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Downtown Toronto is the city centre and main central business district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Located entirely within the district of Old Toronto, it is approximately 14 square kilometers in area, bounded by Bloor Street to the north, Lake Ontario to the south, the Don Valley to the east, and Bathurst Street to the west. It is also the governmental centre of the City of Toronto and the Province of Ontario. The area is made up of the Canada’s largest concentration of skyscrapers and businesses that form Toronto's skyline. Downtown Toronto has the third most skyscrapers in North America exceeding 200 metres (656 ft) in height, behind New York City and Chicago.[1]

Contents

1 Neighbourhoods

1.1 Landmarks 1.2 Neighbourhoods

2 Architecture 3 Education 4 Retail 5 Transportation 6 See also 7 References

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Aerial view of the Financial District from the CN Tower at night

The Financial District, centred on the intersection of Bay Street and King Street is the centre of Canada's financial industry. It contains the Toronto Stock Exchange, which is the largest in Canada and seventh in the world by market capitalization. The construction of skyscrapers in Downtown Toronto had started to rapidly increase during the 1960s. The retail core of the downtown is the Downtown Yonge area located along Yonge Street from Queen Street to College Street. There is a large cluster of retail centres and shops in the area, including the Toronto Eaton Centre indoor mall. There are an estimated 600 retail stores, 150 bars and restaurants, and 7 hotels. In recent years the area has been experiencing a renaissance as the Business Improvement Area (BIA) has brought in new retail and improved the cleanliness. The area has also seen the opening of the Dundas Square public square, a public space for holding performances and art displays. The area includes several live theatres, a movie complex at Dundas Square and the historic Massey Hall. Historical sites and landmarks include the Arts & Letter Club, the Church of the Holy Trinity, Mackenzie House, Maple Leaf Gardens, Old City Hall, and the Toronto Police Museum and Discovery Centre. The area of St. Lawrence to the east of the financial district is the oldest area of Toronto. It features heritage buildings, theatres, music, dining and many pubs. It is a community of distinct downtown neighbourhoods including the site of the original Town of York, which was Toronto's first neighbourhood, dating back to 1793. The area boasts one of the largest concentrations of 19th century buildings in Ontario. Of particular note are the St. Lawrence Hall, St. James' Cathedral, St. Michael's Cathedral, St. Paul's Basilica, the Enoch Turner School House, the Bank of Upper Canada, Le Royal Meridien King Edward Hotel, and the Gooderham Building. Further to the east is Corktown and the Distillery District. On Saturday there is a farmers market. To the west of the financial district is the Entertainment District. It is home to hundreds of restaurants, nightclubs, sporting facilities, boutiques, hotels, attractions, and live theatre. The district was formerly an industrial area and was redeveloped for entertainment purposes in the early 1980s, becoming a major centre for entertainment. The redevelopment started with the Mirvish family refurbishing of the Royal Alexandra Theatre and their construction of the Princess of Wales Theatre. The area is now the site of Roy Thomson Hall and the Canadian Broadcasting Centre. The Yorkville area, to the north, north of Bloor Street and the Mink Mile, has more than 700 designer boutiques, spas, restaurants, hotels, and world class galleries. It is a former village in its own right (prior to 1883) and since the early 1970s has developed into an up-scale shopping district. The intersection of Bloor and Yonge Streets is the intersection of the city's subway lines and is one of the busiest intersections in the city. At the intersection of Avenue Road and Bloor Street is the Royal Ontario Museum, the largest museum of the city, with a diverse anthropological and natural history collection. The Harbourfront area to the south was formerly an industrial and railway lands area. Since the 1970s, it has seen extensive redevelopment, including the building of the Rogers Centre stadium, numerous condominiums and the Harbourfront Centre waterfront revitalization. The area to the east of Yonge Street is still in transition, with conversion of industrial lands to mixed residential and commercial uses planned. The PATH Underground, which is an extensive network of tunnels connecting the buildings of the area, helps take people from off the streets, especially during the winter months. Among the important government headquarters there is the Ontario Legislature, and the Toronto City Hall. Landmarks[edit]

299 Queen Street West Air Canada Centre Art Gallery of Ontario Bathurst Street Theatre Brookfield Place Canadian Broadcasting Centre Canon Theatre CN Tower Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres First Canadian Place Four Seasons Centre Harbourfront Centre Hockey Hall of Fame Kensington Market Maple Leaf Gardens Nathan Phillips Square Old City Hall Osgoode Hall PATH Underground Princess of Wales Theatre Queen's Park Queens Quay Ricoh Coliseum Rogers Centre Royal Alexandra Theatre Royal Ontario Museum Roy Thomson Hall Ryerson University St. Lawrence Market Toronto City Hall Toronto Coach Terminal Toronto Eaton Centre Toronto Islands University of Toronto (St. George campus) Varsity Arena Yonge-Dundas Square

