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Main article: Maldivian writing systems The last version of the Maldivian script used after the conversion of people to Islam around the 1700s. Standard Indic order. This table is provided as a reference for the position of the letters on the table.

DIVEHI AKURU or Dhives Akuru
Dhives Akuru
(island letters) is a script formerly used to write the Maldivian language
Maldivian language
. This script was called "Dives Akuru" by H. C. P. Bell who studied Maldive epigraphy when he retired from the British government service in Colombo and wrote an extensive monography on the archaeology, history and epigraphy of the Maldive islands.

The Divehi Akuru developed from the Grantha script . The early form of this script was Dīvī Grantha which was named Evēla Akuru (ancient letters) by H. C. P. Bell in order to distinguish it from the more recent variants of the same script. The ancient form (Evela) can be seen in the loamaafaanu (copper plates) of the 12th and 13th centuries and in inscriptions on coral stone (hirigaa) dating back from the Maldive Buddhist period. Like the Sinhala script and most of the native scripts of India
India
, and unlike Thaana script , Dhives akuru descended ultimately from the Brahmi script and thus was written from left to right.

Divehi Akuru was still used in some atolls in the South Maldives as the main script around 70 years ago. Since then, the use is purely scholarly, or it's used by hobbyists. It can still be found on gravestones, and some monuments, including the stone base of the pillars supporting the main structure of the ancient friday mosque in Malé. H. C. P. Bell obtained an astrology book written in Divehi Akuru in Addu Atoll, in the south of Maldives, during one of his trips. This book is now kept in the National Archives of Sri Lanka in Colombo.

Bodufenvalhuge Sidi , an eminent Maldivian scholar, wrote a book called "Divehi Akuru" in 1959 prompted by then Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir, in order to clarify H. C. P. Bell's errors. However, Maldivian cultural associations have not paid much attention to Bodufenvalhuge Sidi's work and keep perpetuating those errors.

BRAHMIC SCRIPTS

The Brahmic script and its descendants

Northern Brahmic

* Gupta script
Gupta script

* Bhaiksuki alphabet * Tocharian alphabet * Khotanese

* Śāradā script

* Laṇḍā scripts

* Gurmukhī alphabet * Khojki * Khudabadi script * Multani alphabet * Mahajani

* Devāśeṣa

* Takri alphabet * Dogra

* Siddhaṃ script
Siddhaṃ script

* Tibetan alphabet
Tibetan alphabet

* \ 'Phags-pa script
'Phags-pa script
* Pungs-chen * Pungs-chung * Marchen * Marchung * Horizontal square script * Soyombo alphabet
Soyombo alphabet

* Lepcha alphabet
Lepcha alphabet

* Limbu alphabet

* Nāgarī script
Nāgarī script

* Devanagari
Devanagari

* Gujarati alphabet * Modi alphabet

* Nandinagari

* Kaithi

* Sylheti Nagari
Sylheti Nagari

* Kalinga alphabet

* Odia alphabet

* Gaudi

* Assamese-Bengali * Tirhuta
Tirhuta
* Bhujinmol * Newar * Ranjana alphabet
Ranjana alphabet

* Meithei script
Meithei script

Southern Brahmic

* Tamil-Brahmi
Tamil-Brahmi

* Vatteluttu alphabet
Vatteluttu alphabet

* Kolezhuthu

* Tamil script
Tamil script

* Grantha alphabet
Grantha alphabet

* Malayalam script
Malayalam script
* Tigalari alphabet * Sinhala alphabet

* Dhives Akuru
Dhives Akuru

* Thaana

* Saurashtra alphabet

* Khmer alphabet

* Lao alphabet * Thai alphabet
Thai alphabet

* Cham alphabet
Cham alphabet
* Ahom alphabet
Ahom alphabet

* Kawi script

* Balinese alphabet * Javanese script * Baybayin
Baybayin
* Batak alphabet
Batak alphabet
* Buhid alphabet * Hanunó\'o alphabet * Tagbanwa alphabet * Sundanese alphabet * Lontara alphabet * Makasar * Rejang alphabet
Rejang alphabet
* Old Mon script * Burmese script * Chakma alphabet

