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Sir
Sir
Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(born Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde; 28 March 1921 – 8 May 1999) was an English actor and writer. Initially a matinée idol in films such as Doctor in the House (1954) for the Rank Organisation, he later acted in art-house films. In a second career, he wrote seven best-selling volumes of memoirs, six novels and a volume of collected journalism, mainly from articles in The Daily Telegraph. Bogarde came to prominence in films including The Blue Lamp
The Blue Lamp
in the early 1950s, before starring in the successful Doctor film series (1954–63). He twice won the BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role; for The Servant (1963) and Darling (1965). His other notable film roles included Victim (1961), Accident (1967), The Damned (1969), Death in Venice (1971), The Night Porter
The Night Porter
(1974), A Bridge Too Far (1977) and Despair (1978). He was appointed a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters in 1990 and a Knight Bachelor
Knight Bachelor
in 1992.

Contents

1 Early years and education 2 War service 3 Career

3.1 Stardom 3.2 Later roles 3.3 Missed roles

4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Honours and awards 7 Filmography

7.1 British box office ranking

8 Other works

8.1 Autobiographies and memoirs 8.2 Novels 8.3 Discography

9 References

9.1 Archival resources

10 External links

Early years and education[edit] Bogarde was the elder of two sons born to Ulric van den Bogaerde (1892–1972) and Margaret Niven (1898–1980). Ulric was born in Perry Barr, Birmingham, of Flemish ancestry. He was Art Editor of The Times. Margaret Niven was Scottish, from Glasgow
Glasgow
and was a former actress. Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
was born in a nursing home at 12 Hemstal Road,[1] West Hampstead, London. He was baptised on 30 October 1921 at St. Mary's Church, Kilburn.[1] His brother, Gareth Ulric Van Den Bogaerde, an advertising film producer, was born in July 1933, in Hendon.[2] He also had a younger sister, Elizabeth. Conditions in the family home in North London
London
became cramped and Bogarde was moved to Glasgow
Glasgow
to stay with relatives of his mother. He stayed there for over three years, returning at the end of 1937.[2] He attended University College School, and the former Allan Glen's High School of Science in Glasgow, a time he described in his autobiography as an unhappy one. From 1937 to 1938 he studied at the Chelsea School of Art. He began his acting career on stage in 1939, shortly before the start of the Second World War, with his first on-screen appearance being as an uncredited extra in the George Formby comedy, Come On George! (1939).[3] War service[edit] During the war, Derek "Pip" Bogaerde served in the British Army, initially with the Royal Corps of Signals
Royal Corps of Signals
before in 1943 being commissioned at the age of 22 into the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) as a second lieutenant. He served in both the European and Pacific theatres, principally as an intelligence officer. Taylor Downing's book Spies in the Sky tells of his work with a specialist Army unit that accompanied air force units for the interpreting of aerial photo-reconnaissance information, after D-Day moving to Normandy
Normandy
with RCAF units which by July 1944 were located at the "B.8" airfield at Sommervieu, near Bayeux. As an "Air Photographic Interpreter" with the rank of captain, and subsequently major, he was later with the headquarters of the Second Army where he selected ground targets in France, Holland, and Germany, for the Second Tactical Air Force (2TAF) and RAF Bomber Command
RAF Bomber Command
to attack.[4] In a 1986 Yorkshire Television interview with Russell Harty, Bogarde said:

"I went to see quite a lot of them" [the targets that he had selected to be bombed], "I mean I went back to the villages, and saw what I had done. I used to go painting, as you know, when I had any time off, and I went to one village in Normandy, and painted it, because I had picked it particularly and it was a waste of time, because everybody" [the Germans] "had got through," [villages on key roads were heavily bombed to block the roads and hinder the Wehrmacht's movement of armour and other vehicles that were hurriedly attempting to reach the invasion lodgement areas before the Allies gained too firm a foothold][5] " and I found what I had thought in the rubble were a whole row of footballs, and they weren't footballs - I was sitting right beside them, painting - and they weren't footballs, they were children's heads, and what it was, I discovered later, was a whole school of kids, a convent, had been pulled out of school, out of class, and lined up in this little narrow alleyway between the buildings to save them from the bombing, and the whole thing had come in on top of them, plus the nuns, but by that time [when he was there] they were lice-ridden, and there was nothing. I can talk about it now at 65 because it's sort of, dispassionate about it, and I've seen worse things since, but that gave me a bit of a turn, yes, I didn't enjoy that. A row of kid's heads that you thought were footballs and you kick one and it wasn't, and it rolled away down the rubble."[4]

