SettingEarth, known as the and designated as "Planet 4032-877" by the celestial hierarchy, is the main setting for the entire Dragon Ball series, as well as related media such as ''Dr. Slump'', ''Nekomajin'', and ''Jaco the Galactic Patrolman''. It is mainly inhabited by , a term used inclusively to refer to all of the intelligent races native to the planet, including humans, anthropomorphic beings, and monsters. Starting from the ''Dragon Ball Z'' series, various Extraterrestrials in fiction, extraterrestrial species such as the and have played a more prominent role in franchise media. The narrative of ''Dragon Ball'' predominantly follows the adventures of Goku; upon meeting Bulma at the beginning of the series, the two then embark on an adventure to gather the seven Dragon Balls. Goku later receives martial arts training from Master Roshi, meets his lifelong friend Krillin, and enters the World Martial Arts Tournament to fight the strongest warriors on the planet. When the evil King Piccolo, and later his offspring Piccolo (Dragon Ball), Piccolo, tries to conquer the planet, Goku receives training from Earth's deities to defeat them. Goku later sacrifices his life to save the planet from his estranged brother Raditz, but later trains in the afterlife under the tutelage of #Kaiō-sama, King Kai, to save it from the other incoming Saiyans Nappa and Vegeta. He later becomes a Super Saiyan and defeats the powerful tyrant Frieza. This sets the tone of the rest of the series, with each enemy the characters face becoming stronger than the last, requiring them to attain further training. ''Dragon Ball Super'' establishes that the franchise is set in a multiverse composed of twelve numbered universes, each ruled by a number of benevolent and malevolent deities, respectively called Supreme Kais and Gods of Destruction. Almost all of the ''Dragon Ball'' series, except for parts of ''Dragon Ball Super'', takes place in Universe 7. Years in the timeline are called "Ages", with most of the story occurring between Age 749 and Age 790. Universe 7 contains several planets, including a fictionalized Earth, where humans reside, and Planet Vegeta, the home world of the Saiyans, a powerful and destructive race. Many other races also inhabit Universe 7, including Angels, Demons, Androids, Tuffles and Namekians. Humans are among the weakest races in the universe. The protagonist Goku is raised as a human on Earth but finds out that he is actually a Saiyan from Planet Vegeta.
Productionwas a fan of Hong Kong martial arts films, particularly Bruce Lee films such as ''Enter the Dragon'' (1973) and Jackie Chan films such as ''Drunken Master'' (1978), and wanted to create a manga inspired by martial arts films. This led to Toriyama creating the 1983 One-shot (comics), one-shot manga ''Dragon Boy'', which he later redeveloped into ''Dragon Ball''. Toriyama loosely modeled the plot and characters of ''Dragon Ball'' on the Classic Chinese Novels, classic Chinese novel '' '', with Goku being Sun Wukong ("Son Goku" in Japanese), Bulma as Tang Sanzang, List of Dragon Ball characters#Oolong, Oolong as Zhu Bajie, and Yamcha being Sha Wujing. Toriyama wanted to create a story with the basic theme of ''Journey to the West'', but with "a little kung fu" by combining the novel with elements from the kung fu films of Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee. The title ''Dragon Ball'' was inspired by ''Enter the Dragon'' and later Bruceploitation knockoff kung fu films which frequently had the word "Dragon" in the title, and the fighting scenes were influenced by Jackie Chan movies. Since it was serialized in a Shōnen manga, shōnen manga magazine, he added the idea of the Dragon Balls to give it a game-like activity of gathering something, without thinking of what the characters would wish for. His concept of the Dragon Balls was inspired by the epic Japanese novel ''Nansō Satomi Hakkenden'' (1814–1842), which involves the heroes collecting eight Buddhist prayer beads, which Toriyama adapted into collecting seven Dragon Balls. He originally thought it would last about a year or end once the Dragon Balls were collected. Toriyama stated that although the stories are purposefully easy to understand, he specifically aimed ''Dragon Ball'' at readers older than those of his previous serial ''Dr. Slump''. He also wanted to break from the Western influences common in ''Dr. Slump'', deliberately going for Chinese scenery, referencing Chinese buildings and photographs of China his wife had bought. Toriyama wanted to set ''Dragon Ball'' in a fictional world largely based on Asia, taking inspiration from several Culture of Asia, Asian cultures including Culture of Japan, Japanese, Chinese culture, Chinese, South Asian, Central Asian, Arabic culture, Arabic and Indonesian cultures. The island where the is held is modeled after Bali (in Indonesia), which he, his wife and assistant visited in mid-1985, and for the area around Babidi, Bobbidi's spaceship he consulted photos of Africa. Toriyama was also inspired by the jinn (genies) from ''The Arabian Nights''.
