Domodedovo (town)
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Domodedovo ( rus, Домодедово, p=dəmɐˈdʲedəvə) is a
city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a ...
in
Moscow Oblast Moscow Oblast ( rus, Моско́вская о́бласть, r=Moskovskaya oblast', p=mɐˈskofskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ), or Podmoskovye ( rus, Подмоско́вье, p=pədmɐˈskovʲjə, literally "wiktionary:под-, under Moscow"), is a fe ...

Moscow Oblast
, Russia, located south of Moscow. Population: The increase of population is due to the merger of three neighboring inhabited localities into the town in 2004.


Geography

The city is located on the Moskva-Oka plain, in the center of the
East European Plain The East European Plain (also called the Russian Plain, "Extending from eastern Poland through the entire European Russia European Russia (russian: Европейская Россия, russian: европейская часть России, la ...
, south-east of the capital, 37 km from the center of Moscow, on the Moscow – Kashira highway and the Paveletsky suburban railway line, near the
federal highway Federal Highways and Federal Routes can be found in: *Australia: Federal HighwayFederal Highways and Federal Routes can be found in: *Australia: Federal Highway *Germany: '' Bundesstraßen'' *Malaysia: Federal Highway and Malaysian Federal Roa ...

federal highway
, M-4 "Don". Most of the town is located to the west of the railway line. The town stretches from north to south along the railroad tracks on 26 kilometers. The climate is moderate continental, with cold, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers. The frequent passage of cyclones from the Atlantic and the Mediterranean sometimes causes an increase in cloud cover. Average mid-January temperature is about −10,5 °C, and mid-July is +17,5 °C. The average duration of the frost-free period is 130 days. Soil is alluvial, gray forest. Water resources are virtually non-existent. The main rivers that flows in the area are Rozhayka,
Severka Severka (russian: Северка) is a types of inhabited localities in Russia, rural locality (a Village#Russia, selo) and the administrative center of Seversky Selsoviet of Klyuchevsky District, Altai Krai, Russia. The population was 1,562 as of 2 ...

Severka
and Pakhra Rivers.


History

The name of the modern town, Domodedovo which was incorporated in 1900, was given after nearby village with the same name, was first mentioned around 1401 in the spiritual literacy of Vladimir the Bold, Prince of Serpukhov and Borovski. The modern city is located on the old road, Kashira way, that for centuries Transport in Russia, connected Moscow with Kashira and many other southern cities. In the 17th century within the town of Domodedovo two villages existed: Nazarevo (russian: link=no, Назарьево) and Sknilovo (russian: link=no, Скнилово). The exact date of their disappearance is unknown. In 1781, during the Administrative reform of Catherine the Great, administrative reform of Catherine II a city called Nikitsk was founded on site Kolychёva village and was a district seat in the Moscow Governorate. The Nikitsky District included Domodedovo village as well as Nikitskoye, Bityagovo and Zaborye which were part of the territory of today's Domodedovo District, and directly, on the territory of the town itself. Almost until the middle of the 19th century the town area was overgrown with small bush (plant), bushes and deciduous trees. During Emancipation reform of 1861, 1861 the peasant reform, on part of the land that belonged to the town of Podolsk in Domodedovo District, the Domodedovo palace forest dacha was formed. Domodedovo was founded in 1900 as a settlement next to a train station of the same name. It was called after a nearby village of Domodedovo, which is known to have existed since 1410. It was granted town status in 1947. The Domodedovo International Airport is located a few kilometers away from Domodedovo proper. In 2007, a referendum on the building of a toll motorway within the city limits took place, where 95% of the inhabitants voted against. A group of residents of Domodedovo have announced the establishment of the "Russian Democratic Republic"The name is alternatively transliterated as "Ruski" by various sources. and asked the European Union for official recognition.


Administrative and municipal status

Within the subdivisions of Russia#Administrative divisions, framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with 139 rural localities, incorporated as Domodedovo City of federal subject significance, Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the administrative divisions of Moscow Oblast, districts.Law #11/2013-OZ The administrative division was established on 1 April 2011 as a result of abolishing Domodedovsky District, the territory of which was re-organized as the town under oblast jurisdiction. As a subdivisions of Russia#Municipal divisions, municipal division, Domodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Domodedovo Urban Okrug.Law #234/2006-OZ


Economy

There is a big industrial area with construction materials plants and warehouses complexes. Transaero had its head office on the property of Domodedovo Airport.Contact us
. Transaero Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "JSC "Transaero Airlines", Domodedovo airport, Domodedovskiy District, Moscow region, 142015, Russia." –
Связь с нами
." – Address in Russian: "142015, Россия, Московская область, Домодедовский район, аэропорт «Домодедово», ОАО «АК «Трансаэро»"


Media

The local newspaper is ''Prizyv''; the local TV-stations are ''TV-Domodedovo'' and ''Aviatel''.


References


Notes


Sources

* *


External links


Official website of Domodedovo

Domodedovo Business Directory
{{Authority control Cities and towns in Moscow Oblast