Bogarde was one of the first Allied officers in April 1945 to reach the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
in Germany, an experience that had the most profound effect on him and about which he found it difficult to speak for many years afterward.[6]

Women survivors in Bergen-Belsen collecting their bread ration after their liberation, April 1945

"I think it was on the 13th of April - I'm not quite sure what the date was" [it was the 15th] "- in '44" [sic, the camp was liberated on the 15th April 1945, and it was the 20th April 1945 when Bogarde made his visit] "when we opened up Belsen Camp, which was the first concentration camp any of us had seen, we didn't even know what they were, we'd heard vague rumours that they were. I mean nothing could be worse than that. The gates were opened and then I realised that I was looking at Dante's Inferno, I mean ... I ... I still haven't seen anything as dreadful. And never will. And a girl came up who spoke English, because she recognised one of the badges, and she ... her breasts were like, sort of, empty purses, she had no top on, and a pair of man's pyjamas, you know, the prison pyjamas, and no hair. But I knew she was girl because of her breasts, which were empty. She was I suppose, oh I don't know, twenty four, twenty five, and we talked, and she was, you know, so excited and thrilled, and all around us there were mountains of dead people, I mean mountains of them, and they were slushy, and they were slimy, so when you walked through them ... or walked - you tried not to, but it was like .... well you just walked through them, and she ... there was a very nice British MP, and he said 'Don't have any more, come away, come away sir, if you don't mind, because they've all got typhoid and you'll get it, you shouldn't be here swanning-around' and she saw in the back of the jeep, the unexpired portion of the daily ration, wrapped in a piece of the Daily Mirror, and she said could she have it, and he" [the MP] "said 'Don't give her food, because they eat it immediately and they die, within ten minutes', but she didn't want the food, she wanted the piece of Daily Mirror
Daily Mirror
- she hadn't seen newsprint for about eight years or five years, whatever it was she had been in the camp for. ... she was Estonian. ... that's all she wanted. She gave me a big kiss, which was very moving. The corporal" [MP] "was out of his mind and I was just dragged off. I never saw her again, of course she died. I mean, I gather they all did. But, I can't really describe it very well, I don't really want to. I went through some of the huts and there were tiers and tiers of rotting people, but some of them who were alive underneath the rot, and were lifting their heads and trying .... .... trying to do the victory thing. That was the worst."[4]

A British Army
British Army
bulldozer pushes bodies into a mass grave at Belsen. April 19, 1945

"After the war I always knew that nothing, nothing, could ever be as bad ... ... but nothing could frighten me any more, I mean, no man could frighten me any more, no Director ... ... nothing could be as bad as the war, or the things I saw in the war."[4]

The horror and revulsion at the cruelty and inhumanity that he witnessed still left him with a deep-seated hostility towards Germany; in the late-1980s he wrote that he would disembark from a lift rather than ride with a German of his generation.[7] Nevertheless, three of his more memorable film roles were as Germans, one of them as a former SS officer in The Night Porter
The Night Porter
(1974).[8] Bogarde was most vocal, towards the end of his life, on voluntary euthanasia, of which he became a staunch proponent after witnessing the protracted death of his lifelong partner and manager Anthony Forwood (the former husband of actress Glynis Johns) in 1988. He gave an interview to John Hofsess, London
London
executive director of the Voluntary Euthanasia Society:

"My views were formulated as a 24-year-old officer in Normandy ... On one occasion the jeep ahead hit a mine ... Next thing I knew, there was this chap in the long grass beside me. A bloody bundle, shrapnel-ripped, legless, one arm only. The one arm reached out to me, white eyeballs wide, unseeing, in the bloody mask that had been a face. A gurgling voice said, "Help. Kill me." With shaking hands I reached for my small pouch to load my revolver ... I had to look for my bullets—by which time somebody else had already taken care of him. I heard the shot. I still remember that gurgling sound. A voice pleading for death .... During the war I saw more wounded men being "taken care of" than I saw being rescued. Because sometimes you were too far from a dressing station, sometimes you couldn't get them out. And they were pumping blood or whatever; they were in such a wreck, the only thing to do was to shoot them. And they were, so don't think they weren't. That hardens you: You get used to the fact that it can happen. And that it is the only sensible thing to do."

