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The Info List - Dolichoderinae



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DOLICHODERINAE is a subfamily of ants , which includes species such as the Argentine ant (_ Linepithema humile_), the erratic ant , the odorous house ant , and the cone ant . The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, distributed in different biogeographic regions , from the Palearctic , Nearctic
Nearctic
, Afrotropical region and Malaysia
Malaysia
, to the Middle East
Middle East
, Australian
Australian
, and Neotropical regions.

This subfamily is distinguished by having a single petiole (no post-petiole) and a slit-like orifice, from which chemical compounds are released, rather than the round acidopore encircled by hairs that typifies the family to which it belongs, Formicidae
Formicidae
. Dolichoderine ants do not possess a sting, unlike ants in some other subfamilies, such as Ponerinae and Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
, instead relying on the chemical defensive compounds produced from the anal gland.

Of the compounds produced by dolichoderine ants, several terpenoids were identified including the previously unknown iridomyrmecin , isoiridomyrmecin, and iridodial. Such compounds are responsible for the smell given off by ants of this subfamily when crushed or disturbed.

TRIBES AND GENERA

* Bothriomyrmecini Dubovikov, 2005

* _ Arnoldius _ Dubovikov, 2005 * _ Bothriomyrmex _ Emery , 1869 * _ Chronoxenus _ Santschi , 1919 * _ Loweriella _ Shattuck, 1992 * _ Ravavy _ Fisher, 2009

* Dolichoderini Forel , 1878

* _ Dolichoderus _ Lund, 1831

* Leptomyrmecini Emery , 1913

* _ Anillidris _ Santschi , 1936 * _ Anonychomyrma _ Donisthorpe , 1947 * _Azteca _ Forel , 1878 * †_ Chronomyrmex _ McKellar, Glasier & Engel, 2013 * _ Doleromyrma _ Forel , 1907 * _ Dorymyrmex _ Mayr , 1866 * _ Forelius _ Emery , 1888 * _ Froggattella _ Forel , 1902 * _ Gracilidris _ Wild & Cuezzo, 2006 * _ Iridomyrmex _ Mayr , 1862 * _ Leptomyrmex _ Mayr , 1862 * _ Linepithema _ Mayr , 1866 * _ Nebothriomyrmex _ Dubovikov, 2004 * _ Ochetellus _ Shattuck, 1992 * _Papyrius _ Shattuck, 1992 * _ Philidris _ Shattuck, 1992 * _ Turneria _ Forel , 1895 * †_ Usomyrma _ Dlussky, Radchenko & Dubovikoff, 2014

* Tapinomini Emery , 1913

* _ Aptinoma _ Fisher, 2009 * _ Axinidris _ Weber, 1941 * †_ Ctenobethylus _ Brues , 1939 * _ Ecphorella _ Forel , 1909 * _ Liometopum _ Mayr , 1861 * _ Tapinoma _ Förster , 1850 * _ Technomyrmex _ Mayr , 1872

* _incertae sedis _

* †_ Alloiomma _ Zhang, 1989 * †_ Asymphylomyrmex _ Wheeler, 1915 * †_ Elaeomyrmex _ Carpenter , 1930 * †_ Elaphrodites _ Zhang, 19