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Doris Day
Doris Day
(born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff; April 3, 1922) is an American actress, singer, and animal welfare activist. After she began her career as a big band singer in 1939, her popularity increased with her first hit recording "Sentimental Journey" (1945). After leaving Les Brown & His Band of Renown to embark on a solo career, she recorded more than 650 songs from 1947 to 1967, which made her one of the most popular and acclaimed singers of the 20th century. Day's film career began with the 1948 film Romance on the High Seas, and its success sparked her twenty-year career as a motion picture actress. She starred in a series of successful films, including musicals, comedies, and dramas. She played the title role in Calamity Jane (1953), and starred in Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) with James Stewart. Her most successful films were the "pioneering" bedroom comedies she made co-starring Rock Hudson
Rock Hudson
and James Garner, such as Pillow Talk
Talk
(1959) and Move Over, Darling (1963), respectively. She also co-starred in films with such leading men as Clark Gable, Cary Grant, David Niven, and Rod Taylor. After her final film in 1968, she went on to star in the CBS
CBS
sitcom The Doris Day Show (1968–73). She was usually one of the top ten singers between 1951 and 1966.[vague] As an actress, she became the biggest female film star in the early 1960s, and ranked sixth among the box office performers by 2012.[1][2][3] In 2011, she released her 29th studio album, My Heart, which became a UK Top 10 album featuring new material. Among her awards, Day has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Legend Award from the Society of Singers. In 1960, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress,[4] and in 1989 was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award
Cecil B. DeMille Award
for lifetime achievement in motion pictures. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
by President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
followed in 2011 by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association's Career Achievement Award.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early career (1938–1947) 2.2 Early film career (1948–1954) 2.3 Breakthrough (1955–1958) 2.4 Box-office success (1959–1968) 2.5 Bankruptcy and television career 2.6 1980s and 1990s 2.7 2000s 2.8 2010s

3 Personal life

3.1 Marriages

4 Animal welfare
Animal welfare
activism 5 Discography

5.1 Studio albums

6 Filmography 7 Awards and nominations 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

Early life[edit] Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff [5] was born on April 3, 1922, in Cincinnati, Ohio,[6] the daughter of Alma Sophia (née Welz), a housewife, and William Joseph Kappelhoff, a music teacher and choir master.[7][8] All of her grandparents were German immigrants.[9] For most of her life, Day reportedly believed she had been born in 1924 and reported her age accordingly; it was not until her 95th birthday, when the Associated Press
Associated Press
found her birth certificate, showing a 1922 date, that she learned otherwise.[6] The youngest of three siblings, she had two older brothers: Richard (who died before her birth) and Paul, 2–3 years older.[10] Due to her father's alleged infidelity,[11] her parents separated. She developed an early interest in dance, and in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati.[12] A car accident on October 13, 1937, injured her right leg and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer.[13][14] Career[edit] Early career (1938–1947)[edit]

Day at the Aquarium Jazz Club, New York (1946)

While recovering from an auto accident, Day started to sing along with the radio and discovered a talent she did not know she had. Day said: "During this long, boring period, I used to while away a lot of time listening to the radio, sometimes singing along with the likes of Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Tommy Dorsey, and Glenn Miller
Glenn Miller
[...]. But the one radio voice I listened to above others belonged to Ella Fitzgerald. There was a quality to her voice that fascinated me, and I'd sing along with her, trying to catch the subtle ways she shaded her voice, the casual yet clean way she sang the words."[15] Observing her daughter sing rekindled Alma's interest in show business, and she decided to give Doris singing lessons. She engaged a teacher, Grace Raine.[16] After three lessons, Raine told Alma that young Doris had "tremendous potential"; Raine was so impressed that she gave Doris three lessons a week for the price of one. Years later, Day said that Raine had the biggest effect on her singing style and career.[15] During the eight months she was taking singing lessons, Day had her first professional jobs as a vocalist, on the WLW
WLW
radio program Carlin's Carnival, and in a local restaurant, Charlie Yee's Shanghai Inn.[17] During her radio performances, Day first caught the attention of Barney Rapp, who was looking for a girl vocalist and asked if Day would like to audition for the job. According to Rapp, he had auditioned about 200 singers when Day got the job.[18] While working for Rapp in 1939, she adopted the stage surname "Day", at Rapp's suggestion.[19] Rapp felt that "Kappelhoff" was too long for marquees, and he admired her rendition of the song "Day After Day".[20] After working with Rapp, Day worked with bandleaders Jimmy James,[21] Bob Crosby,[22] and Les Brown.[23] While working with Brown, Day scored her first hit recording, "Sentimental Journey", released in early 1945. It soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home.[24][25] This song is still associated with Day, and she rerecorded it on several occasions, including a version in her 1971 television special.[26] During 1945–46, Day (as vocalist with the Les Brown Band) had six other top ten hits on the Billboard chart: "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", "'Tain't Me", "Till The End of Time", "You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)", "The Whole World is Singing My Song", and "I Got the Sun in the Mornin'".[27] In the 1950s she became the most popular and one of the highest paid singers in America.[28] Early film career (1948–1954)[edit] Main article: Doris Day
Doris Day
filmography

Day with Gordon MacRae
Gordon MacRae
in Starlift
Starlift
(1951)

While singing with the Les Brown band and for nearly two years on Bob Hope's weekly radio program,[14] she toured extensively across the United States. Her popularity as a radio performer and vocalist, which included a second hit record "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", led directly to a career in films. In 1941, Day appeared as a singer in three Soundies with the Les Brown band.[29] Her performance of the song "Embraceable You" impressed songwriter Jule Styne and his partner, Sammy Cahn, and they recommended her for a role in Romance on the High Seas
Romance on the High Seas
(1948). Day got the part after auditioning for director Michael Curtiz.[30][31] She was shocked at being offered the role in that film, and admitted to Curtiz that she was a singer without acting experience. But he said he liked that "she was honest," not afraid to admit it, and he wanted someone who "looked like the All-American Girl," which he felt she did. She was the discovery he was most proud of during his career.[32] The film provided her with a #2 hit recording as a soloist, "It's Magic", which followed by two months her first #1 hit ("Love Somebody" in 1948) recorded as a duet with Buddy Clark.[33] Day recorded "Someone Like You", before the 1949 film My Dream Is Yours, which featured the song.[34] In 1950, U.S. servicemen in Korea voted her their favorite star. She continued to make minor and frequently nostalgic period musicals such as On Moonlight Bay, By the Light of the Silvery Moon, and Tea For Two for Warner Brothers.[citation needed]

Day with Howard Keel
Howard Keel
in Calamity Jane (1953)

Her most commercially successful film for Warner was I'll See You in My Dreams (1951), which broke box-office records of 20 years. The film is a musical biography of lyricist Gus Kahn. It was Day's fourth film directed by Curtiz.[citation needed] In 1953, Day appeared as the title character in the comedic western-themed musical, Calamity Jane. A song from the film, "Secret Love", won the Academy Award for Best Original Song and became Day's fourth No. 1 hit single in the U.S.[35] Between 1950 and 1953, the albums from six of her movie musicals charted in the Top 10, three of them at No. 1. After filming Lucky Me with Bob Cummings
Bob Cummings
and Young at Heart (both 1954) with Frank Sinatra, Day chose not to renew her contract with Warner Brothers.[36] During this period, Day also had her own radio program, The Doris Day Show. It was broadcast on CBS
CBS
in 1952-1953.[37] Breakthrough (1955–1958)[edit]

Day in the trailer for Love Me or Leave Me (1955)

Having become primarily recognized as a musical-comedy actress, Day gradually took on more dramatic roles to broaden her range. Her dramatic star-turn as singer Ruth Etting
Ruth Etting
in Love Me or Leave Me (1955), co-starring James Cagney, received critical and commercial success, becoming Day's biggest hit thus far.[38] Day said it was her best film performance. Producer Joe Pasternak said, "I was stunned that Doris did not get an Oscar nomination."[39] The soundtrack album from that movie was a No. 1 hit.[40][41] Day starred in Alfred Hitchcock's suspense film, The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) with James Stewart. She sang two songs in the film, "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)", which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song,[42] and "We'll Love Again". The film was Day's 10th movie to be in the Top 10 at the box office. In 1956, Day played the title role in the thriller/noir Julie with Louis Jourdan. After three successive dramatic films, Day returned to her musical/comedic roots in 1957's The Pajama Game
The Pajama Game
with John Raitt. The film was based on the Broadway play of the same name.[43] She worked with Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
for the comedy Teacher's Pet (1958), alongside Clark Gable
Clark Gable
and Gig Young.[44] She co-starred with Richard Widmark
Richard Widmark
and Gig Young
Gig Young
in the romantic comedy film, The Tunnel of Love
The Tunnel of Love
(1958),[45] but found scant success opposite Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
in It Happened to Jane (1959). Billboard's annual nationwide poll of disc jockeys had ranked Day as the No. 1 female vocalist nine times in ten years (1949 through 1958), but her success and popularity as a singer was now being overshadowed by her box-office appeal.[46] Box-office success (1959–1968)[edit]

Day in a publicity portrait for Midnight Lace
Midnight Lace
(1960)

In 1959, Day entered her most successful phase as a film actress with a series of romantic comedies.[47][48] This success began with Pillow Talk
Talk
(1959), co-starring Rock Hudson, who became a lifelong friend, and Tony Randall. Day received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress.[49] Day, Hudson, and Randall made two more films together, Lover Come Back (1961) and Send Me No Flowers (1964).[50] She starred with David Niven
David Niven
and Janis Paige
Janis Paige
in the hit Please Don't Eat the Daisies. In 1962, Day appeared with Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in the comedy That Touch of Mink, the first film in history ever to gross $1 million in one theatre (Radio City Music Hall). During 1960 and the 1962 to 1964 period, she ranked number one at the box office, the second woman to be number one four times. She set an unprecedented record that has yet to be equaled, receiving seven consecutive Laurel Awards as the top female box office star.[51] Day teamed up with James Garner, starting with The Thrill of It All, followed by Move Over, Darling
Move Over, Darling
(both 1963).[52] The film's theme song, "Move Over Darling", co-written by her son, reached #8 in the U.K.[53] In between these comedic roles, Day co-starred with Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
in the movie thriller Midnight Lace
Midnight Lace
(1960), an updating of the classic stage thriller, Gaslight.[54] By the late 1960s, the sexual revolution of the baby boomer generation had refocused public attitudes about sex. Times changed, but Day's films did not. Day's next film, Do Not Disturb (1965), was popular with audiences, but her popularity soon waned. Critics and comics dubbed Day "The World's Oldest Virgin",[55][56] and audiences began to shy away from her films. As a result, she slipped from the list of top box-office stars, last appearing in the top ten in 1966 with the hit film The Glass Bottom Boat. One of the roles she turned down was that of "Mrs. Robinson" in The Graduate, a role that eventually went to Anne Bancroft.[57] In her published memoirs, Day said she had rejected the part on moral grounds: she found the script "vulgar and offensive".[58] She starred in the western film The Ballad of Josie (1967). That same year, Day recorded The Love Album, although it was not released until 1994.[59] The following year (1968), she starred in the comedy film Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?
Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?
which centers on the Northeast blackout of November 9, 1965. Her final feature, the comedy With Six You Get Eggroll, was released in 1968.[60] From 1959 to 1970, Day received nine Laurel Award nominations (and won four times) for best female performance in eight comedies and one drama. From 1959 through 1969, she received six Golden Globe nominations for best female performance in three comedies, one drama (Midnight Lace), one musical (Jumbo), and her television series.[61] Bankruptcy and television career[edit]

on the set of The Doris Day
Doris Day
Show

When her third husband Martin Melcher died on April 20, 1968, a shocked Day discovered that Melcher and his business partner Jerome Bernard Rosenthal had squandered her earnings, leaving her deeply in debt.[62] Rosenthal had been her attorney since 1949, when he represented her in her uncontested divorce action against her second husband, saxophonist George W. Weidler. Day filed suit against Rosenthal in February 1969, won a successful decision in 1974, but did not receive compensation until a settlement in 1979.[63] Day also learned to her displeasure that Melcher had committed her to a television series, which became The Doris Day
Doris Day
Show.

"It was awful", Day told OK!
OK!
Magazine in 1996. "I was really, really not very well when Marty [Melcher] passed away, and the thought of going into TV was overpowering. But he'd signed me up for a series. And then my son Terry [Melcher] took me walking in Beverly Hills and explained that it wasn't nearly the end of it. I had also been signed up for a bunch of TV specials, all without anyone ever asking me."

Day hated the idea of performing on television, but felt obliged to it.[60] The first episode of The Doris Day Show
The Doris Day Show
aired on September 24, 1968,[64] and, from 1968 to 1973, employed "Que Sera, Sera" as its theme song. Day grudgingly persevered (she needed the work to help pay off her debts), but only after CBS
CBS
ceded creative control to her and her son. The successful show enjoyed a five-year run,[65] and functioned as a curtain raiser for the popular Carol Burnett Show. It is remembered today for its abrupt season-to-season changes in casting and premise.[66]

Day with John Denver
John Denver
on the TV special Doris Day
Doris Day
Today (CBS, February 19, 1975)[67]

By the end of its run in 1973, public tastes had changed and her firmly established persona was regarded as passé. She largely retired from acting after The Doris Day
Doris Day
Show, but did complete two television specials, The Doris Mary Anne Kappelhoff Special
Special
(1971) and Doris Day to Day (1975). She appeared in a John Denver
John Denver
TV special in 1974.[59] In the 1985–86 season, Day hosted her own television talk show, Doris Day's Best Friends, on CBN.[65][68] The network canceled the show after 26 episodes, despite the worldwide publicity it received. 1980s and 1990s[edit] In October 1985, the California Supreme Court rejected Rosenthal's appeal of the multimillion-dollar judgment against him for legal malpractice, and upheld conclusions of a trial court and a Court of Appeal that Rosenthal acted improperly. In April 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review the lower court's judgment. In June 1987, Rosenthal filed a $30 million lawsuit against lawyers he claimed cheated him out of millions of dollars in real estate investments. He named Day as a co-defendant, describing her as an "unwilling, involuntary plaintiff whose consent cannot be obtained". Rosenthal claimed that millions of dollars Day lost were in real estate sold after Melcher died in 1968, in which Rosenthal asserted that the attorneys gave Day bad advice, telling her to sell, at a loss, three hotels, in Palo Alto, California, Dallas, Texas
Dallas, Texas
and Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
and some oil leases in Kentucky
Kentucky
and Ohio. Rosenthal claimed he had made the investments under a long-term plan, and did not intend to sell them until they appreciated in value. Two of the hotels sold in 1970 for about $7 million, and their estimated worth in 1986 was $50 million. In July 1984, after a hearing panel of the State Bar Court, after 80 days of testimony and consideration of documentary evidence, the panel accused Rosenthal of 13 separate acts of misconduct and urged his disbarment in a 34-page unsigned opinion.[69] The State Bar Court's review department upheld the panel's findings, which asked the justices to order Rosenthal's disbarment. He continued representing clients in federal courts until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against him on March 21, 1988. Disbarment by the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals followed on August 19, 1988. The Supreme Court of California, in affirming the disbarment, held that Rosenthal had engaged in transactions involving undisclosed conflicts of interest, took positions adverse to his former clients, overstated expenses, double-billed for legal fees, failed to return client files, failed to provide access to records, failed to give adequate legal advice, failed to provide clients with an opportunity to obtain independent counsel, filed fraudulent claims, gave false testimony, engaged in conduct designed to harass his clients, delayed court proceedings, obstructed justice and abused legal process. Rosenthal died August 15, 2007, at the age of 96.[70] Terry Melcher
Terry Melcher
stated that his adoptive father's premature death saved Day from financial ruin. It remains unresolved whether Martin Melcher had himself also been duped.[71] Day stated publicly that she believed her husband innocent of any deliberate wrongdoing, stating that he "simply trusted the wrong person".[72] According to Day's autobiography, as told to A. E. Hotchner, the usually athletic and healthy Martin Melcher had an enlarged heart. Most of the interviews on the subject given to Hotchner (and included in Day's autobiography) paint an unflattering portrait of Melcher. Author David Kaufman asserts that one of Day's costars, actor Louis Jourdan, maintained that Day herself disliked her husband,[73] but Day's public statements regarding Melcher appear to contradict that assertion.[74] Day was scheduled to present, along with Patrick Swayze
Patrick Swayze
and Marvin Hamlisch, the Best Original Score Oscar at the 61st Academy Awards
61st Academy Awards
in March 1989 but she suffered a deep leg cut and was unable to attend.[75] She had been walking through the gardens of her hotel when she cut her leg on a sprinkler. The cut required stitches.[76] Day was inducted into the Ohio
Ohio
Women's Hall of Fame in 1981 and received the Cecil B. DeMille Award
Cecil B. DeMille Award
for career achievement in 1989.[77] In 1994, Day's Greatest Hits album became another entry into the British charts.[59] The song "Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps" was included in the soundtrack of the Australian film Strictly Ballroom[78] and was the theme song for the British TV show Coupling, with Mari Wilson performing the song for the title sequence.[79] 2000s[edit] Day has participated in interviews and celebrations of her birthday with an annual Doris Day
Doris Day
music marathon.[80] In July 2008, she appeared on the Southern California
Southern California
radio show of longtime friend, newscaster George Putnam.[81] Day turned down a tribute offer from the American Film Institute
American Film Institute
and from the Kennedy Center Honors because they require attendance in person. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
by President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
for her achievements in the entertainment industry and for her work on behalf of animals.[82] President Bush stated:

In the years since, she has kept her fans and shown the breadth of her talent in television and the movies. She starred on screen with leading men from Jimmy Stewart to Ronald Reagan, from Rock Hudson
Rock Hudson
to James Garner. It was a good day for America when Doris Marianne von Kappelhoff of Evanston, Ohio
Ohio
decided to become an entertainer. It was a good day for our fellow creatures when she gave her good heart to the cause of animal welfare. Doris Day
Doris Day
is one of the greats, and America will always love its sweetheart.[82]

Columnist Liz Smith and film critic Rex Reed mounted vigorous campaigns to gather support for an Honorary Academy Award for Day to herald her film career and her status as the top female box-office star of all time.[83] Day received a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement in Music in 2008, albeit again in absentia.[84] She received three Grammy Hall of Fame Awards, in 1998, 1999 and 2012 for her recordings of "Sentimental Journey", "Secret Love", and "Que Sera, Sera", respectively.[85] Day was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007,[86] and in 2010 received the first Legend Award ever presented by the Society of Singers.[59] 2010s[edit] Day, aged 89, released My Heart in the United Kingdom on September 5, 2011, her first new album in nearly two decades, since the release of The Love Album, which, although recorded in 1967, was not released until 1994.[87] The album is a compilation of previously unreleased recordings produced by Day's son, Terry Melcher, before his death in 2004. Tracks include the 1970s Joe Cocker
Joe Cocker
hit "You Are So Beautiful", The Beach Boys' "Disney Girls" and jazz standards such as "My Buddy", which Day originally sang in her 1951 film I'll See You in My Dreams.[88][89] After the disc was released in the US it soon climbed to No. 12 on Amazon's bestseller list, and helped raise funds for the Doris Day Animal League.[90] Day became the oldest artist to score a UK Top 10 with an album featuring new material.[91] In January 2012, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association presented Day with a Lifetime Achievement Award.[92][93] At 92, in April 2014 Day made an unexpected public appearance to attend the annual Doris Day
Doris Day
Animal Foundation benefit. The benefit raises money for her Animal Foundation. Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
offered Doris Day
Doris Day
a role in a film he was planning to direct in 2015. Although she reportedly was in talks with Eastwood, her neighbour in Carmel, about a role in the film, she eventually declined. Personal life[edit] Since her retirement from films, Day has lived in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California. She has many pets and adopts stray animals.[94] She granted an ABC telephone interview on her birthday in 2016, which was accompanied by photos of her life and career.[95] Day is a lifelong Republican,[96] and supported George W. Bush's presidential campaign in 2000. Her only child, music producer and songwriter Terry Melcher, who had a hit in the 1960s with "Hey Little Cobra" under the name The Rip Chords, died of melanoma in 2004, about five months after Day had received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She owns a hotel in Carmel-by-the-Sea, the Cypress Inn, which Melcher co-owned with his mother.[97] Marriages[edit]

Day's second husband, saxophonist George William Weidler
George William Weidler
(m. 1946–49)

In 1975, Day published her autobiography, Doris Day: Her Own Story, an "as-told-to" work with A. E. Hotchner. The book detailed her first three marriages:

To Al Jorden, a trombonist whom she first met in Barney Rapp's Band, from March 1941 to 1943. Her only child, son Terrence Paul Jorden (later known as Terry Melcher), resulted from this marriage. Husband Jorden, who was reportedly physically abusive to Day, committed suicide in 1967 by gunshot. To George William Weidler
George William Weidler
(a saxophonist), from March 30, 1946 to May 31, 1949. Weidler, the brother of actress Virginia Weidler, and Day met again several years later. During a brief reconciliation, he helped introduce her to Christian Science. To Martin Melcher, whom she married on April 3, 1951, her 29th birthday. This marriage lasted until Melcher's death in 1968. Melcher adopted Day's son Terry, who, with the name Terry Melcher, became a successful musician and record producer.[98] Martin Melcher produced many of Day's movies. She and Melcher were both practicing Christian Scientists, resulting in her not seeing a doctor for some time after symptoms that suggested cancer. This distressing period ended when, finally consulting a physician, and thereby finding the lump was benign, she fully recovered.

After publishing her autobiography, Day remarried:

Her fourth marriage, from April 14, 1976 until 1981, was to Barry Comden (March 30, 1935 – May 25, 2009),[99] who was roughly a decade younger. Comden was the maître d'hôtel at one of Day's favorite restaurants. Knowing of her great love of dogs, Comden endeared himself to Day by giving her a bag of meat scraps and bones on her way out of the restaurant. When this marriage unraveled, Comden complained that Day cared more for her "animal friends" than she did for him.[99]

Animal welfare
Animal welfare
activism[edit] Day's interest in animal welfare and related issues apparently dates to her teen years. While recovering from an automobile accident, she took her dog Tiny for a walk without a leash. Tiny ran into the street and was killed by a passing car. Day later expressed guilt and loneliness about Tiny's untimely death. In 1971, she co-founded Actors and Others for Animals, and appeared in a series of newspaper advertisements denouncing the wearing of fur, alongside Mary Tyler Moore, Angie Dickinson, and Jayne Meadows.[100] Day's friend, Cleveland Amory, wrote about these events in Man Kind? Our Incredible War on Wildlife (1974). In 1978, Day founded the Doris Day
Doris Day
Pet Foundation, now the Doris Day Animal Foundation (DDAF).[101] A non-profit 501(c)(3) grant-giving public charity, DDAF funds other non-profit causes throughout the US that share DDAF's mission of helping animals and the people who love them. The DDAF continues to operate independently under Day's personal supervision.[102] To complement the Doris Day
Doris Day
Animal Foundation, Day formed the Doris Day Animal League (DDAL) in 1987, a national non-profit citizen's lobbying organization whose mission is to reduce pain and suffering and protect animals through legislative initiatives.[103] Day actively lobbied the United States Congress in support of legislation designed to safeguard animal welfare on a number of occasions and in 1995 she originated the annual Spay Day USA.[104] The DDAL merged into The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) in 2006.[105] The HSUS now manages World Spay Day, the annual one-day spay/neuter event that Day originated.[106] A facility to help abused and neglected horses opened in 2011 and bears her name—the Doris Day
Doris Day
Horse Rescue and Adoption Center, located in Murchison, Texas, on the grounds of an animal sanctuary started by her late friend, author Cleveland Amory.[107] Day contributed $250,000 towards the founding of the center.[108] Discography[edit] Main article: Doris Day
Doris Day
discography Studio albums[edit]

