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DINKELSBüHL is a historic town in Central Franconia
Franconia
, a region of Germany
Germany
that is now part of the state of Bavaria , in southern Germany. Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
is a former Free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire . In local government terms, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
lies near the western edge of the Landkreis (or local government district) of district of Ansbach
Ansbach
, north of Aalen
Aalen
.

Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
lies on the northern part of the Romantic Road
Romantic Road
, and is one of three particularly striking historic towns on the northern part of the route, the others being Rothenburg ob der Tauber and Nördlingen .

The town lies on the southern edge of the Franconian Heights and on the River Wörnitz , which rises in the town of Schillingsfürst
Schillingsfürst
. The population in 2013 was 11,315

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Reformation * 1.2 Thirty Years War * 1.3 The World Wars * 1.4 Present day

* 2 Main sights * 3 People from Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
* 4 Gallery * 5 References

HISTORY

Bi-confessional Imperial City of Dinkelsbühl

Paritätische Reichsstadt Dinkelsbühl

Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire

1351–1802

CAPITAL Dinkelsbühl

GOVERNMENT Republic

HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages

• City founded before 1083

• Gained Reichsfreiheit
Reichsfreiheit
1351

• Peace of Augsburg 25 September 1555

• Thirty Years' War 1618–48

• Peace of Westphalia 1648

• Mediatised to Bavaria 1802

PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY

Duchy of Franconia
Franconia

Electorate of Bavaria

Fortified by Emperor Henry V , in 1305 Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
received the same municipal rights as Ulm
Ulm
, and in 1351 was raised to the position of a Free Imperial City . Its municipal code, the Dinkelsbühler Recht, published in 1536, and revised in 1738, contained a very extensive collection of public and private laws.

REFORMATION

During the Protestant Reformation , Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
was notable for being – eventually along only with Ravensburg , Augsburg
Augsburg
and Biberach an der Riß — a Bi-confessional (i.e. roughly equal numbers of Roman Catholics and Protestant
Protestant
citizens, with equal rights) Imperial City (German : Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant
Protestant
civic officials. This status ended in 1802, when these cities were annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria .

Around 1534 the majority of the population of Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
became Protestant.

THIRTY YEARS WAR

Every summer Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
celebrates the city's surrender to Swedish Troops in 1632 during the Thirty Years\' War . This reenactment is played out by many of the town's residents. It features an array of Swedish troops attacking the city gate and children dressed in traditional garb coming to witness the event. Paper cones full of chocolate and candy are given as gifts to children. This historical event is called the "Kinderzeche " and can in some aspects be compared with the "Meistertrunk" in Rothenburg. The name is derived from the two German words for "child" and "the bill for food and drink in an inn", and is called such because of the legend that a child saved the town from massacre by the Swedish Troops during the surrender. The legend tells that when the Swedish army besieged the town, a teenage girl took the children to the Swedish general to beg for mercy. The Swedish general had recently lost his young son to illness, and a boy who approached him so closely resembled his own son that he decided to spare the town.

THE WORLD WARS

Remarkably, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
remained totally unscathed, except for a broken window in St. George's Minster.

PRESENT DAY

The film The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962) was filmed on location in Dinkelsbühl.

MAIN SIGHTS

Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
is still surrounded by the old medieval walls and towers. There exist a lot of outstanding attractions. The image of this town is very typical for a German town of the 15th to early 17th century.