Career[edit] His London
London
West End theatre-acting debut was in 1939, with the stage name "Derek Bogaerde", in J. B. Priestley's play Cornelius. After the war, Bogarde's agent renamed him "Dirk Bogarde" and he was handsome enough to begin a career as a film actor. He was contracted to the Rank Organisation
Rank Organisation
under the wing of the prolific independent film producer Betty Box, who produced most of his early films and was instrumental in creating his matinée idol image.[9] Stardom[edit] During the 1950s, Bogarde was a matinee idol under extended contract to the Rank Organisation. His Rank contract began following his appearance in Esther Waters (1948), his first credited role, replacing Stewart Granger
Stewart Granger
.[10] Another early role was in The Blue Lamp
The Blue Lamp
(1950), playing a hoodlum who shoots and kills a police constable (Jack Warner) while in So Long at the Fair
So Long at the Fair
(1950), a film noir, he played a handsome artist who comes to the rescue of Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
during the World's Fair in Paris. He also had roles as an accidental murderer in Hunted (a.k.a. The Stranger in Between, 1952); a young wing commander in Bomber Command in Appointment in London
London
(1953) and a wrongly imprisoned man who regains hope in clearing his name when he learns his sweetheart, Mai Zetterling, is still alive in Desperate Moment (1953). Bogarde featured as a medical student in Doctor in the House
Doctor in the House
(1954), a film that made him one of the most popular British stars of the 1950s. The film co-starred Kenneth More
Kenneth More
and Donald Sinden, with James Robertson Justice as their crabby mentor. The production was initiated by Betty Box, who picked up a copy of the book at Crewe
Crewe
during a long rail journey, and saw its possibility as a film. But Box and Ralph Thomas had difficulties convincing Rank executives that people would go to a film about doctors, and that Bogarde, who up to then had played character roles, had sex appeal and could play light comedy. They were allocated a modest budget, and were only allowed to use available Rank contract artists. The film was the first of the Doctor film series based on the books by Richard Gordon. In The Sleeping Tiger
The Sleeping Tiger
(1954), Bogarde played a neurotic criminal with co-star Alexis Smith. It was Bogarde's first film for American expatriate director Joseph Losey. He did his second Doctor film, Doctor at Sea (1955), co-starring Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
in one of her first film roles; as a returning colonial who fights the Mau-Mau
Mau-Mau
with Virginia McKenna
Virginia McKenna
and Donald Sinden
Donald Sinden
in Simba (1955); Cast a Dark Shadow (1955), as a man who marries women for money and then murders them; The Spanish Gardener (1956), with Michael Hordern, Jon Whiteley, and Cyril Cusack; Doctor at Large (1957), again with Donald Sinden, another entry in the Doctor film series, with later Bond-girl Shirley Eaton; the Powell and Pressburger
Powell and Pressburger
production Ill Met by Moonlight (1957) co-starring Marius Goring
Marius Goring
as the German General Kreipe, kidnapped on Crete
Crete
by Patrick "Paddy" Leigh Fermor (Bogarde) and W. Stanley Moss (David Oxley) and a fellow band of Cretan resistance fighters based on W. Stanley Moss' real-life account, (Ill Met by Moonlight), of the Second World War
Second World War
abduction; A Tale of Two Cities (1958), a faithful retelling of Charles Dickens' classic; as a flight lieutenant in the Far East
Far East
who falls in love with a beautiful Japanese teacher Yoko Tani in The Wind Cannot Read
The Wind Cannot Read
(1958);The Doctor's Dilemma (1959), based on a play by George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw
and co-starring Leslie Caron and Robert Morley; and Libel (1959), playing three separate roles and co-starring Olivia de Havilland. Later roles[edit] After leaving the Rank Organisation
Rank Organisation
in the early 1960s, Bogarde abandoned his heart-throb image for more challenging parts. He starred in the film Victim (1961), playing a London
London
barrister who fights the blackmailers of a young man with whom he has had a deeply emotional relationship. The young man commits suicide after being arrested for embezzlement, rather than ruin his beloved's career. In exposing the ring of extortionists, Bogarde's character risks his reputation and marriage in order to see that justice is done. Victim was the first British film to portray the humiliation gay people were exposed to via discriminatory law, and as a victimized minority; it is said to have had some effect upon the later Sexual Offences Act 1967
Sexual Offences Act 1967
ending the illegal status of homosexual activity. Other later roles included decadent valet Hugo Barrett in The Servant (1963), which garnered him a BAFTA
BAFTA
Award, directed by Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
and written by Harold Pinter; The Mind Benders (1963), a film ahead of its times in which Bogarde plays an Oxford professor conducting sensory deprivation experiments at Oxford University
Oxford University
(precursor to Altered States (1980)); the anti-war film King & Country (1964), directed by Joseph Losey, in which he played an army officer at a court martial, reluctantly defending deserter Tom Courtenay; a television broadcaster-writer Robert Gold in Darling (1965), for which Bogarde won a second BAFTA
BAFTA