You're My Thrill (1949) Day Dreams (1955) Day by Day (1956) Day by Night
Day by Night
(1957) Hooray for Hollywood (1958) Cuttin' Capers (1959) What Every Girl Should Know (1960) Show Time (1960) Listen to Day (1960) Bright and Shiny (1961) I Have Dreamed (1961) Duet (w/ André Previn) (1962) You'll Never Walk Alone (1962) Love Him (1963) The Doris Day Christmas Album
The Doris Day Christmas Album
(1964) With a Smile and a Song (1964) Latin for Lovers
Latin for Lovers
(1965) Doris Day's Sentimental Journey
Doris Day's Sentimental Journey
(1965) The Love Album (recorded 1967, released in 1994) My Heart (2011)

Filmography[edit] Main article: Doris Day
Doris Day
filmography Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Doris Day References[edit]

^ "Top Ten Money Making Stars". Quigley Publishing Company. QP Media, Inc. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013.  ^ "Doris Day". Biography in Context. Detroit, USA: Gale. 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2016.  ^ Hotchner, A.E. (1976). Doris Day: Her Own Story. New York, NY: William Morrow and Company, Inc. ISBN 0-688-02968-X.  ^ Doris Day
Doris Day
awards and nominations, Dorisday.com ^ Doris Day: A Sentimental Journey (Television production). WWTW Production Company. 1991. I'm still Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff.  ^ a b Elber, Lynn (April 2, 2017). "Birthday surprise for ageless Doris Day: She's actually 95". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 4, 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017. A copy of Day's birth certificate, obtained by The Associated Press
Associated Press
from Ohio's Office of Vital Statistics, settles the issue: Doris Mary Kappelhoff, her pre-fame name, was born on April 3, 1922, making her 95. Her parents were Alma and William Kappelhoff of Cincinnati.  ^ Kaufman 2008, p. 4. ^ "Ancestry.com". Born 1922: age on April 10, 1940, in Hamilton County, Ohio, 91–346 (enumeration district), 2552 Warsaw Avenue, was 18 years old as per 1940 United States Census records; name transcribed incorrectly as "Daris Kappelhoff", included with mother Alma and brother Paul, all with same surname . (registration required; initial 14-day free pass) ^ " Doris Day
Doris Day
profile" (ancestry). Wargs. Retrieved April 5, 2014.  ^ Hotchner 1975, p. 18. ^ Amory, Cleveland (August 3, 1986). " Doris Day
Doris Day
talks about Rock Hudson, Ronald Reagan and her own story". The Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ Parish, James Robert; Pitts, Michael R. (January 1, 2003). Hollywood songsters. 1. Allyson to Funicello. Routledge. p. 235. ISBN 978-0-415-94332-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "Trenton Friends Regret Injury to Girl Dancer". Hamilton Daily News Journal. October 18, 1937. p. 7. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ a b Browne, Ray Broadus; Browne, Pat (2001). The Guide to United States Popular Culture. Popular Press. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978-0-87972-821-2. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ a b Hotchner 1975, pp. 38–39. ^ Hotchner 1975, p. 38. ^ Hotchner 1975, pp. 40–41. ^ Hotchner 1975, p. 44. ^ "Doris Day's sweet success". BBC News. April 3, 2004. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ Kaufman 2008, p. 22. ^ "To Entertain at Convention Here". The Lima News. April 17, 1940. p. 11. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ Sutro, Dirk (April 20, 2011). Jazz For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-118-06852-6. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ The Guinan Family (October 2009). Lakewood Park. Arcadia Publishing. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-7385-6578-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Gilliland, John (1994). Pop Chronicles the 40s: The Lively Story of Pop Music in the 40s (audiobook). ISBN 978-1-55935-147-8. OCLC 31611854.  Tape 1, side B. ^ Santopietro, Tom (August 5, 2008). Considering Doris Day. St. Martin's Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-4299-3751-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Braun 2004, p. 26: "It is not surprising... that she took so readily to Christian Science in her later life" ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 63. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.  ^ Doris Day
Doris Day
biography, All Music ^ Terenzio, Maurice; MacGillivray, Scott; Okuda, Ted (April 1, 1991). The Soundies Distributing Corporation of America: a history and filmography of their "jukebox" musical films of the 1940s. McFarland & Co. pp. 33–35. ISBN 978-0-89950-578-7. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Hotchner 1975, p. 91. ^ Gentry, Philip Max (2008). The Age of Anxiety: Music, Politics, and McCarthyism, 1948—1954. ProQuest. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-549-90073-3. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ " Michael Curtiz
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Services Set". The Tennessean. Associated Press. April 12, 1962. p. 58. Retrieved April 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 122. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.  ^ "Billboard". Books.google.com. January 15, 1949. p. 35. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. ABC-CLIO. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-313-34191-5. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Palmer, R. Barton (June 30, 2010). Larger Than Life: Movie Stars of the 1950s. Rutgers University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-8135-4994-1. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio (Revised ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3.  ^ Lisanti, Tom; Paul, Louis (January 1, 2002). Film Fatales: Women in Espionage Films and Television, 1962–1973. McFarland. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-7864-1194-8. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Bawden, Jim. "His long career making top films also made many stars". TheColumnists.com. Archived from the original on January 1, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ "Best Selling Popular Albums". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.: 94 November 12, 1955. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ Love Me Or Leave Me - Trailer, Warner Movies ^ Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. ABC-CLIO. pp. 113–114. ISBN 978-0-313-34191-5. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Stratton, David (November 19, 2014). "The Pajama Game: The Classic". At the Movies. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ W., A. (March 20, 1958). "'Teacher's Pet,' Story of Fourth Estate, Opens at Capitol". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ Crowther, Bosley (November 22, 1958). "'Tunnel of Love'; Widmark, Doris Day
Doris Day
Star in Roxy Film". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ "The Films of Doris Day: recordings".  ^ Gourley, Catherine (2008). Gidgets and Women Warriors: Perceptions of Women in the 1950s and 1960s. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-8225-6805-6. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Monteith, Sharon (2008). American Culture in the 1960s. Edinburgh University Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7486-1947-4. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Finler, Joel Waldo (2003). The Hollywood Story. Wallflower Press. p. 281. ISBN 978-1-903364-66-6. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Glitre, Kathrina (October 31, 2006). Hollywood Romantic Comedy: States of the Union, 1934–1965. Manchester University Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-7190-7079-2. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Morris, George (1976). Doris Day. Pyramid Publications. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-515-03959-7. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Harding, Les (2012). They Knew Marilyn Monroe: Famous Persons in the Life of the Hollywood Icon. McFarland. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-7864-9014-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Pilchak, Angela (June 13, 2005). Contemporary Musicians: Profiles of the People in Music. Gale. p. 133. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Waller, Gregory Albert (January 1, 1987). American Horrors: Essays on the Modern American Horror Film. University of Illinois Press. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-252-01448-2. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "The American Film Institute
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Catalog of Motion Pictures". Doris Day (Filmography).  ^ McCormick, Neil (August 20, 2011). "Doris Day: sexy side of the girl next door". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Grindon, Leger (March 1, 2011). The Hollywood Romantic Comedy: Conventions, History and Controversies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-4443-9595-2. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Kashner, Sam (March 2008). "Here's to You, Mr. Nichols: The Making of The Graduate". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. Retrieved January 17, 2014.  ^ a b c d "About" (Official website). Retrieved September 23, 2010.  ^ a b Landazuri, Margarita. "With Six You Get Eggroll". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "Doris Day". Golden Globes. Retrieved January 26, 2016.  ^ Sonneborn, Liz (January 1, 2002). A to Z of American Women in the Performing Arts. Infobase Publishing. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-4381-0790-5. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Grace, Roger M. "'Uncle Jerry' Faces the Music in Court, in State Bar Proceeding". Metropolitan News-Enterprise. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ " Doris Day
Doris Day
Heads Own Show". Hawkins County Post. September 12, 1968. Retrieved January 26, 2016.  ^ a b "ABC snares Doris Day
Doris Day
for TV movies". Spokane Chronicle. October 3, 1990. Retrieved January 26, 2016.  ^ McGee 2005, pp. 227–28. ^ Doris Day
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Today (TV special, February 19, 1975) on IMDb ^ Oberman, Tracy-Ann (October 16, 2012). "Rock and Doris and Elizabeth: a moment that changed Hollywood". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved July 4, 2013.  ^ Hager, Philip (July 14, 1987). "Doris Day's Former Lawyer Disbarred". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Grace, Roger M. (October 1, 2007). "'Uncle Jerry' — Jerome B. Rosenthal — Is Dead". Metropolitan News-Enterprise. Retrieved August 19, 2012.  ^ Champlin, Charles (March 13, 1988). "Doris Day: Singing and Looking for Pet Projects". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Doris Day: A Sentimental Journey (Television Documentary), Arwin Productions, PBS, 1991  ^ Kaufman, David (May 2008). "Doris Day's Vanishing Act". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. Retrieved January 17, 2014. Both Doris and I hated the director [Andrew L. Stone]. I also disliked her husband, and I was surprised to discover she did, too.  ^ Hotchner 1975, p. 226. ^ "Cut keeps Doris Day
Doris Day
from Academy Awards". The Republic. Associated Press. March 30, 1989. p. A2. Retrieved April 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ MacMinn, Aileen (March 31, 1989). "Post Oscar". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ video: " Doris Day
Doris Day
Receives the Cecil B. Demille Award - Golden Globes 1989", Dick Clark Productions ^ Ruhlmann, William. " Strictly Ballroom
Strictly Ballroom
[CBS] – Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Green, Thomas H. (March 25, 2013). "Mari Wilson, The Komedia, Brighton". The Arts Desk. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "A preview of the Doris Day
Doris Day
Movie Marathon happening April 3", WVXU, March 28, 2014 ^ Mclellan, Dennis (September 13, 2008). "George Putnam, longtime L.A. newsman, dies at 94". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ a b "President Bush Presents the Presidential Medal of Freedom". The White House. White House Office of the Press Secretary. June 23, 2004. Retrieved January 17, 2014.  ^ Smith, Liz (November 27, 2011). "Let's Give Doris Day
Doris Day
An Award". ThirdAge. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013. When, oh when, will Doris receive her long-overdue honorary Academy Award?  ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". grammy.org. Retrieved July 4, 2013.  ^ "GRAMMY Hall of Fame". Grammy.org. The Recording Academy. Retrieved April 3, 2017.  ^ "Inductees". Hit Parade Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 17, 2014.  ^ Cody, Antony (September 1, 2011). " Doris Day
Doris Day
releases first album in 17 years". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 18, 2017.  ^ Elber, Lynn (November 29, 2011). " Doris Day
Doris Day
sings out for 1st time in 17 years". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. Retrieved May 18, 2017.  ^ Cooper, Leonie (August 15, 2011). "87 year-old Doris Day
Doris Day
to release new album". NME. Retrieved May 18, 2017.  ^ "Weekly Chart Notes: Doris Day, Gloria Estefan, Selena Gomez – Chart Beat". Billboard. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ " Doris Day
Doris Day
makes UK chart history". UK: BBC News. September 11, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ " Doris Day
Doris Day
Wins Lifetime Achievement Award from L.A. Film Critics". The wrap. October 29, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2012.  ^ Kilday, Gregg (October 29, 2011). " Doris Day
Doris Day
to Receive Career Achievement Award From Los Angeles Film Critics Association". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 4, 2017.  ^ "Doris Day: A Hollywood Legend Reflects On Life". NPR. January 2, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.  ^ News, A. B. C. (April 5, 2016). " Doris Day
Doris Day
Shares Never-Before-Seen Photo for 92nd Birthday". ABC News. Retrieved May 18, 2017.  ^ Kaufman 2008, p. 437. ^ Anderson, Marilyn; Lanning, Dennis L. (September 11, 2011). "The Cypress Inn: Doris Day's Pet-Friendly Getaway in Carmel-by-the-Sea". Agenda mag. Retrieved December 12, 2012.  ^ "Producer Terry Melcher
Terry Melcher
Dies at 62". Billboard. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ a b Nelson, Valerie J. (June 2, 2009). "Barry Comden dies at 74; restaurateur was 4th husband of Doris Day". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Patrick & McGee 2006, p. 132, photograph of ad. ^ Grudens, Richard (January 1, 2001). Sally Bennett's Magic Moments. Celebrity Profiles Publilshing. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-57579-181-4. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "About DDAF". Doris Day
Doris Day
Animal Foundation. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover's Soul: Stories about Pets as Teachers, Healers, Heroes, and Friends. HCI Books. 1998. p. 385. ISBN 978-1-55874-571-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ "Join 'Spay Day USA' campaign". Gainesville Sun. January 31, 1995. Retrieved January 15, 2016.  ^ Sarasohn, Judy (September 7, 2006). "Merger Adds to Humane Society's Bite". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 5, 2007.  ^ "World Spay Day". The Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved January 15, 2016.  ^ Patrick-Goudreau, Colleen (March 1, 2011). Vegan's Daily Companion: 365 Days of Inspiration for Cooking, Eating, and Living Compassionately. Quarry Books. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-61058-015-1. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ Di Paola, Mike (March 30, 2011). " Doris Day
Doris Day
Center Gives Abused Horses Sanctuary with Elands, Emu". bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

