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Doti
Doti
District (Nepali: डोटी जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), is one of the 75 districts of Nepal, This district, with Silgadhi as its headquarters, covers an area of 2,025 square kilometres (782 sq mi) with a population of 207,066 in 2001 and increasing marginally to 211,746 in 2011.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Raikas of Doti
Doti
and their lineage 1.2 Conflict with Gorkha Kingdom

2 Dotyali language. 3 Geography and climate 4 Towns and villages 5 See also 6 References

History[edit] Doti
Doti
was a medieval kingdom of Kumaon. It was founded by Niranjan Malla Dev, the last son of the Katyuri dynasty and younger brother of Abhay Pal of Askot. Previously, the area between Ramganga
Ramganga
in the west and the Karnali River in the east was under the control of the Raikas (rulers of the Doti
Doti
kingdom, alternately Kumaun or Rainka Maharaj).[2] Ancient Doti
Doti
was a part of Kumaon_Kingdom, Now remaining Kumaon region is part of Uttrakhand
Uttrakhand
a state in modern-day india, Nepal's neighboring country. Kingdom of Kumaon lost Doti
Doti
during Exapnsion of Nepal
Nepal
Kingdom in 1790. It was formed after the Katyuri Kingdom's disintegration during the 13th century.[3] Doti
Doti
was one of eight different princely states formed after the disintegration, and all claim Katyuri heritage.[4] The seven other known states are:

Baijnath-Katyuri Dwarahat Baramandal Askot Sira Sora Sui (Kali Kumaon)

The Katyuri Kingdom's dissolution is attributed to the invasion of Khas Kings Ashoka Challa and Krachalla, from the Karnali zone (Dullu) in 1191 and 1223 respectively.[5] Later, the whole land between Ramganga
Ramganga
in the west (Uttarakhand) and the Karnali in the east (which divides the far western region from other parts of Nepal), came under the Raikas' rule — after the establishment of the Katyuri's dynastic Raikas Doti. Brahma
Brahma
Dev Mandi at Kanchanpur; a district within Mahakali, was established by Katyuri King Brahma
Brahma
Dev. Raikas of Doti
Doti
and their lineage[edit] Historical evidence [6] of the following raikas has been discovered:

Niranjan Malla Dev (founder of Doti
Doti
Kingdom beginning of the 13th century) Nagi Malla (1238) Ripu Malla (1279) Nirai Pal (1353) may be from Askot
Askot
as historical evidence from 1354 AD relating to him has been found in Almora.[7] Nag Malla (1384) Dhir Malla (1400) Ripu Malla (1410) Anand Malla (1430) Balinarayan Malla (1400)[8] Sansar Malla (1442) Kalyan Malla (1443) Suratan Malla (1478) Kriti Malla (1482) Prithivi Malla (1488) Medini Jay Malla (1512) Ashok Malla (1517) Raj Malla (1539) Arjun Malla/Shahi (1500 [8]) Bhupati Malla/Shahi (1558) Sagaram Shahi (1567) Hari Malla/Shahi (1581; last Raika of Sira, and the adjoining part of Nepal[8][9]) Rudra Shahi (1630) Vikram Shahi (1642) Mandhata Shahi (1671) Raghunath Shahi (1690) Hari Shahi (1720) Krishna Shahi (1760) Deep Shahi (1785) Prithivi Pati Shahi (1790; He had fought against the Gorkha Ruler as also with the British in 1814 AD)[10][11]

Conflict with Gorkha Kingdom[edit] The historic place of war between the Doti
Doti
Kingdom and Gorkha kingdom during the period of Expanding Kingdom of Nepal
Nepal
in 1790, is Nari-Dang which lies on the bank of the Seti River and Dumrakot was the base of the Doti
Doti
Kingdom during the fighting against the Gorkhalis.[12] Doti
Doti
was captured by Gorkha forces, and the Gorkha rulers went on to destroy several historical sites in Doti
Doti
— attempting to cover its legendary bravery and tenacity.[12] The Dotyali people were also subject to ethnic prejudice, and were frequently excluded from government jobs and offices of state.[12] Somehow in 1950, a few Dotyalis established their identities as national heroes based solely on their courage, daring, and contribution to their country.[12] Noted among them are Martyr
Martyr
Dashrath Chand Ministry of Home Affairs, Martyr Bhim Dutta Pant Ministry of Home Affairs, and K.I. Singh,[13][14] a revolutionary leader who later became prime minister. Dotyali language.[edit] Dotiyali is the local language spoken in the Doti
Doti
region; the far western region of Nepal, which is similar to the Kumauni language, a language spoken by people of Kumaon, a state in modern-day india, Nepal's neighboring country. According to Rahul Sankrityayan, Dotiyali is the dialect of the Kumauni language which was brought to Doti
Doti
by a section of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaun which had ruled over Doti until 1790.[12] The Doti
Doti
kingdom was formed after the Katyuri kingdom had broken up into eight different princely states of different sections of the Katyuris. However, in Nepal
Nepal
it is considered as a Nepali dialect; though Local intellectuals and people of Doti, those who are speaking Dotiyali language that they are increasingly demanding their language to be recognized as one of the national language of Nepal.[15] Geography and climate[edit]