Award, directed by John Schlesinger; Stephen, a bored Oxford University
Oxford University
professor, in Losey's Accident, (1967) also written by Pinter; Our Mother's House
Our Mother's House
(1967), an off-beat film-noir and British entry at the Venice Film Festival, directed by Jack Clayton, in which Bogarde plays a ne'er-do-well father who descends upon "his" seven children on the death of their mother; German industrialist Frederick Bruckmann in Luchino Visconti's La Caduta degli dei, The Damned (1969) co-starring Ingrid Thulin; as ex-Nazi, Max Aldorfer, in the chilling and controversial Il Portiere di notte (a.k.a. The Night Porter) (1974), co-starring Charlotte Rampling, directed by Liliana Cavani; and most notably, as Gustav von Aschenbach in Morte a Venezia, Death in Venice (1971), also directed by Visconti; as Claude, the lawyer son of a dying, drunken writer (John Gielgud) in the well-received, multi-dimensional French film Providence (1977), directed by Alain Resnais; as industrialist Hermann Hermann who descends into madness in Despair (1978) directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder; and as Daddy in Bertrand Tavernier's Daddy Nostalgie, (a.k.a.These Foolish Things) (1991), co-starring Jane Birkin
Jane Birkin
as his daughter, Bogarde's final film role. In some of his other roles during the 1960s and 1970s, Bogarde played opposite renowned stars, yet several of the films were of uneven quality, due to demands or limitations set by the studio or their scripts: The Angel Wore Red
The Angel Wore Red
(1960), playing an unfrocked priest who falls in love with cabaret entertainer Ava Gardner
Ava Gardner
during the Spanish Civil War; Song Without End (1960), as Hungarian composer and virtuoso pianist Franz Liszt, a flawed film made under the initial direction of Charles Vidor (who died during shooting), and completed by Bogarde's friend George Cukor, the actor's only disappointing foray into Hollywood; the campy The Singer Not the Song
The Singer Not the Song
(1961), as a Mexican bandit co-starring John Mills
John Mills
as a priest; H.M.S. Defiant
H.M.S. Defiant
(a.k.a. Damn the Defiant!) (1962), playing sadistic Lieutenant Scott-Padget, co-starring Sir
Sir
Alec Guinness; I Could Go On Singing (1963), co-starring Judy Garland
Judy Garland
in her final screen role; Hot Enough for June, (a.k.a. "Agent 8¾") (1964), a James Bond-type spy spoof co-starring Robert Morley; Modesty Blaise (1966), a campy spy send-up playing archvillain Gabriel opposite Monica Vitti
Monica Vitti
and Terence Stamp and directed by Joseph Losey; The Fixer (1968), based on Bernard Malamud's novel, co-starring Alan Bates;Sebastian (1968), as Sebastian, a mathematician working on code decryption, who falls in love with Susannah York, a decrypter in the all-female decoding office he heads for British Intelligence, also co-starring Sir
Sir
John Gielgud, and Lilli Palmer, co-produced by Michael Powell; Oh! What a Lovely War (1969), co-starring Sir
Sir
John Gielgud
John Gielgud
and Sir
Sir
Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
and directed by Richard Attenborough; Justine (1969), directed by George Cukor; Le Serpent (1973), co-starring Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
and Yul Brynner; A Bridge Too Far (1977), in a controversial performance as Lieutenant General Frederick "Boy" Browning, also starring Sean Connery
Sean Connery
and an all-star cast and again directed by Richard Attenborough. Bogarde claimed he had known General Browning from his time on Field Marshal Montgomery's staff during the war and took issue with the largely negative portrayal of the General that he played in the 1977 film A Bridge Too Far. General "Boy" Browning's widow, the author Daphne du Maurier, ferociously attacked his characterisation and "the resultant establishment fallout, much of it homophobic, wrongly convinced [Bogarde] that the newly ennobled Sir
Sir
Richard [Attenborough] had deliberately contrived to scupper his own chance of a knighthood."[11] In 1977, Bogarde embarked on his second career as an author. Starting with a first volume A Postillion Struck by Lightning (an allusion to the phrase My postillion has been struck by lightning), he wrote a series of 15 best-selling memoirs, novels, essays, reviews, poetry and collected journalism. As a writer Bogarde displayed a witty, elegant, highly literate and thoughtful style. Missed roles[edit] While under contract with the Rank Organisation, Bogarde was set to play the role of T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
in a proposed film Lawrence to be directed by Anthony Asquith.[12] On the eve of production, after one year of preparation by Bogarde and Asquith, the film was scrapped without full explanation, to the dismay of Bogarde and Asquith. The abrupt scrapping of Lawrence, a role long researched and keenly anticipated by Bogarde, was among his greatest screen disappointments.[9] Bogarde was also reportedly considered for the title role in MGM's Doctor Zhivago(1965).[citation needed] Earlier, he declined Louis Jourdan's role as Gaston in MGM's Gigi (1958).[citation needed] In 1961, Bogarde was offered the chance to play Hamlet at the recently founded Chichester Festival Theatre
Chichester Festival Theatre
by artistic director Sir
Sir
Laurence Olivier, but had to decline due to film commitments.[13] Bogarde later said that he regretted declining Olivier's offer and with it the chance to "really learn my craft."[14] Personal life[edit]

