The DINARIC RACE, also known as the ADRIATIC RACE, were terms used by
certain physical anthropologists in the early to mid-20th century
to describe the perceived predominant phenotype of the contemporary
ethnic groups of Central and
* 1 History and physiognomy * 2 Origin and distribution * 3 "Noric" subtype * 4 References * 5 Sources * 6 External links
HISTORY AND PHYSIOGNOMY
The concept of a
Dinaric race originated with
"The Dinaric type is characterized by quite light skin, dark hair from dark brown to dark blonde, and a wide range of eye color; tall stature, a brachycephalic skull, long face, a very narrow and prominent nose, sometimes aquiline; a slender body type, and very big feet."
Characteristics were defined as very tall, mostly mesomorph bodily build , with relatively long legs and short trunk and a long arm span. The overall anatomy of the head was said to be brachycephalic to hyperbrachycephalic (Cranial index: 81–86), i.e. a combination of high breadth of head and medium length of the neurocranium , whose back part is often somewhat flattened (planoccipital).
The type has been described as follows:
The vertical height of the cranium is high. Eyes are set relatively close and the surrounding tissue defines them as wide open. The iris is most often brown, with a significant percentage of light pigmentation in the Dinaric population. The nose is large, narrow and convex. The face is long and orthognathic, with a prominent chin, and also wide. The form of the forehead is variable, but not rarely it is bulbous. The hair color is usually dark brown , with black-haired and blond individuals in minority, blondness being the characteristic of the more Central European, morphologically similar Noric race (a race intermediate between Nordic and Dinaric races). The skin is lacking the rosy color characteristic for Northern Europe as well as the relatively brunet pigmentation characteristic for the southernmost Europe and on a geographical plane it is of medium pigmentation and often it is variable.
ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION
Several theories were advanced regarding the genesis of the Dinaric
race. Most researchers agreed that this race was autochthonous to its
present habitat from the
Coon also argued, however, in The Origin of Races (1962), that the Dinaric and some other categories "are not races but simply the visible expressions of the genetic variability of the intermarrying groups to which they belong."
He referred to the creation of this distinctive phenotype from the
mixing of earlier separate groups as "dinaricisation". In his view
Dinarics were a specific type that arose from ancient mixes of the
According to the Dinaric model, Dinarics were to be found mainly in
the mountainous areas of Southeast Europe:
The NORIC RACE (German : Norische Rasse) was a racial category
proposed by the anthropologist Victor Lebzelter . The "Noric race" was
supposed to be a lighter sub-type of the Dinaric race. The term
Norics were characterized by tall stature, brachycephaly , nasal convexity, long face and broad forehead. Their complexion was said to be light, and blondness combined with light eyes to be their anthropologic characteristic.
* ^ Anne Maxwell (2010). Picture Imperfect: Photography and
Eugenics, 1870-1940. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-84519-415-4 .
* ^ Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban (2006). Race and Racism: An Introduction.
Rowman Altamira. pp. 132–. ISBN 978-0-7591-0795-3 .
* ^ Coon 1939 .
Renato Biasutti on Caucasoid Subraces Archived May 11, 2012, at
* Coon, Carleton Stevens (1939). The Races of Europe.