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The Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
(DNI) is the United States government cabinet-level official—subject to the authority, direction, and control of the President—required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to:

serve as head of the seventeen-member United States
United States
Intelligence Community, direct and oversee the National Intelligence Program; and serve as an advisor, upon invitation, to the President and his executive offices of the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council about intelligence matters related to national security;

The Director produces the President's Daily Brief
President's Daily Brief
(PDB), a top-secret document fusing intelligence from the various collection agencies, given each morning to the President.[1] The PDB is seen by the President and to those approved by the President. On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
issued Executive Order 13470,[2] amending Executive Order 12333
Executive Order 12333
to strengthen the DNI's role.[3] Further, by Presidential Policy Directive 19 signed by Barack Obama in October 2012, the DNI was given overall responsibility for Intelligence Community whistleblowing and source protection. Under 50 U.S.C. § 403-3a, "under ordinary circumstances, it is desirable" that either the Director or the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
be an active-duty commissioned officer in the armed forces or have training or experience in military intelligence activities and requirements. Only one of the two positions can be held by a military officer at any given time. The statute does not specify what rank the commissioned officer will hold during his or her tenure in either position.

Coats being sworn in as Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
by Vice President Mike Pence
Mike Pence
on March 16, 2017.

The DNI is appointed by the President and is subject to confirmation by the Senate, and serves at the pleasure of the President. The current DNI is Dan Coats, who was nominated for the office on January 5, 2017, by then-President-elect Donald Trump.[4] The DNI and Principal Deputy Directors of National Intelligence both resigned with effect on January 20, Trump’s Inauguration Day. Pending Coats' confirmation, Mike Dempsey was acting DNI from January 20, and became a member of President Trump’s Cabinet on February 8,[5][6] the first time that the DNI was a Cabinet-level position. The United States Senate Intelligence Committee held Coats‘ confirmation hearing on February 28, [7] which approved Coats on March 9, by a 13–2 vote.[8] The Senate confirmed his nomination with a 85–12 vote on March 15, and he was sworn into office the next day.[9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding 1.2 Appointments

2 Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
(ODNI)

2.1 ODNI
ODNI
organization

2.1.1 Core mission 2.1.2 Mission enablers 2.1.3 Oversight

3 Directors 4 Line of succession 5 Subordinates

5.1 Principal Deputy Directors of National Intelligence 5.2 Director of the Intelligence Staff/Chief Management Officer 5.3 Intelligence Community Inspector General 5.4 Deputy Directors of National Intelligence 5.5 Assistant Directors of National Intelligence 5.6 Assistant Deputy Directors of National Intelligence