* Tai Tham alphabet

* New Tai Lue alphabet

* Tai Le alphabet * Tai Viet alphabet

* Bhattiprolu alphabet
Bhattiprolu alphabet

* Kadamba alphabet

* Kannada alphabet * Telugu script
Telugu script
* Pyu script

* v * t * e

REFERENCES

* Bell, H.C.P. Excerpta Maldiviana. Reprint 1922-1935 edn. New Delhi 1998. * Bell, H.C.P. The Maldive islands. Monograph on the History, Archaeology and Epigraphy. Reprint 1940 edn. Male' 1986. * Bodufenvahuge Sidi. Divehi Akuru; Evvana Bai. Male' 1958. * Divehi Bahuge Qawaaaid. Vols 1 to 5. Ministry of Education. Male' 1978. * Divehīnge Tarika. Divehīnge Bas. Divehibahāi Tārikhah Khidumaykurā Qaumī Majlis. Male’ 2000. * Geiger, Wilhelm . Maldivian Linguistic Studies. Reprint 1919 edn. Novelty Press. Male’ 1986. * Gunasena, Bandusekara. The Evolution of the Sinhalese Script. Godage Poth Mendura. Colombo 1999. * Romero-Frias, Xavier . The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999. * Sivaramamurti, C. Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum. Chennai 1999.

* السّيّد ބޮޑު ފެންވަޅުގޭ ސީދީ. "ދިވެހި އަކުރު -- އެއްވަނަ ބައި." (Assidi Bodu Fenvalhugey Seedee. Dhivehi akuru—e`vana ba`i = Dhivehi akuru—volume one). Primary title (not standardized by Unicode
Unicode
)

SEE ALSO

* Sinhala alphabet

* v * t * e

Types of writing systems

OVERVIEW

* History of writing
History of writing
* Grapheme
Grapheme

LISTS

* Writing systems

* undeciphered * inventors * constructed

* Languages by writing system / by first written accounts

TYPES

ABJADS

* Numerals

* Aramaic

* Hatran

* Arabic * Pitman shorthand
Pitman shorthand

* Hebrew

* Ashuri * Cursive * Rashi * Solitreo

* Tifinagh * Manichaean * Nabataean * Old North Arabian * Pahlavi * Pegon

* Phoenician

* Paleo-Hebrew

* Proto-Sinaitic * Psalter * Punic * Samaritan

* South Arabian

* Zabur * Musnad

* Sogdian

* Syriac

* ʾEsṭrangēlā * Serṭā * Maḏnḥāyā

* Teeline Shorthand * Ugaritic

ABUGIDAS

BRAHMIC

NORTHERN

* Asamiya (Ôxômiya) * Bānglā * Bhaikshuki * Bhujinmol * Brāhmī * Devanāgarī * Dogri * Gujarati * Gupta * Gurmukhī * Kaithi * Kalinga * Khojki * Khotanese * Khudawadi * Laṇḍā * Lepcha * Limbu * Mahajani * Meitei Mayek * Modi * Multani * Nāgarī * Nandinagari * Odia * \'Phags-pa * Newar * Ranjana * Sharada * Saurashtra * Siddhaṃ * Soyombo * Sylheti Nagari
Sylheti Nagari
* Takri

* Tibetan

* Uchen * Umê

* Tirhuta
Tirhuta
* Tocharian * Zanabazar Square

* Zhang-Zhung

* Drusha * Marchen * Marchung * Pungs-chen * Pungs-chung

SOUTHERN

* Ahom * Balinese * Batak * Baybayin
Baybayin
* Bhattiprolu * Buhid * Burmese * Chakma * Cham * Grantha * Goykanadi * Hanunó\'o * Javanese * Kadamba * Kannada * Kawi * Khmer * Kulitan * Lanna * Lao * Leke * Lontara * Malayalam

