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A dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic, or cultural dominance in a country, despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority). Dominant minorities are also known as alien elites if they are recent immigrants. The term is most commonly used to refer to an ethnic group which is defined along racial, national, religious, cultural or tribal lines and that holds a disproportionate amount of power. A notable example is South Africa
South Africa
during the apartheid regime, where White South Africans, or Afrikaners more specifically, wielded predominant control of the country, despite never composing more than 22% of the population. African American-descended nationals in Liberia, Sunni Arabs
Arabs
in Ba'athist Iraq, the Alawite
Alawite
minority in Syria
Syria
(since 1970 under the rule of the Alawite
Alawite
Assad family), and the Tutsi
Tutsi
in Rwanda since the 1990s have also been cited as current or recent examples.

Contents

1 Examples

1.1 Current

1.1.1 Political 1.1.2 Economic

1.2 Historical

2 See also 3 Footnotes 4 References

Examples[edit]

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Current[edit] Political[edit]

Alawites
Alawites
in Syria[1] Muhajirs in Pakistan[2][3] North Yemeni Arabs
Arabs
in Yemen[4][5][6] Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
in Bahrain[7][8][9] Tigrayans
Tigrayans
in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
since 1991[10] Tutsi
Tutsi
in Rwanda West Germans
West Germans
in East Germany[11][12][13][14]

Economic[edit]

Brasiguayos in Paraguay
Paraguay
(despite making up less than 2% of the Paraguayan population, Paraguayans of Brazilian descent control most of the industrial and economic sector)[15] Ethnic Chinese in most of Southeast Asia (in several countries, this group makes up 15% or less of the population while owning over 60% of the economy of such countries)[16] Indians in Fiji[17] Indians in Kenya[18] Indians in Madagascar (despite making up less than 1% of the population, by 2000 they controlled between 50% to 60% of the economy)[19] Indians in Uganda (despite making up less than 1% of the population, they dominate the economy and produce most of the country's tax revenues)[20] Indian diaspora in most of East Africa[21] White South Africans
White South Africans
still own the majority of businesses in South Africa[22]

Historical[edit]

Arab Sudanese in (pre-independence) South Sudan Afro-Guyanese in Guyana Ahom Tribe
Tribe
in erstwhile Ahom Kingdom
Ahom Kingdom
now modern-day Assam, India[23] Americo-Liberians
Americo-Liberians
in Liberia[24][25][26] Anglo-Quebecers in Quebec
Quebec
prior and up until the Quiet Revolution Arabs
Arabs
in the Zanzibar Sultanate Azerbaijanis
Azerbaijanis
in the Safavid Iran Baltic Germans
Baltic Germans
in modern Estonia
Estonia
and Latvia
Latvia
during the crusader state era, subsequent local German states, Swedish rule in Estonia
Estonia
and later the Russian Empire Burmese Indians
Burmese Indians
in Myanmar[27] Caldoches in New Caledonia Catholics in South Vietnam Catholics in the Electorate of Saxony
Electorate of Saxony
and Kingdom of Saxony
Kingdom of Saxony
(from the 1 June 1697) Catholics in Old Swiss Confederacy
Old Swiss Confederacy
(from the Second War of Kappel
Second War of Kappel
to the Toggenburg War) Dutch and Indo people[citation needed] in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia) French Lusignans in medieval Cyprus French speakers in Belgium
Belgium
before World War II Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt Greek Phanariotes
Phanariotes
in the Danubian Principalities
Danubian Principalities
of Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia Hungarians
Hungarians
in Transylvania Krios in Sierra Leone Mainlanders in Taiwan (Republic of China) during the martial law period Manchurians in the Qing Dynasty, China Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty, China Norman French in the Norman Dynasty
Norman Dynasty
of England Paulistas in early 20th century Brazil Peninsulares in the New World, modern-day Mexico, Colombia, Philippines, Cuba, and other nations of the former Spanish Empire Phoenicians in Ancient Carthage Pieds-Noirs in French Algeria The Protestant Ascendancy
Protestant Ascendancy
in British-ruled Ireland Ethnic Russians in the Baltic Soviet Republics, central Asia and various other Republics. Scots-speaking Lowlanders in Scotland prior to the Highland Clearances Serbian people
Serbian people
in Kosovo
Kosovo
after the break-up of Socialist Yugoslavia Sikhs in the Muslim-majority Punjab ( state) India
India
from the early 18th to the 20th century. Sudanese Arabs
Sudanese Arabs
in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
(modern-day Sudan
Sudan
and South Sudan) Arab Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
in Saddam Hussein-era Iraq Swedes in Finland
Finland
during the Swedish rule and Russian Grand Duchy period White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
in the United States White Jamaican in Jamaica White Rajah
White Rajah
in Sarawak White Namibians
White Namibians
in Namibia under South African rule during apartheid White Rhodesians in Rhodesia White South Africans
White South Africans
in South Africa
South Africa
during apartheid Jews in Russia
Jews in Russia
despite being an ethnic minority, in the 1990s six of the seven Russian oligarchs that controlled ~50% of the economy were Jewish.[28]