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Founding[edit] Before the DNI was formally established, the head of the Intelligence Community was the Director of Central Intelligence
Director of Central Intelligence
(DCI), who concurrently served as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The 9/11 Commission recommended establishing the DNI position in its 9/11 Commission Report, not released until July 22, 2004, as it had identified major intelligence failures that called into question how well the intelligence community was able to protect U.S. interests against foreign terrorist attacks. Senators Dianne Feinstein, Jay Rockefeller
Jay Rockefeller
and Bob Graham
Bob Graham
introduced S. 2645 on June 19, 2002, to create the Director of National Intelligence position. Other similar legislation soon followed. After considerable debate on the scope of the DNI's powers and authorities, the United States
United States
Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 by votes of 336–75 in the House of Representatives, and 89–2 in the Senate. President George W. Bush signed the bill into law on December 17, 2004. Among other things, the law established the DNI position as the designated leader of the United States Intelligence Community
United States Intelligence Community
and prohibited the DNI from serving as the CIA Director or the head of any other Intelligence Community element at the same time. In addition, the law required the CIA Director to "report" his agency's activities to the DNI. Critics say compromises during the bill's crafting led to the establishment of a DNI whose powers are too weak to adequately lead, manage and improve the performance of the US Intelligence Community.[10] In particular, the law left the United States Department of Defense in charge of the National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(NSA), the National Reconnaissance Office
National Reconnaissance Office
(NRO), and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). (The limited DNI role in leading the US Intelligence Community is discussed on the Intelligence Community page.) Appointments[edit] The first Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
was US Ambassador to Iraq John Negroponte
John Negroponte
who was appointed on February 17, 2005, by President George W. Bush, subject to confirmation by the Senate. It was reported that President Bush's first choice for DNI was former Director of Central Intelligence Robert M. Gates, who was serving as president of Texas A&M University, but who declined the offer.[11] Negroponte was confirmed by a Senate vote of 98 to 2 in favor of his appointment on April 21, 2005, and he was sworn in by President Bush on that day. On February 13, 2007, John Michael McConnell
John Michael McConnell
became the second Director of National Intelligence, after Negroponte was appointed Deputy Secretary of State. Donald M. Kerr was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to be Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
on October 4, 2007 and sworn in on October 9, 2007. Kerr, from Virginia, was most recently the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office, and previously the Duty Director for Science and Technology at the US CIA and earlier in his career the Assistant Director of the Justice Department's FBI. Declan McCullagh at News.com wrote on August 24, 2007, that the DNI site was configured to repel all search engines to index any page at DNI.gov. This effectively made the DNI website invisible to all search engines and in turn, any search queries.[12] Ross Feinstein, Spokesman for the DNI, said that the cloaking was removed as of September 3, 2007. "We're not even sure how (the robots.txt file]) got there" – but it was again somehow hidden the next day. Another blog entry by McCullagh on September 7, states that the DNI site should now be open to search engines.[13] This explanation is plausible because some software used for web development has been known to cause servers to automatically generate and re-generate robots.txt, and this behavior can be difficult to turn off. Therefore, if the web developers working for the DNI had tried to solve the issue by simply removing robots.txt, it would have looked like it worked at first, but then fail once the server had undergone a self-check for the robots.txt file.[14] robots.txt has been configured to allow access to all directories for any agent. In September 2007, the Office of the DNI released "Intelligence Community 100 Day & 500 Day Plans for Integration & Collaboration". These plans include a series of initiatives designed to build the foundation for increased cooperation and reform of the U.S. Intelligence Community.[15] On July 20, 2010, President Obama nominated retired Lt. (three-star) Gen. James R. Clapper
James R. Clapper
for the position. Clapper was confirmed by the Senate on August 5, and replaced acting Director David C. Gompert. The prior DNI was retired Navy four-star admiral Dennis C. Blair, whose resignation became effective May 28, 2010.[16] Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
(ODNI)[edit] The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
of 2004 established the Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
(ODNI) as an independent agency to assist the DNI. The ODNI's goal is to effectively integrate foreign, military and domestic intelligence in defense of the homeland and of United States
United States
interests abroad.[17] The budget for the ODNI
ODNI
and the Intelligence Community for fiscal year 2013 was $52.6 billion[18] and the base request for fiscal year 2014 was $48.2 billion.[19] The Military Intelligence Program (MIP) base budget request for fiscal year 2014, excluding overseas contingency funds, is $14.6 billion, which together with the NIP, comprise an Intelligence Community budget request of $62.8 billion for fiscal year 2014.[20] The ODNI
ODNI
has about 1,750 employees.[21] On March 23, 2007, DNI Mike McConnell announced organizational changes, which include:

Elevating acquisition to a new Deputy DNI position Creating a new Deputy DNI for Policy, Plans, and Requirements (replacing the Deputy DNI for Requirements position) Establishing an Executive Committee Designating the Chief of Staff position as the new Director of the Intelligence Staff

The ODNI
ODNI
continued to evolve under succeeding directors, culminating in a new organization focused on intelligence integration across the community. The ODNI
ODNI
has six centers and 15 Offices that, together with the centers, support the Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
as the head of the Intelligence Community (IC) in overseeing and directing implementation of the NIP and acting as the principal advisor to the President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to national security. The six ODNI
ODNI
centers include:

Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Agency (IARPA) Information Sharing Environment (ISE) National Counterproliferation Center
National Counterproliferation Center
(NCPC) National Counterterrorism Center
National Counterterrorism Center
(NCTC) National Intelligence Council (NIC) Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX).