Barothy, Mary Anne. Day at a Time: An Indiana Girl's Sentimental Journey to Doris Day's Hollywood and Beyond. Hawthorne Publishing (2007) Braun, Eric (September 1, 2004), Doris Day
Doris Day
(2 ed.), London, UK: Orion Books, ISBN 978-0-7528-1715-6  Bret, David. Doris Day: Reluctant Star. JR Books, London, UK (2008) Brogan, Paul E. Was That a Name I Dropped?, Aberdeen Bay (April 29, 2011); ISBN 1608300501, ISBN 978-1608300501 DeVita, Michael J. (2012). My 'Secret Love' Affair with Doris Day (Paperback). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1478153580.  Hotchner, AE (1975), Doris Day: Her Own Story, William Morrow & Co, ISBN 978-0-688-02968-5 . Kaufman, David (2008), Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door, New York, NY: Virgin Books, ISBN 978-1-905264-30-8  McGee, Garry (2005), Doris Day: Sentimental Journey, McFarland & Co  Patrick, Pierre; McGee, Garry (2006), Que Sera, Sera: The Magic of Doris Day
Doris Day
Through Television, Bear Manor  Patrick, Pierre; McGee, Garry. The Doris Day
Doris Day
Companion: A Beautiful Day (One on One with Doris and Friends). BearManor Media (2009) Santopietro, Thomas "Tom" (2007), Considering Doris Day, New York, NY: Thomas Dunn Books, ISBN 978-0-312-36263-8 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doris Day.

Official website Doris Day
Doris Day
Animal Foundation Doris Day
Doris Day
on IMDb Doris Day
Doris Day
at AllMovie Doris Day
Doris Day
at the TCM Movie Database Spotlight at Turner Classic Movies Christmas message from Doris Day
Doris Day
– The Californian, December 2015.

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Doris Day

Solo albums

You're My Thrill (1949) Young Man with a Horn (1950) Tea for Two (1950) Lullaby of Broadway (1951) On Moonlight Bay (1951) I'll See You in My Dreams (1951) By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953) Calamity Jane (1953) Young at Heart (1954) Love Me or Leave Me (1955) Day Dreams (1955) Day by Day (1956) The Pajama Game
The Pajama Game
(1957) Day by Night
Day by Night
(1957) Hooray for Hollywood (1958; 1959) Cuttin' Capers (1959) What Every Girl Should Know (1960) Show Time (1960) Bright and Shiny (1961) I Have Dreamed (1961) Duet (1962) You'll Never Walk Alone (1962) Billy Rose's Jumbo (1962) Annie Get Your Gun (1963) Love Him (1963) The Doris Day Christmas Album
The Doris Day Christmas Album
(1964) With a Smile and a Song (1964) Latin for Lovers
Latin for Lovers
(1965) Doris Day's Sentimental Journey
Doris Day's Sentimental Journey
(1965) The Love Album (1994) My Heart (2011)

Singles

"Again" "Ain't We Got Fun" "Any Way the Wind Blows" "By the Light of the Silvery Moon" "Confess" "The Deadwood Stage (Whip-Crack-Away!)" "Everybody Loves a Lover" "If I Give My Heart to You" "If You Were the Only Girl (In the World)" "It's Magic" "Love Somebody" "Lullaby of Broadway" "Move Over Darling" "My Darling, My Darling" "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time" "My Love and Devotion" "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)" "Secret Love" "Sentimental Journey" "Thoughtless" "(Why Did I Tell You I Was Going To) Shanghai" "Sugar Bush" "You Should Have Told Me"

Related articles

Discography Filmography Awards and nominations Doris Day
Doris Day
Animal League The Doris Day
Doris Day
Show

episodes

George Weidler (second husband) Martin Melcher (third husband) Terry Melcher
Terry Melcher
(son)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

Best-selling singles by year in the United Kingdom

1952–1969

1952: "Auf Wiederseh'n Sweetheart" – Vera Lynn
Vera Lynn
(UK) 1953: "I Believe" – Frankie Laine 1954: "Secret Love" – Doris Day 1955: "Rose Marie" – Slim Whitman 1956: "I'll Be Home" – Pat Boone 1957: "Diana" – Paul Anka 1958: "Jailhouse Rock" – Elvis Presley 1959: "Living Doll" – Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
(UK) 1960: "It's Now or Never" – Elvis Presley 1961: "Wooden Heart" – Elvis Presley 1962: "I Remember You" – Frank Ifield (UK) 1963: "She Loves You" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1964: "Can't Buy Me Love" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1965: "Tears" – Ken Dodd
Ken Dodd
(UK) 1966: "Green, Green Grass of Home" – Tom Jones (UK) 1967: "Release Me" – Engelbert Humperdinck (UK) 1968: "Hey Jude" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(UK) 1969: "Sugar, Sugar" – The Archies

1970–1989

1970: "The Wonder of You" – Elvis Presley 1971: "My Sweet Lord" – George Harrison
George Harrison
(UK) 1972: "Amazing Grace" – The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Band (UK) 1973: "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" – Tony Orlando and Dawn 1974: "Tiger Feet" – Mud (UK) 1975: "Bye Bye Baby" – Bay City Rollers
Bay City Rollers
(UK) 1976: "Save Your Kisses for Me" – Brotherhood of Man
Brotherhood of Man
(UK) 1977: "Mull of Kintyre" / "Girls' School" – Wings (UK) 1978: "Rivers of Babylon" / "Brown Girl in the Ring" – Boney M. 1979: "Bright Eyes" – Art Garfunkel 1980: "Don't Stand So Close to Me" – The Police
The Police
(UK) 1981: "Don't You Want Me" – The Human League
The Human League
(UK) 1982: "Come On Eileen" – Dexys Midnight Runners
Dexys Midnight Runners
(UK) 1983: "Karma Chameleon" – Culture Club
Culture Club
(UK) 1984: "Do They Know It's Christmas?" – Band Aid (UK) 1985: "The Power of Love" – Jennifer Rush 1986: "Don't Leave Me This Way" – The Communards (UK) 1987: "Never Gonna Give You Up" – Rick Astley
Rick Astley
(UK) 1988: "Mistletoe and Wine" – Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
(UK) 1989: "Ride on Time" – Black Box

1990–2009

1990: "Unchained Melody" – The Righteous Brothers 1991: "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" – Bryan Adams 1992: "I Will Always Love You" – Whitney Houston 1993: "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)" – Meat Loaf 1994: "Love Is All Around" – Wet Wet Wet
Wet Wet Wet
(UK) 1995: "Unchained Melody" – Robson & Jerome (UK) 1996: "Killing Me Softly" – Fugees 1997: "Something About the Way You Look Tonight" / "Candle in the Wind 1997" – Elton John
Elton John
(UK) 1998: "Believe" – Cher 1999: "...Baby One More Time" – Britney Spears 2000: "Can We Fix It?" – Bob the Builder
Bob the Builder
(UK) 2001: "It Wasn't Me" – Shaggy featuring Rikrok
Rikrok
(UK) 2002: "Anything Is Possible" / "Evergreen" – Will Young
Will Young
(UK) 2003: "Where Is the Love?" – The Black Eyed Peas 2004: "Do They Know It's Christmas?" – Band Aid 20 (UK) 2005: "Is This the Way to Amarillo" – Tony Christie
Tony Christie
featuring Peter Kay (UK) 2006: "Crazy" – Gnarls Barkley 2007: "Bleeding Love" – Leona Lewis
Leona Lewis
(UK) 2008: "Hallelujah" – Alexandra Burke
Alexandra Burke
(UK) 2009: "Poker Face" – Lady Gaga

2010–present

2010: "Love the Way You Lie" – Eminem
Eminem
featuring Rihanna 2011: "Someone Like You" – Adele
Adele
(UK) 2012: "Somebody That I Used to Know" – Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra 2013: "Blurred Lines" – Robin Thicke
Robin Thicke
featuring T.I.
T.I.
& Pharrell Williams 2014: "Happy" – Pharrell Williams 2015: "Uptown Funk" – Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
(UK) featuring Bruno Mars 2016: "One Dance" – Drake featuring Wizkid and Kyla (UK) 2017: "Shape of You" - Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
(UK)

v t e

Ohio
Ohio
Women's Hall of Fame

1970–1979

1978

Allen, FlorenceFlorence Allen Black, Helen ChatfieldHelen Chatfield Black Bolton, FrancesFrances Bolton Boyer, ElizabethElizabeth Boyer Bracken, HarrietHarriet Bracken Cooper, Martha KinneyMartha Kinney Cooper Donahey, GertrudeGertrude Donahey Hunter, Jane EdnaJane Edna Hunter Kline, ConsolataConsolata Kline Kunkle, VirginiaVirginia Kunkle Mahoney, MargaretMargaret Mahoney McClelland, Helen GraceHelen Grace McClelland Merritt, AgnesAgnes Merritt Papier, RoseRose Papier Randolph, LottieLottie Randolph Stewart, Ella P.Ella P. Stewart Valiquette, MarigeneMarigene Valiquette Walker, Ann B.Ann B. Walker Walsh, StellaStella Walsh Wells, MarionMarion Wells

1979

Akeley, Mary JobeMary Jobe Akeley Bickerdyke, Mary AnnMary Ann Bickerdyke Cleveland, BeatriceBeatrice Cleveland Earley, Charity EdnaCharity Edna Earley Jammal, EleanorEleanor Jammal Kochan, BerniceBernice Kochan Leedy, EmilyEmily Leedy Lyons, RuthRuth Lyons Mock, JerrieJerrie Mock Phaler, EmmaEmma Phaler Redinger, RachelRachel Redinger Sterne, BobbieBobbie Sterne Swanbeck, EthelEthel Swanbeck Weisenborn, ClaraClara Weisenborn Whiteman, MarjorieMarjorie Whiteman

1980–1989

1980

Berlin, GraceGrace Berlin Bombeck, ErmaErma Bombeck Byrne, Patricia M.Patricia M. Byrne Crawford, RuthRuth Crawford Fast, LouisaLouisa Fast Fuldheim, DorothyDorothy Fuldheim Gish, LillianLillian Gish Greisheimer, EstherEsther Greisheimer Keller, EdithEdith Keller Kitchen, TellaTella Kitchen Krupansky, BlancheBlanche Krupansky Larlham, HattieHattie Larlham Nemeth, Mary LouiseMary Louise Nemeth Oakley, AnnieAnnie Oakley Weber, DorisDoris Weber

1981

Bayer, MildredMildred Bayer Bischoff Lovin, TinaTina Bischoff Lovin Cornelius, DorothyDorothy Cornelius Day, DorisDoris Day Diller, PhyllisPhyllis Diller Hunkins, EusebiaEusebia Hunkins Norton, AndreAndre Norton Untermeyer, Jean StarrJean Starr Untermeyer Upton, Harriet TaylorHarriet Taylor Upton Wilson, NancyNancy Wilson

