Doti District (Nepali: डोटी
जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), is one of the 75
districts of Nepal, This district, with Silgadhi as its headquarters,
covers an area of 2,025 square kilometres (782 sq mi) with a
population of 207,066 in 2001 and increasing marginally to 211,746 in
1.1 Raikas of
Doti and their lineage
1.2 Conflict with Gorkha Kingdom
2 Dotyali language.
3 Geography and climate
4 Towns and villages
5 See also
Doti was a medieval kingdom of Kumaon. It was founded by Niranjan
Malla Dev, the last son of the Katyuri dynasty and younger brother of
Abhay Pal of Askot. Previously, the area between
Ramganga in the west
and the Karnali River in the east was under the control of the Raikas
(rulers of the
Doti kingdom, alternately Kumaun or Rainka Maharaj).
Doti was a part of Kumaon_Kingdom, Now remaining Kumaon region
is part of
Uttrakhand a state in modern-day india, Nepal's neighboring
country. Kingdom of Kumaon lost
Doti during Exapnsion of
in 1790. It was formed after the Katyuri Kingdom's disintegration
during the 13th century.
Doti was one of eight different princely
states formed after the disintegration, and all claim Katyuri
heritage. The seven other known states are:
Sui (Kali Kumaon)
The Katyuri Kingdom's dissolution is attributed to the invasion of
Khas Kings Ashoka Challa and Krachalla, from the Karnali zone (Dullu)
in 1191 and 1223 respectively. Later, the whole land between
Ramganga in the west (Uttarakhand) and the Karnali in the east (which
divides the far western region from other parts of Nepal), came under
the Raikas' rule — after the establishment of the Katyuri's dynastic
Brahma Dev Mandi at Kanchanpur; a district within
Mahakali, was established by Katyuri King
Doti and their lineage
Historical evidence  of the following raikas has been discovered:
Niranjan Malla Dev (founder of
Doti Kingdom beginning of the 13th
Nagi Malla (1238)
Ripu Malla (1279)
Nirai Pal (1353) may be from
Askot as historical evidence from 1354 AD
relating to him has been found in Almora.
Nag Malla (1384)
Dhir Malla (1400)
Ripu Malla (1410)
Anand Malla (1430)
Balinarayan Malla (1400)
Sansar Malla (1442)
Kalyan Malla (1443)
Suratan Malla (1478)
Kriti Malla (1482)
Prithivi Malla (1488)
Medini Jay Malla (1512)
Ashok Malla (1517)
Raj Malla (1539)
Arjun Malla/Shahi (1500 )
Bhupati Malla/Shahi (1558)
Sagaram Shahi (1567)
Hari Malla/Shahi (1581; last Raika of Sira, and the adjoining part of
Rudra Shahi (1630)
Vikram Shahi (1642)
Mandhata Shahi (1671)
Raghunath Shahi (1690)
Hari Shahi (1720)
Krishna Shahi (1760)
Deep Shahi (1785)
Prithivi Pati Shahi (1790; He had fought against the Gorkha Ruler as
also with the British in 1814 AD)
Conflict with Gorkha Kingdom
The historic place of war between the
Doti Kingdom and Gorkha kingdom
during the period of Expanding Kingdom of
Nepal in 1790, is Nari-Dang
which lies on the bank of the Seti River and Dumrakot was the base of
Doti Kingdom during the fighting against the Gorkhalis.
Doti was captured by Gorkha forces, and the Gorkha rulers went on to
destroy several historical sites in
Doti — attempting to cover its
legendary bravery and tenacity. The Dotyali people were also
subject to ethnic prejudice, and were frequently excluded from
government jobs and offices of state. Somehow in 1950, a few
Dotyalis established their identities as national heroes based solely
on their courage, daring, and contribution to their country. Noted
among them are
Martyr Dashrath Chand Ministry of Home Affairs, Martyr
Bhim Dutta Pant Ministry of Home Affairs, and K.I. Singh, a
revolutionary leader who later became prime minister.
Dotiyali is the local language spoken in the
Doti region; the far
western region of Nepal, which is similar to the Kumauni language, a
language spoken by people of Kumaon, a state in modern-day india,
Nepal's neighboring country. According to Rahul Sankrityayan, Dotiyali
is the dialect of the Kumauni language which was brought to
Doti by a
section of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaun which had ruled over Doti
until 1790. The
Doti kingdom was formed after the Katyuri kingdom
had broken up into eight different princely states of different
sections of the Katyuris. However, in
Nepal it is considered as a
Nepali dialect; though Local intellectuals and people of Doti, those
who are speaking Dotiyali language that they are increasingly
demanding their language to be recognized as one of the national
language of Nepal.
Geography and climate
% of Area
below 300 meters (1,000 ft)
300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Towns and villages
Map of the VDCs in
Zones of Nepal
^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)"
(PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November
2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved
November 2012. Check date values in: access-date= (help)
^ Badri Datta Pande ; History of Kumaun (1937)
^ Bhoj Raj Bhattrai. A Historey of
^ Prof.Dr. Jay Raj pant wrote "Far-Western region of
Nepal is called
Doti Culturally " : In History of
Doti Kingdom (2013)
^ Yaswant Singh Kathoch. A New History of Ittarakhand.
^ Badri Dutt Pandey. History of Kumaun.
^ Advin T. Atkinson (Translated by Ramesh Thapaliyal) (2003). "An old
stone has found on the hills of
Almora in which name Niraipal and 1348
written". Himalayan Gazetteer Hindi Edition. ISBN 8190100130. p.
^ a b c Dr. Ram Singh; A New History of Uttarakhand(2006).Mall Raikas
^ Advin T. Atkinson ; Himalayan Gazetteer; ( Translated by Ramesh
Thapaliyal ) Hindi Edition (2003) ISBN 8190100130;..Page
285..Rudra Chand had captured whole territory east of kaliriver in
1581 along with Sira..
^ Advin T. Atkinson(2003). "Doteli King and East india company agreed
to help each other". Himalayan Gazetteer Hindi Edition. p. 380.
^ Raja Ram Subedi (1997). History of Karnali Region. Subedi has
mentioned Pritivipati Shah went to pilibhit and offered his service to
^ a b c d e "History of Nepal". T.R.Vaidya Publications. Archived from
the original on 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
^ Time magazine. 5 August 1957.
^ The New York Times. 6 October 1982. State Guest of PR of China in
1952 for three years during the rule of Mao Tse-tung & Chou en Lai
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved
^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of
Nepal - a
forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), .
Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and
CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1,
retrieved Nov 22, 2013
"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.
A New History of Uttarakhand by Y.S. Kathoach
Districts of Nepal
Province No. 1
Province No. 2
Province No. 3
Province No. 4
Province No. 5
Province No. 7
Coordinates: 29°16′N 80°56′E / 29.267°N 80.933°E /
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