ODNI
ODNI
organization[edit] The ODNI
ODNI
is divided into core, enabling, and oversight offices. The Principal Deputy Director (PDDNI) to the DNI, in a role similar to that of a Chief Operating Officer, oversees operation of ODNI
ODNI
offices, manages Intelligence Community (IC) coordination and information sharing, reinforces the DNI's intelligence-integration initiatives, and focuses on IC resource challenges. Core mission[edit] The core mission functions of the ODNI
ODNI
are organized under the Deputy DNI for Intelligence Integration (DDNI/II). The DDNI/II facilitates information sharing and collaboration through the integration of analysis and collection, and leads execution of core mission functions. These include:

Integration Management Council National Intelligence Council Mission Integration Division National Counterterrorism Center National Counterproliferation Center Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive

Mission enablers[edit] Mission enablers include policy, engagement, acquisition, resource, human capital, financial, and information offices. Oversight[edit] Oversight offices include the General Counsel, civil liberties, public affairs, Inspector General, Equal Employment Opportunity, and legislative affairs functions.[17] Directors[edit] See also: List of United States
United States
Directors of National Intelligence by time in office

Status

  Denotes an Acting Director of National Intelligence

No. Director Term of Office President(s) served under

Position succeeded the Director of Central Intelligence

1

John Negroponte April 21, 2005 – February 13, 2007 George W. Bush

2

Mike McConnell February 13, 2007 – January 27, 2009

3

Dennis C. Blair January 29, 2009 – May 28, 2010 Barack Obama

David Gompert Acting May 28, 2010 – August 5, 2010

4

James R. Clapper August 5, 2010 – January 20, 2017

Mike Dempsey Acting January 20, 2017 – March 16, 2017 Donald Trump

5

Dan Coats March 16, 2017 – present

Line of succession[edit] The line of succession for the Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
is as follows:[22]

Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence Deputy Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
for Intelligence Integration Director of the National Counterterrorism Center National Counterintelligence Executive Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Subordinates[edit] Principal Deputy Directors of National Intelligence[edit]

Name Term of Office President(s) served under

Michael Hayden April 21, 2005 – May 26, 2006 George W. Bush

Ronald L. Burgess, Jr. June 2006 – January 2007 George W. Bush

Donald Kerr October 2007 – January 2009 George W. Bush

Ronald L. Burgess, Jr. Acting January 2009 – February 2009 Barack Obama

David C. Gompert November 10, 2009 – August 2010 Barack Obama

Stephanie O'Sullivan February 18, 2011 – January 20, 2017 Barack Obama

Susan M. Gordon August 7, 2017 – present Donald Trump

Director of the Intelligence Staff/Chief Management Officer[edit]

Name Term of Office President(s) served under

Ronald L. Burgess, Jr. May 2007 – February 2009 George W. Bush, Barack Obama

John F. Kimmons February 2009 – October 2010 Barack Obama

Mark Ewing November 2010 – present Barack Obama, Donald Trump

Intelligence Community Inspector General[edit]

Name Term of Office President(s) served under

Charles McCullough November 2011 – present Barack Obama, Donald Trump

Deputy Directors of National Intelligence[edit]

Name Office Term of Office President(s) served under

Robert Cardillo Intelligence Integration (oversees collection and analysis) September 2010 – October 2014 Barack Obama

Peter Lavoy Analysis December 2008 – ??? George W. Bush

Vacant Collection April 2010 – ??? Barack Obama

David Shedd Policy, Plans and Requirements May 2007 – ??? George W. Bush

Dawn Meyerriecks Acquisition and Technology September 2009 – ??? Barack Obama

Dawn Eilenberger

April 2017 – present Donald Trump

Assistant Directors of National Intelligence[edit]

Name Office Term of Office President(s) served under

Deborah Kircher ADNI for Human Capital October 2011 – present Barack Obama

Al Tarasiuk Intelligence Community Chief Information Officer February 2011 – present Barack Obama

Marilyn A. Vacca Chief Financial Officer April 2009 – present Barack Obama

L. Roger Mason, Jr. ADNI for Systems and Resource Analyses May 2009 – present Barack Obama

Dawn Meyerriecks ADNI for Acquisition, Technology and Facilities ??? – present Barack Obama

Assistant Deputy Directors of National Intelligence[edit]

Name Office Term of Office President(s) served under

Dan Butler Assistant Deputy Director for Open Source April 2008 – ??? George W. Bush, Barack Obama