Spin-offsAnother manga penned by Ōishi, the three-chapter ''Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock'' that revolves around Burdock (Dragon Ball), Bardock, Goku's father, was published in the monthly magazine ''V Jump'' from August and October 2011. The final chapter of Toriyama's 2013 manga series ''Jaco the Galactic Patrolman'' revealed that it is set before ''Dragon Ball'', with several characters making appearances. ''Jaco'' collected volumes contain a bonus ''Dragon Ball'' chapter depicting Goku's mother. In December 2016, a spin-off manga titled ''Dragon Ball Side Story: The Case of Being Reincarnated as Yamcha'' began in Shueisha's ''Shōnen Jump+'' digital magazine. Written and illustrated by Dragon Garow Lee, it is about a high school boy who after an accident wakes up in the body of Yamcha in the ''Dragon Ball'' manga.
CrossoversToriyama also created a short series, ''Neko Majin'' (1999–2005), that became a self-parody of ''Dragon Ball''. In 2006, a fictional crossover, crossover between ''Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo'' (or ''Kochikame'') and ''Dragon Ball'' by Toriyama and ''Kochikame'' author Osamu Akimoto appeared in the manga. That same year, Toriyama teamed up with Eiichiro Oda to create a crossover chapter of ''Dragon Ball'' and ''One Piece'' titled ''Cross Epoch''.
Reception''Dragon Ball'' is one of the most popular manga series of all time, and it continues to enjoy high readership today. ''Dragon Ball'' is credited as one of the main reasons manga circulation was at its highest between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. During ''Dragon Ball''s initial run in '' Weekly Shōnen Jump'', the manga magazine reached an average circulation of 6.53million weekly sales, the highest in its history. During ''Dragon Ball''s serialisation between 1984 and 1995, ''Weekly Shōnen Jump'' magazine had a total circulation of over 2.9billion copies, with those issues generating an estimated () in sales revenue. ''Dragon Ball'' also sold a record number of collected '' '' volumes for its time. By 2000, more than 126million ''tankōbon'' copies had been sold in Japan alone. It sold over 150million copies in Japan by 2008, making it the List of best-selling manga, best-selling manga ever at the time. By 2012, its sales in Japan had grown to pass 156million, making it the second best-selling ''Weekly Shōnen Jump'' manga of all time, behind ''One Piece''. ''Dragon Ball''s ''tankobon'' volumes sold 159.5million copies in Japan by February 2014, and have sold over 160million copies in Japan as of 2016. The manga is similarly popular overseas, having been translated and released in over 40countries worldwide. Estimates for the total number of ''tankōbon'' volumes sold worldwide range from more than 250million copies to more than 300million copies, not including unofficial pirated copies; when including pirated copies, an estimated total of over 400million official and unofficial copies have been sold worldwide. For the 10th anniversary of the Japan Media Arts Festival in 2006, Japanese fans voted ''Dragon Ball'' the third greatest manga of all time. In a survey conducted by Oricon in 2007 among 1,000 people, Son Goku, the main character of the franchise, ranked first place as the "Strongest Manga Character of All Time." Goku's journey and his ever-growing strength resulted in the character winning "the admiration of young boys everywhere". Manga artists, such as ''One Piece'' creator Eiichiro Oda and ''Naruto'' creator Masashi Kishimoto, have stated that Goku inspired their series' main protagonists as well as series structure. Manga critic Jason Thompson (writer), Jason Thompson stated in 2011 that "''Dragon Ball'' is by far the most influential shonen manga of the last 30 years, and today, almost every ''Shonen Jump'' artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways." He says the series "turns from a gag/adventure manga to an nearly-pure fighting manga", and its basic formula of "lots of martial arts, lots of training sequences, a few jokes" became the model for other Shōnen manga, shōnen series, such as ''Naruto''. Thompson also called Toriyama's art influential and cited it as a reason for the series' popularity. James S. Yadao, author of ''The Rough Guide to Manga'', claims that the first several chapters of ''Dragon Ball ''"play out much like ''Journey to the West, Saiyuki'' with ''Dr. Slump''-like humour built in" and that ''Dr. Slump'', Toriyama's previous manga, has a clear early influence on the series.Yadao, James S. ''The Rough Guide to Manga''. Penguin Books, October 1, 2009
Main installments''Dragon Ball'' and ''Dragon Ball Z'' are adaptations of the original ''Dragon Ball'' manga, with various new material added in to make extra episodes so that Toriyama would have more time to write original chapters for them to adapt. ''Dragon Ball Z Kai'' is a version of the ''Dragon Ball Z'' that removes most of the episodes featuring content that was not part of the original manga. The sequel to the original manga is called ''Dragon Ball Super'', and its story is based on a plot outline by Toriyama. Unlike previous anime series, ''Super'' is released in parallel to, and at times ahead of, the manga of the same name; despite being based on the same outline by Toriyama, there are significant plot differences between the manga and the anime.
