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Dolichoderinae
Dolichoderinae
is a subfamily of ants, which includes species such as the Argentine ant
Argentine ant
( Linepithema
Linepithema
humile), the erratic ant, the odorous house ant, and the cone ant. The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, distributed in different biogeographic regions, from the Palearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical region and Malaysia, to the Middle East, Australian, and Neotropical regions.[2] This subfamily is distinguished by having a single petiole (no post-petiole) and a slit-like orifice, from which chemical compounds are released, rather than the round acidopore encircled by hairs that typifies the family to which it belongs, Formicidae. Dolichoderine ants do not possess a sting, unlike ants in some other subfamilies, such as Ponerinae
Ponerinae
and Myrmicinae, instead relying on the chemical defensive compounds produced from the anal gland.[3] Of the compounds produced by dolichoderine ants, several terpenoids were identified including the previously unknown iridomyrmecin, isoiridomyrmecin, and iridodial.[4] Such compounds are responsible for the smell given off by ants of this subfamily when crushed or disturbed.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Tribes and genera 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Tribes and genera[edit]

Bothriomyrmecini
Bothriomyrmecini
Dubovikov, 2005

Arnoldius
Arnoldius
Dubovikov, 2005 Bothriomyrmex
Bothriomyrmex
Emery, 1869 Chronoxenus
Chronoxenus
Santschi, 1919 Loweriella
Loweriella
Shattuck, 1992 Ravavy
Ravavy
Fisher, 2009

Dolichoderini
Dolichoderini
Forel, 1878

Dolichoderus
Dolichoderus
Lund, 1831

Leptomyrmecini
Leptomyrmecini
Emery, 1913

Anillidris
Anillidris
Santschi, 1936 Anonychomyrma
Anonychomyrma
Donisthorpe, 1947 Azteca Forel, 1878 † Chronomyrmex
Chronomyrmex
McKellar, Glasier & Engel, 2013 Doleromyrma
Doleromyrma
Forel, 1907 Dorymyrmex
Dorymyrmex
Mayr, 1866 Forelius
Forelius
Emery, 1888 Froggattella
Froggattella
Forel, 1902 Gracilidris
Gracilidris
Wild & Cuezzo, 2006 Iridomyrmex
Iridomyrmex
Mayr, 1862 Leptomyrmex
Leptomyrmex
Mayr, 1862 Linepithema
Linepithema
Mayr, 1866 Nebothriomyrmex
Nebothriomyrmex
Dubovikov, 2004 Ochetellus
Ochetellus
Shattuck, 1992 Papyrius Shattuck, 1992 Philidris
Philidris
Shattuck, 1992 Turneria
Turneria
Forel, 1895 † Usomyrma
Usomyrma
Dlussky, Radchenko & Dubovikoff, 2014

Tapinomini
Tapinomini
Emery, 1913

Aptinoma
Aptinoma
Fisher, 2009 Axinidris
Axinidris
Weber, 1941 † Ctenobethylus
Ctenobethylus
Brues, 1939 Ecphorella
Ecphorella
Forel, 1909 Liometopum
Liometopum
Mayr, 1861 Tapinoma
Tapinoma
Förster, 1850 Technomyrmex
Technomyrmex
Mayr, 1872

incertae sedis

Alloiomma Zhang, 1989 † Asymphylomyrmex
Asymphylomyrmex
Wheeler, 1915 † Elaeomyrmex
Elaeomyrmex
Carpenter, 1930 † Elaphrodites Zhang, 1989 † Eldermyrmex Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 † Emplastus
Emplastus
Donisthorpe, 1920 † Eotapinoma Dlussky, 1988 † Eurymyrmex Zhang, Sun & Zhang, 1994 † Kotshkorkia Dlussky, 1981 †Ktunaxia Lapolla & Greenwalt, 2015 † Leptomyrmula
Leptomyrmula
Emery, 1913 † Miomyrmex
Miomyrmex
Carpenter, 1930 † Petraeomyrmex
Petraeomyrmex
Carpenter, 1930 † Proiridomyrmex
Proiridomyrmex
Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 † Protazteca
Protazteca
Carpenter, 1930 † Yantaromyrmex
Yantaromyrmex
Dlussky & Dubovikoff, 2013 † Zherichinius
Zherichinius
Dlussky, 1988

Usomyrma
Usomyrma
mirabilis

See also[edit]

List of ants of Andorra

References[edit]

^ Bolton, B. (2015). "Dolichoderinae". AntCat. Retrieved 4 January 2015.  ^ Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397.  ^ Fisher, Brian L. and Stefan P. Cover (2007) Ants of North America: a guide to the genera ^ Wilson, E. O.; Pavan, M. (1959). "Glandular Sources and Specificity of Some Chemical Releasers of Social Behavior in Dolichoderine Ants". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 66 (4): 70. doi:10.1155/1959/45675. 

This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics. 6 (2): 107. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397.  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]

Media related to Dolichoderinae
Dolichoderinae
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Ant
Ant
taxonomy

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Family Formicidae

Subfamilies

Extant

Agroecomyrmecinae Amblyoponinae Aneuretinae Apomyrminae Dolichoderinae Dorylinae Ectatomminae Formicinae Heteroponerinae Leptanillinae Martialinae Myrmeciinae Myrmicinae Paraponerinae Ponerinae Proceratiinae Pseudomyrmecinae

Fossil

†Armaniinae †Brownimeciinae †Formiciinae †Sphecomyrminae

Genera

List of ant genera

incertae sedis

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q385326 ADW: Dolichoderinae BugGuide: 31341 EoL: 2723906 Fauna Europaea: 81147 Fossilworks: 70729 iNaturalist: 244394 ITIS:

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