Bogarde with Jane Birkin, co-star in Daddy Nostalgie
Daddy Nostalgie
at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival

For many years he shared his homes, first in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, then in France, with his partner Anthony Forwood, who was the former husband of actress Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
and the father of their only child, actor Gareth Forwood. Bogarde repeatedly denied that their relationship was anything other than platonic. Such denials were understandable, mainly because male homosexual acts were criminal during most of his career, and could lead to prosecution and imprisonment. Rank Studio contracts included morality clauses, which provided for termination of the contract in the event of 'immoral' conduct on the part of the actor. This would have included same-sex relationships, thus potentially putting the actor's career in jeopardy.[15] It is possible that Bogarde's refusal to enter into a marriage of convenience was a major reason for his failure to become a star in Hollywood, together with the critical and commercial failure of Song Without End. His friend Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
believed Bogarde would not have been able to come out during later life, since this might have demonstrated that he had been forced to camouflage his sexual orientation during his film career.[16] The actor John Fraser, however, said that "Dirk's life with Forwood had been so respectable, their love for each other so profound and so enduring, it would have been a glorious day for the pursuit of understanding and the promotion of tolerance if he had screwed up the courage..."[17] Death[edit] Bogarde suffered a minor stroke in November 1987, at a time when his partner, Anthony Forwood, was dying of liver cancer and Parkinson's disease. In September 1996, he underwent angioplasty to unblock arteries leading to his heart and suffered a massive stroke following the operation.[18] Bogarde was paralysed on one side of his body, which affected his speech and left him in a wheelchair. He managed, however, to complete a final volume of his autobiography, which covered the stroke and its effects as well as an edition of his collected journalism, mainly for The Daily Telegraph. He spent some time with his friend Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
the day before he died. Bogarde died at his home in London
London
from a heart attack on 8 May 1999, age 78. His ashes were scattered at his former estate in Grasse, Southern France.[19] Honours and awards[edit] Bogarde was nominated five times as Best Actor by BAFTA, winning twice, for The Servant in 1963, and for Darling in 1965. He also received the London
London
Film Critics Circle Lifetime Award in 1991. He made a total of 63 films between 1939 and 1991. In 1983, he received a Special
Special
Award for service to the Cinema at the Cannes Festival. Awarded the British Film Institute Fellowship
British Film Institute Fellowship
in 1987, the following year in 1988, Bogarde was honoured with the first BAFTA
BAFTA
Tribute Award for an outstanding contribution to cinema in 1988. Bogarde was honoured as a Knight Bachelor
Knight Bachelor
in the United Kingdom in 1992, awarded the Commandeur de l' Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
by the French government in 1990, an honorary Doctorate of Literature on 4 July 1985 by St. Andrews University
St. Andrews University
in Scotland and an honorary Doctorate of Letters in 1993 by the University of Sussex
University of Sussex
in England. In 1984, Bogarde served as president of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival. He was the first British person to serve in this capacity. Filmography[edit] Titles preceded by an asterisk (*) are films made for television.

