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Dobrich
Dobrich
(Bulgarian: Добрич) is the eighth most populated city in Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Dobrich Province
Dobrich Province
and the capital of the region of Southern Dobrudzha. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, 30 km west of the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, not far from resorts such as Albena, Balchik, and Golden Sands. In January 2012, Dobrich
Dobrich
was inhabited by 90,375 people within the city limits. The city is named after the Bulgarian medieval lord of the surrounding region - Dobrotitsa. Agriculture is the most developed branch of the economy. Dobrich Knoll
Dobrich Knoll
on Livingston Island
Livingston Island
in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after Dobrich. A point of interest is the Dobrich TV Tower.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Titular see of Abrittum 4 Geography

4.1 Climate 4.2 Ecology

4.2.1 Air 4.2.2 Water resources 4.2.3 Noise 4.2.4 Green areas 4.2.5 Waste

5 Economy

5.1 Agriculture 5.2 Gasification

6 Population

6.1 Ethnic and religious composition

6.1.1 Church "St. George" 6.1.2 “Holy Trinity” Church 6.1.3 Armenian Church “Saint Hovhaness”

6.2 Towns and villages

7 Culture 8 Places of interest

8.1 The City Park St. George 8.2 Nature and Animal Protection Centre 8.3 Dobrich
Dobrich
TV Tower

9 Social institutions

9.1 Education

10 Sport 11 Notable people from Dobrich 12 Twin cities 13 Gallery 14 References 15 External links

Etymology[edit]

The city is named after the 14th-century Dobrujan ruler Dobrotitsa,[2] from the Slavic root dobr, "good"[3] History[edit] The first evidence of settlement in what is now Dobrich
Dobrich
dates from the 4th or 3rd century BC. Under the Latin name Abrittum, it was a city of the Roman province
Roman province
of Moesia Inferior, important enough to become a suffragan bishopric of the Metropolitan of the capital, Marcianopolis, but the Catholic diocese faded later. Ruins from 2nd to 4th centuries AD and the 7th to 11th centuries have also been found, including a Bulgar necropolis featuring pagan graves in the centre of the city. During the 11th century, Pecheneg
Pecheneg
invasions devastated the interior of Dobruja, leaving many settlements in the region uninhabited at the time of the Second Bulgarian Empire.

Museum of Yordan Yovkov

The settlement was founded for a second time in the 16th century by the Turkish merchant Hacıoğlu Pazarcık, whose name it bore until 1882. According to Ottoman data from 1646–1650, there were over 1,000 houses in the city, about 100 shops, three inns, three Turkish baths, twelve mosques and twelve schools. From the 17th to the 19th century, the city developed as a handicraft, trade and agricultural centre, being famous for its weaving, homespun tailoring, coppersmith's trade, leather-work and agricultural products, such as wheat, linseed, wool and cheese. At the beginning of the 19th century, the city's population reached 12,000, many of whom refugees from eastern Bulgaria
Bulgaria
after the Russo-Turkish Wars. The cultural appearance of the city was also formed. The first Orthodox church
Orthodox church
was built in 1843. The city was liberated from the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
on 27 January 1878 and renamed Dobrich
Dobrich
on 19 February 1882. After the Treaty of Bucharest of 1913 (confirmed by the Treaty of Neuilly of 1919), Dobrich
Dobrich
and the whole of Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
were incorporated in Romania
Romania
for a period until 1940. During that time, the city bore the name Bazargic, which is a transformation of the earlier Turkish name Hacıoğlu Pazarcık, and was centre of Caliacra County (județ in Romanian). On 25 September 1940, the Bulgarian army marched into the city after signing Treaty of Craiova
Treaty of Craiova
on September 7, 1940; date celebrated as the city's holiday, later changed to September 25. In 1949, during the period of Communist rule, Dobrich
Dobrich
was renamed Tolbukhin (Толбухин) after Marshal of the Soviet Union
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Fyodor Tolbukhin. On 19 September 1990, a presidential decree restored the city's old name of Dobrich. Despite the renewing of the name Dobrich architecturally maintains an ex-communist outlook even in the 21st century. The vehicle registration plate code for the region has also remained unchanged. It is the abbreviation TX (from ТолбуХин; Тolbukhin). Titular see of Abrittum[edit] The diocese was nominally restored as a Latin titular bishopric, initially under the name 'Abrytus (Abryus in 19922-24), changed to Abrittum in 1925. It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

