The Info List - Downing Street Declaration

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The Downing Street Declaration (DSD) was a joint declaration issued on 15 December 1993 by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, John Major, and the Taoiseach
of the Republic of Ireland, Albert Reynolds at the British Prime Minister's office in 10 Downing Street. The declaration affirmed both the right of the people of Ireland to self-determination, and that Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
would be transferred to the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
only if a majority of its population was in favour of such a move. It also included, as part of the prospective of the so-called "Irish dimension", the principle of consent that the people of the island of Ireland, had the exclusive right to solve the issues between North and South by mutual consent.[1][2] The latter statement, which later would become one of the points of the Good Friday Agreement,[3] was key to produce a positive change of attitude by the republicans towards a negotiated settlement. The joint declaration also pledged the governments to seek a peaceful constitutional settlement, and promised that parties linked with paramilitaries (such as Sinn Féin) could take part in the talks, so long as they abandoned violence.[4] The declaration, after a meeting between Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
President Gerry Adams and American congressman Bruce Morrison, which was followed by a joint statement issued by Adams and John Hume, was considered sufficient by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
to announce a ceasefire on 31 August 1994[5] which was then followed on 13 October by an announcement of a ceasefire from the Combined Loyalist Military Command.[6] See also[edit]

Principle of consent


^ Peatling, Gary (2004). The failure of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process. Irish Academic Press, p. 58; ISBN 0-7165-3336-7 ^ Cox, Michael, Guelke, Adrian and Stephen, Fiona (2006). A farewell to arms?: beyond the Good Friday Agreement. Manchester University Press, p. 486; ISBN 0-7190-7115-1 ^ Clark, Desmond and Jones, Charles (1999). The rights of nations: nations and nationalism in a changing world. Palgrave Macmillan, p. 168; ISBN 0-312-22595-4 ^ Cox & Guelke, pp. 487-88 ^ Rowan, Brian (1995). Behind the lines: the story of the IRA and Loyalist ceasefires . Blackstaff Press, Chapter 8. ISBN 0-85640-564-7 ^ CAIN- Chronology of the Conflict 1994, cain.ulst.ac.uk; accessed 4 March 2016.

External links[edit]

Photos & Recordings of the Inaugural Meeting of the College Historical Society held on the Downing Street Declaration, reuniting Sir John Major, Sir Roderic Lyne and Martin Mansergh
Martin Mansergh
in November 2007. Downing Street Declaration. Department of Foreign Affairs. Ireland. House of Commons Hansard Debates for December 15, 1993. The Prime Minister speaks to the House of Commons about the Downing Street/Joint Declaration. Research guide from University of Ulster on The Troubles, cain.ulst.ac.uk; accessed 4 March 2016.

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The Troubles

History of Northern Ireland History of Ireland Irish nationalism Irish republicanism Ulster unionism Ulster loyalism Books about the Troubles


Republican paramilitaries

Provisional IRA (timeline) Official IRA Irish National Liberation Army
Irish National Liberation Army
(timeline) Continuity IRA (timeline) Real IRA (timeline) IPLO (timeline)

Security forces

United Kingdom British Army Royal Air Force Royal Navy Northern Ireland Ulster Defence Regiment/Royal Irish Regiment Royal Ulster Constabulary/Ulster Special
Constabulary Republic of Ireland Garda Síochána Irish Army

Loyalist paramilitaries

Ulster Defence Association
Ulster Defence Association
(timeline) Ulster Volunteer Force
Ulster Volunteer Force
(timeline) Loyalist Volunteer Force Red Hand Commando Ulster Resistance Linked to: Some RUC and British Army
British Army

Political parties


Ulster Unionist Party Democratic Unionist Party Progressive Unionist Party UK Unionist Party Traditional Unionist Voice Ulster Vanguard Ulster Democratic Party


Social Democratic & Labour Party Sinn Féin Irish Republican Socialist Party Workers' Party of Ireland Republican Sinn Féin Irish Independence Party


