DIALECTICAL LOGIC is the system of laws of thought, developed within the Hegelian and Marxist traditions, which seeks to supplement or replace the laws of formal logic . The precise nature of the relation between dialectical and formal logic was hotly debated within the Soviet Union and China.
Contrasting with the abstract formalism of traditional logic, dialectical logic in the Marxist sense was developed as the logic of motion and change and used to examine concrete forms. It is a materialist approach to logic, drawing on the objective, material world.
Stalin argued in his
The main consensus among dialecticians is that dialectics do not violate the law of contradiction of formal logic, although attempts have been made to create a paraconsistent logic .
Some Soviet philosophers argued that the materialist dialectic could be seen in the mathematical logic of Bertrand Russell; however, this was criticized by Deborin and the Deborinists as panlogicism.
Evald Ilyenkov held that logic was not a formal science but a
reflection of scientific praxis, and that the rules of logic are not
independent of the content. He followed Hegel in insisting that formal
logic had been sublated , arguing that logic needed to be a unity of
form and content and to state actual truths about the objective world.
During the Sino-Soviet split, dialectical logic was used in China as
a symbol of Marxism–
* ^ Introduction to Dialectical Logic.
* ^ Soviet Marxism: A Critical Analysis.
* ^ Dialectics: A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of
* ^ Soviet