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The Info List - Dolichoderinae



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DOLICHODERINAE is a subfamily of ants , which includes species such as the Argentine ant
Argentine ant
( Linepithema humile), the erratic ant , the odorous house ant , and the cone ant . The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, distributed in different biogeographic regions , from the Palearctic , Nearctic
Nearctic
, Afrotropical region and Malaysia
Malaysia
, to the Middle East
Middle East
, Australian
Australian
, and Neotropical regions.

This subfamily is distinguished by having a single petiole (no post-petiole) and a slit-like orifice, from which chemical compounds are released, rather than the round acidopore encircled by hairs that typifies the family to which it belongs, Formicidae
Formicidae
. Dolichoderine ants do not possess a sting, unlike ants in some other subfamilies, such as Ponerinae
Ponerinae
and Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
, instead relying on the chemical defensive compounds produced from the anal gland.

Of the compounds produced by dolichoderine ants, several terpenoids were identified including the previously unknown iridomyrmecin , isoiridomyrmecin, and iridodial. Such compounds are responsible for the smell given off by ants of this subfamily when crushed or disturbed.

CONTENTS

* 1 Tribes and genera * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

TRIBES AND GENERA

* Bothriomyrmecini Dubovikov, 2005

* Arnoldius Dubovikov, 2005 * Bothriomyrmex Emery , 1869 * Chronoxenus Santschi , 1919 * Loweriella Shattuck, 1992 * Ravavy Fisher, 2009

* Dolichoderini Forel , 1878

* Dolichoderus Lund, 1831

* Leptomyrmecini Emery , 1913

* Anillidris Santschi , 1936 * Anonychomyrma Donisthorpe , 1947 * Azteca Forel , 1878 * † Chronomyrmex McKellar, Glasier & Engel, 2013 * Doleromyrma Forel , 1907 * Dorymyrmex Mayr , 1866 * Forelius Emery , 1888 * Froggattella Forel , 1902 * Gracilidris Wild & Cuezzo, 2006 * Iridomyrmex Mayr , 1862 * Leptomyrmex Mayr , 1862 * Linepithema Mayr , 1866 * Nebothriomyrmex Dubovikov, 2004 * Ochetellus Shattuck, 1992 * Papyrius Shattuck, 1992 * Philidris Shattuck, 1992 * Turneria Forel , 1895 * † Usomyrma Dlussky, Radchenko & Dubovikoff, 2014

* Tapinomini Emery , 1913

* Aptinoma Fisher, 2009 * Axinidris Weber, 1941 * † Ctenobethylus Brues , 1939 * Ecphorella Forel , 1909 * Liometopum Mayr , 1861 * Tapinoma Förster , 1850 * Technomyrmex Mayr , 1872

* incertae sedis

* † Alloiomma Zhang, 1989 * † Asymphylomyrmex
Asymphylomyrmex
Wheeler, 1915 * † Elaeomyrmex Carpenter , 1930 * † Elaphrodites Zhang, 1989 * † Eldermyrmex Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 * † Emplastus Donisthorpe , 1920 * † Eotapinoma Dlussky, 1988 * † Eurymyrmex Zhang, Sun & Zhang, 1994 * † Kotshkorkia Dlussky, 1981 * †Ktunaxia Lapolla & Greenwalt, 2015 * † Leptomyrmula Emery , 1913 * † Miomyrmex Carpenter , 1930 * † Petraeomyrmex Carpenter , 1930 * † Proiridomyrmex Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 * † Protazteca Carpenter , 1930 * † Yantaromyrmex Dlussky ">

* ^ Bolton, B. (2015). "Dolichoderinae". AntCat. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107. doi :10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397 . * ^ Fisher, Brian L. and Stefan P. Cover (2007) Ants of North America: a guide to the genera * ^ Wilson, E. O.; Pavan, M. (1959). "Glandular Sources and Specificity of Some Chemical Releasers of Social Behavior in Dolichoderine Ants". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 66 (4): 70. doi :10.1155/1959/45675 .

* This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107. doi :10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397 . Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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