1982

Boyd, A. MargaretA. Margaret Boyd Eriksson, AnnAnn Eriksson Foley, BerniceBernice Foley George, Zelma WatsonZelma Watson George Izant, Grace GoulderGrace Goulder Izant Morrison, ToniToni Morrison Sewell, PhyllisPhyllis Sewell Spain, JayneJayne Spain Zelkowitz, HelenHelen Zelkowitz

1983

Anderson, Harriet J.Harriet J. Anderson Biggs, IoneIone Biggs Bingham, EulaEula Bingham Boyle, Mary O.Mary O. Boyle Heath, MariwynMariwyn Heath Irwin, JosephineJosephine Irwin Janis, BarbaraBarbara Janis Player, MinnieMinnie Player Steinem, GloriaGloria Steinem Winning, FredaFreda Winning Young, Mary E. MillerMary E. Miller Young

1984

Cooper, SallySally Cooper Harris, Sarah E.Sarah E. Harris Hauserman, Cindy NobleCindy Noble Hauserman Kaptur, MarcyMarcy Kaptur Nussbaum, KarenKaren Nussbaum Oakar, Mary RoseMary Rose Oakar Pinkerton, CatherineCatherine Pinkerton Player, WillaWilla Player Resnik, JudithJudith Resnik Santmyer, Helen HoovenHelen Hooven Santmyer Trimble, MarianMarian Trimble Wollenberg, JoyceJoyce Wollenberg

1985

Cook, Lois Anna BarrLois Anna Barr Cook Cotner, MercedesMercedes Cotner Draz, ZellZell Draz Easterling, BarbaraBarbara Easterling Giovanni, NikkiNikki Giovanni Gonzalez, AuroraAurora Gonzalez Lazarus, MaryMary Lazarus Mandel, BarbaraBarbara Mandel Marcere, NormaNorma Marcere Mulholland, HelenHelen Mulholland Schimmoler, LaurettaLauretta Schimmoler Schott, MargeMarge Schott Steinbrenner, Mary JenMary Jen Steinbrenner

1986

Andrew, MargaretMargaret Andrew Barber, KathleenKathleen Barber Biles, FayFay Biles Blackwell, ElizabethElizabeth Blackwell Clarke, MarieMarie Clarke Crosby, Eva MaeEva Mae Crosby Dee, RubyRuby Dee Drennan, CynthiaCynthia Drennan Glendinning, HookerHooker Glendinning Herring, LouiseLouise Herring LeVeque, KatherineKatherine LeVeque Miller, Ruth RatnerRuth Ratner Miller Nava, AmeliaAmelia Nava Pratt, Arline WebbArline Webb Pratt Przelomski, Anastasia AnnAnastasia Ann Przelomski Purdy, VirginiaVirginia Purdy Walker, Selma LoisSelma Lois Walker Walsh, JuliaJulia Walsh Wattleton, FayeFaye Wattleton Withrow, Mary EllenMary Ellen Withrow

1988

Biggins, AnnaAnna Biggins Clonch, PatriciaPatricia Clonch Craden, NormaNorma Craden Graham, Jewel FreemanJewel Freeman Graham Guisewite, CathyCathy Guisewite Jackson, Rebecca D.Rebecca D. Jackson Jenkins, Carol HeissCarol Heiss Jenkins Kane, CarolCarol Kane Larsen, BeaBea Larsen Lev, Alice RafulAlice Raful Lev Rocker Sogg, LindaLinda Rocker Sogg Smeal, EleanorEleanor Smeal Utz, CarolynCarolyn Utz Ward, Anita SmithAnita Smith Ward

1989

Brown, Jeanette GrasselliJeanette Grasselli Brown Carnahan, MaxineMaxine Carnahan Chapman, TracyTracy Chapman Cowles, Betsy MixBetsy Mix Cowles Gazelle, AnnAnn Gazelle Graves, MichelleMichelle Graves Harshman, FlorenceFlorence Harshman Hutt, JuneJune Hutt Jensen, GeraldineGeraldine Jensen Mahoney, CarolynCarolyn Mahoney Myers, LindaLinda Myers Porter, JennieJennie Porter Poulton, DianeDiane Poulton Powell, ReneeRenee Powell Spretnak, CharleneCharlene Spretnak Ventura, CharleneCharlene Ventura

1990–1999

1990

Gaston, MarilynMarilyn Gaston Jackson, DorothyDorothy Jackson Jackson, Luella TalmadgeLuella Talmadge Jackson Kalven, JanetJanet Kalven Kanter, RosabethRosabeth Kanter Kuhn, MaggieMaggie Kuhn Lamson, JoanJoan Lamson Lin, MayaMaya Lin Macko, Anne VarianoAnne Variano Macko Mott, AliciaAlicia Mott Sauvageot, LudelLudel Sauvageot Shur, Fanchon bat-LillianFanchon bat-Lillian Shur Sutliff, Phebe TemperancePhebe Temperance Sutliff Williams, GrayceGrayce Williams

1991

Abbott, BereniceBerenice Abbott Badger, EarladeenEarladeen Badger Brown, HallieHallie Brown Davidson, JoAnnJoAnn Davidson Diaz-Sprague, RaquelRaquel Diaz-Sprague Dove, RitaRita Dove Gavin, Mary IgnatiaMary Ignatia Gavin Harper, SaraSara Harper Hawk, DonnaDonna Hawk Holley, JuneJune Holley Moore, Martha C.Martha C. Moore Owens, DarleneDarlene Owens Peterson, Helen H.Helen H. Peterson Pituch, MarthaMartha Pituch Pointer, YvonneYvonne Pointer Ruehlmann, VirginiaVirginia Ruehlmann Schwarz, JosephineJosephine Schwarz Timken, SuzanneSuzanne Timken Bieniek, Nancy VertroneNancy Vertrone Bieniek Zannoni, Stella MarieStella Marie Zannoni

1992

Beaumont, Mary of the AnnunciationMary of the Annunciation Beaumont Eaton, AntoinetteAntoinette Eaton McCullough, RubieRubie McCullough Oakley, NancyNancy Oakley Parker, HarrietHarriet Parker Porter, SusanSusan Porter Rice, Helen SteinerHelen Steiner Rice Schille, AliceAlice Schille Thompson, LouellaLouella Thompson

1993

Benson, MildredMildred Benson Bingham, AmeliaAmelia Bingham Coffey, VirginiaVirginia Coffey Colombi, Viola FamianoViola Famiano Colombi Gunter, IvyIvy Gunter Hamilton, VirginiaVirginia Hamilton Hayes, Lucy WebbLucy Webb Hayes Hintz, Joy AliceJoy Alice Hintz Macelwane, GeraldineGeraldine Macelwane McCormick, Anne O'HareAnne O'Hare McCormick Olshansky, RenaRena Olshansky Pincham, EdnaEdna Pincham Plummer, MaxineMaxine Plummer Reilly, JeanJean Reilly Riel, PaulinePauline Riel

1994

Cook, Christine M.Christine M. Cook Coulton, ClaudiaClaudia Coulton Craig-Jones, Ellen WalkerEllen Walker Craig-Jones Ferrall, NanetteNanette Ferrall Griesse, Jill HarmsJill Harms Griesse Griffith, GeorgiaGeorgia Griffith Melton, FlorenceFlorence Melton Nussdorfer, LucilleLucille Nussdorfer Reece, JaneJane Reece Reynolds, Emma AnnEmma Ann Reynolds Scott, CarolCarol Scott Spence, PaulaPaula Spence Tribe, DeannaDeanna Tribe Wald, LillianLillian Wald

1995

Beckwith, SandraSandra Beckwith Beveridge, Daeida Hartell WilcoxDaeida Hartell Wilcox Beveridge Blackmon, Patricia AnnPatricia Ann Blackmon Bowermaster, MaryMary Bowermaster Brennan, ChristineChristine Brennan Cauffman, Joy GarrisonJoy Garrison Cauffman Clark, BunnyBunny Clark Drake, GraceGrace Drake Evans, NaomiNaomi Evans Gage, Frances DanaFrances Dana Gage Kirkham, JaneJane Kirkham Lewis, SylviaSylvia Lewis Longaberger, TamiTami Longaberger Moon, DonnaDonna Moon Murphy, GratiaGratia Murphy Resnick, Alice RobieAlice Robie Resnick Siebert, MurielMuriel Siebert