Year Film Role Notes

1939 Come On George! Extra Uncredited

1947 Dancing with Crime Policeman Uncredited

1948 Esther Waters William Latch

Quartet George Bland (segment "The Alien Corn")

1949 Once a Jolly Swagman Bill Fox

Dear Mr. Prohack Charles Prohack

Boys in Brown Alfie Rawlins

1950 The Blue Lamp Tom Riley

So Long at the Fair George Hathaway

The Woman in Question R.W. (Bob) Baker

1951 Blackmailed Stephen Mundy

1952 Hunted Chris Lloyd

Penny Princess Tony Craig

The Gentle Gunman Matt Sullivan

1953 Appointment in London Wing Commander Tim Mason

Desperate Moment Simon Van Halder

1954 They Who Dare Lt. David Graham

Doctor in the House Dr Simon Sparrow Bogarde's first film with director Ralph Thomas

The Sleeping Tiger Frank Clemmons Bogarde's first film with director Joseph Losey

For Better, for Worse Tony Howard

The Sea Shall Not Have Them Flight Sgt. MacKay

1955 Simba Alan Howard

Doctor at Sea Dr Simon Sparrow

Cast a Dark Shadow Edward "Teddy" Bare

1956 The Spanish Gardener Jose

1957 Ill Met by Moonlight Maj. Patrick Leigh Fermor
Patrick Leigh Fermor
a.k.a. Philedem

Doctor at Large Dr Simon Sparrow

Campbell's Kingdom Bruce Campbell

1958 A Tale of Two Cities Sydney Carton

The Wind Cannot Read Flight Lt Michael Quinn

The Doctor's Dilemma Louis Dubedat

1959 Libel Sir
Sir
Mark Sebastian Loddon / Frank Welney / Number Fifteen

1960 The Angel Wore Red Arturo Carrera

Song Without End Franz Liszt Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1961 The Singer Not the Song Anacleto

Victim Melville Farr Nominated — BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1962 H.M.S. Defiant 1st Lt. Scott-Padget

We Joined the Navy Dr. Simon Sparrow Cameo appearance, Uncredited

The Password Is Courage Sergeant Major Charles Coward

1963 The Mind Benders Dr. Henry Longman

I Could Go On Singing David Donne

Doctor in Distress Dr Simon Sparrow

The Servant Hugo Barrett BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1964 Hot Enough for June Nicholas Whistler

King and Country Capt. Hargreaves

The High Bright Sun Major McGuire

1965 Darling Robert Gold BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1966 Modesty Blaise Gabriel

Blithe Spirit Charles Condomine

1967 Accident Stephen Nominated — BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

Our Mother's House Charlie Hook

1968 Sebastian Sebastian

The Fixer Bibikov

1969 Oh! What a Lovely War Stephen

Justine Pursewarden

The Damned Frederick Bruckmann

1970 Upon This Rock Bonnie Prince Charlie

1971 Death in Venice Gustav von Aschenbach Nominated — BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1973 Night Flight from Moscow Philip Boyle

1974 The Night Porter Maximilian Theo Aldorfer

1975 Permission to Kill Alan Curtis

1977 Providence Claude Langham

A Bridge Too Far Lt. Gen. Frederick 'Boy' Browning

1978 Despair Hermann Hermann

1981 The Patricia Neal Story Roald Dahl

1986 May We Borrow Your Husband? William Harris

1988 The Vision James Marriner

1990 Daddy Nostalgie Daddy (final film role)

British box office ranking[edit] For several years British film exhibitors voted Bogarde one of the most popular local stars at the box office:[20]