* ST. GEORGE\'S MINSTER is a beautiful masterpiece in the Gothic style of the late 15th century ( by Nikolaus Eseler ). It is the largest "hall church" (one built without aisles) in the country. * ST. PAUL\'S, now a Protestant
Protestant
church, was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the far late Roman architectural style. It was originally part of a monastery. * The CASTLE OF THE TEUTONIC ORDER has a rococo chapel. * The so-called DEUTSCHES HAUS is the ancestral home of the Counts of Drechsel-Deufstetten. It is a fine specimen of the German renaissance style of wooden architecture. * Situated in front of the Minster is a monument to Christoph von Schmid (1768–1854), a 19th-century writer of stories for the young. * MUSEUM OF THE 3RD DIMENSION is housed in the former city mill. * The MUSEUM OF HISTORY shows historical discoveries found within Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
and also has reconstructions of the ancient houses of the city. Since 2008, the museum has had a new domicile in the so-called "Steinerne Haus" from the 14th century. The official name is now: "house of history". While many of the artifacts are the same, the presentation is completely new. * The church of ST. VINCENT, which is 2 km outside the city. * The Summer Breeze Open Air heavy metal festival has been held in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
since 2007.

PEOPLE FROM DINKELSBüHL

* Nikolaus von Dinkelsbühl , A theologian during the 14th and 15th centuries. * Christoph von Schmid , writer during the 18th and 19th centuries, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1768. * Friedrich von Hermann , an economist and statistician, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1795. * Stefan Reuter , football world champion in 1990, was born in Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
in 1966. * Architect of Dissonance, brutal death metal band founded in 2011. * Georg Schulz (1896–1956), painter, member of Landtag * Georg D. Heidingsfelder (1899–1967), journalist and opponent to NSDAP * Jürgen Ludwig (born 1970), Landrat of district Ansbach

GALLERY

*

Wörnitz gate *

Saint George ’s Minster *

St. George's Minster interior *

Market place with "Deutsches Haus" (3rd from right) *

Weinmarkt *

Segringen gate *

Segringen street *

Rothenburg gate *

Dr.-Martin-Luther street *

Nördlingen street *

Nördlingen gate *

St. Paul's church

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

* ^ http://www.dinkelsbuehl.de/ISY/index.php?get=225 * ^ A B One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dinkelsbühl". Encyclopædia Britannica . 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 277. * ^ http://www.dinkelsbuehl.de/ISY/mlib/media/DIN_Streuprospekt_GB.pdf?mediatrace=.383.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DINKELSBüHL .

* v * t * e

Swabian League (1488–1534) of the Holy Roman Empire

IMPERIAL CITIES

* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Dinkelsbühl * Donauwörth * Esslingen * Giengen
Giengen
* Heilbronn
Heilbronn
* Isny * Kaufbeuren * Kempten * Leutkirch * Lindau
Lindau
* Memmingen
Memmingen
* Nördlingen * Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg * Reutlingen * Schwäbisch Gmünd * Schwäbisch Hall * Überlingen * Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Wimpfen

NOBILITY St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)

TERRITORIES

* Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
* Baden * Bavaria * Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Palatinate * Hesse * Mainz
Mainz
* Trier * Württemberg

* v * t * e

Swabian Circle
Swabian Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

ECCLESIASTICAL

* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Constance * Ellwangen * Kempten * Lindau
Lindau

SECULAR

* Baden * Buchau * Heiligenberg
Heiligenberg
* Hohenzollern-Hechingen * Klettgau
Klettgau
* Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
* Tengen

* Waldburg
Waldburg

* Scheer * Trauchburg * Waldsee * Wolfegg * Wurzach * Zeil

* Württemberg

PRELATES

* Baindt * Buchau * Elchingen * Gengenbach * Gutenzell * Heggbach * Irsee * Kaisheim * Mainau * Marchtal * Neresheim * Ochsenhausen * Petershausen * Roggenburg * Rot * Rottenmünster * Salmanweiler * St. George\'s in Isny * Schussenried * Söflingen * Ursberg * Weingarten * Weißenau * Wettenhausen * Zwiefalten

Counts Lords

* Altshausen * Baar * Bondorf
Bondorf
* Eberstein * Eglingen * Eglofs

* Fugger

* Jakob * Johann * Markus

* Gundelfingen * Gutenstein * Hausen * Heiligenberg
Heiligenberg
* Hohenems
Hohenems
* Hohengeroldseck
Hohengeroldseck
* Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Justingen * Kinzigerthal * Königsegg and Aulendorf * Lustenau * Meßkirch
Meßkirch
* Mindelheim
Mindelheim
/ Schwabegg * Oberdischingen
Oberdischingen

