Dongolawi is a
Nubian language of northern Sudan. It is spoken in the
Nile Valley, from roughly the 3rd cataract (south of Kerma) upstream
to the bend in the Nile near ed Debba. With population displacement
due to the
Aswan High Dam
Aswan High Dam there are communities of speakers in eastern
Sudan (Khashm el Girba).
Dongolawi is an Arabic term based on the town of Old Dongola, the
centre of the historic Christian kingdom of
Makuria (6th to 14th
Dongola was founded during the 19th century on the
western side of the Nile. The Dongolawi call their language Andaandi
[andaːndi] "(the language) of our home".
Nearly all Dongolawi speakers are also speakers of Sudanese Arabic,
the lingua franca of Sudan. Arabic–Dongolawi bilingualism is
replacive in the sense that Dongolawi is threatened by complete
replacement by Arabic (Jakobi 2008).
Dongolawi is closely related to Kenzi (Mattokki), spoken in southern
Egypt. They were once considered dialects of a single language,
Kenzi-Dongolawi. More recent research recognises them as distinct
languages without a "particularly close genetic relationship."
Apart from these two languages spoken along the Nile, three extinct
varieties were included under Kenzi-Dongolawi.
^ Dongolawi at
Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds.
Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute
for the Science of Human History.
^ Bechhaus-Gerst, Marianne. The (Hi)story of Nobiin — 1000 Years of
Language Change. Peter Lang, 2011, p. 22.
Dongolawi basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database
Eastern Sudanic languages
Northern k languages
Southern n languages
This Sudan-related article is a stub. You can help by