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Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(July 15, 1905 – March 28, 1974) was an American librettist and lyricist. She wrote over 400 songs for Broadway musicals and films. Her best-known pieces include "The Way You Look Tonight", "A Fine Romance", "On the Sunny Side of the Street", "Don't Blame Me", "Pick Yourself Up", "I'm in the Mood for Love" and "You Couldn't Be Cuter" Throughout her career, she collaborated with various influential figures in the American musical theater, including Jerome Kern, Cy Coleman, Irving Berlin, and Jimmy McHugh. Along with Ann Ronell, Dana Suesse, Bernice Petkere, and Kay Swift, she was one of the first successful Tin Pan Alley
Tin Pan Alley
and Hollywood
Hollywood
female songwriters.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Cultural references 5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit]

Katharine Cornell, Aline MacMahon
Aline MacMahon
and Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
serve soldiers played by Lon McCallister
Lon McCallister
and Michael Harrison in the film, Stage Door Canteen (1943)

Fields was born in Allenhurst, New Jersey,[1] and grew up in New York City. Fields went to and graduated in 1923 from the Benjamin Franklin School for Girls in New York City. At school, she was outstanding in the subjects of English, drama, and basketball. Her poems were even published in the school’s literary magazine. Her family was deeply involved in show business. Her father, Lew Fields, was a Jewish immigrant from Poland who partnered with Joe Weber to become one of the most popular comedy duos near the end of the nineteenth century. They were known as the Weber and Fields vaudeville act. When the duo separated in 1904, Lew Fields
Lew Fields
went on to further his career in another direction, by becoming one of the most influential theater producers of his time. From 1904 till 1916, he produced about 40 Broadway shows, and was even nicknamed “The King of Musical Comedy” because of his achievements. Her mother was Rose Harris. She had two older brothers, Joseph and Herbert, who also became successful on Broadway: Joseph as a writer and producer, and Herbert as a writer who later became Dorothy’s collaborator. Despite her natural familial connections to the theatre via her father, he disapproved of her choice to pursue acting and did everything he could to prevent her from becoming a serious actress. This began when he refused to let her take a job with a stock company in Yonkers. Hence Dorothy began working as a teacher and a laboratory assistant, whilst secretly submitting work to magazines. Career[edit] In 1926, Fields met the popular song composer J. Fred Coots, who proposed that the two begin writing songs together. Nothing actually came out of this interaction and introduction, however Coots introduced Fields to another composer and song-plugger, Jimmy McHugh.[2] Fields's career as a professional songwriter took off in 1928 when Jimmy McHugh, who had seen some of her early work, invited her to provide some lyrics for him for Blackbirds of 1928. Fields and McHugh teamed up until 1935. Songs from this period include "I Can't Give You Anything But Love", "Exactly Like You", and "On the Sunny Side of the Street." During the later 1920s, she and McHugh wrote specialty numbers for the various Cotton Club
Cotton Club
revues, many of which were recorded by Duke Ellington. In the mid 1930s, Fields started to write lyrics for films and collaborated with other composers, including Jerome Kern. With Kern, she worked on the movie version of Roberta, and also on their greatest success, Swing Time. The song "The Way You Look Tonight" earned the Fields/Kern team an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1936.[3] She wrote the lyrics for the 1936 movie The King Steps Out
The King Steps Out
by directed by Josef von Sternberg
Josef von Sternberg
based on the early years of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Fields returned to New York and worked again on Broadway shows, but now as a librettist, first with Arthur Schwartz
Arthur Schwartz
on Stars In Your Eyes. (They reteamed in 1951 for A Tree Grows in Brooklyn.) In the 1940s, she teamed up with her brother Herbert Fields, with whom she wrote the books for three Cole Porter
Cole Porter
shows, Let's Face It!, Something for the Boys, and Mexican Hayride. In 1946, Fields approached Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
with her idea for a new musical based on the life of famous female sharpshooter Annie Oakley. Hammerstein liked the idea and agreed to produce the show. Kern and Fields were signed on to write the songs in the show. Kern died before the two were able to begin working on the project, and Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
was hired to replace him.[2] Together, she and her brother Herbert wrote the book for Annie Get Your Gun, while Berlin provided all the music. The show was a huge success, starring Ethel Merman, and running for 1,147 performances.[2] In the 1950s, her biggest success was the show Redhead (1959), which won five Tony Awards, including Best Musical. When she started collaborating with Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
in the 1960s, her career took a new turn. Their first work together was Sweet Charity. Her last hit was from their second collaboration in 1973, Seesaw. The show began on Broadway on March 18, 1973, and ended its run on December 8, 1973. Its signature song was "It's Not Where You Start, It's Where You Finish". Throughout her 48-year career, Fields cowrote more than 400 songs and worked on 15 stage musicals and 26 movies. Her lyrics were known for their strong characterization, clarity in language and humor. She was an amateur pianist and also lifelong lover of the classical music form which led her to become highly aware of melodic lines, so she fitted her lyrics to her melodies.[2] Fields professional longevity was rare at the time for a songwriter in the field, and it definitely was due to her unending imagination and her willingness to adapt to the ever modifying trends in the American musical theater.[2] Personal life[edit] Fields had highly disciplined work habits. She was known to spend about eight weeks researching, discussing, and making notes on a project, before finally resolving to her regular 8:30 A.M. to 4:00 P.M. daily work routine.[2] Fields died of a heart attack on March 28, 1974, at the age of 68. The New York Times reported "Dorothy Fields, the versatile songwriter whose career spanned nearly 50 years, died of a heart attack last night at her home here."[4] She was the sister of writers Herbert and Joseph Fields. She married Eli Lahm in 1939, and they had two children, David and Eliza. Lahm died in 1958.[5] Cultural references[edit] Thirty-five years after her death, President Barack Obama, in his inauguration speech as 44th President of the United States
President of the United States
on January 20, 2009, echoed lyrics by Fields when he said, "Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the work of remaking America".[6] This alludes to the song "Pick Yourself Up" from the 1936 film Swing Time, for which Jerome Kern
Jerome Kern
had written the music, in which Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
and Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
sang Fields's words, "Pick yourself up; dust yourself off; start all over again".[7] References[edit]

