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DINKELSBüHL is a historic town in Central Franconia
Franconia
, a region of Germany
Germany
that is now part of the state of Bavaria
Bavaria
, in southern Germany. Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
is a former Free imperial city
Free imperial city
of the Holy Roman Empire . In local government terms, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
lies near the western edge of the Landkreis (or local government district) of district of Ansbach
Ansbach
, north of Aalen
Aalen
.

Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
lies on the northern part of the Romantic Road , and is one of three particularly striking historic towns on the northern part of the route, the others being Rothenburg ob der Tauber
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
and Nördlingen
Nördlingen
.

The town lies on the southern edge of the Franconian Heights and on the River Wörnitz , which rises in the town of Schillingsfürst
Schillingsfürst
. The population in 2013 was 11,315

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Reformation * 1.2 Thirty Years War * 1.3 The World Wars * 1.4 Present day

* 2 Main sights * 3 People from Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
* 4 Gallery * 5 References

HISTORY

Bi-confessional Imperial City of Dinkelsbühl

Paritätische Reichsstadt Dinkelsbühl

Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

1351–1802

CAPITAL Dinkelsbühl

GOVERNMENT Republic
Republic

HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages
Middle Ages

• City founded before 1083

• Gained Reichsfreiheit 1351

• Peace of Augsburg 25 September 1555

• Thirty Years' War 1618–48

• Peace of Westphalia 1648

• Mediatised to Bavaria
Bavaria
1802

PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY

Duchy of Franconia
Franconia

Electorate of Bavaria
Bavaria

Fortified by Emperor Henry V , in 1305 Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
received the same municipal rights as Ulm
Ulm
, and in 1351 was raised to the position of a Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
. Its municipal code, the Dinkelsbühler Recht, published in 1536, and revised in 1738, contained a very extensive collection of public and private laws.

REFORMATION

During the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
was notable for being – eventually along only with Ravensburg
Ravensburg
, Augsburg
Augsburg
and Biberach an der Riß — a Bi-confessional (i.e. roughly equal numbers of Roman Catholics and Protestant
Protestant
citizens, with equal rights) Imperial City (German : Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant
Protestant
civic officials. This status ended in 1802, when these cities were annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
.

Around 1534 the majority of the population of Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
became Protestant.

THIRTY YEARS WAR

Every summer Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
celebrates the city's surrender to Swedish Troops in 1632 during the Thirty Years\' War . This reenactment is played out by many of the town's residents. It features an array of Swedish troops attacking the city gate and children dressed in traditional garb coming to witness the event. Paper cones full of chocolate and candy are given as gifts to children. This historical event is called the "Kinderzeche " and can in some aspects be compared with the "Meistertrunk" in Rothenburg. The name is derived from the two German words for "child" and "the bill for food and drink in an inn", and is called such because of the legend that a child saved the town from massacre by the Swedish Troops during the surrender. The legend tells that when the Swedish army besieged the town, a teenage girl took the children to the Swedish general to beg for mercy. The Swedish general had recently lost his young son to illness, and a boy who approached him so closely resembled his own son that he decided to spare the town.

THE WORLD WARS

Remarkably, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
remained totally unscathed, except for a broken window in St. George's Minster.

PRESENT DAY

The film The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962) was filmed on location in Dinkelsbühl.

MAIN SIGHTS

Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
is still surrounded by the old medieval walls and towers. There exist a lot of outstanding attractions. The image of this town is very typical for a German town of the 15th to early 17th century.