1953 - 5th 1954 - 2nd (9th most popular international star)[21] 1955 - 1st (also most popular international star)[22] 1956 - 3rd 1957 - 1st (also most popular international star)[23] 1958 - 2nd (also 2nd most popular international star)[24] 1959 - 5th[25] 1960 - 9th most popular international star 1961 - 8th most popular international star 1963 - 9th most popular international star[26]

Other works[edit] Autobiographies and memoirs[edit]

A Postillion Struck by Lightning, 1977 Snakes and Ladders, 1978 An Orderly Man, 1983 Backcloth, 1986 A Particular Friendship, 1989 Great Meadow, 1992 A Short Walk from Harrods, 1993 Cleared for Take-Off, 1995 For the Time Being: Collected Journalism, 1998 Dirk Bogarde: The Complete Autobiography (contains the first four autobiographies only)

Novels[edit]

A Gentle Occupation, 1980 Voices in the Garden, 1981 West of Sunset, 1984 Jericho, 1991 A Period of Adjustment, 1994 Closing Ranks, 1997

Discography[edit]

Lyrics for Lovers ( London
London
Records, 1960) as Njegus in Die lustige Witwe
Die lustige Witwe
(speaking role - of a narration by Tom Stoppard - in a complete recording of the opera conducted by Franz Welser-Möst).[27]

References[edit] Notes

^ a b Coldstream 2004, p. 24. ^ a b Moir, Jon. "Dirk could be cruel – but I know why." The Daily Telegraph (London), 2 September 2004. Retrieved: 29 March 2015. ^ "Dirk Bogarde: Biography". dirkbogarde.co.uk.  ^ a b c d Above The Title, Yorkshire Television interview, 1986. ^ Bogarde states that before a village was bombed by the RAF they would always drop leaflets first warning the inhabitants, but that sometimes the leaflets were blown away by the wind. Other air forces allocated to these same tasks he states, "didn't drop leaflets, they just bombed everything that moved". ^ Celinscak, Mark (2015). Distance from the Belsen Heap: Allied Forces and the Liberation of a Concentration Camp. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442615700.  ^ Bogarde, Dirk. "Out of the Shadows of Hell". For the Time Being. London: Penguin, 1988. ^ The Night Porter
The Night Porter
(1974) on IMDb ^ a b Morley 1999, pp. 8–9. ^ Hinxman, Margaret (10 May 1999). " Sir
Sir
Dirk Bogarde". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2017.  ^ Hawkins and Attenborough 2009, pp. 152–153. ^ Brownlow 1996. p. 407. ^ Coldstream, John 2004, pp. 361–362. ^ Bogarde 1988, p. 169. ^ Kressler, Noah B. "Using the Morals Clause in Talent Agreements: A Historical, Legal, and Practical Guide." Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 29, 13 December 2005. Retrieved: 22 September 2013. ^ Coldstream 2004[page needed] ^ Ezard, John. "Sexy self-image that revved up Dirk Bogarde."The Guardian, 2 October 2004. ^ " Sir
Sir
Dirk reveals `living will' wishes after stroke." The Free Library. Retrieved: 22 September 2013. ^ "Obituary: Sir
Sir
Dirk Bogarde." This is announcements. Retrieved: 22 September 2013. ^ Shipman 1972, pp. 56–59. ^ "John Wayne Heads Box-Office Poll." The Mercury (Hobart, Tasmania: 1860 - 1954) via National Library of Australia, 31 December 1954, p. 6. Retrieved: 9 July 2012. ^ "The Dam Busters", The Times
The Times
[London, England] 29 December 1955, p. 12 via The Times
The Times
Digital Archive, 11 July 2012. ^ "News in Brief." The Times
The Times
[London, England] 27 December 1957, p. 9 via The Times
The Times
Digital Archive. Retrieved: 11 July 2012. ^ "Mr. Guinness Heads Film Poll". The Times
The Times
[London, England], 2 January 1959, p. 4 via The Times
The Times
Digital Archive, 11 July 2012. ^ "Year of Profitable British Films". The Times
The Times
[London, England], 1 January 1960, p. 13 via The Times
The Times
Digital Archive, 11 July 2012. ^ "Most Popular Films of 1963". The Times
The Times
[London, England] 3 January 1964, p. 4 via The Times
The Times
Digital Archive, 11 July 2012. ^ Rodney Milnes. Opera in Concert - Die lustige Witwe. Glyndebourne Festival Opera at the Royal Festival Hall, 20 July 1993. Opera, September 1993, p1123-24. (The concert was recorded and issued on EMI CDS 5 55152-2.)

