Dow Corning is an American multinational corporation headquartered in
Midland, Michigan, United States. Originally established as a joint
venture between the
Dow Chemical Company
Dow Chemical Company and Corning Incorporated, it
is now owned by
DowDuPont and specializes in silicone and
silicon-based technology, and is the largest silicone product producer
in the world.
3 Breast implants
4 See also
6 External links
Dow Corning, Bay City
Dow Corning was formally established in 1943 as a joint venture
between the American conglomerates
Dow Chemical and
Corning Glass to
explore the potential of silicone and was a manufacturer of products
for use by the U.S. military in World War II. The company began
operating its first plant, in Midland, MI, in 1945. Dr. E. C. Sullivan
was named president, and Dr. William R. Collings was named general
manager in 1943. Dr. Collings later became president from 1954 until
1962. It expanded into Canada and Europe in 1948, and into South
America and Japan in 1961.
A large, majority-owned subsidiary of
Dow Corning Corporation is the
Semiconductor Corporation. It is one of the world's largest
producers of high-purity polycrystalline silicon, which is sold in
varying purity grades for use in both semiconductor silicon wafer
manufacture and photovoltaics applications as solar cells.
In 2002, the company created the Xiameter brand as an online-only
distributor. As of 2011, Xiameter offers 2,100 of Dow Corning’s
On November 13, 2014, Dow Chemical's CEO
Andrew N. Liveris
Andrew N. Liveris revealed in
a presentation to investors that Corning Incorporated intended to exit
the joint venture of 71 years, citing other priorities. Following
the December 11, 2015 announcement that it would merge with DuPont,
Dow also announced that it had reached a deal to acquire Corning's
Dow Corning in exchange for $4.8 billion in cash and Corning
gaining a roughly 40% stake in Hemlock
Semiconductor Corporation. Dow
Chemical assumed full ownership of
Dow Corning on June 1, 2016.
Dow Corning markets over 7000 products include various sealants,
adhesives, rubbers, lubricants, silicon oils and solvents. Around
2,100 of these are available through the
Dow Corning online-only
distributor Xiameter, including fluids, gels, resins. The range of
industries targeted by
Dow Corning products spans from electronics and
automotive to construction, healthcare and others. In recent years,
the company has expanded production of solar cells, particularly
through its majority stake in Hemlock, which accounts for a
polysilicon franchise worth over $1 billion. In 2011, then-CTO
Gregg Zank explained that the company tries to focus its product
development on societal “megatrends” (e.g. energy scarcity and
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, class-action lawsuits claimed that
Dow Corning's silicone breast implants caused systemic health
problems. The claims first centered on breast cancer and then migrated
to a range of autoimmune diseases, including lupus, rheumatoid
arthritis and various neurological problems. This led to numerous
lawsuits beginning in 1984 and culminating in a 1998
multibillion-dollar class action settlement. As a result, Dow
Corning was in bankruptcy protection for nine years, ending in June
2004 during which time it largely withdrew from clinical
A number of large, independent reviews of the scientific literature,
including the Institute of Medicine in the United States, have
subsequently found that silicone breast implants do not cause breast
cancers or any identifiable systemic disease. On March 21, 2017 the
FDA came out with a statement acknowledging that silicone and saline
breast implant are linked to a rare form of cancer called anaplastic
LaRoche cell lymphoma or (ALCL) thus far it is proven to have caused 9
deaths . These findings have caused an uptick in breast implant
Breast implant controversy
Dow Corning fast facts (June 13, 2013)
^ "Five things to know about Michigan-based
Dow Corning Corp".
^ a b Robert Westervelt (June 24, 2011). "Dow Corning". Chemical Week.
Retrieved 2015-02-10. Dow Corning, a 50–50 jv between Dow Chemical
and Corning, is the world’s largest silicones producer and has a
controlling 62.5% stake in Hemlock
Semiconductor (Hemlock, MI), the
world’s leading producer of polysilicon used in semiconductor and
solar wafer production. ...
^ a b c "Michigan-based Dow Corning: Timeline of a global success
story". Retrieved 17 March 2015.
^ Kaskey, Jack (13 November 2014). "Dow Says Corning Wants to Exit
71-Year-Old Venture". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 November
^ "Corning to Swap Stake In
Dow Corning For $4.8 Billion,
Semiconductor Stake". wsj.com. wsj.com. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 11
Dow Chemical to Take Full Control of
Dow Corning Venture".
Bloomberg News. Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
^ "Dow Corning: Solar, Sustainability Drive Turnaround". IHS Chemical
Week Magazine. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
^ "Innovation in chemicals: An interview with Dow Corning's CEO and
CTO". McKinsey’s & Company. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
^ independent.co.uk – $2.4bn breast-implant offer, 1997-08-26
^ Chronology of silicone breast implants. Frontline
^ Reisch, M. (2004). "Out of the Woods". Chemical & Engineering
News. 82 (15): 5. doi:10.1021/cen-v082n015.p005.
^ Reisch, M. S. (1993). "
Dow Corning Moving Back on Track Following
Breast Implant Controversy". Chemical & Engineering News. 71 (2):
Gina Kolata (June 21, 1999). "Panel Confirms No Major Illness Tied
to Implants". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-10. An independent
panel of 13 scientists convened by the Institute of Medicine at the
request of Congress has concluded that silicone breast implants do not
cause any major diseases.
^ Colas, André; Curtis, Jim (2004). Biomaterials Science, Second
Edition: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine (PDF). Elsevier,
Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-582463-7.
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