* ST. GEORGE\'S MINSTER is a beautiful masterpiece in the Gothic style of the late 15th century ( by Nikolaus Eseler ). It is the largest "hall church" (one built without aisles) in the country. * ST. PAUL\'S, now a Protestant
Protestant
church, was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the far late Roman architectural style. It was originally part of a monastery. * The CASTLE OF THE TEUTONIC ORDER has a rococo chapel. * The so-called DEUTSCHES HAUS is the ancestral home of the Counts of Drechsel-Deufstetten. It is a fine specimen of the German renaissance style of wooden architecture. * Situated in front of the Minster is a monument to Christoph von Schmid (1768–1854), a 19th-century writer of stories for the young. * MUSEUM OF THE 3RD DIMENSION is housed in the former city mill. * The MUSEUM OF HISTORY shows historical discoveries found within Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
and also has reconstructions of the ancient houses of the city. Since 2008, the museum has had a new domicile in the so-called "Steinerne Haus" from the 14th century. The official name is now: "house of history". While many of the artifacts are the same, the presentation is completely new. * The church of ST. VINCENT, which is 2 km outside the city. * The Summer Breeze Open Air heavy metal festival has been held in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
since 2007.

PEOPLE FROM DINKELSBüHL

* Nikolaus von Dinkelsbühl , A theologian during the 14th and 15th centuries. * Christoph von Schmid , writer during the 18th and 19th centuries, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1768. * Friedrich von Hermann , an economist and statistician, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1795. * Stefan Reuter , football world champion in 1990, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1966. * Architect of Dissonance, brutal death metal band founded in 2011. * Georg Schulz (1896–1956), painter, member of Landtag * Georg D. Heidingsfelder (1899–1967), journalist and opponent to NSDAP * Jürgen Ludwig (born 1970), Landrat of district Ansbach

GALLERY

*

Wörnitz gate *

Saint George
Saint George
’s Minster *

St. George's Minster interior *

Market place with "Deutsches Haus" (3rd from right) *

Weinmarkt *

Segringen gate *

Segringen street *

Rothenburg gate *

Dr.-Martin-Luther street *

Nördlingen
Nördlingen
street *

Nördlingen
Nördlingen
gate *

St. Paul's church

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

* ^ http://www.dinkelsbuehl.de/ISY/index.php?get=225 * ^ A B One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dinkelsbühl". Encyclopædia Britannica . 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 277. * ^ http://www.dinkelsbuehl.de/ISY/mlib/media/DIN_Streuprospekt_GB.pdf?mediatrace=.383.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DINKELSBüHL .

* v * t * e

Swabian League (1488–1534) of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

IMPERIAL CITIES

* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Dinkelsbühl * Donauwörth
Donauwörth
* Esslingen * Giengen * Heilbronn * Isny * Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren
* Kempten * Leutkirch * Lindau * Memmingen * Nördlingen
Nördlingen
* Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg
Ravensburg
* Reutlingen * Schwäbisch Gmünd
Schwäbisch Gmünd
* Schwäbisch Hall * Überlingen
Überlingen
* Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Wimpfen

NOBILITY St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)

TERRITORIES

* Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
* Baden * Bavaria
Bavaria
* Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Palatinate * Hesse * Mainz
Mainz
* Trier * Württemberg

* v * t * e

Swabian Circle (1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

ECCLESIASTICAL

* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Constance * Ellwangen * Kempten * Lindau

SECULAR

* Baden * Buchau * Heiligenberg * Hohenzollern-Hechingen * Klettgau
Klettgau
* Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
* Tengen

* Waldburg
Waldburg

* Scheer * Trauchburg * Waldsee * Wolfegg * Wurzach * Zeil

* Württemberg

PRELATES

* Baindt * Buchau * Elchingen * Gengenbach * Gutenzell * Heggbach * Irsee * Kaisheim * Mainau * Marchtal * Neresheim * Ochsenhausen * Petershausen * Roggenburg * Rot * Rottenmünster * Salmanweiler * St. George\'s in Isny * Schussenried * Söflingen * Ursberg * Weingarten * Weißenau * Wettenhausen * Zwiefalten

Counts Lords

* Altshausen * Baar * Bondorf * Eberstein * Eglingen * Eglofs

* Fugger
Fugger

* Jakob * Johann * Markus

* Gundelfingen * Gutenstein * Hausen * Heiligenberg * Hohenems * Hohengeroldseck * Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Justingen * Kinzigerthal * Königsegg and Aulendorf * Lustenau * Meßkirch * Mindelheim / Schwabegg * Oberdischingen