Jean de Vienne de Hautefeuille (文貴斌), C.M. (1915.08.10 – 1946.04.11) Maksimilijan Držecnik (1946.09.15 – 1960.06.15) Cletus Francis O’Donnell (1960.10.26 – 1967.02.18) Fylymon Kurchaba, C.SS.R. (1991.01.16 – 1995.10.26) Ján Eugen Kočiš (2004.04.24 – ...), Auxiliary Exarch
Auxiliary Exarch
emeritus of Ruthenian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Czech Republic

Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dobrich

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 5.4 (41.7) 7.1 (44.8) 12.9 (55.2) 18.3 (64.9) 23.2 (73.8) 26.7 (80.1) 29.8 (85.6) 29.9 (85.8) 25.1 (77.2) 19.0 (66.2) 12.5 (54.5) 6.3 (43.3) 18.0 (64.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 2.7 (36.9) 7.4 (45.3) 12.7 (54.9) 18.2 (64.8) 21.7 (71.1) 24.2 (75.6) 24.2 (75.6) 20.0 (68) 14.0 (57.2) 8.5 (47.3) 3.2 (37.8) 13.2 (55.8)

Average low °C (°F) −1.9 (28.6) −0.6 (30.9) 2.0 (35.6) 7.1 (44.8) 12.3 (54.1) 15.8 (60.4) 17.7 (63.9) 17.5 (63.5) 13.9 (57) 9.0 (48.2) 4.5 (40.1) 1.2 (34.2) 8.2 (46.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 40 (1.57) 35 (1.38) 35 (1.38) 46 (1.81) 51 (2.01) 56 (2.2) 47 (1.85) 39 (1.54) 42 (1.65) 39 (1.54) 55 (2.17) 52 (2.05) 537 (21.14)

Source: Climate-data[4]

Ecology[edit]

Air[edit] In the municipality of Dobrich, the quality of atmospheric air is monitored by the mobile station for emission control of the Regional Inspectorate for the Environment and Water Resources (RIEWR) - Varna. The station is equipped with automatic monitoring devices measuring the quantities of carbon oxide, ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulfuric dioxide, and fine dust particles. The municipality is implementing a program for decreasing the quantities of dust particles, which was adopted by the municipal council in 2003. Water resources[edit] Surface water resources are insufficient in the region. The town is supplied with water from drill wells and water catchment areas located near the town. Eight pumping stations provide bacteria-free drinking water which does not even need further treatment. The water sources are in constant operation. A security area surrounds each source, and the water distribution is controlled by computers. The municipality boasts a complete water supply network. Noise[edit] In the municipality of Dobrich, there are three sources of noise - the industries, the households, and the construction works. Street noise is measured at over 20 sites. The high levels of noise in the industrial areas affect only the people working there. The levels of noise in the residential areas situated away from the town centre are quite acceptable, and the lowest levels can be found in the town parks. Green areas[edit]

City Park "St. George"

