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A DOMINANT MINORITY is a minority group that has overwhelming political , economic , or cultural dominance in a country , despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority ). Dominant minorities are also known as ALIEN ELITES if they are recent immigrants.

The term is most commonly used to refer to an ethnic group which is defined along racial , national , religious , cultural or tribal lines and that holds a disproportionate amount of power. A notable example is South Africa
South Africa
during the apartheid regime, where White South Africans , or Afrikaners more specifically, wielded predominant control of the country, despite never composing more than 22% of the population. African American-descended nationals in Liberia
Liberia
, Sunni Arabs
Arabs
in Ba\'athist Iraq
Iraq
, the Alawite minority in Syria
Syria
(since 1970 under the rule of the Alawite Assad family), and the Tutsi
Tutsi
in Rwanda since the 1990s have also been cited as current or recent examples.

CONTENTS

* 1 Examples

* 1.1 Current

* 1.1.1 Political * 1.1.2 Economic

* 1.2 Historical

* 2 See also * 3 Footnotes * 4 References

EXAMPLES

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CURRENT

Political

* Muhajirs in Pakistan
Pakistan
* North Yemeni Arabs
Arabs
in Yemen
Yemen
* Alawites
Alawites
in Syria
Syria
* Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
in Bahrain
Bahrain
* Tigrayans
Tigrayans
in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
since 1991 * West Germans in East Germany * Tutsi
Tutsi
in Rwanda
Rwanda

Economic

* Ethnic Chinese in most of Southeast Asia (in several countries, this group makes up 15% or less of the population while owning over 60% of the economy of such countries) * Indians in Fiji
Indians in Fiji
* Indians in Kenya * Indians in Madagascar (Despite making up less than 1% of the population, by 2000 they controlled between 50% to 60% of the economy.) * Indians in Uganda (Despite making up less than 1% of the population, they dominate the economy and produce most of the country's tax revenues ) * Indian diaspora in most of East Africa * Brasiguayos in Paraguay
Paraguay
(despite making less than 2% of the Paraguayan population,Paraguayans of Brazilian descent control most of the industrial and economic sector) * White South African
White South African
still own the majority of businesses in South Africa

HISTORICAL

* Arab Sudanese in (pre-independence) South Sudan
South Sudan
* Afro-Guyanese in Guyana
Guyana
* Paulistas in early 20th century Brazil
Brazil
* Ahom Tribe
Tribe
in erstwhile Ahom Kingdom
Ahom Kingdom
now modern-day Assam
Assam
, India * Americo-Liberians in Liberia
Liberia
* Anglo-Quebecers in Quebec
Quebec
prior and up until the Quiet Revolution
Quiet Revolution
* Arabs
Arabs
in the Zanzibar Sultanate
Zanzibar Sultanate
* Azerbaijanis
Azerbaijanis
in the Safavid Iran
Safavid Iran
* Burmese Indians in Myanmar
Myanmar
* Caldoches in New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Catholics in South Vietnam
South Vietnam
* Catholics in the Electorate of Saxony
Electorate of Saxony
and Kingdom of Saxony (from the 1 June 1697) * Catholics in Old Swiss Confederacy
Old Swiss Confederacy
(from the Second War of Kappel to the Toggenburg War ) * Hindu
Hindu
Dogras in the Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir from the early 19th to the 20th century. * Dutch and Indo people
Indo people
in the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
(modern-day Indonesia
Indonesia
) * French Lusignans in medieval Cyprus * Baltic Germans
Baltic Germans
in modern Estonia
Estonia
and Latvia
Latvia
during the crusader state era , subsequent local German states, Swedish rule in Estonia and later the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
* Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt * Hungarians
Hungarians
in Transylvania
Transylvania
* Krios in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
* Mainlanders in Taiwan (Republic of China) during the martial law period * Manchurians in the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
, China
China
* Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
, China
China
* Norman French in the Norman Dynasty
Norman Dynasty
of England
England
* Peninsulares in the New World
New World
, modern-day Mexico
Mexico
, Colombia
Colombia
, Philippines
Philippines
, Cuba
Cuba
, and other nations of the former Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
* Phoenicians in Ancient Carthage
Ancient Carthage
* Pieds-Noirs in French Algeria
French Algeria
* The Protestant Ascendancy
Protestant Ascendancy
in British-ruled Ireland
Ireland
* Ethnic Russians in the Baltic Soviet Republics , central Asia and various other Republics. * Scots-speaking Lowlanders in Scotland prior to the Highland Clearances * Serbian people in Kosovo
Kosovo
after the break-up of Socialist Yugoslavia * Sudanese Arabs in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
(modern-day Sudan
Sudan
and South Sudan
Sudan
) * Arab Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
in Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
-era Iraq
Iraq
* Swedes in Finland
Finland
during the Swedish rule and Russian Grand Duchy period * White Jamaican in Jamaica
Jamaica
* White Rhodesians in Rhodesia
Rhodesia
* White South Africans
White South Africans
in South Africa
South Africa
during apartheid * White Namibians
White Namibians
in Namibia under South African rule during apartheid * White Anglo-Saxon Protestants in the United States
United States
* French speakers in Belgium
Belgium
before World War II
World War II