* Öttingen

* Baldern * Öttingen * Wallerstein

* Rechberg * Rothenfels and Stauffen * Stühlingen
Stühlingen
and Hohenhöwen * Tettnang / Langenargen * Thannhausen * Wiesensteig

CITIES

* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Buchau * Buchhorn * Dinkelsbühl * Eßlingen * Gengenbach * Giengen * Heilbronn * Isny * Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren
* Kempten * Leutkirch * Lindau * Memmingen * Nördlingen
Nördlingen
* Offenburg * Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg
Ravensburg
* Reutlingen * Rottweil
Rottweil
* Schwäbisch Gmünd
Schwäbisch Gmünd
* Schwäbisch Hall * Überlingen
Überlingen
* Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Wimpfen * Zell

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian , SWABIAN, Upper Rhenish , Lower Rhenish–Westphalian , Franconian , (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian , Burgundian , Upper Saxon , Electoral Rhenish · Unencircled territories

* v * t * e

Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

BY 1792

* Aachen
Aachen
* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Bremen
Bremen
H * Buchau * Buchhorn * Cologne
Cologne
H * Dinkelsbühl * Dortmund
Dortmund
H * Eßlingen * Frankfurt * Friedberg * Gengenbach * Giengen * Goslar H * Hamburg
Hamburg
H * Heilbronn * Isny * Kaufbeuren
Kaufbeuren
* Kempten * Kessenich * Leutkirch * Lindau * Lübeck H * Memmingen * Mühlhausen * Mülhausen D, S * Nordhausen
Nordhausen
* Nördlingen
Nördlingen
* Nuremberg * Offenburg * Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg
Ravensburg
* Regensburg
Regensburg
* Reutlingen * Rothenburg * Rottweil
Rottweil
S * Schwäbisch Gmünd
Schwäbisch Gmünd
* Schwäbisch Hall * Schweinfurt * Speyer
Speyer
* Überlingen
Überlingen
* Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Weißenburg in Bayern * Wetzlar
Wetzlar
* Wimpfen * Windsheim * Worms * Zell

Free Imperial Cities as of 1648

LOST IMPERIAL IMMEDIACY OR NO LONGER PART OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE BY 1792

* Basel
Basel
S * Bern S * Besançon * Brakel * Cambrai
Cambrai
* Diessenhofen
Diessenhofen
* Donauwörth
Donauwörth
* Duisburg
Duisburg
* Düren
Düren
* Gelnhausen * Hagenau D * Herford
Herford
* Kaysersberg D * Kolmar D * Konstanz
Konstanz
* Landau
Landau
D * Lemgo * Lucerne
Lucerne
S * Mainz
Mainz
* Metz
Metz
* Munster D * Obernai D * Pfeddersheim * Rheinfelden * Rosheim D * St. Gallen
St. Gallen
S * Sarrebourg * Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
S * Schmalkalden
Schmalkalden
* Schlettstadt D * Soest H * Solothurn S * Straßburg * Toul * Turckheim D * Verden * Verdun
Verdun
* Warburg
Warburg
* Weißenburg in Elsaß D * Zürich S

* D Member of the Décapole * H Member of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
* S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy

* v * t * e

Towns and municipalities in Ansbach
Ansbach

* Adelshofen * Arberg
Arberg
* Aurach * Bechhofen
Bechhofen
* Bruckberg * Buch am Wald
Buch am Wald
* Burgoberbach
Burgoberbach
* Burk * Colmberg
Colmberg
* Dentlein * Diebach
Diebach
* Dietenhofen
Dietenhofen
* Dinkelsbühl * Dombühl * Dürrwangen
Dürrwangen
* Ehingen * Feuchtwangen * Flachslanden
Flachslanden
* Gebsattel
Gebsattel
* Gerolfingen
Gerolfingen
* Geslau
Geslau
* Großhaslach
Großhaslach
* Heilsbronn * Herrieden
Herrieden
* Insingen
Insingen
* Langfurth * Lehrberg
Lehrberg
* Leutershausen * Lichtenau * Merkendorf * Mitteleschenbach
Mitteleschenbach
* Mönchsroth * Neuendettelsau
Neuendettelsau
* Neusitz * Oberdachstetten * Ohrenbach * Ornbau
Ornbau
* Petersaurach * Röckingen * Rothenburg ob der Tauber
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
* Rügland
Rügland
* Sachsen * Schillingsfürst
Schillingsfürst
* Schnelldorf
Schnelldorf
* Schopfloch * Steinsfeld * Unterschwaningen * Wassertrüdingen
Wassertrüdingen
* Weidenbach * Weihenzell * Weiltingen * Wettringen * Wieseth * Wilburgstetten
Wilburgstetten
* Windelsbach
Windelsbach
* Windsbach * Wittelshofen * Wolframs-Eschenbach * Wörnitz

* v * t * e

Displaced persons camps in post-World War II Europe

Sites in the American zone

GERMANY

* Ainring * Altenstadt * Amberg
Amberg
* Ansbach
Ansbach
* Aschaffenburg * Augsburg
Augsburg
* Babenhausen * Bad Aibling * Bad Hersfeld * Bad Mergentheim
Bad Mergentheim
* Bad Reichenhall * Bad Wörishofen * Bamberg
Bamberg
* Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Bensheim * Berlin-Düppel * Berlin- Mariendorf * Cornberg * Deggendorf * Dinkelsbühl * Eschwege
Eschwege
* Feldafing * Föhrenwald * Frankfurt- Zeilsheim * Fürth
Fürth
* Gabersee * Heidenheim * Heilbronn * Hersbruck * K. Indersdorf * Lampertheim * Landsberg * Leipheim
Leipheim
* Lindenfels * München Neu Freimann * Mittenwald
Mittenwald
* Passau
Passau
* Pocking * Regensburg
Regensburg
* Schauenstein * Stuttgart
Stuttgart
* Trutzhain * Wetzlar
Wetzlar
* Wildflecken * Ziegenhain

AUSTRIA

* Ansfelden * Bad Gastein * Braunau am Inn * Ebensee * Hallein * Innsbruck
Innsbruck
* Linz-Bindermichel * Ried im Innkreis * Rothschild Hospital * Saalfelden * Salzburg
Salzburg
* Strobl
Strobl

Sites in the British zone

GERMANY

* Aachen
Aachen
* Bergen-Belsen * Bocholt * Bochum
Bochum
* Braunschweig
Braunschweig
* Bremen
Bremen
* Detmold
Detmold
* Düsseldorf * Eckernförde
Eckernförde
* Emden
Emden
* Emslandlager * Flensburg
Flensburg
* Gladbeck * Goslar * Göttingen
Göttingen
* Greven * Gronau * Hamelin
Hamelin
* Hanover
Hanover
* Hann. Münden
Hann. Münden
* Hildesheim
Hildesheim
* Itzehoe * Kiel
Kiel
* Lingen * Lippstadt
Lippstadt
* Lübeck * Meppen * Minden * Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
* Mülheim * Paderborn
Paderborn
* Peine * Pinneberg * Remscheid
Remscheid
* Rendsburg
Rendsburg
* Solingen
Solingen

AUSTRIA

* Admont * Judenburg * Kapfenberg * Klagenfurt * Leibnitz * Lienz-Peggetz * Trofaiach

SITES IN ITALY

* Bagnoli * Bari Transit * Cinecittà
Cinecittà
* Cremona
Cremona
* Milan * Adriatica * Fermo * Rivoli * Santa Maria di Leuca * Santa Maria di Bagni * Tricase * Turin
Turin

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 139577953 * GND : 4012358-3 * BNF : cb119735

.