Dolores (Spanish for "sorrows" and named for the river on which it is located) is located at the mouth of the Dolores Valley and the upper reaches of McPhee Reservoir, approximately 40 miles from the Four Corners Monument. Established as a station on the Rio Grande Southern Railroad, it replaced the earlier town, Big Bend, now covered by McPhee Reservoir. McPhee Reservoir is named for a company town founded by New Mexico Lumber Company, that is now covered by the reservoir.
Dolores is located at (37.474540, -108.498294).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land.
The town is confined to a narrow valley bottom along the Dolores River near the point where the river turns from flowing southward out of the San Juan Mountains to the north. Built-up areas outside the town limits include extensive residential, commercial, and minor-industrial areas upstream in the valley floor, on Summit Ridge to the south-southwest, and on high ground to the west, at the intersections of Colorado Highways 145 and 184.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 936 people, 431 households, and 236 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,337.1 people per square mile (520.0/km²). There were 501 housing units at an average density of 715.7 per square mile (278.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.38% White, 2.14% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 3.42% from other races, and 3.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.90% of the population.
There were 431 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.7 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,417, and the median income for a family was $32,188. Males had a median income of $27,404 versus $19,286 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,912. About 16.6% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
The following are Dolores area historic sites of the Ancient Pueblo People: