Dinan
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Dinan (; ) is a walled Brittany, Breton town and a commune in France, commune in the Côtes-d'Armor Departments of France, department in northwestern France. On 1 January 2018, the former commune of Léhon was merged into Dinan.


Geography

Its geographical setting is exceptional. Instead of nestling on the valley floor like Morlaix, most urban development has been on the hillside, overlooking the river Rance River, Rance. The area alongside the River Rance is known as the port of Dinan and is connected to the town by the steep streets Rue Jerzual and its continuation outside the walls the Rue de Petit Fort. This river has moderate turbidity and its brownish water is somewhat low in velocity due to the slight gradient of the watercourse; pH levels have been measured at 8.13 within the city of Dinan and electrical conductivity of the waters have tested at 33 micro-siemens per centimetre. In the centre of Dinan the Rance summer flows are typically in the range of . For many years, the bridge over the Rance River, River Rance at Dinan was the most northerly crossing point on the river, but the Rance tidal power plant, tidal power station at the mouth of the estuary, constructed in the 1960s downstream from Dinan, incorporates a 750-metre long tidal barrage which doubles as a crossing point nearer to the sea.


Population

Inhabitants of Dinan are called ''dinannais'' and ''dinannaises''.


Attractions

The medieval town on the hilltop has many fine old buildings, some of which date from the 13th century. The town retains a large section of the city walls, part of which can be walked round. Major historical attractions include the Jacobins Theatre dating from 1224, the flamboyant Gothic St Malo's Church, the Romanesque architecture, Romanesque St Saviour's Basilica, Duchess Anne's Tower and the Château de Dinan. A major highlight in the calendar is Dinan's Fête des Remparts. The town is transformed with decoration and many locals dress up in medieval garb for this two-day festival. The festival takes place over the third weekend in July every even-numbered year.


Breton language

In 2008, 4.97% of primary school children attended bilingual schools. ''Ofis ar Brezhoneg''
''Enseignement bilingue''
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Personalities

Prominent people born in Dinan include: * Charles Beslay (1795–1878), member of the Council of the Paris Commune * Théodore Botrel (1868–1925), poet and singer * Maurice Colbourne (1939–1989), actor * Yves Guyot (1843–1928), politician and economist * Myrdhin (1950– ), real name Rémi Chauvet, harpist and poet * Auguste Pavie (1847–1925), explorer and diplomat * Charles Pinot Duclos (1704–1772), author * Pierre de Porcaro (1904–1945), Catholic priest and prisoner-of-war * Jean Rochefort (1930–2017 ), actor * Da Silva (1976–), singer *Yann Benoist, musician,(1951–) Other people associated with Dinan include: * François-René de Chateaubriand (1768–1848), writer, studied in Dinan * Bertrand du Guesclin (c1320-80), connétable of France. Born at nearby Broons. His heart is buried in Dinan. * John Everett Millais (1829–96), British painter who lived in Dinan as a child * Yvonne Jean-Haffen (1895–1993), painter, died in Dinan * Danielle Mitterrand (1924–2011), wife of President François Mitterrand, educated at the Roger Vercel college * Colonel Robert Jambon (1924/5-2011), soldier in the First Indochina War, died in Dinan *Mathurin Eugène Monier (1901-1974), historian and author of a number of major books on the history of Dinan * Jean-François Paillard (1928– ), conductor, educated at the Cordeliers de Dinan * Henri Pinault (1904–1987), Catholic Bishop of Chengdu, educated at the Cordeliers de Dinan * René Pleven, (1901–1993), politician, minister, essayist. The hospital in Dinan is named after him. * Horace Tuck (1876–1951), English painter, visited Dinan for its picturesque vistas * Roger Vercel (1894–1957), writer, winner of the Prix Goncourt in 1934, died in Dinan. A college in the town is named after him. * Edward Matthew Ward (1816–1879), English artist who painted views of Dinan *The Soft Boys, (1983–present), Boyband, Fashionistas


Gallery

File:Dinan_hill_05-08-03.jpg, The Rue du Jerzual is a steep medieval street connecting Dinan to the river below. File:Du Guesclin Dinan.jpg, Statue of Bertrand Du Guesclin. File:Bretagne Armor Dinan6 tango7174.jpg, Saint Saviour's Basilica,
The main altar. File:Bretagne Armor Dinan3 tango7174.jpg, Saint Malo's Church,
Font carried by the Demon. File:Bretagne Armor Dinan4 tango7174.jpg, Saint Malo's Church,
Entrance of Anne of Brittany. File:Bretagne Armor Dinan5 tango7174.jpg, Saint Malo's Church,
Transfer of Saint Malo's relics.


International relations

Dinan is Twin towns and sister cities, twinned with: * Dinant, Belgium * Exmouth, United Kingdom * Lugo, Spain


See also

* Communes of the Côtes-d'Armor department


References


External links

*
Town council website

Dinan Basilica Image
* {{Authority control Dinan, Communes of Côtes-d'Armor Subprefectures in France Fortified settlements Côtes-d'Armor communes articles needing translation from French Wikipedia