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The Info List - Drayton Beauchamp



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DRAYTON BEAUCHAMP (pronounced 'Beecham') is a village and civil parish within Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
district in Buckinghamshire , England. It is in the east of the county bordering Hertfordshire , about six miles from Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and two miles from Tring
Tring
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 References * 3 Further reading * 4 External links

HISTORY

The village toponym is derived from the Old English for "farm where sledges are used". It is a common place name in England, and refers to places that were perched on the hillside, thus requiring the use of a sledge rather than a cart to pull heavy loads. The suffix 'Beauchamp' refers to the ancient manorial family of the parish. The village is intersected by the Icknield Way
Icknield Way
a prehistoric, long-distance trackway of significant importance in providing a trading route between East Anglia and the Thames Valley
Thames Valley
certainly during the Iron Age and maybe earlier. In more recent times it has been bisected by the Roman Road
Roman Road
, Akeman Street
Akeman Street
now the A41 and by both the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Arm and Wendover Arm of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
.

Following the Norman conquest of England
England
William I awarded land which later became known as Drayton Beauchamp
Drayton Beauchamp
to Robert, Earl of Morton who as Magno le Breton had accompanied William at the time of the Norman Invasion in 1066. The Morton family founded a church at Drayton on the site where the present-day church of St Mary the Virgin now stands. During the early part of the 13th century the manor was owned by William de Beauchamp (de Bello Campo). The lands were passed from the Beauchamp family to the Cobhams. Sir John Cobham gave the property to King Edward III . The King granted it to his shield-bearer Thomas Cheney (also spelt Cheyne) in 1364. It remained in the Cheyne family until the death of William Cheyne, Lord Viscount Newhaven in 1728.

During the period after 1066 in which the Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor
of Drayton was Magno le Breton the southern end of the manor would have been valued for its summer pasture. This area which became known later as Cholesbury contained a large Iron Age Hillfort
Hillfort
. This gradually became a permanent settlement and was subsequently separated off as a separate manor. In 1541 it was sold by Robert Cheyne to Chief Justice John Baldwin and became an autonomous manor.

Drayton Beauchamp
Drayton Beauchamp
was sold by the Cheyne family to John Gumley in 1728 for £22,200 and in 1788 the Lordship of the Manor was inherited by Lady Robert Manners. The manor house beside the church had been demolished around 1760 and a new one built elsewhere in the parish by the Gumleys. In 1835 the Lordship of the Manor passed to Mrs. Caroline Jenney and remained in that family until the death of Miss Airmyne Harpur-Crewe in 1999.

The parish church was extensively rebuilt in the 15th century from materials salvaged from an earli