SEE ALSO

* Politics portal

* Colonialism
Colonialism
, particularly exploitation colonialism and plantation colonies * Elitism * Middleman minority * Minoritarianism * Minority influence * Model minority * Neocolonialism
Neocolonialism
* World on Fire , a book that introduces the concept of "market-dominant minority" * We are the 99%

FOOTNOTES

* ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255857716_Ethnic_Federalism_in_Pakistan_Federal_Design_Construction_of_Ethno-Linguistic_Identity_and_Group_Conflict * ^ http://infochangeindia.org/agenda/migration-a-displacement/the-muhajirs-in-the-promised-land.html * ^ https://flutterbareer.wordpress.com/2017/07/10/neue-proteste-fuer-eine-unabhaengigkeit-suedjemens/ * ^ https://www.nzz.ch/international/separatisten-im-sueden-drei-regierungen-fuer-jemen-ld.1292924 * ^ https://www.tah.de/welt/afp-news-single/mehrere-tote-bei-schweren-kaempfen-in-suedjemens-hafenstadt-aden.html * ^ Oded Haklai. A minority rule over a hostile majority: The case of Syria. * ^ " Bahrain
Bahrain
country profile - Overview". BBC. BBC News. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2013". State.gov. US State Department. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ "Bahrain: The Authorities Continue to Oppress the Shia Sect". Bahrain
Bahrain
Center for Human Rights. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Dahir, Abdi Latif (30 October 2016). "Ethiopia\'s crisis is a result of decades of land disputes and ethnic power battles". Quartz Africa. Retrieved 4 February 2017. For a quarter of a century, the Tigrayans, who make up only 6% of the country’s over 100 million population, have enjoyed disproportionate influence and representation in government. * ^ https://www.berliner-zeitung.de/politik/studie-westdeutsche-dominieren-die-eliten---sogar-in-ostdeutschland-28746228 * ^ https://www.ksta.de/politik/studie-westdeutsche-dominieren-die-eliten---sogar-in-ostdeutschland-28746228 * ^ http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/fuenf-neue-bundeslaender-osten-wird-von-westdeutschen-beamten-beherrscht/8845394.html * ^ http://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/der-tag-mit-jenny-friedrich-freksa-dominieren-westdeutsche.2950.de.html?dram:article_id=399552 * ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 978-0385721868 . * ^ Siegel, Matt; Veisamasama, Malakai (16 September 2014). "Ghosts of ethnic conflicts past haunt Fiji vote". www.reuters.com. Reuters
Reuters
. Retrieved 14 December 2017. * ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 978-0385721868 . * ^ http://prayafrica.org/project/gujarati-of-madagascar/ * ^ Dawood, Farhana (15 May 2016). "Ugandan Asians dominate economy after exile". www.bbc.com. BBC News
BBC News
. Retrieved 14 December 2017. * ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 246. ISBN 978-0385721868 . * ^ http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mercado/2017/12/1947163-brasileiros-abrem-7-de-cada-10-industrias-do-paraguai.shtml * ^ http://theconversation.com/white-people-in-south-africa-still-hold-the-lions-share-of-all-forms-of-capital-75510 * ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. * ^ President William V. S. Tubman, 1944 - 1971. * ^ U.S. Department of State. U.S. Relations With Liberia. * ^ Nicole Itano. For Liberians, old ties to US linger. * ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 978-0385721868 .

