Castle (Welsh: Castell Dolwyddelan) is a Welsh castle
Dolwyddelan in Conwy County Borough in North Wales. It is
thought to have been built in the early 13th century by Llywelyn the
Great, Prince of Gwynedd and North Wales. Though the castle was then
only one tower with two floors, a second tower was built in the late
13th century and a third floor was added to the first during the late
15th century repairs.
3 Media appearances
4 See also
6 External links
The castle was built, using mostly local grit and slate rubble, as one
of the Snowdonian strongholds of the princes of Gwynedd. Though
there are no records of the exact construction date, it is thought
that a single rectangular tower, with two floors, was built in the
early 13th century. The first floor would have consisted of a
main chamber with a fireplace, with a trapdoor for entrance to the
basement, and the main keep's doorway would have been covered by a
porch or forebuilding.
The second two-storey tower was added by Edward I during the repairs
in 1283–84 and linked by an irregular curtain wall with a courtyard
in the centre, with further work undertaken in 1290–92. This
second tower contained a fireplace on the top floor reached by
internal stairs. A third storey was added to the main keep in the
late 15th century, resulting in it then reaching a height of 40
feet (12 m). The castle was heavily restored between 1848 and
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby during which time the battlements
Dolwyddelan castle, c.1778, in Thomas Pennant's A Tour of Wales
The Welsh castle, built in the early 13th century, functioned as a
guard post along a main route through North Wales. It was reputed
to be the birthplace of Llywelyn the Great, though it is now thought
that he was born at Tomen Castell, a small tower that previously stood
on a nearby hill, and that he built
Dolwyddelan Castle. On
18 January 1283 it was captured by Edward I of England's forces during
the final stages of his conquest of Wales.:194–195 Some
historians have suggested that there may have been a deal between the
defenders of the castle and Edward I in which its surrender was
negotiated.:195 The castle was then modified and strengthened
until at least 1286 for occupation by an English garrison with
recorded repairs including carpentry, the bridge, and the water
Edwardian troops maintained a military presence here until 1290.
As the long-term strategy of control in Wales began to rely on
military and administrative centres accessible by sea, the inland
castles became obsolete.
In the 15th century, the upper storey and drainage system were added
to the keep by local lord Maredudd ap Ieuan who acquired the lease in
1488. It was restored and partly re-modelled in the 19th century
by Lord Willoughby de Eresby, who added the distinctive
battlements. It was reported that in around 1810 one of the towers
may have collapsed.
In 1930 the building was placed under the guardianship of the Ministry
of Works. The castle is now under the protection of Cadw,
which is part of the Welsh Assembly's historic environment
In 1980 the location was used for all the outdoor shots of Ulrich's
castle during the making of the film Dragonslayer.
Dolwyddelan Castle's keep. The stairs lead to an entrance on the first
Castle from Railway Station
Castles in Great Britain and Ireland
List of castles in Wales
^ a b c d Stephen Friar (2003). The Sutton Companion to Castles.
Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750927445.
^ Ernest Neaverson (1947). Mediaeval Castles in North Wales. The
University Press of Liverpool. pp. 31–33.
^ a b c
Castle (Sign inside castle).
Thomas Roscoe (1844). Wandering in North Wales.
^ Britain's Medieval Castles. Praeger Publishers. 2006. p. 102.
^ a b c John Kenyon (2010). The Medieval Castles of Wales. The
University of Wales Press. ISBN 9780708321805.
^ a b Arnold Taylor (1986). The Welsh Castles of Edward I. The
Hambledon Press. ISBN 0907628710.
^ a b Simon Jenkins (2011). Wales: Churches, Houses, Castles.
^ The Snowdonia Tourism Association. The Villages of Snowdon.
^ Jeffrey L. Thomas. "Tomen Castell". Retrieved 2 October 2013.
^ Geraint Roberts (2006). Welsh Castles. Y Lolfa.
^ a b
Michael Prestwich (1988). Edward I. University of California
Press. ISBN 0520062663.
Dolwyddelan Castle". CADW. 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
^ Prestwich, Michael (2005). Plantagenet England 1225–1360.
^ a b Lise Hull (2008). Great Castles of Britain and Ireland. New
Holland Publishers. p. 122. ISBN 9781847731302.
^ Michael Senior (1984). The Conwy Valley: Its Long History. Gwasg
Carreg Gwalch. p. 23. ISBN 0863810357.
^ Barnwell, E. L. (1883). "
Dolwyddelan Castle". Archaeologia
Cambrensis. 38: 51. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
^ The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Wales (1956). An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in
Caernarvonshire: I East: the Cantref of Arllechwedd and the Commote of
Creuddyn. 1. pp. 80–82.
^ Mike Weil (1994). The Hidden Places of North and Mid Wales. M&M
Publishing. p. 84. ISBN 1871815568.
North Wales Daily Post. 18 September 2007.
Retrieved 2 September 2013.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Castles of Wales, information and photographs of
www.geograph.co.uk : photos of
Edwardian castles in Wales
Built or rebuilt by Edward I
Welsh castles repaired by Edward I
Castell y Bere
Lordship castles built or rebuilt for Edward I
Castles and Town Walls of King