* Öttingen

* Baldern * Öttingen * Wallerstein

* Rechberg * Rothenfels and Stauffen * Stühlingen and Hohenhöwen * Tettnang
Tettnang
/ Langenargen * Thannhausen * Wiesensteig

CITIES

* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Buchau * Buchhorn * Dinkelsbühl * Eßlingen * Gengenbach * Giengen
Giengen
* Heilbronn
Heilbronn
* Isny * Kaufbeuren * Kempten * Leutkirch * Lindau
Lindau
* Memmingen
Memmingen
* Nördlingen * Offenburg * Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg * Reutlingen * Rottweil * Schwäbisch Gmünd * Schwäbisch Hall * Überlingen * Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Wimpfen * Zell

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian , SWABIAN, Upper Rhenish , Lower Rhenish–Westphalian , Franconian , (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian , Burgundian , Upper Saxon , Electoral Rhenish · Unencircled territories

* v * t * e

Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire

BY 1792

* Aachen
Aachen
* Aalen
Aalen
* Augsburg
Augsburg
* Biberach * Bopfingen * Bremen
Bremen
H * Buchau * Buchhorn * Cologne
Cologne
H * Dinkelsbühl * Dortmund
Dortmund
H * Eßlingen * Frankfurt * Friedberg * Gengenbach * Giengen
Giengen
* Goslar
Goslar
H * Hamburg
Hamburg
H * Heilbronn
Heilbronn
* Isny * Kaufbeuren * Kempten * Kessenich * Leutkirch * Lindau
Lindau
* Lübeck
Lübeck
H * Memmingen
Memmingen
* Mühlhausen
Mühlhausen
* Mülhausen D, S * Nordhausen
Nordhausen
* Nördlingen * Nuremberg * Offenburg * Pfullendorf
Pfullendorf
* Ravensburg * Regensburg
Regensburg
* Reutlingen * Rothenburg * Rottweil S * Schwäbisch Gmünd * Schwäbisch Hall * Schweinfurt
Schweinfurt
* Speyer
Speyer
* Überlingen * Ulm
Ulm
* Wangen * Weil * Weißenburg in Bayern
Weißenburg in Bayern
* Wetzlar * Wimpfen * Windsheim * Worms * Zell

Free Imperial Cities as of 1648

LOST IMPERIAL IMMEDIACY OR NO LONGER PART OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE BY 1792

* Basel
Basel
S * Bern S * Besançon * Brakel * Cambrai
Cambrai
* Diessenhofen * Donauwörth * Duisburg
Duisburg
* Düren
Düren
* Gelnhausen
Gelnhausen
* Hagenau D * Herford
Herford
* Kaysersberg
Kaysersberg
D * Kolmar D * Konstanz
Konstanz
* Landau
Landau
D * Lemgo * Lucerne S * Mainz
Mainz
* Metz
Metz
* Munster D * Obernai D * Pfeddersheim * Rheinfelden * Rosheim D * St. Gallen S * Sarrebourg * Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
S * Schmalkalden * Schlettstadt D * Soest H * Solothurn S * Straßburg * Toul * Turckheim D * Verden * Verdun
Verdun
* Warburg * Weißenburg in Elsaß D * Zürich S

* D Member of the Décapole
Décapole
* H Member of the Hanseatic League * S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy

* v * t * e

Towns and municipalities in Ansbach
Ansbach

* Adelshofen * Arberg
Arberg
* Aurach * Bechhofen * Bruckberg * Buch am Wald * Burgoberbach * Burk * Colmberg * Dentlein * Diebach * Dietenhofen
Dietenhofen
* Dinkelsbühl * Dombühl * Dürrwangen * Ehingen * Feuchtwangen * Flachslanden
Flachslanden
* Gebsattel * Gerolfingen * Geslau * Großhaslach * Heilsbronn * Herrieden
Herrieden
* Insingen * Langfurth * Lehrberg * Leutershausen
Leutershausen
* Lichtenau * Merkendorf * Mitteleschenbach * Mönchsroth * Neuendettelsau * Neusitz * Oberdachstetten * Ohrenbach * Ornbau * Petersaurach * Röckingen * Rothenburg ob der Tauber * Rügland * Sachsen * Schillingsfürst
Schillingsfürst
* Schnelldorf * Schopfloch * Steinsfeld * Unterschwaningen
Unterschwaningen
* Wassertrüdingen * Weidenbach * Weihenzell
Weihenzell
* Weiltingen * Wettringen * Wieseth * Wilburgstetten * Windelsbach * Windsbach * Wittelshofen * Wolframs-Eschenbach
Wolframs-Eschenbach
* Wörnitz

* v * t * e

Displaced persons camps in post-World War II Europe

Sites in the American zone

GERMANY

* Ainring * Altenstadt * Amberg * Ansbach
Ansbach
* Aschaffenburg * Augsburg
Augsburg
* Babenhausen * Bad Aibling
Bad Aibling
* Bad Hersfeld * Bad Mergentheim * Bad Reichenhall * Bad Wörishofen
Bad Wörishofen
* Bamberg
Bamberg
* Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Bensheim
Bensheim
* Berlin-Düppel * Berlin- Mariendorf
Mariendorf
* Cornberg
Cornberg
* Deggendorf * Dinkelsbühl * Eschwege * Feldafing * Föhrenwald * Frankfurt- Zeilsheim * Fürth
Fürth
* Gabersee * Heidenheim * Heilbronn
Heilbronn
* Hersbruck
Hersbruck
* K. Indersdorf * Lampertheim
Lampertheim
* Landsberg * Leipheim * Lindenfels
Lindenfels
* München Neu Freimann * Mittenwald * Passau * Pocking
Pocking
* Regensburg
Regensburg
* Schauenstein * Stuttgart
Stuttgart
* Trutzhain * Wetzlar * Wildflecken * Ziegenhain

AUSTRIA

* Ansfelden * Bad Gastein * Braunau am Inn * Ebensee * Hallein
Hallein
* Innsbruck
Innsbruck
* Linz-Bindermichel * Ried im Innkreis * Rothschild Hospital * Saalfelden * Salzburg
Salzburg
* Strobl

Sites in the British zone

GERMANY

* Aachen
Aachen
* Bergen-Belsen * Bocholt * Bochum
Bochum
* Braunschweig
Braunschweig
* Bremen
Bremen
* Detmold
Detmold
* Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
* Eckernförde * Emden
Emden
* Emslandlager * Flensburg
Flensburg
* Gladbeck * Goslar
Goslar
* Göttingen
Göttingen
* Greven * Gronau * Hamelin * Hanover
Hanover
* Hann. Münden * Hildesheim
Hildesheim
* Itzehoe * Kiel
Kiel
* Lingen * Lippstadt
Lippstadt
* Lübeck
Lübeck
* Meppen
Meppen
* Minden
Minden
* Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
* Mülheim * Paderborn
Paderborn
* Peine
Peine
* Pinneberg * Remscheid
Remscheid
* Rendsburg * Solingen
Solingen

AUSTRIA

* Admont * Judenburg * Kapfenberg * Klagenfurt * Leibnitz * Lienz-Peggetz * Trofaiach

SITES IN ITALY

* Bagnoli * Bari
Bari
Transit * Cinecittà
Cinecittà
* Cremona
Cremona
* Milan * Adriatica * Fermo * Rivoli * Santa Maria di Leuca
Santa Maria di Leuca
* Santa Maria di Bagni * Tricase * Turin

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 139577953 * GND : 4012358-3 * BNF : cb11973549r (data)

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Dinkelsbühl
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