''Dragon Ball''produced an television series based on the first 194 manga chapters, also titled ''Dragon Ball''. The series premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on February 26, 1986 and ran until April 19, 1989, lasting 153 episodes. It is broadcast in 81countries worldwide.
''Dragon Ball Z''Instead of continuing the anime as ''Dragon Ball'', Toei Animation decided to carry on with their adaptation under a new name and asked Akira Toriyama to come up with the title. picks up five years after the first series left off and adapts the final 325 chapters of the manga. It premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on April 26, 1989, taking over its predecessor's time slot, and ran for 291 episodes until its conclusion on January 31, 1996. Two television specials based on the ''Z'' series were aired on Fuji TV in Japan. The first, ''The One True Final Battle ~The Z Warrior Who Challenged Frieza – Son Goku's Father~'', renamed ''Dragon Ball Z: Bardock – The Father of Goku, Bardock – The Father of Goku'' by Funimation, was shown on October 17, 1990. The second special, ''Defiance in the Face of Despair!! The Remaining Super-Warriors: Gohan and Trunks'', renamed ''Dragon Ball Z: The History of Trunks, The History of Trunks'' by Funimation, is based on a special chapter of the original manga and aired on February 24, 1993.
''Dragon Ball Z Kai''In February 2009, ''Dragon Ball Z'' celebrated its 20th anniversary, with Toei Animation announcing that it would broadcast a re-edited and remastered version of the ''Dragon Ball Z'' anime under the name . The footage would be re-edited to follow the manga more closely, eliminating scenes and episodes which were not featured in the original manga, resulting in a more faithful adaptation, as well as in a faster-moving, and more focused story. The episodes were remastered for High-definition television, HDTV, with rerecording of the vocal tracks by most of the original cast, and featuring updated opening and ending sequences. On April 5, 2009, the series premiered in Japan airing in Fuji TV. ''Dragon Ball Z Kai'' reduced the episode count to 159 episodes (167 episodes internationally), from the original footage of 291 episodes. Damaged frames were removed, resulting in some minor shots being remade from scratch in order to fix cropping, and others to address continuity issues. The majority of the international versions, including Funimation, Funimation Entertainment's English dub, are titled ''Dragon Ball Z Kai''.
''Dragon Ball Super''On April 28, 2015, Toei Animation announced , the first all-new ''Dragon Ball'' television series to be released in 18 years. It debuted on July 5 and ran as a weekly series at 9:00 am on Fuji TV on Sundays until its series finale on March 25, 2018 after 131 episodes. Masako Nozawa reprises her roles as Goku, Gohan, and List of Dragon Ball characters#Goten, Goten. Most of the original cast reprise their roles as well. Koichi Yamadera and Masakazu Morita also reprise their roles, as Beerus and List of Dragon Ball characters#Whis, Whis, respectively. The story of the anime is set several years after the defeat of Majin Buu, when the Earth has become peaceful once again. Akira Toriyama is credited as the original creator, as well for "original story & character design concepts." It is also being adapted into a parallel manga.
Manga-inspired series''Dragon Ball GT'' and ''Super Dragon Ball Heroes'' are not originated from any direct source material from Toriyama, being fully created by their respective animation studios.