The municipal Green System Plan examines the status of the existing urban and suburban green areas, as well as the variety of the plant species. The Green System includes the following categories of green areas: public parks and gardens, special parks and gardens, sanitary/protective greening, transportation greening (streets and roads), and limited-usage greening. Waste[edit] The types of waste in the municipality can be defined as household, construction, industrial, and hazardous waste. Waste accumulation is around the average for the country. However, it is twice as much as that in the developed countries. The industrial waste is varied. Due to the economic crisis after 1989, industrial activity in the region subsided.In March 2000, the activities related to waste collection and transportation were taken over by Scheele Bulgaria, a wholly owned subsidiary of Scheele.All waste is dumped in the waste depot near the village of Bogdan, located about 5 km away from the town of Dobrich. Economy[edit] The general condition of Dobrich
Dobrich
District cannot be described as good. GDP per capita is only 69% of the national average of BGN 9,359. Unemployment remains relatively high despite the marked revitalisation of the labour market in 2012. Household incomes are rising, but the companies show no optimism for the future. The district has one of the most developed agricultural sectors in the country, generating nearly a quarter of all company revenues in the district. Mostly grain is grown, which also brings some negatives. Grain production does not create many jobs, and to some extent is the cause of nitrate pollution. The population in the district has been decreasing at a faster rate than the national average, but still maintains a relatively positive age structure. Education and health are inadequate. The rate of enrolment in schools has declined, while the number of dropouts is still high. In terms of medical services, there is a pressing need for specialists. Nearly 40% of those in need of treatment in the past 12 months have sought such treatment outside the district. The district has potential for development, but there is a need for bolder reforms in the business environment. Agriculture[edit] Agriculture is the most developed branch of the economy. The main reason for this is the environment – climate, soils and clean lands. 81% of all the land in Dobrich
Dobrich
is agricultural, almost 4,000,000 decares. More than 70% of it is cultivated, which makes Dobrich
Dobrich
№1 cultivated region in the country. Farming, plant-growing and stock-breeding are the most important part of the economy in Dobrich. Dobrudja territory, called the “granary of Bulgaria” is part of the district. Some of the end products made in Dobrich
Dobrich
are: bread and flour products, all kinds of sausages, milk and dairy products, poultry products, margarine and vegetable oils, wine, soft drinks. The biggest bird-farm is located in the district. Other factories of great importance are the milk factory (one of the biggest factories in Bulgaria), the bread factory (one of the biggest factories in Bulgaria). Additional important products from other industries are cement, electric appliances, clothes, confection, furniture, car batteries, containers and there are many other factories from the food and beverage industry. Gasification[edit] The municipal strategy provides that the household, utility and industrial sectors be supplied with gas under a project for gasification. The network of gas pipelines has been extended to 43,808 metres. Currently we are working on the gasification of the residential areas.All municipal establishments from the educational, administrative, healthcare and social service sectors have already been covered by the gas supply network.Communications Dobrich
Dobrich
has six offices for postal services. They cover the whole territory of the town thus meeting the needs of the community for such services. The municipality of Dobrich
Dobrich
is wired by two local landline telecommunication networks which operate four analogue and one digital exchanges. Population[edit] In January 2012, Dobrich
Dobrich
was inhabited by 90 375 people within the city limits, while along with the legally affiliated adjacent villages the population was 112 203 inhabitants.[1] The number of the residents of the city (not the municipality) reached its peak in the period 1986-1991 when exceeded 110,000.[5] The following table presents the change of the population after 1887.

Dobrich

Year 1887 1910 1934 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2009 2011 2013

Population 10,717 17,146 29,938[a] 30,522 42,661 55,191 86,663 109,170 104,485 100,000 93,802 92,672 91,030 ??

Highest number 116,066 in 1991

Sources: National Statistical Institute,[5][6] „citypopulation.de“,[7] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,[8] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences[9] ^ a. Population in 1930: 29,938[10]

Ethnic and religious composition[edit] According to the latest 2011 census data, the individuals declared their ethnic identity were distributed as follows:[11][12]

Bulgarians: 73,657 (87.5%) Turks: 6,795 (8.1%) Gypsies: 2,482 (2.9%) Others: 528 (0.6%) Indefinable: 708 (0.8%)

Undeclared: 6,860 (7.5%)

Total: 91,030 The percentage of Orthodox Christians, according to the 2001 census data, is 86%, whereas around 10% of the population are adherents of the Muslim
Muslim
faith. Church "St. George"[edit] The church is the oldest church from the Revival period in Dobrich. It is located in the center of the town, in the immediate vicinity of the Ethnographic house. The building is a cultural heritage site. It was built in 1864, on the spot of an older Christian church from 1843 that burned down during the Crimean War, together with the lower Bulgarian neighborhood. In an architectural sense, the new church is a three-nave basilica. It was built with the donations of the Bulgarian population in Dobrich and the Dobrich
Dobrich
district, in the courtyard of the great Bulgarian Revival figure Ivan Hadzhi Valkov. It is assumed that the church was made by unknown craftsmen who belonged or at least were familiar with the school of the famous Bulgarian master Kolyu Ficheto. The frescoes inside are made by Kozma Blazhenov, a representative of the Debar
Debar
Art School, who also made the engraved iconostasis. The icons were painted by painters famous at the time – Nedko Todorovic from Zheravna, Haralambi Todorov from Pirdop
Pirdop
and Nikolay Vasilev from Shumen. The church was consecrated in 1889 by Bishop Simeon. “Holy Trinity” Church[edit] The “Holy Trinity” church is located in the center of Dobrich. The older church building that was situated at this place was built in 1859, to the left of the entrance of today’s church. It was later joined by the first school in the town, where the mutual instruction approach was used. The present church was built in 1911. Architecturally speaking, it is a classic three-nave basilica, a dome and a bell tower. The icons of its iconostasis were painted by Gospodin Zhelyazkov, a student of Repin. Armenian Church “Saint Hovhaness”[edit] It was built in 1894, replacing an old temple from 1830. It was designed by Italian architects. It is a one-nave church with stone foundations and walls and a wooden roof. In the temple you can see original images of Armenian saints painted in the 19th century. Towns and villages[edit] The Municipality of Dobrich
Dobrich
has a special status - the territory of the municipality holds only the town of Dobrich
Dobrich
with a population of 91030 people. Transport system The road and communication network provides access to all parts of the region and to other regions in Bulgaria. Rail provides convenient and cheap travel to the capital city, the Black Sea coast, and to some European countries. Street network The street network has been expanded according to the detailed urban development plans and the particulars of the terrain. A ring road regulates the direct and the outgoing traffic to Varna, Albena, Balchik, General Toshevo, Silistra, Shumen
Shumen
and Russe. The street network of the town (total length 165 km, of which 60 km main streets) takes the incoming and the internal traffic. Culture[edit]