Climate Zone[16] Elevation Range % of Area

Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  0.1%

Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters 1,000 to 3,300 ft. 22.2%

Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters 3,300 to 6,600 ft. 58.8%

Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters 6,400 to 9,800 ft. 17.6%

Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters 9,800 to 13,100 ft.  1.2%

Towns and villages[edit]

Map of the VDCs in Doti
Doti
District

Banalek Banja Kakani Barchhen Basudevi Bhawardanda Bhadhegaun Bhumirajmandau Changra Chhapali Chhatiwan Dahakalikasthan Daud Dhanglagau Dhirkamandau Durgamandau Gadasera Gaguda Gaihragaun Ganjari Ghanteshwar Girichauka Jijodamandau Kadamandau Kalena Kalikasthan Kanachaur Kapalleki Kedar Akhada Khatiwada Khirsain Ladagada Lamikhal Lana Kedareshwar Latamandau Lakshminagar Mahadevsthan Mannakapadi Mudabhara Mudhegaun Nirauli Pachanali Pokhara Ranagaun Sanagaun Saraswatinagar Satphari Simchaur Tijali Tikha Tikhatar Toleni Wagalek Warpata

See also[edit]

Doti Zones of Nepal Khaptad Lake

References[edit]

^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ Badri Datta Pande ; History of Kumaun (1937) ^ Bhoj Raj Bhattrai. A Historey of Doti
Doti
Kingdom. ^ Prof.Dr. Jay Raj pant wrote "Far-Western region of Nepal
Nepal
is called Doti
Doti
Culturally "  : In History of Doti
Doti
Kingdom (2013) ^ Yaswant Singh Kathoch. A New History of Ittarakhand. ^ Badri Dutt Pandey. History of Kumaun. ^ Advin T. Atkinson (Translated by Ramesh Thapaliyal) (2003). "An old stone has found on the hills of Almora
Almora
in which name Niraipal and 1348 written". Himalayan Gazetteer Hindi Edition. ISBN 8190100130. p. 267. ^ a b c Dr. Ram Singh; A New History of Uttarakhand(2006).Mall Raikas of Sira.. ^ Advin T. Atkinson ; Himalayan Gazetteer; ( Translated by Ramesh Thapaliyal ) Hindi Edition (2003) ISBN 8190100130;..Page 285..Rudra Chand had captured whole territory east of kaliriver in 1581 along with Sira.. ^ Advin T. Atkinson(2003). "Doteli King and East india company agreed to help each other". Himalayan Gazetteer Hindi Edition. p. 380. ^ Raja Ram Subedi (1997). History of Karnali Region. Subedi has mentioned Pritivipati Shah went to pilibhit and offered his service to British india. ^ a b c d e "History of Nepal". T.R.Vaidya Publications. Archived from the original on 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ Time magazine. 5 August 1957. ^ The New York Times. 6 October 1982. State Guest of PR of China in 1952 for three years during the rule of Mao Tse-tung & Chou en Lai ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal
Nepal
- a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 

Sources

"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.  A New History of Uttarakhand by Y.S. Kathoach Dotiyali language

v t e

Districts of Nepal

Province No. 1

Bhojpur Dhankuta Ilam Jhapa Khotang Morang Okhaldhunga Panchthar Sankhuwasabha Solukhumbu Sunsari Taplejung Terhathum Udayapur

Province No. 2

Bara Parsa Dhanusha Mahottari Rautahat Saptari Sarlahi Siraha

Province No. 3

Bhaktapur Chitwan Dhading Dolakha Kathmandu Kavrepalanchok Lalitpur Makwanpur Nuwakot Ramechhap Rasuwa Sindhuli Sindhupalchok

Province No. 4

Baglung Gorkha Kaski Lamjung Manang Mustang Myagdi Nawalpur Parbat Syangja Tanahun

Province No. 5

Arghakhanchi Banke Bardiya Dang Eastern Rukum Gulmi Kapilavastu Parasi Palpa Pyuthan Rolpa Rupandehi

Karnali Pradesh

Dailekh Dolpa Humla Jajarkot Jumla Kalikot Mugu Salyan Surkhet Western Rukum

Province No. 7

Achham Baitadi Bajhang Bajura Dadeldhura Darchula Doti Kailali Kanchanpur

Coordinates: 29°16′N 80°56′E / 29.267°N 80.933°E / 29.267; 80.933

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