1996

Cartwright, CarolCarol Cartwright Evans, ElizabethElizabeth Evans Goodall, Rae NatalieRae Natalie Goodall Hauser, ElizabethElizabeth Hauser Healy, BernadineBernadine Healy Kelly, CarolCarol Kelly Lewis, FannieFannie Lewis Montgomery, BettyBetty Montgomery Taft, HopeHope Taft

1997

Ball, CarolCarol Ball Byers, MarilynMarilyn Byers Capers, Jean MurrellJean Murrell Capers Dorsey, MarthaMartha Dorsey Heidelberg, JoanJoan Heidelberg Herbert, ClariceClarice Herbert Lampkin, BeatriceBeatrice Lampkin Mayer Townsend, JacquelynJacquelyn Mayer Townsend O'Rourke, AnnAnn O'Rourke Rothschild, BerylBeryl Rothschild Shackelford, TheklaThekla Shackelford

1998

Campbell, Marianne BoggsMarianne Boggs Campbell Garrison, CaroleCarole Garrison Hollister, NancyNancy Hollister Jones, Stephanie J.Stephanie J. Jones Kay, Bettye RuthBettye Ruth Kay Ross-Lee, BarbaraBarbara Ross-Lee Mackiewicz, AudreyAudrey Mackiewicz Palasics, KathyKathy Palasics Quinn, Margaret DianeMargaret Diane Quinn Seiberling, HenriettaHenrietta Seiberling Taylor, Mary EmilyMary Emily Taylor Varga, VirginiaVirginia Varga Woods, JacquelineJacqueline Woods Zimpher, Nancy LuskNancy Lusk Zimpher

1999

Behrensmeyer, MaryJoMaryJo Behrensmeyer Costilla, AlvinaAlvina Costilla Deal, SarahSarah Deal Doren, ElectraElectra Doren Flowers, DaisyDaisy Flowers Glenn, AnnieAnnie Glenn Hamilton, AnnAnn Hamilton Hoover, CaroleCarole Hoover Horn, Cheryl HanCheryl Han Horn Latham, CarolCarol Latham Linenkugel, NancyNancy Linenkugel Marsh, Marie BarrettMarie Barrett Marsh Parham, MarjorieMarjorie Parham Regula, MaryMary Regula Rubin, Lee LenoreLee Lenore Rubin Stowe, Harriet BeecherHarriet Beecher Stowe Thornton, Jerry SueJerry Sue Thornton Voinovich, JanetJanet Voinovich

2000–2009

2000

Ashbaugh, PaigePaige Ashbaugh Collins, Maude CharlesMaude Charles Collins Dambrot, FayeFaye Dambrot de Leon, MargaritaMargarita de Leon Fletcher, Patricia LouisePatricia Louise Fletcher Harrington, Jean PatriceJean Patrice Harrington Hoffman, ShirleyShirley Hoffman Kazel, DorothyDorothy Kazel Majidzadeh, FarahFarah Majidzadeh Martin, AdaAda Martin Porter, LorleLorle Porter Samaniego, LannaLanna Samaniego Taylor, YvonneYvonne Taylor Wong, MargaretMargaret Wong Zane, BettyBetty Zane

2001

Boreczky, RebeccaRebecca Boreczky Casement, Frances JenningsFrances Jennings Casement Davis, Ruth L.Ruth L. Davis Ford, LucilleLucille Ford Gray, Susan F.Susan F. Gray Harrison, KathleenKathleen Harrison Hughes, Adella PrentissAdella Prentiss Hughes Jackson, Janet E.Janet E. Jackson Kamenshek, Dottie KammieDottie Kammie Kamenshek Levin, MaxineMaxine Levin Long, IreneIrene Long MacDonell, MarthaMartha MacDonell Matesich, Mary AndrewMary Andrew Matesich Powell, ElizabethElizabeth Powell Pryce, DeborahDeborah Pryce Sexton, MariaMaria Sexton Walters, FarahFarah Walters Washington, Georgeta BlebeaGeorgeta Blebea Washington

2002

Barker, JudyJudy Barker Buchholzer, Frances SeiberlingFrances Seiberling Buchholzer Campbell, Joan BrownJoan Brown Campbell Frankenberg, NancyNancy Frankenberg Hart-Deming, ZellZell Hart-Deming Helsel, ElsieElsie Helsel Horstman, Katie T.Katie T. Horstman Hwang, JennieJennie Hwang Lewis, Cathy MonroeCathy Monroe Lewis Robertson, Viola StartzmanViola Startzman Robertson Spielman, StefanieStefanie Spielman Sullivan, KathrynKathryn Sullivan

2003

Bailey, SheilaSheila Bailey Blunden, Jeraldyne KilbornJeraldyne Kilborn Blunden Carter, ShannonShannon Carter Fleming, LuceilleLuceille Fleming Gonzalez-Sanabria, OlgaOlga Gonzalez-Sanabria Janis, ElsieElsie Janis Lenski, LoisLois Lenski Mosley-Thompson, EllenEllen Mosley-Thompson Nelson, CathyCathy Nelson Scott, Evlyn GrayEvlyn Gray Scott Williams, YvonneYvonne Williams

2007

Brugler, Rogers MargaretRogers Margaret Brugler Chatfield, JuliaJulia Chatfield Hastings, LucilleLucille Hastings Howard, LillieLillie Howard Jorgenson, Mary AnnMary Ann Jorgenson Mahaney, JoyceJoyce Mahaney Schlotfeldt, RozellaRozella Schlotfeldt Smith, Katherine MayKatherine May Smith Wang, FlorenceFlorence Wang

2008

Baunach, DorothyDorothy Baunach Black, CarrieCarrie Black Bosca, CaroCaro Bosca Brown, Yvette McGeeYvette McGee Brown Crane, LoannLoann Crane Durgin, JoanJoan Durgin Gibbs, CarolCarol Gibbs Johnson, BillieBillie Johnson Lei, JihJih Lei Magee, ElizabethElizabeth Magee Rajadhyaksha, KasturiKasturi Rajadhyaksha Salamon, JulieJulie Salamon Wheatly, MicheleMichele Wheatly

2009

Collins, GailGail Collins Davis, Pamela B.Pamela B. Davis de Groh, KimKim de Groh Gray, Beverly J.Beverly J. Gray Howard, SharonSharon Howard Kuhre, CarolCarol Kuhre Manning, VirginiaVirginia Manning Moss, HelenHelen Moss Rycus, JudithJudith Rycus Sandusky, Mary AdelaideMary Adelaide Sandusky Watson, GlennaGlenna Watson Williams, BernettBernett Williams Williamson, CeliaCelia Williamson

2010–2019

2010

Alvarene, OwensOwens Alvarene Channing, Tenenbaum GayleTenenbaum Gayle Channing Chapman, Dorothy McAlpin MaguireDorothy McAlpin Maguire Chapman Fergus, BarbaraBarbara Fergus Kearns, Merle GraceMerle Grace Kearns Lee, Rebecca J.Rebecca J. Lee McClelland, NinaNina McClelland Moresky, LanaLana Moresky Otto, Martha PotterMartha Potter Otto Ruppert, ElizabethElizabeth Ruppert Singh, RitaRita Singh

2011

Boyce, Cheryl A.Cheryl A. Boyce Flick, Elizabeth H.Elizabeth H. Flick Harper, FrancesFrances Harper Hollis, Brenda J.Brenda J. Hollis Juhas, Mary C.Mary C. Juhas Luckner, Kleia R.Kleia R. Luckner Lyons, Valerie J.Valerie J. Lyons Noelker, Linda S.Linda S. Noelker Vonderhaar, CarrieCarrie Vonderhaar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42024932 LCCN: n50035209 ISNI: 0000 0001 1471 2242 GND: 118524119 SELIBR: 361000 SUDOC: 074062530 BNF: cb138930476 (data) MusicBrainz: 3db5dfb1-1b91-4038-8268-ae04d15b6a3e NLA: 35034093 NKC: xx0017294 ICCU: ITICCUTO0V342542 BNE: XX1041910 SNAC: w6k48s01

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