REFERENCES

* Barzilai, Gad. Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003). ISBN 978-0-472-03079-8 * Gibson, Richard. African Liberation Movements: Contemporary Struggles against White Minority Rule (Institute of Race Relations: Oxford University Press, London, 1972). ISBN 0-19-218402-4 * Russell, Margo and Martin. Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). ISBN 0-521-21897-7 * Johnson, Howard and Watson, Karl (eds.). The white minority in the Caribbean (Wiener Publishing, Princeton, NJ, 1998). ISBN 976-8123-10-9 , ISBN 1-55876-161-6 * Chua, Amy. World on Fire : How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability (Doubleday, New York, 2003). ISBN 0-385-50302-4 * Haviland, William. Cultural
Cultural
Anthropology. (Vermont: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993). p. 250-252. ISBN 0-15-508550-6 .

* v * t * e

Ethnicity

Related concepts

* Clan

* Ethnic group
Ethnic group

* Ethnolinguistic group * Ethnoreligious group
Ethnoreligious group

* Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
* Ingroups and outgroups * Meta-ethnicity * Metroethnicity * Minority group * Monoethnicity * Nation * Nationality
Nationality
* Panethnicity * Polyethnicity * Population
Population
* Race * Symbolic ethnicity * Tribe
Tribe

ETHNOLOGY

* Anthropology
Anthropology
* Ethnic studies * Ethnoarchaeology

* Ethnobiology
Ethnobiology

* Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
* Ethnozoology * Ethnoecology

* Ethnocinema * Ethnogeology

* Ethnography
Ethnography

* Autoethnography * Clinical * Critical * Cyber- * Netnography * Online * Person-centered * Salvage * Transidioethnography * Video

* Ethnohistory * Ethnolinguistics * Ethnology
Ethnology
* Ethnomathematics * Ethnomethodology * Ethnomuseology * Ethnomusicology
Ethnomusicology
* Ethnophilosophy * Ethnopoetics * Ethnoscience * Ethnosemiotics * Ethnotaxonomy

Groups by region

* AFRICA

* Arab League

* AMERICAS

* Indigenous * Canada * Mexico
Mexico
* United States
United States
* Central America * South America

* ASIA

* Central Asia * East Asia * Northern Asia * South Asia * Southeast Asia * West Asia

* AUSTRALIA

* Indigenous

* EUROPE

* OCEANIA

* Indigenous * European

Identity and ethnogenesis

* Cross-race effect * Cultural
Cultural
assimilation * Cultural
Cultural
identity * Demonym * Development * Endonym * Ethnic flag * Ethnic option * Ethnic origin * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Ethnicity in census * Ethnofiction * Ethnonym * Folk religion
Folk religion
* Historical * Imagined community * Kinship
Kinship
* Legendary progenitor * Lineage-bonded society * Mores
Mores
* Nation-building * Nation state * National language
National language
* National myth * Origin myth * Pantribal sodality * Tribal
Tribal
name * Tribalism * Urheimat
Urheimat

Multiethnic society

* Consociationalism * Diaspora politics * Dominant minority * Ethnic democracy * Ethnic enclave
Ethnic enclave
* Ethnic interest group * Ethnic majority * Ethnic media * Ethnic pornography
Ethnic pornography
* Ethnic theme park * Ethnoburb
Ethnoburb
* Ethnocracy * Indigenous rights
Indigenous rights
* Middleman minority * Minority rights * Model minority * Multinational state
Multinational state

Ideology and ethnic conflict

* Ethnic bioweapon * Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
* Ethnic hatred * Ethnic joke * Ethnic nationalism
Ethnic nationalism
* Ethnic nepotism * Ethnic penalty * Ethnic slur * Ethnic stereotype
Ethnic stereotype
* Ethnic violence * Ethnocentrism * Ethnocide * Ethnosymbolism * Indigenism * Separatist movements * X

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