Name Description Photo

Ethnographic House The Ethnographic House was built in 1860 by a rich trader of wheat. It represents a typical for the renaissance age architectural monument. A century later the house was restored and turned into a museum representing the life and livelihood of the population of Dobrudzha of the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Visitors of the museum have the opportunity to meet and see the traditional clothing of the local people, the house (kitchen), the bedroom and the basement where exhibited are original dishes for preparing and preservation of conserved food and agricultural tools and items related to the household work. On the upper floor, in the guestroom recreated is the atmosphere of the home of a rich trader, emigrated from Kotel. In the rest of the rooms restored are the previous looks of the house, the closet as well as the cozy porch.

Architectural – Ethnographic Complex "The Old Dobrich" Established in the city center of the contemporary town, on the place of the Odun Charshiya, the ethnographic museum “The Old Dobrich” preserves and represents the traditional Dobrudzha crafts from the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. In the renovated old city charshiya craftsmen continue a tradition from many centuries. Using old hand technologies and with original instruments, in more than 30 workshops created are traditional items of pottery, blacksmith, embroidery, weaving, cooperage, homespun, goldsmith and others. In the center of the complex restored is the old clock tower built in the 18th century – a symbol of the Bulgarian renaissance spirit of the town.

House Memorial “Yordan Yovkov” In 1980 to the house-museum is built a house memorial where settled is the one of its kind in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
permanent museum exposition “Yordan Yovkov – life and creative path” and located is the richest fund of the writer.Of interest are the cabinet of Yovkov and the remarkable mural of Stoimen Stoilov “In the world of Yovkov’s characters”.The new exhibition “Dora Gabe” is a lyrical continuation of the exposition “Yordan Yovkov – life and creative path”, an unforgettable moment of eternity. During the years the house-museum with house memorial “Yordan Yovkov” confirmed itself as a center of the view of Yovkov, recognized not only among Bulgarians
Bulgarians
but among international scientific community as well.

The House of Yordan Yovkov and Yordan Yovkov Museum They commemorate the classic of Bulgarian literature, the great writer and humanist, the master of the short story genre - Yordan Yovkov. Some of his works have been translated in 40 languages and included in anthologies of world literature.The museum houses a remarkable piece of art - the ceramic collection The World of Yovkov's Personages by artist Stoimen Stoilov.On the 30th anniversary of the Union of Bulgarian Architects, the building of the museum was awarded the highest architectural design prize Archscar (architects A. Stoyanov, P. Ganchev, A. Koev, G. Mihaylov).

Museum of Military Cemetery In the town of Dobrich
Dobrich
located is the largest military cemetery in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
of the time of the World War I. The cemetery is a unique monument of culture related to the fights of the town in 1916. In it, buried are over 3000 soldiers of four religions and seven nationalities – Bulgarians, Russians, Romanians, Germans, Turkish, Serbians and Jews. In 1922 the people of Dobrudzha, with their own money build an ossuary chapel St. Archangel Michael, iconography by the Dobrich
Dobrich
painter Nikola Tahtunov.In the museum you may view the exposition “ Dobrich
Dobrich
Epic 1916”.