Andrew Hallman Assistant Deputy Director for Intelligence Integration September 2010 – present Barack Obama, Donald Trump

See also[edit]

Title 32 of the CFR Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity Information Sharing Environment Intellipedia Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
(JWICS) National Intelligence Coordination Center            The National Security Act of 1947 Open source intelligence United States
United States
Joint Intelligence Community Council US intelligence community A-Space

References[edit]

^ CIA to Cede President's Brief to Negroponte, a February 19, 2005 Washington Post
Washington Post
article ^ "Executive Order 13470". Federal Register. National Archives and Records Administration. July 30, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2016.  ^ "Bush Orders Intelligence Overhaul". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 31, 2008.  ^ "Trump selects former Indiana Sen. Coats for top intelligence post". Chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2017-01-23.  ^ "President Donald J. Trump Announces His Cabinet". whitehouse.gov. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2017-02-09.  ^ "President Trump announces his full Cabinet roster". Retrieved 2017-02-09.  ^ Matt Smith (February 28, 2017). "Former Sen. Dan Coats
Dan Coats
to face questions during nomination hearing for director of national intelligence". Fox59. Retrieved March 10, 2017.  ^ Matt McKinney (March 9, 2017). "Former U.S. Sen. Dan Coats' nomination as director of national intelligence advances to full Senate". The Indy Channel. Retrieved March 10, 2017.  ^ " Dan Coats
Dan Coats
Sworn in as National Intelligence Director". Bloomberg.com. 2017-03-16. Retrieved 2017-05-22.  ^ Kaplan, Fred (7 December 2004). "You Call That a Reform Bill?". Slate.  ^ " Robert M. Gates
Robert M. Gates
profile". The Washington Post. November 8, 2006. Retrieved November 22, 2016.  ^ McCullagh, Declan (2007-08-24). "Feds use robots.txt files to stay invisible online. Lame". CNET. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ McCullagh, Declan (2007-09-07). "National Intelligence Web site no longer invisible to search engines". CNET. Retrieved 2014-02-14.  ^ "Auto generated robots.txt file in WordPress". Codegrad. February 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-12.  ^ " Director of National Intelligence
Director of National Intelligence
Moves Forward with Intelligence Reform" (PDF). ODNI
ODNI
News Release No. 20-07. DNI.gov. September 13, 2007.  ^ Miller, Greg (May 21, 2010). " Dennis C. Blair
Dennis C. Blair
to resign as Director of National Intelligence". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2010.  ^ a b "Public Affairs Office, ODNI". Office of the Director of National Intelligence. ODNI. Archived from the original on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.  ^ "National Intelligence Program" (PDF). Budget for Fiscal Year 2013. US Government Publishing Office. p. 85. Retrieved 14 Apr 2013.  ^ "National Intelligence Program" (PDF). The Budget for Fiscal Year 2014. US Government Publishing Office. p. 75. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.  ^ "DoD Releases MIP Base Request for FY 2014". Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.  ^ Clark, Charles (September 2012). "Lifting the Lid". Government Executive. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2013.  ^ "Designation of Officers of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence To Act as Director of National Intelligence". Federal Register. 78 FR 59159. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2016-10-30. 

External links[edit]

Official website The National Counterproliferation Center
National Counterproliferation Center
at the Wayback Machine (archived April 28, 2015) The National Counterterrorism Center The National Counterintelligence Executive Program Manager for the Information Sharing Environment Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
of 2004

Articles

U.S. News & World Report: First line of Defense: Inside the Efforts to Remake U.S. Intelligence Fact Sheet: Real Progress in Reforming Intelligence The Washington Post
Washington Post
– December 29, 2006: DNI Awards $2 Million in Hush-Hush Money The National Security Archive: From Director of Central Intelligence to Director of National Intelligence U.S. National Intelligence: An Overview 2013

v t e

United States
United States
Intelligence Community

Intelligence Community

Defense

Defense Intelligence Agency
Defense Intelligence Agency
(Defense Clandestine Service • Defense Attaché System • National Intelligence University • Missile and Space Intelligence Center • National Center for Medical Intelligence • Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(Central Security Service, Special
Special
Collection Service)

