "Le Uniformi dell'A.O.I ( Somalia
Somalia
1889-1941), pages 24-25 la Roccia 1980 * ^ Dubats
Dubats
in 1936 Ethiopia
Ethiopia
conquest (original video in Italian) * ^ Attack of Dubats
Dubats
in Kenya
Kenya
(original video in Italian) * ^ Motivazione della medaglia d\'oro (in Italian)

* v * t * e

Italian Empire
Italian Empire

SUBDIVISIONS

WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN

* Southeastern France * Monaco * Corsica

BALKANS

* Albanian Kingdom * Islands of the Aegean * Kingdom of Croatia * Dalmatia

* Greece

* Hellenic State * Principality of the Pindus * Ionian Islands

* Italian Province of Lubiana * Kingdom of Montenegro

ITALIAN EAST AFRICA

* Italian Eritrea
Italian Eritrea

* Eritrea Governorate
Eritrea Governorate

* Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland

* Somalia
Somalia
Governorate * Italian Oltre Giuba * British Somaliland
British Somaliland

* Italian Ethiopia
Ethiopia

* Amhara Governorate * Harrar Governorate * Galla-Sidamo Governorate * Scioa Governorate

ITALIAN LIBYA

* Libya

* Cyrenaica * Tripolitania * Fezzan

FAR EAST

* Italian concession of Tientsin * Concessions of Italy in China

PLANNED EXPANSION

* Egypt * Majorca * Tentative to occupy French Somaliland
French Somaliland
* Kenya
Kenya
* Sudan * Malta * Ticino, Valais and Grisons * Tunisia

The Italian empire before WWII is shown in red. Pink areas were annexed/occupied for various periods between 1940 and 1943. Italian concessions and forts in China are not shown.

SETTLERS AND IRREDENTISM

SETTLERS AND COLONISTS

* Albania * Dodecanese * Dalmatia * Eritrea * Ethiopia
Ethiopia
* Libya * Somalia
Somalia
* Tunisia * Egypt * Lebanon * Gibraltar

IRREDENTISM

* Corsica * Nice * Savoy * Dalmatia * Istria-Venezia Giulia * Malta * Switzerland * Corfu

ARCHITECTURE

GOVERNMENTAL

* Governor\'s Palace (Mogadishu) * Governor\'s Palace (Tripoli) * Governor\'s Palace (Asmara) * Asmara Presidential Palace (Asmara)

CIVILIAN

* Mogadishu Cathedral * Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara * Benghazi Cathedral
Benghazi Cathedral
* Tripoli Cathedral * Cinema Impero * Fiat Tagliero Building * Marble Arch * Asmara\'s Opera * Lighthouse "Francesco Crispi" (Cape Guardafui)

URBANISM

* Italian Tripoli * Mogadishu under Italian rule * Italian Benghazi * Italian Asmara * Italian Massaua

INFRASTRUCTURE

* Mogadishu–Villabruzzi Railway
Mogadishu–Villabruzzi Railway
* Ethio-Djibouti Railways * Eritrean Railway
Eritrean Railway
* Asmara-Massawa Cableway * Railway stations in Eritrea * Railway stations in Somalia
Somalia
* Via Balbia * Via della Vittoria * Linea dell\'Impero * Italian Libya
Italian Libya
Railways * Libyan Railway stations * History of Italian colonial railways

POLITICAL CONCEPTS

* Greater Italy * Mare Nostrum * New Roman Empire * Spazio vitale
Spazio vitale
* Fourth Shore * Third Rome

POLICE AND MILITARY

* Eritrean Ascari * Italian African Police
Italian African Police
* Bands (Italian Army irregulars) * Zaptié * Dubats * Savari * Spahis * Royal Corps of Colonial Troops * Royal Corps of Somali Colonial Troops * Ascari del Cielo Paratroops * Italian 1st Eritrean Division * Italian 2nd Eritrean Division * 1st Libyan Division Sibelle * 2nd Libyan Division Pescatori * Italian Libyan Colonial Division * Italian Somali Divisions (101 and 102) * Maletti Group
Maletti Group
* Legione Redenta * Italian guerrilla units (A.O.I.)

CURRENCIES AND STAMPS

* Eritrean tallero * Italian East African lira * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
lira * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
rupia * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
somalo * Postage stamps and postal history of Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
* Postage stamps and postal history of Oltre Giuba
Postage stamps and postal history of Oltre Giuba
* Postage stamps of Italian Libya
Italian Libya

* v * t * e

Somalia
Somalia
italiana

MAIN AUTHORITIES

* King border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Italian Governors of Somalia
Somalia
* Main Colonial governors: Vincenzo Filonardi ; Giacomo De Martino ; Cesare Maria De Vecchi
Cesare Maria De Vecchi
; Rodolfo Graziani
Rodolfo Graziani
; Carlo De Simone

GENERAL HISTORY

* Italian Somalia
Somalia
* Italian Trans-Juba * Second Italo-Ethiopian War
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
* Somalia
Somalia
Governorate * Italian conquest of British Somaliland
British Somaliland
* Italian tentative to occupy French Somaliland
French Somaliland
* East African Campaign * Italian guerrilla war in A.O.I. (1941-1943) * Trust Territory of Somalia
Somalia
* Italy– Somalia
Somalia
relations

INFRASTRUCTURES

* Mogadishu–Villabruzzi Railway
Mogadishu–Villabruzzi Railway
* Railway stations in Somalia
Somalia
* Linea dell\'Impero * Villa Somalia
Somalia
* Governor\'s Palace of Mogadishu * Porto di Mogadiscio * Museo della Garesa

RELATED ARTICLES

* Italian Somalians
Italian Somalians
* Mogadishu under Italian rule * Benadir * Imperial Italy * Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
* Italian East African lira * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
lira * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
rupia * Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
somalo * Postage stamps and postal history of Somalia
Somalia
* Postage stamps and postal history of Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
* Postage stamps and postal history of Oltre Giuba
Postage stamps and postal history of Oltre Giuba
* Roman Catholicism in Somalia
Somalia
* Roman Catholic Diocese of Mogadiscio * Mogadishu Cathedral

COLONIAL TROOPS

* Royal Corps of Colonial Troops * Royal Corps of Somali Colonial Troops * Italian Somali Divisions (101 and 102) * Dubats * Italian African Police
Italian African Police
* Bands

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