New and newest history The museum of new and newest history is located in the building of the old casino in the town of Dobrich. It collects evidence of the history of Dobrudzha of 1878 up to today. In its funds preserved are over 100 000 museum valuables. Interesting are the collection of the Old Dobrich, the Dobrudzha Question (1878 – 1940), the Dobrich
Dobrich
epic 1916, the City Park St. George, Weapon of New Time, Political Parties Today. The exposition of the museum represents the faith of Dobrudzha during the Romanian domination, the peaceful retrieving of the south part to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
in 1940 as well as many other valuable museum collections.

Art Gallery - Dobrich The Art Gallery of Dobrich
Dobrich
is in the city center. It is a unique statute of culture, one of the 100th national touristic sights of Bulgaria. It was built in the beginning of the 20th century for a judicial-administrative purposes, it takes a key place in the city life. Along the decades it has housed different institutions. In 1981 the building becomes a gallery. In it you may see a permanent exposition of masterpieces of Bulgarian art – paintings, sculptures and graphics of the beginning of the 20th century to the 1990s – paintings of the most famous Bulgarian painters as Zlatyu Boyadzhiev, Vladimir Dimitrov – Maystora, Dechko Uzunov, Bencho Obreshkov and many others, part of the national golden fund of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
as well as graphics of the most famous contemporary artists.

Places of interest[edit] The City Park St. George[edit] The City Park St. George or the city garden as known among people of Dobrich
Dobrich
is the most visited place in Dobrich
Dobrich
by its citizens and guests. In the far year of 1867 Bildieto (the City Municipal Council) selects a place in the neighborhood of Karabokluka for establishment of the first city garden. An enormous contribution for development of the city-park art has the family of Gradinarovi.Its area is 430 dca and is divided into several sectors – “The Old Garden”, Children’s sector – a zone for games and fun, park lakes zone, zone of rock terrace gardens, sports zone etc. In 1999 the old garden of the city park is announced to be a monument of culture and garden park art. The park is located immediately next to the central pedestrian zone in Dobrich.The park is one of the five oldest city parks in the country. It covers – the old garden, declared to be a cultural heritage site, a children's area, lakes, terraced rock gardens and a sports area. Even today the visitors can see some plant species imported from Europe at the beginning of the last century. The park hosts also one on the town museums, with a separate room for temporary and visiting exhibitions. Nature and Animal Protection Centre[edit] See also: Dobrich
Dobrich
Zoo The centre is the only one of its kind not only in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
but also in Eastern Europe. Founded under a Bulgarian-Swiss project, it boasts an area of 16 hectares, 50-year-old vegetation (trees and bushes), and a convenient access. The zoo houses over 40 animal species - deer, roe, raccoon, alpaca, llamas, mouflons, goats, Przhevalski's horses, brown bears, bison, pheasants, storks, pelicans exotic and water birds, turtles, etc. - which live in conditions very close to their natural habitats. A priority for the zoo is the reproduction and re-introduction of endangered animal species. Dobrich
Dobrich
TV Tower[edit] Dobrich TV Tower
Dobrich TV Tower
houses broadcasting equipment for radio, television and telecommunications. It is 146 metres tall and built of reinforced concrete. The tower, which was designed by Petar Andreev, was completed in 1979 and has an observation deck open for tourists. It is also remarkable by its design. Social institutions[edit] Education[edit] The activities of the Department of "Education and Culture" in secondary education are conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Education Act, the regulations implementing the Education Act and are consistent with the educational policy of Dobrich Municipality. Educational policy in general considers socio-economic characteristics of modern society as well as prospects for future development. In this sense today it is important to reconsider the capacity of Bulgarian schools to respond to the new challenges adequately. The existing school network in the city sufficiently meets the interests of young people as well as the needs of economy. At this stage the territorial model meets the need of accessibility. There is a secondary school in each sub region of the city, which is near the students' place of residence. This allows free and compulsory education for all. The manager's office, "Humanitarian Activities" - Section "Education and Culture" Dobrich, is the specialized authority for management of municipal kindergartens and schools. It is located at: Dobrich, st. "Nezvisimost" 7 Neicho Neychev - Head of "Education and Culture" At the beginning of 2013/2014, the education network in the city of Dobrich
Dobrich
includes 17 kindergartens, 7 elementary schools, 5 middle schools, 3 specialized schools, 7 vocational schools, a sport school, a subsidiary school, 2 private schools, student dormitories, a dormitory and Municipal Youth Center "Zahari Stoyanov". The number of pupils in primary schools is 2362 and the number of classes 107. In 5 secondary schools, a sports schools and 3 specialized high schools ar trained 6090 students in 265 classes. Profile subjects in the schools: Humanities, Sciences, Foreign Language and Technology. Profile subjects such as Music, Art and Sport are also available to choose. From the approved state plan for the admission of pupils on completion of seventh grade in local schools, including 16 classes were implemented 16. After completing basic education are formed 5 classes. In market conditions vocational education in municipality is held in 7 vocational schools located in different areas of the city. During the school year 2013/2014 1598 students are trained in 26 majors and professions in 73 classes. Each professional school has its own building and facilities for practical training. Private schools in the territory of Dobrich
Dobrich
are 2 with a total of 95 students in 16 classes.