''Dragon Ball GT''premiered on Fuji TV on February 7, 1996 and ran until November 19, 1997 for 64 episodes. Unlike the first two anime series, it is not based on Akira Toriyama's original ''Dragon Ball'' manga, being created by Toei Animation as a sequel to the series or as Toriyama called it, a "Gaiden, grand side story of the original ''Dragon Ball.''" Toriyama designed the main cast, the spaceship used in the show, the design of three planets, and came up with the title and logo. In addition to this, Toriyama also oversaw production of the series, just as he had for the ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Dragon Ball Z'' anime. The television special episode, ''Goku's Side Story! The Proof of his Courage is the Four-Star Ball'', or ''Dragon Ball GT: A Hero's Legacy, A Hero's Legacy'' as Funimation titled it for their dub, aired on March 26, 1997, between episodes 41 and 42, serving as a kind of precursor to the epilogue to the series shown at the end of episode 64.
''Super Dragon Ball Heroes''In 2018, an anime to promote the ''Dragon Ball Heroes, Super Dragon Ball Heroes'' card and video game series was announced with a July 1 premiere. The series' announcement included a brief synopsis:
Trunks returns from the future to train with Goku and Vegeta. However, he abruptly vanishes. The mysterious man "Fu" suddenly appears, telling them that Trunks has been locked up on the "Prison Planet", a mysterious facility in an unknown location between universes. The group searches for the Dragon Balls to free Trunks, but an unending super battle awaits them! Will Goku and the others manage to rescue Trunks and escape the Prison Planet?
Other installmentsThe short film ''Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!!'' was created for the Jump Super Anime Tour, which celebrated ''Weekly Shōnen Jump'' 40th anniversary, and debuted on September 21, 2008. A short animated adaptation of Naho Ōishi's Bardock spinoff manga, ''Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock'', was shown on December 17–18, 2011 at the Jump Festa 2012 event. A two-episode original video animation, original video animation (OVA) titled ''Dragon Ball Z Side Story: Plan to Eradicate the Saiyans'' was created in 1993 as strategy guides for the Nintendo Entertainment System, Famicom video game of the List of Dragon Ball video games#1990s, same name. A remake titled ''Dragon Ball: Plan to Eradicate the Super Saiyans'' was created as a bonus feature for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 video game ''Dragon Ball: Raging Blast 2'', which was released on November 11, 2010. A two-part hour-long crossover special between ''Dragon Ball Z'', ''One Piece'' and ''Toriko'', referred to as ''Dream 9 Toriko & One Piece & Dragon Ball Z Super Collaboration Special!!'' aired on April 7, 2013.
ReceptionThe anime adaptations have also been very well-received and are better known in the Western world than the manga, with Anime News Network saying, "Few anime series have mainstreamed it the way ''Dragon Ball Z'' has. To a certain generation of television consumers its characters are as well known as any in the animated realm, and for many it was the first step into the wilderness of anime fandom." In 2000, satellite TV channel Animax together with ''Brutus (magazine), Brutus'', a men's lifestyle magazine, and Culture Convenience Club, Tsutaya, Japan's largest video rental chain, conducted a poll among 200,000 fans on the top anime series, with ''Dragon Ball'' coming in fourth. TV Asahi conducted two polls in 2005 on the Top 100 Anime, ''Dragon Ball'' came in second in the nationwide survey conducted with multiple age-groups and in third in the online poll. ''Dragon Ball'' is one of the most successful franchises in animation history. The anime series is broadcast in more than 80countries worldwide. In Japan, the first List of Dragon Ball films, sixteen anime films up until ''Dragon Ball Z: Wrath of the Dragon'' (1995) sold 50million tickets and grossed over () at the box office, in addition to selling over 500,000 home video units, by 1996. Later DVD releases of the ''Dragon Ball'' anime series have topped Japan's sales charts on several occasions. In the United States, the anime series sold over 25million DVD units by January 2012, and has sold more than 30million DVD and Blu-ray units as of 2017. In Latin America, public screenings of the ''Dragon Ball Super'' finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators. Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network summed up ''Dragon Ball'' as "an action-packed tale told with rare humor and something even rarer—a genuine sense of adventure." Both Kimlinger and colleague Theron Martin noted Funimation's reputation for drastic alterations of the script, but praised the dub. However, some critics and most fans of the Japanese version have been more critical with Funimation's English dub and script of ''Dragon Ball Z'' over the years. Jeffrey Harris of IGN criticized the voices, including how Freeza's appearance combined with the feminine English voice left fans confused about Freeza's gender. Carlos Ross of T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews considered the series' characters to be different from stereotypical stock characters and noted that they undergo much more development. Despite praising ''Dragon Ball Z'' for its cast of characters, they criticized it for having long and repetitive fights. ''Dragon Ball Z'' is well-known, and often criticized, for its long, repetitive, dragged-out fights that span several episodes, with Martin commenting "DBZ practically turned drawing out fights into an art form." However, Jason Thompson of io9 explained that this comes from the fact that the anime was being created alongside the manga. ''Dragon Ball Z'' was listed as the 78th best animated show in IGN's Top 100 Animated Series, and was also listed as the 50th greatest cartoon in Wizard (magazine), ''Wizard'' magazine's Top 100 Greatest Cartoons list. Harris commented that ''Dragon Ball GT'' "is downright repellent", mentioning that the material and characters had lost their novelty and fun. He also criticized the ''GT'' character designs of Trunks (Dragon Ball), Trunks and Vegeta as being goofy. Zac Bertschy of Anime News Network also gave negative comments about ''GT'', mentioning that the fights from the series were "a very simple childish exercise" and that many other anime were superior. The plot of ''Dragon Ball GT'' has also been criticized for giving a formula that was already used in its predecessors. The first episode of ''Dragon Ball Z Kai'' earned a viewer ratings percentage of 11.3, ahead of ''One Piece'' and behind ''Crayon Shin-chan''. Although following episodes had lower ratings, ''Kai'' was among the top 10 anime in viewer ratings every week in Japan for most of its run. The handling of the series' female character was heavily crticized by the media. Though initially found likable, Chi-Chi was felt to become an stereotypical nagging wife by HobbyConsolas as a result of living multiple years and having her son Gohan being forced to transform into a warrior. Another example is Videl who went from a strong heroic character who is determined to defend her city as a vigilante to emulating her mother-in-law as a domesticated housewife whose only function is to look after Pan and her home. Josh Begley of The Fandom Post felt Bulma "browbeats everyone around her." Anime News Network's Martin Theron said "Bulma loses something just sitting around acting like a worried mother/wife." There has also been multiple criticism to his relationship with Bulma with writers finding it forced. In About.com "Top 8 Anime Love Stories", Vegeta and Bulma's relationship ranked second with Katherine Luther commenting that such a relationship was unpredictable by fans. Japanese voice actor Toru Furuya expressed shock Trunks was Bulma's and Vegeta's child from the future despite the fact that Yamcha and Bulma were often in a relationship and Yamcha was turned into a cheater to cause such change. Hiromi Tsuru, Bulma's first Japanese actress, was also shocked by this change, believing her character would end with Yamcha. Bulma's voice actress joked that it was difficult for her to love Vegeta, having thought Bulma would end up with Yamcha. Mania Entertainment writer Briana Lawerence listed Vegeta 9th in the article 10 Male Headaches of Anime, criticizing his personality and his repeated desire to surpass Goku's power.
Anime filmsTwenty animated theatrical films based on the ''Dragon Ball'' series have been released in Japan. The three most recent films, ''Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods'' (2013), ''Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection 'F''' (2015) and ''Dragon Ball Super: Broly'' (2018), were produced as full-length feature films and were given stand-alone theatrical releases in Japan (as well as limited theatrical releases in the U.S.). They're also the first movies to have original creator Akira Toriyama deeply involved in their production; ''Battle of Gods'' and ''Resurrection 'F were remade into the first and second arcs of the ''Dragon Ball Super'' anime, which told the same stories as the two films in expanded detail. The 1996 feature film, ''Dragon Ball: The Path to Power'', was also a full-length theatrical release with a running time of 80 minutes, and was produced to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the anime as a re-imagining of the first few arcs of the series. All previous films were mostly below feature length (around 45–60 minutes each), making them only slightly longer than one or two episodes of the TV series; this is due to them being originally shown as back-to-back presentations alongside other Toei film productions. These films are also mostly alternate re-tellings of certain story arcs (like ''The Path to Power''), or extra side-stories that do not correlate with the continuity of the series. The first three films, along with ''The Path to Power'', are based on the original ''Dragon Ball'' anime series. The remaining thirteen older films are based on ''Dragon Ball Z''. The first five films were shown at the , while the sixth through seventeenth films were shown at the .