Armed Forces

Army Intelligence and Security Command Marine Corps Intelligence Office of Naval Intelligence Twenty-Fifth Air Force Coast Guard Intelligence (Homeland Security)

Civilian

Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Bureau of Intelligence and Research
(State) Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(Directorate of Operations • Special
Special
Activities Division • Open Source Center • Directorate of Science and Technology • CIA University) Drug Enforcement Administration
Drug Enforcement Administration
(Justice) Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation
(Justice) Office of Intelligence and Analysis (Homeland Security) Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
(Treasury) Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
(Energy)

Director of National Intelligence

Director of National Intelligence National Counterterrorism Center National Counterproliferation Center Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive National Intelligence Council Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity Joint Intelligence Community Council Chief Information Officer

Executive Office of the President

National Security Advisor National Security Council President's Intelligence Advisory Board Homeland Security Council Homeland Security Advisor President's Daily Brief

Other

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Army Intelligence Support Activity Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System Intellipedia

Oversight

United States Senate
United States Senate
Select Committee on Intelligence United States
United States
House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence United States
United States
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board Office of Management and Budget

Defunct

Contingency Fund for Foreign Intercourse Counterintelligence Field Activity Military Information Division Military Intelligence Division Military Intelligence Service Office of Strategic Services Office of Special
Special
Plans Strategic Support Branch

v t e

United States
United States
Directors of National Intelligence

Negroponte McConnell Blair Clapper Coats

v t e

Defense Intelligence Agency

Subordinate organizations

Defense Clandestine Service Defense Attaché System Defense Cover Office Missile and Space Intelligence Center National Center for Medical Intelligence National Media Exploitation Center Joint Intelligence Operations Center Europe Analytic Center/Joint Intelligence Center National Intelligence University Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance

Projects, operations, and programs

Project Socrates Stargate Project Able Danger Iraq
Iraq
Survey Group Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System Soviet Military Power

Oversight

United States
United States
Secretary of Defense Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Military Intelligence Board Director of National Intelligence United States
United States
Intelligence Community United States
United States
Department of Defense SSCI HPSCI

People

Robert McNamara Directors

Facilities

Defense Intelligence Agency
Defense Intelligence Agency
Headquarters The Pentagon DIA Memorial Wall

v t e

War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq
Iraq
War War in North-West Pakistan Symbolism of terrorism

Participants

Operational

ISAF Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
participants Afghanistan Northern Alliance Iraq
Iraq
(Iraqi Armed Forces) NATO Pakistan United Kingdom United States European Union Philippines Ethiopia

Targets

al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Abu Sayyaf Anwar al-Awlaki Al-Shabaab Boko Haram Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami Hizbul Mujahideen Islamic Courts Union Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant Jaish-e-Mohammed Jemaah Islamiyah Lashkar-e-Taiba Taliban Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Conflicts

Operation Enduring Freedom

War in Afghanistan OEF – Philippines Georgia Train and Equip Program Georgia Sustainment and Stability OEF – Horn of Africa OEF – Trans Sahara Drone strikes in Pakistan

Other

Operation Active Endeavour Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Insurgency in the North Caucasus Moro conflict
Moro conflict
in the Philippines Iraq
Iraq
War Iraqi insurgency Operation Linda Nchi Terrorism in Saudi Arabia War in North-West Pakistan War in Somalia (2006–09) 2007 Lebanon conflict al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Korean conflict

See also

Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse Axis of evil Black sites Bush Doctrine Clash of Civilizations Cold War Combatant Status Review Tribunal Criticism of the War on Terror Death of Osama bin Laden Enhanced interrogation techniques Torture Memos Extrajudicial prisoners Extraordinary rendition Guantanamo Bay detention camp Iranian Revolution Islamic terrorism Islamism Military Commissions Act of 2006 North Korea and weapons of mass destruction Terrorist Surveillance Program Operation Noble Eagle Operation Eagle Assist Pakistan's role Patriot Act President's Surveillance Program Protect America Act of 2007 September 11 attacks State Sponsors of Terrorism Targeted killing Targeted Killing in International Law Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World Unitary executive theory Unlawful combatant Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan CAGE

Terrorism portal

.