See also[edit]

Politics portal

Colonialism, particularly exploitation colonialism and plantation colonies Elitism Middleman minority Minoritarianism Minority influence Model minority Neocolonialism World on Fire, a book that introduces the concept of "market-dominant minority" We are the 99%

Footnotes[edit]

^ Oded Haklai. A minority rule over a hostile majority: The case of Syria.  ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255857716_Ethnic_Federalism_in_Pakistan_Federal_Design_Construction_of_Ethno-Linguistic_Identity_and_Group_Conflict ^ http://infochangeindia.org/agenda/migration-a-displacement/the-muhajirs-in-the-promised-land.html ^ https://flutterbareer.wordpress.com/2017/07/10/neue-proteste-fuer-eine-unabhaengigkeit-suedjemens/ ^ https://www.nzz.ch/international/separatisten-im-sueden-drei-regierungen-fuer-jemen-ld.1292924 ^ https://www.tah.de/welt/afp-news-single/mehrere-tote-bei-schweren-kaempfen-in-suedjemens-hafenstadt-aden.html ^ " Bahrain
Bahrain
country profile - Overview". BBC. BBC News. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.  ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2013". State.gov. US State Department. Retrieved 1 April 2015.  ^ "Bahrain: The Authorities Continue to Oppress the Shia Sect". Bahrain
Bahrain
Center for Human Rights. Retrieved 1 April 2015.  ^ Dahir, Abdi Latif (30 October 2016). "Ethiopia's crisis is a result of decades of land disputes and ethnic power battles". Quartz Africa. Retrieved 4 February 2017. For a quarter of a century, the Tigrayans, who make up only 6% of the country’s over 100 million population, have enjoyed disproportionate influence and representation in government.  ^ https://www.berliner-zeitung.de/politik/studie-westdeutsche-dominieren-die-eliten---sogar-in-ostdeutschland-28746228 ^ https://www.ksta.de/politik/studie-westdeutsche-dominieren-die-eliten---sogar-in-ostdeutschland-28746228 ^ http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/fuenf-neue-bundeslaender-osten-wird-von-westdeutschen-beamten-beherrscht/8845394.html ^ http://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/der-tag-mit-jenny-friedrich-freksa-dominieren-westdeutsche.2950.de.html?dram:article_id=399552 ^ http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mercado/2017/12/1947163-brasileiros-abrem-7-de-cada-10-industrias-do-paraguai.shtml ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 978-0385721868.  ^ Siegel, Matt; Veisamasama, Malakai (16 September 2014). "Ghosts of ethnic conflicts past haunt Fiji vote". www.reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 978-0385721868.  ^ http://prayafrica.org/project/gujarati-of-madagascar/ ^ Dawood, Farhana (15 May 2016). "Ugandan Asians dominate economy after exile". www.bbc.com. BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 246. ISBN 978-0385721868.  ^ http://theconversation.com/white-people-in-south-africa-still-hold-the-lions-share-of-all-forms-of-capital-75510 ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories.  ^ President William V. S. Tubman, 1944 - 1971.  ^ U.S. Department of State. U.S. Relations With Liberia.  ^ Nicole Itano. For Liberians, old ties to US linger.  ^ Chua, Amy (2003). World On Fire. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 978-0385721868.  ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/jul/02/russia.lukeharding1

References[edit]

Barzilai, Gad. Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003). ISBN 978-0-472-03079-8 Gibson, Richard. African Liberation Movements: Contemporary Struggles against White Minority Rule (Institute of Race Relations: Oxford University Press, London, 1972). ISBN 0-19-218402-4 Russell, Margo and Martin. Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). ISBN 0-521-21897-7 Johnson, Howard and Watson, Karl (eds.). The white minority in the Caribbean (Wiener Publishing, Princeton, NJ, 1998). ISBN 976-8123-10-9, ISBN 1-55876-161-6 Chua, Amy. World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability (Doubleday, New York, 2003). ISBN 0-385-50302-4 Haviland, William. Cultural
Cultural
Anthropology. (Vermont: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993). p. 250-252. ISBN 0-15-508550-6.

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Ethnicity

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Identity and ethnogenesis

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assimilation Cultural
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Ideology and ethnic conflict

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