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Aerial view of downtown

Alexandra Park The Annex Cabbagetown Chinatown Church and Wellesley (the gay village) CityPlace Corktown Discovery District Distillery District Downtown Yonge Entertainment District Fashion District Financial District Garden District Grange Park Harbourfront Kensington Market Leslieville Moss Park Niagara Queen Street West Port Lands Regent Park St. James Town St. Lawrence Yorkville

Architecture[edit] Main article: Architecture of Toronto

View of downtown Toronto from the Gardiner Expressway.

In the 1970s, Toronto experienced major economic growth and surpassed Montreal to become the largest city in Canada. Many international and domestic businesses relocated to Toronto and created massive new skyscrapers in downtown. All of the Big Five banks constructed skyscrapers beginning in the late 1960s up until the early 1990s. Today downtown Toronto contains dozens of notable skyscrapers. The area's First Canadian Place is the tallest building in Canada at height of 298 metres (978 feet). The CN Tower, once the tallest free-standing structure in the world, remains the tallest such structure in the Americas, standing at 553.33 metres (1,815 ft., 5 inches). Other notable buildings include Scotia Plaza, TD Centre, Commerce Court, the Royal Bank Plaza, The Bay's flagship store, and the Fairmont Royal York Hotel. Since 2007, Urban consolidation has been centred in Downtown Toronto and as a result has been undergoing Manhattanization with the construction of new office towers, hotels and condos. Education[edit] The University of Toronto, established in 1827, is the oldest university in the province of Ontario and one of the world's leading public research institutions. The St. George campus is located in downtown Toronto. The area is also home to a number of other post-secondary educational institutions including Ryerson University, George Brown College the Ontario College of Art & Design and the Royal Conservatory of Music. There are many public schools of the Toronto District School Board in downtown Toronto. Retail[edit] Downtown Toronto is home to the flagship department stores of The Bay and Nordstrom's (formerly Sears Canada). The CF Toronto Eaton Centre, a large, multilevel enclosed shopping mall and office complex that spans several blocks and houses 330 stores, is the city's top tourist attraction with over one million visitors weekly. Transportation[edit]

A Toronto streetcar on Spadina Avenue.

The most famous and busiest road in Toronto is Yonge Street, which begins at the end of Lake Ontario and runs through downtown, continuing north all the way to the city of Barrie, Ontario. Other streets such as Dundas, Bloor, Queen, King, and University are also very popular. The Toronto Transit Commission administers the Toronto area's public transportation system. Nearby airports include Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, which is adjacent to downtown, and the much larger Toronto Pearson International Airport located 27 km to the northwest. See also[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Toronto - Downtown East.

List of central business districts

Other major business districts of Toronto

Midtown Toronto North York City Centre Scarborough City Centre Islington–City Centre West

References[edit]

^ http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/

v t e

Neighbourhoods in Toronto

Old Toronto

Alexandra Park Allenby The Annex The Beaches Bedford Park Bickford Park Bloor West Village Bloor Street Culture Corridor Bloordale Village Bracondale Hill Brockton Village Cabbagetown Carleton Village Casa Loma Chaplin Estates Chinatown Christie Pits Church and Wellesley CityPlace Corktown Corso Italia Davenport Davisville Village Deer Park Discovery District Distillery District Downtown Yonge Dovercourt Park Dufferin Grove Earlscourt East Bayfront District East Danforth East Toronto Entertainment District Fashion District Financial District Forest Hill Garden District Gerrard India Bazaar Grange Park Greektown Harbord Village Harbourfront High Park North The Junction Junction Triangle Kensington Market Koreatown Lawrence Park Leslieville Liberty Village Little Italy Little Portugal Little Tibet Lytton Park Midtown Moore Park Moss Park Niagara North Toronto Norway Old Town Palmerston Parkdale Playter Estates Port Lands Quayside Queen Street West Railway Lands Regent Park Riverdale Roncesvalles Rosedale Runnymede St. James Town St. Lawrence Seaton Village South Hill South Core Summerhill Swansea Toronto Islands Trefann Court Trinity–Bellwoods Upper Beaches Uptown Toronto The Ward West Don Lands (Canary District) Wychwood Park Yonge–Eglinton Yorkville