Alliance Party



Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
civil rights movement begins (1967) August riots and beginning of Operation Banner
Operation Banner
(1969) Falls Curfew
Falls Curfew
(1970) Internment without trial begins with Operation Demetrius
Operation Demetrius
(1971) Irish government enacts broadcasting restrictions (1971) Bloody Sunday by British Army
British Army
(1972) Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
government dissolved; direct rule from London begins (1972) Bloody Friday by IRA (1972) Operation Motorman
Operation Motorman
ends no-go areas (1972) Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
establishes power-sharing Assembly (1973) Ulster Workers' Council strike brings down Agreement and power-sharing (1974) Dublin and Monaghan bombings
Dublin and Monaghan bombings
by UVF (1974) Birmingham pub bombings
Birmingham pub bombings
by IRA (1974) Kingsmill massacre
Kingsmill massacre
by IRA (1976) Warrenpoint ambush
Warrenpoint ambush
by IRA (1979) 1981 Irish hunger strike; hunger striker Bobby Sands
Bobby Sands
elected MP; Sinn Féin begins to move towards electoral politics (1981) Droppin Well bombing
Droppin Well bombing
by INLA (1982) Brighton hotel bombing
Brighton hotel bombing
by IRA (1984)

Anglo-Irish Agreement
Anglo-Irish Agreement
(1985) Newry mortar attack by IRA (1985) Loughgall ambush
Loughgall ambush
by British Army
British Army
(1987) Remembrance Day bombing
Remembrance Day bombing
by IRA (1987) Peace Process begins (1988) Operation Flavius, Milltown Cemetery attack
Milltown Cemetery attack
and Corporals killings (1988) British government introduces broadcasting restrictions (1988) Bishopsgate bombing (1993) Downing Street Declaration (1993) Shankill bombing and Greysteel massacre
Greysteel massacre
(1993) Loughinisland massacre
Loughinisland massacre
by UVF (1994) First IRA and loyalist ceasefires (1994) Docklands and Manchester bombings by IRA (1996) Drumcree riots (1997) Second IRA ceasefire (1997) Good Friday Agreement
Good Friday Agreement
(1998) signals the end of the Troubles Omagh bombing
Omagh bombing
by the Real IRA (1998)

Other issues and topics

Segregation Peace lines/Interface areas Parades Flags Collusion The Disappeared Shoot-to-kill policy Diplock courts Special
Category Status Five techniques Punishment shootings Murals The Troubles
The Troubles
in popular culture List of books about the Troubles

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Steps in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process

Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
(1973) Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention (1975) Atkins Talks (Constitutional Conference) (1980) Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly (1982) ("rolling devolution") Anglo-Irish Agreement
Anglo-Irish Agreement
(1985) Brooke/Mayhew inter-party talks (1991-1992) Downing Street Declaration (1993) Establishment of the IICD (1997) Good Friday Agreement
Good Friday Agreement
(1998) Amendment of Articles 2 and 3 (1999) Establishment of the Independent Monitoring Commission (2003) IRA Ceasefire
& Decommissioning (2005) St Andrews Agreement
St Andrews Agreement
(2006) Hillsborough Castle Agreement
Hillsborough Castle Agreement
(2010) Stormont House Agreement (2014)

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John Major

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(1990–1997) Leader of the Conservative Party (1990–1997) Chancellor of the Exchequer
Chancellor of the Exchequer
(1989–1990) Foreign Secretary (1989) MP for Huntingdon (1979–2001)


First ministry (1990–1992) Second ministry (1992–1997) Gulf War Citizen's Charter Cones Hotline Black Wednesday Maastricht Rebels Newbury by-election Downing Street Declaration Child Support Agency Vote of confidence Back to Basics Privatisation of British Rail Cash for Questions Wirral South by-election Resignation Honours


Conservatism Shadow Cabinet

General elections

1992 1997

Party elections

1990 1995


More Than a Game: The Story of Cricket's Early Years (2007)


Norma Major
Norma Major
(wife) Terry Major-Ball (brother) Tom Major-Ball (father)