Live-action filmAn American live-action film titled ''Dragonball Evolution'' was produced by 20th Century Fox after it acquired the feature film rights to the ''Dragon Ball'' franchise in March 2002. Previous to the film, two unofficial live-action films had been produced decades prior. The first was a Taiwanese film titled ''Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins'', which was also dubbed in English, while the second was a Korean film titled ''Dragon Ball: Fight, Son Goku! Win, Son Goku!''. The film was directed by James Wong (producer), James Wong and produced by Stephen Chow, it was released in the United States on April 10, 2009. The film was meant to lead into sequels, which were cancelled, after the film flopped at the box office and became universally heralded as one of the worst adaptations of all time, being considered by the fans as being unfaithful to the source material. Franchise creator Akira Toriyama also criticized the film adding he was completely left out of the creative process, despite having himself offered to help, going as far as saying: "the result was a movie, I couldn't even call ''Dragon Ball''". Years after its release, the writer of the film, Ben Ramsey, released a public apology in which he admitted to have written the film "chasing for a payday" instead of "as a fan of the franchise". With the news of Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney, 20th Century Fox selling itself, its assets; which include the film rights to the ''Dragon Ball'' franchise, will now be owned by its purchaser, The Walt Disney Company.
Theme park attractions"Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4D" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2016. It features a battle between Goku and Freeza. Unlike most ''Dragon Ball'' animation, the attraction is animated with Computer animation, CGI. A second attraction titled "Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4-D at Super Tenkaichi Budokai" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2017, which featured a battle between the heroes and Broly.
MerchandiseIn 1994, the licensee Bandai earned annually from sales of licensed ''Dragon Ball'' toys, video games and other character goods in Japan. In 1996, ''Dragon Ball Z'' grossed in merchandise sales worldwide. Bandai sold over 2billion ''Dragon Ball'' Carddass cards in Japan by 1998, and over 1million Dragon Stars figurines in the Americas and Europe as of 2018. In 2000, Burger King sponsored a toy promotion to distribute ''Dragon Ball Z'' figurines across North America. By 2011, the franchise had generated in merchandise sales. In 2012, the franchise grossed () from licensed merchandise sales in Japan.
SoundtracksMyriad soundtracks were released in the anime, movies and the games. The music for the first two anime ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Z'' and its films was composed by Shunsuke Kikuchi, while the music from ''GT'' was composed by Akihito Tokunaga and the music from ''Kai'' was composed by Kenji Yamamoto and Norihito Sumitomo. For the first anime, the soundtracks released were ''Dragon Ball: Music Collection'' in 1985 and ''Dragon Ball: Complete Song Collection'' in 1991, although they were reissued in 2007 and 2003, respectively. For the second anime, the soundtrack series released were ''Dragon Ball Z Hit Song Collection Series''. It was produced and released by Columbia Records of Japan from July 21, 1989 to March 20, 1996 the show's entire lifespan. On September 20, 2006 Columbia re-released the Hit Song Collection on their Animex 1300 series. Other CDs released are compilations, video games and films soundtracks as well as music from the English versions.
Companion booksThere have been numerous companion books to the ''Dragon Ball'' franchise. Chief among these are the series, comprising seven hardback main volumes and three supplemental softcover volumes, covering the manga and the first two anime series and their theatrical films. The first of these, ''Dragon Ball: The Complete Illustrations'' (''Daizenshuu'' volume 1), first published in Japan in 1995, is the only one that was released in English, being printed in 2008 by Viz Media. It contains all 264 colored illustrations Akira Toriyama drew for the ''Weekly Shōnen Jump'' magazines' covers, bonus giveaways and specials, and all the covers for the 42 ''tankōbon''. It also includes an interview with Toriyama on his work process. The remainder have never been released in English, and all are now out of print in Japan. From February 4 to May 9, 2013, condensed versions of the ''Daizenshuu'' with some updated information were released as the four-volume series. For ''Dragon Ball GT'', the ''Dragon Ball GT Perfect Files'' were released in May and December 1997 by 's ''Jump Comics Selection'' imprint. They include series information, illustration galleries, behind-the-scenes information, and more. They were out of print for many years, but were re-released in April 2006 (accompanying the Japanese DVD release of ''Dragon Ball GT'') and this edition is still in print. Coinciding with the 34-volume ''kanzenban'' re-release of the manga, and the release of the entire series on DVD for the first time in Japan, four new guidebooks were released in 2003 and 2004. ''Dragon Ball Landmark'' and ''Dragon Ball Forever'' cover the manga, using volume numbers for story points that reference the ''kanzenban'' release, while and cover the ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Dragon