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Dipodomyinae is a subfamily of heteromyid rodents, the kangaroo rats and mice. Dipodomyines, as implied by both their common and scientific names, are bipedal; they also jump exceptionally well. Kangaroo rats and mice are native to desert and semidesert ecosystems of western North America from southern Canada to central Mexico. They are generally herbivorous foragers, and dig and live in burrows. Taxonomy[edit] Dipodomyinae is the sister group of a Perognathinae-Heteromyinae clade; the two are estimated to have split about 22-24 million years (Ma) ago. The most recent common ancestor of extant dipodomyines is thought to have lived 15-16 Ma ago, when the two genera split. The most recent common ancestors of extant members of Dipodomys and Microdipodops are thought to have lived 10-11 and 7-8 Ma ago, respectively.[1]

Subfamily Dipodomyinae

Genus Dipodomys — kangaroo rats

Agile kangaroo rat, Dipodomys agilis California kangaroo rat, Dipodomys californicus Gulf Coast kangaroo rat, Dipodomys compactus Desert kangaroo rat, Dipodomys deserti Texas kangaroo rat, Dipodomys elator Big-eared kangaroo rat, Dipodomys elephantinus San Quintin kangaroo rat, Dipodomys gravipes Heermann's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys heermanni Giant kangaroo rat, Dipodomys ingens Merriam's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys merriami Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat, Dipodomys microps Nelson's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys nelsoni Fresno kangaroo rat, Dipodomys nitratoides Ord's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys ordii Panamint kangaroo rat, Dipodomys panamintinus Phillips's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys phillipsii Dulzura kangaroo rat, Dipodomys simulans Banner-tailed kangaroo rat, Dipodomys spectabilis Stephens's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys stephensi Narrow-faced kangaroo rat, Dipodomys venustus

Genus Microdipodops — kangaroo mice

Pale kangaroo mouse, Microdipodops pallidus Dark kangaroo mouse, Microdipodops megacephalus

References[edit]

^ Hafner, J. C.; Light, J. E.; Hafner, D. J.; Hafner, M. S.; Reddington, E.; Rogers, D. S.; Riddle, B. R. (2007-10-18). "Basal Clades and Molecular Systematics of Heteromyid Rodents". Journal of Mammalogy. 88 (5): 1129–1145. doi:10.1644/06-MAMM-A-413R1.1. 

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Extant species of family Heteromyidae (subfamily Dipodomyinae)

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Superfamily: Geomyoidea

Dipodomys (Kangaroo rats)

Agile kangaroo rat (Dipodomys agilis) California kangaroo rat (Dipodomys californicus) Gulf Coast kangaroo rat (Dipodomys compactus) Desert kangaroo rat (Dipodomys deserti) Texas kangaroo rat (Dipodomys elator) Big-eared kangaroo rat (Dipodomys elephantinus) San Quintin kangaroo rat (Dipodomys gravipes) Heermann's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys heermanni) Giant kangaroo rat (Dipodomys ingens) San José Island kangaroo rat (Dipodomys insularis) Margarita Island kangaroo rat (Dipodomys margaritae) Merriam's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys merriami) Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat (Dipodomys microps) Nelson's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys nelsoni) Fresno kangaroo rat (Dipodomys nitratoides) Ord's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys ordii) Panamint kangaroo rat (Dipodomys panamintinus) Phillips's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys phillipsii) Banner-tailed kangaroo rat (Dipodomys spectabilis) Stephens's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys stephensi) Narrow-faced kangaroo rat (Dipodomys venustus)

Microdipodops (Kangaroo mice)

Pale kangaroo mouse (Microdipodops pallidus) Dark kangaroo mouse (Microdipodops megacephalus)

Category

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q752779 ADW: Dipodomyinae EoL: 2847116 ITIS: 552354 MSW: 12700002 NCBI: 38662

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