North York

Amesbury Armour Heights Bathurst Manor Bayview Village Bayview Woods – Steeles Bermondsey Bridle Path Clanton Park Don Mills Don Valley Village Downsview Flemingdon Park Glen Park Graydon Hall Henry Farm Hillcrest Village Hoggs Hollow Humber Summit Humbermede Jane and Finch Lansing Lawrence Heights Lawrence Manor Maple Leaf Newtonbrook North York City Centre Parkway Forest Parkwoods Pelmo Park – Humberlea Pleasant View Victoria Village Westminster–Branson Willowdale York Mills York University Heights

Scarborough

Agincourt Armadale Bendale Birch Cliff Brown's Corners Clairlea Cliffcrest Cliffside Dorset Park Eglinton East Golden Mile Guildwood Highland Creek Ionview L'Amoreaux Malvern Maryvale Milliken Morningside Morningside Heights Oakridge Port Union Rouge Scarborough City Centre Scarborough Junction Scarborough Village Steeles Tam O'Shanter – Sullivan West Hill West Rouge Wexford Woburn

Etobicoke

Alderwood Clairville Eatonville The Elms Eringate – Centennial – West Deane Humber Heights – Westmount Humber Valley Village Islington–City Centre West Humberwood Kingsview Village The Kingsway Long Branch Markland Wood Mimico New Toronto Princess Gardens Rexdale Richview The Queensway – Humber Bay Smithfield Thistletown

York

Baby Point Fairbank Humewood–Cedarvale Lambton Little Jamaica Mount Dennis Oakwood–Vaughan Old Mill Rockcliffe–Smythe Silverthorn Tichester Weston

East York

Bermondsey Crescent Town Governor's Bridge Leaside O'Connor–Parkview Old East York Pape Village Thorncliffe Park

Italics indicate neighbourhoods now defunct. For information on the evolution of each neighbourhood in general, see History of neighbourhoods in Toronto.

v t e

Toronto

Features

General outline Demographics Name Flag Coat of arms Sister cities Notable Torontonians

History

Toronto Carrying-Place Trail Fort Rouillé Fort York Toronto Purchase York Battle of York Battle of Montgomery's Tavern Great Fire of 1849 Great Fire of 1904 1918 Toronto anti-Greek riot Centennial of the City Metro Toronto Hurricane Hazel

effects

Amalgamation of Toronto 2010 G20 Toronto summit Toronto van attack Oldest buildings

Lost

National Historic Sites Timeline Former municipalities

Geography

Greater Toronto Area Golden Horseshoe Great Lakes Megalopolis Neighbourhoods

History Demographics Official list

Downtown Parks Waterfront Harbour Don River Humber River Rouge River Toronto Islands Leslie Street Spit Scarborough Bluffs Ravine system Native trees Fauna

Economy

Bay Street Financial District Hotels Tourism Toronto Stock Exchange Toronto Region Board of Trade Skyscrapers

Politics

Municipal government Elections City of Toronto Act Mayor List of Mayors City Council City Hall

Toronto Government and Public Services

Crime Graffiti

Public services

Paramedic Services Fire Health and Toronto Public Health Hospitals Parks, Forestry and Recreation

Recreation Centres

Police Solid Waste Management Water Works and Emergency Services

Education

Primary/Secondary

Toronto District School Board Catholic District School Board Conseil scolaire Viamonde Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir

Post-secondary

Collège Boréal Centennial College George Brown College Humber College OCAD University Ryerson University Seneca College Tyndale University College and Seminary University of Guelph-Humber University of Toronto York University

Libraries

Toronto Public Library

Toronto Reference Library List of Toronto Public Library branches

Toronto Tool Library

Culture

Attractions

Landmarks

Tourism Architecture Cinemas Media outlets Cuisine Sports

Sports teams Amateur sports Labour Day Classic

Shopping malls Annual events

List of Asian events in Toronto

List of fiction set in Toronto Films set in Toronto Films shot in Toronto Hollywood North Let's All Hate Toronto Places of worship Churches in Toronto Synagogues in Toronto

Transportation

Public transportation

Toronto Transit Commission GO Transit Metrolinx Union Pearson Express

Other transportation services

Toronto Transportation Services PortsToronto Parking Authority Airports Island Ferry Roads

North–South East–West Diagonal

Bridges Bike Share Cycling

Category Portal WikiProject

Coordinates: 43°39′9.01″N 79°23′0.81″W / 43.6525028°N 79.3835583°W / 43.6525028;