Ball Z'' anime, respectively. Much of the material in these books is reused from the earlier ''Daizenshuu'' volumes, but they include new textual material including substantial interviews with the creator, cast and production staff of the series. ''Son Goku Densetsu'' in particular showcases previously-unpublished design sketches of Goku's father Bardock, drawn by character designer Katsuyoshi Nakatsuru prior to creator Akira Toriyama's revisions that resulted in the final version. Following the release of ''Dragon Ball Kai'' in Japan, four new guidebooks were released: the two-volume in 2009, covering the manga, and two-volume in 2010, covering the anime series. Despite the TV series airing during this time being ''Kai'', the ''Extreme Battle Collection'' books reference the earlier ''Z'' series in content and episode numbers. These books also include new question-and-answer sessions with Akira Toriyama, revealing a few new details about the world and characters of the series. 2010 also saw the release of a new artbook, ; a sort of anime-counterpart to the manga-oriented ''Complete Illustrations'', it showcases anime-original illustrations and includes interviews with the three principal character designers for the anime. Each of the Japanese "Dragon Box" DVD releases of the series and movies, which were released from 2003 to 2006, as well as the Blu-ray boxed sets of ''Dragon Ball Kai'', released 2009 to 2011, come with a ''Dragon Book'' guide that contains details about the content therein. Each also contains a new interview with a member of the cast or staff of the series. These books have been reproduced textually for Funimation's release of the ''Dragon Ball Z'' Dragon Box sets from 2009 to 2011. Collectible cards Collectible cards based on the ''Dragon Ball'', ''Dragon Ball Z'', and ''Dragon Ball GT'' series have been released by Bandai. These cards feature various scenes from the manga and anime stills, plus exclusive artwork from all three series. Bandai released the first set in the United States in July 2008. Tabletop role-playing game * ''Dragon Ball Z: The Anime Adventure Game'', a tabletop role-playing game produced by R. Talsorian Games.
Cultural impactSince its debut, ''Dragon Ball'' has had a considerable impact on global popular culture. Estimates for the franchise's lifetime revenue range from to . In 2015, the Japan Anniversary Association officially declared May 9 as ; in Japanese, the numbers five and nine can be pronounced as "Go" and "Ku". It is similarly influential in international popular culture across other parts of the world. ''Dragon Ball'' is widely referenced in American popular culture, from television and music to celebrities and athletes, and the show has been celebrated with Goku making an appearance at the 2018 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, and with ''Dragon Ball'' murals appearing in cities such as Los Angeles, Chicago, Kansas City and Denver. ''Dragon Ball'' is also immensely popular in other regions of the world, such as Latin America, where public screenings of the ''Dragon Ball Super'' finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators. ''Dragon Ball'' creator Akira Toriyama was decorated a ''Chevalier'' or "Knight" of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in May 2019 for his contributions to the arts, particularly for ''Dragon Ball'' which has been credited with popularizing manga in France. Vegeta's quote "It's Over 9000!" from the Saiyan Saga in the English dub of ''Dragon Ball Z'' is a popular internet meme. Goku has been identified as a superhero, as well as Gohan with his Great Saiyaman persona. Motorola's Freescale DragonBall and DragonBall EZ/VZ microcontroller processors, released in 1995, are named after ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Dragon Ball Z'', respectively.
Comics and animation''Dragon Ball'' has been cited as inspiration across various different media. ''Dragon Ball'' is credited with setting trends for popular shōnen manga and anime since the 1980s, with manga critic Jason Thompson (writer), Jason Thompson in 2011 calling it "by far the most influential shōnen manga of the last 30 years." Successful shōnen manga authors such as Eiichiro Oda (''One Piece''), Masashi Kishimoto (''Naruto''), Tite Kubo (''Bleach (manga), Bleach''), Hiro Mashima (''Fairy Tail'') and Kentaro Yabuki (''Black Cat (manga), Black Cat'') have cited ''Dragon Ball'' as an influence on their own now popular works. According to Thompson, "almost every ''Shonen Jump'' artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways." Ian Jones-Quartey, a producer of the American animated series ''Steven Universe'', is a fan of ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Dr. Slump'', and uses Toriyama's vehicle designs as a reference for his own. He also stated that "We're all big Toriyama fans on [''Steven Universe''], which kind of shows a bit." Comic book artist André Lima Araújo cited ''Dragon Ball'', along with several other manga and anime, as a major influence on his work, which includes Marvel comics such as ''Age of Ultron'', ''Avengers A.I.'', ''Spider-Verse'' and ''The Inhumans''. Filipino comic artist Dexter Soy, who has worked on Marvel and DC comics such as ''Captain America'', cited ''Dragon Ball'' as a major inspiration. ''Iron Man, Tony Stark: Iron Man'' #11 (2019) makes references to ''Dragon Ball Z'', including Miles Morales as Spider-Man referencing the Super Saiyan transformation.
