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Ascomycota Basidiomycota

Synonyms[1]

Carpomycetaceae Bessey (1907) Neomycota Caval.-Sm. (1998)

Dikarya is a subkingdom of Fungi that includes the divisions Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, both of which in general produce dikaryons, may be filamentous or unicellular, but are always without flagella. The Dikarya are most of the so-called "higher fungi", but also include many anamorphic species that would have been classified as molds in historical literature.[1] Phylogenetically the two divisions regularly group together.[2][3] In a 1998 publication, Thomas Cavalier-Smith referred to this group as the Neomycota.[4]

Contents

1 Phylogeny 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Phylogeny[edit]

Unikonta  

Amoebozoa

  Opisthokonta  

Holozoa

  

Animalia

Choanozoa

  Holomycota

Nucleariids

  Fungi

Microsporidia

Chytridiomycota

Neocallimastigomycota

Blastocladiomycota

Zoopagomycotina

Kickxellomycotina

Entomophthoromycotina

Mucoromycotina

Glomeromycota

  Dikarya  

Ascomycota

Basidiomycota

Phylogeny of the Dikarya and upper-level taxa in Kingdom Fungi.[1]

The 2007 classification of Kingdom Fungi is the result of a large-scale collaborative research effort involving dozens of mycologists and other scientists working on fungal taxonomy.[1] It recognizes seven divisions within the Fungi, two of which—the Ascomycota and the Basidiomycota—are contained within a branch representing subkingdom Dikarya. The cladogram depicts the major fungal taxa and their relationship to opisthokont and unikont organisms. The lengths of the branches in this tree are not proportional to evolutionary distances.

See also[edit]

Fungi portal

List of fungal orders

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Hibbett, D.S.; et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–47. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334.  ^ Lutzoni, F.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1446–80. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446. PMID 21652303.  ^ James, T.Y.; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny" (PDF). Nature. 443 (7113): 818–22. doi:10.1038/nature05110. PMID 17051209. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-11.  ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews. 73 (3): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. 

External links[edit]

AFTOL classification at Dave Hibbett's site

v t e

Opisthokont: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta

Animal Fungi)

Dikarya

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

Pezizomycotina

Leotiomyceta

Dothideomyceta

Coniocybomycetes Lichinomycetes Arthoniomycetes Dothideomycetes Eurotiomycetes Lecanoromycetes

Sordariomyceta

Xylonomycetes Geoglossomycetes Leotiomycetes Laboulbeniomycetes Sordariomycetes

Other

Orbiliomycetes Pezizomycetes

Saccharomycotina

Saccharomycetes

Taphrinomycotina

Archaeorhizomycetes Neolectomycetes Pneumocystidomycetes Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota (with basidia)

Pucciniomycotina

Tritirachiomycetes Mixiomycetes Agaricostilbomycetes Cystobasidiomycetes Microbotryomycetes Classiculomycetes Cryptomycocolacomycetes Atractiellomycetes Pucciniomycetes

Ustilaginomycotina

Monilielliomycetes Malasseziomycetes Ustilaginomycetes Exobasidiomycetes

Agaricomycotina

Hymenomycete

Dacrymycetales Agaricomycetes

Other

Wallemiomycetes Bartheletiomycetes Tremellomycetes

Entorrhizomycota

Entorrhizomycetes

Glomeromycota

Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota (paraphyletic)

Mucoromycotina

Mortierellomycetes Mucoromycetes

Kickxellomycotina

Zoopagomycetes Kickxellomycetes

Entomophthoromycotina

Neozygitomycetes Basidiobolomycetes Entomophthoromycetes

Zoosporic fungi (paraphyletic)

Olpidiomycota

Olpidiomycetes

Blastocladiomycota

Blastocladiomycetes

Chytridiomycota

Neocallimastigomycetes Hyaloraphidiomycetes Monoblepharidomycetes Chytridiomycetes

Fungal phyla are underlined. See also: fungi imperfecti (polyphyletic group).

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q755714 EoL: 10594877 ITIS: 936287 MycoBank: 501463