Bibliography

Bogarde, Dirk. For The Time Being: Collected Journalism. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, UK: Penguin, 1999. ISBN 978-0-67088-005-8. Bogarde, Dirk. Snakes and Ladders. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, UK: Penguin, 1988. ISBN 978-0-14010-539-1. Brownlow, Kevin. David Lean: A Biography. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-3121-6810-0. Coldstream, John. Dirk Bogarde: The Authorised Biography. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2004. ISBN 0-297-60730-8. Coldstream, John. Ever, Dirk: The Bogarde Letters. London: Phoenix, 2009. ISBN 978-0-75382-589-1. Hawkins, Diana and Richard Attenborough. Entirely Up To You, Darling . London: Arrow Books, 2009. ISBN 978-0-099-50304-0. Hinxman, Margaret and Susan d'Arcy. The Films of Dirk Bogarde Richmond, California: Literary Services & Production, 1974. ISBN 978-0-85321-058-0. Morley, Sheridan. Dirk Bogarde: Rank Outsider. Pontarddulais, Swansea, UK: Macmillan Distribution Limited, 2000. ISBN 978-0-74754-698-6. Shipman, David. The Great Movie Stars: The International Years. London: Macdonald, 1989, p. 55-60 ISBN 978-0-35618-147-9 Tanitch, Robert. Dirk Bogarde: The Complete Career Illustrated. London: Ebury Press, 1988. ISBN 978-0-85223-694-9.

Archival resources[edit]

Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
collection, 1957–1993 (4.5 linear feet) is housed at Boston University
Boston University
Dept. of Special
Special
Collections Harold Matson Company, Inc. Records, 1937–1980 (68 linear feet) are housed at the Columbia University Libraries. The Matson Company was the literary agency with which Bogarde worked; the collection contains correspondence and other documents related to his literary career.

External links[edit]

Biography portal

dirkbogarde.co.uk Official website of the Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
Estate Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
on IMDb Sir
Sir
Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
at Facebook [1] Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline. Biography and credits Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
by Neil McNally Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
at glbtq.com The letters of Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
at Telegraph.co.uk, Part 1 Part 2 The Spectator Bryan Forbesreviews The letters of Dirk Bogarde

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Peter O'Toole for Lawrence of Arabia BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role 1963 for The Servant Succeeded by Richard Attenborough for Guns at Batasi
Guns at Batasi
& Séance on a Wet Afternoon

Preceded by Richard Attenborough for Guns at Batasi
Guns at Batasi
& Seance on a Wet Afternoon BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role 1965 for Darling Succeeded by Richard Burton for The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
& Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1952–1967

Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1952) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1953) Kenneth More
Kenneth More
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1954) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
British, Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
Foreign (1955) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, François Périer
François Périer
Foreign (1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
British, Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
Foreign (1957) Trevor Howard
Trevor Howard
British, Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
Foreign (1958) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1959) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1960) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Paul Newman
Paul Newman
Foreign (1961) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
British, Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
Foreign (1962) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1963) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1964) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
Foreign (1965) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1966) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1967)

1968–present

Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1968) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1969) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1970) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1971) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1972) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1975) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1976) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1979) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
/ Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) John Cleese
John Cleese
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(1994) Nigel Hawthorne (1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Robert Carlyle
Robert Carlyle
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Jamie Bell
Jamie Bell
(2000) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2001) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Chiwetel Ejiofor
Chiwetel Ejiofor
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 111355131 LCCN: n79139685 ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 8570 GND: 119545748 SUDOC: 050464256 BNF: cb13523034w (data) MusicBrainz: 2a61305b-c1ab-44f6-b1a4-789ae8a45fbf NDL: 00463452 BNE: XX971402 SN

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