Distance Learning Centre of Technical University - Varna

Programmes: Management, Industrial management, Business administration.

University of Shumen
Shumen
‘Ep. K. Preslavski'- College in Dobrich

Programmes: Pre-school pedagogics and foreign languages, Primary school pedagogics and foreign languages, Design and technology, Art, Information technology, Library operations, Farming (specialization in agricultural economics and rural tourism), Public administration, Public Relations, Tourism.

Dobrich
Dobrich
University of Management

Programmes: Marketing and management of the hospitality industry, Marketing and management, Agricultural economics, Hotel management, International business and management. There are about 30 high schools, 19 kindergartens and 3 mangers in Dobrich. Sport[edit]

FC Dobrudzha 1919 Volleyball Club Dobrudzha 07 Handball Club Dobrudzha Boxing Club Dobrotitsa

Notable people from Dobrich[edit]

Ahmed III, Ottoman Sultan during the Tulip period, who was born in Dobrich
Dobrich
at the year 1673. Dora Gabe, poet Dimitar Spisarevski, fighter pilot Adriana Budevska, actress Boncho Genchev, football player, 4th in the 1994 FIFA World Cup
1994 FIFA World Cup
with the Bulgarian national team Boris Nikolov, boxer, the first Bulgarian ever to win a medal at the Olympics Preslava, pop-folk singer Miro, singer Nikolay Kostov
Nikolay Kostov
(born 2 July 1963) is a Bulgarian football manager and former footballer who manages Bulgarian side Botev Plovdiv

Twin cities[edit]

Pinsk, Belarus Golmud, People's Republic of China Zalaegerszeg, Hungary Kavadarci, Republic of Macedonia Nowy Sącz, Poland Constanța, Romania Saratov, Russia Schaffhausen, Switzerland Kırklareli, Turkey Izmail, Ukraine Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico

Gallery[edit]

Khan Asparuh
Asparuh
(reign 668–695) monument, credited for establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire
First Bulgarian Empire
in 681

The clock tower in the "Old Dobrich"

A street in the "Old Dobrich"

The Church of St George in the centre of Dobrich, to the left is the statue of Vasil Levski
Vasil Levski
by Kolyo Bogdanov

Dobrich
Dobrich
park entrance

130 years city park Dobrich
Dobrich
1997

The park in Dobrich
Dobrich
(TV tower at the distance on the right)

The Synagogue in Dobrich

View of sunrise in Dobrich
Dobrich
from apartment building.

Dobrich, Bulgaria, view from Hristo Botev area toward city center.

View from city cemetery in Dobrich, looking toward Dobrich
Dobrich
TV tower.

References[edit]

^ a b (in Bulgarian)National Statistical Institute - 2012 Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Петрински, Иван (2008). "Българският език: възродителен процес за имената на месеците". Истинската история на България (in Bulgarian). София: Ciela. p. 163. ISBN 978-954-28-0286-0.  ^ Vasmer query ^ [1] ^ a b (in Bulgarian)National Statistical Institute - Towns population 1956-1992[permanent dead link] ^ (in English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009 Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ (in English) „WorldCityPopulation“ ^ „pop-stat.mashke.org“ ^ (in Bulgarian) Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Caliacra County, as per 1930 Romanian census (in Romanian) ^ (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute Archived September 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute Archived 2013-04-05 at WebCite (in Bulgarian)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dobrich.

