1.1 Within science
2 Exploration 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
New discoveries are acquired through various senses and are usually
assimilated, merging with pre-existing knowledge and actions.
Questioning is a major form of human thought and interpersonal
communication, and plays a key role in discovery. Discoveries are
often made due to questions. Some discoveries lead to the invention of
objects, processes, or techniques. A discovery may sometimes be based
on earlier discoveries, collaborations or ideas, and the process of
discovery requires at least the awareness that an existing concept or
method can be modified or transformed. However, some discoveries also
represent a radical breakthrough in knowledge.
Within scientific disciplines, discovery is the observation of new
phenomena, actions, or events which helps explain knowledge gathered
through previously acquired scientific evidence. In science,
exploration is one of three purposes of research, the other two being
description and explanation. Discovery is made by providing
observational evidence and attempts to develop an initial, rough
understanding of some phenomenon.
Discovery within the field of particle physics has an accepted
definition for what constitutes a discovery: a five-sigma level of
certainty. Such a level defines statistically how unlikely it is
that an experimental result is due to chance. The combination of a
five-sigma level of certainty, and independent confirmation by other
experiments, turns findings into accepted discoveries.
Discovery can also be used to describe the first incursions of peoples
from one culture into the geographical and cultural environment of
Western culture has used the term "discovery" in their histories to subtly emphasize the importance of "exploration" in the history of the world, such as in the "Age of Exploration". See also
Bold hypothesis Creativity techniques Invention List of multiple discoveries Multiple discovery USSR' state registry of discoveries (ru) Revelation Role of chance in scientific discoveries Scientific priority Serendipity Timeline of scientific discoveries List of German inventors and discoverers Category:Lists of inventions or discoveries Category:Discoverers
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
B Barber (1 September 1961). "Resistance by scientists to scientific
discovery". Science. 134 (3479): 596–602.
doi:10.1126/science.134.3479.596. PMID 13686762.
Merton, Robert K. (December 1957). "Priorities in scientific
discovery: a chapter in the sociology of science". American
Sociological Review. 22 (6): 635–659. doi:10.2307/2089193.
ISSN 0003-1224. JSTOR 2089193.
Carnegie Mellon University Artificial Intelligence and Psychology
Project; Yulin Qin, Herbert A Simon (1990). "Laboratory replication of
scientific discovery processes". Cognitive Science. 14 (2): 281–312.
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(90)90005-H. OCLC 832091458. CS1 maint:
Multiple names: authors list (link) (preprint)
A Silberschatz; A Tuzhilin (December 1996). "What makes patterns
interesting in knowledge discovery systems".
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge
Knowledge and Data Engineering. 8 (6): 970–974. doi:10.1109/69.553165. Tomasz Imielinski, Heikki Mannila (November 1996). "A database perspective on knowledge discovery". Communications of the ACM. 39 (11): 58–64. doi:10.1145/240455.240472.
^ a b Rincon, Paul (12 December 2011). "Higgs boson: Excitement builds over 'glimpses' at LHC". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
A Science Odyssey: People and discoveries from PBS. TED-Education video - How simple ideas lead to scientific discoveries. A Guide to Inventions and Discoveries: From Adrenaline to the Zipper from Infoplease.