* Maldivian

* Dhives Akuru * Eveyla Akuru * Thaana

* Mon * Old Makassarese * Old Sundanese * Pallava * Pyu * Rejang * Rencong * Sinhala * Sundanese * Tagbanwa * Tai Le * Tai Tham * Tai Viet * Tamil * Telugu * Thai * Tigalari

* Vatteluttu

* Kolezhuthu * Malayanma

* Visayan

OTHERS

* Boyd\'s syllabic shorthand

* Canadian syllabics

* Blackfoot * Déné syllabics

* Fox I * Ge\'ez * Gunjala Gondi * Japanese Braille
Japanese Braille
* Jenticha * Kayah Li * Kharosthi
Kharosthi
* Mandombe * Masaram Gondi * Meroitic * Miao * Mwangwego * Sorang Sompeng * Pahawh Hmong * Thomas Natural Shorthand
Thomas Natural Shorthand

ALPHABETS

LINEAR

* Abkhaz * Adlam * Armenian * Avestan * Avoiuli * Bassa Vah * Borama * Carian * Caucasian Albanian * Coorgi–Cox alphabet * Coptic * Cyrillic * Deseret

* Duployan shorthand

* Chinook writing

* Early Cyrillic * Eclectic shorthand * Elbasan * Etruscan * Evenki * Fox II * Fraser * Gabelsberger shorthand * Garay

* Georgian

* Asomtavruli
Asomtavruli
* Nuskhuri
Nuskhuri
* Mkhedruli
Mkhedruli

* Glagolitic * Gothic * Gregg shorthand * Greek * Greco-Iberian alphabet * Hangul
Hangul
* Hanifi * IPA * Kaddare

* Latin

* Beneventan * Blackletter
Blackletter
* Carolingian minuscule
Carolingian minuscule
* Fraktur
Fraktur
* Gaelic * Insular * Kurrent * Merovingian * Sigla * Sütterlin * Tironian notes * Visigothic

* Luo * Lycian * Lydian * Manchu * Mandaic * Medefaidrin * Molodtsov * Mongolian * Mru * Neo- Tifinagh * New Tai Lue * N\'Ko * Ogham
Ogham
* Oirat * Ol Chiki * Old Hungarian * Old Italic * Old Permic * Orkhon * Old Uyghur * Osage * Osmanya * Pau Cin Hau

* Runic

* Anglo-Saxon * Cipher * Dalecarlian * Elder Futhark
Elder Futhark
* Younger Futhark
Younger Futhark
* Gothic * Marcomannic * Medieval * Staveless

* Sidetic * Shavian * Somali * Tifinagh * Vagindra * Visible Speech
Visible Speech
* Vithkuqi * Wancho * Zaghawa

NON-LINEAR

* Braille
Braille
* Maritime flags * Morse code
Morse code
* New York Point
New York Point
* Semaphore line * Flag semaphore * Moon type

IDEOGRAMS /PICTOGRAMS

* Adinkra * Aztec * Blissymbol * Dongba * Ersu Shaba * Emoji
Emoji
* IConji * Isotype * Kaidā * Míkmaq * Mixtec * New Epoch Notation Painting * Nsibidi
Nsibidi
* Ojibwe Hieroglyphs * Siglas poveiras * Testerian * Yerkish * Zapotec

LOGOGRAMS

CHINESE FAMILY OF SCRIPTS

CHINESE CHARACTERS

* Simplified * Traditional * Oracle bone script
Oracle bone script
* Bronze Script

* Seal Script

* large * small * bird-worm

* Hanja
Hanja
* Idu * Kanji
Kanji
* Chữ nôm * Zhuang

CHINESE-INFLUENCED

* Jurchen * Khitan large script * Sui * Tangut

CUNEIFORM

* Akkadian * Assyrian * Elamite * Hittite * Luwian * Sumerian

OTHER LOGO-SYLLABIC

* Anatolian * Bagam * Cretan * Isthmian * Maya * Proto-Elamite * Yi (Classical)

LOGO-CONSONANTAL

* Demotic * Hieratic
Hieratic
* Hieroglyphs

NUMERALS

* Hindu-Arabic * Abjad * Attic (Greek) * Muisca * Roman

SEMI-SYLLABARIES

FULL

* Celtiberian * Northeastern Iberian * Southeastern Iberian * Khom

REDUNDANT

* Espanca * Pahawh Hmong * Khitan small script * Southwest Paleohispanic * Zhuyin fuhao

SOMACHEIROGRAMS

* ASLwrite * SignWriting
SignWriting
* si5s * Stokoe Notation

SYLLABARIES

* Afaka * Bamum * Bété * Byblos * Cherokee * Cypriot * Cypro-Minoan * Ditema tsa Dinoko * Eskayan * Geba * Great Lakes Algonquian syllabics * Iban

* Japanese

* Hiragana
Hiragana
* Katakana
Katakana
* Man\'yōgana * Hentaigana * Sogana
Sogana
* Jindai moji
Jindai moji

* Kikakui * Kpelle * Linear B
Linear B
* Linear Elamite * Lisu * Loma * Nüshu * Nwagu Aneke script * Old Persian Cuneiform * Vai * Woleai * Yi (Modern) * Yugtun

* v * t * e

Braille
Braille
⠃⠗⠁⠊⠇⠇⠑

BRAILLE CELL

* 1829 braille * International uniformity * ASCII braille * Unicode
Unicode
braille patterns

BRAILLE SCRIPTS

French-ordered scripts (see for more)

* Albanian * Amharic * Arabic * Armenian * Azerbaijani * Belarusian

* Bharati

* Devanagari
Devanagari
(Hindi / Marathi / Nepali) * Bengali * Punjabi * Sinhalese * Tamil * Urdu * etc.

* Bulgarian * Burmese * Cambodian * Cantonese * Catalan * Chinese (Mandarin, mainland) * Czech * Dutch * Dzongkha (Bhutanese) * English (Unified English ) * Esperanto * Estonian * Faroese * French * Georgian * German * Ghanaian * Greek * Guarani * Hawaiian * Hebrew * Hungarian * Icelandic * Inuktitut (reassigned vowels) * Iñupiaq * IPA * Irish * Italian * Kazakh * Kyrgyz * Latvian * Lithuanian * Maltese * Mongolian * Māori * Nigerian * Northern Sami * Persian * Philippine * Polish * Portuguese * Romanian * Russian * Samoan * Scandinavian * Slovak * South African * Spanish * Tatar * Taiwanese Mandarin (largely reassigned) * Thai border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Algerian Braille
Braille
(obsolete)

FREQUENCY-BASED SCRIPTS

* American Braille
Braille
(obsolete)

INDEPENDENT SCRIPTS

* Japanese * Korean * Two-Cell Chinese

EIGHT-DOT SCRIPTS

* Luxembourgish * Kanji
Kanji
* Gardner–Salinas braille codes (GS8)

SYMBOLS IN BRAILLE

* Braille
Braille
music * Canadian currency marks * Computer Braille
Braille
Code * Gardner–Salinas braille codes (GS8/GS6) * International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA) * Nemeth braille code

BRAILLE TECHNOLOGY

* Braille
Braille
e-book * Braille
Braille
embosser * Braille
Braille
translator * Braille
Braille
watch * Mountbatten Brailler
Mountbatten Brailler
* Optical braille recognition
Optical braille recognition
* Perforation * Perkins Brailler * Refreshable braille display
Refreshable braille display
* Slate and stylus * Braigo

PERSONS

* Louis Braille
Braille
* Charles Barbier * Valentin Haüy * Thakur Vishva Narain Singh * Sabriye Tenberken * William Bell Wait
William Bell Wait

ORGANISATIONS

* Braille
Braille
Institute of America * Braille
Braille
Without Borders * Japan Braille
Braille
Library * National Braille
Braille
Association * Blindness organizations * Schools for the blind * American Printing House for the Blind

OTHER TACTILE ALPHABETS

* Decapoint * Moon type * New York Point
New York Point
* Night writing * Vibratese

RELATED TOPICS

* Accessible publishing * Braille
Braille
literacy * Ro

.