The modern website of Dobrich
Dobrich
(in Bulgarian) Info Dobrich
Dobrich
(in Bulgarian) City of Dobrich The official site of Municipality Dobrich
Dobrich
(in Bulgarian) A guide to Dobrich
Dobrich
(in Bulgarian) Dobrich
Dobrich
Information and Photos

Coordinates: 43°34′N 27°50′E / 43.567°N 27.833°E / 43.567; 27.833

Ethnographic complex Old Dobrich
Dobrich
(in Bulgarian)

v t e

Cities and towns of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(2011 census)

1,000,000+

Sofia
Sofia
(capital)

300,000+

Plovdiv Varna

200,000+

Burgas

100,000+

Pleven Ruse Stara Zagora

50,000+

Asenovgrad Blagoevgrad Dobrich Gabrovo Haskovo Pazardzhik Pernik Shumen Sliven Veliko Tarnovo Vratsa Yambol

20,000+

Aytos Botevgrad Dimitrovgrad Dupnitsa Gorna Oryahovitsa Kardzhali Karlovo Kazanlak Kyustendil Lom Lovech Montana Nova Zagora Petrich Razgrad Samokov Sandanski Sevlievo Silistra Smolyan Svishtov Targovishte Troyan Velingrad Vidin

10,000+

Balchik Bankya Berkovitsa Byala Slatina Cherven Bryag Chirpan Elhovo Etropole Gotse Delchev Harmanli Ihtiman Karnobat Kavarna Knezha Kostinbrod Kozloduy Mezdra Nesebar Novi Iskar Novi Pazar Panagyurishte Parvomay Pavlikeni Peshtera Pomorie Popovo Provadia Radnevo Radomir Rakovski Razlog Stamboliyski Svilengrad

5,000+

Aksakovo Bansko Belene Belogradchik Beloslav Bobov Dol Bozhurishte Byala, Ruse Province Chepelare Devin Devnya Dolni Chiflik Dryanovo Dulovo Elena Elin Pelin Galabovo General Toshevo Hisarya Isperih Kostenets Kotel Krichim Krumovgrad Kubrat Kuklen Levski Lukovit Lyaskovets Lyubimets Madan Momchilgrad Omurtag Oryahovo Perushtitsa Pirdop Rakitovo Saedinenie Septemvri Simeonovgrad Simitli Slivnitsa Sopot, Plovdiv
Plovdiv
Province Sredets Straldzha Svoge Tervel Teteven Topolovgrad Tryavna Tsarevo Tutrakan Tvarditsa Varshets Veliki Preslav Yakoruda Zlatitsa Zlatograd

2,000+

Aheloy Apriltsi Ardino Batak Batanovtsi Belitsa Belovo Borovo Bratsigovo Bregovo Breznik Byala Chernomorets Dalgopol Debelets Dobrinishte Dolna Banya Dolna Mitropoliya Dolna Oryahovitsa Dolni Dabnik Dospat Dragoman Dunavtsi Dve Mogili Dzhebel Glodzhevo Godech Gulyantsi Gurkovo Hadzhidimovo Ignatievo* Iskar Ivaylovgrad Kableshkovo Kalofer Kameno Kaspichan Kilifarevo Klisura Kocherinovo Koprivshtitsa Kostandovo Koynare Kresna Kran Krivodol Kula Laki Letnitsa Loznitsa Maglizh Malko Tarnovo Marten Мizia Nedelino Nikolaevo Nikopol Obzor Opaka Pavel Banya Polski Trambesh Pordim Pravets Primorsko Rila Roman Rudozem Sadovo Sapareva Banya Sarnitsa Shabla Shivachevo Slavyanovo Slivo Pole Smyadovo Sozopol Strazhitsa Strelcha Sungurlare Suvorovo Sveti Vlas Tran Trastenik Tsar Kaloyan Ugarchin Valchedram Valchi Dol Varbitsa Vetovo Vetren Yablanitsa Zavet Zlataritsa

1,000+

Ahtopol Alfatar Antonovo Balgarovo Boboshevo Bolyarovo Boychinovtsi Brusartsi Byala Cherkva Chiprovtsi Dimovo Glavinitsa Gramada Kaolinovo Kermen Merichleri Momin Prohod Plachkovtsi Senovo Shipka Suhindol Zemen

500+

Kiten Madzharovo Pliska

499-

Melnik

Notes

city status after the census of 01.02.2011: Ignatievo, Kran

v t e

Municipalities of Dobrich
Dobrich
Province

Balchik Dobrich Dobrichka General Toshevo Kavarna Krushari Shabla Tervel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155949221 GND: 4227922-7 BNF:

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