^ Klein, Alvin; and Emblen, Mary L. "NEW JERSEY GUIDE", The New York Times, October 4, 1992. Accessed August 10, 2012. "That's how Dorothy Fields, born in Allenhurst in 1905, is described in the notes on the original cast album of Sweet Charity, the 1966 musical for which she wrote the lyrics." ^ a b c d e f " Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
The Stars Broadway: The American Musical PBS". Broadway: The American Musical. Retrieved 2016-04-22.  ^ "Women Songwriters" blog.oup.com ^ "Dorothy Fields, Lyricist, Dies" The New York Times, March 29, 1974, p. 38, ISSN 0362-4331 ^ "The Stars. Dorothy Fields" pbs.org, accessed January 17, 2016 ^ Obama calls for American renewal, January 20, 2009, Boston Globe ^ "Pick Yourself Up" Lyrics, Web site Reel Classics

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dorothy Fields.

Biography portal

Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
on IMDb Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
Website Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
at the Internet Broadway Database Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
at the Songwriters Hall of Fame Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
Papers, 1911–1977, Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
Scripts, 1927–1973, Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Song

1934–1940

"The Continental"

Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934)

"Lullaby of Broadway"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935)

"The Way You Look Tonight"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(1936)

"Sweet Leilani"

Music and lyrics: Harry Owens
Harry Owens
(1937)

"Thanks for the Memory"

Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938)

"Over the Rainbow"

Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939)

"When You Wish Upon a Star"

Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940)

1941–1950

"The Last Time I Saw Paris"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1941)

"White Christmas"

Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1942)

"You'll Never Know"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon
Mack Gordon
(1943)

"Swinging on a Star"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944)

"It Might as Well Be Spring"

Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1945)

"On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1946)

"Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah"

Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947)

"Buttons and Bows"

Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948)

"Baby, It's Cold Outside"

Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
(1949)

"Mona Lisa"

Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
(1950)

1951–1960

"In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening"

Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1951)

"High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')"

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952)

"Secret Love"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953)

"Three Coins in the Fountain"

Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1954)

"Love Is a Many Splendored Thing"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955)

"Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)"

Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
and Ray Evans (1956)

"All the Way"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1957)

"Gigi"

Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958)

"High Hopes"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1959)

"Never on Sunday"

Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
(1960)

1961–1970

"Moon River"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1961)

"Days of Wine and Roses"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1962)

"Call Me Irresponsible"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1963)

"Chim Chim Cher-ee"

Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
(1964)

"The Shadow of Your Smile"

Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965)

"Born Free"

Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966)

" Talk
Talk
to the Animals"

Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967)

"The Windmills of Your Mind"

Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)

"Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head"

Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David
Hal David
(1969)

"For All We Know"

Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer
Robb Royer
and Jimmy Griffin (1970)

1971–1980

"Theme from Shaft"

Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971)

"The Morning After"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972)

"The Way We Were"

Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)

"We May Never Love Like This Again"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974)

"I'm Easy"

Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
(1975)

"Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"

Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976)

"You Light Up My Life"

Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977)

"Last Dance"

Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
(1978)

"It Goes Like It Goes"

Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979)

"Fame"

Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980)

1981–1990

"Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)"

Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981)

"Up Where We Belong"

Music: Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982)

"Flashdance... What a Feeling"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983)

"I Just Called to Say I Love You"

Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1984)

"Say You, Say Me"

Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985)

"Take My Breath Away"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986)

"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"

Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987)

"Let the River Run"

Music and lyrics: Carly Simon
Carly Simon
(1988)

"Under the Sea"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989)

"Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1990)

1991–2000

"Beauty and the Beast"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991)

"A Whole New World"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1992)

"Streets of Philadelphia"

Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(1993)

"Can You Feel the Love Tonight"

Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1994)

"Colors of the Wind"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995)

"You Must Love Me"

Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1996)

"My Heart Will Go On"

Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997)

"When You Believe"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998)

"You'll Be in My Heart"

Music and lyrics: Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1999)

"Things Have Changed"

Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2000)

2001–2010

"If I Didn't Have You (Disney song)"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2001)

"Lose Yourself"

Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem
Eminem
(2002)

"Into the West"

Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore
Howard Shore
and Annie Lennox
Annie Lennox
(2003)

"Al otro lado del río"

Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler
Jorge Drexler
(2004)

"It's Hard out Here for a Pimp"

Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul
DJ Paul
(2005)

"I Need to Wake Up"

Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge
Melissa Etheridge
(2006)

"Falling Slowly"

Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007)

"Jai Ho"

Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar
Gulzar
(2008)

"The Weary Kind"

Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009)

"We Belong Together"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2010)

2011–present

"Man or Muppet"

Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011)

"Skyfall"

Music and lyrics: Adele
Adele
Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)

"Let It Go"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013)

"Glory"

Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014)

"Writing's on the Wall"

Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015)

"City of Stars"

Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)

"Remember Me"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

v t e

Irving Berlin, Dorothy Fields, and Herbert Fields' Annie Get Your Gun (1946)

Characters

Annie Oakley Frank Butler Chief Sitting Bull Buffalo Bill Pawnee Bill

Adaptations

Annie Get Your Gun (1950 film) Annie du Far-West (1950 French operetta)

Recordings

Annie Get Your Gun (1963) Annie Get Your Gun - 1986 London Cast
Annie Get Your Gun - 1986 London Cast
(1986)

Music

"Doin' What Comes Natur'lly" "The Girl That I Marry" "You Can't Get a Man with a Gun" "There's No Business Like Show Business" "They Say It's Wonderful" "Moonshine Lullaby" "My Defenses Are Down" "I'm an Indian, Too" "I Got Lost In His Arms" "Who Do You Love, I Hope?" "I Got the Sun in the Mornin'" "Anything You Can Do"

Related

Songs (fuller list)

v t e

Dorothy Fields

Song lyrics

"Big Spender" "Don't Blame Me" "Exactly Like You" "A Fine Romance" "Hooray for Love" "I Can't Give You Anything but Love, Baby" "I'm in the Mood for Love" "If My Friends Could See Me Now" "Never Gonna Dance" "On the Sunny Side of the Street" "Pick Yourself Up" "Remind Me" "The Way You Look Tonight" "You Couldn't Be Cuter"

Musicals

Books

Let's Face It!
Let's Face It!
(1941) Something for the Boys (1943) Mexican Hayride
Mexican Hayride
(1944) Up in Central Park
Up in Central Park
(1945) Annie Get Your Gun (1946) Arms and the Girl
Arms and the Girl
(1950) By the Beautiful Sea (1954) Redhead (1959)

Lyrics

Blackbirds of 1928
Blackbirds of 1928
(1928) Hello, Daddy (1928) Ziegfeld Midnight Frolic (1929) The International Review (1930) The Vanderbilt Revue (1930) Shoot the Works (1931) Singin' the Blues (1931) Stars in Your Eyes (1939) Up in Central Park
Up in Central Park
(1945) Arms and the Girl
Arms and the Girl
(1950) A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1951) By the Beautiful Sea (1954) Redhead (1959) Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
(1966) Seesaw (1973) Shirley MacLaine (1976) Sugar Babies (1979)

Music

The International Review (1930) The Vanderbilt Revue (1930)

Family

Lew Fields
Lew Fields
(father) Herbert Fields (brother) Joseph Fields (brother)

v t e

Herbert Fields

Books

Dearest Enemy
Dearest Enemy
(1925) The Girl Friend
The Girl Friend
(1926) Peggy-Ann
Peggy-Ann
(1926) Hit the Deck (1927) A Connecticut Yankee (1927) Present Arms (1928) Fifty Million Frenchmen
Fifty Million Frenchmen
(1929) The New Yorkers
The New Yorkers
(1930) America's Sweetheart (1931) Pardon My English
Pardon My English
(1933) Du Barry Was a Lady
Du Barry Was a Lady
(1939) Panama Hattie
Panama Hattie
(1940) Let's Face It!
Let's Face It!
(1941) Something for the Boys (1943, also directed) Mexican Hayride
Mexican Hayride
(1944) Up in Central Park
Up in Central Park
(1945, written by) Annie Get Your Gun (1946) Arms and the Girl
Arms and the Girl
(1950) By the Beautiful Sea (1954)

Family

Lew Fields
Lew Fields
(father) Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(sister) Joseph Fields (brother)

v t e

Selected Joseph Fields works

Playwright

My Sister Eileen (1940)

Books

Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949) Wonderful Town
Wonderful Town
(1953) The Girl in Pink Tights (1954) Flower Drum Song
Flower Drum Song
(1958)

Family

Lew Fields
Lew Fields
(father) Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(sister) Herbert Fields (brother)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59268144 LCCN: n81023046 ISNI: 0000 0000 8138 6224 GND: 120891735 SUDOC: 087883856 BNF: cb137951840 (data) MusicBrainz: 9a775c6e-9346-4b16-a611-cae1b1c6362f BNE: XX850

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