DOLWYDDELAN CASTLE (Welsh : Castell Dolwyddelan) is a Welsh castle
Dolwyddelan in Conwy County Borough in
North Wales . It
is thought to have been built in the early 13th century by Llywelyn
the Great , Prince of Gwynedd and North Wales. Though the castle was
then only one tower with two floors, a second tower was built in the
late 13th century and a third floor was added to the first during the
late 15th century repairs.
* 1 Construction
* 2 History
* 3 Media appearances
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 External links
The castle was built, using mostly local grit and slate rubble, as
one of the Snowdonian strongholds of the princes of Gwynedd . Though
there are no records of the exact construction date, it is thought
that a single rectangular tower, with two floors, was built in the
early 13th century. The first floor would have consisted of a main
chamber with a fireplace, with a trapdoor for entrance to the
basement, and the main keep's doorway would have been covered by a
porch or forebuilding.
The second two-storey tower was added by Edward I during the repairs
in 1283–84 and linked by an irregular curtain wall with a courtyard
in the centre, with further work undertaken in 1290–92. This
second tower contained a fireplace on the top floor reached by
internal stairs. A third storey was added to the main keep in the
late 15th century, resulting in it then reaching a height of 40 feet
(12 m). The castle was heavily restored between 1848 and 1850 by
Baron Willoughby de Eresby during which time the battlements were
Dolwyddelan castle, c.1778, in
Thomas Pennant 's A Tour of Wales
The Welsh castle, built in the early 13th century, functioned as a
guard post along a main route through North Wales. It was reputed to
be the birthplace of
Llywelyn the Great
Llywelyn the Great , though it is now thought
that he was born at Tomen Castell, a small tower that previously stood
on a nearby hill, and that he built
Dolwyddelan Castle. On 18
January 1283 it was captured by
Edward I of England 's forces during
the final stages of his conquest of Wales. :194–195 Some historians
have suggested that there may have been a deal between the defenders
of the castle and Edward I in which its surrender was negotiated. :195
The castle was then modified and strengthened until at least 1286 for
occupation by an English garrison with recorded repairs including
carpentry, the bridge, and the water mill .
Edwardian troops maintained a military presence here until 1290. As
the long-term strategy of control in Wales began to rely on military
and administrative centres accessible by sea, the inland castles
In the 15th century, the upper storey and drainage system were added
to the keep by local lord Maredudd ap Ieuan who acquired the lease in
1488. It was restored and partly re-modelled in the 19th century by
Lord Willoughby de Eresby , who added the distinctive battlements .
It was reported that in around 1810 one of the towers may have
In 1930 the building was placed under the guardianship of the
Ministry of Works . The castle is now under the protection of
which is part of the
Welsh Assembly 's historic environment division.
In 1980 the location was used for all the outdoor shots of Ulrich's
castle during the making of the film
Dragonslayer . Dolwyddelan
Castle's keep. The stairs lead to an entrance on the first floor.
Castles in Great Britain and Ireland
List of castles in Wales
* ^ A B C D Stephen Friar (2003). The Sutton Companion to Castles.
Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750927445 .
* ^ Ernest Neaverson (1947). Mediaeval Castles in North Wales. The
University Press of Liverpool. pp. 31–33.
* ^ A B C
Castle (Sign inside castle). Dolwyddelan
Thomas Roscoe (1844). Wandering in North Wales.
* ^ Britain\'s Medieval Castles. Praeger Publishers. 2006. p. 102.
ISBN 0275984141 .
* ^ A B C John Kenyon (2010). The Medieval Castles of Wales. The
University of Wales Press. ISBN 9780708321805 .
* ^ A B Arnold Taylor (1986). The Welsh Castles of Edward I. The
Hambledon Press. ISBN 0907628710 .
* ^ A B Simon Jenkins (2011). Wales: Churches, Houses, Castles.
ISBN 978-0-141-02412-7 .
* ^ The Snowdonia Tourism Association. The Villages of Snowdon.
* ^ Jeffrey L. Thomas. "Tomen Castell". Retrieved 2 October 2013.
* ^ Geraint Roberts (2006). Welsh Castles.
Y Lolfa . ISBN
* ^ A B
Michael Prestwich (1988). Edward I. University of
California Press. ISBN 0520062663 .
* ^ "
Dolwyddelan Castle". CADW. 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
* ^ Prestwich, Michael (2005). Plantagenet England 1225–1360. p.
* ^ A B Lise Hull (2008). Great Castles of Britain and Ireland. New
Holland Publishers. p. 122. ISBN 9781847731302 .
* ^ Michael Senior (1984). The Conwy Valley: Its Long History.
Gwasg Carreg Gwalch. p. 23. ISBN 0863810357 .
* ^ Barnwell, E. L. (1883). "
Dolwyddelan Castle". Archaeologia
Cambrensis. 38: 51. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
* ^ The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Wales (1956). An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in
Caernarvonshire: I East: the Cantref of Arllechwedd and the Commote of
Creuddyn. 1. pp. 80–82.
* ^ Mike Weil (1994). The Hidden Places of North and Mid Wales. M&M
Publishing. p. 84. ISBN 1871815568 .
* ^ "