FilmAn unofficial live-action Standard Chinese, Mandarin Chinese film adaptation of the series, ''Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins'', was released in Taiwan in 1989. In December 1990, the unofficial live-action Korean film ''Dragon Ball: Ssawora Son Goku, Igyeora Son Goku'' was released. Action film star Jackie Chan is a fan of the franchise, and said Goku is his favorite ''Dragon Ball'' character. In 1995, Chan had expressed some interest in adapting ''Dragon Ball'' into a film, but said it would require "a lot of amazing special effects and an enormous budget." Later in 2013, Toriyama said his ideal live-action Goku would have been a young Jackie Chan, stating that "nobody could play Goku but him." The Matrix (franchise), ''The Matrix'' franchise echoes ''Dragon Ball Z'' in several action scenes, including the climactic fights of the 2003 films ''Matrix Reloaded'' and ''Matrix Revolutions''. Filino-American film storyboard artist Jay Oliva has cited ''Dragon Ball'' as a major inspiration on his work, particularly the action scenes of 2013 Superman film ''Man of Steel (film), Man of Steel'', which launched the DC Extended Universe. Several films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe have also been visually influenced by ''Dragon Ball Z''. Erik Killmonger's battle armour in ''Black Panther (film), Black Panther'' (2018) bears a resemblance to Vegeta's battle armour, which actor Michael B. Jordan (himself a ''Dragon Ball'' fan) said may have inspired Killmonger's battle armor. The fiery look of Carol Danvers' Binary powers in ''Captain Marvel (film), Captain Marvel'' (2019) also drew some influence from ''Dragon Ball Z''.
Music and sports''Dragon Ball'' has been channeled and referenced by numerous musicians. It is popular in the hip hop community, and has been referenced in numerous Hip hop music, hip hop songs by rappers and artists such as Chris Brown, Chance the Rapper, Big Sean, Lil Uzi Vert, G-Mo Skee, The Weeknd, Childish Gambino, Thundercat (musician), Thundercat, B.o.B, Soulja Boy, Drake (rapper), Drake, Frank Ocean, and Sese. Mark Sammut of ''TheGamer'' notes that Gohan occasionally performs the Dab (dance), dab move (as The Great Saiyaman), decades before it became a popular hip-hop dance move in American popular culture. Numerous athletes have also channeled and referenced ''Dragon Ball'', including NBA basketball players such as Sacramento Kings guard De'Aaron Fox, Chicago Bulls forward Lauri Markkanen, Golden State Warriors player Jordan Bell, and Los Angeles Lakers guard Lonzo Ball, American football NFL stars such as Cleveland Browns players Darren Fells and David Njoku, mixed martial artist Ronda Rousey, and WWE wrestlers such as The New Day (wrestling), The New Day. Additionally, Canadian mixed martial artist Carlos Newton dubbed his fighting style "Dragon Ball Jiu-Jitsu" in tribute to the series. Other mixed martial artists inspired by ''Dragon Ball'' include Yushin Okami, Yoshihiro Akiyama and Yuya Wakamatsu. The French group Yamakasi cited ''Dragon Ball'' as an influence on their development of parkour, inspired by how the heroes attain extraordinary abilities through hard work.
Video gamesThe producer of the ''Tekken'' video game series, Katsuhiro Harada, said that ''Dragon Ball'' was one of the first works to visually depict Qi, chi and thereby influenced numerous Japanese video games, especially fighting games such as ''Tekken'' and ''Street Fighter''. Masaaki Ishikawa, art director of the video game ''Arms (video game), Arms'', said that its art style was largely influenced by ''Dragon Ball'' and ''Akira (manga), Akira''. French video game designer Éric Chahi also cited ''Dragon Ball'' as an influence on his 1991 cinematic platformer ''Another World (video game), Another World''. Other video game industry veterans who were inspired by ''Dragon Ball'' include Suda51, SWERY, Insomniac Games, Nina Freeman, Heart Machine, Iron Galaxy, and Mega64.